Because of Egypt's isolated position, Antioch was a more suitable capital for the eastern empire than Alexandria, and to some extent the Roman emperors tried to make the city an eastern Rome. They built a great temple to Jupiter Capitolinus, a forum, a theater, a circus, baths and aqueducts. The city was, however, repeatedly damaged by earthquakes. Edward Gibbon wrote of Antioch: "Fashion was the only law, pleasure the only pursuit, and the splendour of dress and furniture was the only distinction of the citizens of Antioch. The arts of luxury were honoured, the serious and manly virtues were the subject of ridicule, and the contempt for female modesty and reverent age announced the universal corruption of the capital of the East." Antioch struck coins for provincial Syria before becoming and imperial mint. Imperial mint dates of operation: 217 - 611 A.D. Mintmarks: AN, ANT, ANTOB, SMAN.
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
Vespasian, in 70 A.D., and Titus, in the following year, had both safely returned to Rome by sea voyage. In thanks, this reversetype, copied from Octavian, was struck on coins of both Vespasian and Titus honoring Neptune under the name Redux.
RS90674. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 1555 (C); BMCRE II 506; RPC II 1928; RSC II 274; BnF III 54; Hunter I 28; SRCV I 2276, VF, dark toning, upper reverse not fully struck, weight 3.402 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverseIMP CAESVESPAVG P MCOS IIII, laureate head right; reverseNEP RED, Neptune standing left, nude, foot on globe, acrostolium in right, long scepter vertical in left; $180.00 SALE PRICE $160.00
Seleucid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as king. He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea, but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
SH90305. Bronze AE 20, Houghton-Lorber 2006c, SNG Spaer 1774, Houghton CSE 249, SNG Cop 304 var (A above star), VF, weight 7.923 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; obverseradiate head of Antiochos VI right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, EΠIΦANOYΣ ∆IONYΣOY in ex, elephant walking left holding torch in trunk, ΣTA above right, star right; ex Forum (2010); $160.00 SALE PRICE $140.00
Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius
Eudoxia was the strong willed wife of Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. She was mother to five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria. She died in childbirth.
SH65424. Copper AE 3, RIC X 104, LRBC 2800, SRCV 4241, gVF, fantastic desert patina, weight 1.854 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned with wreath by the Hand of God above; reverseSALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANT... (obscured) in exergue; truly beautiful in hand; scarce; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 276, Probus returned the antoninianus (aurelianianus) to the standard and official tariffing of Aurelian.
RB65430. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 920, EF, weight 3.794 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseCLEMENTIA TEMP, emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter standing left holding scepter, E• in center, XXI in ex; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL65462. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX Antioch 67(d)4, Choice VF, weight 1.133 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 383 - 395 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseSALVS REIPVBLICE, Victory walking left holding trophy over right shoulder, dragging captive with left, cross left, ANTΓ in ex; $135.00 SALE PRICE $120.00