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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>RomanRepublic>99-50B.C. PAGE 1/5123»»»

Roman Republic, 99 - 50 B.C.


Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE
Click for a larger photo From the author of Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63 BC - 49 BC. This new book covers the thirty-four moneyers who minted between 81 and 64 BCE. Michael Harlan describes the fascinating details of historical events and the social context of the period, the moneyers' family histories, and how all these influenced the coin types.
BC59785. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE by Michael Harlan, reverse FORVM Roman Republic C. Licinius L.f. Macer 84 B.C. Silver Denarius; 240 pages with 144 enlarged illustrations, 2012; NEW!; $24.95 (€18.71)

Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Clio, the Muse of History.
SH71011. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 11, SRCV I 353, Sydenham 813, Crawford 410/3, VF, porous, weight 3.501 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scroll tied with cord behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Clio, Muse of History standing left, reading from open scroll which she holds in both hands, left elbow rests on column; $650.00 (€487.50)

Roman Republic, M. Valerius Messalla, 53 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend PATRE COS, meaning "in the consulship of my father," believed to refer to the consulship of Messalla Rufus also in 53 B.C.
RR90606. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. Crawford 435/1; Sydenham 934; BMCRR Rome 3927 (official, Rome mint, sold silver, 53 B.C., very rare), aEF, tiny plating breaks, weight 3.004 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, counterfeiter mint, obverse MESSA• F, helmeted bust of Roma right from behind, undraped, wearing Corinthian helmet, spear over shoulder; reverse curule chair, PATRE COS above, S• - C• flanking legs, scepter and diadem below; $630.00 (€472.50)

Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Clio, the Muse of History.
SH90301. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 11, SRCV I 353, Sydenham 813, Crawford 410/3, gF, banker's marks, weight 3.585 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scroll tied with cord behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Clio, Muse of History standing left, reading from open scroll which she holds in both hands, left elbow rests on column; ex CNG auction 233 (26 April 2010), lot 315; $550.00 (€412.50)

Pontus(?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on another example known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths.
SH66800. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, weight 7.222 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Pontus(?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q below; reverse two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $510.00 (€382.50)

Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.
SH71045. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69; Imhoof-Blumer GRMK 281, VF/F, weight 6.826 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pontus (Amisos?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q (quaestor) below; reverse two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $480.00 (€360.00)

Roman Republic, A. Postumius A.f. Sp. n. Albinus, c. 81 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Refers to the praetorship of L. Postumius Albinus over Spain and his successful expeditions against the Vaccaei and Lusitani, and the levying of troops for this campaign.
SH70564. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 297, Sydenham 746, Crawford 372/2, RSC I Postumia 8, VF, toned, weight 3.970 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 81 B.C.; obverse HISPAN behind veiled head of Hispania right with disheveled hair; reverse togate figure standing left extending hand toward legionary eagle before him, fasces and axe behind, A• / ALBIN / N•S• vertical downward in fields from left to right, POST A.F. in ex; $300.00 (€225.00)

Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus, 67 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Struck by Cestianus serving as curule aedile by special decree of the Senate. Cestianus had also issued coins as moneyer two years before.
SH71031. Silver denarius, SRCV I 350, Sydenham 808, Crawford 409/2, RSC I Plaetoria 3, aEF, nice style, nice strike, polished, weight 3.777 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 67 B.C.; obverse CESTIANVS, turreted bust of Cybele right, forepart of lion behind, globe below chin; reverse M PLAETORIVS AED CVR EX S C, curule chair, hammer (control symbol) left; $300.00 (€225.00)

Roman Republic, L. Procilius L.f., 80 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Sospita was a surname of Juno in Latium, Her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. She also had a two temples at Rome. Her statue, as described by Cicero, was covered with a goat skin. This statue may be the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute is the serpent, which inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not was destroyed.
RR68924. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 307, Sydenham 772, Crawford 379/2, RSC I Procilia 2, gVF, weight 3.868 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Italian mint, 80 B.C.; obverse head of Juno Sospita clad in goat skin right, S C (senatus consulto - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; reverse Juno Sospita in a biga right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake below, L.PROCILI.F in ex; $250.00 (€187.50)

Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin honors the moneyer's ancestor, L. Cassius Longinus Ravill. The obverse alludes to his appointment as quaesitor in 113 B.C. for the retrial of three Vestal Virgins accused of unchastity. The reverse commemorates his successfull proposal of the Lex Cassia Tabellaria in 137 B.C., changing the Republic’s voting system to the secret ballot. To vote on a law, Roman ballots were marked V for uti rogas, meaning "as you ask," or the negative A for antiquo, meaning "maintain things as they are." For judicial votes, not guilty ballots were marked either A for absolvo or L for libero. Guilty ballots were marked either C for condemno or D for damno.

The obverse control letters come only from the moneyer's praenomen and nomen, L CASSI. A reversed S was used to indicate the second S in his name.
RR71367. Silver denarius, BMCRE I Rome 3930 (same C control letter), Crawford 413/1; Sydenham 935; RSC I Cassia 10; SRCV 364, VF, weight 3.856 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 63 B.C.; obverse veiled bust of Vesta left, C (control letter) before, kylix behind; reverse LONGIN•III•V (downward on right), voter standing left, dropping tablet (ballot) inscribed V into a cista; $200.00 (€150.00)



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REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Thursday, September 18, 2014.
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Roman Republic Coins of 99-50 B.C.