Manlia Scantilla, Augusta, 28 March - 2 June 193 A.D., Wife of Didius Julianus
Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock.
SH49957. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC IV 18a, Cohen 6, BMCRE V 32, Nice aVF, weight 17.167 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverseMANLIA SCANTILLA AVG, draped bust right; reverseIVNO REGINA S C, Juno standing left, patera in right, long scepter vertical in left, peacock at feet left; fantastic portrait, typical small flan; very rare (R2); $1300.00 (1001.00)
In ancient Egypt, both sexes wore robes called kalasiris by Herodotus. Material and cut varied over the centuries, though the cloth of choice was always linen. The kalasiris women wore might cover one or both shoulders or be worn with shoulder straps. They covered the breasts most of the time, though there were periods when fashion left them bare. While the top could reach anywhere from below the breast up to the neck, the bottom hem generally touched the calves or even the ankles. Some had short sleeves, others were sleeveless. The fit might be very tight or quite loose. They were often worn with a belt which held together the folds of cloth. -- http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/timelines/topics/clothing.htm
AE34111. Large wood lady figure; 31.5 cm (12 1/2") tall; original gesso and polychrome pigment; arms missing (originally separate pegged pieces), feet missing, near Choice, $1080.00 (831.60)
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius
In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB26685. Orichalcumsestertius, SRCV II 4710, RIC III 1368, BMCRE IV 2198, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseAVGVSTI PII FIL S C, Concordia standing left, patera in extended right, cornucopia in left; $670.00 (515.90)
Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., wife of Theodosius I
The Christogram, a ligature of Chi and Rho, the first two letters of Christ in Greek, was an early symbol for Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
SH62376. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX 13, SRCV 4192, gVF, weight 5.849 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea mint, 378 - 383 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverseSALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on column, SMHB in exergue; $500.00 (385.00)
Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
For Roman wives, piety often meant accepting neglect. It was not considered adultery for a Roman husband to have sex with slaves or unmarried women. The historian Spartianus wrote that after Lucilla complained, Lucius Verus reproached her: "Uxor enim dignitatis nomen est, non voluptatis" (Wife is the name of dignity, not bliss).
SH57785. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 1756, BMCRE IV 1161, Cohen 54, SRCV II 5505, VF, weight 24.305 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 164 - 166 A.D.; obverse LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust right; reversePIETAS S C, Pietas standing left, veiled, raising her right hand over flaming altar, perfume-box in left; well centered on a full flan; $320.00 (246.40)
Tripolis, Phoenicia, 189 - 188 B.C.
The Phoenician letters on the reverse may indicate Athar, the original Phoenician name of Tripolis. Attribution to Tripolis is not certain (ANS attributes it to Arados). The inscription and the Dioscuri imagery, are common on the coins of Tripolis. If this type was indeed struck at Tripolis, it is very early for the city and the only known type with a Phoenician inscription. Similar portraits from the period are identified as Laodike IV by Oliver Hoover in "Two Seleucid Notes," AJN 2002, p. 83. The Dioscurireverse particularly is appropriate for her. Laodike's first brother-husband, Antiochus, died in 193 B.C. She then married her second brother-husband, Seleukos IV. Like the Dioscuri, one brother was living, while the other was in heaven.
SH58998. Bronze AE 15, cf. ANS 1944.100.70712 (Arados mint), cf. BMC Phoenicia cxx and pl. XLIII, 9 (Tripolis), Rouvier -, BMC Phoenicia -, SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 3.212 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Tripolis mint, 189 - 188 B.C.; obverse Veiled female bust right (Laodike IV?), within dotted border; reversepilei of the Dioscouri, star above each cap, DKR (SE year 124) above, Phoenician letters between stars and caps, and below; very rare; $280.00 (215.60)
Sabina, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of Hadrian
Ceres a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for Ceres in Roman art and literature.
RB57155. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC II 1019, Cohen 69, F, weight 27.366 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 128 - 134 A.D.; obverseSABINAAVGVSTA HADRAINI AVG P P, diademed and draped bust right; reverse S C, Ceres seated left, grain ears in right, torch in left; scarce; $250.00 (192.50)
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius, Plotinopolis, Thrace
Plotinopolis (modern day Didimochito, Greece) was an important Thracian and Hellenistic town. It was sacked by the Romans in 204 B.C. Trajan created a new city between the two hills surrounding the town and named it Plotinopolis after his wife. Ruins of the town were accidently found during construction in the 1960s. In the 1980s, a solid gold bust of Trajan was found and is now in the museum at Komotini.
RP62383. Bronze AE 23, Varbanov III 1830; SGICV 1728, gVF, weight 7.626 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 225o, Plotinopolis mint, 146 - 176 A.D.; obverseFAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reversePLWTEINOPOLEITWN, Demeter standing left, ears of grain in right, torch in left; attractive green patina; scarce; $250.00 (192.50)
Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
Pudicitia was the personification of modesty and chastity.
RB30704. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC IV 209a, Cohen 55, VF, weight 16.513 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverseMARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reversePVDICITIA AVG S C, Pudicitia seated left, holding scepter, drawing veil from face; $225.00 (173.25)
Plautilla, Augusta 202 - 22 January 205 A.D., Wife of Caracalla
The "eternal harmony" between Caracalla and Plautilla was complete fiction. She and Caracalla hated each other, lived separately, and the marriage was likely never consummated. After the fall and execution of her father, Caracalla's Praetorian Prefect, she was exiled to the Lipari islands and executed in 212 A.D.
SH59964. Silver denarius, RIC IV 361, RSC III 10, VF, weight 3.266 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 202 - 22 Jan 205 A.D.; obverse PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE, draped bust right; reverseCONCORDIA AETERNAE, Caracalla, togate, standing left, clasping hands with Plautilla who stands right; $225.00 (173.25)