Because of Egypt's isolated position, Antioch was a more suitable capital for the eastern empire than Alexandria, and to some extent the Roman emperors tried to make the city an eastern Rome. They built a great temple to Jupiter Capitolinus, a forum, a theater, a circus, baths and aqueducts. The city was, however, repeatedly damaged by earthquakes. Edward Gibbon wrote of Antioch: "Fashion was the only law, pleasure the only pursuit, and the splendour of dress and furniture was the only distinction of the citizens of Antioch. The arts of luxury were honoured, the serious and manly virtues were the subject of ridicule, and the contempt for female modesty and reverent age announced the universal corruption of the capital of the East." Antioch struck coins for provincial Syria before becoming and imperial mint. Imperial mint dates of operation: 217 - 611 A.D. Mintmarks: AN, ANT, ANTOB, SMAN.
Seleucid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as king. He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea, but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
SH90305. Bronze AE 20, Houghton-Lorber 2006c, SNG Spaer 1774, Houghton CSE 249, SNG Cop 304 var (A above star), VF, weight 7.923 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; obverseradiate head of Antiochos VI right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, EΠIΦANOYΣ ∆IONYΣOY in ex, elephant walking left holding torch in trunk, ΣTA above right, star right; ex Forum (2010); $160.00 (120.00)
Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius
Eudoxia was the strong willed wife of Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. She was mother to five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria. She died in childbirth.
SH65424. Copper AE 3, RIC X 104, LRBC 2800, SRCV 4241, gVF, fantastic desert patina, weight 1.854 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned with wreath by the Hand of God above; reverseSALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANT... (obscured) in exergue; truly beautiful in hand; scarce; $150.00 (112.50)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 276, Probus returned the antoninianus (aurelianianus) to the standard and official tariffing of Aurelian.
RB65430. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 920, EF, weight 3.794 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseCLEMENTIA TEMP, emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter standing left holding scepter, E in center, XXI in ex; $150.00 (112.50)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 280, Julius Saturninus, the governor of Syria, was made emperor by his troops. Probus besiege him at Apamea, where he was captured and executed.
RB65437. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 925, Cohen 509, Choice EF, weight 4.239 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseRESTITVT ORBIS, woman standing right presenting wreath to Probus standing left holding globe in right and scepter in left, E center, XXI in ex; $150.00 (112.50)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Antioch, Syria
Possibly struck in the year Christ was born! Most Biblical scholars believe Jesus was born in 4 B.C.
RP90565. Bronze AE 27, McAlee 206(b), Wruck 11, RPC I 4247, SNG Cop 139, VF, weight 16.961 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 5 - 4 B.C.; obverse IMPAVGVSTTRPOT (from upper right), laureate head head right; reverse S C within laurel wreath with eight bunches of leaves between inner and outer linear borders; $140.00 (105.00)