, , 450 - 440 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on , but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.GI76829. Cast bronze trias, I, p. 143, 1; pl. I, 1; 61; 1015; 832; 126 (R1);, VF, green , earthen deposits, some light corrosion, 16.186 g, mint, 450 - 440 B.C.; cast near tooth-shaped flattened form, four pellets on flat top, sea-eagle standing left on one side, crab opposite; ; $400.00 (€356.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG XII
This old Caesarean legion was known at different times as , Antiquae, Paterna and finally XII Fulminata ('the thunderers'). Its veterans settled (among other places) in Patras in . After fighting without great distinction in the First Jewish Revolt, the legion was transferred to Melitene in , where it remained for several hundred years.RR76782. Silver , 544/20, 1224, II East 198, 34, VF, , contact marks, , 3.561 g, maximum 19.3 mm, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XII, ( ) between two legionary standards; $400.00 (€356.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.RS79795. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, VF, slightly off center, banker's mark on , 3.714 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $400.00 (€356.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coin types.
GP83552. Bronze octobol, 446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, VF, , bumps and scratches, light corrosion, , 88.174 g, maximum 46.6 mm, 0o, mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs; ; $400.00 (€356.00)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
In 76 A.D., Emperor and were the Roman Consuls.RS79805. Silver , , 1, . 873 (R2); 60; . 192 note (cites ); 168 var. ( right); 2438 var. (same), aVF, attractive left, , small edge cracks, 3.451 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 76 A.D.; T IMP (counterclockwise), laureate left; standing facing on a garlanded base, wings open, left, COS - V flanking across ; very left; $350.00 (€311.50)
Roman Republic, , Triumvir & , and Ti. Sempronius Gracchus, Consul Desig., 40 B.C.
Though Gracchus' coin inscriptions indicate he was designate, nothing else is known of his life. The , , plow and surveyor's rod allude to Octavian's resettlement of some 40,000 retiring veterans after the Battle of . This may have been struck to fund the resettlement.RR79809. Silver , 525/2, 1127, I Rome 4314, 326, 523 , F, , holed and filled, scratches and marks, 3.700 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 315o, Rome mint, 40 B.C.; DIVI ·F (son of the divine Julius), of right, wearing slight beard; TI·SEMPRON (above), GRACCHVS (below), Q DESIG (upward on left), (upward on right), legionary and , plow and decempeda (surveyor's rod), ( ) in lower inner ; very ; $350.00 (€311.50)
Kabyle, , c. 219 - 215 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
The dies for this were also used with dies naming the Gaulish Kavaros. Die wear shows the Alexanderine types followed Kavaros' coinage, indicating this was likely struck during the revolt of the Thracians, which brought about the chieftain's death and the end of Gaulish rule. Kavaros ruled until at least 219 B.C., when he participated in a treaty between and . The compares closely with issues of Dionysopolis, Mesembria, and Odessus.SH69935. Silver , 882a, 845 ff., 399, VF, 16.205 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Cabyle mint, time of the Thracian Revolt, c. 219 - 215 B; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, Demeter standing facing torch in each hand; $330.00 (€293.70)
, Antigonos I Monophthalmos, 320 - 306 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") was a nobleman and (general and governor) under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C.SH79282. Silver , cf. 2646 ff., 368, gVF, excellent , well struck on a , off center, light marks and corrosion, 16.729 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 90o, , Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, as of , 318 - 315 B.D.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, around waist and legs, right foot drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, Γ left, A under throne; nothing ( 2646), a ( 2647), or an ivy leaf ( 2649A) in ; Naville Numismatics Ltd., auction 18, lot 29; $320.00 (€284.80)
Istros, , Late 5th - 4th Century B.C.
The has been variously interpreted as representing the , the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - and Their Values by David Sear.GS76336. Silver , Black Sea 230 - 231, -, -, -, -, gVF, areas of light corrosion, some light marks, , 5.561 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, Late 5th - 4th Century B.C.; Facing male heads, left inverted; IΣTPIH, sea-eagle grasping a with talons, Γ below ; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, Son of and , 12 February 41 - 11 February 55 A.D., ,
was born in 41 A.D., son of Cladius I and . Although the natural heir to the empire, was passed over in favor of who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death.SH54008. Bronze AE 17, 2431 (4 specimens), -, , 3.696 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 0o, mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; BPETANNIKOC , of right; AIΓAEΩN EΠI XAΛEOY, Zeus standing left, facing, in right, long behind in left; extremely ; $290.00 (€258.10)
, Seleukos, in Babylon, 311 - 306 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck in the name of Alexander, this coin also bears the personal badge of Seleukos, an . Seleukos was first appointed in in 320 B.C. but was put to flight by in 315. He returned in 311 only to be forced to evacuate later that year by a counterattack by Antigonus' son, Demetrius. Not long after, however, Seleukos again recovered the city.SH60135. Silver , I 293, 3449 (Marthus), 1512, aVF/F, 16.601 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 225o, uncertain mint, c. 311 - 305 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, flukes up flanked by ∆ - I in left , under throne; $290.00 (€258.10)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
stands for . According to H. R. this initial issue of coins was minted in Rome. Indeed the portrait is unmistakably that of the mint of Rome, and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely by the Rome mint.SH60149. , 899, 304, 507, EF, 13.825 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, Rome or Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPC EΞOYCIAC, standing facing on ground line, wings open, and tail left, in beak, below wings, in ; double strike evident in , minor , small encrustations, very , handsome portrait and ; $285.00 (€253.65)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, standing right, right, wings open, in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ; $280.00 (€249.20)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coin types.GP75643. Bronze octobol, 446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, aF, 77.706 g, maximum 46.9 mm, 0o, mint, diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs; $270.00 (€240.30)
, II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Most people expect the crests on ancient helmets to strictly run from front to back. Officer's helmets, however, frequently had a crest running from ear to ear, as on the helmet used as a control symbol on the of this coin. The two ear flaps dangle below the and visor of the helmet. SH75314. Silver , 618 (same die); , Administrative VI.1, die A1; 629; 233; -, -, VF, centered, golden , , light scratches and marks, lamination defect on , 16.793 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 90o, (or Amphipolis?) mint, c. 275 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing on left, ΠAP under seat strut, KE in ; ex CNG auction 349, lot 35; $250.00 (€222.50)
, Philip III & Alexander IV - , c. 323 - 280 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck posthumously in the name of Alexander the Great. Born a leader, his and charisma led the Macedonian army to create an empire covering most of the then-known world, from to India. Alexander's reign begins the Hellenistic Age, a time when civilization flourished. He was regarded as god and his fame grew even greater after his premature death at thirty-two.GS75177. Silver , 2798A, 449, -, gVF, some , slight double strike on , 4.414 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, uncertain Anatolian mint, 323 - 280 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on backless throne, nude to waist, around hips and legs, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, swimming downward (control symbol) on left, H (control letter) under throne; ex Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann auction 26 (14 Dec 2014), lot 110; extremely ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- , the free encyclopediaGS75273. Silver , 1797, 1322, 931, 517, 611, I 326, Colophon 12, aEF, nice , slight , some light bumps and marks, 4.153 g, maximum 16.6 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long lotus topped vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, N left; $250.00 (€222.50)
, , Timoleon, 344 - 336 B.C.
Threatened by and dominated by Hiketas, the tyrant of Leontini, Syracusans sent an appeal for to their mother city, Corinth. By a unanimous vote Corinth selected Timoleon to set sail for with a few leading citizens of Corinth and a small troop of Greek mercenaries. After defeating Hiketas, Timoleon put order to Syracuse' affairs and established a democratic government. He repelled in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island. Timoleon then retired without any title or office, though he remained practically supreme. He became blind before his death, but when important issues were under discussion he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. When he died the citizens of erected a monument to his memory, afterward surrounded with porticoes, and a gymnasium called Timoleonteum.GI76973. Bronze , II p. 168, 72 st 3; 477 ff.; 727, VF, nice , nice , off center but not detracting, small spots of corrosion on edge, 15.716 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 45o, mint, c. 342 - 338 B.C.; ZEYΣEA EYΘEPTOΣ, laureate of Zeus Eleutherios right; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, thunderbolt, on right standing right with wings closed; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., commemorative struck by his son
commemorative struck by Aurelius' son, .
p. 62 notes that the "spear head" variety listed by is probably from an altered die. We have, however, found coins from more than one die with this object. It is not clear to us why identified this indistinct object as a spear .RS77835. Silver , 82; C271; 478-4/10, 4; 24 var., note. p. 692, VF, small edge cracks, 3.130 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, , 180 A.D.; M ANTONINVS , right; , standing left on thunderbolt, right, wings open, spear (?) in beak; $250.00 (€222.50)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed (general) in and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of in taking the title of , ruling , and . In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.SH75319. Silver , L25, 125, -, aEF, 4.178 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, , Kolophon mint, 299 - 296 B.C.; of Herakles right clad in scalp headdress tied at his neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus seated left on throne, extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left, forepart of left over ∆I on left, K under throne; ex 2008, ex ; $230.00 (€204.70)
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