Because of Egypt's isolated position, Antioch was a more suitable capital for the eastern empire than Alexandria, and to some extent the Roman emperors tried to make the city an eastern Rome. They built a great temple to Jupiter Capitolinus, a forum, a theater, a circus, baths and aqueducts. The city was, however, repeatedly damaged by earthquakes. Edward Gibbon wrote of Antioch: "Fashion was the only law, pleasure the only pursuit, and the splendour of dress and furniture was the only distinction of the citizens of Antioch. The arts of luxury were honoured, the serious and manly virtues were the subject of ridicule, and the contempt for female modesty and reverent age announced the universal corruption of the capital of the East." Antioch struck coins for provincial Syria before becoming and imperial mint. Imperial mint dates of operation: 217 - 611 A.D. Mintmarks: AN, ANT, ANTOB, SMAN.
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (AequitasAugusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting AequitasAugusti is a source of prosperity.
RS41823. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9258, RIC IV -, RSC IV -, Choice aEF, weight 4.367 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust left, from behind; reverseAEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing half left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very rare; $180.00 (€135.00)
Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius
Eudoxia was the strong willed wife of Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. She was mother to five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria. She died in childbirth.
SH65424. Copper AE 3, RIC X 104, SRCV 4241, gVF, fantastic desert patina, weight 1.854 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned with wreath by the Hand of God above; reverseSALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANT... (obscured) in exergue; truly beautiful in hand; scarce; $170.00 (€127.50)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 276, Probus returned the antoninianus (aurelianianus) to the standard and official tariffing of Aurelian.
RB65430. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 920, EF, weight 3.794 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseCLEMENTIA TEMP, emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter standing left holding scepter, E• in center, XXI in ex; $170.00 (€127.50)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 280, Julius Saturninus, the governor of Syria, was made emperor by his troops. Probus besiege him at Apamea, where he was captured and executed.
RB65437. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 925, Cohen 509, Choice EF, weight 4.239 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseRESTITVT ORBIS, woman standing right presenting wreath to Probus standing left holding globe in right and scepter in left, E center, XXI in ex; $170.00 (€127.50)
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Gordian III was the grandson of Gordian I, but whether by his son Gordian II, or by his daughter, is still unknown. He was a descendant of the emperor Trajan and the Gracchi brothers. The Gracchi brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, were Roman plebeian nobiles who had both served as tribunes in the late 2nd century B.C. They attempted to pass land reform legislation that would redistribute the major patrician landholdings among the plebeians, in addition to other reform measures. Both were assassinated for their efforts.
RS63952. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 197, RSC IV 307, aVF, weight 4.289 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 238 - 239 A.D.; obverseIMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reversePROVIDENTIA AVG, Annona standing left, grain in right over flaming altar on ground, cornucopia in left; nice portrait, well centered on a broad flan; rare; $150.00 (€112.50)