, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
ruled as regent for until her death in 223 or 224. Upon her death power passed to , the young emperor's mother. governed moderately, advised by a council of 16 distinguished senators. Rome had difficulty accepting rule by a woman. There were numerous plots and revolts, the last of which ended with the murder of the emperor and his mother.RS90497. Silver , 470, 271, 7918, 1063 note, VF, on a broad , some , minor edge crack, 2.511 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 223 A.D.; IMP C SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped and right, from behind; TR P II P P, seated left on throne, in extended right hand, reversed spear in left, rests on the ground beside the throne; ; $105.00 (€91.35)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
The abbreviates Clementia Temporum, which can be translated "a time of peace and calm."
RS65435. , 921, EF, 4.138 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 180o, 1st , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, IMP C PROBVS AVG, , draped and right, from behind; , emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter standing left holding long behind in left, A• in center, XXI ; $100.00 (€87.00)
, Justin I and Justinian I, April - 1 August 527 A.D.
This tiny bronze from Antioch is the last coin to depict the by Eutychides and, indeed, it is the last ancient coin to depict any classical deity. The sculpture, which first appeared on coins of Antioch in the second century B.C., was made in the late 4th Century B.C. by the Greek sculptor Eutychides of Sicyon for the then newly founded city of Antioch. The sculpture was imitated by many Asiatic cities. There is a small copy in the Vatican.BZ73040. Bronze pentanummium, 17, 13, 10 - 11, 133, -, -, F, nice glossy green with earthen highlighting, 1.716 g, maximum 12.5 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, D N D N IVSTINVS ET IVSTINIANVS PP AVG (or similar), diademed, draped and busts of Justin and Justinian facing; seated left, reversed E left, all within a shrine; very ; $100.00 (€87.00)
, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
On 9 August 378, in Rome's greatest defeat since Hannibal, was defeated by the at the Battle of Adrianople. The emperor was killed along with two-thirds of his army. Rome was left with no but to ally with former enemies. In 379, the were settled in the Balkans. In 380, the Germans, Sarmatians and Huns were taken into Imperial service. Barbarian leaders began to play an increasingly active role in ruling the Roman Empire.RL71419. Bronze AE 3, Antioch 51, gVF, perfect centering, flat areas, 2.746 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; D N VALENTINIA-NVS IVN , pearl-diademed, draped and right; , seated left on , on globe in right, spear vertical behind in left, Θ left, * over Φ right, ANT∆ ; $95.00 (€82.65)
, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
A sum of Greek numerals E (5) and ∆ (4) is used to indicate the 9th in order to avoid using Θ (9). Because they sound alike, theta (Θ) was associated with Thanatos, the daemon personification of death. Theta used as a warning symbol of death, in the same way that skull and crossbones are used in modern times. It survives on potsherds used by Athenians voting for the death penalty. Also, after a funeral "Nine Days of Sorrow," were solemnly observed by the family. Romans avoided the use of theta, as we avoid the use of the number 13 today.RA72411. , 322, 34, EF, excellent centering and strike, near full , 4.120 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 0o, 9th Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 293 - 295 A.D.; IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS , draped and right; , receiving on globe from Jupiter, E∆ ( 9) in center, XXI in ; $95.00 (€82.65)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
In 336, Constantine reduced the of the from c. 2.5 grams to c. 1.7 grams. The earlier heavier coins have two standards between the soldiers. Coins struck on the later lighter have only one .RL72428. reduced , Antioch 108, I 1363, 16374, 250, aMS, 1.693 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 270o, 1st , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 336 - 337 A.D.; CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and right; (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking a in center, heads , each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded , SMANin ; ex Robert T. Golan; $95.00 (€82.65)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.
RP57232. , 1135(f); 546; p. 220, 583; 524, aVF, 12.226 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 180o, 6th , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, AVT K Γ ME KY ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC CEB, , draped and right, from behind, S below ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, S C, standing left on branch, head left, wings spread, wreath in beak; ; $90.00 (€78.30)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, ecclesiastica, VI, 34). says Babylas demanded he do penance for the murder of before joining the celebration. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.SH70792. , 908, 368, 400, -, gVF, , 11.912 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 45o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOYC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPC EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, standing facing on ground line, wings open, head and tail right, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / in ; $90.00 (€78.30)
, Augusta, 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Wife of
In Roman mythology, was the minor goddess of trade and honest merchants. was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor ( ). The , a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The signifies the prosperity which results from and .RS57189. , 1648d, 4, 87, VF, 4.068 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 266 - 267 A.D.; AVG, diademed and draped right, crescent behind; AEQITAS AVG, standing half left, in right hand, in left, crescent left, VIIC ( ) in ; bold full strike on a broad ; $85.00 (€73.95)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
A and very unusual coin with the image of Liberty but the for . Apparently the mint officials in Antioch didn't know the difference between these two Roman personifications.
RS74154. Silver , 8618, 187a (R), 126, -, gF, marks and mildly rough areas, dark spot on , 4.608 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 238 - 239 A.D.; M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, , draped and right, from behind; , standing slightly left, head left, (freedom cap) in right hand, long transverse rod in left hand; ; $80.00 (€69.60)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. It is commonly claimed that the date of 25 December for Christmas was selected in order to correspond with the Roman festival of Dies Natalis Solis , or "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."RA58208. , 1659f, 10364, S658, 987, EF, uncleaned, 3.358 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 267 A.D.; GALLIENVS AVG, , draped and right, from behind; , Sol standing slightly left, , nude but for over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left; $75.00 (€65.25)
, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
In 330, the Goths devastated the city of Tanais in the Don River delta.RL71425. Bronze AE 3, Antioch 88, 2.251 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 330 - 335 A.D.; FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and right; , two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward , two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded , SMANZ ; $75.00 (€65.25)
Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D., Antioch, , Civic Christian Persecution Issue
In 311, after the death of in late April or May, representatives from presented themselves before , bringing images of their gods and requested that Christians not be allowed to live in their city. Late in 311, an embassy from Antioch, led by their curator Theotecnus, also requested permission to banish Christians from their city and its territory. Other cities followed with the same request. support for Antioch's requests is advertised by this coin . Fearing his co-emperors, however, changed his mind. His edict in May 313 privileges and property to Christians. Later in 313, Licinius captured Antioch and executed Theotecnus.
E∆ is the mark for 9th (5 4 = 9). The Romans avoided the numeral nine because it was associated with death and considered unlucky. Theta (Θ) the Greek symbol for nine was used as an abbreviation for Thanatos (death) and after a funeral “Nine Days of Sorrow” were solemnly observed by the Roman family. Theta was used as a warning symbol of death, in the same way that skull and crossbones are used today. It survives on potsherds used by Athenians voting for the death penalty.RL71841. Bronze AE 3/4, 170(i), 2954, 3(a), VF, dark with red earthen highlighting, 1.909 g, maximum 15.5 mm, 315o, 9th , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 312 A.D.; GENIO ANTIOCHENI, seated facing on , turreted and veiled, stalks of grain in right; upper body of river-god below, standing facing in waist deep water, arms outstretched; , standing left, in right, in left, E / ∆ (5 4 = 9th ) right, SMA in ; $75.00 (€65.25)
, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
The Roman's believed Jupiter granted protection and success to his favorites, who tended to be people in positions of authority similar to his own.RA62650. , 325, EF, 4.120 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 285 A.D.; IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS , , draped and right; IOVI CONSERVATO-RI , Emperor (on left) and Jupiter standing , Emperor holding , Jupiter presenting on a globe offering wreath and holding long vertical behind in left, H in center, XXI ; near full ; $70.00 (€60.90)
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