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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Olympians ▸ Artemis or DianaView Options:  |  |  |     

Artemis or Diana

Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo. Daughter of Zeus and Leto.


Orchomenos, Arcadia, Greece, 370 - 340 A.D.

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Kallisto, the daughter of King Lykaon of Arcadia, was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. Caught in the act, jealous Hera angrily transformed her into a bear and persuaded Artemis to shoot her. Zeus had Hermes recover the child Arkas from her womb and transformed Kallisto into the constellation Ursa Major. Arkas grew up to become the eponymous founder and king of the Arkadians. Upon his death, he was placed in the heavens beside his mother as Ursa Minor.

In another version of the myth, Kallisto, as a companion of Artemis, vowed to remain a virgin, but was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. Artemis seeing her condition in the bath, in anger, changed her into a bear. When her son Arkas was grown, Kallisto wandered into the sanctuary of Zeus Lykaios. Arkas, not recognizing his mother, would have killed her, but Zeus immediately transformed the pair into Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.
BB62604. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 1575, SNG Cop 265, VF, weight 5.317 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 270o, Orchomenos mint, 370 - 340 A.D.; obverse EPXOMEN−IΩN APKAΣ, Artemis kneeling right, holding bow, hound seated right behind her; reverse Kallisto seated left, falling backwards with arms outstretched, an arrow piercing her breast, the infant Arkas below her lying on his back reaching upward toward Kallisto; very rare; $135.00 (€117.45)
 


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.

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Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
GB71582. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 108; SNGvA 1642; SNG München 507; BMC Troas p. 113, 87; Klein 336; SGCV II 4193, VF, nice style and patina, weight 3.400 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse Oinochoe (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner field flanking vase; $125.00 (€108.75)
 


Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.

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Eγλογισ (eglogis) means elected in Greek and was presumably the magistrate's title.
GB69808. Bronze AE 20, cf. SNG Cop 182; SNG Tüb 3971; BMC Phrygia p. 81, 67 ff. var (magistrate); SNGvA 3740 f. var (same), gVF, weight 5.721 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME / KANKAΠOY / EΓΛOΓIΣ, facing cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis, veiled, arms extended with supports; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $120.00 (€104.40)
 


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia

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"..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58784. Bronze AE 31, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 13.406 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $110.00 (€95.70)
 


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Perge, Pamphylia

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The monumental fountain or nymphaeum of Perga consists of a wide pool, and behind it a two-storeyed richly worked facade. From its inscription, it is apparent that the structure was dedicated to Artemis Pergaia, Septimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna, and their sons. An inscription belonging to the facade, various facade fragments, and marble statues of Septimius Severus and his wife, all found in excavations of the nymphaeum, are now in the Antalya Museum. Nymphaeum of Perge
RP69817. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 323 var (CEB), Lindgren A1108A var (same), SNG Pfälzer 317 var (same), SNG BnF -, BMC Lycia -, SGICV -, Nice aVF, weight 4.618 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Perga mint, obverse IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CE, draped bust right; reverse ΠEPΓAMΩN, Artemis standing right, wearing long chiton, hair in bun, arrow downward at side in right, bow in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $95.00 (€82.65)
 


Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.

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Artemis was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility symbols was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress Artemis with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.
GB90785. Bronze AE 20, BMC Phrygia p. 76, 40 - 42; SGCV II 5121, VF, obverse attractively off-center, green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 7.958 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME AN∆PON AΛKIO, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing; $95.00 (€82.65)
 


Leontini, Sicily, 2nd Century B.C.

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In 214 B.C., Roman forces lead by Marcus Claudius Marcellus stormed Leontini, which had been subject to Syracuse. Marcellus executed 2000 Roman deserters who were hiding in the city and then moved to lay siege to Syracuse. The siege would last for two years, thwarted in part by the military machines created by the famous inventor Archimedes.
GB69013. Bronze AE 22, Calciati III p. 85, 21; SNG Cop 362, SNG München 572, HGC 2 715 (R1); SNG Morcom -, aVF, green patina, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 8.810 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 45o, Leontini mint, Roman rule, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate bust of Artemis (or Apollo) right, quiver behind shoulder; reverse ΛEONTIN−ΩN (clockwise from upper right), Demeter standing left, grain ears upward in extended right, long long torch vertical behind in left, plough at feet left; rare; $80.00 (€69.60)
 


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.

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Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
GB72658. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 108; SNGvA 1642; SNG München 507; BMC Troas p. 113, 87; Klein 336; SGCV II 4193, VF, excellent strike, light cleaning scratches, weight 3.014 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse Oinochoe (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner field flanking vase; ex Roger Liles Collection; $80.00 (€69.60)
 


Mytilene, Lesbos, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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The Romans, among whom was a young Julius Caesar, successfully defeated Mytilene in 80 B.C. Although Mytilene supported the losing side in most of the great wars of the 1st century B.C., her statesmen succeeded in convincing Rome of her support for the new ruler of the Mediterranean and the city flourished in Roman times. In A.D. 56, Paul the Apostle stopped there on the return trip of his third missionary journey (Acts 20:14).
GB74380. Bronze AE 17, BMC Troas p. 197, 149; SNG München 763 ff.; SNG Cop 403 corr. (bull head described as a T); SNGvA -, VF, weight 2.829 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Mytilene mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse head of Artemis right, wearing stephane, hair in a bun at back; reverse tortoise shell lyre with three strings, M-Y/T-I in two divided lines flanking across field, bull head facing lower left; $80.00 (€69.60)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

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Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis held at Athens. - Wikipedia
RP74291. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1633; SNG ANS 170; SNG Cop 96; Varbanov III 3141; BMC Macedonia p. 53, 82, aVF, green patina, porous, weight 9.092 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, obverse TI KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate head left; reverse AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding aside facing on bull galloping right, holding billowing inflated veil overhead with both hands; $80.00 (€69.60)
 




    



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Artemis or Diana