Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo. Daughter of Zeus and Leto.
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 190 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
GB71582. Bronze AE 18, BMC Troas p. 113, 87 ff.; SNGvA 1642; SNG Cop 108, VF, nice style and patina, weight 3.400 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 190 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right; reverse one-handled vase between two laurel branches, KY above, Z−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ across field; $125.00 (€93.75)
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Eγλογισ (eglogis) means elected in Greek and was presumably the magistrate's title.
GB69808. Bronze AE 20, cf. SNG Cop 182; SNG Tüb 3971; BMC Phrygia p. 81, 67 ff. var (magistrate); SNGvA 3740 f. var (same), gVF, weight 5.721 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME / KANKAΠOY / EΓΛOΓIΣ, facing cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis, veiled, arms extended with supports; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $120.00 (€90.00)
Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GB57038. Bronze litra, Calciati II p. 277, 142; SNG ANS 708 ff.; SNG Cop 779; BMC Sicily p. 199; 422 ff.; SGCV I 1200; HGC 2 1537 (S), aVF, chipped patina, weight 7.523 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Syracuse mint, 304 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣΩTEIPA, draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ, winged thunderbolt; $110.00 (€82.50)
Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia
Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians by Iphigenia. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis in Athens. - Wikipedia
RP63706. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 1640, SNG Cop 98, BMC Macedonia p. 54, 89, F, weight 8.891 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, obverse TI KΛAY∆IOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ, Claudius standing left, right hand raised, holding eagle tipped scepter in left; reverse AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding a bull right, holding a veil billowing over her head; $105.00 (€78.75)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Perge, Pamphylia
The monumental fountain or nymphaeum of Perga consists of a wide pool, and behind it a two-storeyed richly worked facade. From its inscription, it is apparent that the structure was dedicated to Artemis Pergaia, Septimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna, and their sons. An inscription belonging to the facade, various facade fragments, and marble statues of Septimius Severus and his wife, all found in excavations of the nymphaeum, are now in the Antalya Museum.
RP69817. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 323 var (CEB), Lindgren A1108A var (same), SNG Pfälzer 317 var (same), SNG BnF -, BMC Lycia -, SGICV -, Nice aVF, weight 4.618 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Perga mint, obverse IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CE, draped bust right; reverse ΠEPΓAMΩN, Artemis standing right, wearing long chiton, hair in bun, arrow downward at side in right, bow in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $95.00 (€71.25)
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Artemis was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility symbols was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress Artemis with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.
GB90785. Bronze AE 20, BMC Phrygia p. 76, 40 - 42; SGCV II 5121, VF, obverse attractively off-center, green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 7.958 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME AN∆PON AΛKIO, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing; $95.00 (€71.25)
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
RS70886. Silver denarius, RIC IV 127, RSC IV 69, VF, full circles strike, toned, weight 3.512 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 241 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseDIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing right, flaming long transverse torch in both hands; $95.00 (€71.25)
Celtic, Volcae-Arecomici, Gaul, 77 - 44 B.C.
The Volcae Arecomici surrendered of their own accord to the Roman Republic in 121 B.C., after which they occupied the Roman province of GalliaNarbonensis (the area around modern day Narbonne), the southern part of Gallia Transalpina. They held their assemblies in the sacred wood of Nemausus, the site of modern Nîmes.
GB67905. Bronze AE 16, CCC BM III 215 - 230, Castelin 109-110, De la Tour 2677, Depeyrot NC I 142, SNG Dreer 77, Blanchet fig. 475, VF, nice green patina, weight 1.800 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, Nemausus(?) mint, 77 - 44 B.C.; obverseVOLCAE, diademed head of Artemis right; reverse togate male figure half left, palm frond before, AREC upwards on right; $90.00 (€67.50)
Leontini, Sicily, 2nd Century B.C.
In 214 B.C., Roman forces lead by MarcusClaudius Marcellus stormed Leontini, which had been subject to Syracuse. Marcellus executed 2000 Roman deserters who were hiding in the city and then moved to lay siege to Syracuse. The siege would last for two years, thwarted in part by the military machines created by the famous inventor Archimedes.
GB69013. Bronze AE 22, Calciati III p. 85, 21; SNG Cop 362, SNG München 572, HGC 2 715 (R1); SNG Morcom -, aVF, green patina, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 8.810 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 45o, Leontini mint, Roman rule, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate bust of Artemis (or Apollo) right, quiver behind shoulder; reverse ΛEONTIN−ΩN (clockwise from upper right), Demeter standing left, grain ears upward in extended right, long long torch vertical behind in left, plough at feet left; rare; $90.00 (€67.50)
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Rome received Apamea with the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of Pontus, who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C. Christianity was very likely established early in the city. Saint Paul probably visited the place, for he went throughout Phrygia. The city's decline dates from the local disorganization of the empire in the 3rd century.
GB62330. Bronze AE 22, SNG Cop 181; SGCV II 5121; cf. BMC Phrygia p. 84, 86 (magistrates), VF, weight 6.083 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Apamea mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus right, wearing wreath of oak and laurel leaves; reverse AΠAME − ∆IO∆ΩP / KPATE, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing, wearing kalathos and veil, taenia hanging from each hand; $85.00 (€63.75)