Kabyle, , c. 219 - 215 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
The dies for this were also used with dies naming the Gaulish Kavaros. Die wear shows the Alexanderine types followed Kavaros' coinage, indicating this was likely struck during the revolt of the Thracians, which brought about the chieftain's death and the end of Gaulish rule. Kavaros ruled until at least 219 B.C., when he participated in a treaty between and . The compares closely with issues of Dionysopolis, Mesembria, and Odessus.SH69935. Silver , 882a, 845 ff., 399, VF, 16.205 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Cabyle mint, time of the Thracian Revolt, c. 219 - 215 B; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, Demeter standing facing torch in each hand; $370.00 (€325.60)
, Son of and , 12 February 41 - 11 February 55 A.D., ,
was born in 41 A.D., son of Cladius I and . Although the natural heir to the empire, was passed over in favor of who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death.SH54008. Bronze AE 17, 2431 (4 specimens), -, , 3.696 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 0o, mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; BPETANNIKOC , of right; AIΓAEΩN EΠI XAΛEOY, Zeus standing left, facing, in right, long behind in left; extremely ; $350.00 (€308.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG XIX
This LEG XIX was probably raised by Antony and disbanded by . The old Caesarean legions XVII, XVIII and XIX were destroyed with Scribonius Curio in in 49 B.C., by ( ), and then destroyed again in Germany under Quinctilius Varus in 9 A.D.SH76755. Silver , 544/35, 1242, II East 214, 55, VF, , scuff on galley, some deposits in devices, 3.225 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III•VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XIX, ( ) between two legionary standards; ex CNG auction 146 (23 Aug 2006), lot 200; $350.00 (€308.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III , which was perhaps taken over from . The III Augusta was probably an legion.RS73643. Silver , 544/15, 1217, II East 193, 28, 350, aVF, 3.378 g, maximum 17.9 mm, ,180o, (?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - III, ( ) between two legionary standards; $300.00 (€264.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coins.GP75643. Bronze octobol, 446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, aF, 77.706 g, maximum 46.9 mm, 0o, mint, diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs; $300.00 (€264.00)
, Seleukos, in Babylon, 311 - 306 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck in the name of Alexander, this coin also bears the personal badge of Seleukos, an . Seleukos was first appointed in in 320 B.C. but was put to flight by in 315. He returned in 311 only to be forced to evacuate later that year by a counterattack by Antigonus' son, Demetrius. Not long after, however, Seleukos again recovered the city.SH60135. Silver , I 293, 3449 (Marthus), 1512, aVF/F, 16.601 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 225o, uncertain mint, c. 311 - 305 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, flukes up flanked by ∆ - I in left , under throne; $290.00 (€255.20)
, Ptolemy I, as in , 323 - 305 B.C.
Ptolemy Lagides was a Macedonian general who, after Alexander's death, became the of under the nominal kings Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. By custom, kings in asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to preempt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took stole the body of Alexander. Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Thus began the long series of wars between the , Alexander's successors. In 305, Ptolemy took the titles and pharaoh, founding the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.
GP72061. Bronze , 172 (as ); p. 8, 62 (295 - 284, ); 36; 5; 21; -; -, VF, , red and brown , 4.503 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 315o, mint, 310 - 305 B.C.; diademed and horned of deified Alexander the Great right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY (no title, upward on left), standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings open, above helmet on left; ex ; ; $290.00 (€255.20)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
stands for . According to H. R. this initial issue of coins was minted in Rome. Indeed the portrait is unmistakably that of the mint of Rome, and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely by the Rome mint.SH60149. , 899, 304, 507, EF, 13.825 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, Rome or Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPC EΞOYCIAC, standing facing on ground line, wings open, and tail left, wreath in beak, below wings, in ; double strike evident in , minor crack, small encrustations, very , handsome portrait and ; $285.00 (€250.80)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, standing right, right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ; $280.00 (€246.40)
, II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Most people expect the crests on ancient helmets to strictly run from front to back. Officer's helmets, however, frequently had a crest running from ear to ear, as on the helmet used as a control symbol on the of this coin. The two ear flaps dangle below the and visor of the helmet. SH75314. Silver , 618 (same obv. die); , Administrative VI.1, obv. die A1; 629; 233; -, -, VF, centered, golden , test cut, light scratches and marks, lamination defect on , 16.793 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 90o, (or Amphipolis?) mint, c. 275 - 270 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in right, long vertical behind in left, crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing on left, ΠAP under seat strut, KE in ; ex CNG auction 349, lot 35; $280.00 (€246.40)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed (general) in and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of in taking the title of , ruling , and . In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.SH75319. Silver , L25, 125, -, aEF, 4.178 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, , Kolophon mint, 299 - 296 B.C.; of right clad in scalp headdress tied at his neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus seated left on throne, extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left, forepart of left over ∆I on left, K under throne; ex 2008, ex ; $260.00 (€228.80)
Hierapolis-Kastabala, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Hierapolis-Kastabala was an ancient city in Pedias, three kilometers ancient Pyramus. Alexander the Great stopped at Kastabala before the Battle of Issus in 333 B.C. Antiochus IV refounded the city with the name . In the first century B.C., was the capital of a small local kingdom under the rule of the former Cilician pirate Tarcondimotus I, an ally of . referred to the city as Rome's most loyal ally beyond the and the best friend of the Roman people. The city was known for its temple of Perasia. Strabo wrote of her priestesses who, in a trance, would walk barefoot over hot coals without damage.GY73092. Bronze AE 15, cf. CNG e-auction 250, lot 112; otherwise apparently unpublished; -, SNG Levante-, SNGvA-, -, -, F, , highlighting "desert" , some corrosion, 2.776 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 90o, Hieropolis-Kastabola, mint, 2nd - 1st centuries B.C.; , draped of right, dotted ; standing left on torch, wings open, left, IEPOΠOΛITΩN above, ΠPOΣ TΩI ΠYPA[NA?] below; extremely ; $250.00 (€220.00)
Mesembria, , c. 125 - 65 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . Today it is a seaside resort and a man-made isthmus connects it to the coast. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms possibly as early as 275 B.C. It is likely Mesembria issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms, possibly even under Roman rule, as late as 65 B.C.GS74508. Silver , 1128; 487, gVF, double struck, die damage, edge crack, 33.92 g, maximum 16.348 mm, 0o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 65 B.C.; of right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, ∆IO horizontal under arm in inner left , AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, MEΣAM below; ex Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann auction 27 (4 Jan 2015), lot 110; $250.00 (€220.00)
, , Timoleon, 344 - 336 B.C.
Threatened by and dominated by Hiketas, the tyrant of Leontini, Syracusans sent an appeal for to their mother city, Corinth. By a unanimous vote Corinth selected Timoleon to set sail for with a few leading citizens of Corinth and a small troop of Greek mercenaries. After defeating Hiketas, Timoleon put order to Syracuse' affairs and established a democratic government. He repelled in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island. Timoleon then retired without any title or office, though he remained practically supreme. He became blind before his death, but when important issues were under discussion he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. When he died the citizens of erected a monument to his memory, afterward surrounded with porticoes, and a gymnasium called Timoleonteum.
GI76973. Bronze , II p. 168, 72 st 3; 477 ff.; 727, VF, nice , nice , off center but not detracting, small spots of corrosion on edge, 15.716 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 45o, mint, c. 342 - 338 B.C.; ZEYΣEA EYΘEPTOΣ, laureate of Zeus Eleutherios right; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, thunderbolt, on right standing right with wings closed; $250.00 (€220.00)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.SH75320. Silver , P43, P50, 938, aEF, some die wear, 4.238 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 0o, , Kolophon mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; ex (2005); $225.00 (€198.00)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Struck by Menander, the of , 331 - 321 B.C. or by Kleitos (Cleitus the White), the of , 321 - 318 B.C., in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Philip and Alexander's infant son Alexander IV were made joint kings by Alexander's generals, who really only intended to use them as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by , Alexander's mother, to ensure the succession of her grandson.
RS77030. Silver , P106, Series XV, VF, nice , , slightly double struck, light marks, 4.276 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, Menander or Kleitos, c. 322 - 318 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, in right, long vertical behind in left, rose left, under throne; $225.00 (€198.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy Nios under Ptolemy II, 268 - 259 B.C.
Very and missing from most collections. knew only the single BMC example, which he attributed to Ptolemy II and Ake-Ptolemais mint.
Ptolemy Nios was the son of and , as well as the step-son and co-ruler of Ptolemy II from 268 - 259 B.C. He was removed from his co-regency after he rebelled in 259 B.C., but remained as ruler of Telmessos in until after 240 B.C.GB64051. Bronze , 792, pl. XXV, 22 (Ake-Ptolemais); p. 65, 29 (Ptolemy IV, Ptolemais); -; -; -; -, -, VF, 5.044 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, , Telmessos mint, c. 260 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings closed, tripod left, ΠTO right; very ; $215.00 (€189.20)
, , c. 490 - 425 B.C.
Long used as a Hittite , was re-founded as a Greek colony by Miletus in the 7th century B.C. flourished as the Black Sea of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley. The city escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century B.C. In 183 B.C. it was captured by Pharnaces I and became the capital of the kingdom of . Lucullus conquered for Rome in 70 B.C., and established a Roman colony there, , in 47 B.C. It remained with the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantines). It was a of the Empire of Trebizond from the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 until the capture of the city by the Seljuk Turks of Rûm in 1214.GA70807. Silver , 1359, 272, 750, aVF, 6.069 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 90o, (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 490 - 425 B.C.; of sea left, below; quadripartite square with two opposing quarters filled, the others stippled and with pellet in inner corner; ex J. , buy-or-bid sale, July 2010 ; $200.00 (€176.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 B.C.
Ptolemy III was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in . He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response he invaded , occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9.GP75645. Bronze tetrobol, 974, 224 - 226 (Ptolemy IV), 91 (Ptolemy IV), 155 (Ptolemy IV), 45 (Ptolemy IV), 246 (Ptolemy IV), VF, 42.461 g, maximum 37.4 mm, 0o, mint, c. 246 - 230 B.C.; of Zeus right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing half left on , wings closed, right, filleted ascending behind from shoulder, E between legs; $200.00 (€176.00)
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.SH54977. Silver quarter ma'ah, 32; pl. 21, 24; 1087, gF, 0.192 g, maximum 6.4 mm, 180o, Jerusalem(?) mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right; standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; $195.00 (€171.60)
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