Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coin types.GP83552. Bronze octobol, 446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, VF, , bumps and scratches, light corrosion, , 88.174 g, maximum 46.6 mm, 0o, mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs; ; $400.00 (€356.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG XII
This old Caesarean legion was known at different times as , Antiquae, Paterna and finally XII Fulminata ('the thunderers'). Its veterans settled (among other places) in Patras in . After fighting without great distinction in the First Jewish Revolt, the legion was transferred to Melitene in , where it remained for several hundred years.RR76782. Silver , 544/20, 1224, II East 198, 34, VF, , contact marks, , 3.561 g, maximum 19.3 mm, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XII, ( ) between two legionary standards; $360.00 (€320.40)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.RS79795. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, VF, slightly off-center, banker's mark on , 3.714 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $360.00 (€320.40)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.; Perinthus, ;
All the Latin coins of Perinthus are . BMC does not list Perinthus mint, but identifies this as "barbarous." RIC notes the existence of Balkan , , and but does not catalog them.
RPC attributes the to Nicaea, .RS77050. Bronze as, pl. VII, 1762, 391 var. (barbarous); c/m: 92, p. 345 (Nicaea, , Apr 68 - Jan 69), VF, c/m: VF, dark blue-green , 9.665 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, mid 66 - 9 Jun 68 A.D.; CLAVDIVS AVG IMP, laureate right, : ΓAΛBA in a rectangular punch; standing facing on ovoid globe, wings open, right, divided across above center; ; $350.00 (€311.50)
Kabyle, , c. 219 - 215 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
The dies for this were also used with dies naming the Gaulish Kavaros. Die wear shows the Alexanderine types followed Kavaros' coinage, indicating this was likely struck during the revolt of the Thracians, which brought about the chieftain's death and the end of Gaulish rule. Kavaros ruled until at least 219 B.C., when he participated in a treaty between and . The compares closely with issues of Dionysopolis, Mesembria, and Odessus.SH69935. Silver , 882a, 845 ff., 399, VF, 16.205 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Cabyle mint, time of the Thracian Revolt, c. 219 - 215 B; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, Demeter standing facing torch in each hand; $330.00 (€293.70)
, Antigonos I Monophthalmos, 320 - 306 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") was a nobleman and (general and governor) under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C.SH79282. Silver , cf. 2646 ff., 368, gVF, excellent , well struck on a , off-center, light marks and corrosion, 16.729 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 90o, , Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, as of , 318 - 315 B.D.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, around waist and legs, right foot drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, Γ left, A under throne; nothing ( 2646), a ( 2647), or an ivy leaf ( 2649A) in ; Naville Numismatics Ltd., auction 18, lot 29; $320.00 (€284.80)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
In 76 A.D., Emperor and were the Roman Consuls.RS79805. Silver , , 1, . 873 (R2); 60; . 192 note (cites ); 168 var. ( right); 2438 var. (same), aVF, attractive left, , small edge cracks, 3.451 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 76 A.D.; T IMP (counterclockwise), laureate left; standing facing on a garlanded base, wings open, left, COS - V flanking across ; very left; $310.00 (€275.90)
Istros, , Late 5th - 4th Century B.C.
The has been variously interpreted as representing the , the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - and Their Values by David .GS76336. Silver , Black Sea 230 - 231, -, -, -, -, gVF, areas of light corrosion, some light marks, , 5.561 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, Late 5th - 4th Century B.C.; Facing male heads, left inverted; IΣTPIH, sea-eagle grasping a with talons, Γ below ; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, Seleukos, in Babylon, 311 - 306 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck in the name of Alexander, this coin also bears the personal badge of Seleukos, an . Seleukos was first appointed in in 320 B.C. but was put to flight by in 315. He returned in 311 only to be forced to evacuate later that year by a counterattack by Antigonus' son, Demetrius. Not long after, however, Seleukos again recovered the city.SH60135. Silver , I 293, 3449 (Marthus), 1512, aVF/F, 16.601 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 225o, uncertain mint, c. 311 - 305 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, flukes up flanked by ∆ - I in left , under throne; $290.00 (€258.10)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
stands for . According to H. R. this initial issue of coins was minted in Rome. Indeed the portrait is unmistakably that of the mint of Rome, and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely by the Rome mint.SH60149. , 899, 304, 507, EF, 13.825 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, Rome or Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPC EΞOYCIAC, standing facing on ground line, wings open, and tail left, in beak, below wings, in ; double strike evident in , minor , small encrustations, very , handsome portrait and ; $285.00 (€253.65)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, standing right, right, wings open, in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ; $280.00 (€249.20)
, II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Most people expect the crests on ancient helmets to strictly run from front to back. Officer's helmets, however, frequently had a crest running from ear to ear, as on the helmet used as a control symbol on the of this coin. The two ear flaps dangle below the and visor of the helmet. SH75314. Silver , 618 (same die); , Administrative VI.1, die A1; 629; 233; -, -, VF, centered, golden , , light scratches and marks, lamination defect on , 16.793 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 90o, (or Amphipolis?) mint, c. 275 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing on left, ΠAP under seat strut, KE in ; ex CNG auction 349, lot 35; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
commemorative struck by Aurelius' son, .
p. 62 notes that the "spear head" variety listed by is probably from an altered die. We have, however, found coins from more than one die with this object. It is not clear to us why identified this indistinct object as a spear .
RS77835. Silver , 82; C271; 478-4/10, 4; 24 var., note. p. 692, VF, small edge cracks, 3.130 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, , 180 A.D.; M ANTONINVS , right; , standing left on thunderbolt, right, wings open, spear (?) in beak; $250.00 (€222.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV , 221 - 204 B.C.
Ptolemy IV's surname means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and . He was a cruel and evil monarch.GP84079. Bronze , 1127; 202; 145; p. 57, 109 - 110; 50 (Ptolemy II, 253 - 249 B.C.), F, nice surfaces, scratches and marks, edge cracks, , 36.394 g, maximum 38.2 mm, 0o, mint, 221 - 204 B.C.; horned of Zeus right, wearing ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted left, ∆I between eagle's legs; $250.00 (€222.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coin types.GP75643. Bronze octobol, 446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, aF, 77.706 g, maximum 46.9 mm, 0o, mint, diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs; $240.00 (€213.60)
, , c. 425 - 406 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on , but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.GI76960. Bronze hemilitron, I p. 173, 28; p. 16, 94; pl. 66, 6; -; -; -; -; -, aF, dark green , 16.268 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 180o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, c. 425 - 406 B.C.; AKPA, left, wings open, lowered, clutching supine hare in talons; crab seen from above, left below, three pairs of pellets flanking claws (six total, mark of value), all within a shallow round ; very ; $240.00 (€213.60)
Hierapolis-Kastabala, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Hierapolis-Kastabala was an ancient city in Pedias, three kilometers ancient Pyramus. Alexander the Great stopped at Kastabala before the Battle of Issus in 333 B.C. Antiochus IV refounded the city with the name . In the first century B.C., was the capital of a small local kingdom under the rule of the former Cilician pirate Tarcondimotus I, an ally of . referred to the city as Rome's most loyal ally beyond the and the best friend of the Roman people. The city was known for its temple of Perasia. Strabo wrote of her priestesses who, in a trance, would walk barefoot over hot coals without damage.GY73092. Bronze AE 15, cf. CNG e-auction 250, lot 112; otherwise apparently unpublished; -, SNG Levante-, SNGvA-, -, -, F, , highlighting "desert" , some corrosion, 2.776 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 90o, Hieropolis-Kastabola, mint, 2nd - 1st centuries B.C.; , draped of right, dotted ; standing left on torch, wings open, left, IEPOΠOΛITΩN above, ΠPOΣ TΩI ΠYPA[NA?] below; extremely ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., Struck in the Name of Philip
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.SH75320. Silver , P43, P50, 938, aEF, some die wear, 4.238 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; ex (2005); $200.00 (€178.00)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Struck by Menander, the of , 331 - 321 B.C. or by (Cleitus the White), the of , 321 - 318 B.C., in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Philip and Alexander's infant son Alexander IV were made joint kings by Alexander's generals, who really only intended to use them as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by , Alexander's mother, to ensure the succession of her grandson.
RS77030. Silver , P106, Series XV, VF, nice , , slightly double struck, light marks, 4.276 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, Menander or , c. 322 - 318 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, rose left, under throne; $200.00 (€178.00)
Graxa, , Italy, 250 - 200 B.C.
The location of Graxa has not yet been discovered and the dating of the coinage is also uncertain. dates this c. 250 - 200 B.C. dates it 200 - 89 B.C.GB77977. Bronze AE 12, 797, , p. 222, 8 (uncertain ); 773; 749; 249 (crescent vice ), VF/F, green , earthen deposits, , 1.673 g, maximum 11.8 mm, 180o, Graxa mint, 250 - 200 B.C.; cockle shell; right thunderbolt in talons, wings open, right, ΓPA below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
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