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Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tarsos, Cilicia
Agonistic "urns" or "crowns" were awarded to winners at ancient Greek games, similar to modern trophies. They are called "crowns" because they may have been placed on the head of the victor. The crowns on this coin and the inscription under the table refer to the Severia Olympia Games celebrated by Tarsos and other cities near the Syrian border at a site called "the Quadrigae" where Septimius Severus defeated Pescennius Niger in 194 A.D.
The inscription A M K Γ Γ is a boast of Tarsos: Πρωτη Mεγιστη Kαλλιστη, meaning First (A is the Greek numeral one), Greatest, and Most Beautiful city of the three (adjoining) provinces (Cilicia, Isauria, Lycaonia). The final Γ indicates a third neokoria, which was received under Valerian.
RP83549. Bronze AE 33, SNG Levante
1185 (same dies), SNG BnF
1820 (same), Klose-Stumpf
6077 var. (rev. inscription
arrangement), SNG Cop
-, BMC Lycaonia
-, aF, porous, weak center on reverse
a little off-center, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, weight
16.511g, maximum diameter
32.9mm, die axis
, c. 255 - 260 A.D.; obverse
AV KAI ΠOVΛI OVAΛEPIANOC CE, Radiate
, draped and cuirassed bust
right, Π - Π flanking at sides; reverse
TAPCO-V MHTPOPOLEWC, three agonistic
prize crowns set on table, CEVHPI OΛV / A∆PIA EKI/XIPIAI / AVΓOVCTI-A / AKTIA , A M K
Γ Γ in exergue
; ex Alex G. Malloy
Catalog current as of Tuesday, January 23, 2018.
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