Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General MarcusClaudius Marcellus took Syracuse in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from Syracuse lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.
GB72622. Bronze AE 21, Calciati II p. 424, 227; SNG ANS 1066 ff.; SNG Cop 900; SNG München 1472 ff.; HGC 2 1474 (S), F, weight 11.185 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, 212 - c. 189 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus left; reverseNike in galloping in a biga right, whip(?) in right, reins in left, crescent above, ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in exergue; scarce; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Pella, Macedonia, c. 187 - 168 B.C.
Pella was founded in 399 B.C. by King Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of Philip II and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."
GB62137. Bronze AE 20, SNG München 269, SNG Cop 256, SNG ANS -, aF, weight 9.563 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, c. 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing crested Athenian helmet adorned with a griffin and foreparts of horses (as on contemporary Athenian tetradrachms); reverse ΠEΛΛHΣ (in exergue), Nike driving biga right, star above, stalk of grain below; rare; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
Krannon, Thessaly, Greece, 350 - 300 B.C.
In 322 B.C., at Krannon, Thessaly, the Macedonian general Antipater decisively defeated an anti-Macedonian alliance of the Athenians, Aetolians, Thessalians, the Phoceans, the Lokrians and some Peloponnesian states. After the defeat, Athens was forced to abolish its democracy, the leaders responsible for the war were sentenced to death and a Macedonian garrison was stationed at the port of Mounychia.
GB49819. Bronze dichalkon, Rogers 199; BMC Thessaly p. 16, 5 var (no obv letter); SNG Cop 43 var (same); SGCV I 2073, F, weight 5.062 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 165o, Krannon mint, 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, wearing petasos and chlamys, K behind; reverse K-PA/NNO, hydria (water carrying vessel) mounted on cart; ex BCD collection; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40
Aesernia, Samnium, Italy, c. 263 - 240 B.C.
Aesernia, a Samnite city, received a Roman colony in 264 B.C. It remained faithful to Rome through the Second Punic War. During the Social War it resisted the confederates until it was forced, by famine after a protracted siege, to surrender. Aesernia became for a time the headquarters of the Italic League. After Sulla defeated the Samnites, Aesernia was so severely punished for its defection that it was utterly deserted. Recovery was slow but by the time of Trajan and the Antonines Aesernia was again an important town.
GB71303. Bronze AE 22, HN Italy 430, SNG Cop 256, SNG München 111, SNG ANS 118, Sambon 187, Campana CNAI 4, SGCV I 536, F, weight 6.438 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 90o, Aesernia (Isernia, Italy) mint, c. 263 - 240 B.C.; obverseVOLCANOM, head of Vulcan left, wearing laureate pileus, tongs behind; reverse AISERNINO, Jupiter driving biga right, Nike above flying right crowing horses; rare; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00