, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Struck during the lifetime of Alexander the Great.
SH77066. Gold , 172, 105, aEF, mint luster, , high relief, strike, 8.580 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 327 - 325 B.C.; of right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a coiled snake; AΛEΞAN∆POY, standing left, wreath in right hand, stylus in left hand, trident-head downward (control symbol) in left ; $5500.00 (€4840.00)
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. Gorny & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the Gorny & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and Gorny & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = Gorny & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $2250.00 (€1980.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as of , 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was of three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in and Ptolemy X in .
Serifs are unique to just a few Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very Kition of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the of on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I. SH72904. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, 13.234 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, as of , year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy IX right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on a thunderbolt, left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $2250.00 (€1980.00)
Kingdom of , Prusias II , 185 - 149 B.C.
Prusias II, son of Prusias I, inherited his father's name but not his character. He first joined with Eumenes of in war against , but later turned on and invaded. He was defeated and demanded heavy reparations. Prusias sent his son Nicomedes II to Rome to ask for aid in reducing the payments. When Nicomedes revolted, Prusias II was murdered in the temple of Zeus at Nikomedia.SH71000. Bronze AE 22, 640; p. 210, 8; 256 var ( ); 26; 629; 7266, VF, nice , 6.393 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 180 - 150 B.C.; of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY, standing right, playing , his cloak flying behind, NΦ inner right under raised foreleg; $720.00 (€633.60)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
This coin was struck under one of the Macedonian satraps in Babylon: , Dokimos, or Seleukos I. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, made by Perdiccas rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.SH73195. Silver , 3697, 1542, VF, 17.067 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 135o, Babylon mint, , Dokimos, or Seleukos I, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, of facing on left, KY under throne; ; $700.00 (€616.00)
Odessos, , c. 240 - 180 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the over his . The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.SH71037. Silver , 1174 , 59, (1) 266, 2140, -, gVF, , , double struck, 16.650 g, maximum 31.7 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, magistrate Eupro.., c. 240 - 180 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, under throne, EYΠPO in ; $630.00 (€554.40)
, Attalos I 241 - 197 B.C., In the Name of Philetairos
Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.SH70868. Silver , Group VIB; BnF 1626; p. 117, 45; 7685, VF/F, excellent portrait, uneven , 16.753 g, maximum 30.5 mm, 0o, mint, 235 - 210 B.C.; Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) diademed right; enthroned left, crowning dynastic name ΦIΛETAIPOY to left, holding spear and resting left arm on , XAP inner left, bow on right; very with this ; $540.00 (€475.20)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
GS74866. Silver , 178, 365, -, aVF, rough, bumps and scratches, some corrosion, defect on top near edge, 15.601 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 0o, Herakleia Pontika (Karadeniz Ereğli, Turkey) mint, c. 288 - 281 BC; diademed of the deified Alexander right, with horn of ; seated left, in her right hand crowning king's name with wreath, left arm resting on grounded round behind, transverse spear against far side, HP on throne, club left in ; $450.00 (€396.00)
Kingdom of , Nikomedes II , 149 - 128 B.C.
Nikomedes II accompanied his father, Prusias II, to Rome in 167 B.C., where he was brought up under the care of the Senate. His father, favoring a younger sibling for succession, decided to assassinate him. But Nikomedes discovered the plot, seized the throne and put his father to death. He remained faithful to Rome, assisting in the war with Attalus, of Pergamus in 131 B.C.SH63494. Silver , p. 213, 3; p. 229, 40; 443; -; -; -, VF, dark hoard with some chipping (stabilized), 14.896 g, maximum 33.6 mm, 0o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 129 - 128 B.C.; diademed right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ EΠIΦANOYΣ NIKOMH∆OY, Zeus Stephanophoros standing left, wreath extended in right, long vertical behind in left, left on thunderbolt in inner left above over ΘΞP (year 169); $405.00 (€356.40)
of Chalkis, Coele , Lysanias, 40 - 36 B.C.
Lysanias is called Tetrarch of by Josephus. Lysanias' father Ptolemaios was married to Alexandra, Mattathias Antigonus' sister. Lysanias offered the Parthian Barzapharnes a thousand talents and 500 women to depose Hyrcanus and put his uncle (or step-uncle) on the throne of (Josephus B.J. 1.248). When Lysanias continued to support against the Roman nominee Herod the Great, had him executed, and gave his territory to VII.GB90942. Bronze AE 19, 11.g, 4769, 145 ., 1243, -, VF, 3.505 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libano mint, c. 40 B.C.; veiled female right, no ; double , flanked by four ligatures ΛYCA, TETP, APX, IΦ (Lysanias tetrarch and high priest); very ; $400.00 (€352.00)
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