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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheLateEmpire>Valens PAGE 1/3123»»»

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Valens was the younger brother of Valentinian I, and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.


Click for a larger photo On 21 July 365, an earthquake and tsunami devastated Crete and Alexandria and affected Italy, Greece, and Palestine.

RIC Alexandria 3(b) and 5(b) are identical except for time period, which is impossible to distinguish.

RL67623. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 3(b) or 5(b), VF, nice green patina, weight 2.635 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, 28 Mar 364 - 17 Nov 375; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, ALEΓ; $65.00 (€48.75)

Click for a larger photo A numismatically important coin, the field marks abbreviate "officina II," the second officina (mint workshop). This coin type and a few other types offer the only evidence that "officina" was the term used by the Romans to describe mint workshops.
RL60490. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 9(b), aVF, cleaning scratches, weight 2.497 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 135o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, OF - II (2nd officina) across fields, CONST in ex; $27.00 (€20.25)

Click for a larger photo In 364 A.D., the Council of Laodicea decided the doctrine of the Christian church and the contents of the Bible.
BB69395. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 18(b)i; LRBC 1707, F, nicely centered, weight 1.891 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 364 - 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, TESA in ex; $25.00 (€18.75)

Click for a larger photo
BB56657. Copper AE 3, RIC 24b and 28a, VF, weight 1.871 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 367 - 378 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, SM ivy leaf R[...] in ex; $21.00 (€15.75)

Click for a larger photo A Christogram is the monogram of Christ, a ligature of the first two letters of Christ, X (Chi) and P (Rho). Also called a Monogramma Christi.
BB62200. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 5(b)ii, aVF, weight 2.278 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, •BSISC in exergue; $21.00 (€15.75)

Click for a larger photo In 364 A.D., the Council of Laodicea decided the doctrine of the Christian church and the contents of the Bible.
BB69450. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 11b/13b, aVF, weight 2.983 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 264 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, SMKB in ex; $21.00 (€15.75)

Click for a larger photo Valens endowed Antioch with a new forum, including a statue of Valentinian on a central column, and he reopened the great church of Constantine, which stood until the Persian sack by Chosroes in 538.
RL59254. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 10(b), VF, weight 2.056 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor advancing right, head left, dragging captive and holding vexillum, ANT[...] in ex; $20.00 (€15.00)

Click for a larger photo In 367 A.D. assaults by Saxons, Irish, and Attacotti, combined with a general revolt of the garrison on Hadrian's Wall, devastated Roman Britain.
RL69401. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 18(b)i, aVF, weight 1.690 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, TES∆ in ex; $20.00 (€15.00)

Click for a larger photo On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
BB52626. Copper AE 3, RIC IX 16(b), LRBC 1705, gF, green patina, weight 2.284 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 364 - 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing right, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, TESΓ in ex; $19.00 (€14.25)

Click for a larger photo In 373, Valens converted to Arianism and ordered the persecution of orthodox Christians.
BB67951. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 15(b)xxvii, VF, pit right field reverse, weight 2.293 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 225o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, * / K left, Q right, ASISCR in ex; $19.00 (€14.25)



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Obverse legends:

DNVALENSPERAVG
DNVALENSPERFAVG
DNVALENSPFAVG
IMPCEVALENSPFAVG
VALENSAVGVS



Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 16, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Valens