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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>RomanMints>Antioch PAGE 3/15«««12345»»»

Antioch, Syria (Antakiyah, Turkey)

Because of Egypt's isolated position, Antioch was a more suitable capital for the eastern empire than Alexandria, and to some extent the Roman emperors tried to make the city an eastern Rome. They built a great temple to Jupiter Capitolinus, a forum, a theater, a circus, baths and aqueducts. The city was, however, repeatedly damaged by earthquakes. Edward Gibbon wrote of Antioch: "Fashion was the only law, pleasure the only pursuit, and the splendour of dress and furniture was the only distinction of the citizens of Antioch. The arts of luxury were honoured, the serious and manly virtues were the subject of ridicule, and the contempt for female modesty and reverent age announced the universal corruption of the capital of the East." Antioch struck coins for provincial Syria before becoming and imperial mint. Imperial mint dates of operation: 217 - 611 A.D. Mintmarks: AN, ANT, ANTOB, SMAN.


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 276, Probus returned the antoninianus (aurelianianus) to the standard and official tariffing of Aurelian.
RB65430. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 920, EF, weight 3.794 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CLEMENTIA TEMP, emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter standing left holding scepter, E• in center, XXI in ex; $170.00 (€127.50)

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 280, Julius Saturninus, the governor of Syria, was made emperor by his troops. Probus besiege him at Apamea, where he was captured and executed.
RB65437. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 925, Cohen 509, Choice EF, weight 4.239 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse RESTITVT ORBIS, woman standing right presenting wreath to Probus standing left holding globe in right and scepter in left, E center, XXI in ex; $170.00 (€127.50)

Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
RB64059. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 621, Cohen 311, VF, weight 3.803 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 286 - 295; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, Maximianus standing right with short scepter, Jupiter standing left presenting Victory on globe with right and holding long scepter vertical behind in left, ∆ between them, XXI• in ex; ex Elliot-Kent Collection; $150.00 (€112.50)

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL65462. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 67(d)4, Choice VF, weight 1.133 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 383 - 395 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICE, Victory walking left holding trophy over right shoulder, dragging captive with left, cross left, ANTΓ in ex; $150.00 (€112.50)



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Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 23, 2014.
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Antioch