, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.
The Battle of Antioch. After foolishly cut legionary pay, III Gallica hailed as emperor on 16 May 218. sent cavalry but they too joined . finally abandoned his pay cut and paid a bonus, but it was too late. Legion II Parthica defected. General Gannys, the commander of Elagabalus' forces, decisively defeated was just outside Antioch on 8 June 218. shaved off his hair and beard and fled, disguised as a member of the military police. He was recognized by a centurion at Chalcedon on the , taken back to Antioch and executed.RS84623. Silver , 187, 275, 15, 111, 7505, VF, lustrous fields, excellent portrait, , , 2.093 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 16 May 218 - 219 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; (harmony with the soldiers), two military standards between two legionary eagles; ex Numismatik Naumman ( ), auction 47, of lot 873; ; $165.00 (€146.85)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.
, the personification of rejoicing, is usually depicted as a matron, standing with a in her left hand and a long frond on the ground in her right. Green branches were a sign of gladness and for special occasions, both public and private, it was the custom in ancient times to ornament streets, temples, gates, houses, and even entire cities, with branches and leaves of trees. This tradition carries on today in the form of wreaths and Christmas trees.RS84945. Silver , 190, 54, 281, 116, 7517, EF, light bumps and marks, dark spots, 3.090 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 218 - 219 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; AVG, standing front, looking left, in right, long grounded frond in left, flanked by two nude children standing at her feet reaching up to her, the child on the right touching the frond; ex & Mosch auction 2377 (Mar 2016), lot 1972; $160.00 (€142.40)
Palmyrene Empire, and , 270 - 275 A.D.
, son of the Palmyran Odenathus and , was declared but defeated his forces. He and were then taken to where they lived in great comfort. The abbreviated titles of most likely were, Vir Clarissimus Romanorum (or Rex) Dux Romanorum. The of are interesting because they display both the Roman laurel and the Hellenistic royal diadem.RA85174. , 3105, 1244, 353a3, 381, 1, 11718, gVF, and struck, coppery surfaces, slightest , 3.146 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 180o, 3rd , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, and of right, from the front, Γ below; VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped and of right, from behind; $160.00 (€142.40)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
RIC and RSC list this with the ending and note that describes it as ending AVG in error. does list this from Antioch, but with a left. While the AVG ending is , we do know of other examples.RA75211. Silver , 8917, 894, 7A, 16 (29 spec.), 9, 82 var. ( l.); 8 var. (same), -, EF, some light marks, small edge cracks, 3.863 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, mid - end 247 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from behind; (equity of the emperor), standing half left, in right hand, in left hand; ; $155.00 (€137.95)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
The same types with the same legends may have been minted for at both and Antioch. Some examples with a short beard and younger are clearly of the of (and probably look little like who was in the east). Some, but probably not all, examples with a longer beard and older features were probably minted at Antioch. RIC does not attempt to distinguish between the products of the two mints.RS73902. Silver , 24b; 62; p. 501, 40; 19; 7347, VF, , very dark thick , perhaps debased silver, 2.495 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 0o, Antioch (or ?) mint, Jan 217 A.D.; IMP C M SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate right; TR P (high priest, tribune of the people, consul, father of the country), standing facing, left, legs crossed, long vertical in right, resting left arm on column; $140.00 (€124.60)
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