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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Denominations>BigBronze PAGE 1/4123»»»

Big Bronze

Large bronze provided the finest canvas for ancient master celators to illustrate their artistry. Superb sestertius and medallions often obtain higher prices than even rare gold coins.


Didius Julianus, 28 March - 2 June 193 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The Romans believed that Fortuna, after deserting the Persians and Assyrians, took flight over Macedonia and saw Alexander perish as she passed into Egypt and into Syria. At last arriving on Mount Palatine she threw aside her wings and casting away her wheel, entered Rome where she took up her abode forever.
SH70842. Bronze sestertius, RIC IV 15, BMCRE V 25, Cohen 12 (30 Fr.), SRCV II 6076, F, corrosion, weight 21.290 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 28 Mar - 2 Jun 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P COS, Fortuna standing slightly left, head left, rudder on globe held by tiller in right, cornucopia in left, S - C flanking low across field; rare; $900.00 (€675.00)

Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius
Click for a larger photo In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB26685. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 4710, RIC III 1368, BMCRE IV 2198, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTI PII FIL S C, Concordia standing left, patera in extended right, cornucopia in left; $600.00 (€450.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo In 153 A.D., there were minor uprisings in Egypt against Roman rule.
SH90303. Bronze drachm, Dattari / Savio 2824 (same dies), Geissen 1718 (same dies), Kampmann-Ganschow 35.613, Emmet 1650, Milne -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -, VF, rough green patina, edge cracks, weight 23.635 g, maximum diameter 34.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 153 - 28 Aug 154 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head left, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse bust of Serapis right wearing kalathos, eagle standing facing with spread wings below, a star flanking bust on each side, I / L-Z (year 17) flanking eagle below wings; ex CNG auction 237 (21 Jul 2010), lot 239; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; rare; $530.00 (€397.50)

Philip I, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis, Cilicia
Click for a larger photo Aratos was a native of Soli. His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in Ephesus, Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the Antigonus II Gonatas, whose victory over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I Soter but returned to Pella where he died sometime before 240 B.C.

Comes with an old round coin ticket probably from Seaby 1960's or 1970's that references Milne, Numismatic Chronicle 1940, page 247, 40 (Notes on the Oxford Collection. 6, Phrygia to Galatia - Numismatic Chronicle, 5th ser. Vol. 20 (1940), p. 213-254, pls. XII-XIV). We do not hold NC 1940 and cannot verify the reference.
SH58900. Bronze hexassarion, Lindgren I 1605 (same dies); BMC Lycaonia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, SNG Pfδlzer -, gF, weight 12.323 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; obverse AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, Π − Π across field; reverse ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 131) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped bust of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise; extremely rare; $510.00 (€382.50)

Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, 55 - 95 A.D., Struck for Vespasian
Click for a larger photo Julius Marcus Agrippa was a teenager studying in Rome when his father died. He was too young to rule and his father's kingdom was made a Roman province. About 6 years later, he was given the kingdom of his uncle Herod of Chalcis. Later more was added. It was before Herod Agrippa II that Saint Paul was tried. Agrippa sided with the Romans during the Jewish rebellion. Though he continued to rule until at least 95 A.D., the temple was destroyed and in the end his assigned territories were in Syria, not Judaea.
SH90326. Bronze AE 30, RPC II 2283; Meshorer 166; Hendin 1288; AJC II 38, F, weight 15.554 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Panaeas mint, 75 - 76 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Vespasian right; reverse Tyche-Demeter standing left, kalathos on head, two grain ears in extended right, cornucopia in left, star upper left, ETOY − KZ BA / AΓPI−ΠΠA (year 27, King Agrippa) flanking in two lines across field; ex CNG auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 292 and auction 75 (23 May 2007), lot 863.; $450.00 (€337.50)

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A skilled general and administrator, Postumus rebelled against Gallienus, uniting Gaul, Spain and Britain into a Gallic-Roman empire. Successful against the Germans, he kept his empire secure and prosperous. He was assassinated by his own troops after he refused to allow them to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz).
SH66364. Bronze double sestertius, Bastien Postumus 87, RIC 143 (Lugdunum), Cohen 177, VF, weight 13.981 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis or Treveri mint, 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG (AVG in exergue), galley left, four rowers and steersman; $420.00 (€315.00)

Crusaders, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Hetoum I, 1226 - 1270 A.D.
Click for a larger photo As the Mongols approached, King Hetoum made a strategic decision to send his brother Smpad to the Mongol court in Karakorum and agree to become a vassal state of the Mongol Empire. In 1254, Hetoum himself traveled to Mongolia to renew the agreement. The account of his travels, "The Journey of Haithon, King of Little Armenia, To Mongolia and Back" is still important for its observations of Mongol, Buddhist, and Chinese culture, geography, and wildlife. The Mamluks invaded Armenia in 1266, taking 40,000 Armenians captive, including Hetoum's son, Leo. Hetoum abdicated in 1270 in favor of his son Leo, and lived out the rest of his life in a monastery, as a Franciscan monk.
SH65348. Copper tank, Nercessian 356, Bedoukian CCA -, EF, bold strike, superb green patina, weight 7.394 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Sis mint, 1226 - 1270 A.D.; obverse Armenian inscription: Hetoum King of the Armenians, Hetoum seated facing on bench-like throne, fleur-de-lis tipped scepter (mace) in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse Armenian inscription: Struck in the City of Sis, cross with wedges in the angles; superb for the type!; $360.00 (€270.00)

Obulco, Hispania Ulterior, Early 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Iberian is read from right to left. Some Iberian letters combine a consonant and a vowel, as indicated in our description with the use of upper and lower case letters.
CE71005. Copper AE 35, Villaronga-Benages 2185 (R3), Alvarez-Burgos 1779, SNG BM 1405, SNG Lorichs 435 ff., Villaronga 342.8, Choice F, earthen highlighting, weight 31.084 g, maximum diameter 35.4 mm, die axis 45o, Obulco mint, Early 2nd century B.C.; obverse OBVLCO, female head right, hair in a bun behind; reverse plough over stalk of grain left above Iberian inscription: SIBiBoLAI / URKAIL (magistrates' names) in two lines, horizontal line above and below each name; big 35.4 mm 31 gram bronze!; scarce; $350.00 (€262.50)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, Zodiac Type - Helios (Sun) in Leo
Click for a larger photo "The Zodiac series issued during year eight of Antoninus Pius is one of the more remarkable iconographic programs in the entire scope of Greek or Roman coinage." -- Keith Emmett, Alexandria Coins, p. 74A
SH58902. Bronze drachm, Milne 1813 - 1814, Geissen 1495 - 1496, Kampmann-Ganschow 35.278, Dattari 2967 var (draped bust); Emmett 1530, gF, river find, weight 21.911 g, maximum diameter 33.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 144 - 28 Aug 145 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head right; reverse radiate and draped bust of Helios facing right and star, above lion running right, L H (year 8) below; big 32mm bronze drachm; $320.00 (€240.00)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Pautalia, Thrace
Click for a larger photo The site of Pautalia (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman baths. In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.
RP63965. Bronze AE 30, Ruzicka 264 (same reverse die), Varbanov II 4653, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, aF, smoothing, weight 26.306 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 180o, Pautalia (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP CEB, laureate head right.; reverse HΓE K AIΛIOY ONEPATOY OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, tetrastyle temple seen in three-quarters perspective, no steps, Apollo-Bonus Eventus standing within, flanked by a tree left and another right; thick sestertius-like flan; rare; $310.00 (€232.50)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Hadrian standing left on the Rostra in the Forum, addressing five citizens with hands raised in acclamation, temple behind with four visible columns, SC in exergue
RB57402. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 640, Cohen 416, BMCRE III 1309 note (refs Cohen), Fair, weight 22.9 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 124 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse COS III, Hadrian standing left on the Rostra in the Forum, addressing five citizens with hands raised in acclamation, temple behind with four visible columns (one to the left of Hadrian), S C in ex; very rare (R2); $300.00 (€225.00)

Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace
Click for a larger photo When the Odrysian kingdom was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became part of the Roman province of Thrace. It was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of Thrace and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Severan Dynasty.
RP68711. Bronze 4 assaria, Varbanov 464 (R5), AMNG II 555, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Lindgren -, aVF, glossy green patina, weight 14.534 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 209 - 212 A.D.; obverse AY K Π CEΠ ΓETAC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OYΛΠIANΩN AΓ−X−IAΛEΩN, Demeter standing left, reaching with right toward serpent coiled around large torch before her, small torch cradled in her left, two small pellets over ∆ in center field; rare; $300.00 (€225.00)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Fortuna Redux, one of the many aspects of Fortuna, was in charge of bringing people home safely, primarily from wars - redux means "coming back" or "returning." She may be one of the later aspects of Fortuna, as the earliest mention of her is of an altar dedicated by the Senate in 19 B.C. for the safe return of the Emperor Augustus.
SH90471. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 541a, BMCRE III 1110, Cohen 751, Cayon II 414 corr. (PART), SRCV II -, VF/F, superb bust, excellent centering, some corrosion, weight 22.695 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 117 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DIVI TRA PARTH F DIVI NER NEP TRAIANO HADRIANO AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse PONT MAX TR POT COS, Fortuna seated left, rudder held in right hand by tiller, cornucopia in left, FORT RED / S C in exergue; scarce; $300.00 (€225.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo This reverse type was apparently only struck for Antoninus Pius in his year two. Milne lists only a single example. Emmett lists it as rarity 5 (only one or two specimens known from the collections he examined).
RX57412. Bronze hemidrachm, Milne 1612, Emmett 1716 (R5), Dattari -, Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, Kampmann-Ganschow -, aF, weight 11.475 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 138 - 28 Aug 139 A.D.; obverse AY TK T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Demeter seated left, veiled, sacrificing from patera in right over altar at feet left, long torch in left, LB (year 2) upper left; extremely rare; $270.00 (€202.50)

Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.
Click for a larger photo  
BZ57476. Bronze follis, DOC I 123a, Hahn MIB 50b, Morrisson BnF 10- 14, Ratto 878 - 880, Wroth BMC 177 - 179, SBCV 372, Choice aEF, weight 12.765 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 574 - 575 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AV, Justin II (on left) and Sophia seated facing on double throne, both nimbate, he holds a globus cruciger, she holds a cruciform scepter, cross above center, wavy line below feet; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and X (year 10), cross above, A below, KYZ (Cyzicus) in ex; $270.00 (€202.50)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Personification of the siege of Sarmizegetusa! In 106 A.D., Trajan besieged Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. With the aid of a Dacian traitor, the Romans found and destroyed water pipes supplying the city. Running out of water and food the city fell and was burned to the ground. Decebalus fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than face capture. The river-god on the reverse is usually described as Tiber, however, the reverse likely personifies the impact of the Roman destruction of the Dacian's water supply. Dacia's own water supply has betrayed her, knocked her to the ground, and is choking her.
SH63939. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 556, BMCRE III 793 note, Cohen 526, aF, weight 20.524 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI S C, River-god, cloak billowing behind, leaning left with right knee on supine Dacia, forcing her to the ground, choking her with his right hand, reeds in left; very scarce; $270.00 (€202.50)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH59538. Bronze drachm, Svoronos 992; Weiser 60 (Ptolemy III, 247 - 243 B.C.); SNG Cop 205; SNG Milan 216, Noeske 147, Hosking 36, BMC Ptolemies p. 74, 71 (Ptolemy V), aVF, weight 73.463 g, maximum diameter 41.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, ΣE monogram between eagle's legs; a massive 73 gram Ptolemaic bronze!; $260.00 (€195.00)

Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
Click for a larger photo For Roman wives, piety often meant accepting neglect. It was not considered adultery for a Roman husband to have sex with slaves or unmarried women. The historian Spartianus wrote that after Lucilla complained, Lucius Verus reproached her: "Uxor enim dignitatis nomen est, non voluptatis" (Wife is the name of dignity, not bliss).
SH57785. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1756, BMCRE IV 1161, Cohen 54, SRCV II 5505, VF, weight 24.305 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 164 - 166 A.D.; obverse LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust right; reverse PIETAS S C, Pietas standing left, veiled, raising her right hand over flaming altar, perfume-box in left; well centered on a full flan; $250.00 (€187.50)

Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon, 3rd Democracy, 344 - 336 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Timoleon installed a democracy in 345 B.C. After the long series of internal struggles had weakened Syracuse's power, Timoleon tried to remedy this, defeating the Carthaginians near the Krimisos river in 339 B.C. Unfortunately the struggle among the city's parties restarted after his death and ended with the rise of another tyrant, Agathocles, who seized power in 317 B.C.
SH58244. Bronze dilitron, Calciati II, p. 185, 80; SNG ANS 533 ff.; SNG Morcom 717; SNG Mόnchen 1159, VF, weight 18.748 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 344 - 336 B.C.; obverse ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left; reverse ΣYPAKOΣION, free horse prancing left; nice green patina; $250.00 (€187.50)

Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB68880. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 203a, Cohen 10, SRCV III 9164, Nice gVF, centered, superb as-found green patina, weight 20.216 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 249 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right, double cornucopia in left, S C in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $250.00 (€187.50)

Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class A3, Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 11 November 1028 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ71336. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class A3; SBCV 1818; Grierson ornaments 40, VF, weight 7.104 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1023 - 11 Nov 1028 A.D.; obverse + EMMANOVHL, facing nimbate bust of Christ, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, to left IC, to right XC; reverse + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings), square above and below legend; $250.00 (€187.50)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D. she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.
SH65151. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1118, BMCRE IV 1514, Cohen 88, SRCV II 4614, Nice VF, green patina, small patina edge chip on rev, weight 27.399 g, maximum diameter 32.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, pearls in hair and hair in elaborate bun on top; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing facing, veiled head left, torch raised in right hand, stalks of grain downward in left, S - C flanking across field; $225.00 (€168.75)

Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Vesta was originally a household spirit. Later she was personified as the goddess of the hearth and given the stature of her Greek equivalent, Hestia. In the temple of Vesta her flame was kept alive by Vestal Virgins.
SH66879. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 708 (Sev Alex), BMCRE VI 389, Cohen 83, SRCV II 8236, VF, weight 24.538 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 226 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse VESTA S C, Vesta standing left, Palladium in right, long scepter vertical in left; $225.00 (€168.75)

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Ninica Claudiopolis, Cilicia
Click for a larger photo This is only the second example of the type known to Forum. The other is the referenced Righetti coin, which is also listed in RPC Online. Neither our coin, nor the Righetti coin, allow a complete reading of the obverse legend.
RP68956. Bronze AE 29, SNG Righetti 1600, RPC Online 10286 (=Righetti 1600), SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Pfalz -, BMC Lycaonia -, aF, green patina, weight 10.916 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 180o, Ninica Claudiopolis mint, obverse IMP CAE [...]-VS ANTONINVS(?), laureate, draped, and cuirassed(?) bust right; reverse CLAVDIO PO COL AV, Jupiter seated left, thunderbolt in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; 2nd known of this large 29 mm bronze!; extremely rare; $225.00 (€168.75)

Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Pergamon and Ephesos
Click for a larger photo Medallion celebrating the alliance between Ephesus and Pergamum.
SH90561. Brass medallion, Franke-Nolle 1546; BMC Mysia -; RPC online -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG BnF -, aF, rough, pitted, varnished, weight 30.353 g, maximum diameter 41.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, strategos P. Aelius Pius, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse AV KAI M AVPH KOMMO∆OC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind, oval countermark (Severan head?); reverse EΠI CTP Π AI ΠIOY KOINON OMONOIA, Asklepios on left, standing slightly right, snake entwined staff in right hand; cult statue of Artemis of Ephesus on left, standing facing, wearing kalathos and veil, arms extended with supports; ΠEPΓAMHNΩN KAI EΦECIΩN in exergue; HUGE 41mm medallion!; very rare; $225.00 (€168.75)

Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. Hercules asked Atlas to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so Atlas could complete the task. Atlas returned but refused take back his burden. Hercules, pretending to enjoy the task, convinced Atlas to hold the world while he made a pad of the lion skin. Hercules then ran away and never took back the task.
RB66844. Silvered follis, RIC VI 40, VF, smoothing, die break above Hercules arm, weight 7.477 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, c. 304 - May 305 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing facing, looking left, leaning on club with right, holding apples of Hesperides in left, Nemean lion skin hanging from left elbow, S left, A(?) above arm and P below arm on right, ALE in ex; $220.00 (€165.00)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D. she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.
RB65382. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1606, RIC III 1104 var (veiled bust), Cohen 19 var (same), cf. SRCV II 4606 var (DIVA FAVSTINA), VF, weight 24.562 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, posthumous, c. 147 A.D.; obverse DIVAE FAVSTINAE, draped bust right, strings of pearls in hair and hair in elaborate bun on top; reverse AETERNITAS, Aeternitas seated left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left, S C in exergue; very rare; $215.00 (€161.25)

Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pudicitia was the personification of modesty and chastity.
RB30704. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 209a, Cohen 55, VF, weight 16.513 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse PVDICITIA AVG S C, Pudicitia seated left, holding scepter, drawing veil from face; $200.00 (€150.00)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 224, King Ardashir I defeated Artabanus IV at Hormizdegan (modern Shushtar), destroying the Parthian Empire and establishing the Sassanid dynasty. Artabanus's brother Vologases VI continued to rule with Armenian and Kushan support over outlying parts of Parthia.
SH56934. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE VI 204 var (S - C outer fields and lower); RIC IV 587 var (anvil not mentioned); Cohen -, cf. 179 (MONETA AVG), aVF, nice green patina, weight 19.148 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 224 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MONETA AVGVSTI, S - C, Moneta standing half left, scales in right held over die anvil at feet on left, cornucopia in left; rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Byzantine Empire, Anastasius I, 11 April 491 - 1 July 518 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Berk notes, "Thus far, no specimens noted better than Fine." Only the 5th officina is recorded for this type with the M flanked on the left and right by a star with pellet above and below.
BZ57477. Bronze follis, DOC I 23l, Berk 10, Morrisson BnF 83, Ratto 348, Sommer 1.18, Hahn MIB 28b, SBCV 21, Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, F, weight 19.124 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 517 - 518 A.D.; obverse D N ANASTASIVS PP AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, flanked on left and right by a star with pellet above and below, E below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; scarce; $200.00 (€150.00)

Lot of 10 Worn Roman Imperial Sestertii
Click for a larger photo 1) Claudius, legend in wreath, NCAPR countermark.
2) Claudius, Imitative, Spes.
3) Nero, Roma seated.
4) Julia Titi.
5) Divus Marcus Aurelius, Eagle.
6) Commodus, 3 Monetae.
7) Septimius Severus, RIC 719, horseback.
8) Septimius Severus, RIC 706, Fortuna standing.
9) Philip II as Augustus, RIC 267a, emperors on chairs.
10) Volusian, RIC 251, Pax.
LT64559. Orichalcum sestertius, Lot of 10 sestertii, Fair to Fine, $200.00 (€150.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RB65292. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2038, SRCV II 4254, Cohen -, F, weight 21.364 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing slightly slightly left, stalks of grain pointed downward in her right over modius overflowing with stalks of grain at feet on left, rudder vertical behind in left resting on prow of galley right, S - C flanking low across field; $200.00 (€150.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 240, the year this coin was struck, a rebellion lead by Sabinianus, the governor of Africa, was defeated in a battle near Carthage.
RB68909. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 293a, Cohen 390, SRCV 8745 var (obv leg), VF, nice portrait, well centered, weight 14.938 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, c. 240 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, helmeted, in military garb, branch in right hand, inverted spear in left, grounded shield on left against right leg, S - C flanking across field; $200.00 (€150.00)

Roman Republic, Anonymous Post-Semilibral Struck Coinage, 215 - 212 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Most specimens from this issue weigh 25 - 35 grams but weights varied greatly, apparently because older coins were overstruck with the closest denomination. Roberto Russo, in Essays Hersh, suggested that semisses issued before 211 B.C. (Crawford 41/6e) cannot be distinguished from the later series issues by weight, but can be identified by the diameter of the beaded border. The earlier issues have a bead border diameter between 28 and 31 mm and the later issue diameters are 26 mm and smaller.
RR69278. Bronze semis, Russo p. 140, 2 and pl. 16, 10 (same dies); McCabe Anonymous A1.Sm.2; cf. Crawford 41/6e; BMCRR I Rome 234; SRCV I 600, aVF, overstruck, nice green patina, weight 18.688 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 215 - 212 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S behind; reverse galley prow right, S above, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This type has been attributed to "Mint II," which is believed to be Cologne, but it is quite crude and could also be imitative. See RIC V, Part II, p. 349, note 1, for comments on imitative of this and similar types.
RB90466. Bronze double sestertius, cf. CNG auction 109, lot 243 (same reverse die); Bastien Postume 313; Mιricourt-l'Abbι Hoard in TM XIII (1992) 95, VF, struck with damaged reverse die, corrosion, weight 9.446 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 90o, Mint II Cologne (or imitative) mint, c. 266 - spring 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse galley right, five oarsmen, AMV above, retrograde P left, Q(?) right, waves over palm frond left below; $200.00 (€150.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 142, Antoninus Pius ordered the construction of the Antonine Wall. When complete the wall ran 39 miles (63 km) from Old Kilpatrick in West Dunbartonshire on the Firth of Clyde to Carriden near Bo'ness on the Firth of Forth (Scotland). The Romans built nineteen forts and smaller fortlets (milecastles), to protect the border against the Caledonians.
RB90470. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1315, Cohen 819, RIC III 642(a), Strack III 863, SRCV 4237, aF, weight 22.720 g, maximum diameter 33.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 141 - 143 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG - PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right; reverse TIBERIS, Tiber reclining left, wreathed with reeds, resting right hand on boat on his far side, reeds in left, left arm resting on urn on its side from which water flows, S C in exergue; rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 116, Trajan completed his invasion of Parthia by capturing the cities of Seleucia, Babylon, Ctesiphon and Susa, marking the high-water mark of the Roman Empire's eastern expansion. Trajan removed Osroes I as king of Parthia, and appointed his son Parthamaspates in his place. Parthamaspates Romanized his name to Parthicus.
RB90458. Orichalcum sestertius, Woytek 534v2, RIC II 672, BMCRE III 1023, Cohen 352, Banti 106, aVF, light and dark green patina, some corrosion, weight 25.757 g, maximum diameter 35.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 114 - early 116 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right; reverse SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS, Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right, cornucopia in left, S - C flanking across field; ex Heritage Auction 231419, lot 61111; $200.00 (€150.00)

Mark Antony and Octavian, Thessalonica, Macedonia, 37 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The reverse inscription abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The bust of Libertas on the obverse "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to Thessalonica in 42 BC after the battle of Philippi (the victory which is celebrated on the reverse)." -- RPC I, p. 29
SH63716. Leaded bronze AE 31, BMC Macedonia p. 115, 63; RPC I 1551; Sear Imperators 672; SNG Cop 374; SNG ANS 823, F, weight 18.710 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 37 B.C.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; reverse M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right, palm frond in left; $195.00 (€146.25)

Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Juno was the patron deity of Trebonianus Gallus.
SH66386. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 110a corr. (peacock), Banti 14 corr. (same), Cohen 50, VF, nice patina, attractive style, weight 13.008 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse IVNONI MARTIALIS, Shrine of Juno Martialis: domed, distyle rotunda with Corinthian columns, garlands hanging below dome; statue of Juno seated facing within holding two stalks of grain in extended right; ex Triskeles Auction, lot 164, auction 2 (25 Apr 2013); $190.00 (€142.50)

Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 608, A.D., Heraclius the Elder, exarch of Africa, and his son (also named Heraclius) revolted against Phocas, whose regime in Constantinople had become unpopular and violent. Syria and Palaestina Prima joined the revolt. On 4 October 610, Heraclius arrived at Constantinople with his fleet. Phocas was killed by a mob on the following day.
BZ67758. Bronze follis, DOC II part 1, 73a; Wroth BMC 90; Tolstoi 77; Ratto 1237; Morrisson BnF 6, Hahn MIB 76, SBCV 665, VF, weight 10.550 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 607 - 608 A.D.; obverse D N FOCA PERP AVΓ, bust facing, wearing crown with pendilia and consular robes, mappa in right, cross in left, small cross in left field; reverse XXXX (40 nummi), ANNO above, G (year 6) right, KYZA (Cyzicus, 1st officina) in exergue; $190.00 (€142.50)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH59450. Bronze AE 40, Svoronos 974 (Ptolemy III), SNG Cop 224 - 226, Weiser 91 - 92, Noeske 155 ff., aVF, weight 43.507 g, maximum diameter 39.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing half left on fulmen, wings closed, head right, filleted cornucopia right ascending from behind shoulder, E between legs; huge 43 gram bronze; $180.00 (€135.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH59592. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 974 (Ptolemy III), SNG Cop 224 - 226, Weiser 91 - 92, Noeske 155 ff., VF, weight 46.376 g, maximum diameter 37.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing half left on fulmen, wings closed, head right, filleted cornucopia right ascending from behind shoulder, E between legs; huge 46 gram bronze; $180.00 (€135.00)

Herennia Etruscilla, Augusta July 249 - April/August 253 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 250 the Plague of Cyprian, a pandemic probably smallpox, began. It was still raging in 270, when it claimed the life of emperor Claudius II Gothicus. At the height of the outbreak, 5,000 people a day were said to be dying in Rome. The plague caused widespread manpower shortages in agriculture and the Roman army.
RB68394. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 136b, Cohen 22, VF, light scratches, weight 16.030 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse HERENNIA ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse PVDICITIA AVG S C, Pudicitia (modesty) seated left, drawing veil with right, transverse scepter in left; $180.00 (€135.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo 'Courage' is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
SH48399. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 273a, Cohen 384, aVF, weight 15.272 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 240 A.D; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG S C, Virtus standing half left, helmeted and in military dress, head left, resting right hand on shield set on ground, inverted spear in left; beautiful light green patina; $165.00 (€123.75)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The curule chair was for senior magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of throne, it might be given as an honor to foreign kings recognized formally as friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the field, the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.
SH59594. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 148a, Cohen 121, gVF, flan flaw, weight 18.909 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P II COS P P, emperor seated left on curule chair, globe in right hand, short scepter pointed downward in left; $165.00 (€123.75)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin promotes Septimius Severus' self-declared adoption, in 195, as the son of Marcus Aurelius and the brother of Commodus (DIVI M PII F). His son, Lucius Septimius Bassianus (Caracalla), age 7, was renamed Marcus Aurelius Antoninus to reinforce the new family connection. Assuming this illustrious genealogy enhanced Septimius' suitability to the uneducated, but the Roman elite considered it ludicrous.
SH57200. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 702a; BMCRE V, p. 140, 569; Cohen 127, aVF, weight 19.084 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 195 - 196 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII, laureate head right; reverse DIVI M PII F P M TR P III COS II P P, S - C, Roma seated left, shield against throne at side below, Victory in right holding palm frond and offering wreath, inverted spear vertical behind in left; tight flan, nice portrait and green patina; rare; $160.00 (€120.00)

Syracuse, Sicily, Dionysos I, 405 - 367 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Dionysius I was tyrant of Syracuse. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in Sicily and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive.
SH63456. Bronze drachm, Calciati II, p. 111, 62; SNG ANS 454; SNG Cop 720; SNG Mόnchen 1135; SNG Morcom 697; BMC Sicily p. 187, 287; SGCV I 1189, F, weight 29.678 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 270o, Syracuse mint, 395 - 367 B.C.; obverse ΣYPA, head of Athena left wearing olive wreathed Corinthian helmet; reverse sea star between two dolphins; ex Ancient Imports; $160.00 (€120.00)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 231, Severus Alexander accompanied his mother Julia Mamaea to Syria and campaigned against the Persians. Military command rested in the hands of his generals, but his presence gave additional weight to the empire's policy. The Romans were defeated and withdrew to Syria. After heavy losses on both sides, a truce was signed accepting the status quo. In 233, Alexander celebrated a triumph in Rome to commemorate his "victory."
RB63745. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 511, BMCRE VI 742, Cohen 413, gVF, nice patina, weight 19.982 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 231 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder and back; reverse P M TR P X COS III P P, Sol standing slightly left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left; $150.00 (€112.50)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
GP70095. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 993 (Σ, Ptolemy III), SNG Cop 212 (Σ), Weiser 63 (ΣE, Ptolemy III), Hosking 49 var (ΣE), Noeske -, VF, centered, weight 37.458 g, maximum diameter 35.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on fulmen, head left, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, Σ or ΣE monogram between legs; heavy large bronze; $150.00 (€112.50)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 105, Trajan left with the Imperial Roman fleet from Brundusium, in Apulia, to begin the second expedition against Dacia. In 106, he first conquered the Dacian fortresses in the Orastie Mountains, then defeated the Dacians in the Battle of Sarmizegetusa. After the Romans encircled the city and destroyed the water supply pipes, king Decebalus fled and commited suicide. On 11 August 106, the south-eastern part of Dacia (modern Romania) became a Roman province.
RB70537. Orichalcum sestertius, Woytek 203o, BnF IV 564, RIC II 535 var (draped), BMCRE III -, Cohen -,, aF, weight 23.942 g, maximum diameter 33.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 104 - 107 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Trajan in military dress on horseback right, thrusting spear at Dacian warrior trampled and falling under fore-hooves, S C in exergue; rare with bust left; $150.00 (€112.50)



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