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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Denominations>BigBronze PAGE 1/4123»»»

Big Bronze

Large bronze provided the finest canvas for ancient master celators to illustrate their artistry. Superb sestertius and medallions often obtain higher prices than even rare gold coins.


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The only other example of this type known to Forum is the referenced British Museum specimen, a P. Tinchang Gift, 1930. We were unable to find any examples in recent sales or online.
RB68906. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 514, RIC III 372 var (obv leg ends AVG PIVS), Cayon 376 var (same), Cohen -, SRCV II -, www -, VF, nice patina, minor scratches and corrosion, weight 23.458 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Jan - 9 Dec 183 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse TR P VIII IMP VI COS IIII P P, Fortuna standing facing, head left, rudder on globe in right, cornucopia in left, S - C flanking across field; perhaps only the 2nd known; extremely rare; $800.00 (€600.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coins.
SH65393. Bronze octobol, Svoronos 446; Weiser 19; BMC Ptolemies p. 37, 158; SNG Cop 142; Noeske 64; Hosking 13; Malter 67, VF, weight 93.293 g, maximum diameter 45.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head turned back right, E between legs; $750.00 (€562.50)

Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius
Click for a larger photo In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB26685. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 4710, RIC III 1368, BMCRE IV 2198, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTI PII FIL S C, Concordia standing left, patera in extended right, cornucopia in left; $600.00 (€450.00)

Philip I, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis, Cilicia
Click for a larger photo Aratos was a native of Soli. His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in Ephesus, Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the Antigonus II Gonatas, whose victory over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I Soter but returned to Pella where he died sometime before 240 B.C.

Comes with an old round coin ticket probably from Seaby 1960's or 1970's that references Milne, Numismatic Chronicle 1940, page 247, 40 (Notes on the Oxford Collection. 6, Phrygia to Galatia - Numismatic Chronicle, 5th ser. Vol. 20 (1940), p. 213-254, pls. XII-XIV). We do not hold NC 1940 and cannot verify the reference.
SH58900. Bronze hexassarion, Lindgren I 1605 (same dies); BMC Lycaonia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, SNG Pfδlzer -, gF, weight 12.323 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; obverse AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, Π − Π across field; reverse ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 131) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped bust of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise; extremely rare; $570.00 (€427.50)

Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
Click for a larger photo Lucilla was the daughter of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina II. She was married to the co-emperor Lucius Verus at age 15 and bore him several children. She was exiled then executed after being implicated in a plot to assassinate her brother Commodus.
SH69929. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1747, Cohen 37, BMCRE 1154, Banti III 18, SRCV II 5504, VF, weight 29.187 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, c. 166 A.D.; obverse LVCILLAE AVG M ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust right; reverse IVNONI - LVCINAE, Juno seated left on throne with back, feet on footstool, flower in right, swaddled child cradled in left arm, S C in exergue; big attractive bronze!; $500.00 (€375.00) ON RESERVE

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A skilled general and administrator, Postumus rebelled against Gallienus, uniting Gaul, Spain and Britain into a Gallic-Roman empire. Successful against the Germans, he kept his empire secure and prosperous. He was assassinated by his own troops after he refused to allow them to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz).
SH66364. Bronze double sestertius, Bastien Postumus 87, RIC 143 (Lugdunum), Cohen 177, VF, weight 13.981 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis or Treveri mint, 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG (AVG in exergue), galley left, four rowers and steersman; $470.00 (€352.50)

Crusaders, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Hetoum I, 1226 - 1270 A.D.
Click for a larger photo As the Mongols approached, King Hetoum made a strategic decision to send his brother Smpad to the Mongol court in Karakorum and agree to become a vassal state of the Mongol Empire. In 1254, Hetoum himself traveled to Mongolia to renew the agreement. The account of his travels, "The Journey of Haithon, King of Little Armenia, To Mongolia and Back" is still important for its observations of Mongol, Buddhist, and Chinese culture, geography, and wildlife. The Mamluks invaded Armenia in 1266, taking 40,000 Armenians captive, including Hetoum's son, Leo. Hetoum abdicated in 1270 in favor of his son Leo, and lived out the rest of his life in a monastery, as a Franciscan monk.
SH65348. Copper tank, Nercessian 356, Bedoukian CCA -, EF, bold strike, superb green patina, weight 7.394 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Sis mint, 1226 - 1270 A.D.; obverse Armenian inscription: Hetoum King of the Armenians, Hetoum seated facing on bench-like throne, fleur-de-lis tipped scepter (mace) in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse Armenian inscription: Struck in the City of Sis, cross with wedges in the angles; superb for the type!; $400.00 (€300.00)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Hadrian standing left on the Rostra in the Forum, addressing five citizens with hands raised in acclamation, temple behind with four visible columns, SC in exergue
RB57402. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 640, Cohen 416, BMCRE III 1309 note (refs Cohen), Fair, weight 22.9 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 124 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse COS III, Hadrian standing left on the Rostra in the Forum, addressing five citizens with hands raised in acclamation, temple behind with four visible columns (one to the left of Hadrian), S C in ex; very rare (R2); $370.00 (€277.50)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, Zodiac Type - Helios (Sun) in Leo
Click for a larger photo "The Zodiac series issued during year eight of Antoninus Pius is one of the more remarkable iconographic programs in the entire scope of Greek or Roman coinage." -- Keith Emmett, Alexandria Coins, p. 74A
SH58902. Bronze drachm, Milne 1813 - 1814, Geissen 1495 - 1496, Kampmann-Ganschow 35.278, Dattari 2967 var (draped bust); Emmett 1530, gF, river find, weight 21.911 g, maximum diameter 33.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 144 - 28 Aug 145 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head right; reverse radiate and draped bust of Helios facing right and star, above lion running right, L H (year 8) below; big 32mm bronze drachm; $360.00 (€270.00)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Pautalia, Thrace
Click for a larger photo The site of Pautalia (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman baths. In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.
RP63965. Bronze AE 30, Ruzicka 264 (same reverse die), Varbanov II 4653, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, aF, smoothing, weight 26.306 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 180o, Pautalia mint, obverse AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP CEB, laureate head right.; reverse HΓE K AIΛIOY ONEPATOY OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, tetrastyle temple seen in three-quarters perspective, no steps, Apollo-Bonus Eventus standing within, flanked by a tree left and another right; thick sestertius-like flan; rare; $350.00 (€262.50)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo This reverse type was apparently only struck for Antoninus Pius in his year two. Milne lists only a single example. Emmett lists it as rarity 5 (only one or two specimens known from the collections he examined).
RX57412. Bronze hemidrachm, Milne 1612, Emmett 1716 (R5), Dattari -, Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, Kampmann-Ganschow -, aF, weight 11.475 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 138 - 28 Aug 139 A.D.; obverse AY TK T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Demeter seated left, veiled, sacrificing from patera in right over altar at feet left, long torch in left, LB (year 2) upper left; extremely rare; $300.00 (€225.00)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Personification of the siege of Sarmizegetusa! In 106 A.D., Trajan besieged Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. With the aid of a Dacian traitor, the Romans found and destroyed water pipes supplying the city. Running out of water and food the city fell and was burned to the ground. Decebalus fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than face capture. The river-god on the reverse is usually described as Tiber, however, the reverse likely personifies the impact of the Roman destruction of the Dacian's water supply. Dacia's own water supply has betrayed her, knocked her to the ground, and is choking her.
SH63939. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 556, BMCRE III 793 note, Cohen 526, aF, weight 20.524 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI S C, River-god, cloak billowing behind, leaning left with right knee on supine Dacia, forcing her to the ground, choking her with his right hand, reeds in left; very scarce; $300.00 (€225.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH59538. Bronze drachm, Svoronos 992; Weiser 60 (Ptolemy III, 247 - 243 B.C.); SNG Cop 205; SNG Milan 216, Noeske 147, Hosking 36, BMC Ptolemies p. 74, 71 (Ptolemy V), aVF, weight 73.463 g, maximum diameter 41.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, ΣE monogram between eagle's legs; a massive 73 gram Ptolemaic bronze!; $290.00 (€217.50)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 226, a merchant from the Roman Empire called "Qin Lun" by the Chinese, arrived in Jiaozhi (modern Hanoi) and was taken to see Sun Quan, king of Eastern Wu, who requested a report on his native country and people. He was given an escort for the return trip including a gift of ten male and ten female "blackish-colored dwarfs." However, the officer in charge of the Chinese escort died and Qin Lun had to continue his journey home alone.
RB68064. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 7984, RIC IV 592, BMCRE VI 369, VF, superb portrait, double struck reverse, weight 18.994 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 226 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse PAX AVGVSTI, Pax advancing left, branch in right, scepter in left, S - C across fields; $280.00 (€210.00)

Maximus, Caesar, 235 or 236 - 24 June 238 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A.D. 238 was the year of six emperors. Maximinus Thrax was killed (along with his son Maximus Caesar) when his soldiers mutinied. Gordian II was killed in battle. Gordian I hanged himself. Pupienus was lynched by his bodyguard. Balbinus was beaten and dragged naked through the streets of Rome before being killed by the Praetorians. Gordian III lived to become sole emperor.
RB65385. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 13, BMCRE V 213, Cohen 14, VF, weight 22.170 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, early 236 - April 238 A.D.; obverse MAXIMVS CAES GERM, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS S C, Maximus standing left, scepter in right, transverse spear in left, two military standards behind; scarce; $270.00 (€202.50)

Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
Click for a larger photo For Roman wives, piety often meant accepting neglect. It was not considered adultery for a Roman husband to have sex with slaves or unmarried women. The historian Spartianus wrote that after Lucilla complained, Lucius Verus reproached her: "Uxor enim dignitatis nomen est, non voluptatis" (Wife is the name of dignity, not bliss).
SH57785. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1756, BMCRE IV 1161, Cohen 54, SRCV II 5505, VF, weight 24.305 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 164 - 166 A.D.; obverse LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust right; reverse PIETAS S C, Pietas standing left, veiled, raising her right hand over flaming altar, perfume-box in left; well centered on a full flan; $250.00 (€187.50)

Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon, 3rd Democracy, 344 - 336 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.
SH58244. Bronze dilitron, Calciati II, p. 185, 80; SNG ANS 533 ff.; SNG Morcom 717; SNG Mόnchen 1159, VF, weight 18.748 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 344 - 336 B.C.; obverse ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left; reverse ΣYPAKOΣION, free horse prancing left; nice green patina; $250.00 (€187.50)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D. she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.
SH65151. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1118, BMCRE IV 1514, Cohen 88, SRCV II 4614, Nice VF, green patina, small patina edge chip on rev, weight 27.399 g, maximum diameter 32.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, pearls in hair and hair in elaborate bun on top; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing facing, veiled head left, torch raised in right, stalks of grain downward in left, S - C flanking across field; $250.00 (€187.50)

Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Vesta was originally a household spirit. Later she was personified as the goddess of the hearth and given the stature of her Greek equivalent, Hestia. In the temple of Vesta her flame was kept alive by Vestal Virgins.
SH66879. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 708 (Sev Alex), BMCRE VI 389, Cohen 83, SRCV II 8236, VF, weight 24.538 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 226 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse VESTA S C, Vesta standing left, Palladium in right, long scepter vertical in left; $250.00 (€187.50)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Click for a larger photo An interesting historical type commemorating the defeat of Parthia and the investiture of the puppet king Parthamastes by Trajan. His reign was short because the Roman army soon withdrew and Trajan died the following year.
RB68691. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 3191, RIC II 667, BMCRE III 1046, aF, weak legends, weight 24.837 g, maximum diameter 34.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 116 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse REX PARTHIS DATVS (a king given to the Parthians), Trajan seated left on platform, placing diadem on head of king Parthamaspates, officer standing behind the emperor, Parthia kneeling in supplication before; scarce; $250.00 (€187.50)

Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB68880. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 203a, Cohen 10, SRCV III 9164, Nice gVF, centered, superb as-found green patina, weight 20.216 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 249 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right, double cornucopia in left, S C in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $250.00 (€187.50)

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Ninica Claudiopolis, Cilicia
Click for a larger photo This is only the second example of the type known to Forum. The other is the referenced Righetti coin, which is also listed in RPC Online. Neither our coin, nor the Righetti coin, allow a complete reading of the obverse legend.
RP68956. Bronze AE 29, SNG Righetti 1600, RPC Online 10286 (=Righetti 1600), SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Pfalz -, BMC Lycaonia -, aF, green patina, weight 10.916 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 180o, Ninica Claudiopolis mint, obverse IMP CAE [...]-VS ANTONINVS(?), laureate, draped, and cuirassed(?) bust right; reverse CLAVDIO PO COL AV, Jupiter seated left, thunderbolt in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; 2nd known of this large 29 mm bronze!; extremely rare; $250.00 (€187.50)

Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Koinon of Cyprus
Click for a larger photo A protocontorniate is a normal, large bronze coin, typically a sestertius, which was altered in antiquity by an individual hammering the edge to create raised rims. A common assumption is that protocontorniates were used as game counters. Andreas Alfφldi argued that protocontorniates were New Year's gifts in the fourth century before proper contorniates were struck at the Rome mint.
SH68986. Bronze Protocontorniate, RPC Online 5042; BMC Cyprus p. 84, 47; SNG Cop 87; Tziambazis 27; SGICV 1523, F, rim chip, porous, weight 21.941 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 180o, Cypriot mint, 141 - 161 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆PI ANTΩNINOC CEB E, laureate head of Antoninus Pius right; reverse M AYPHΛIOC KAICAP YIOC CE&#88;&#69;&#66;&#65;&#60;EBAC (no breaks), bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Marcus Aurelius with a short beard right; $250.00 (€187.50)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D. she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.
RB65382. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1606, RIC III 1104 var (veiled bust), Cohen 19 var (same), cf. SRCV II 4606 var (DIVA FAVSTINA), VF, weight 24.562 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, posthumous, c. 147 A.D.; obverse DIVAE FAVSTINAE, draped bust right, strings of pearls in hair and hair in elaborate bun on top; reverse AETERNITAS, Aeternitas seated left, Phoenix on globe in right, transverse scepter in left, S C in exergue; very rare; $240.00 (€180.00)

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A decursio was a military exercise, by which Roman soldiers were taught to make long marches in a given time, under arms and without quitting their ranks. They sometimes consisted of a mock fight between two divisions. Augustus and subsequently Hadrian ordered that the infantry and cavalry were to march out three times a month ten miles from the camp and ten miles back, fully armed and equipped. The decursio this coin probably refers Nero's participation in mock military maneuvers in the circus.
SH67778. Orichalcum sestertius, cf. RIC 169, BMCRE I 146, MacDowell WCN 89 (no aegis may indicate an Balkan mint variety not listed in the refs), F, river-find corrosion, cleaning scratches, smoothing, possibly some tooling, weight 25.573 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 45o, Rome or Balkan mint, c. 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, laureate bust right; reverse DECVRSIO (in exergue), Nero and a companion on horseback prancing right, Nero holds spear in right, companion holds vexillum in right over shoulder, S - C flanking high across field; damaged by amateur cleaning but nice examples can be 10x the price; rare; $240.00 (€180.00)

Anastasius I, 11 April 491 - 1 July 518 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Berk notes, "Thus far, no specimens noted better than Fine." Only officina E is noted for this type with the M flanked on the left and right by a star with pellet above and below.
BZ57477. Bronze follis, DOC I 23l, Hahn MIB 28b, Morrisson BN 83, SBCV 21, Ratto 348, Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, F, weight 19.124 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, 498 - 518 A.D.; obverse D N ANASTASIVS PP AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M, cross above, flanked on left and right by a star with pellet above and below, E below, CON in ex; scarce; $225.00 (€168.75)

Lot of 10 Worn Roman Imperial Sestertii
Click for a larger photo 1) Claudius, legend in wreath, NCAPR countermark.
2) Claudius, Imitative, Spes.
3) Nero, Roma seated.
4) Julia Titi.
5) Divus Marcus Aurelius, Eagle.
6) Commodus, 3 Monetae.
7) Septimius Severus, RIC 719, horseback.
8) Septimius Severus, RIC 706, Fortuna standing.
9) Philip II as Augustus, RIC 267a, emperors on chairs.
10) Volusian, RIC 251, Pax.
LT64559. Orichalcum sestertius, Lot of 10 sestertii, Fair to Fine, $225.00 (€168.75)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RB65292. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2038, SRCV II 4254, Cohen -, F, weight 21.364 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing slightly slightly left, stalks of grain pointed downward in her right over modius overflowing with stalks of grain at feet on left, rudder vertical behind in left resting on prow of galley right, S - C flanking low across field; $225.00 (€168.75)

Mark Antony and Octavian, Thessalonica, Macedonia, 37 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The reverse inscription abbreviates, M (no breaks), bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Marcus Aurelius with a short beard right; $250.00 (€187.50)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D. she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.
RB65382. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1606, RIC III 1104 var (veiled bust), Cohen 19 var (same), cf. SRCV II 4606 var (DIVA FAVSTINA), VF, weight 24.562 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, posthumous, c. 147 A.D.; obverse DIVAE FAVSTINAE, draped bust right, strings of pearls in hair and hair in elaborate bun on top; reverse AETERNITAS, Aeternitas seated left, Phoenix on globe in right, transverse scepter in left, S C in exergue; very rare; $240.00 (€180.00)

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A decursio was a military exercise, by which Roman soldiers were taught to make long marches in a given time, under arms and without quitting their ranks. They sometimes consisted of a mock fight between two divisions. Augustus and subsequently Hadrian ordered that the infantry and cavalry were to march out three times a month ten miles from the camp and ten miles back, fully armed and equipped. The decursio this coin probably refers Nero's participation in mock military maneuvers in the circus.
SH67778. Orichalcum sestertius, cf. RIC 169, BMCRE I 146, MacDowell WCN 89 (no aegis may indicate an Balkan mint variety not listed in the refs), F, river-find corrosion, cleaning scratches, smoothing, possibly some tooling, weight 25.573 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 45o, Rome or Balkan mint, c. 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, laureate bust right; reverse DECVRSIO (in exergue), Nero and a companion on horseback prancing right, Nero holds spear in right, companion holds vexillum in right over shoulder, S - C flanking high across field; damaged by amateur cleaning but nice examples can be 10x the price; rare; $240.00 (€180.00)

Anastasius I, 11 April 491 - 1 July 518 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Berk notes, "Thus far, no specimens noted better than Fine." Only officina E is noted for this type with the M flanked on the left and right by a star with pellet above and below.
BZ57477. Bronze follis, DOC I 23l, Hahn MIB 28b, Morrisson BN 83, SBCV 21, Ratto 348, Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, F, weight 19.124 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, 498 - 518 A.D.; obverse D N ANASTASIVS PP AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M, cross above, flanked on left and right by a star with pellet above and below, E below, CON in ex; scarce; $225.00 (€168.75)

Lot of 10 Worn Roman Imperial Sestertii
Click for a larger photo 1) Claudius, legend in wreath, NCAPR countermark.
2) Claudius, Imitative, Spes.
3) Nero, Roma seated.
4) Julia Titi.
5) Divus Marcus Aurelius, Eagle.
6) Commodus, 3 Monetae.
7) Septimius Severus, RIC 719, horseback.
8) Septimius Severus, RIC 706, Fortuna standing.
9) Philip II as Augustus, RIC 267a, emperors on chairs.
10) Volusian, RIC 251, Pax.
LT64559. Orichalcum sestertius, Lot of 10 sestertii, Fair to Fine, $225.00 (€168.75)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RB65292. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2038, SRCV II 4254, Cohen -, F, weight 21.364 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing slightly slightly left, stalks of grain pointed downward in her right over modius overflowing with stalks of grain at feet on left, rudder vertical behind in left resting on prow of galley right, S - C flanking low across field; $225.00 (€168.75)

Mark Antony and Octavian, Thessalonica, Macedonia, 37 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The reverse inscription abbreviates, MARK breaks), bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Marcus Aurelius with a short beard right; $250.00 (€187.50)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D. she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.
RB65382. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1606, RIC III 1104 var (veiled bust), Cohen 19 var (same), cf. SRCV II 4606 var (DIVA FAVSTINA), VF, weight 24.562 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, posthumous, c. 147 A.D.; obverse DIVAE FAVSTINAE, draped bust right, strings of pearls in hair and hair in elaborate bun on top; reverse AETERNITAS, Aeternitas seated left, Phoenix on globe in right, transverse scepter in left, S C in exergue; very rare; $240.00 (€180.00)

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A decursio was a military exercise, by which Roman soldiers were taught to make long marches in a given time, under arms and without quitting their ranks. They sometimes consisted of a mock fight between two divisions. Augustus and subsequently Hadrian ordered that the infantry and cavalry were to march out three times a month ten miles from the camp and ten miles back, fully armed and equipped. The decursio this coin probably refers Nero's participation in mock military maneuvers in the circus.
SH67778. Orichalcum sestertius, cf. RIC 169, BMCRE I 146, MacDowell WCN 89 (no aegis may indicate an Balkan mint variety not listed in the refs), F, river-find corrosion, cleaning scratches, smoothing, possibly some tooling, weight 25.573 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 45o, Rome or Balkan mint, c. 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, laureate bust right; reverse DECVRSIO (in exergue), Nero and a companion on horseback prancing right, Nero holds spear in right, companion holds vexillum in right over shoulder, S - C flanking high across field; damaged by amateur cleaning but nice examples can be 10x the price; rare; $240.00 (€180.00)

Anastasius I, 11 April 491 - 1 July 518 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Berk notes, "Thus far, no specimens noted better than Fine." Only officina E is noted for this type with the M flanked on the left and right by a star with pellet above and below.
BZ57477. Bronze follis, DOC I 23l, Hahn MIB 28b, Morrisson BN 83, SBCV 21, Ratto 348, Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, F, weight 19.124 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, 498 - 518 A.D.; obverse D N ANASTASIVS PP AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M, cross above, flanked on left and right by a star with pellet above and below, E below, CON in ex; scarce; $225.00 (€168.75)

Lot of 10 Worn Roman Imperial Sestertii
Click for a larger photo 1) Claudius, legend in wreath, NCAPR countermark.
2) Claudius, Imitative, Spes.
3) Nero, Roma seated.
4) Julia Titi.
5) Divus Marcus Aurelius, Eagle.
6) Commodus, 3 Monetae.
7) Septimius Severus, RIC 719, horseback.
8) Septimius Severus, RIC 706, Fortuna standing.
9) Philip II as Augustus, RIC 267a, emperors on chairs.
10) Volusian, RIC 251, Pax.
LT64559. Orichalcum sestertius, Lot of 10 sestertii, Fair to Fine, $225.00 (€168.75)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RB65292. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2038, SRCV II 4254, Cohen -, F, weight 21.364 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing slightly slightly left, stalks of grain pointed downward in her right over modius overflowing with stalks of grain at feet on left, rudder vertical behind in left resting on prow of galley right, S - C flanking low across field; $225.00 (€168.75)

Mark Antony and Octavian, Thessalonica, Macedonia, 37 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The reverse inscription abbreviates, MARKOS ANTWNIONS AUTOKRATWR GAIOS KAISAR AUTOKRATWR. The bust of Libertas on the obverse "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to Thessalonica in 42 BC after the battle of Philippi (the victory which is celebrated on the reverse)." -- RPC I, p. 29
SH63716. Leaded bronze AE 31, BMC Macedonia p. 115, 63; RPC I 1551; Sear Imperators 672; SNG Cop 374; SNG ANS 823, F, weight 18.710 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 37 B.C.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; reverse M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right, palm frond in left; $220.00 (€165.00)

Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. Hercules asked Atlas to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so Atlas could complete the task. Atlas returned but refused take back his burden. Hercules, pretending to enjoy the task, convinced Atlas to hold the world while he made a pad of the lion skin. Hercules then ran away and never took back the task.
RB66844. Silvered follis, RIC VI 40, VF, smoothing, die break above Hercules arm, weight 7.477 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, c. 304 - May 305 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing facing, looking left, leaning on club with right, holding apples of Hesperides in left, Nemean lion skin hanging from left elbow, S left, A(?) above arm and P below arm on right, ALE in ex; $220.00 (€165.00)

Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 608, A.D., Heraclius the Elder, exarch of Africa, and his son (also named Heraclius) revolted against Phocas, whose regime in Constantinople had become unpopular and violent. Syria and Palaestina Prima joined the revolt. On 4 October 610, Heraclius arrived at Constantinople with his fleet. Phocas was killed by a mob on the following day.
BZ67758. Bronze follis, DOC II part 1, 73a; Wroth BMC 90; Tolstoi 77; Ratto 1237; Morrisson BN 6, Hahn MIB 76, SBCV 665, VF, weight 10.550 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus mint, 607 - 608 A.D.; obverse D N FOCA PER AVΓ, bust facing, wearing crown with pendilia and consular robes, mappa in right, cross in left; reverse XXXX (40 nummi), ANNO above, G (year 6) right, KYZA in exergue; $220.00 (€165.00)

Roman Republic, Sextus Pompey, Younger Son of Pompey the Great, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.) and executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.
SH67779. Bronze as, Crawford 479/1, Sydenham 1044, RPC I 671, Sear Imperators 366, F, weight 22.012 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 45o, Sicilian mint, 43 - 36 B.C.; obverse MAGN (above, MA ligate), laureate head of Janus with the features of Cn. Pompeius Magnus; reverse prow of galley right, PIVS above, IMP below; $220.00 (€165.00)

Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Juno was the patron deity of Trebonianus Gallus.
SH66386. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 110a corr. (peacock), Banti 14 corr. (same), Cohen 50, VF, nice patina, attractive style, weight 13.008 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse IVNONI MARTIALIS, Shrine of Juno Martialis: domed, distyle rotunda with Corinthian columns, garlands hanging below dome; statue of Juno seated facing within holding two stalks of grain in extended right; ex Triskeles Auction, lot 164, auction 2 (25 Apr 2013); $215.00 (€161.25)

Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pudicitia was the personification of modesty and chastity.
RB30704. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 209a, Cohen 55, VF, weight 16.513 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse PVDICITIA AVG S C, Pudicitia seated left, holding scepter, drawing veil from face; $200.00 (€150.00)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 224, King Ardashir I defeated Artabanus IV at Hormizdegan (modern Shushtar), destroying the Parthian Empire and establishing the Sassanid dynasty. Artabanus's brother Vologases VI continued to rule with Armenian and Kushan support over outlying parts of Parthia.
SH56934. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE VI 204 var (S - C outer fields and lower); RIC IV 587 var (anvil not mentioned); Cohen -, cf. 179 (MONETA AVG), aVF, nice green patina, weight 19.148 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 224 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MONETA AVGVSTI, S - C, Moneta standing half left, scales in right held over die anvil at feet on left, cornucopia in left; rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
GP57265. Bronze drachm, Svoronos 1125, SNG Cop 199, Weiser 49 (Ptolemy II, 253 - 249 B.C.), F, weight 69.576 g, maximum diameter 42.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, ∆I between eagle's legs; a massive 69 gram Ptolemaic bronze!; $200.00 (€150.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH59450. Bronze AE 40, Svoronos 974 (Ptolemy III), SNG Cop 224 - 226, Weiser 91 - 92, Noeske 155 ff., aVF, weight 43.507 g, maximum diameter 39.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing half left on fulmen, wings closed, head right, filleted cornucopia right ascending from behind shoulder, E between legs; huge 43 gram bronze; $200.00 (€150.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH59592. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 974 (Ptolemy III), SNG Cop 224 - 226, Weiser 91 - 92, Noeske 155 ff., VF, weight 46.376 g, maximum diameter 37.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing half left on fulmen, wings closed, head right, filleted cornucopia right ascending from behind shoulder, E between legs; huge 46 gram bronze; $200.00 (€150.00)

Herennia Etruscilla, Augusta July 249 - April/August 253 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 250 the Plague of Cyprian, a pandemic probably smallpox, began. It was still raging in 270, when it claimed the life of emperor Claudius II Gothicus. At the height of the outbreak, 5,000 people a day were said to be dying in Rome. The plague caused widespread manpower shortages in agriculture and the Roman army.
RB68394. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 136b, Cohen 22, VF, light scratches, weight 16.030 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse HERENNIA ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse PVDICITIA AVG S C, Pudicitia (modesty) seated left, drawing veil with right, transverse scepter in left; $200.00 (€150.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 240, the year this coin was struck, a rebellion lead by Sabinianus, the governor of Africa, was defeated in a battle near Carthage.
RB68909. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 293a, Cohen 390, SRCV 8745 var (obv leg), VF, nice portrait, well centered, weight 14.938 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, c. 240 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, helmeted, in military garb, branch in right, inverted spear in left, grounded shield on left against right leg, S - C flanking across field; $200.00 (€150.00)

Roman Republic, Anonymous Post-Semilibral Struck Coinage, 215 - 212 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Most specimens from this issue weigh 25 - 35 grams but weights varied greatly, apparently because older coins were overstruck with the closest denomination. Roberto Russo, in Essays Hersh, suggested that semisses issued before 211 B.C. (Crawford 41/6e) cannot be distinguished from the later series issues by weight, but can be identified by the diameter of the beaded border. The earlier issues have a bead border diameter between 28 and 31 mm and the later issue diameters are 26 mm and smaller.
RR69278. Bronze semis, Russo p. 140, 2 and pl. 16, 10 (same dies); McCabe Anonymous A1.Sm.2; cf. Crawford 41/6e; BMCRR I Rome 234; SRCV I 600, aVF, overstruck, nice green patina, weight 18.688 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 215 - 212 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S behind; reverse galley prow right, S above, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire, and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
SH58945. Bronze sestertius, RIC V 211 (joint reign), Cohen 203, VF, weight 20.185 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right (drapery on far shoulder?); reverse FELICITAS AVGG S C, Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right, cornucopia in left; $195.00 (€146.25)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The curule chair was for senior magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of throne, it might be given as an honor to foreign kings recognized formally as friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the field, the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.
SH59594. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 148a, Cohen 121, gVF, flan flaw, weight 18.909 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P II COS P P, emperor seated left on curule chair, globe in right, short scepter pointed downward in left; $185.00 (€138.75)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin promotes Septimius Severus' self-declared adoption, in 195, as the son of Marcus Aurelius and the brother of Commodus (DIVI M PII F). His son, Lucius Septimius Bassianus (Caracalla), age 7, was renamed Marcus Aurelius Antoninus to reinforce the new family connection. Assuming this illustrious genealogy enhanced Septimius' suitability to the uneducated, but the Roman elite considered it ludicrous.
SH57200. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 702a; BMCRE V, p. 140, 569; Cohen 127, aVF, weight 19.084 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 195 - 196 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII, laureate head right; reverse DIVI M PII F P M TR P III COS II P P, S - C, Roma seated left, shield against throne at side below, Victory in right holding palm frond and offering wreath, inverted spear vertical behind in left; tight flan, nice portrait and green patina; rare; $180.00 (€135.00)

Roman Republic, NAT (Pinarius Natta?), 155 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In Roman mythology, Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, and of beginnings and endings. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR69335. Copper as, SRCV I 713, Sydenham 383, Crawford 200/2, BMCRR Rome 763, VF, weight 23.047 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 155 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, apotropaic eye on hull, rostrum tridens, NAT above, I (mark of value) right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $180.00 (€135.00)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 231, Severus Alexander accompanied his mother Julia Mamaea to Syria and campaigns against the Persians. Military command rested in the hands of his generals, but his presence gave additional weight to the empire's policy. The Romans were defeated and withdrew to Syria. After heavy losses on both sides, a truce was signed accepting the status quo. In 233, Alexander celebrated a triumph in Rome to commemorate his "victory."
RB63745. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 511, BMCRE VI 742, Cohen 413, gVF, nice patina, weight 19.982 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 231 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder and back; reverse P M TR P X COS III P P, Sol standing slightly left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left; $170.00 (€127.50)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Moneyer Cn. Piso Cn. F.
Click for a larger photo Around 15 B.C., the kingdom of Noricum was annexed by the Roman Empire. The Danube marked the new border of the empire, and the Romans built fortifications and settlements on the banks, including a military camp at the Celtic town Vindobona (Vienna).
RP59855. Copper as, RIC I 382, BMCRE I 137, SRCV I 1681, Cohen -, F, smoothing, weight 11.454 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 15 B.C.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST, bare head right; reverse CN PISO CN F III VIR A A A F F, legend around large S•C; $170.00 (€127.50)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo 'Courage' is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
SH48399. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 273a, Cohen 384, aVF, weight 15.272 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 240 A.D; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG S C, Virtus standing half left, helmeted and in military dress, head left, resting right on shield set on ground, inverted spear in left; beautiful light green patina; $165.00 (€123.75)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Tarsus, Cilicia
Click for a larger photo Our search of numerous references and auction results found numerous coins with various reverse types struck with the same obverse die. We also found numerous examples with a similar reverse but with a different obverse legend and the reverse legend with A∆P MHT. We did not find another example of this variant.
RP57158. Bronze tetrassarion, apparently unpublished; SNG BnF -, Lindgren -, BMC Lycaonia -, SNGvA -; cf. SNG Levante 1058 (legends) & 1067 (same obv die, different rev type), aF, weight 18.919 g, maximum diameter 35.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cilicia, Tarsus mint, c. 209 - 217 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI M AYP CEYEPOC ANTΩNEINOC, bust right, in robes of demiourgos, Π − Π; reverse ANTΩNEINIANH CEYHP A∆PIA, emperor standing left, sacrificing over altar, wearing toga, TAPCOY/Λ N in ex, A / M / K left, Γ / B right; 35 mm medallic coin!; extremely rare variant; $165.00 (€123.75)

Syracuse, Sicily, Dionysos I, 405 - 367 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Dionysius I was tyrant of Syracuse. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in Sicily and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive.
SH63456. Bronze drachm, Calciati II p. 111, 62; SNG ANS 454; SNG Cop 720, F, weight 29.678 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 270o, Syracuse mint, 395 - 367 B.C.; obverse ΣYPA, head of Athena left wearing olive wreathed Corinthian helmet; reverse sea star between two dolphins; ex Ancient Imports; $160.00 (€120.00)



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