Because of Egypt's isolated position, Antioch was a more suitable capital for the eastern empire than Alexandria, and to some extent the Roman emperors tried to make the city an eastern Rome. They built a great temple to Jupiter Capitolinus, a forum, a theater, a circus, baths and aqueducts. The city was, however, repeatedly damaged by earthquakes. Edward Gibbon wrote of Antioch: "Fashion was the only law, pleasure the only pursuit, and the splendour of dress and furniture was the only distinction of the citizens of Antioch. The arts of luxury were honoured, the serious and manly virtues were the subject of ridicule, and the contempt for female modesty and reverent age announced the universal corruption of the capital of the East." Antioch struck coins for provincial Syria before becoming and imperial mint. Imperial mint dates of operation: 217 - 611 A.D. Mintmarks: AN, ANT, ANTOB, SMAN.
Macrianus, Summer 260 - Early Summer 261 A.D.
Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is therefore the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
SH57022. Silveredantoninianus, RSC IV 8, RIC V 6, SRCV III 10803, F, weight 3.441 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 45o, Antioch mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right; reverseIOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter seated left, patera in extended right, scepter in left, eagle at feet; rare; $270.00 (€202.50)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
Vespasian, in 70 A.D., and Titus, in the following year, had both safely returned to Rome by sea voyage. In thanks, this reversetype, copied from Octavian, was struck on coins of both Vespasian and Titus honoring Neptune under the name Redux.
RS90674. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 1555 (C); BMCRE II 506; RPC II 1928; RSC II 274; BnF III 54; Hunter I 28; SRCV I 2276, VF, dark toning, upper reverse not fully struck, weight 3.402 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverseIMP CAESVESPAVG P MCOS IIII, laureate head right; reverseNEP RED, Neptune standing left, nude, foot on globe, acrostolium in right, long scepter vertical in left; $200.00 (€150.00)
Seleucid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as king. He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea, but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
SH90305. Bronze AE 20, Houghton-Lorber 2006c, SNG Spaer 1774, Houghton CSE 249, SNG Cop 304 var (A above star), VF, weight 7.923 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; obverseradiate head of Antiochos VI right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, EΠIΦANOYΣ ∆IONYΣOY in ex, elephant walking left holding torch in trunk, ΣTA above right, star right; ex Forum (2010); $160.00 (€120.00)
Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius
Eudoxia was the strong willed wife of Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. She was mother to five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria. She died in childbirth.
SH65424. Copper AE 3, RIC X 104, LRBC 2800, SRCV 4241, gVF, fantastic desert patina, weight 1.854 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned with wreath by the Hand of God above; reverseSALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANT... (obscured) in exergue; truly beautiful in hand; scarce; $150.00 (€112.50)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 276, Probus returned the antoninianus (aurelianianus) to the standard and official tariffing of Aurelian.
RB65430. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 920, EF, weight 3.794 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseCLEMENTIA TEMP, emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter standing left holding scepter, E• in center, XXI in ex; $150.00 (€112.50)