, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.
RS79795. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, VF, slightly off-center, banker's mark on , 3.714 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $320.00 (€284.80)
Kabyle, , c. 219 - 215 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
The dies for this were also used with dies naming the Gaulish Kavaros. Die wear shows the Alexanderine types followed Kavaros' coinage, indicating this was likely struck during the revolt of the Thracians, which brought about the chieftain's death and the end of Gaulish rule. Kavaros ruled until at least 219 B.C., when he participated in a treaty between and . The compares closely with issues of Dionysopolis, Mesembria, and Odessus.SH69935. Silver , 882a, 845 ff., 399, VF, 16.205 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Cabyle mint, time of the Thracian Revolt, c. 219 - 215 B; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, Demeter standing facing torch in each hand; $300.00 (€267.00)
, Summer - November 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
was the younger son of . After the latter's death, was elevated to by his father's successor . He died of plague shortly after. notes, "Hostilian's Antiochene provincial coins are the rarest of the emperors of the 3rd century."
RY84647. , 1159d (V. ); 651 (3 spec.); , p. 226, 627 var. (no indicated); 573 var. (Z, 7th ), VF, centered, edge crack, 10.321 g, maximum 25.1 mm, 0o, 6th , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as , 250 - summer 251 A.D.; Γ OYAL OCTΛIAN ME KYINTOC KECAB, bareheaded and draped right, from the front, S below; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (tribune of the people), standing right on branch, right, wings open, in beak, S C ( ) in ; very ; $280.00 (€249.20)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠATO Γ (tribune of the people, consul for the 3rd time), standing right, right, wings open, in beak, ANTIOXIA over S C ( ) in ; $250.00 (€222.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
stands for . According to H. R. this initial issue of coins was minted in Rome. Indeed the portrait is unmistakably that of the mint of Rome, and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely by the Rome mint.SH60149. , 899, 304, 507, EF, 13.825 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, Rome or Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (tribune of the people), standing facing on ground line, wings open, and tail left, in beak, ( ) below wings, in ; double strike evident in , minor , small encrustations, very , handsome portrait and ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
commemorative struck by Aurelius' son, .
p. 62 notes that the "spear head" variety listed by is probably from an altered die. We have, however, found coins from more than one die with this object. It is not clear to us why identified this indistinct object as a spear .RS77835. Silver , 82; C271; 478-4/10, 4; 24 var., note. p. 692, VF, small edge cracks, 3.130 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, , 180 A.D.; M ANTONINVS , right; , standing left on thunderbolt, right, wings open, spear (?) in beak; $250.00 (€222.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coin types.GP75643. Bronze octobol, 446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, aF, 77.706 g, maximum 46.9 mm, 0o, mint, diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs; $240.00 (€213.60)
, II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Most people expect the crests on ancient helmets to strictly run from front to back. Officer's helmets, however, frequently had a crest running from ear to ear, as on the helmet used as a control symbol on the of this coin. The two ear flaps dangle below the and visor of the helmet. SH75314. Silver , 618 (same die); , Administrative VI.1, die A1; 629; 233; -, -, VF, centered, golden , , light scratches and marks, lamination defect on , 16.793 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 90o, (or Amphipolis?) mint, c. 275 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aėtophoros enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing on left, ΠAP under seat strut, KE in ; ex CNG auction 349, lot 35; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
was the commander of XIIII Gemina Martia when was murdered in 193 B.C. After the against , most coins of the legionary series coins honored the soldiers who made their commander an emperor. The legion was raised by , who made the capricorn its symbol (depicted on coins as well). It is one of the legions that participated in the invasion of Britain under and later defeated queen Boudica receiving the Martia from . The legion later moved to Gaul, then Germany where it participated in Saturninus' rebellion. moved it further East to replacing the XXIth Rapax which was destroyed by the Sarmatians. used it in his Dacian wars. used it in his Parthian war and used Carnumtum as headquarters for three years during the Marcomannic wars. Only 18 specimens in the hoard.RS83527. Silver , 14 (S); 272; p. 22, 19; 5; 6302, gVF, portrait, a little weak, some die wear, edge cracks, 3.084 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; IMP CAE L SEP SEV AVG, laureate right; LEG XIIII GEM M V, ( ) between two legionary standards topped with wreaths and decorated with Capricorns, TR P COS in ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Kings of , Deiotaros, c. 64 - 40 B.C.
Deiotarus was chief of the Tolistobogii tribe in western and became of . He was a faithful ally of Rome against of , for which he was rewarded by Pompey. pardoned him for siding with Pompey in the civil war but he was deprived of some of his dominions. After Caesar's death, , for a large payment, publicly announced that, in accordance with instructions left by , Deiotarus was to resume possession of all the territory of which he had been deprived. When civil war broke out again, Deiotarus supported the anti-Caesarian party of and Cassius, but after the Battle of in 42 B.C., he went over to the triumvirs. He retained his kingdom until his death at a very advanced age.GB84653. Bronze AE 18, K1; p. 536, 2; 6099; 775 (R1); -; -, gVF, glossy dark green , slightest , 5.923 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 45o, Pessinus (Ballihisar, Turkey) mint, c. 63 - 58 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; standing left on (thunderbolt), right, wings slightly open, (∆HIOTAP) left; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Hierapolis-Kastabala, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Hierapolis-Kastabala was an ancient city in Pedias, three kilometers ancient Pyramus. Alexander the Great stopped at Kastabala before the Battle of Issus in 333 B.C. Antiochus IV refounded the city with the name . In the first century B.C., was the capital of a small local kingdom under the rule of the former Cilician pirate Tarcondimotus I, an ally of . referred to the city as Rome's most loyal ally beyond the and the best friend of the Roman people. The city was known for its temple of Perasia. Strabo wrote of her priestesses who, in a trance, would walk barefoot over hot coals without damage.GY73092. Bronze AE 15, cf. CNG e-auction 250, lot 112; otherwise apparently unpublished; -, SNG Levante-, SNGvA-, -, -, F, , highlighting "desert" , some corrosion, 2.776 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 90o, Hieropolis-Kastabola, mint, 2nd - 1st centuries B.C.; , draped of right, dotted ; standing left on torch, wings open, left, IEPOΠOΛITΩN above, ΠPOΣ TΩI ΠYPA[NA?] below; extremely ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., Struck in the Name of Philip
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.SH75320. Silver , P43, P50, 938, aEF, some die wear, 4.238 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aėtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; ex (2005); $180.00 (€160.20)
Graxa, , Italy, 250 - 200 B.C.
The location of Graxa has not yet been discovered and the dating of the coinage is also uncertain. dates this c. 250 - 200 B.C. dates it 200 - 89 B.C.GB77977. Bronze AE 12, 797, , p. 222, 8 (uncertain ); 773; 749; 249 (crescent vice ), VF/F, green , earthen deposits, , 1.673 g, maximum 11.8 mm, 180o, Graxa mint, 250 - 200 B.C.; cockle shell; right thunderbolt in talons, wings open, right, ΓPA below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very ; $180.00 (€160.20)
Dia, , 85 - 65 B.C.
Mithradates VI, "Eupator, the Great" expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with Rome. Mithradates regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against Rome, however, after three years of war, he was defeated by .GB79968. Bronze AE 21, 807; 347; pl. XLIX, B; p. 342, 3; 453 (S); 1560 ff. var. (no r.); 404 var. (same), gVF, attractive , well struck on a , nice green , 7.690 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 0o, Dias mint, under Mithradates VI of Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.; laureate, bearded of Zeus right; standing left on thunderbolt, right, wings open, left and right, ∆IAΣ below; city; $180.00 (€160.20)
, Early 256 - 258 A.D., Issue
was son of and , Grandson of and . He was raised to the rank of upon his father's accession but died only two years later.RA84410. Silver , 911e, 10606, 9 ( ), 5, VF, nice portrait, , , tiny edge cracks, some die wear, 3.460 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, , 258 - 259 A.D.; VALERIANO , and draped right, from behind; , carried into the heavens seated on flying right, waiving his right hand, in his left hand; $175.00 (€155.75)
, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C.
Perseus of was the last of the Antigonid dynasty, who ruled the successor state in created after the death of Alexander the Great. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., came under Roman rule.
The hero Perseus, the legendary founder of and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths in the cult of the Twelve . Perseus was the hero who killed and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster. GB83486. Bronze AE 19, cf. 1142, 1275, 628, -, VF, green , 5.227 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 180o, or Amphipolis mint, c. 179 - 168 B.C.; of hero Perseus right, wearing winged helmet peaked with , right; standing facing on thunderbolt, wings open, right, B − A flanking above wings, Π-E flanking across lower outside wings, in ; $170.00 (€151.30)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- , the free encyclopediaGS75252. Silver , Series XIV, 1528, 1618, 995, 476, -, VF, , full , light marks and scratches, 4.140 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, , Abydos(?) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, MI left, Z (appearing as I) under throne; $160.00 (€142.40)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, by Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos, during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. Lampsakos also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to the Great, but undoubtedly the Alexander named on this coin was the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.
GS75271. Silver , Unpublished; 1521A var. (MH over , ΠP under throne different form), -, -, VF, nice , bumps and marks, 4.107 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 90o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, over MH left, ΠP below throne; very ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 B.C.
Ptolemy III was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in . He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response he invaded , occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9.GP75645. Bronze tetrobol, 974, 224 - 226 (Ptolemy IV), 91 (Ptolemy IV), 155 (Ptolemy IV), 45 (Ptolemy IV), 246 (Ptolemy IV), VF, 42.461 g, maximum 37.4 mm, 0o, mint, c. 246 - 230 B.C.; of Zeus right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing half left on , wings closed, right, filleted ascending behind from shoulder, E between legs; $160.00 (€142.40)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- , the free encyclopedia
GS76130. Silver , 1560; , Series XIX, 375; 252; 972; 158; 486, gVF, dark , 4.163 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 0o, , Abydos(?) mint, c. 303 - 302 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, ME left, ivy leaf under throne; $160.00 (€142.40)
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