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Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), Satrap of Cilicia & Cappadocia, c. 384 - 362 B.C., Tarsus, Cilicia
In historical times, Tarsos was first ruled by the Hittites, followed by Assyria, and then the Persian Empire. Tarsus, as the principal town of Cilicia, was the seat of a Persian satrapy from 400 B.C. onward. Indeed, Xenophon records that in 401 B.C., when Cyrus the Younger marched against Babylon, the city was governed by King Syennesis in the name of the Persian monarch. Alexander the Great passed through with his armies in 333 B.C. and nearly met his death here after a bath in the Cydnus. By this time Tarsus was already largely influenced by Greek language and culture, and as part of the Seleucid Empire it became more and more Hellenized. Strabo praises the cultural level of Tarsus in this period with its philosophers, poets and linguists. The schools of Tarsus rivaled those of Athens and Alexandria.
GS84907. Silver obol
, SNG BnF
310, SNG Levante
II 600, Gorturk -, VF, well centered
and struck, toned
, earthen deposits, light corrosion, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, weight
0.714g, maximum diameter
11.1mm, die axis
, obverse head
of female facing slightly left, drapery around neck; reverse
of female (Aphrodite?) right, wearing tainia
, hoop earring, and pearl necklace; ex Roma
Numismatics e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 229; $175.00
Catalog current as of Saturday, October 21, 2017.
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