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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Gods,Olympians>ArtemisorDiana PAGE 2/4«««1234»»»

Artemis or Diana

Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo. Daughter of Zeus and Leto.


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Perge, Pamphylia
Click for a larger photo
The monumental fountain or nymphaeum of Perga consists of a wide pool, and behind it a two-storeyed richly worked facade. From its inscription, it is apparent that the structure was dedicated to Artemis Pergaia, Septimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna, and their sons. An inscription belonging to the facade, various facade fragments, and marble statues of Septimius Severus and his wife, all found in excavations of the nymphaeum, are now in the Antalya Museum. Nymphaeum of Perge
RP69817. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 323 var (CEB), Lindgren A1108A var (same), SNG Pfälzer 317 var (same), SNG BnF -, BMC Lycia -, SGICV -, Nice aVF, weight 4.618 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Perga mint, obverse IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CE, draped bust right; reverse ΠEPΓAMΩN, Artemis standing right, wearing long chiton, hair in bun, arrow downward at side in right, bow in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $95.00 (€82.65)

Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Artemis was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility symbols was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress Artemis with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.
GB90785. Bronze AE 20, BMC Phrygia p. 76, 40 - 42; SGCV II 5121, VF, obverse attractively off-center, green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 7.958 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME AN∆PON AΛKIO, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing; $95.00 (€82.65)

Leontini, Sicily, 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 214 B.C., Roman forces lead by Marcus Claudius Marcellus stormed Leontini, which had been subject to Syracuse. Marcellus executed 2000 Roman deserters who were hiding in the city and then moved to lay siege to Syracuse. The siege would last for two years, thwarted in part by the military machines created by the famous inventor Archimedes.
GB69013. Bronze AE 22, Calciati III p. 85, 21; SNG Cop 362, SNG München 572, HGC 2 715 (R1); SNG Morcom -, aVF, green patina, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 8.810 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 45o, Leontini mint, Roman rule, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate bust of Artemis (or Apollo) right, quiver behind shoulder; reverse ΛEONTIN−ΩN (clockwise from upper right), Demeter standing left, grain ears upward in extended right, long long torch vertical behind in left, plough at feet left; rare; $80.00 (€69.60)

Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
GB72658. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 108; SNGvA 1642; SNG München 507; BMC Troas p. 113, 87; Klein 336; SGCV II 4193, VF, excellent strike, light cleaning scratches, weight 3.014 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse Oinochoe (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner field flanking vase; ex Roger Liles Collection; $80.00 (€69.60)

Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Rome received Apamea with the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of Pontus, who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C. Christianity was very likely established early in the city. Saint Paul probably visited the place, for he went throughout Phrygia. The city's decline dates from the local disorganization of the empire in the 3rd century.
GB62330. Bronze AE 22, SNG Cop 181; SGCV II 5121; cf. BMC Phrygia p. 84, 86 (magistrates), VF, weight 6.083 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Apamea mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus right, wearing wreath of oak and laurel leaves; reverse AΠAME − ∆IO∆ΩP / KPATE, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing, wearing kalathos and veil, taenia hanging from each hand; $75.00 (€65.25)

Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Artemis was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility symbols was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress Artemis with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.
GB70874. Bronze AE 22, BMC Phrygia p. 84, 88; SGCV II 5121, aVF, weight 6.209 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME − MHNO∆O/MENEMA, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing; $75.00 (€65.25)

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia
Click for a larger photo "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58788. Bronze AE 28, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 12.155 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $70.00 (€60.90)

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia
Click for a larger photo "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58789. Bronze AE 30, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 15.083 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 180o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $70.00 (€60.90)

Soloi, Cilicia, c. 100 - 34 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Soli (or Soloi) was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 B.C. southwest of Tarsus, in Cilicia. It was destroyed in the 1st century B.C., and refounded by Pompey the Great as Pompeiopolis (not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in Paphlagonia).
GB49077. Bronze AE 20, SNGvA 5881, SNG BnF 1209 var (controls), SNG Levante 865 var (same), SNG Cop 242 var (same), BMC Lycaonia - (none with countermark), F, green patina, weight 6.193 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Soloi mint, c. 100 - 34 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Artemis right, wearing stephane; countermark: bunch of grapes in round punch; reverse ΣOΛEΩN, double cornucopia, E / Θ (controls?) left; rare; $65.00 (€56.55)


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.
Click for a larger photo With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GB68170. Bronze litra, Calciati II p. 277, 142; SNG ANS 708 ff.; SNG Cop 779; BMC Sicily p. 199; 422 ff.; SGCV I 1200; HGC 2 1537 (S), aF, rough, weight 7.502 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 45o, Syracuse mint, 317 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣΩTEIPA, draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ / BAΣIΛEΩΣ, winged thunderbolt; $60.00 (€52.20)



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Catalog current as of Thursday, March 05, 2015.
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Artemis or Diana