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Britain (Mints & Types)

Britain is a very popular collecting theme, not surprisingly, it is most popular with British collectors. The theme usually includes coins struck in Britain, coins related to historical events in Britain, and coins depicting Britannia or other types related to Britain.


Coin Hoards From Roman Britain Volume XI

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The eleventh volume, is dedicated to finds of Roman hoards from the early imperial period (with terminal dates up to AD 235) discovered between 1997 and 2001. The highlight of the volume is the Shapwick Villa (Somerset) hoard of over 9,000 denarii, the largest hoard of its kind from Britain to be fully published. It is complemented by an important essay on hoards of the Severan period from Britain by Richard Abdy and Roger Bland.
BK10551. Coin Hoards From Roman Britain Volume XI edited by Richard Abdy, Ian Leins, and Jonathan Williams, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication No. 36, 2002, 223 pages, 10 plates, new, shelf-worn; $35.00 (€29.75)
 


Anglo-Gallic, Richard I the Lionhearted, Count of Poitou and King of England 1189 - 1199

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The only coins of Richard struck in his own name are those of his French possessions; English issues attributed to Richard are all in the name and types of his father, Henry II.

Richard I is known as Richard Coeur de Lion or Richard the Lionhearted for his bravery in battle. He was born and spent his childhood in England. By the age of 16, Richard had command of his own army and put down rebellions against his father in Poitou. As king, he was off on Crusade, in captivity, or defending his lands in France, spending as little as 6 months of his 10-year reign in England. He spoke French and Occitan, but never learned English. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, it seems he saw it primarily as a source of revenue to support his armies. As the leader of the Third Crusade after the departure of Philip II of France, he won considerable victories against Saladin, but did not retake Jerusalem. He was seen as a pious hero by his subjects and is one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure both in England and in France. Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forest during Richard's reign.
UK86433. Silver denier, Elias 8b (S), Duplessy Feodales 926, Poey d'Avant 2536, SCBC-SII 8008 var. (no annulet), aVF, toned, double struck, edge cracks, weight 1.007 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 240o, Melle (Deux-Sèvres) mint, 1189 - 1199; obverse + RICARDVS REX (King Richard), cross pattée within inner dot border, annulet in third (lower left) quarter; reverse PIC/TAVIE/NSIS ([County of] Poitou) in three lines across field; scarce; $170.00 (€144.50)
 


Anglo-Gallic, Richard I the Lionhearted, Count of Poitou and King of England 1189 - 1199

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The only coins of Richard struck in his own name are those of his French possessions; English issues attributed to Richard are all in the name and types of his father, Henry II.

Richard I is known as Richard Coeur de Lion or Richard the Lionhearted for his bravery in battle. He was born and spent his childhood in England. By the age of 16, Richard had command of his own army and put down rebellions against his father in Poitou. As king, he was off on Crusade, in captivity, or defending his lands in France, spending as little as 6 months of his 10-year reign in England. He spoke French and Occitan, but never learned English. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, it seems he saw it primarily as a source of revenue to support his armies. As the leader of the Third Crusade after the departure of Philip II of France, he won considerable victories against Saladin, but did not retake Jerusalem. He was seen as a pious hero by his subjects and is one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure both in England and in France. Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forest during Richard's reign.
UK86435. Silver denier, Elias 8, Duplessy Feodales 920, Poey d'Avant 2506, SCBC-SII 8008, VF, toned, centered, uneven strike, weight 0.966 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Melle (Deux-Sèvres) mint, 1189 - 1199; obverse + RICARDVS REX (King Richard), cross pattée within inner dot border; reverse PIC/TAVIE/NSIS ([County of] Poitou) in three lines across field; $170.00 (€144.50)
 


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The quantity of PAX coinage issued by Carausius probably exceeded the entire output of all his other types combined. The type was an appeal by the usurper Carausius for peace with the "official" emperors. Diocletian and Maximian did not recognize Carausius as emperor, nor did they reciprocate his desire for peace.
RA73500. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 167; RIC V-2 141 (R); SRCV IV 13665; Cohen VII 241; Hunter IV 50 var. (scepter transverse), VF, attractive green patina with earthen highlighting, light marks, weight 2.846 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 45o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing half left, head left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, S - P flanking across field, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $155.00 (€131.75)
 


Anglo-Gallic, Richard I the Lionhearted, Count of Poitou and King of England 1189 - 1199

Click for a larger photo
The only coins of Richard struck in his own name are those of his French possessions; English issues attributed to Richard are all in the name and types of his father, Henry II.

Richard I is known as Richard Coeur de Lion or Richard the Lionhearted for his bravery in battle. He was born and spent his childhood in England. By the age of 16, Richard had command of his own army and put down rebellions against his father in Poitou. As king, he was off on Crusade, in captivity, or defending his lands in France, spending as little as 6 months of his 10-year reign in England. He spoke French and Occitan, but never learned English. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, it seems he saw it primarily as a source of revenue to support his armies. As the leader of the Third Crusade after the departure of Philip II of France, he won considerable victories against Saladin, but did not retake Jerusalem. He was seen as a pious hero by his subjects and is one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure both in England and in France. Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forest during Richard's reign.
UK86437. Silver denier, Elias 8d (S), Duplessy Feodales 922 var. (pellet vice annulet), Poey d'Avant 2528 var. (same), SCBC-SII 8008 var. (no annulet), weight 0.894 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Melle (Deux-Sèvres) mint, 1189 - 1199; obverse + RICARDVS REX (King Richard), cross pattée within inner dot border; reverse PIC/TAVIE/NSIS ([County of] Poitou) in three lines across field; scarce; $150.00 (€127.50)
 


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Laetitia is the Roman goddess of gaiety and joy, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy. She is typically depicted on coinage with a wreath in her right hand, and a scepter, a rudder, or an anchor in her left hand.
RA73238. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 456, Webb Carausius 510, Hunter IV 118 var. (P AVG), Burton Latimer -, SRCV IV -, F, nice green patina, weak centers, scratches, small spots of corrosion, weight 3.185 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, unmarked mint, c. 290/291 - mid 292; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, middle reign portrait type; reverse LAETITIA AVG (the joy of the Emperor), Laetitia standing facing, head left, wreath in right hand, anchor in right hand, S - C flanking high across field; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $120.00 (€102.00)
 


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The system of mintmarks, widely used by all mints in the late Roman Empire, was introduced under the usurper Carausius, probably by his finance minister and successor, Allectus. Carausius coins without mintmarks are his earliest coins, probably struck at Londinium and Camulodunum before mid-287. Coins without mintmarks and with crude style or blundered legends are probably unofficial.
RA73276. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 1010; RIC V-2 905 var. (no cuirass); Cohen VII 209 var. (same); SRCV IV 13649 var. (transverse scepter); Hunter IV 72 var. (same), VF, attractive green patina, well centered, porous, light corrosion, weight 5.053 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 90o, unmarked mint, c. mid 286 - mid 287; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, early reign moustache portrait type; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, olive branch in extended right hand, staff vertical behind in left hand, no mintmarks or controls; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $105.00 (€89.25)
 


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA73283. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 167; RIC V-2 141 (R); SRCV IV 13665; Cohen VII 241; Hunter IV 50 var. (scepter transverse), gVF/VF, green patina, traces of silvering, nice portrait, some legend unstruck, black deposits, light scratches and marks, weight 5.021 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing half left, head left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, S - P flanking across field, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $100.00 (€85.00)
 


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that Providentia types are very common, but those reading PROVIDEN are rare.
RA73472. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 175 (draped, no cuirass) or 176 (also cuirassed), RIC V-2 149 (S), SRCV IV 13694, Askew 182, Hunter IV -, VF, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, areas weakly struck, bumps and marks, weight 3.155 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. late 289/290 - 290/291; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right, middle reign portrait type; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, B - E across fields, MLXXI in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (€85.00)
 


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Balkerne Gate Colchester

RA73506. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 397; RIC V-2 339 (S); Cohen VII 238; Hunter IV 143 var. (obv. leg); SRCV IV 13666 var. (same, also scepter vertical), aVF, green patina with some flaking, edge crack, light marks and corrosion, weight 2.563 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing half left, head left, raising olive-branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, S - P flanking across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $100.00 (€85.00)
 




  



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Britain (Mints & Types)