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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Olympians ▸ Artemis or DianaView Options:  |  |  |     

Artemis or Diana

Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo. Daughter of Zeus and Leto.


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia

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"..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58784. Bronze AE 31, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 13.406 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Perge, Pamphylia

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The monumental fountain or nymphaeum of Perga consists of a wide pool, and behind it a two-storeyed richly worked facade. From its inscription, it is apparent that the structure was dedicated to Artemis Pergaia, Septimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna, and their sons. An inscription belonging to the facade, various facade fragments, and marble statues of Septimius Severus and his wife, all found in excavations of the nymphaeum, are now in the Antalya Museum. Nymphaeum of Perge
RP69817. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 323 var (CEB), Lindgren A1108A var (same), SNG Pfälzer 317 var (same), SNG BnF -, BMC Lycia -, SGICV -, Nice aVF, weight 4.618 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Perga mint, obverse IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CE, draped bust right; reverse ΠEPΓAMΩN, Artemis standing right, wearing long chiton, hair in bun, arrow downward at side in right, bow in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


Antioch, Syria, Civic Issue, 68 - 69 A.D.

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McAlee and RPC I identify the head as Apollo. SNG Copenhagen and BMC Galatia, older references, identify the head as Artemis. Although the laurel branch indicates Apollo and Apollo is often depicted quite feminine, on most coins it does look more like a woman.
RY73060. Bronze dichalkon, McAlee 116; RPC I 4323; BMC Galatia p. 162, 93; SNG Cop 106 var. (reversed date arrangement); SNG München -, Choice VF, green patina with red earthen highlighting, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 45o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, reigns of Galba and Otho, 68 - 69 A.D.; obverse head of Artemis or Apollo right, hair bound with a taenia; reverse laurel branch, ET ZIP (from upper right, year 117 Caesarean era); scarce; $85.00 (€74.80)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

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Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis held at Athens. - Wikipedia
RP74291. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1633; SNG ANS 170; SNG Cop 96; Varbanov III 3141; BMC Macedonia p. 53, 82, aVF, green patina, porous, weight 9.092 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, obverse TI KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate head left; reverse AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding aside facing on bull galloping right, holding billowing inflated veil overhead with both hands; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Leontini, Sicily, 2nd Century B.C.

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In 214 B.C., Roman forces lead by Marcus Claudius Marcellus stormed Leontini, which had been subject to Syracuse. Marcellus executed 2000 Roman deserters who were hiding in the city and then moved to lay siege to Syracuse. The siege would last for two years, thwarted in part by the military machines created by the famous inventor Archimedes.
GB69013. Bronze AE 22, Calciati III p. 85, 21; SNG Cop 362, SNG München 572, HGC 2 715 (R1); SNG Morcom -, aVF, green patina, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 8.810 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 45o, Leontini mint, Roman rule, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate bust of Artemis (or Apollo) right, quiver behind shoulder; reverse ΛEONTIN−ΩN (clockwise from upper right), Demeter standing left, grain ears upward in extended right, long long torch vertical behind in left, plough at feet left; rare; $70.00 (€61.60)
 


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.

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Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
GB72658. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 108; SNGvA 1642; SNG München 507; BMC Troas p. 113, 87; Klein 336; SGCV II 4193, VF, excellent strike, light cleaning scratches, weight 3.014 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse Oinochoe (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner field flanking vase; ex Roger Liles Collection; $70.00 (€61.60)
 


Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.

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Artemis was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility symbols was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress Artemis with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.
GB70874. Bronze AE 22, BMC Phrygia p. 84, 88; SGCV II 5121, aVF, weight 6.209 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME − MHNO∆O/MENEMA, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing; $65.00 (€57.20)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.

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After Antiochos IX's father died, his uncle Demetrius II Nicator took the throne. For his safety, his mother, Cleopatra Thea, sent him to Cyzicus (leading to his nickname). He returned to Syria in 116 B.C. to claim the throne from his half-brother Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes.
GB73102. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber II 2379; BMC Seleucid p. 94, 31; Babelon Rois 1505; Houghton CSE 2, 775 var. (control); HGC 9 1253 (R2); SNG Spaer -; SNG Cop -, aVF, green patina, centered on a tight flan, corrosion, weight 4.934 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain (probably Syrian) mint, 114 - 95 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, with hair rolled, curly locks down neck; reverse Artemis standing facing, wearing short tunic and boots, spear vertical in right hand, bow in left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY downward in two lines on right, ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ downward on left, E (control) on side facing downward outer left; very rare; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia

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"..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" (Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40).
RP58788. Bronze AE 28, Schultz Magnesia 113 (R4), Imhoof MG 311, RPC Online -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, et al. -, aF, weight 12.155 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as caesar, 139 - 161 A.D.; obverse M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed young bust right; reverse ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene, wearing polos and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very rare; $55.00 (€48.40)
 


Phygela, Ionia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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Phygela was a small coastal town south-west of Ephesos.
GB57536. Bronze AE 11, SNGvA 2149; BMC Ionia p. 228, 1 ff. var. (no Γ); SNG Cop 1072 var (monogram vice astragalos); Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.315 g, maximum diameter 10.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phygela mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Artemis Munychia right, wearing stephane; reverse ΦY/Γ−A, bull butting right, astragalos below; $45.00 (€39.60)
 




    



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Artemis or Diana