, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Philip III Arrhidaeus, the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of , was Alexander the Great's half-brother. Alexander's mother, , allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. had him imprisoned and then ordered his execution in 317 B.C.SH72613. Gold , P90, 228 - 230, -, -, EF, lovely Hellenistic , mint luster, 8.579 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; head of right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a coiled snake, wearing necklace and long drop earring; ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, standing left, wreath in extended right hand, grounded in left at her side, TI left, rose left under wing; ex Numismatics auction 8, lot 470; $5220.00 (€4541.40)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV , 221 - 204 B.C.
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. Gorny & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the Gorny & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and Gorny & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for ? 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for ? 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = Gorny & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; Herakles' head right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as of , 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was of three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in and Ptolemy X in .
Serifs are unique to just a few Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very Kition of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the head of on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I. SH72904. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, 13.234 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, as of , year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy IX right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on a thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros), 116 - 108 B.C.
The of this undated closely resembles the of the referenced year 2 and of Ptolemy IX.SH90360. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique! for cf. 1661 (Ptolemy IX, 115 B.C., , ΠA, LB) and 1662 ( , same), VF, light corrosion, scratches, 3.125 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 315o, c. 116 B.C.; Diademed of Ptolemy I right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, no ; ex Gerhard Nachfolger, auction 296 (3 Feb 2014), lot 1975; $1200.00 (€1044.00)
Byzantion, , c. 210 - 195 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos'
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to , initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in . It survived until the 4th century AD when banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.SH71721. Silver , 411 (same dies), 142 - 146 var ( ), -, -, -, -, -, -, aEF, a few weak areas, 16.731 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 0o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 210 - 195 B.C.; diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, left arm on decorated with , transverse spear against right side, crowning name in right, left, BY on throne; ; $1200.00 (€1044.00)
Judaean Kingdom, Herod I, 37 - 44 A.D.
spent much of his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome and was close to both and . One of Claudius' first acts was a treaty guaranteeing Agrippa's kingdom, with the title "great ," and granting the additional territory of to Agrippa's elder brother Herod V. The of this coin depicts a (sacrificial assistant) about to kill a pig to sanctify the oaths of this treaty. Both Josephus (Jospehus, Ant. xix.5.1) and Suetonius (Suetonius, Claud. 25.5) wrote that and performed this fetial ceremony in the center of the in Rome.SH66828. Bronze AE 26, 1245, II p. 248, 8, 121; 4983, F, 15.186 g, maximum 25.9 mm, 0o, Maritima mint, 42 - 43 A.D.; TIBEPIOΣ KAICAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ ΓEPM ( ), laureate head of right; BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ AΓPIΠΠAΣ ΦIΛOKAIΣAP (the Great , friend of ), figures of and stand facing each other within a temple, priest(?) standing in center background, kneeling in center at feet holding pig, LZ (regnal year 7) in ; ex William M. Rosenblum auction 43A, lot 18; very ; $1050.00 (€913.50)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great
Lampsacus was known as center for worship of Priapus, who was said to have been born there.
notes that Lampsacus was Lysimachos' largest mint in , with approximately 150 known dies. Output from Lampsacus declined when Amphipolis began its extensive coinage c. 288 B.C.SH72207. Silver , 49, 2548 - 2549, 843, 1097 ( ), 399 (Sigeum), gVF, , some marks and , 16.495 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 45o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 297 - 281 B.C.; diademed head of deified Alexander the Great wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, crowning name in extended right hand, left arm rests on grounded round decorated with , transverse spear against right side, ∆/Ξ inner left , crescent horns left in ; ex Numismatics auction 11, lot 34; $990.00 (€861.30)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus, c. 323 - 317 B.C.
Arrhidaeus was the half-brother of Alexander the Great. Alexander's mother, , allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. He was imprisoned upon his return to and in 317 B.C. was executed under orders of .SH70941. Silver , 507 (D270/R418), 441 (same dies), VF, , deep punch center, 14.218 g, maximum 23.4 mm, 45o, mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; laureate head of Zeus right; youth on horseback right, holding frond, bee right (control symbol) below; ex Classical Numismatic Group e-auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 123; $950.00 (€826.50)
Kingdom of , Prusias II , 185 - 149 B.C.
Prusias II, son of Prusias I, inherited his father's name but not his character. He first joined with Eumenes of in war against , but later turned on and invaded. He was defeated and demanded heavy reparations. Prusias sent his son Nicomedes II to Rome to ask for aid in reducing the payments. When Nicomedes revolted, Prusias II was murdered in the temple of Zeus at Nikomedia.SH71000. Bronze AE 22, 640; p. 210, 8; 256 var ( ); 26; 629; 7266, VF, nice , 6.393 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 180 - 150 B.C.; head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY, standing right, playing , his cloak flying behind, NΦ inner right under raised foreleg; $800.00 (€696.00)
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