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Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
When Octavian was awarded the title of Augustus in 27 B.C., he was also given the right to decorate his door posts with laurel branches and awarded the corona civica, an oak-wreath crown given for saving the life of a citizen. The laurel branches, a sign of martial victory, symbolized his victory over Mark Antony and Cleopatra at Actium. He was awarded the corona civica not for saving the life of just one citizen but for saving many thousands when he successfully ended the civil wars. On this coin, Augustus wears the oak wreath crown, which is unusual on coins, but which by law he was required to do at every public gathering. Recent scholarship indicates that the two mints identified in RIC (i.e., Caesaraugusta and Colonia Patricia) are unlikely for this type and assigns it to Emerita.
SH84729. Silver denarius
, RIC I
33a (R2), BnF I
1283, Hunter I
134, BMCRE I
318 var. (head
left), SRCV I
1600 var. (same), Choice
gVF, light toning
with luster in recesses, Emerita
(Merida, Spain) mint, weight
3.830g, maximum diameter
18.4mm, die axis
, c. 19 - 18 B.C.; obverse head
right, wearing oak wreath
two laurel branches upright, CAESAR
in two lines above and below; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; SOLD
Catalog current as of Tuesday, March 20, 2018.
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