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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Gods,Olympians>ArtemisorDiana PAGE 2/4«««1234»»»

Artemis or Diana

Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo. Daughter of Zeus and Leto.


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia
Click for a larger photo "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58787. Bronze AE 31, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 14.825 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 180o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $80.00 (€60.00)

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia
Click for a larger photo "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58788. Bronze AE 28, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 12.155 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $80.00 (€60.00)

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia
Click for a larger photo "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58789. Bronze AE 30, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 15.083 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 180o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $80.00 (€60.00)

Leontini, Sicily, 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 214 B.C., Roman forces lead by Marcus Claudius Marcellus stormed Leontini, which had been subject to Syracuse. Marcellus executed 2000 Roman deserters who were hiding in the city and then moved to lay siege to Syracuse. The siege would last for two years, thwarted in part by the military machines created by the famous inventor Archimedes.
GB69013. Bronze AE 22, Calciati III p. 85, 21; SNG Cop 362, SNG München 572, HGC 2 715 (R1); SNG Morcom -, aVF, green patina, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 8.810 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 45o, Leontini mint, Roman rule, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate bust of Artemis (or Apollo) right, quiver behind shoulder; reverse ΛEONTIN−ΩN (clockwise from upper right), Demeter standing left, grain ears upward in extended right, long long torch vertical behind in left, plough at feet left; rare; $80.00 (€60.00)

Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Rome received Apamea with the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of Pontus, who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C. Christianity was very likely established early in the city. Saint Paul probably visited the place, for he went throughout Phrygia. The city's decline dates from the local disorganization of the empire in the 3rd century.
GB62330. Bronze AE 22, SNG Cop 181; SGCV II 5121; cf. BMC Phrygia p. 84, 86 (magistrates), VF, weight 6.083 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Apamea mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus right, wearing wreath of oak and laurel leaves; reverse AΠAME − ∆IO∆ΩP / KPATE, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing, wearing kalathos and veil, taenia hanging from each hand; $75.00 (€56.25)

Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Artemis was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility symbols was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress Artemis with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.
GB70874. Bronze AE 22, BMC Phrygia p. 84, 88; SGCV II 5121, aVF, weight 6.209 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME − MHNO∆O/MENEMA, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing; $75.00 (€56.25)

Soloi, Cilicia, c. 100 - 34 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Soli (or Soloi) was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 B.C. southwest of Tarsus, in Cilicia. It was destroyed in the 1st century B.C., and refounded by Pompey the Great as Pompeiopolis (not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in Paphlagonia).
GB49077. Bronze AE 20, SNGvA 5881, SNG BnF 1209 var (controls), SNG Levante 865 var (same), SNG Cop 242 var (same), BMC Lycaonia - (none with countermark), F, green patina, weight 6.193 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Soloi mint, c. 100 - 34 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Artemis right, wearing stephane; countermark: bunch of grapes in round punch; reverse ΣOΛEΩN, double cornucopia, E / Θ (controls?) left; rare; $65.00 (€48.75)

Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.
Click for a larger photo With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GB68170. Bronze litra, Calciati II p. 277, 142; SNG ANS 708 ff.; SNG Cop 779; BMC Sicily p. 199; 422 ff.; SGCV I 1200; HGC 2 1537 (S), aF, rough, weight 7.502 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 45o, Syracuse mint, 317 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣΩTEIPA, draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ / BAΣIΛEΩΣ, winged thunderbolt; $60.00 (€45.00)

Phygela, Ionia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Phygela was a small coastal town south-west of Ephesos.
GB57536. Bronze AE 11, SNGvA 2149; BMC Ionia p. 228, 1 ff. var. (no Γ); SNG Cop 1072 var (monogram vice astragalos); Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.315 g, maximum diameter 10.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phygela mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Artemis Munychia right, wearing stephane; reverse ΦY/Γ−A, bull butting right, astragalos below; $55.00 (€41.25)

Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius I Soter, 162 - 150 B.C.
Click for a larger photo As required by the Treaty of Apamea, Demetrius, the son of Seleucus IV, was held in Rome as a hostage. After Antiochus IV (his uncle) died, he claimed the right to rule but Rome preferred Antiochus V, a weak child. Demetrius escaped, was welcomed in Syria and took his throne. Antiochus V and his regent were executed. Demetrius defeated Judas Maccabaeus and restored Seleukid control over Judaea.
GB58092. Bronze serrated AE 21, Houghton-Lorber II 1645, SNG Spaer 1295 ff.; BMC Seleucid p. 80, 4; SGCV II 7027, F, weight 11.779 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse bust of Artemis right wearing stephane, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ∆HMHTPIOY, bow and quiver; $49.00 (€36.75)



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Catalog current as of Saturday, December 20, 2014.
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Artemis or Diana