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Home>Catalog>Judean&BiblicalCoins>HasmoneanDynasty>JohnHyrcanusI

John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

John Hyrcanus was the son of Simon the Maccabee and nephew of the folk hero Judah Maccabee, hero of the Hanukkah story. Soon after Hyrcanus assumed power, the Seleukid kingdom marched on Jerusalem. Antiocus VII and Hyrcanus I negotiated a treaty that left Hyrcanus a vassal to the Syrian king. John Hyrcanus was the first Jewish ruler to issue coins in his own name.


Click for a larger photo Lulav is a ripe, green, closed frond of the date palm tree. It is one of the Four Species used in the daily prayer services during the Jewish holiday of Sukkot. The other species are the hadass (myrtle), aravah (willow), and etrog (citron). Each type of plant represents different parts of your body because it shows that you worship God with all of your body. To qualify for use as one of the Four Species, the lulav must be ramrod straight, with whole leaves that lay closely together, and not be bent or broken at the top. The term Lulav also refers to the lulav in combination with two of the other species that are bound together to perform the mitzvah of waving the lulav.
SH35897. Bronze half prutah, Hendin 1134, Meshorer TJC type C, VF, weight 0.727 g, maximum diameter 10.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehohanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, Lulav (palm-frond); reverse lily, two stalks of grain below, A center left; excellent condition for the type; rare; SOLD

Click for a larger photo The lily was regarded as the choicest among the flowers. It graced the capitals of the two main pillars which stood at the entrance to the sanctuary.
JD37208. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1134, nice VF, weight 0.910 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehohanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews,, Lulav (palm-frond); reverse lily, A left between flower and leaf; rare; SOLD


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SYMBOLS ON HASMONEAN DYNASTY COINS

The Lily: The lily was regarded as the choicest among the flowers. It graced the capitals of the two main pillars which stood at the entrance to the sanctuary.

The Pomegranate: The pomegranate was one of the seven celebrated products of Palestine and among the fruits brought to the temple as offerings of the first-fruits. Two hundred pomegranates decorated each of the two columns in the temple and were an integral part of the sacred vestment of the High Priest, as bells and pomegranates were suspended from his mantle.

The Cornucopia: The cornucopia was a hollow animal horn used as a container. One of the most popular religious symbols of the ancient world, the cornucopia is also know as the "horn of plenty."

The Anchor: The anchor was adopted from the Selukids, who used it to symbolize their naval strength. Anchors are depicted upside down, as they would be seen hung on the side of a boat ready for use.

The Star: The star symbolize heaven.

The Diadem: The diadem symbolized royalty.


Catalog current as of Thursday, October 02, 2014.
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John Hyrcanus I Biblical Coins