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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Gods,Olympians>ArtemisorDiana PAGE 2/5«««1234»»»

Artemis or Diana

Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo. Daughter of Zeus and Leto.


Orchomenos, Arcadia, Greece, 370 - 340 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Kallisto, the daughter of King Lykaon of Arcadia, was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. Caught in the act, jealous Hera angrily transformed her into a bear and persuaded Artemis to shoot her. Zeus had Hermes recover the child Arkas from her womb and transformed Kallisto into the constellation Ursa Major. Arkas grew up to become the eponymous founder and king of the Arkadians. Upon his death, he was placed in the heavens beside his mother as Ursa Minor.

In another version of the myth, Kallisto, as a companion of Artemis, vowed to remain a virgin, but was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. Artemis seeing her condition in the bath, in anger, changed her into a bear. When her son Arkas was grown, Kallisto wandered into the sanctuary of Zeus Lykaios. Arkas, not recognizing his mother, would have killed her, but Zeus immediately transformed the pair into Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.
BB62604. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 1575, SNG Cop 265, VF, weight 5.317 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 270o, Orchomenos mint, 370 - 340 A.D.; obverse EPXOMEN−IΩN APKAΣ, Artemis kneeling right, holding bow, hound seated right behind her; reverse Kallisto seated left, falling backwards with arms outstretched, an arrow piercing her breast, the infant Arkas below her lying on his back reaching upward toward Kallisto; very rare; $135.00 (€101.25)

Domitia, Wife of Domitian, 81 - 96 A.D., Cilbiani Superiores, Lydia
Click for a larger photo Little is known about ancient the Kilbiani region and inhabitants. Plinius (Nat. Hist. V 29, 33, XXXIII 37) informs us that the people of the "Cilbiani inferiores et superiores" belonged to Ephesos, and in their mountains, "in Cilbianis jugis" could be found the source of the river Kaystros, the surroundings of which, "Cilbiani agri supra Ephesum" produced the best vermilion.
RP67915. Bronze AE 22, SNG Turkey VII 188; BMC Ionia p. 62, 1; RPC II 1062; SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, F, weight 5.325 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, obverse ∆OMITIA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse KIΛBIANWN TWN ANW, facing cult statue of Artemis of Ephesos standing, wearing polos and veil; ; extremely rare; $125.00 (€93.75)

Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.
Click for a larger photo With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GB57038. Bronze litra, Calciati II p. 277, 142; SNG ANS 708 ff., aVF, chipped patina, weight 7.523 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Syracuse mint, 317 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣΩTEIPA, draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ, winged thunderbolt; $120.00 (€90.00)

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia
Click for a larger photo Artemis Tauropolos was an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians by Iphigenia. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis in Athens. - Wikipedia
RP63706. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 1640, SNG Cop 98, BMC Macedonia p. 54, 89, F, weight 8.891 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, obverse TI KΛAY∆IOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ, Claudius standing left, right hand raised, holding eagle tipped scepter in left; reverse AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding a bull right, holding a veil billowing over her head; $120.00 (€90.00)

Celtic, Volcae-Arecomici, Gaul, 77 - 44 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Volcae Arecomici surrendered of their own accord to the Roman Republic in 121 B.C., after which they occupied the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis (the area around modern day Narbonne), the southern part of Gallia Transalpina. They held their assemblies in the sacred wood of Nemausus, the site of modern Nîmes.
GB67905. Bronze AE 16, CCC BM III 215 - 230, Castelin 109-110, De la Tour 2677, Depeyrot NC I 142, SNG Dreer 77, Blanchet fig. 475, VF, nice green patina, weight 1.800 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, Nemausus(?) mint, 77 - 44 B.C.; obverse VOLCAE, diademed head of Artemis right; reverse togate male figure half left, palm frond before, AREC upwards on right; $100.00 (€75.00)

Leontini, Sicily, 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 214 B.C., Roman forces lead by Marcus Claudius Marcellus stormed Leontini, which had been subject to Syracuse. Marcellus executed 2000 Roman deserters who were hiding in the city and then moved to lay siege to Syracuse. The siege would last for two years, thwarted in part by the military machines created by the famous inventor Archimedes.
GB69013. Bronze AE 19, Calciati III p. 85, 21; SNG Cop 362, SNG München 572, HGC 2 715 (R1); SNG Morcom -, aVF, green patina, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 8.810 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 45o, Leontini mint, Roman rule, 2nd Century B.C.; obverse laureate bust of Artemis (or Apollo) right, quiver behind shoulder; reverse ΛEONTIN−ΩN (clockwise from upper right), Demeter standing left, grain ears upward in extended right, long long torch vertical behind in left, plough at feet left; rare; $100.00 (€75.00)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Perge, Pamphylia
Click for a larger photo
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.Ruins of the main street in Perga
RP58738. Bronze AE 14, SNG BnF 402, SNG Cop 317, Nice VF, weight 2.652 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 180o, Perge mint, obverse KAICAP A∆PIANOC, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ΠEPΓAIAC APTEMI∆OC, Artemis standing left, long torch vertical behind in right, quiver over shoulder, bow in left; scarce; $95.00 (€71.25)

Roman Republic, Ti. Claudius Ti. f. Ap.n. Nero, 79 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The S C on the obverse stands for Senatus Consulto. This issue was authorized by Senate decree, most likely to pay for the extensive military operations during the dictator ship of Sulla. The obverse refers to the Sabine origin of the Claudius Gens; the Sabines introduced worship of Diana to Rome. The control numbers run all the way to CLXX.
RR69942. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 310, Crawford 383/1, Sydenham 770a, RSC I Claudia 6, F, banker's mark, uneven toning, weight 3.625 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 79 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Diana, bow and quiver over shoulder, S·C before; reverse Victory in a biga right, raising wreath in right, palm and reins in left, CXXXXI (control number) below, TI·CLAVD·TI·F / AP N (VD and AP in monogram) in ex; $95.00 (€71.25)

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia
Click for a larger photo "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58787. Bronze AE 31, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof-Blümer MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 14.825 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 180o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $90.00 (€67.50)

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia
Click for a larger photo "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58788. Bronze AE 28, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof-Blümer MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 12.155 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $90.00 (€67.50)



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Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 23, 2014.
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Artemis or Diana