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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Republic ▸ 99-50 B.C.View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Republic, 99 - 50 B.C.

Roman Republic, L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus, 62 B.C.

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At the end of the Third Macedonian War (171 - 168 B.C.), King Perseus of Macedonia was decisively defeated by Rome at the Battle of Pydna. He surrendered to general Lucius Aemilius Paullus and was imprisoned in Rome with his half-brother Philippus and his son Alexander. The Antigonid kingdom was replaced with four republics, which were later dissolved and became the Roman province of Macedonia.
RR79627. Silver denarius, RSC I Aemilia 10, Crawford 415/1, Sydenham 926, SRCV I 366, F, banker's mark, porous, slightly off center, weight 3.611 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, Rome mint, 62 B.C.; obverse PAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA, veiled and diademed head of Concordia right; reverse TER PAVLLVS, Paullus on right, standing left, togate, touching trophy in center; on the left, three standing bound captives: King Perseus of Macedonia, his half-brother, and his son; $120.00 (106.80)


Roman Republic, Q. Cassius Longinus, 55 B.C.

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Quintus Cassius Longinus was a governor in Hispania for Caesar. Cassius was one of the tresviri monetales of the Roman mint in 55 B.C. He served as a quaestor of Pompey in Hispania Ulterior in 54 B.C.
RR77560. Silver denarius, SRCV I 391, Sydenham 916, Crawford 428/3, BMCRR 3868, RSC I Cassia 7, F, attractive style, well centered, weight 3.502 g, maximum diameter 19.34 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, c. 55 B.C.; obverse young male head (Bonus Eventus or the Genius of the Roman People) right, scepter across shoulder; reverse eagle standing right on thunderbolt between jug and lituus, QCASSIVS below; $200.00 (178.00)


Roman Republic, M. Porcius Cato, 89 B.C.

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The seated figure on the reverse is presumably Victoria Virgo, whose shrine was built by Cato Censorious. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
SH79743. Silver quinarius, BMCRR Italy 577 ff. (various symbols), Sydenham 597c, RSC I Porcia 7, Crawford 343/2b, SRCV I 248, F, centered, toned, banker's marks, weight 1.993 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 89 B.C.; obverse head of young Bacchus or Liber right wreathed with ivy, M CATO (AT in monogram) downward behind, obscure control symbol below; reverse Victory seated right holding patera, VICTRIX (TR in monogram) in exergue; $95.00 (84.55)


Roman Republic, Ti. Claudius Ti. f. Ap.n. Nero, 79 B.C.

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The S C on the obverse stands for Senatus Consulto. This issue was authorized by Senate decree, most likely to pay for the extensive military operations during the dictator ship of Sulla. The obverse refers to the Sabine origin of the Claudius Gens. The control numbers run all the way to CLXX.
RR79744. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 310, Crawford 383/1, Sydenham 770a, RSC I Claudia 6, VF, toned, encrustations, weight 4.110 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 79 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Diana, bow and quiver over shoulder, SC before; reverse Victory in a biga right, raising wreath in right, palm and reins in left, ALX[?] (control number) below, TICLAVDTIF / AP N (VD and AP in monogram) in exergue; $100.00 (89.00)


Roman Republic, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, 89 B.C.

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The reverse refers to the rape of the Sabines. This moneyer traced his descent form the Sabines and perhaps from King Tatius himself. -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David R. Sear and Robert Loosley
RR77760. Silver denarius, Crawford 344/1a, Sydenham 698, RSC I Tituria 1, BMCRR I Rome 2322, SRCV I 249, F, uneven strike, porous, scratches, flan crack, weight 3.770 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 89 B.C; obverse bare head of Sabine King Tatius right, SABIN downward behind, TA (Tatius) monogram before; reverse two Roman soldiers running left, each bearing a Sabine woman in his arms, LTITVRI in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex M & R Coins; $135.00 (120.15)


Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.

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The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from Praeneste, in Latium, 23 miles east-southeast of Rome, home of the great temple to Fortuna Primigenia. Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The reverse likely depicts a pediment in the sanctuary. The epithet of Primigenia means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be Jupiter and Juno, and she was especially worshipped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later Theodosius I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.
SH76980. Silver denarius, BMCRR Rome 3524 (same wheel control); Crawford 405/1b; Sydenham 800a; SRCV I 340, F, banker's mark, weight 3.563 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 69 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Fortuna Primigenia right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; reverse temple pediment, ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ligate) on the architrave, CEST S C in exergue; very rare; $800.00 (712.00)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 170 - 160 B.C.

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Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR76436. Bronze as, cf. McCabe Anonymous K2, Crawford 198/1a, Sydenham 143, BMCRR 217, SRCV I 712, F, pitting, weight 28.660 g, maximum diameter 34.0 mm, die axis 270o, Rome(?) mint, c. 170 - 160 B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, I (mark of value) above, ROMA in exergue; scarce; $90.00 (80.10)


Roman Republic, Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, 86 B.C.

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The as is the only bronze denomination struck by these moneyers.
RR76801. Bronze as, BMCRR I Rome 2632, Crawford 350A/3c, Sydenham 722b, SRCV I 752, VF, encrusted areas, some spots of corrosion, weight 13.454 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 86 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I (mark of value above); reverse OGVL GAR VER (VL, AR, and VE ligate), war galley prow left, X (control letter) before prow; $250.00 (222.50)


Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.

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The obverse depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Caius Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a lex tabellaria, requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a praetor in 100 or 99 B.C., and proconsul of Hispania Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to help Gaius Marius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to Sulla, but failed.

The reverse honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri Epulones, the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in honor of Jove and the other gods. His uncle was an imperator, augur and decemvir, Imperator, Augur, Decemvir (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of Apollo, and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the exergue.
RS72975. Silver denarius, Crawford 437/2a, Sydenham 894, RSC I Coelia 7, BMCRR II 3837, SRCV I 404, Choice aF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.623 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; obverse C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, head of Coelius Caldus right, standard inscribed HIS (Hispania) behind, standard in the form of a boar (emblem of of Clunia, Hispania) before; reverse C CALDVS downward on left, IMP A X (Imperator, Augur, Decemvir) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD ligate, triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high lectisternium with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL ligate, Lucius Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; scarce; $165.00 (146.85)


Roman Republic, P. Furius Crassipes, 84 B.C.

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The clubfoot, crassipes in Latin, in a perfect example of typical Roman humor, replaces the moneyer's name in the obverse inscription. The chair refers to the moneyer's position as Aedile Curule. The turreted head probably indicates this special issue was authorized to finance a building project. Publius Fourius Crassipes is only known from his coins but he was probably the father of Fourius Crassipes who married Cicero's daughter, who became proquaestor in Sicily, and who struck bronze coins bearing his name at Panormus.
RR75815. Silver denarius, RSC I Furia 20, Sydenham 735, Crawford 356/1a, BMCRE I Rome 2604, SRCV I 275, VF, well struck foot (often poorly struck on the type), nice old cabinet toning, well centered, slightly uneven strike with weak areas, weight 3.870 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 84 B.C.; obverse AED CVR (downward on left), turreted head of Cybele right, clubfoot pointed upwards behind; reverse curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS, CRASSIPES in exergue; $100.00 (89.00)










REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, June 29, 2016.
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Roman Republic Coins of 99-50 B.C.