Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving , Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for Rome (Acts 27:3, 4).GS70326. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; Hoover 10 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), VF, , tiny edge cuts, banker's mark, , bumps and marks, 0.648 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 90o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above, banker's mark or above galley; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin between them; $160.00 (€142.40)
Kyzikos, , c. 200 - 27 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GB72168. Bronze AE 28, 7355 (with same ); 505 (also with same c/m); 84; p. 40, 167, VF, nice , , nice green , bevelled obv edge, 12.530 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 27 B.C.; of Kore Soteira right, wearing grain ; : standing right, wings open in a 7.5mm round punch; tripod with three loop handles, KYZI/KHNWN from upper right, in two flanking downward lines, branch right above, torch left below, outer right, outer left; $145.00 (€129.05)
Kings of , Tarkondimotos, c. 39 - 31 B.C.
Tarkondimotos was made dynast by Pompey and crowned by Marc Antony. He died at the Battle of . The , frequently used in an earlier era by Seleukid kings, is almost certainly post-Actium, perhaps from Antioch.GB75283. Bronze AE 22, 3871, 5682, p. 237, 1 ff., F/aF, green , 8.040 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Hieropolis mint, c. 39 - 31 B.C.; diademed right, : in oval punch; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / TAPKON∆IMO/TOY, Zeus enthroned half left, around hips and legs with end over shoulder, offering extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, ΦIΛANT in ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Side, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, , most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.GB90296. Bronze AE 18, p. 151, 70 (with same ); 411 (same); 750 ff.; 501; -, VF, unusually broad with full legends, nice green , flattened by countermarking, 2.667 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 0o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; of right, in crested Corinthian helmet; countermarks: facing of , helmeted of right, ΣI∆HTΩN horizontal above; advancing left, holding ; wearing long , around waist and left arm, pomegranate in left , ΣI∆H−TΩN horizontal above divided by Nike's ; ex Frascatius ; $95.00 (€84.55)
of Chalkis, Coele , Ptolemaios, 85 - 40 B.C.,
Ptolemaios (also known as Ptolemy I) was succeeded by his son Lysanias, who was put to death by Marc Antony for supporting Mattathias over Herod the Great, the Roman nominee for the Judaean throne. Antony gave the tiny kingdom of Chalkis to as a gift. of the to is speculative, but the evidence seems to fit. Similar countermarks are known for Antioch, Chalkis, Seleukia and .GB57768. Bronze AE 20, 1441; 7; p. 279, 2; 5896 var.; 2134A, aVF, rough, 6.201 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libanos mint, 85 - 40 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; : right in oval punch; ΠTOΛEMAIOY / TETPAPΞOY / AXP (AX ), flying right, above tail; $65.00 (€57.85)
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