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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Imperators ▸ PompeiansView Options:  |  |  | 

Pompey the Great and his sons Sextus and Gnaeus Pompey Junior

Roman Republic, Sextus Pompeius Magnus, 45 - 44 B.C.

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This type was struck while Sextus Pompey was free-booting in Spain following the Battle of Munda. Pietas was the Pompeians' battle cry at Munda and the reverse type refers to his vow to avenge the deaths of his father and elder brother. Babelon and Grueber interpret SAL as salutatus. Crawford and Buttrey identify it as a mintmark for Salpensa, but David Sear points out that such a prominent mintmark would be unprecedented on a denarius of the period and seems to be an integral part of the legend.
RR77515. Silver denarius, Buttrey Pietas Type 4 (6/D); Crawford 477/3a; Sydenham 1042a; Sear CRI 232b, RSC I Pompeia 13, gF, attractive old cabinet tone, banker's marks, light bumps and scratches, weight 3.331 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain Hispania mint, 45 - 44 B.C.; obverse SEX MAGN PIVS IMP SAL, bare head of Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey the Great) right; reverse Pietas standing left, palm branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, PIETAS downward on right; From the Andrew McCabe Collection, Roma Numismatics auction 23, lot 372, ex Gemini auction X (13 Jan 2013), lot 261, ex Randy Haviland Collection; very rare; $720.00 (640.80)


Sextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, executed 35 B.C.

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Struck in Sicily by Sextus Pompey, the younger son of Pompey the Great. Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus on 3 September 36 B.C. and executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.
SH79738. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1391, RSC I 1a ( Pompeia 21), BMC Sicily 15, Sydenham 1347, Crawford 511/2b, S 1391, F, toned, weight 3.344 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 90o, Sicilian mint, 42 B.C.; obverse MAG PIVS IMP ITER, diademed head of Neptune right, trident behind; reverse PRF CLAS ET ORAE MARIT EX S C, naval trophy of captured arms placed on anchor, trophy made of trident, cuirass, helmet, stem of prow, apluster, and heads of Scylla and Charybdis; $225.00 (200.25)


Roman Republic, The Pompeians, Q. Sicinius, 49 B.C.

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This coin indicates the moneyer Q. Sicinius' support for Pompey after Caesar crossed the Rubicon. The palm refers to Pompey's many military victories. The Senate awarded Pompey the the wreath for his defeat of Mithradates VI in 63 B.C., and the caduceus for his defeat of the Cilician pirates. This was the last issue of denarii before Caesar's occupation of Rome. Sicinius fled with Pompey and later resumed his duties as a moneyer, striking in a mobile military mint in the East.
RR79576. Silver denarius, Sear CRI 1, Crawford 440/1, Sydenham 938, BMCRR Rome 3947, RSC I Sicinia 5, RBW Collection 1555, SRCV I 410, aVF, toned, centered, bumps and marks, encrustations, weight 3.438 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 49 B.C.; obverse FORTVNA PR, diademed head of Fortuna Populi Romani right; reverse winged caduceus and palm branch tied with fillet in saltire (crossed), wreath above, III - VIR across field, Q SICINIVS below; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins; $180.00 (160.20) ON RESERVE


Sextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C., Janiform Head of Pompey the Great

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Struck in Sicily by Sextus Pompey, the younger son of Pompey the Great. During the civil war following the assassination of Julius Caesar, he gathered a fleet that controlled the Mediterranean and seized Sicily. He was eventually defeated by Octavian and Agrippa, and was put to death in 35 B.C.
SL76671. Bronze as, Sydenham 1044 - 1044b, BMCRR II Spain 95 - 103, Crawford 479/1, Cohen Pompey the Great 16, Sear CRI 336, RPC I 671, SRCV I 1394, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 2/5, perhaps imitative (3763262-008), weight 18.83 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Sicilian mint, c. 43 - 36 B.C.; obverse laureate janiform head with the features of Pompey the Great, MAGN (or similar) above; reverse prow of galley right, PIVS above, IMP below; $155.00 (137.95)


Roman Republic, The Pompeians, Q. Sicinius, 49 B.C.

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This coin indicates the moneyer Q. Sicinius' support for Pompey after Caesar crossed the Rubicon. The palm refers to Pompey's many military victories. The Senate awarded Pompey the the wreath for his defeat of Mithradates VI in 63 B.C., and the caduceus for his defeat of the Cilician pirates. This was the last issue of denarii before Caesar's occupation of Rome. Sicinius fled with Pompey and later resumed his duties as a moneyer, striking in a mobile military mint in the East.
RR79561. Silver denarius, Sear CRI 1, Crawford 440/1, Sydenham 938, BMCRR Rome 3947, RSC I Sicinia 5, RBW Collection 1555, SRCV I 410, VF, light uneven toning, both sides slightly off center, weight 3.141 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 49 B.C.; obverse FORTVNA PR, diademed head of Fortuna Populi Romani right; reverse winged caduceus and palm branch tied with fillet in saltire (crossed), wreath above, III - VIR across field, Q SICINIVS below; ex York Coins; $140.00 (124.60)







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Saturday, July 30, 2016.
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Pompeian Coins