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Gela, Sicily, c. 339 - 310 B.C.
Demeter in Greek mythology is the goddess of grain and fertility, the pure; nourisher of the youth and the green earth, the health-giving cycle of life and death; and preserver of marriage and the sacred law. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, dated to about the seventh century B.C. she is invoked as the "bringer of seasons," a subtle sign that she was worshiped long before she was made one of the Olympians. She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian pantheon.
GI74381. Bronze tetras, Jenkins Gela
, group XII, 549; Calciati
III p. 29, 59; BMC Sicily
p. 74, 77; SNG Cop
287; SNG Munchen
324; SNG ANS
123; HGC 2
388 (R1), F, corrosion, Gela mint, weight
2.536g, maximum diameter
13.6mm, die axis
, c. 339 - 310 B.C.; obverse
ΓEΛΩI−ΩN (beginning upward on left), head
of Demeter facing slightly right, wreathed with barley, wearing earrings and necklace; reverse
of river-god Gela left, short horn over forehead, bull's ear, wreathed with barley (or reeds?); rare
Catalog current as of Sunday, October 22, 2017.
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