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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ MacedoniaView Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Greek Coins of Macedonia

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

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Struck during the lifetime of Alexander the Great.
SH77066. Gold stater, Price 172, Müller 105, Choice aEF, mint luster, superb style, high relief, good strike, weight 8.580 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 327 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a coiled snake; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike standing left, wreath in right hand, stylus in left hand, trident-head downward (control symbol) in left field; $5500.00 (€4840.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus or Antigonus II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.

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Unpublished in the standard references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely rare and important drachm known to Forum. Both specimens were struck with the same reverse die. Gorny & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very rare issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, ANSMN 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at Pella circa 272 (see R. W. Mathisen, Antigonus Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, ANSMN 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique drachm has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the Pella mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the style of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown drachm of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of style, which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."

There are two auction records for the Gorny & Mosch specimen: Roma Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and Gorny & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.
SH71048. Silver drachm, unpublished in standard refs; cf. Roma Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = Gorny & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, reverse struck a bit flat, weight 3.845 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Greece or Macedonia mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely rare, only two know specimens; $2250.00 (€1980.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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This coin was struck under one of the Macedonian satraps in Babylon: Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I. Perdiccas suspected Archon of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. Archon was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, made satrap by Perdiccas rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.
SH73195. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3697, Müller Alexander 1542, VF, weight 17.067 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 135o, Babylon mint, Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, radiate head of Helios facing on left, KY under throne; scarce; $700.00 (€616.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Most people expect the crests on ancient helmets to strictly run from front to back. Officer's helmets, however, frequently had a crest running from ear to ear, as on the helmet used as a control symbol on the reverse of this coin. The two ear flaps dangle below the bowl and visor of the helmet.
SH75314. Silver tetradrachm, Meydancikkale 618 (same obv. die); Mathisen, Administrative VI.1, obv. die A1; Price 629; Müller Alexander 233; SNG Cop -, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, centered, golden toning, test cut, light scratches and marks, lamination defect on reverse, weight 16.793 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 90o, Pella (or Amphipolis?) mint, c. 275 - 270 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing on left, ΠAP monogram under seat strut, KE monogram in exergue; ex CNG auction 349, lot 35; $280.00 (€246.40)


Olynthos, Chalkidian League, Macedonia, 420 - 348 B.C.

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In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of Macedonia temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of Macedonia by Illyrians. When he was restored and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by Philip II of Macedon in 348 B.C.
SH64053. Silver tetrobol, Robinson-Clement group D, 38 (same dies); Traité pl. 313, 10; SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; BMC Macedonia -, VF, weight 2.043 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; obverse OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate head of Apollo left; reverse XAΛKI∆EΩN, kithara with eight strings, squared legend around, all within a shallow incuse square; scarce; $270.00 (€237.60)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
SH75320. Silver drachm, Price P43, Müller Alexander P50, SNG München 938, aEF, some die wear, weight 4.238 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, lyre left; ex Forum (2005); $225.00 (€198.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck by Menander, the satrap of Lydia, 331 - 321 B.C. or by Kleitos (Cleitus the White), the satrap of Lydia, 321 - 318 B.C., in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Philip and Alexander's infant son Alexander IV were made joint kings by Alexander's generals, who really only intended to use them as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias, Alexander's mother, to ensure the succession of her grandson.
RS77030. Silver drachm, Price P106, ADM I Series XV, VF, nice style, toned, reverse slightly double struck, light marks, weight 4.276 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, Menander or Kleitos, c. 322 - 318 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, rose left, monogram under throne; $225.00 (€198.00)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus

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Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, King Philip II. Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's head seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.
SH65202. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 724; cf BMC Macedonia p. 22, 102 (one neokorie); SNG Cop -; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Bar -; SNG Saroglos -; Lindgren -, F, weight 10.822 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, head of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, Alexander galloping left on his horse Bucephalus, about to spear a lion leaping left below; rare; $200.00 (€176.00)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

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Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to Artemis Tauropolos. The obverse depicts Trajan as a military victor and probably copies an imperial statue. The reverse may depict a local statue of Artemis Tauropolos.
GB90406. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren II 978 (same dies), Varbanov 7179 (R7), AMNG III 79, Hunterian I 37, Moushmov 6068, SNG ANS -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tüb, BMC Macedonia -, gF, centered, some porosity, weight 5.099 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse KAICAP TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Artemis Tauropolos standing left, kalathos on head, long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded shield behind; rare; $200.00 (€176.00)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

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Amphipolis was on the Via Egnatia, the principal Roman road which crossed the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and basilica, dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the port of Amphipolis).
SH58235. Bronze AE 25, SNG Evelpidis 1186, Varbanov III 3250 var (fish in ex, same obv die), BMC 118 var (same), SNG Cop 109 var (obv legend), SNG ANS 194 var (same, draped), VF, weight 8.849 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 225o, Amphipolis mint, obverse AYTOK M AYP KOMMO∆OC ANTON, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, City-goddess seated left on high-backed throne, polos on head, patera in extended right; rare; $180.00 (€158.40)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia

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The god Kabeiros is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of Kabeiros are a rhyton and hammer.
RP59998. Bronze AE 25, Varbanov III 4709, BMC Macedonia p. 127, 133, SNG Cop -, VF, light scratches, weight 8.831 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, obverse AYK K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN ΠYΘIA, Apollo standing left, small Kabeiros in right, laurel branch in left, at his feet, agonistic urn containing a palm branch rests on a table; scarce; $180.00 (€158.40)


Mark Antony and Octavian, Thessalonica, Macedonia, 37 B.C.

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The reverse inscription abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The bust of Libertas on the obverse "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to Thessalonica in 42 BC after the battle of Philippi (the victory which is celebrated on the reverse)." -- RPC I, p. 29
SH72307. Leaded bronze AE 31, BMC Macedonia p. 115, 63; RPC I 1551/20-26; Sear CRI 672; SNG Cop 374; SNG ANS 823, aVF, weight 17.561 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 37 B.C.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; reverse M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right, palm frond in left; $180.00 (€158.40)


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
SH73070. Silver drachm, Price 1813, Müller Alexander 262, VF, porous, reverse a little flatly struck, weight 3.875 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 315o, Kolophon mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, crescent horns left in left field, Π under throne; $180.00 (€158.40)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck by Menander, the satrap of Lydia, 331 - 321 B.C. or by Kleitos (Cleitus the White), the satrap of Lydia, 321 - 318 B.C., under Perdiccas as regent for Philip III and Alexander IV.
GS77132. Silver drachm, Price 2600, Thompson 191-199, Müller Alexander -, VF, attractive style, toned, porous, weight 4.063 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward, feet on footstool, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long lotus tipped scepter vertical behind in left hand, EYE monogram left, torch under throne; $170.00 (€149.60)


Macedonian Kingdom, Anonymous, c. 311 - 179 B.C., Struck in the Name of Alexander the Great

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Alexander the Great is arguably the most famous man of antiquity. Born a leader, his genius and charisma led the Macedonian Army creating an empire that covered most of the then-known world, from Greece to India. He was regarded as god and his fame grew even greater after his premature death at thirty-three. His reign marks the beginning of the Hellenistic Age, a time when almost every aspect of human civilization flourished. His coinage is highly complex, struck in cities all over the ancient map and spanning over two hundred years.
GB71706. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 1131, Price -, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, green patina, earthen deposits, corrosion on reverse, weight 3.334 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonian mint, after 311 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield with club of Herakles ornamenting boss, six double crescent-like ornaments around; reverse Macedonian officer's helmet facing with ear flaps and crest from side to side, B - A (BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY) flanking; none on Coin Archives, apparently none online; rare; $150.00 (€132.00)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

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In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded Macedonia and overthrew King Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake Macedonia from Rome. Andriskos traveled to Syria to request military help from Demetrius Soter of Syria. Demetrius instead handed him over Rome. Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded Macedonia, and defeated the Roman praetor Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself King Philip VI of Macedonia. In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered Thessaly and made an alliance with Carthage, thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman praetor Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to Thrace, whose prince gave him up to Rome. Andriskos' brief reign over Macedonia was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this Macedonia was formally reduced to a Roman province.
RP66850. Bronze AE 25, SNG ANS 183, SNG Cop 104, BMC Macedonia -, VF, green patina, weight 8.475 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, obverse KAICAP ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Tyche seated left, wearing turreted crown, patera in right, center dimple; scarce; $140.00 (€123.20)


Olynthos, Macedonia, Chalcidian League, c. 360 - 348 B.C.

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Apollo's most important attribute is the tripod lebes, a cauldron in a three legged stand used for religious rituals. The tripod lebes is symbolic of his prophetic powers. At his temple at Delphi, his priestess sat on his tripod chewing laurel leaves and inhaling hallucinating vapors from a fissure in the floor. After she mumbled her prophesy, a male priest would translate it for the supplicant.
GB48997. Bronze AE 15, SNG Cop 247 - 249, SNG ANS 561, VF, weight 1.936 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 90o, Olynthos mint, c. 360 - 348 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse XAΛKI−∆EΩN, tripod; rare; $135.00 (€118.80)


Mende, Macedonia, 400 - 346 B.C.

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Mende was an ancient colony of Eretria, on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.
GB68715. Bronze chalkous, SNG Cop 221; SNG ANS 397 var (crescent above); BMC Macedonia p. 83, 13 var (no ivy branch), VF, weight 1.078 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; obverse head of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy wreath; reverse MEN, Amphora with tall handles, ivy branch left; scarce; $135.00 (€118.80)


Mende, Chalcidice, Macedon, c. 510 - 480 B.C.

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Mende was an ancient colony of Eretria, on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.
GA90295. Silver tritartemorion, AMNG III.2, 8; SNG ANS 307; SNG Berry 34, VF, porous surfaces, uneven tone, weight 0.292 g, maximum diameter 6.1 mm, die axis 0o, Mende mint, c. 510 - 480 B.C.; obverse head and neck of ass right; pellet at truncation; reverse mill-sail pattern incuse; ex CNG auction 249, lot 50; scarce; $135.00 (€118.80)


Macedonian Kingdom, Kassander, 319 - 297 B.C.

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Kassander was the son of Antipater and Regent for the young son of Alexander the Great. Notorious for his cruelty, in 311 B.C., he executed Alexander IV and his mother Roxana. We can date this coin, with the royal title BAΣIΛEΩΣ, to after 305 B.C. when he declared himself king.
GB90298. Bronze half unit, SNG Alpha Bank 937 ff. var, SNG Cop 1154 ff. var, SNG München 1020 ff. var, Lindgren I 1299 var, SNG Saroglos - (all var different controls), VF, well centered, green patina, weight 3.148 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 45o, Pella or Amphipolis mint, 305 - 297 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KAΣΣAN∆EP BAΣIΛEΩΣ, lion left, breaking spear with mouth and foreleg, star above and below (control symbols), T (control letter) below head; this control symbol variant is unpublished in the references examined, ex Forum (2010); very rare; $135.00 (€118.80)


Philippi, Macedonia, 41 - 68 A.D.

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This coin has traditionally been attributed to Augustus, but due to its copper composition, RPC attributes it as likely from Claudius to Nero; Philippi probably did not issue copper coins during the reign of Augustus.
RP77004. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 1651, Varbanov III 3229, SGICV 32, SNG Cop 305, AMNG III 14, BMC Macedonia 23, VF, well centered on a tight flan, some light corrosion, some legend weak, weight 3.421 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, Philippi mint, 41 - 68 A.D.; obverse VIC - AVG, Victory standing left on base holding wreath and palm; reverse COHOR PRAE PHIL, three standards; $120.00 (€105.60)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Simillar types with the club over lion reverse that identify only a single Neokorie in the reverse legend (no B) were struck under Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 238. Another similar issue is dated EOC, year 275 of the Actium Era (244 - 245 A.D.), on the reverse. They were probably struck for the visit of Philip I in 244.
RP59370. Bronze AE 27, AMNG III 741; BMC Macedonia p. 24, 118; SNG Cop 1375; SNG Bar 504; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Saroglos -; Lindgren -, aVF, weight 9.193 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, head of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, lion walking right, club left above; scarce; $110.00 (€96.80)


Macedonia, Roman Protectorate, c. 168 - 167 B.C.

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On 22 June 168 B.C., Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeated the Macedonian King Perseus at the Battle of Pydna, and Macedonia came under Roman rule. This coin was struck shortly after Rome's victory, under the quaestor Gaius Publilius.
RP90404. Bronze AE 22, SNG Cop 1318; BMC Macedonia p 18, 72, aVF, weight 10.290 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 90o, 168 - 167 B.C.; obverse winged helmeted head of Roma (or Perseus) right, griffin at helmet peak; reverse MAKE∆ONΩN / TAMIOY ΓAIOY / ΠOΠΛIΛIOY, inscription in three lines within oak wreath; $110.00 (€96.80)


Thessalonika, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

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King Cassander of Macedonia founded Thessalonica in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia 168 B.C.
GB67765. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 372, BMC Macedonia p. 111, 22; SNG ANS 798 var (incorrectly identified as Zeus, E above trident on obv), VF, weight 6.077 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 315o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Poseidon right, trident behind; reverse prow right, ΘEΣΣA/ΛONI above and below; $105.00 (€92.40)


Macedonian Kingdom, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C.

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Perseus of Macedonia was the last king of the Antigonid dynasty, who ruled the successor state in Macedonia created after the death of Alexander the Great. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., Macedonia came under Roman rule.

The hero Perseus, the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths in the cult of the Twelve Olympians. Perseus was the hero who killed Medusa and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster.
GB68781. Bronze AE 19, SNG München 1274 ff., SNG Cop 1275, SNG Alpha Bank 1142 cor., SNG Dreer -, aVF, nice green patina, weight 5.247 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Pella or Amphipolis mint, c. 179 - 168 B.C.; obverse head of hero Perseus right, wearing winged helmet peaked with griffin head, harpa across shoulder; reverse eagle standing half-left on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, B - A flanking above wings, Π−E flanking across lower field, star in exergue; $100.00 (€88.00)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Severus Alexander, c. 231 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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According to Gaebler, pp. 20-21, these OMONOIA (harmony) coins apparently commemorated a settlement between the province of Macedonia and the free city of Thessalonica, which did not belong to the Macedonian koinon and was usually squabbling with it. Gaebler thinks that in 231 A.D., when Severus Alexander traveled through Macedonia on his way to Syria, Thessalonica and the koinon settled their differences and Thessalonica urged the emperor to allow the koinon to again issue coins with Beroia's title Neokoros, which is missing in this issue but reappeared in the next.
RP69770. Bronze AE 25, AMNG III 334, Lindgren -, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, F, punch reverse center, weight 11.013 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 231 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN OMONOIA, Athena seated left, Cabeiros in right, spear vertical behind in left, rear leg of seat shaped like a lion's leg; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $100.00 (€88.00)


Thessalonica, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

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In 168 B.C. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Macedonia Prima (First Macedonia) province, encompassing most of what had been the Kingdom of Macedonia.
GB90123. Bronze AE 17, cf. SNG ANS 771 (thunderbolt above), BMC Macedonia p. 112; 40 - 42 (controls), SNG Dreer 298 - 299 (same), Lindgren 1168 - 1170 (same), SNG Cop -, VF, nice green patina, well centered, weight 3.912 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, Macedonia; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse ΘEΣΣA−ΛO/NIKHΣ, horse galloping right, thunderbolt (control symbol) below; rare; $100.00 (€88.00)


Amphipolis, Macedonia, 1st - 3rd Century A.D.

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Amphipolis was built on a raised plateau overlooking the east bank of the river Strymon where it emerged from Lake Cercinitis, about 3 miles from the Aegean Sea. When Xerxes I of Persia crossed the Strymon during his invasion in 480 B.C. he buried alive nine young boys and nine maidens as a sacrifice to the river god.
RP69174. Bronze AE 25, AMNG III.2 p. 39, 63; Lindgren II 960; Mionnet Supplement III p. 26, 190; SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; BMC Macedonia -; SGCV I -, Fair, weight 11.449 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 225o, Amphipolis mint, 1st - 3rd century A.D.; obverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, City goddess seated left on facing high-backed throne, radiate, shell(?) in right; reverse CTPYMΩN, river god Strymon reclining left on rocks, head turned right, broken reed in right, water plant in left; very rare; $95.00 (€83.60)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Simillar types with the club over lion reverse that identify only a single Neokorie in the reverse legend (no B) were struck under Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 238. Another similar issue is dated EOC, year 275 of the Actium Era (244 - 245 A.D.), on the reverse. They were probably struck for the visit of Philip I in 244.
RP58833. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 741; BMC Macedonia p. 24, 118; SNG Cop 1375; SNG Bar 504; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Saroglos -; Lindgren -, aVF, rough, weight 10.578 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, head of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, lion walking right, club left above; scarce; $85.00 (€74.80)


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

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Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis held at Athens. - Wikipedia
RP74291. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1633; SNG ANS 170; SNG Cop 96; Varbanov III 3141; BMC Macedonia p. 53, 82, aVF, green patina, porous, weight 9.092 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, obverse TI KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate head left; reverse AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding aside facing on bull galloping right, holding billowing inflated veil overhead with both hands; $80.00 (€70.40)


Tragilos, Macedonia, c. 450 - 400 B.C.

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Tragilos, a small Greek settlement in Bisaltia, was destroyed either by Thracians or during the great Celtic invasion and abandoned in the 3rd century B.C.
GB75671. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 453, Lindgren III 1259, SNG ANS -, BMC Macedonia -, AMNG III -, F, tight flan, green patina, weight 3.735 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, Tragilos (Traelium) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse head of Hermes right wearing petasos; reverse TPAIΛION, rose, grain ear (control symbol) lower left; rare; $80.00 (€70.40)


Pella, Macedonia, 187 - 31 B.C.

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Apollo's most famous attribute is the tripod, symbolic of his prophetic powers. At his temple at Delphi, his priestess sat on a tripod chewing laurel leaves and inhaling hallucinating vapors from a fissure in the floor. After she mumbled her answer, a male priest would translate it for the supplicant.
GB73019. Bronze AE 13, SNG ANS 590; SNG Cop 264; BMC Macedonia p. 91, 14 ff.; SGCV I 1447, VF, weight 2.332 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠΕΛ/ΛΗΣ, tripod lebes with cover; $75.00 (€66.00)


Skione, Macedonia, c. 400 - 350 B.C.

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Skione, in Pallene, on the southern coast of the westernmost headland of Chalcidice, east of the modern town of Nea Skioni, was founded c. 700 B.C. by settlers from Achaea. The Scionaeans claimed their ancestors settled there after their ships were blown to the site by the storm that caught the Achaeans on their return from Troy. In early 423 B.C., encouraged by promises of support from the Spartan general Brasidas, Skione revolted against Athens. In summer 421, after a long siege, the Athenians took the city, put the adult males to death, enslaved the women and children, and gave the land to Plataea, an ally of Athens. By Roman imperial times, Skione had nearly disappeared.
GB67654. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 321, SNG ANS 716, SNG Evelpidis 1282, F, flan crack, weight 4.470 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 90o, Skione mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse diademed male head (Apollo?) right; reverse ΣKIΩ−N (or similar), Corinthian helmet right; rare; $70.00 (€61.60)


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia

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The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.
RP70929. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 1612; Varbanov 305; AMNG III 238; SNG Cop 1334; SGICV 425; BMC Macedonia p. 27, 145; Lindgren II 1354, aF, porous, weight 9.033 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 90o, Thessalonica(?) mint, 41 - 54 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY∆IOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head left; reverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ MAKE∆ONΩN, Macedonian shield; $70.00 (€61.60)


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia, Livia Reverse

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Tiberius depicted his mother Livia on most of his coins, perhaps in gratitude for her scheming that removed potential rivals to the throne, until Augustus had no choice but to name him as heir.
RP73136. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1567; BMC Macedonia p. 117, 75; SNG Cop 403, aF, weight 9.329 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 14 - 29 A.D.; obverse TI KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head right; reverse ΣEBAΣTH ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, laureate bust of Livia right; $70.00 (€61.60)


Paroreia, Macedonia, c. 185 - 168 B.C.

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The Macedonian kingdom was administered with a three-level pyramidal organization: on the top was the King and the nation, the kingdom was divided into districts, and within the districts were the civic organizations (cities and éthne). This civic coin was struck by the City of Paroreia during the years just prior to the Macedonian Kingdom's fall to Rome.
GB58466. Bronze AE 22, BMC Macedonia, p. 15, 60; SNG Cop 254 var (monogram left), VF, weight 6.464 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 135o, Paroreia mint, c. 185 - 168 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus Dodonaios right; reverse eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left, NK monogram upper left, ΠAP monogram lower right; scarce; $65.00 (€57.20)


Macedonia, Roman Protectorate, Quaestor Gaius Publilius, 168 - 167 B.C.

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On 22 June 168 B.C., Lucius Aemilius Paullus won the Battle of Pydna, ending the Third Macedonian War. According to Plutarch, Paullus kept too much plunder for himself, displeasing his legions. On his return to Rome, to keep them happy, Paullus stopped in Epirus, a kingdom suspected of sympathizing with Macedonia. He sacked 70 towns, enslaved 150,000, and left the region bankrupt. Paullus' return to Rome was glorious. With the immense plunder, he celebrated a spectacular triumph, featuring the captured king, Perseus of Macedonia. The senate awarded him the cognomen Macedonicus.
RP62146. Bronze AE 20, BMC Macedonia p. 18, 76; SNG Cop 1323; AMNG III 210, MacKay pl. III, 5 var (noted variant); Lindgren 1350 var (monograms), F, weight 10.403 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Bottiaea, Pella(?) mint, 168 - 167 B.C.; obverse head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing crested Athenian helmet adorned with a griffin and foreparts of horses (as on contemporary Athenian tetradrachms); reverse ΓAIOY / TAMIOY, cow grazing right, ΠΛY (ΠOΠΛIΛIOY) monogram above right, BT (Bottiaea) monogram below; scarce; $65.00 (€57.20)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C.

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Philip's reign was principally marked by an unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. Philip was attractive and charismatic as a young man. A dashing and courageous warrior, he was inevitably compared to Alexander the Great and was nicknamed the darling of all Greece. --
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


GB72629. Bronze AE 21, cf. SNG Alpha Bank 1116 ff., SNG Cop 1261, aVF, weight 10.358 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonian mint, 220 - 179 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦIΛIΠΠOY, harpa, ∆I(?) above, all within oak-wreath; $65.00 (€57.20)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
GB56568. Bronze AE 17, apparently unpublished, cf. SNG ANS 972 ff. (caduceus below vice star, attributed to Philip II), SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, F, weight 5.418 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonian mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, rider on horse prancing to right, right arm raised, cruciform star below horses forelegs; extremely rare; $60.00 (€52.80)


Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 187 - 167 B.C.

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In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded Macedonia and overthrew King Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake Macedonia from Rome. Andriskos traveled to Syria to request military help from Demetrius Soter of Syria. Demetrius instead handed him over Rome. Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded Macedonia, and defeated the Roman praetor Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself King Philip VI of Macedonia. In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered Thessaly and made an alliance with Carthage, thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman praetor Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to Thrace, whose prince gave him up to Rome. Andriskos' brief reign over Macedonia was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this Macedonia was formally reduced to a Roman province.
BB62452. Bronze AE 19, SNG ANS 118 - 119, SNG Cop -, BMC Macedonia -, F, pitting, weight 7.106 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 187 - 167 B.C.; obverse Laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, two goats on their hind legs, contending head to head; green patina; rare; $60.00 (€52.80)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II of Macedonia, 359 - 336 B.C.

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Philip II became the ruler of all Greece when he defeated the Athenians at the Battle of Chaeroneia in 338 B.C. Philip personally selected the design of his coins. His horse, on the reverse of this coin, won a race in the Olympic Games in 356 B.C., the year his son Alexander the Great was born.
GB75114. Bronze AE Unit, SNG ANS 908, SNG München 165, SNG Cop 613 var (rider and trident left), VF, well centered on a tight flan, some light corrosion, weight 5.362 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, Macedonian mint, c. 359 - 336 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right wearing taenia; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, young male riding horse prancing to right, trident and AP monogram below; $60.00 (€52.80)


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander IV, c. 323 - 311 B.C.

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Struck during the reign the child king Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. He and Philip III, Alexander's brother, were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and was executed in 317 B.C. under orders from Olympias. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by his regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.
GB76480. Bronze unit, Price 2806, SNG Cop 1132, SNG Alpha Bank 849, Müller Alexander -, Lindgren -, VF, green patina, well centered, a little rough, weight 2.864 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Western Anatolia mint, c. 323 - 311 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield with five double crescents and five groups of pellets around, bust of Herakles at center, facing slightly right, wearing Nemean lion skin tied at neck; reverse crested Macedonian officer's helmet, flanked by B - A (BASILEWS ALEXANDROU, King Alexander), stalk of grain (control symbol) lower left; $60.00 (€52.80)


Pella, Macedonia, c. 187 - 168 B.C.

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Pella was founded in 399 B.C. by King Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of Philip II and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."
GB59940. Bronze AE 24, AMNG III 18, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, SNG ANS -, aVF, weight 13.475 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 330o, Pella mint, c. 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΠEΛΛA, eagle right on thunderbolt, wings spread, head right, flanked by a monogram left and right; nice patina; scarce; $50.00 (€44.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander IV, c. 323 - 311 B.C.

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Salamis was a maritime town on the east coast of Cyprus, at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus.

Struck during the reign the child king Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. He and Philip III, Alexander's brother, were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and was executed in 317 B.C. under orders from Olympias. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by his regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.
GB73568. Bronze AE 1/2 unit, Price 3162, SNG München 925, SNG Cop 1126 (N vice NK monogram, perhaps in error?), Müller Alexander -, aVF, a little rough, weight 4.417 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Salamis mint, c. 323 - 315 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield with five crescents around, Medusa facing at center; reverse crested Macedonian helmet, flanked by B - A (BASILEWS ALEXANDROU, King Alexander), caduceus lower left, NK monogram lower right; $50.00 (€44.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C.

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Perseus of Macedonia was the last king of the Antigonid dynasty, who ruled the successor state in Macedonia created after the death of Alexander the Great. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., Macedonia came under Roman rule.

The hero Perseus, the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths in the cult of the Twelve Olympians. Perseus was the hero who killed Medusa and claimed Andromeda, having rescued her from a sea monster.
GB56586. Bronze AE 19, SNG München 1274 ff., SNG Cop 1275, SNG Alpha Bank 1142 cor., SNG Dreer -, aVF, weight 4.125 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pella or Amphipolis mint, c. 179 - 168 B.C.; obverse head of hero Perseus right, wearing winged helmet peaked with griffin head, harpa across shoulder; reverse eagle standing half-left on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, B - A over Π−E flanking across field, star in exergue; $45.00 (€39.60)


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely DIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

RP58834. Bronze AE 27, AMNG III 535, SNG Cop 1369 var, SNG Hunterian 742, Lindgren 1382 v., SNG Bar 502 v., SNG Saroglos 984 v., BMC - (all var rev legend arrangement), F, obverse rough, weight 11.691 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 45o, Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B, NEΩ in ex, Athena seated left, Nike in right, shield behind; $45.00 (€39.60)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C.

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Philip and Perseus were the last Antigonid kings of Macedonia. Their reigns were both principally marked by unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., Macedonia came under Roman rule.
GB90158. Bronze double unit, AMNG III p. 50, 142.2; Touratsoglou Macedonia 14; SNG Cop 1307; SNG Alpha Bank -, F, weight 9.214 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonian mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse MA−KE/∆ON−ΩN, winged thunderbolt, TB monogram below left, star below right; $45.00 (€39.60)


Thessalonica, Macedonia, 187 - 131 B.C.

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Thessalonika was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander of Macedon, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of Philip II and half-sister of Alexander the Great. On 22 June 168 B.C., Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeated the Macedonian King Perseus at the battle of Pydna, and Macedonia came under Roman rule. Under Roman rule the importance of Thessalonica grew until it became the Roman administrative center for all of Greece. Its location at the nexus of both the East-West trading route and the North-South route was ideal.
GB90747. Bronze BMC Macedonia, p. 111, 27; SNG ANS 778 var (slightly different monograms); SNG Cop -, aF, nice green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 7.784 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika mint, 187 - 131 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, scepter over shoulder; reverse bull leaping right, two monograms under bull, ΘEΣΣA/ΛONIKEΩN divided above and below; $45.00 (€39.60)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II of Macedonia, 359 - 336 B.C.

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Philip II became the ruler of all Greece when he defeated the Athenians at the Battle of Chaeroneia in 338 B.C. Philip personally selected the design of his coins. His horse, on the reverse of this coin, won a race in the Olympic Games in 356 B.C., the year his son Alexander the Great was born.
GB74648. Bronze AE 20, SNG Alpha Bank 376, SNG ANS 894, VF, green patina, light encrusation, small spots of corrosion, weight 6.178 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 270o, Macedonian mint, 359 - 336 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Apollo right, A behind; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, nude young male rider on horse prancing right, E below; $45.00 (€39.60)


Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.

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In 168 BC, the Romans invaded Macedonia and overthrew the king, Perseus, in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, and claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake Macedonia from the Romans. As his first attempt, Andriskos traveled to Syria to request military help from Demetrius Soter of Syria. Demetrius instead handed him over to the Romans. Andriskos escaped from Roman captivity, and raised a Thracian army. With this army, he invaded Macedonia and defeated the Roman praetor Publius Juventius in 149 B.C. Andriskos then declared himself King Philip VI of Macedonia. In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered Thessaly and made an alliance with Carthage, thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman praetor Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to Thrace, whose prince gave him up to Rome. Andriscus' brief reign over Macedonia was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this Macedonia was formally reduced to a Roman province.
GB90129. Bronze AE 15, SNG ANS 107; SNG Cop 59; BMC Macedonia p. 49, 52, aVF, weight 4.281 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 45o, Amphipolis mint, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right, wearing taenia; reverse AMΦIΠO/ΛITΩN, stalk of grain; $40.00 (€35.20)




  



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Macedonia Greek Coins