Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE
From the author of Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63 BC - 49 BC. This new book covers the thirty-four moneyers who minted between 81 and 64 BCE. Michael Harlan describes the fascinating details of historical events and the social context of the period, the moneyers' family histories, and how all these influenced the coin types.
BC59785. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE by Michael Harlan, reverse FORVM Roman Republic C. Licinius L.f. Macer 84 B.C. Silver Denarius; 240 pages with 144 enlarged illustrations, 2012; NEW!; $24.95 (€18.71)
Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.
Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Clio, the Muse of History.
SH90301. Silver denarius, RSC IPomponia 11, SRCV I 353, Sydenham 813, Crawford 410/3, gF, banker's marks, weight 3.585 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scroll tied with cord behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Clio, Muse of History standing left, reading from open scroll which she holds in both hands, left elbow rests on column; ex CNG auction 233 (26 April 2010), lot 315; $550.00 (€412.50)
Pontus(?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on another example known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverselegend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths.
SH66800. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, weight 7.222 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Pontus(?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q below; reverse two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $510.00 (€382.50)
Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverselegend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.
SH71045. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69; Imhoof-Blumer GRMK 281, VF/F, weight 6.826 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pontus (Amisos?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q (quaestor) below; reverse two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $480.00 (€360.00)
Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus, 67 B.C.
Struck by Cestianus serving as curule aedile by special decree of the Senate. Cestianus had also issued coins as moneyer two years before.
SH71031. Silver denarius, SRCV I 350, Sydenham 808, Crawford 409/2, RSC IPlaetoria 3, aEF, nice style, nice strike, polished, weight 3.777 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 67 B.C.; obverse CESTIANVS, turreted bust of Cybele right, forepart of lion behind, globe below chin; reverse M PLAETORIVS AED CVREX S C, curule chair, hammer (control symbol) left; $300.00 (€225.00)
Roman Republic, L. Procilius L.f., 80 B.C.
Sospita was a surname of Juno in Latium, Her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. She also had a two temples at Rome. Her statue, as described by Cicero, was covered with a goat skin. This statue may be the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute is the serpent, which inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not was destroyed.
RR68924. Silver denariusserratus, SRCV I 307, Sydenham 772, Crawford 379/2, RSC IProcilia 2, gVF, weight 3.868 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Italian mint, 80 B.C.; obverse head of Juno Sospita clad in goat skin right, S C (senatus consulto - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; reverseJuno Sospita in a biga right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake below, L.PROCILI.F in ex; $250.00 (€187.50)
Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Heraklestype was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
SH70437. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group V, monogram 2, 72 (OE6 / R63); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, spotty toning, light scratches, weight 16.820 g, maximum diameter 35.1 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left on hip, M monogram inner left; $180.00 (€135.00)
Roman Republic, L. Marcius Philippus, 56 B.C.
The Marciagens claimed descent from Ancus Marcius, the fourth king of Rome, who constructed the first aqueduct. The reverse honors the moneyer's ancestor, Q. Marcius Rex, who constructed the Aqua Marcia in 144 B.C. The lituus on the obverse may refer to the augurate of another ancestor, L. Marcius Philippus. This moneyer was the stepfather of Octavian.
RR71368. Silver denarius, SRCV I 382, Sydenham 919, Crawford 425/1, RSC IMarcia 28, aVF, toned, weight 3.573 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 56 B.C.; obverse diademed head of KingAncus Marcius right, lituus behind, ANCVS below; reverseequestrian statue of Q, Marcius Rex above the aqueduct, Aqua Marcia, flower below horse, AQVA MAR· (MAR in monogram) within the arches of the aqueduct, PHILIPPVS on left; $165.00 (€123.75)
Roman Republic, C. Vibius C.F. Pansa, 90 B.C.
RR59575. Copper as, Crawford 342/7d; Sydenham 690b; SRCV I 744, F, weight 7.587 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I above; reverseROMA, three galley prows right, C VIBI AV (AV ligate) in exergue, I right; $160.00 (€120.00)
Roman Republic, C. Vibius C.F. Pansa, 90 B.C.
This type is engraved with significant variation in style. Apollo on the obverse of this coin is the medium-sized head with hair in a knot behind.
RR59080. Silver denarius, RSC IVibia 2d, Sydenham 684, Crawford 342/5b, SRCV I 242, VF, weight 3.838 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, c. 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, PANSA behind, uncertain object (control symbol) below chin; reverseMinerva in a quadriga right, trophy over shoulder in right, spear and reins in left, C•VIBIVS•C•F• in exergue; $155.00 (€116.25)
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979). Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880). Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974). Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910). Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001). Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989). Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000). Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
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