Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo. Daughter of Zeus and Leto.
Laodikea ad Mare, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria, 100 B.C. - 100 A.D.
This is the Lindgren I plate coin and the only example of the type known to Forum. It is extremely rare and possibly unique. We purchased this coin from the Butte College Foundation, to which Henry Clay Lindgren donated some of his collection.
GB69629. Bronze AE 18, Lindgren I A2061A (this coin), BMC Galatia - (cf. 12 for similar rev), RPC I -, Hoover Syrian -, www -, F, overstruck(?), scratches, weight 3.848 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Laodikea ad Mare mint, 100 B.C. - 100 A.D.; obverse head of Apollo right, hair rolled; reverse ΛAO∆IKE / THΣ IEPAΣ (downward on left), KAI / AYTONOM (downward on right), Artemis standing half left, wearing short chiton, holding bow(?) and spear(?), uncertain monogram or date in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren Collection (plate coin), extremely rare, possibly unique; $150.00 (€112.50)
Orchomenos, Arcadia, Greece, 370 - 340 A.D.
Kallisto, the daughter of King Lykaon of Arcadia, was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. Caught in the act, jealous Hera angrily transformed her into a bear and persuaded Artemis to shoot her. Zeus had Hermes recover the child Arkas from her womb and transformed Kallisto into the constellation Ursa Major. Arkas grew up to become the eponymous founder and king of the Arkadians. Upon his death, he was placed in the heavens beside his mother as Ursa Minor.
In another version of the myth, Kallisto, as a companion of Artemis, vowed to remain a virgin, but was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. Artemis seeing her condition in the bath, in anger, changed her into a bear. When her son Arkas was grown, Kallisto wandered into the sanctuary of Zeus Lykaios. Arkas, not recognizing his mother, would have killed her, but Zeus immediately transformed the pair into Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.
BB62604. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 1575, SNG Cop 265, VF, weight 5.317 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 270o, Orchomenos mint, 370 - 340 A.D.; obverse EPXOMEN−IΩN APKAΣ, Artemis kneeling right, holding bow, hound seated right behind her; reverse Kallisto seated left, falling backwards with arms outstretched, an arrow piercing her breast, the infant Arkas below her lying on his back reaching upward toward Kallisto; very rare; $135.00 (€101.25)
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Nakrasa, Lydia
SH58872. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 298, SNGvA 3035, BMC Lydia p. 167, 16, VF, weight 3.651 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Nakrasa mint, obverse AY NEP TPAIANON C E ΓEP, laureate head right; reverse NAKPACITΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis within tetrastyle temple, bow in right, drawing arrow from quiver with left; very rare; $125.00 (€93.75)
Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GB57038. Bronze litra, Calciati II p. 277, 142; SNG ANS 708 ff., aVF, chipped patina, weight 7.523 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Syracuse mint, 317 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣΩTEIPA, draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ, winged thunderbolt; $120.00 (€90.00)
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Eγλογισ (eglogis) means elected in Greek and was presumably the magistrate's title.
GB69808. Bronze AE 20, cf. SNG Cop 182; SNG Tüb 3971; BMC Phrygia p. 81, 67 ff. var (magistrate); SNGvA 3740 f. var (same), gVF, weight 5.721 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME / KANKAΠOY / EΓΛOΓIΣ, facing cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis, veiled, arms extended with supports; from The Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $120.00 (€90.00)
Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia
Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians by Iphigenia. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis in Athens. - Wikipedia
RP63706. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 1640, SNG Cop 98, BMC Macedonia p. 54, 89, F, weight 8.891 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, obverse TI KΛAY∆IOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ, Claudius standing left, right hand raised, holding eagle tipped scepter in left; reverse AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding a bull right, holding a veil billowing over her head; $105.00 (€78.75)
Roman Republic, Ti. Claudius Ti. f. Ap.n. Nero, 79 B.C.
The S C on the obverse stands for Senatus Consulto. This issue was authorized by Senate decree, most likely to pay for the extensive military operations during the dictator ship of Sulla. The obverse refers to the Sabine origin of the ClaudiusGens; the Sabines introduced worship of Diana to Rome. The control numbers run all the way to CLXX.
RR69942. Silver denariusserratus, SRCV I 310, Crawford 383/1, Sydenham 770a, RSC IClaudia 6, F, banker's mark, uneven toning, weight 3.625 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 79 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Diana, bow and quiver over shoulder, S·C before; reverseVictory in a biga right, raising wreath in right, palm and reins in left, CXXXXI (control number) below, TI·CLAVD·TI·F / AP N (VD and AP in monogram) in ex; $95.00 (€71.25)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Perge, Pamphylia
The monumental fountain or nymphaeum of Perga consists of a wide pool, and behind it a two-storeyed richly worked facade. From its inscription, it is apparent that the structure was dedicated to Artemis Pergaia, Septimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna, and their sons. An inscription belonging to the facade, various facade fragments, and marble statues of Septimius Severus and his wife, all found in excavations of the nymphaeum, are now in the Antalya Museum.
RP69817. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 323 var (CEB), Lindgren A1108A var (same), SNG BnF -, BMC Lydia -, SGICV -, Nice aVF, weight 4.618 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Perga mint, obverse IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CE, draped bust right; reverse ΠEPΓAMΩN, Artemis standing right, wearing long chiton, hair in bun, arrow downward at side in right, bow in left; from The Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $95.00 (€71.25)
Celtic, Volcae-Arecomici, Gaul, 77 - 44 B.C.
The Volcae Arecomici surrendered of their own accord to the Roman Republic in 121 B.C., after which they occupied the Roman province of GalliaNarbonensis (the area around modern day Narbonne), the southern part of Gallia Transalpina. They held their assemblies in the sacred wood of Nemausus, the site of modern Nîmes.
GB67905. Bronze AE 16, CCC BM III 215 - 230, Castelin 109-110, De la Tour 2677, Depeyrot NC I 142, SNG Dreer 77, Blanchet fig. 475, VF, nice green patina, weight 1.800 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, Nemausus(?) mint, 77 - 44 B.C.; obverseVOLCAE, diademed head of Artemis right; reverse togate male figure half left, palm frond before, AREC upwards on right; $90.00 (€67.50)
Leontini, Sicily, 2nd Century B.C.
In 214 B.C., Roman forces lead by MarcusClaudius Marcellus stormed Leontini, which had been subject to Syracuse. Marcellus executed 2000 Roman deserters who were hiding in the city and then moved to lay siege to Syracuse. The siege would last for two years, thwarted in part by the military machines created by the famous inventor Archimedes.
GB69013. Bronze AE 22, Calciati III p. 85, 21; SNG Cop 362, SNG München 572, HGC 2 715 (R1); SNG Morcom -, aVF, green patina, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 8.810 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 45o, Leontini mint, Roman rule, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate bust of Artemis (or Apollo) right, quiver behind shoulder; reverse ΛEONTIN−ΩN (clockwise from upper right), Demeter standing left, grain ears upward in extended right, long long torch vertical behind in left, plough at feet left; rare; $90.00 (€67.50)