Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 B.C., Tyre,
1013 has Θ (theta) between the legs of the . This specimen appears to have an MY over a partially effaced Θ. The MY is not listed in for year two, but we know of two other examples, both Θ and the MY are published in for year three.
GP84108. Silver , unpublished, cf. 1013 (Q between legs), 499 (same), 30, BMC -, -, -, -, -, -, gVF, excellent portrait, off center, bumps, scratches, darker areas, 14.194 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 0o, Tyre mint, 29 Aug 246 - 28 Aug 245 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right, wearing ; (of Ptolemy the savior), standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, left, Tyre over club, B (year 2) over I right, MY over Θ over effaced between legs; ex CNG e-auction 375 (1 Jun 2016), lot 48; Dennis Rider Collection of the Coins of Tyre; extremely ; $480.00 (€427.20)
, , 338 - 317 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to in 210 B.C.GI76352. Bronze AE 18, I p. 206, 116 R1 2; 1113; 164; 95 var.; -, gVF, , nice green , , 6.283 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 270o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 338 - 317 B.C.; AKPA−ΓA, laureate of Zeus left; standing left, wings open, tearing at hare left in talons, ∆ below wings; $450.00 (€400.50)
Kings of , Thracian Kainoi, Mostis, c. 126 - 86 B.C.
Mostis, reigned c. 126 - 86 B.C., was of the Thracian Kainoi (Caeni) tribe in South East to Strandzha mountain, territory in Bulgaria and Turkey today. He is best known from his coinage, which includes bronze coins and tetradrachms.GB77206. Bronze AE 20, 311 - 312, 134, -, -, -, VF, green , some light corrosion, 4.750 g, maximum 19.9 mm, c. 126 - 86 B.C.; heads of Zeus and right; : ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MOΣTI∆OΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, above right; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been a legion raised by Antony and disbanded by . The XI , an old legion of Caesar's, fought for (and won the title Actiaca at the battle of ).SL79267. Silver , 544/25, 1229, II East 203, 39, NGC F, strike 3/5, surface 2/5, banker's marks (2400602-008), , 3.48 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XI, ( ) between two legionary standards; NGC certified (slabbed); $450.00 (€400.50)
, , Timoleon, 344 - 336 B.C.
Threatened by and dominated by Hiketas, the tyrant of Leontini, Syracusans sent an appeal for to their mother city, Corinth. By a unanimous vote Corinth selected Timoleon to set sail for with a few leading citizens of Corinth and a small troop of Greek mercenaries. After defeating Hiketas, Timoleon put order to Syracuse' affairs and established a democratic government. He repelled in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island. Timoleon then retired without any title or office, though he remained practically supreme. He became blind before his death, but when important issues were under discussion he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. When he died the citizens of erected a monument to his memory, afterward surrounded with porticoes, and a gymnasium called Timoleonteum.GI83514. Bronze , II p. 168, 72 st3/7; 477 ff.; 727; 1440 (S), VF, green , edges earthen encrusted, double struck, 15.872 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 90o, mint, c. 342 - 338 B.C.; ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPTOΣ, laureate of Zeus Eleutherios right; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, thunderbolt, on right standing right with wings closed; $450.00 (€400.50)
Tutere (Tudor), , Italy, 280 - 240 B.C.
Todi was founded by the ancient people of the Umbri, in the 8th - 7th century BC, with the name of Tutere. The name means "border," it being the city located on the frontier with the Etruscan dominions. It was conquered by the Romans in 217 BC. According to Silius Italicus, it had a double line of walls that stopped Hannibal himself after his at the Trasimeno. Christianity spread to Todi very early, through the efforts of St. Terentianus. St. Fortunatus became the saint of the city for his heroic defense of it during the siege. In Lombard times, Todi was of the Duchy of Spoleto.SH73969. Bronze , 37, CNAI 2, 75, 105; p. 39, 1, F, , pitted, , 3.364 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, Tuder (Todi, Italy) mint, 280 - 240 B.C.; bearded of the satyr (Seilenos) right, wearing ivy ; Umbrian: TVTEDE (downward on left, TVT top outward, EDE top inward), standing left, wings spread; ; $440.00 (€391.60)
Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, 220 - 214 B.C.
Achaios was an uncle of Antiochos III. He proclaimed himself in Anatolia. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, , he was captured and beheaded.GY76100. Bronze AE 15, I 956 var. (unlisted control symbol), 834 var. (same), 1442 var. (same), 436 (S-R1), VF, nice green , 3.314 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn or winter 214 B.C.; laureate of right; standing right, right, wings closed, in talons, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AXAIOY in two flanking downward lines, X (control symbol) outer right; unpublished extremely variant; $430.00 (€382.70)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
On 11 February 244, Emperor was murdered by mutinous soldiers in Zaitha ( ). Philip the Arab ( Julius Philippus) declared himself emperor and made a disgraceful peace with the Empire, withdrawing from their territory and giving Shapur 500,000 gold pieces. The Sasanians occupied . Philip was recognized by the Roman Senate as Emperor and he nominated his son Philippus, age 6, as and heir to the throne. He gave his brother Priscus supreme power ( Orientis) in the Eastern provinces; and began construction of the city of Shahba, in the province of his birth.RY85323. , 321 (1 spec.); 889 (v. ); p. 212, 505, EF, attractive portrait, attractive , parts of legends weak, areas of some , 13.256 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1st issue, 244 A.D.; AVTOK K M IOV Λ ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, , draped and left, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (tribune of the people), standing slightly left on frond, wings open, left, in beak, S C ( ) in ; very ; $350.00 (€311.50)
Mesembria, , c. 275 - 225 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . was invaded by the Galatians in 279 B.C. Only the wealthy coastal cities, including Mesembria, withstood their attacks. Following that chaos, rule of was divided between many tribes. Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C., tried to regain control of the for the , but his success was limited and short lived. Mesembria was taken by Mithradates VI in the First Mithradatic War and surrendered to in 71 B.C. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms as early as 275 B.C., more than 50 years after Alexander's death, and probably issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms struck anywhere, possibly under Roman rule as late as 65 B.C.
GS85429. Silver , I 575 (O69/R229), 2674 (same dies), 1059, 480, Mesambria 18, gVF, , interesting , some , double struck, 16.109 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 0o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 275 - 225 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, nude to waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Corinthian helmet right over ∆A in inner left under arm, APO under throne below strut; $350.00 (€311.50)
, , 450 - 440 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to in 210 B.C.GI76829. Cast bronze trias, I, p. 143, 1; pl. I, 1; 61; 1015; 832; 126 (R1);, VF, green , earthen deposits, some light corrosion, 16.186 g, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 450 - 440 B.C.; cast near tooth-shaped flattened form, four pellets on flat top, sea-eagle standing left on one side, crab opposite; ; $320.00 (€284.80)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.RS79795. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, 1479, VF, slightly off-center, banker's mark on , 3.714 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $320.00 (€284.80)
, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.
GS72556. Silver , 681, 887, 105, 28, -, -, -, aVF, attractive , , bumps and marks, some very light corrosion, 16.790 g, maximum 29.6 mm, 90o, Corinth mint, Kassander, 310 - 275 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, high-backed throne, nude to waist, around hips and legs, extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, feet on footstool, right foot drawn back, lower left, NO under throne strut; $280.00 (€249.20)
Amisos, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of . The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the after the fall of . In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the coast of Turkey.GB85026. Bronze AE 31, 1145; 132; 55; 675; p. 15, 22; 15; 37 (S), VF, on a broad , green , porous areas, 18.944 g, maximum 30.5 mm, 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, 85 - 65 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; standing left on thunderbolt, turned right, wings open, ΩΣ left, AMIΣOY below; ; $280.00 (€249.20)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠATO Γ (tribune of the people, consul for the 3rd time), standing right, right, wings open, in beak, ANTIOXIA over S C ( ) in ; $250.00 (€222.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
stands for . According to H. R. this initial issue of coins was minted in . Indeed the portrait is unmistakably that of the mint of , and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely by the mint.SH60149. , 899, 304, 507, EF, 13.825 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, or Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (tribune of the people), standing facing on ground line, wings open, and tail left, in beak, ( ) below wings, in ; double strike evident in , minor , small encrustations, very , handsome portrait and ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Sagalassos,
Sagalassos, , high in the western Mountains, was within the Roman province of from 133 until 39 B.C., when gave the region to the Galatian client Amyntas. After he was killed in 25 B.C., the kingdom became the province of . Sagalassos became the "first city" of and the center of the imperial cult. Sagalassos city was abandoned in the middle of the seventh century after it was destroyed by a plaque, Arab raids, and earthquakes. Survivors likely resettled in the valley below.RP84970. Bronze AE 24, 3525 (7 spec.), 1751, 5163, 8998, -, VF, attractive dark green , nice portrait, 9.487 g, maximum 23.5 mm, 0o, Sagalassos (near Aglasun, Turkey) mint, 63 - 9 Jun 68 A.D.; NEPWN , laureate right; CAΓAΛACCWN, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, around hips and legs and over left shoulder, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand; extremely ; $250.00 (€222.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, VII Thea , 51 - 30 B.C.
VII originally shared power with her father Ptolemy XII and later with her brother-husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV. Her relationship with led to sole rule. After Caesar's assassination, she aligned with . Her reign marks the end of the Hellenistic Era and the beginning of the Roman Era. She was the last Pharaoh of Ancient .GI85343. Bronze , 1872; 184; 422; p. 123, 5; 383; 949, aF, bumps, scratches, corrosion, , 8.383 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, mint, 51 - 30 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, characteristic melon coif; KΛEOΠATPAΣ BACIΛICCHC, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, left, left, M (40 drachms = ) right; $250.00 (€222.50)
, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
The of any of Alexander's or Lysimachus' coinage to Abydus is uncertain, however, the mint was definitely in the near to Lampsacus.
GS85192. Silver , 1565, -, -, -, -, -, VF, and struck on a broad , die wear, , scrapes on edge, 4.167 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 0o, , Abydos(?) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, nude to waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, MY within grain (control symbol) left, of Mithras with (control symbol) below throne; ; $240.00 (€213.60)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by in 168 B.C. -- , the free encyclopedia
GS76147. Silver , 1801, 1336, 613, 1743, -, gVF, attractive , dark , bumps and marks, 4.207 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - c. 301 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, B left, N under throne; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
commemorative struck by Aurelius' son, .
p. 62 notes that the "spear head" variety listed by is probably from an altered die. We have, however, found coins from more than one die with this object. It is not clear to us why identified this indistinct object as a spear .
RS77835. Silver , 82; C271; 478-4/10, 4; 24 var., note. p. 692, VF, small edge cracks, 3.130 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, mint, , 180 A.D.; M ANTONINVS , right; , standing left on thunderbolt, right, wings open, spear (?) in beak; $225.00 (€200.25)
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