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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Imperators ▸ PompeiansView Options:  |  |  | 

Pompey the Great and his sons Sextus and Gnaeus Pompey Junior

Roman Republic, Sextus Pompeius Magnus, 45 - 44 B.C.

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This type was struck while Sextus Pompey was free-booting in Spain following the Battle of Munda. Pietas was the Pompeians' battle cry at Munda and the reverse type refers to his vow to avenge the deaths of his father and elder brother. Babelon and Grueber interpret SAL as salutatus. Crawford and Buttrey identify it as a mintmark for Salpensa, but David Sear points out that such a prominent mintmark would be unprecedented on a denarius of the period and seems to be an integral part of the legend.
RR77515. Silver denarius, Buttrey Pietas Type 4 (6/D); Crawford 477/3a; Sydenham 1042a; Sear CRI 232b, RSC I Pompeia 13, gF, attractive old cabinet tone, banker's marks, light bumps and scratches, weight 3.331 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain Hispania mint, 45 - 44 B.C.; obverse SEX MAGN PIVS IMP SAL, bare head of Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey the Great) right; reverse Pietas standing left, palm branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, PIETAS downward on right; From the Andrew McCabe Collection, Roma Numismatics auction 23, lot 372, ex Gemini auction X (13 Jan 2013), lot 261, ex Randy Haviland Collection; very rare; $720.00 (640.80)


Roman Republic, Pompey the Great, Imperator, and Terentius Varro, Proquaestor, 49 B.C.

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Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (29 Sep 106 B.C. 29 Sep 48 B.C.), known as Pompey the Great, was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background, and his father had been the first to establish the family among the Roman nobility. Pompey's immense success as a general while very young enabled him to advance to his first consulship without meeting the normal requirements for office. His success as a military commander in Sulla's Second Civil War resulted in Sulla bestowing the nickname Magnus, "the Great" upon him. He was consul three times and celebrated three triumphs. In mid-60 B.C., Pompey joined Marcus Licinius Crassus and Gaius Julius Caesar in the unofficial military-political alliance known as the First Triumvirate, which Pompey's marriage to Caesar's daughter Julia helped secure. After the deaths of Julia and Crassus, Pompey sided with the optimates, the conservative faction of the Roman Senate. Pompey and Caesar then contended for the leadership of the Roman state, leading to a civil war. When Pompey was defeated at the Battle of Pharsalus, he sought refuge in Egypt, where he was assassinated. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's subsequent transformation from Republic to Principate and Empire.
SH77559. Silver denarius, Crawford 447/1a; Sydenham 1033; RSC I 3; Sear CRI 8; BMCRE Spain 64, F, well centered, light tone, weight 3.603 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 270o, struck by Varro, proquaestor in Greece, 49 B.C.; obverse VARROPROQ, diademed terminal bust herm of Jupiter right; reverse scepter between dolphin head down and right (on left) and eagle standing left (on right), MAGNPRO COS in two lines in exergue; $350.00 (311.50)


Sextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, executed 35 B.C.

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Struck in Sicily by Sextus Pompey, the younger son of Pompey the Great. Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus on 3 September 36 B.C. and executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.
SH79738. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1391, RSC I 1a ( Pompeia 21), BMC Sicily 15, Sydenham 1347, Crawford 511/2b, S 1391, F, toned, weight 3.344 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 90o, Sicilian mint, 42 B.C.; obverse MAG PIVS IMP ITER, diademed head of Neptune right, trident behind; reverse PRF CLAS ET ORAE MARIT EX S C, naval trophy of captured arms placed on anchor, trophy made of trident, cuirass, helmet, stem of prow, apluster, and heads of Scylla and Charybdis; $250.00 (222.50)


Sextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C., Janiform Head of Pompey the Great

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Struck in Sicily by Sextus Pompey, the younger son of Pompey the Great. During the civil war following the assassination of Julius Caesar, he gathered a fleet that controlled the Mediterranean and seized Sicily. He was eventually defeated by Octavian and Agrippa, and was put to death in 35 B.C.
SL76671. Bronze as, Sydenham 1044 - 1044b, BMCRR II Spain 95 - 103, Crawford 479/1, Cohen Pompey the Great 16, Sear CRI 336, RPC I 671, SRCV I 1394, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 2/5, perhaps imitative (3763262-008), weight 18.83 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Sicilian mint, c. 43 - 36 B.C.; obverse laureate janiform head with the features of Pompey the Great, MAGN (or similar) above; reverse prow of galley right, PIVS above, IMP below; $175.00 (155.75)


Roman Republic, Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, Imperator 47 - 46 B.C.

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Scipio was the Pompeian commander of the anti-Caesareans. His headquarters was at the provincial capital of Utica, near the site of Carthage, and this is likely the site of his mint. Defeated by Caesar's forces, Scipio committed suicide in 46 B.C.
SH79740. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1380/2 (small Africa head), BMCRR Africa 12 (same), RSC I Caecilia 50a (same), Crawford 461/1, Sydenham 1051, Sear CRI 44, F, corrosion, scratches, slightly off center, weight 3.340 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 270o, Africa, Utica mint, 47 - 46 B.C.; obverse Q METELL SCIPIO IMP, head of Africa right, laureate and clad in elephant scalp, stalk of grain before, plough below; reverse EPPIVS LEG F C, Herakles standing facing, naked, right hand on hip, resting on club draped with Nemean lion's skin and set on a rock; $140.00 (124.60)







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Monday, June 27, 2016.
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Pompeian Coins