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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Denominations>BigBronze PAGE 1/4123»»»

Big Bronze

Large bronze provided the finest canvas for ancient master celators to illustrate their artistry. Superb sestertius and medallions often obtain higher prices than even rare gold coins.


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The wreath on the reverse is the corona civica, the oak wreath awarded to Roman citizens ex senatus consulto (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for Roman emperors to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with Augustus, who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
SH72538. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 37, BMCRE I 38, Cohen 24, BnF II 50, VF, excellent portrait, light reverse scratches, weight 29.339 g, maximum diameter 36.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, laureate head left; reverse S P Q R / P P / OB CIVES / SERVATOS, inscription in four lines within Corona Civica oak wreath; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; rare; $2430.00 (€1822.50)

Didius Julianus, 28 March - 2 June 193 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The Romans believed that Fortuna, after deserting the Persians and Assyrians, took flight over Macedonia and saw Alexander perish as she passed into Egypt and into Syria. At last arriving on Mount Palatine she threw aside her wings and casting away her wheel, entered Rome where she took up her abode forever.
SH70842. Bronze sestertius, RIC IV 15, BMCRE V 25, Cohen 12 (30 Fr.), SRCV II 6076, F, corrosion, weight 21.290 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 28 Mar - 2 Jun 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P COS, Fortuna standing slightly left, head left, rudder on globe held by tiller in right, cornucopia in left, S - C flanking low across field; rare; $900.00 (€675.00)

Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius
Click for a larger photo In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB26685. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 4710, RIC III 1368, BMCRE IV 2198, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTI PII FIL S C, Concordia standing left, patera in extended right, cornucopia in left; $600.00 (€450.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo In 153 A.D., there were minor uprisings in Egypt against Roman rule.
SH90303. Bronze drachm, Dattari / Savio 2824 (same dies), Geissen 1718 (same dies), Kampmann-Ganschow 35.613, Emmet 1650, Milne -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -, VF, rough green patina, edge cracks, weight 23.635 g, maximum diameter 34.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 153 - 28 Aug 154 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head left, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse bust of Serapis right wearing kalathos, eagle standing facing with spread wings below, a star flanking bust on each side, I / L-Z (year 17) flanking eagle below wings; ex CNG auction 237 (21 Jul 2010), lot 239; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; rare; $530.00 (€397.50)

Philip I, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis, Cilicia
Click for a larger photo Aratos was a native of Soli. His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in Ephesus, Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the Antigonus II Gonatas, whose victory over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I Soter but returned to Pella where he died sometime before 240 B.C.

Comes with an old round coin ticket probably from Seaby 1960's or 1970's that references Milne, Numismatic Chronicle 1940, page 247, 40 (Notes on the Oxford Collection. 6, Phrygia to Galatia - Numismatic Chronicle, 5th ser. Vol. 20 (1940), p. 213-254, pls. XII-XIV). We do not hold NC 1940 and cannot verify the reference.
SH58900. Bronze hexassarion, Lindgren I 1605 (same dies); BMC Lycaonia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, SNG Pfδlzer -, gF, weight 12.323 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; obverse AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, Π − Π across field; reverse ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 131) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped bust of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise; extremely rare; $510.00 (€382.50)

Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, 55 - 95 A.D., Struck for Vespasian
Click for a larger photo Julius Marcus Agrippa was a teenager studying in Rome when his father died. He was too young to rule and his father's kingdom was made a Roman province. About 6 years later, he was given the kingdom of his uncle Herod of Chalcis. Later more was added. It was before Herod Agrippa II that Saint Paul was tried. Agrippa sided with the Romans during the Jewish rebellion. Though he continued to rule until at least 95 A.D., the temple was destroyed and in the end his assigned territories were in Syria, not Judaea.
SH90326. Bronze AE 30, RPC II 2283; Meshorer 166; Hendin 1288; AJC II 38, F, weight 15.554 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Panaeas mint, 75 - 76 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Vespasian right; reverse Tyche-Demeter standing left, kalathos on head, two grain ears in extended right, cornucopia in left, star upper left, ETOY − KZ BA / AΓPI−ΠΠA (year 27, King Agrippa) flanking in two lines across field; ex CNG auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 292 and auction 75 (23 May 2007), lot 863.; $450.00 (€337.50)

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A skilled general and administrator, Postumus rebelled against Gallienus, uniting Gaul, Spain and Britain into a Gallic-Roman empire. Successful against the Germans, he kept his empire secure and prosperous. He was assassinated by his own troops after he refused to allow them to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz).
SH66364. Bronze double sestertius, Bastien Postumus 87, RIC 143 (Lugdunum), Cohen 177, VF, weight 13.981 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis or Treveri mint, 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG (AVG in exergue), galley left, four rowers and steersman; $420.00 (€315.00)

Crusaders, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Hetoum I, 1226 - 1270 A.D.
Click for a larger photo As the Mongols approached, King Hetoum made a strategic decision to send his brother Smpad to the Mongol court in Karakorum and agree to become a vassal state of the Mongol Empire. In 1254, Hetoum himself traveled to Mongolia to renew the agreement. The account of his travels, "The Journey of Haithon, King of Little Armenia, To Mongolia and Back" is still important for its observations of Mongol, Buddhist, and Chinese culture, geography, and wildlife. The Mamluks invaded Armenia in 1266, taking 40,000 Armenians captive, including Hetoum's son, Leo. Hetoum abdicated in 1270 in favor of his son Leo, and lived out the rest of his life in a monastery, as a Franciscan monk.
SH65348. Copper tank, Nercessian 356, Bedoukian CCA -, EF, bold strike, superb green patina, weight 7.394 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Sis mint, 1226 - 1270 A.D.; obverse Armenian inscription: Hetoum King of the Armenians, Hetoum seated facing on bench-like throne, fleur-de-lis tipped scepter (mace) in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse Armenian inscription: Struck in the City of Sis, cross with wedges in the angles; superb for the type!; $360.00 (€270.00)

Obulco, Hispania Ulterior, Early 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Iberian is read from right to left. Some Iberian letters combine a consonant and a vowel, as indicated in our description with the use of upper and lower case letters.
CE71005. Copper AE 35, Villaronga-Benages 2185 (R3), Alvarez-Burgos 1779, SNG BM 1405, SNG Lorichs 435 ff., Villaronga 342.8, Choice F, earthen highlighting, weight 31.084 g, maximum diameter 35.4 mm, die axis 45o, Obulco mint, Early 2nd century B.C.; obverse OBVLCO, female head right, hair in a bun behind; reverse plough over stalk of grain left above Iberian inscription: SIBiBoLAI / URKAIL (magistrates' names) in two lines, horizontal line above and below each name; big 35.4 mm 31 gram bronze!; scarce; $350.00 (€262.50)

Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon, 3rd Democracy, 344 - 336 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.
SH71353. Bronze dilitron, Calciati II p. 185, 80; SNG ANS 533 ff.; SNG Morcom 717; SNG Mόnchen 1159; SNG Lloyd 1456; BMC Sicily p. 189, 311; HGC 2 1439 (S) (S), gVF, some corrosion, weight 18.018 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 225o, Syracuse mint, 344 - 336 B.C.; obverse ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left; reverse ΣYPA−K−OΣIO−N (clockwise from 11:00), free horse prancing left; $350.00 (€262.50)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, Zodiac Type - Helios (Sun) in Leo
Click for a larger photo "The Zodiac series issued during year eight of Antoninus Pius is one of the more remarkable iconographic programs in the entire scope of Greek or Roman coinage." -- Keith Emmett, Alexandria Coins, p. 74A
SH58902. Bronze drachm, Milne 1813 - 1814, Geissen 1495 - 1496, Kampmann-Ganschow 35.278, Dattari 2967 var (draped bust); Emmett 1530, gF, river find, weight 21.911 g, maximum diameter 33.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 144 - 28 Aug 145 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head right; reverse radiate and draped bust of Helios facing right and star, above lion running right, L H (year 8) below; big 32mm bronze drachm; $320.00 (€240.00)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Pautalia, Thrace
Click for a larger photo The site of Pautalia (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman baths. In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.
RP63965. Bronze AE 30, Ruzicka 264 (same reverse die), Varbanov II 4653, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, aF, smoothing, weight 26.306 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 180o, Pautalia (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP CEB, laureate head right.; reverse HΓE K AIΛIOY ONEPATOY OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, tetrastyle temple seen in three-quarters perspective, no steps, Apollo-Bonus Eventus standing within, flanked by a tree left and another right; thick sestertius-like flan; rare; $310.00 (€232.50)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Hadrian standing left on the Rostra in the Forum, addressing five citizens with hands raised in acclamation, temple behind with four visible columns, SC in exergue
RB57402. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 640, Cohen 416, BMCRE III 1309 note (refs Cohen), Fair, weight 22.9 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 124 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse COS III, Hadrian standing left on the Rostra in the Forum, addressing five citizens with hands raised in acclamation, temple behind with four visible columns (one to the left of Hadrian), S C in ex; very rare (R2); $300.00 (€225.00)

Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace
Click for a larger photo When the Odrysian kingdom was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became part of the Roman province of Thrace. It was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of Thrace and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Severan Dynasty.
RP68711. Bronze 4 assaria, Varbanov 464 (R5), AMNG II 555, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Lindgren -, aVF, glossy green patina, weight 14.534 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 209 - 212 A.D.; obverse AY K Π CEΠ ΓETAC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OYΛΠIANΩN AΓ−X−IAΛEΩN, Demeter standing left, reaching with right toward serpent coiled around large torch before her, small torch cradled in her left, two small pellets over ∆ in center field; rare; $300.00 (€225.00)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Fortuna Redux, one of the many aspects of Fortuna, was in charge of bringing people home safely, primarily from wars - redux means "coming back" or "returning." She may be one of the later aspects of Fortuna, as the earliest mention of her is of an altar dedicated by the Senate in 19 B.C. for the safe return of the Emperor Augustus.
SH90471. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 541a, BMCRE III 1110, Cohen 751, Cayon II 414 corr. (PART), SRCV II -, VF/F, superb bust, excellent centering, some corrosion, weight 22.695 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 117 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DIVI TRA PARTH F DIVI NER NEP TRAIANO HADRIANO AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse PONT MAX TR POT COS, Fortuna seated left, rudder held in right hand by tiller, cornucopia in left, FORT RED / S C in exergue; scarce; $300.00 (€225.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo This reverse type was apparently only struck for Antoninus Pius in his year two. Milne lists only a single example. Emmett lists it as rarity 5 (only one or two specimens known from the collections he examined).
RX57412. Bronze hemidrachm, Milne 1612, Emmett 1716 (R5), Dattari -, Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, Kampmann-Ganschow -, aF, weight 11.475 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 138 - 28 Aug 139 A.D.; obverse AY TK T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Demeter seated left, veiled, sacrificing from patera in right over altar at feet left, long torch in left, LB (year 2) upper left; extremely rare; $270.00 (€202.50)

Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.
Click for a larger photo  
BZ57476. Bronze follis, DOC I 123a, Hahn MIB 50b, Morrisson BnF 10- 14, Ratto 878 - 880, Wroth BMC 177 - 179, SBCV 372, Choice aEF, weight 12.765 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 574 - 575 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AV, Justin II (on left) and Sophia seated facing on double throne, both nimbate, he holds a globus cruciger, she holds a cruciform scepter, cross above center, wavy line below feet; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and X (year 10), cross above, A below, KYZ (Cyzicus) in ex; $270.00 (€202.50)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Personification of the siege of Sarmizegetusa! In 106 A.D., Trajan besieged Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. With the aid of a Dacian traitor, the Romans found and destroyed water pipes supplying the city. Running out of water and food the city fell and was burned to the ground. Decebalus fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than face capture. The river-god on the reverse is usually described as Tiber, however, the reverse likely personifies the impact of the Roman destruction of the Dacian's water supply. Dacia's own water supply has betrayed her, knocked her to the ground, and is choking her.
SH63939. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 556, BMCRE III 793 note, Cohen 526, aF, weight 20.524 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI S C, River-god, cloak billowing behind, leaning left with right knee on supine Dacia, forcing her to the ground, choking her with his right hand, reeds in left; very scarce; $270.00 (€202.50)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH59538. Bronze drachm, Svoronos 992; Weiser 60 (Ptolemy III, 247 - 243 B.C.); SNG Cop 205; SNG Milan 216, Noeske 147, Hosking 36, BMC Ptolemies p. 74, 71 (Ptolemy V), aVF, weight 73.463 g, maximum diameter 41.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, ΣE monogram between eagle's legs; a massive 73 gram Ptolemaic bronze!; $260.00 (€195.00)

Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB68880. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 203a, Cohen 10, SRCV III 9164, Nice gVF, centered, superb as-found green patina, weight 20.216 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 249 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right, double cornucopia in left, S C in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $250.00 (€187.50)

Roman Republic, Anonymous ROMA Monogram Series, c. 211 - 210 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 211 B.C., Hannibal marched northwards on the city of Rome in a belated and unsuccessful effort to capture the city. Rome faced the danger of famine, caused by Hannibal's forces and the withdrawal of so many men from farming. The situation was only relieved by an urgent appeal by the Romans to the King of Egypt, Ptolemy IV, from whom grain was purchased at three times the usual price.
RR71033. Bronze semis, SRCV I 789, Crawford 84/5, Sydenham 190a, BMCRR Italy 193, VF, weight 16.745 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 315o, southeastern Italy mint, c. 211 - 210 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse prow right, S (mark of value) above, ROMA monogram right, ROMA below; scarce; $250.00 (€187.50)

Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class A3, Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 11 November 1028 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ71336. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class A3; SBCV 1818; Grierson ornaments 40, VF, weight 7.104 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1023 - 11 Nov 1028 A.D.; obverse + EMMANOVHL, facing nimbate bust of Christ, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC; reverse + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings), square above and below legend; $250.00 (€187.50)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Struck under Tiberius
Click for a larger photo Octavian Augustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and military, and embarked on a huge building program across the empire. He died at 77 years, having ruled 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
RB72083. Bronze sestertius, RIC I Tiberius 56, 62 or 68, aF, brown and green patina, rough, scrape on reverse, weight 25.608 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 35 - 36 A.D.; obverse DIVO / AVGVSTO / S P Q R in upper field, statue of Augustus seated left on throne, holding laurel branch and scepter, set on ornate car drawn by four elephants, each with its own mahout; reverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXXVII, large S C, legend around; ex CNG auction 284 (8 Aug 2012), lot 278; ex the R. D. Frederick Collection; $240.00 (€180.00)

Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon, 3rd Democracy, 344 - 336 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.
SH58244. Bronze dilitron, Calciati II p. 185, 80; SNG ANS 533 ff.; SNG Morcom 717; SNG Mόnchen 1159; SNG Lloyd 1456; BMC Sicily p. 189, 311; HGC 2 1439 (S), VF, weight 18.748 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 344 - 336 B.C.; obverse ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left; reverse ΣYPAKOΣION, free horse prancing left; nice green patina; $225.00 (€168.75)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D. she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.
SH65151. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1118, BMCRE IV 1514, Cohen 88, SRCV II 4614, Nice VF, green patina, small patina edge chip on rev, weight 27.399 g, maximum diameter 32.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, pearls in hair and hair in elaborate bun on top; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing facing, veiled head left, torch raised in right hand, stalks of grain downward in left, S - C flanking across field; $225.00 (€168.75)

Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Vesta was originally a household spirit. Later she was personified as the goddess of the hearth and given the stature of her Greek equivalent, Hestia. In the temple of Vesta her flame was kept alive by Vestal Virgins.
SH66879. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 708 (Sev Alex), BMCRE VI 389, Cohen 83, SRCV II 8236, VF, weight 24.538 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 226 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse VESTA S C, Vesta standing left, Palladium in right, long scepter vertical in left; $225.00 (€168.75)

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Ninica Claudiopolis, Cilicia
Click for a larger photo This is only the second example of the type known to Forum. The other is the referenced Righetti coin, which is also listed in RPC Online. Neither our coin, nor the Righetti coin, allow a complete reading of the obverse legend.
RP68956. Bronze AE 29, SNG Righetti 1600, RPC Online 10286 (=Righetti 1600), SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Pfalz -, BMC Lycaonia -, aF, green patina, weight 10.916 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 180o, Ninica Claudiopolis mint, obverse IMP CAE [...]-VS ANTONINVS(?), laureate, draped, and cuirassed(?) bust right; reverse CLAVDIO PO COL AV, Jupiter seated left, thunderbolt in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; 2nd known of this large 29 mm bronze!; extremely rare; $225.00 (€168.75)

Herennius Etruscus, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend dedicates this coin to the Prince of Youth, Herennius Etruscus.
RB71297. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV Decius 171a, Cohen V 28, Banti 6, Hunter III 22, SRCV III 9534, VF, nice style, green patina, squared flan typical of the period, porous, weight 18.254 g, maximum diameter 30.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 250 A.D.; obverse Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, bare-headed, draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Herennius standing left in military dress, rod downward in right, transverse spear in left, S - C flanking low across field; ex Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale 3020 (6 Sep 2012), lot 25767; ex Dale Sigler (Tarzana, CA) Collection; scarce; $225.00 (€168.75)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Svoronos 1149 is the same as Svoronos 1148 but with the addition of the countermark.

Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria.
GP72049. Bronze tetrobol, Hosking 42 (with c/m); Svoronos 1149 (same); SNG Cop 211 (same); BMC p. 75, 76 (same, Ptolemy V); Noeske 151 (no c/m); Weiser 97 (no c/m, Ptolemy V), VF, weight 39.031 g, maximum diameter 38.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head turned back right, ΣE monogram between eagle's legs, rectangular cornucopia countermark; big 38 mm bronze; $225.00 (€168.75)

Great Britain, George III, 1760 - 1820, Modified Into a "Secret" Box
Click for a larger photo Similar boxes made from American silver dollars are sometimes called "Opium Dollars."

In 1797, at the Soho Mint, James Watt and Matthew Boulton used their steam powered presses to strike 450 tons of the new "cartwheel" pennies, at 1 ounce of copper per coin. The penny was found to be too heavy for regular use and was only struck for that single year.
SH72322. Copper penny, SCBC 3777, Choice VF, modified from two coins into a screw top box, weight 15.865 g, maximum diameter 35.9 mm, die axis 225o, Soho mint, 1797; obverse GEORGIUS III D G REX, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse BRITANNIA 1797, Britannia seated left on rocks, olive-branch in right hand, trident in left, Union shield at side, tiny SOHO on rock below, sailing ship on water at a distance on left, diving whale right, waves in exergue; challenging to open; $225.00 (€168.75)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo LIBERALITAS coins commemorate largesses, distributions of money to the people of Rome, usually made upon important events or the return of the emperor after a longer absence. This coin commemorates Antoninus' fourth Liberalitas.
RB72532. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV III 4187, RIC III 774, BMCRE IV 1688, Cohen II 498, gF, porous, weight 23.165 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 145 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P, laureate head right; reverse COS IIII above, LIBERALITAS AVG IIII in exergue, Antoninus Pius seated left on platform, Liberalitas on left holding abacus and cornucopia, officer behind; citizen standing below holding fold of drapery with both hands to receive donation from the emperor. S - C flanking across field; ex Forum (2012); rare; $225.00 (€168.75)

Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. Hercules asked Atlas to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so Atlas could complete the task. Atlas returned but refused take back his burden. Hercules, pretending to enjoy the task, convinced Atlas to hold the world while he made a pad of the lion skin. Hercules then ran away and never took back the task.
RB66844. Silvered follis, RIC VI Alexandria 40, VF, smoothing, die break above Hercules arm, weight 7.477 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, c. 304 - May 305 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing facing, looking left, leaning on club with right, holding apples of Hesperides in left, Nemean lion skin hanging from left elbow, S left, A(?) above arm and P below arm on right, ALE in ex; $220.00 (€165.00)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D. she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.
RB65382. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1606, RIC III 1104 var (veiled bust), Cohen 19 var (same), cf. SRCV II 4606 var (DIVA FAVSTINA), VF, weight 24.562 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, posthumous, c. 147 A.D.; obverse DIVAE FAVSTINAE, draped bust right, strings of pearls in hair and hair in elaborate bun on top; reverse AETERNITAS, Aeternitas seated left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left, S C in exergue; very rare; $215.00 (€161.25)

Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pudicitia was the personification of modesty and chastity.
RB30704. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 209a, Cohen 55, VF, weight 16.513 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse PVDICITIA AVG S C, Pudicitia seated left, holding scepter, drawing veil from face; $200.00 (€150.00)

Byzantine Empire, Anastasius I, 11 April 491 - 1 July 518 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Berk notes, "Thus far, no specimens noted better than Fine." Only the 5th officina is recorded for this type with the M flanked on the left and right by a star with pellet above and below.
BZ57477. Bronze follis, DOC I 23l, Berk 10, Morrisson BnF 83, Ratto 348, Sommer 1.18, Hahn MIB 28b, SBCV 21, Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, F, weight 19.124 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 517 - 518 A.D.; obverse D N ANASTASIVS PP AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, flanked on left and right by a star with pellet above and below, E below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; scarce; $200.00 (€150.00)

Lot of 10 Worn Roman Imperial Sestertii
Click for a larger photo 1) Claudius, legend in wreath, NCAPR countermark.
2) Claudius, Imitative, Spes.
3) Nero, Roma seated.
4) Julia Titi.
5) Divus Marcus Aurelius, Eagle.
6) Commodus, 3 Monetae.
7) Septimius Severus, RIC 719, horseback.
8) Septimius Severus, RIC 706, Fortuna standing.
9) Philip II as Augustus, RIC 267a, emperors on chairs.
10) Volusian, RIC 251, Pax.
LT64559. Orichalcum Lot, Lot of 10 sestertii, Fair to Fine, $200.00 (€150.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RB65292. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2038, SRCV II 4254, Cohen -, F, weight 21.364 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing slightly slightly left, stalks of grain pointed downward in her right over modius overflowing with stalks of grain at feet on left, rudder vertical behind in left resting on prow of galley right, S - C flanking low across field; $200.00 (€150.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 240, the year this coin was struck, a rebellion lead by Sabinianus, the governor of Africa, was defeated in a battle near Carthage.
RB68909. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 293a, Cohen 390, SRCV 8745 var (obv leg), VF, nice portrait, well centered, weight 14.938 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, c. 240 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, helmeted, in military garb, branch in right hand, inverted spear in left, grounded shield on left against right leg, S - C flanking across field; $200.00 (€150.00)

Roman Republic, Anonymous Post-Semilibral Struck Coinage, 215 - 212 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Most specimens from this issue weigh 25 - 35 grams but weights varied greatly, apparently because older coins were overstruck with the closest denomination. Roberto Russo, in Essays Hersh, suggested that semisses issued before 211 B.C. (Crawford 41/6e) cannot be distinguished from the later series issues by weight, but can be identified by the diameter of the beaded border. The earlier issues have a bead border diameter between 28 and 31 mm and the later issue diameters are 26 mm and smaller.
RR69278. Bronze semis, Russo p. 140, 2 and pl. 16, 10 (same dies); McCabe Anonymous A1.Sm.2; cf. Crawford 41/6e; BMCRR I Rome 234; SRCV I 600, aVF, overstruck, nice green patina, weight 18.688 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 215 - 212 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S behind; reverse galley prow right, S above, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This type has been attributed to "Mint II," which is believed to be Cologne, but it is quite crude and could also be imitative. See RIC V, Part II, p. 349, note 1, for comments on imitative of this and similar types.
RB90466. Bronze double sestertius, cf. CNG auction 109, lot 243 (same reverse die); Bastien Postume 313; Mιricourt-l'Abbι Hoard in TM XIII (1992) 95, VF, struck with damaged reverse die, corrosion, weight 9.446 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 90o, Mint II Cologne (or imitative) mint, c. 266 - spring 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse galley right, five oarsmen, AMV above, retrograde P left, Q(?) right, waves over palm frond left below; $200.00 (€150.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 142, Antoninus Pius ordered the construction of the Antonine Wall. When complete the wall ran 39 miles (63 km) from Old Kilpatrick in West Dunbartonshire on the Firth of Clyde to Carriden near Bo'ness on the Firth of Forth (Scotland). The Romans built nineteen forts and smaller fortlets (milecastles), to protect the border against the Caledonians.
RB90470. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1315, Cohen II 819, RIC III 642(a), Strack III 863, SRCV II 4237, aF, weight 22.720 g, maximum diameter 33.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 141 - 143 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG - PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right; reverse TIBERIS, Tiber reclining left, wreathed with reeds, resting right hand on boat on his far side, reeds in left, left arm resting on urn on its side from which water flows, S C in exergue; rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Pergamon and Ephesos
Click for a larger photo Medallion celebrating the alliance between Ephesus and Pergamum.
SH90561. Brass medallion, Franke-Nolle 1546; BMC Mysia -; RPC online -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG BnF -, aF, rough, pitted, varnished, weight 30.353 g, maximum diameter 41.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, strategos P. Aelius Pius, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse AV KAI M AVPH KOMMO∆OC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind, oval countermark (Severan head?); reverse EΠI CTP Π AI ΠIOY KOINON OMONOIA, Asklepios on left, standing slightly right, snake entwined staff in right hand; cult statue of Artemis of Ephesus on left, standing facing, wearing kalathos and veil, arms extended with supports; ΠEPΓAMHNΩN KAI EΦECIΩN in exergue; HUGE 41mm medallion!; very rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
The base of the Antonine Column from Campo Marzio gardens, now in the Vatican Museums garden. Base of the Column of Antoninus Pius

RB72530. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 881, RIC III Marcus Aurelius 1269, Cohen II 354, F, weight 24.408 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, struck under M. Aurelius & Lucius Verus, c. 161; obverse DIVVS - ANTONINVS, bare head right; reverse DIVO PIO, column surmounted by statue of Divus Antoninus Pius standing left on column holding eagle and long scepter, balustrade around large base, S - C flanking across field; $200.00 (€150.00)

Mark Antony and Octavian, Thessalonica, Macedonia, 37 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The reverse inscription abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The bust of Libertas on the obverse "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to Thessalonica in 42 BC after the battle of Philippi (the victory which is celebrated on the reverse)." -- RPC I, p. 29
SH63716. Leaded bronze AE 31, BMC Macedonia p. 115, 63; RPC I 1551; Sear Imperators 672; SNG Cop 374; SNG ANS 823, F, weight 18.710 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 37 B.C.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; reverse M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right, palm frond in left; $195.00 (€146.25)

Agrippina Senior, died 33 A.D., Wife of Germanicus, Mother of Caligula and Agrippa Jr.
Click for a larger photo Wife of Germanicus, mother of Caligula and Agrippina Jr., mother-in-law and sister-in-law of Claudius, and grandmother of Nero. She was born in 14 B.C, daughter of Julia and Agrippa. She married Germanicus and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns. She was banished by Tiberius in 29 A.D. and died of starvation four years later.
RB72090. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I Claudius 102, BMCRE I Claudius p. 194, 219; BnF II Claudius 236; Cohen I 3; von Kaenel Type 78, aF, areas of corrosion, bumps, scrapes, weight 30.169 g, maximum diameter 35.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, issued by Claudius, 42 A.D.; obverse AGRIPPINA M F GERMANICI CAESARIS, draped bust right; reverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, legend around large S C; $195.00 (€146.25)

Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Juno was the patron deity of Trebonianus Gallus.
SH66386. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 110a corr. (peacock), Banti 14 corr. (same), Cohen 50, VF, nice patina, attractive style, weight 13.008 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse IVNONI MARTIALIS, Shrine of Juno Martialis: domed, distyle rotunda with Corinthian columns, garlands hanging below dome; statue of Juno seated facing within holding two stalks of grain in extended right; ex Triskeles Auction, lot 164, auction 2 (25 Apr 2013); $190.00 (€142.50)

Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 608, A.D., Heraclius the Elder, exarch of Africa, and his son (also named Heraclius) revolted against Phocas, whose regime in Constantinople had become unpopular and violent. Syria and Palaestina Prima joined the revolt. On 4 October 610, Heraclius arrived at Constantinople with his fleet. Phocas was killed by a mob on the following day.
BZ67758. Bronze follis, DOC II part 1, 73a; Wroth BMC 90; Tolstoi 77; Ratto 1237; Morrisson BnF 6, Hahn MIB 76, SBCV 665, VF, weight 10.550 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 607 - 608 A.D.; obverse D N FOCA PERP AVΓ, bust facing, wearing crown with pendilia and consular robes, mappa in right, cross in left, small cross in left field; reverse XXXX (40 nummi), ANNO above, G (year 6) right, KYZA (Cyzicus, 1st officina) in exergue; $190.00 (€142.50)

Syracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
GB67651. Bronze AE 28, SNG Cop 840; Calciati II p. 382, 195 R1 31 var (ΣΩ); SNG ANS 952 var (same); BMC Sicily p. 217, 593 var (Σς); SGCV I 1221, VF, green patina, weight 16.650 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 225o, Syracuse mint, c. 275 - 215 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Hieron left, beardless; reverse horseman prancing right, holding couched spear, ΣI lower right, IEPΩNOΣ in exergue; $190.00 (€142.50)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB90829. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 171a, Cohen 51, gVF, Tiber patina, superb portrait, grainy, edge cracks, tight flan, edge clip at 12:00 (pre-strike to adjust flan weight?), weight 13.589 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES EXERCITVS, four legionary standards, second from left signum militaria with hand on top, third an aquila, S C in exergue; $185.00 (€138.75)

Great Britain, George III, 1760 - 1820, Modified Into a "Secret" Box
Click for a larger photo Similar boxes made from American silver dollars are sometimes called "Opium Dollars."

In 1797, at the Soho Mint, James Watt and Matthew Boulton used their steam powered presses to strike 50 tons of the new "cartwheel" twopence, at 2 ounces of copper per coin. The twopence was found to be too heavy for regular use and was only struck for that single year.
SH72321. Copper twopence, SCBC 3776, aVF, modified from two coins into a screw top box, weight 15.865 g, maximum diameter 35.93 mm, die axis 135o, Soho mint, 1797; obverse GEORGIUS III D G REX, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse BRITANNIA 1797, Britannia seated left on rocks, olive-branch in right hand, trident in left, Union shield at side, tiny SOHO on rock below, sailing ship on water at a distance on left, diving whale right, waves in exergue; $185.00 (€138.75)



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