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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ AntiochView Options:  |  |  |     

Antioch, Syria (Antakiyah, Turkey)

Because of Egypt's isolated position, Antioch was a more suitable capital for the eastern empire than Alexandria, and to some extent the Roman emperors tried to make the city an eastern Rome. They built a great temple to Jupiter Capitolinus, a forum, a theater, a circus, baths and aqueducts. The city was, however, repeatedly damaged by earthquakes. Edward Gibbon wrote of Antioch: "Fashion was the only law, pleasure the only pursuit, and the splendour of dress and furniture was the only distinction of the citizens of Antioch. The arts of luxury were honoured, the serious and manly virtues were the subject of ridicule, and the contempt for female modesty and reverent age announced the universal corruption of the capital of the East." Antioch was, paradoxically, also an important hub of early Christianity. The city had a large population of Jews and so attracted the earliest missionaries; including Peter, Barnabas, and also Paul during his first missionary journey. Antioch's converts were the first to be called Christians. Late in 311, an embassy from Antioch presented themselves before Maximinus and requested permission to banish Christians from their city. Maximinus initially agreed, but in May 313 restored privileges and property to Christians. Antioch struck coins for provincial Syria before becoming and imperial mint. Imperial mint dates of operation: 217 - 611 A.D. Mintmarks: AN, ANT, ANTOB, SMAN.


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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In 231, Severus Alexander led a formidable army into the east. In a great battle Alexander defeated Artaxerxes and drove him back from the frontiers of Rome. He returned to Rome, where he received a triumph for his victory over the Persians.
RS73592. Silver denarius, RSC III 561, RIC IV 302, BMCRE VI 1020, Hunter III 190 var. (no cuirass), cf. SRCV II 7930 (obv legend, star right on rev, etc.), VF, well centered, interesting eastern style, weight 2.643 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 228 - 231 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory advancing right, wreath raised in right hand, palm frond in left over shoulder; $65.00 (55.25)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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This coin shares the same types and legends with denarii struck at the Rome mint, but the fabric and style are those of an uncertain eastern mint. This Eastern mint type is not in the standard references, and certainly a lot scarcer than the similar Rome mint denarii, but examples do turn up with some regularity.
RS73910. Silver denarius, Unpublished in major references; cf. RIC IV 14c; RSC III 218; BMCRE VI p. 118, 34; Hunter III 7; SRCV II 7489 (Rome mint), F, well centered, dark black toning, earthen fill, weight 2.673 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 135o, uncertain eastern mint, c. 222 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P COS P P, Salus seated left, feeding snake coiled around altar from patera held in right hand, left elbow resting on throne; scarce; $50.00 (42.50)


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Wife of Gallienus

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The empire is history but Rome is still today, the Eternal City.

During the Early Middle Ages, the population fell to a mere 20,000, reducing the sprawling city to groups of inhabited buildings interspersed among large areas of ruins and vegetation.
RL74575. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1605c (7 spec.), RIC V-1 J67; RSC IV 103, SRCV III 10651 var. (star or wreath above, uncertain Syrian mint), Hunter IV J35 ff. var. (same), VF, very broad flan, small flan crack, weight 2.817 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in horizontal ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, thin crescent behind shoulders; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE (to eternal Rome), emperor on left standing right, receiving Victory from Roma, seated left, spear vertical behind in her left hand, grounded shield behind against her near side; $50.00 (42.50)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
RA72580. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1668i, RIC V-1 S608 corr. (draped and cuirassed not listed), RSC IV 362 corr. (same), SRCV III 10240, Hunter IV S199, gVF, choice obverse, much silvering, light corrosion on reverse, weight 3.268 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse IOVI CONSERVAT (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, globe in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, PXV (=TR P XV) in exergue; $45.00 (38.25)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 330, the Patriarch of Antioch, Eustathius, was banished to Trajanopolis, Thrace. After Eustathius reproached Eusebius for deviating from the Nicene faith. Eustathius was in turn accused, condemned, and deposed for anti-trinitarian Sabellianism. The people of Antioch rebelled against this action. The anti-Eustathians proposed Eusebius as the new bishop, but he declined. Nevertheless, Eustathius was banished to Trajanopolis, where he died, probably about 337, though possibly not until 370.
RL72595. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 84 (R3), LRBC I 1352, Cohen 458, SRCV IV 16271, gVF, nice portrait, flan crack, weight 3.352 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 329 - 330A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, star above, SMANTZ in exergue; ex Forum (2007); scarce; $45.00 (38.25)




    



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REFERENCES

Huvelin, H. "L'atelier d'Antioche sous Claude II" in NAC XIX (1990), pp. 251-271.
McAlee, R. The Coins of Roman Antioch. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Van Heesch, J. "The last civic coinages and the religious policy of Maximinus Daza (AD 312)" in Numismatic Chronicle 1993, pp. 65 - 75, pl. 11.

Catalog current as of Friday, June 22, 2018.
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Antioch