, , 191 - 190 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
After Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian . Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own envoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city. The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms - they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4,000 horses annually.
In 190 B.C., Aspendos, which had been under Seleukid rule, surrendered to the Romans.SH59444. Silver , 2901, 1214, 312, VF, 16.227 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 0o, Aspendos mint, 191 - 190 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Seleukid : in a rectangular punch; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, extended in right, long vertical behind in left, wreath above AΣ / KB left (year 22 Era of Aspendos); $240.00 (€211.20)
Kyzikos, , c. 200 - 27 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GB72168. Bronze AE 28, 7355 (with same ); 505 (also with same c/m); 84; p. 40, 167, VF, nice , , nice green , bevelled obv edge, 12.530 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 27 B.C.; of Kore Soteira right, wearing grain wreath; : standing right, wings open in a 7.5mm round punch; tripod with three loop handles, KYZI/KHNWN from upper right, in two flanking downward lines, branch right above, torch left below, outer right, outer left; $185.00 (€162.80)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV , 221 - 204 B.C.
1149 is the same as 1148 but with the addition of the .
Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and .GP72049. Bronze tetrobol, 42 (with c/m); 1149 (same); 211 (same); p. 75, 76 (same, Ptolemy V); 151 (no c/m); 97 (Pt. V), VF, 39.031 g, maximum 38.0 mm, 0o, mint, horned of Zeus right, wearing ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, turned back right, ΣE between eagle's legs, rectangular ; big 38 mm bronze; $180.00 (€158.40)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV, 221 - 204 B.C.
This is also found on 117, 118 and 114; all bronzes from Tyre. Perhaps the was applied under Seleukid hegemony, when Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C.GP72051. Bronze , 1130; 95 (Ptolemy II); p. 53, 65 (Ptolemy III); 56; 156; 48 (Ptolemy II); -, F, some corrosion on the , 29.982 g, maximum 33.2 mm, 0o, , Tyre mint, horned of Zeus right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings closed, club before, ∆I between legs; : ivy leaf in irregular shaped punch; ; $130.00 (€114.40)
Side, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, , most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.GB90296. Bronze AE 18, p. 151, 70 (with same ); 411 (same); 750 ff.; 501; -, VF, unusually broad with full legends, nice green , flattened by countermarking, 2.667 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 0o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; of right, in crested Corinthian helmet; countermarks: facing of , helmeted of right, ΣI∆HTΩN horizontal above; advancing left, holding wreath; wearing long , around waist and left arm, pomegranate in left , ΣI∆H−TΩN horizontal above divided by Nike's ; ex Frascatius ; $120.00 (€105.60)
, , c. 133 - 16 B.C.
When the Pergamene Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.
The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as and tools for healing and fertility. , the son of and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
GB71736. Bronze AE 19, 1815 (with owl ); 2415 (same); p. 129, 161 (same); -; -, F, green , small , right side flattened by counter-marking, crack, 6.107 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 315o, mint, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; laureate of Asklepios right; AΣKΛHΠIOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around , right; : owl standing right with facing, in 6mm round punch; $120.00 (€105.60)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI , 180 - 145 B.C.
The Seleukid was applied for Antiochos IV.SH58536. Bronze AE 26, 1398 (same ), 294 (same ), 152 (no ), VF, desert , 10.742 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 0o, Cypriot mint, c. 176 - 168 BC; diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing on thunderbolt left; lotus to left, EYΛ between legs; : Seleukid .; $110.00 (€96.80)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Berenice II and Ptolemy III, 244 - 221 B.C.
In "The Ptolemaic mint of Ras Ibn Hani," INR 2, pp. 63 - 75, Catherine identifies the mint as Ras Ibn Hani "a Ptolemaic stronghold on the Syrian coast near Lattaqiyah (ancient ad Mare)."GP71897. Bronze , 1056 (Gaza or Joppa), 131 (Gaza), 83 (Uncertain mint), 57, -, -, -, -, F, glossy dark with earthen highlighting, tiny pitting, 3.754 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 0o, uncertain Phoenician mint, 244 - 221 B.C.; BASILISSWS BEPENIKHΣ, diademed and draped of Berenice II right, hair in melon coiffure; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, EY left, two oval countermarks; $105.00 (€92.40)
of Chalkis, Coele , Ptolemaios, 85 - 40 B.C.,
Ptolemaios (also known as Ptolemy I) was succeeded by his son Lysanias, who was put to death by Marc Antony for supporting Mattathias over Herod the Great, the Roman nominee for the Judaean throne. Antony gave the tiny kingdom of Chalkis to as a gift. Attribution of the to is speculative, but the evidence seems to fit. Similar countermarks are known for Antioch, Chalkis, Seleukia and .GB57768. Bronze AE 20, 1441; 7; p. 279, 2; 5896 var; 2134A, aVF, rough, 6.201 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libanos mint, 85 - 40 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; : right in oval punch; ΠTOΛEMAIOY / TETPAPΞOY / AXP (AX ), flying right, above tail; $95.00 (€83.60)
Tarsos, , c. 164 - 37 B.C.
was a Hittite-Babylonian sun, storm, or warrior god, also perhaps associated with agriculture. The Greeks equated with ( ). At Tarsus an annual festival honored Sandan-Herakles, which climaxed when, as depicted on this coin, an image of the god was burned on a funeral pyre.GB72627. Bronze AE 21, cf. 339 (possibly same ); 953 (same) and 952 (same ); p. 180, 106 ff. (various ), aVF, 8.347 g, maximum 21.4 mm, 315o, Tarsos mint, c. 164 - 37 B.C.; veiled and turreted of right; : of within oval punch; TAPΣEΩN, standing right on horned and winged animal, on a garlanded base and within a pyramidal pyre surmounted by an ; $70.00 (€61.60)
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