, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
was assassinated near on 8 April 217, while urinating on a roadside. When his escort gave him privacy to relieve himself, Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard, ran forward and killed with a single sword stroke. Martialis fled on horseback, but was killed by a bodyguard archer. Herodian says had executed Martialis' brother a few days earlier on an unproven charge. Cassius Dio says that Martialis was resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion. , the Praetorian Guard Prefect, who succeeded him as emperor, may have arranged the assassination.SH70946. ON RESERVE
, 830, 159, -, -, gVF, nice portrait, metal, on a , 13.320 g, maximum 24.6 mm, 0o, Zeugma mint, Cos. 4, 215 - 217 A.D.; AVT K M ANTΩNEINOC CEB, right, bare back and shoulder, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠA TO ∆, standing facing, and tail right, wings open, wreath in beak, upper left, crescent between legs, two pellets in ; ex Ancient Resource (Pasadena, CA); $400.00 (€348.00)
Istros, , 400 - 350 B.C.
The has been variously interpreted as representing the , the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - and Their Values by David Sear.
SH75321. Silver ON RESERVE
, 144; 237; 144; p. 25, 2, EF, and struck, 5.450 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 90o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; facing male heads, right inverted; IΣTPIH, sea-eagle left grasping a left with talons, A below; $400.00 (€348.00)
Kabyle, , c. 219 - 215 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
The dies for this were also used with dies naming the Gaulish Kavaros. Die wear shows the Alexanderine types followed Kavaros' coinage, indicating this was likely struck during the revolt of the Thracians, which brought about the chieftain's death and the end of Gaulish rule. Kavaros ruled until at least 219 B.C., when he participated in a treaty between and . The compares closely with issues of Dionysopolis, Mesembria, and Odessus.SH69935. Silver , 882a, 845 ff., 399, VF, 16.205 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Cabyle mint, time of the Thracian Revolt, c. 219 - 215 B; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, Demeter standing facing torch in each hand; $370.00 (€321.90)
, Son of and , 12 February 41 - 11 February 55 A.D., ,
was born in 41 A.D., son of Cladius I and . Although the natural heir to the empire, was passed over in favor of who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death.SH54008. Bronze AE 17, 2431 (4 specimens), -, , 3.696 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 0o, mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; BPETANNIKOC , of right; AIΓAEΩN EΠI XAΛEOY, Zeus standing left, facing, in right, long behind in left; extremely ; $350.00 (€304.50)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Antioch,
The Sela Neron ( ) is mentioned in the Mishna Keilim 17:12.
Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo was the Propraetorial Imperial Legate of Roman from 60 - 63 A.D. In 58 A.D. Corbulo, who had been Caligula's brother-in-law, had defeated the . Tigranes, who grew up in Rome, was installed as of . In 63, again fell under Parthian hegemony. Corbulo crossed the Euphrates with a strong army. The new Armenian Tiridates refused battle, laid down his diadem at the foot of the emperor's statue, and promised not to resume it until he received it from the hand of himself in Rome. In 67, , suspicious of Corbulo and his support among the Roman masses, summoned him to . On his arrival at Cenchreae, the of Corinth, messengers from met Corbulo, and ordered him to commit suicide, which he loyally obeyed by falling on his own sword, saying, "Axios!"SH73960. Silver , 258, 82, 4182, gVF, 14.269 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 61 - 62 A.D.; NEPΩNOΣ KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate beardless right wearing ; standing on a thunderbolt, wings spread, frond left, H / IP right (regnal year 8 & year 110 of the Caesarian era); $350.00 (€304.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III , which was perhaps taken over from . The III Augusta was probably an legion.RS73643. Silver , 544/15, 1217, II East 193, 28, aVF, 3.378 g, maximum 17.9 mm, ,180o, (?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - III, ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; $350.00 (€304.50)
, Ptolemy I, as in , 323 - 305 B.C.
Ptolemy Lagides was a Macedonian general who, after Alexander's death, became the of under the nominal kings Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. By custom, kings in asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to preempt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took stole the body of Alexander. Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Thus began the long series of wars between the , Alexander's successors. In 305, Ptolemy took the titles and pharaoh, founding the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.
GP72061. Bronze , 172 (as ); p. 8, 62 (295 - 284, ); 36; 5; 21; -; -, VF, , red and brown , 4.503 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 315o, mint, 310 - 305 B.C.; diademed and horned of deified Alexander the Great right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY (no title, upward on left), standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings open, above helmet on left; ex ; ; $330.00 (€287.10)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coins.GP75643. Bronze octobol, 446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, aF, 77.706 g, maximum 46.9 mm, 0o, mint, diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs; $300.00 (€261.00)
, Seleukos, in Babylon, 311 - 306 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck in the name of Alexander, this coin also bears the personal badge of Seleukos, an . Seleukos was first appointed in in 320 B.C. but was put to flight by in 315. He returned in 311 only to be forced to evacuate later that year by a counterattack by Antigonus' son, Demetrius. Not long after, however, Seleukos again recovered the city.SH60135. Silver , I 293, 3449 (Marthus), 1512, aVF/F, 16.601 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 225o, uncertain mint, c. 311 - 305 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, flukes up flanked by ∆ - I in left , under throne; $290.00 (€252.30)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
stands for . According to H. R. this initial issue of coins was minted in Rome. Indeed the portrait is unmistakably that of the mint of Rome, and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely by the Rome mint.SH60149. , 899, 304, 507, EF, 13.825 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, Rome or Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPC EΞOYCIAC, standing facing on ground line, wings open, and tail left, wreath in beak, below wings, in ; double strike evident in , minor crack, small encrustations, very , handsome portrait and ; $285.00 (€247.95)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, standing right, right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ; $280.00 (€243.60)
, Commemorative Issued by , 250 - 251 A.D.
RIC notes that the commencement of the divi series of may be attributed with certainty by their to and issue may have continued into the reign of .RS72388. Silver , 85b (R), 666, 9740, -, F, , 4.575 g, maximum 22.6 mm, 45o, Mediolanum ( , Italy) mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; TRAIANO, right, slight drapery on left shoulder; , standing half right, wings open, turned back left; ; $280.00 (€243.60)
, II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Most people expect the crests on ancient helmets to strictly run from front to back. Officer's helmets, however, frequently had a crest running from ear to ear, as on the helmet used as a control symbol on the of this coin. The two ear flaps dangle below the and visor of the helmet.
SH75314. Silver , 618 (same obv. die); , Administrative VI.1, obv. die A1; 629; 233; -, -, VF, centered, golden , test cut, light scratches and marks, lamination defect on , 16.793 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 90o, (or Amphipolis?) mint, c. 275 - 270 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in right, long vertical behind in left, crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing on left, ΠAP under seat strut, KE in ; ex CNG auction 349, lot 35; $280.00 (€243.60)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed (general) in and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of in taking the title of , ruling , and . In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
SH75319. Silver , L25, 125, -, aEF, 4.178 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, , Kolophon mint, 299 - 296 B.C.; of right clad in scalp headdress tied at his neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus seated left on throne, extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left, forepart of left over ∆I on left, K under throne; ex 2008, ex ; $260.00 (€226.20)
Mesembria, , c. 125 - 65 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . Today it is a seaside resort and a man-made isthmus connects it to the coast. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms possibly as early as 275 B.C. It is likely Mesembria issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms, possibly even under Roman rule, as late as 65 B.C.GS74508. Silver , 1128; 487, gVF, double struck, die damage, edge crack, 33.92 g, maximum 16.348 mm, 0o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 65 B.C.; of right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, ∆IO horizontal under arm in inner left , AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, MEΣAM below; ex Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann auction 27 (4 Jan 2015), lot 110; $250.00 (€217.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
The XIII Gemina probably fought for , and so is not likely to be the Thirteenth Legion referred to on this coin.
SH75371. Silver , 544/20, 1224, II East 198, RSC 34, F, dark , bankers' marks, some scratches and marks under tone, traces of deposits, shallow edge test, a little off center, 3.305 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III•VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - XIII, ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; ex CNG e-auction 353, lot 419; $250.00 (€217.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
RR75378. Silver , cf. 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27 ff., VF, nice galley, rough, off center, 3.311 g, maximum 17.9 mm, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - [...], ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; $250.00 (€217.50)
, , 188 - 187 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
After Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian . Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own evnvoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city. The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms - they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4.000 horses annually.
At the time this coin was struck, the territory of Aspendos was surrounded by the Attalid's but retained independence.SH59445. Silver , 2904, 1217, 312, gF, 15.885 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 0o, Aspendos mint, 188 - 187 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Seleukid : in a rectangluar punch; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, extended in right, long vertical behind in left, wreath above AΣ / KE left (year 25 Era of Aspendos); $230.00 (€200.10)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Minted shortly after Alexander's death, under the rule his brother, Philip III Arrhidaeus. Philip III was mentally disabled and power was divided among his advisers and Alexander's generals. Philip was murdered in October 317 by , Alexander's mother, to ensure the succession of her grandson.
SH75320. Silver , P43, P50, 938, aEF, some die wear, 4.238 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 0o, , Kolophon mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; ex (2005); $225.00 (€195.75)
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.SH54977. Silver quarter-ma'ah-obol, 32; pl. 21, 24; 1087, gF, 0.192 g, maximum 6.4 mm, 180o, Jerusalem(?) mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right; standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; $215.00 (€187.05)
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