Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D.
Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.
On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB53070. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 351, VF, weight 2.303 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, horseman wears a pointed cap and falls on the horse's neck, [...]SIS in ex; $16.00 (€12.00)
Constantius II, unlike his father, allowed Christians to persecute pagans and Jews. Christian clergy inspired angry crowds, which attacked and destroyed synagogues and temples. On 7 May 351, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. The rebels destroyed the Roman garrison in a surprise night attack and acquired the garrison's weapons. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias and killed the people of different ethnicities, including Greeks and Samaritans. In 352, Constantius Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. Diocesarea, the epicenter of the revolt, was razed to the ground. Ursicinus ordered the execution of thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB62751. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIIISirmium 49, F, weight 1.908 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, [B?]SIRMin ex; $14.00 (€10.50)