Orchomenos, Arcadia, , 370 - 340 A.D.
Kallisto, the daughter of Lykaon of Arcadia, was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. Caught in the act, jealous angrily transformed her into a bear and persuaded to shoot her. Zeus had recover the child Arkas from her womb and transformed Kallisto into the constellation Ursa Major. Arkas grew up to become the eponymous founder and of the Arkadians. Upon his death, he was placed in the heavens beside his mother as Ursa Minor.
In another version of the myth, Kallisto, as a companion of , vowed to remain a virgin, but was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. seeing her condition in the bath, in anger, changed her into a bear. When her son Arkas was grown, Kallisto wandered into the sanctuary of . Arkas, not recognizing his mother, would have killed her, but Zeus immediately transformed the pair into Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.BB62604. Bronze , 1575, 265, VF, 5.317 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 270o, Orchomenos mint, 370 - 340 A.D.; EPXOMEN−IΩN APKAΣ, kneeling right, holding bow, hound seated right behind her; Kallisto seated left, falling backwards with arms outstretched, an arrow piercing her breast, the infant Arkas below her lying on his back reaching upward toward Kallisto; very ; $135.00 (€117.45)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, of , and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last of , bequeathed to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made of the Roman province of . was under rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the .GB71582. Bronze AE 18, 108; 1642; 507; p. 113, 87; 336; 4193, VF, nice and , 3.400 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; draped of right, bow and quiver over shoulder; (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner flanking vase; $125.00 (€108.75)
Apameia, , c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Eγλογισ (eglogis) means elected in Greek and was presumably the magistrate's title.GB69808. Bronze AE 20, cf. 182; 3971; p. 81, 67 ff. var (magistrate); 3740 f. var (same), gVF, 5.721 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; AΠAME / KANKAΠOY / EΓΛOΓIΣ, facing cultus-statue of Anaitis, veiled, arms extended with supports; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $120.00 (€104.40)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum,
"..the temple of Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at , but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in except two, that at (to ) and that at Didymoi (to )" (Strabo, 14. 1. 40).RP58784. Bronze AE 31, 113 (R4), 311, -, -, -, -, -, et al. -, aF, 13.406 g, maximum 30.9 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as , 139 - 161 A.D.; M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and young right; ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Leukophryene, wearing and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very ; $110.00 (€95.70)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Perge,
RP69817. Bronze AE 18, 323 var (CEB), A1108A var (same), 317 var (same), -, -, -, Nice aVF, 4.618 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 180o, Perga mint, IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CE, draped right; ΠEPΓAMΩN, standing right, wearing long , hair in bun, arrow downward at side in right, bow in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very ; $95.00 (€82.65)
Apameia, , c. 133 - 48 B.C.
was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.GB90785. Bronze AE 20, p. 76, 40 - 42; 5121, VF, attractively off-center, green with earthen highlighting, 7.958 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; AΠAME AN∆PON AΛKIO, cultus-statue of Anaitis facing; $95.00 (€82.65)
Leontini, , 2nd Century B.C.
In 214 B.C., Roman forces lead by Marcellus stormed Leontini, which had been subject to . Marcellus executed 2000 Roman deserters who were hiding in the city and then moved to lay siege to . The siege would last for two years, thwarted in by the military machines created by the famous inventor Archimedes.GB69013. Bronze AE 22, III p. 85, 21; 362, 572, 715 (R1); -, aVF, green , uneven strike with weak areas, 8.810 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 45o, Leontini mint, Roman rule, 2nd century B.C.; laureate of (or ) right, quiver behind shoulder; ΛEONTIN−ΩN (clockwise from upper right), Demeter standing left, grain ears upward in extended right, long long torch vertical behind in left, plough at feet left; ; $80.00 (€69.60)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, of , and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last of , bequeathed to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made of the Roman province of . was under rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the .GB72658. Bronze AE 18, 108; 1642; 507; p. 113, 87; 336; 4193, VF, excellent strike, light cleaning scratches, 3.014 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; draped of right, bow and quiver over shoulder; (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner flanking vase; ex Roger Liles Collection; $80.00 (€69.60)
Mytilene, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The Romans, among whom was a young , successfully defeated Mytilene in 80 B.C. Although Mytilene supported the losing side in most of the great wars of the 1st century B.C., her statesmen succeeded in convincing Rome of her support for the new ruler of the Mediterranean and the city flourished in Roman times. In A.D. 56, Paul the Apostle stopped there on the return trip of his third missionary journey (Acts 20:14).GB74380. Bronze AE 17, p. 197, 149; 763 ff.; 403 . (bull described as a T); -, VF, 2.829 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; of right, wearing , hair in a bun at back; tortoise shell with three strings, M-Y/T-I in two divided lines flanking across , bull facing lower left; $80.00 (€69.60)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Amphipolis,
Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess , variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of held at Athens. - RP74291. Bronze AE 22, 1633; 170; 96; 3141; p. 53, 82, aVF, green , porous, 9.092 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, TI KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate left; AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, riding aside facing on bull galloping right, holding billowing inflated veil overhead with both ; $80.00 (€69.60)
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