, , Timoleon, 344 - 336 B.C.
Threatened by and dominated by Hiketas, the tyrant of Leontini, Syracusans sent an appeal for to their mother city, Corinth. By a unanimous vote Corinth selected Timoleon to set sail for with a few leading citizens of Corinth and a small troop of Greek mercenaries. After defeating Hiketas, Timoleon put order to Syracuse' affairs and established a democratic government. He repelled in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island. Timoleon then retired without any title or office, though he remained practically supreme. He became blind before his death, but when important issues were under discussion he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. When he died the citizens of erected a monument to his memory, afterward surrounded with porticoes, and a gymnasium called Timoleonteum.GI83514. Bronze , II p. 168, 72 st3/7; 477 ff.; 727; 1440 (S), VF, green , edges earthen encrusted, double struck, 15.872 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 90o, mint, c. 342 - 338 B.C.; ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPTOΣ, laureate of Zeus Eleutherios right; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, thunderbolt, on right standing right with wings closed; $500.00 (€445.00)
Tutere (Tudor), , Italy, 280 - 240 B.C.
Todi was founded by the ancient people of the Umbri, in the 8th - 7th century BC, with the name of Tutere. The name means "border," it being the city located on the frontier with the Etruscan dominions. It was conquered by the Romans in 217 BC. According to Silius Italicus, it had a double line of walls that stopped Hannibal himself after his at the Trasimeno. Christianity spread to Todi very early, through the efforts of St. Terentianus. St. Fortunatus became the saint of the city for his heroic defense of it during the siege. In Lombard times, Todi was of the Duchy of Spoleto.SH73969. Bronze , 37, CNAI 2, 75, 105; p. 39, 1, F, , pitted, , 3.364 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, Tuder (Todi, Italy) mint, 280 - 240 B.C.; bearded of the satyr (Seilenos) right, wearing ivy ; Umbrian: TVTEDE (downward on left, TVT top outward, EDE top inward), standing left, wings spread; ; $490.00 (€436.10)
Kings of , Thracian Kainoi, Mostis, c. 126 - 86 B.C.
Mostis, reigned c. 126 - 86 B.C., was of the Thracian Kainoi (Caeni) tribe in South East to Strandzha mountain, territory in Bulgaria and Turkey today. He is best known from his coinage, which includes bronze coins and tetradrachms.GB77206. Bronze AE 20, 311 - 312, 134, -, -, -, VF, green , some light corrosion, 4.750 g, maximum 19.9 mm, c. 126 - 86 B.C.; heads of Zeus and right; : ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MOΣTI∆OΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, above right; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been a legion raised by Antony and disbanded by . The XI , an old legion of Caesar's, fought for (and won the title Actiaca at the battle of ).SL79267. Silver , 544/25, 1229, II East 203, 39, NGC F, strike 3/5, surface 2/5, banker's marks (2400602-008), , 3.48 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XI, ( ) between two legionary standards; NGC certified (slabbed); $450.00 (€400.50)
Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, 220 - 214 B.C.
Achaios was an uncle of Antiochos III. He proclaimed himself in Anatolia. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, , he was captured and beheaded.GY76100. Bronze AE 15, I 956 var. (unlisted control symbol), 834 var. (same), 1442 var. (same), 436 (S-R1), VF, nice green , 3.314 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn or winter 214 B.C.; laureate of right; standing right, right, wings closed, in talons, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AXAIOY in two flanking downward lines, X (control symbol) outer right; unpublished extremely variant; $430.00 (€382.70)
, , 450 - 440 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to in 210 B.C.GI76829. Cast bronze trias, I, p. 143, 1; pl. I, 1; 61; 1015; 832; 126 (R1);, VF, green , earthen deposits, some light corrosion, 16.186 g, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 450 - 440 B.C.; cast near tooth-shaped flattened form, four pellets on flat top, sea-eagle standing left on one side, crab opposite; ; $360.00 (€320.40)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.RS79795. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, VF, slightly off-center, banker's mark on , 3.714 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $320.00 (€284.80)
, Antigonos I Monophthalmos, 320 - 306 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") was a nobleman and (general and governor) under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by in 168 B.C.GS84938. Silver , 2647, 160, 368, -, -, VF, attractive , nice surfaces, some light marks, 16.923 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 0o, , Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, as of , 318 - 315 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aėtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, around waist and legs, right foot drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, Γ left, A over under throne; $320.00 (€284.80)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠATO Γ (tribune of the people, consul for the 3rd time), standing right, right, wings open, in beak, ANTIOXIA over S C ( ) in ; $250.00 (€222.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
stands for . According to H. R. this initial issue of coins was minted in . Indeed the portrait is unmistakably that of the mint of , and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely by the mint.SH60149. , 899, 304, 507, EF, 13.825 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, or Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (tribune of the people), standing facing on ground line, wings open, and tail left, in beak, ( ) below wings, in ; double strike evident in , minor , small encrustations, very , handsome portrait and ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
commemorative struck by Aurelius' son, .
p. 62 notes that the "spear head" variety listed by is probably from an altered die. We have, however, found coins from more than one die with this object. It is not clear to us why identified this indistinct object as a spear .RS77835. Silver , 82; C271; 478-4/10, 4; 24 var., note. p. 692, VF, small edge cracks, 3.130 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, mint, , 180 A.D.; M ANTONINVS , right; , standing left on thunderbolt, right, wings open, spear (?) in beak; $250.00 (€222.50)
Istros, , 400 - 350 B.C.
The has been variously interpreted as representing the , the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - and Their Values by David .
GS85136. Silver , 245; 141; I/I 431; p. 25, 9, gVF, nice , centered on at , 5.309 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; two facing male heads, left inverted; IΣTPIH, sea-eagle grasping a with talons, H below eagle's tail, ∆ below ; $250.00 (€222.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coin types.GP75643. Bronze octobol,
446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, aF, 77.706 g, maximum 46.9 mm, 0o, mint, diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs;
Kings of , Deiotaros, c. 64 - 40 B.C.
Deiotarus was chief of the Tolistobogii tribe in western and became of . He was a faithful ally of against of , for which he was rewarded by Pompey. pardoned him for siding with Pompey in the civil war but he was deprived of some of his dominions. After Caesar's death, , for a large payment, publicly announced that, in accordance with instructions left by , Deiotarus was to resume possession of all the territory of which he had been deprived. When civil war broke out again, Deiotarus supported the anti-Caesarian party of and Cassius, but after the Battle of in 42 B.C., he went over to the triumvirs. He retained his kingdom until his death at a very advanced age.GB84653. Bronze AE 18, K1; p. 536, 2; 6099; 775 (R1); -; -, gVF, glossy dark green , slightest , 5.923 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 45o, Pessinus (Ballihisar, Turkey) mint, c. 63 - 58 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; standing left on (thunderbolt), right, wings slightly open, (∆HIOTAP) left; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., Struck in the Name of Philip
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.SH75320. Silver , P43, P50, 938, aEF, some die wear, 4.238 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aėtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; ex (2005); $180.00 (€160.20)
Dia, , 85 - 65 B.C.
Mithradates VI "the Great"expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with . Mithradates regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against , however, after three years of war, he was defeated by .GB79968. Bronze AE 21, 807; 347; pl. XLIX, B; p. 342, 3; 453 (S); 1560 ff. var. (no r.); 404 var. (same), gVF, attractive , well struck on a , nice green , 7.690 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 0o, Dias mint, under Mithradates VI of Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.; laureate, bearded of Zeus right; standing left on thunderbolt, right, wings open, left and right, ∆IAΣ below; city; $180.00 (€160.20)
, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Lifetime Issue
References identify this as a lifetime issue. The royal title BAΣIΛEΩΣ has, however, been identified as usually indicating a issue and perhaps referring to Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. The counterclockwise arrangement of Alexander's title and name on this is extraordinary and likely very early. The usual arrangement became standardized with Alexanders name straight downward on the right. This might be the earliest use of the title on the coinage and is likely a lifetime issue.GS84942. Silver ON RESERVE
, 3228, 25, 720, 667, 2796, -, -, F, high relief, bumps and scratches, porous areas, 16.665 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 45o, Myriandros (near Iskenderun, Turkey) mint, c. 324 - 323 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY (counterclockwise from the lower left), Zeus Aėtophoros enthroned left, throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, BAI left, MI under throne; $180.00 (€160.20)
, Early 256 - 258 A.D., Issue
was son of and , Grandson of and . He was raised to the rank of upon his father's accession but died only two years later.RA84410. Silver , 911e, 10606, 9 ( ), 5, VF, nice portrait, , , tiny edge cracks, some die wear, 3.460 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, Agrippinensis ( ) mint, , 258 - 259 A.D.; VALERIANO , and draped right, from behind; , carried into the heavens seated on flying right, waiving his right hand, in his left hand; $175.00 (€155.75)
, Antigonos I Monophthalmos, of , 320 - 306 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") was a nobleman and (general and governor) under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by in 168 B.C.
GS85065. Silver , 1792, 1606, 918, VF, , porous, 4.093 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, 318 - 310 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, bare to the waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, ΣΩ (Ω on its side), ΠPA under throne; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $175.00 (€155.75)
, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C.
Perseus of was the last of the Antigonid dynasty, who ruled the successor state in created after the death of Alexander the Great. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., came under Roman rule.
The hero Perseus, the legendary founder of and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths in the cult of the Twelve . Perseus was the hero who killed and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster. GB83486. Bronze AE 19, cf. 1142, 1275, 628, -, VF, green , 5.227 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 180o, or Amphipolis mint, c. 179 - 168 B.C.; of hero Perseus right, wearing winged helmet peaked with , right; standing facing on thunderbolt, wings open, right, B − A flanking above wings, Π-E flanking across lower outside wings, in ; $170.00 (€151.30)
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