Carthage, located in NorthAfrica on the Gulf of Tunis, established a hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout the Mediterranean, NorthAfrica and what is now Spain. At the height of the city's prominence, its influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Carthage was in a constant state of struggle with the Roman Republic, which led to a series of conflicts known as the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city of Carthage, the annexation by Rome of all remaining Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population.
Carthage, Second Punic War, c. 216 - 205 B.C.
This quarter shekeltype has been found in Campanian hoards along with other Carthaginian and Brettian coins. The type was likely struck at Carthage and exported directly to Hannibal via Bruttian ports.
SH64035. Silver quarter shekel, Robinson NC 1964, p. 44, group I, 3; SNG Cop 348 -349; Alexandropoulos 78; HN Italy 2015, VF, scratches, weight 1.733 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 45o, Carthage mint, c. 216 - 205 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed with grain, wearing necklace and earring, dot border; reverse horse standing right, dot border; ex Ancient Eagles; $300.00 (€231.00) ON RESERVE
Carthage, Zeugitana, N. Africa, c. 350 - 320 B.C.
GB59455. Bronze AE 18, Calciati III p. 381, 9 ff.; Alexandropoulos 20; SNG Cop 102 ff., F, flaked patina (stable), weight 6.288 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 135o, Sicilian(?) mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; obversepalm tree; reverse head of horse right; scarce; $80.00 (€61.60)
Sardinia, Punic Rule, 241 - 238 B.C.
After the Roman fleet decisively defeated the Carthaginian fleet in 241 B.C., ending the First Punic War, Carthage was forced to agree to abandon all claims on Sicily, to refrain from sailing warships in Italian waters, and to pay an indemnity of 3,200 talents. In 238 B.C., Rome declared war on Carthage demanding control of Sardinia. To avoid war, Carthage abandoned Sardinia.
GB63422. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop Vol. 1, 1106; SNG Cop Vol. 7, 252;, F, green patina, weight 7.660 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sardinian mint, c. 264 - 241 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit wreathed in barely left; reverse three barley stalks, pellet in crescent with horns downward above; $75.00 (€57.75)
Alexandropoulos, J. Les monnaies de l'Afrique antique: 400 av. J.-C. - 40 ap. J.-C. (Toulouse, 2000). Burgos, A. La moneda hispanica desde sus origenes hasta el siglo V. (Madrid, 2008) Calciati, R. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum. The Bronze Coinage, Vol. I - III. (Milan, 1983 - 1987). Jenkins, G.K. Coins of Punic Sicily. (Zürich, 1997). Jenkins, G.K. and R.B. Lewis. Carthaginian Gold and Electrum Coins. (London, 1963). Müller, L. et. al. Numismatique de l’ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862). Sear, David. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. (London. 1962 - 1969). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. (Copenhagen, 1942-1979). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 2: Spain. (London, 2002). Villaronga, Leandre. Corpus Nvmmvm Hispaniae Anti Avgvsti Aetatem. (Madrid, 1994).
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