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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>RomanMints>Antioch PAGE 3/1212345

Antioch, Syria (Antakiyah, Turkey)

Because of Egypt's isolated position, Antioch was a more suitable capital for the eastern empire than Alexandria, and to some extent the Roman emperors tried to make the city an eastern Rome. They built a great temple to Jupiter Capitolinus, a forum, a theater, a circus, baths and aqueducts. The city was, however, repeatedly damaged by earthquakes. Edward Gibbon wrote of Antioch: "Fashion was the only law, pleasure the only pursuit, and the splendour of dress and furniture was the only distinction of the citizens of Antioch. The arts of luxury were honoured, the serious and manly virtues were the subject of ridicule, and the contempt for female modesty and reverent age announced the universal corruption of the capital of the East." Antioch was, paradoxically, also an important hub of early Christianity. The city had a large population of Jews and so attracted the earliest missionaries; including Peter, Barnabas, and also Paul during his first missionary journey. Antioch's converts were the first to be called Christians. Late in 311, an embassy from Antioch presented themselves before Maximinus and requested permission to banish Christians from their city. Maximinus initially agreed, but in May 313 restored privileges and property to Christians. Antioch struck coins for provincial Syria before becoming and imperial mint. Imperial mint dates of operation: 217 - 611 A.D. Mintmarks: AN, ANT, ANTOB, SMAN.


Herennius Etruscus, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian King Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.
RP73067. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1155c (S); Prieur 632; Dura Coins 553; cf. BMC Galatia p. 225, 616, aEF, nice portrait, sharp detail, well centered, porous, weight 11.561 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 249 - early 251 A.D.; obverse EPENNE TPOY ME KY ∆EKIOC KECAP, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, three pellets below; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, eagle standing left on palm-branch, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, S C below; scarce; $130.00 (113.10)

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Vespasian, in 70 A.D., and Titus, in the following year, had both safely returned to Rome by sea voyage. In thanks, this reverse type, copied from Octavian, was struck on coins of both Vespasian and Titus honoring Neptune under the name Redux.
RS90674. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 1555 (C); BMCRE II 506; RPC II 1928; RSC II 274; BnF III 54; Hunter I 28; SRCV I 2276, VF, dark toning, upper reverse not fully struck, weight 3.402 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right; reverse NEP RED, Neptune standing left, nude, foot on globe, acrostolium in right, long scepter vertical in left; $125.00 (108.75)

Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A sum of Greek numerals E (5) and ∆ (4) is used to indicate the 9th officina in order to avoid using Θ (9). Because they sound alike, theta (Θ) was associated with Thanatos, the daemon personification of death. Theta used as a warning symbol of death, in the same way that skull and crossbones are used in modern times. It survives on potsherds used by Athenians voting for the death penalty. Also, after a funeral "Nine Days of Sorrow," were solemnly observed by the family. Romans avoided the use of theta, as we avoid the use of the number 13 today.
RB72411. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 322, Cohen VI 34, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, near full silvering, weight 4.120 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 293 - 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, E∆ (officina 9) in center, XXI in exergue; $125.00 (108.75)

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 336, Constantine reconquered most of Dacia for the Roman Empire.
RL72428. Billon AE 3, RIC VII Antioch 108, LRBC 1363, SRCV IV 16374, Cohen VII 250, aMS, weight 1.693 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 270o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 336 - 337 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking a standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANA in ex; ex Robert T. Golan; $125.00 (108.75)

Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A sum of Greek numerals E (5) and ∆ (4) is used to indicate the 9th officina in order to avoid using Θ (9). Because they sound alike, theta (Θ) was associated with Thanatos, the daemon personification of death. Theta used as a warning symbol of death, in the same way that skull and crossbones are used in modern times. It survives on potsherds used by Athenians voting for the death penalty. Also, after a funeral "Nine Days of Sorrow," were solemnly observed by the family. Romans avoided the use of theta, as we avoid the use of the number 13 today.
RB71730. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 322, Cohen VI 34, EF, perfect centering, excellent portrait, weight 4.274 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 293 - 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, E∆ (officina 9) in center, XXI in exergue; $120.00 (104.40)



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Catalog current as of Thursday, March 05, 2015.
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Antioch