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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ ValensView Options:  |  |  | 

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Valens was the younger brother of Valentinian I, and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.


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On 28 September 365 Procopius revolted and bribed two legions passing by Constantinople. He proclaimed himself Emperor, and took control of Thrace and Bithynia. In April or May 366 A.D., Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt. Procopius fled the battlefield, but was captured and executed.
RL79293. Bronze RIC IX Siscia 7(b)i, LRBC II 1274, SRCV V 19831, Cohen VIII 47, Choice VF, excellent centering, nice green patina, weight 2.508 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 365 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $80.00 (71.20)


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This issue was interrupted by the usurper Procopius who controlled Sirmium for about eight months from early October 365 to spring 366. Although RIC IX lists it only as scarce, we believe it is rare. This is the first ever example handled by Forum and there are very few examples online.
RL69451. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Nicomedia 9b.1 (S, this obverse legend break), LRBC II 2327 and 2335, SRCV V 19760, Cohen VIII 11, VF, tight flan, weight 2.280 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - Oct 365 / Jun 366 - 17 Nov 375; obverse D N VALENS - P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor advancing right, looking left, dragging captive with right, labarum (standard with Christ monogram banner) in left, SMNA in exergue; rare; $50.00 (44.50)


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On 21 July 365, an earthquake and tsunami devastated Crete and Alexandria and affected Italy, Greece, and Palestine.

RIC Alexandria 3(b) and 5(b) are identical except for time period, which is impossible to distinguish.
RL67623. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Alexandria 3(b) or 5(b), LRBC II 2861 or 28163, SRCV V 19856, Cohen VIII 47, VF, nice green patina, weight 2.635 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, 28 Mar 364 - 17 Nov 375; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, ALEΓ in exergue; $45.00 (40.05)


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On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
RL70767. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)ii, LRBC II 1276, SRCV V 19745, Cohen VIII 11, Choice VF, clear monogram of Christ, weight 2.293 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (35.60)


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In 367, in the Great Conspiracy, the Roman garrison on Hadrian's Wall revolted and allowed Picts from Caledonia to devastate Britain. Simultaneously Attacotti, the Scotti from Hibernia (Ireland), and the Saxons from Germania invaded the island's mid-western and south-eastern borders. They sacked the cities and murdered, raped and enslaved Romano-British civilians and in 368 plundered Londinium. In 368, General Theodosius arrived in Britannia with a relief force to deal with the invaders. In Winter 368, the barbarians were driven back to their homelands, the Hadrian's Wall was retaken. Theodosius reorganizes the abandoned forts and mounted punitive expeditions in Hibernia (Ireland). By 369, Theodosius had fully recovered Britain for the empire.
BB83732. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 7(b)vii, LRBC II 1297, VF, scrapes and scratches, small edge crack, weight 2.213 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, * / A left, DASISC in exergue; $16.00 (14.24)


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On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He ruled the Eastern Roman Empire, from the Danube to the Persian border, and began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
BB83757. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Constantinopolis 16(c), F, well centered, marks, corrosion, weight 2.080 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) and dragging captive, CONSP∆ in exergue; $6.00 (5.34)


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This issue was interrupted by the revolt of Procopius in September 365 A.D.
BB83782. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 11b and 13b, LRBC II 2520 and 2530, SRCV V 19854, Cohen VIII 47, aVF, centered, encrustations light corrosion, weight 2.414 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - Sep 365 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, SMKB in exergue; $1.49 (1.33)


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Valens allowed Goths, who were driven from their home by the Huns, to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated and killed by the Goths at the battle of Hadrianople.
BB83796. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 16(b), F, centered, rough, weight 2.005 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging (or comforting?) captive with right, TESΓ in exergue; $.99 (.88)







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNVALENSPERAVG
DNVALENSPERFAVG
DNVALENSPFAVG
IMPCEVALENSPFAVG
VALENSAVGVS


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 23, 2016.
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Roman Coins of Valens