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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Persia & MesopotamiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Persia and Mesopotamia

Also included on this page are coins minted under Persian rule in other regions of the Persian Empire.


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos III Keraunos, 226 - 223 B.C.

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Seleucus III Soter proved not to be the "Savior" that his official royal epithet advertised; nor did live up to his nickname Keraunos - "Thunder." He failed to reclaim western Asia Minor from his cousin, Attalus of Pergamum, and was assassinated after only a brief reign of only a few years.
GS86617. Silver drachm, Houghton-Lorber I 933, Newell WSM 1327, Weber 7867, Hoover Syrian 418 (R3), gVF, superb portrait, light toning, light bumps and marks, reverse double struck with a worn damaged die, weight 4.056 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Northern Syria or Northern Mesopotamia, uncertain mint, 226 - 223 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Seleukos III with long sideburns; reverse Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow, BAΣIΛEWS (downward on right) S (δοωνωαρδ ον ριγητ) Σ</θwnward on right) SEΛEYKOY (downward on left), AP monogram (control) left, monogram (control) right; very rare; $1080.00 (€918.00)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I Soter, 281 - 261 B.C.

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Antiochus faced a formidable task holding the empire together. Revolt broke out in Syria almost immediately after his father's death. He earned the title Soter (savior) for victory over hordes of Gauls that attacked Anatolia. Elsewhere, he had little success. He was forced to abandon Macedonia, Thrace, Bithynia, and Cappadocia and to execute his eldest son for rebellion.
GS82667. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 379.6c, Newell ESM 177, Meydancikkale 2929, HGC 9 128g, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, dark toning, attractive style, marks, edge bumps, weight 17.101 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, Seleucia on the Tigris (south of Baghdad, Iraq) mint, c. 263 - 261 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, eyes to heaven; reverse Apollo seated left on omphalos, nude but for drapery over right thigh, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on left, ANT−IOXOY complex monograms outer left and outer right; $1000.00 (€850.00)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I Soter, 281 - 261 B.C.

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Antiochus faced a formidable task holding the empire together. Revolt broke out in Syria almost immediately after his father's death. He earned the title Soter (savior) for victory over hordes of Gauls that attacked Anatolia. Elsewhere, he had little success. He was forced to abandon Macedonia, Thrace, Bithynia, and Cappadocia and to execute his eldest son for rebellion.
SH82661. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 379.3b, Newell ESM 152 (slightly different form of right monogram), HGC 9 128g, attractive VF, excellent portrait, elegant Apollo, light toning, bumps and marks, reverse slightly off center, weight 17.110 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 135o, Seleukeia on the Tigris (south of Baghdad, Iraq) mint, 281 - 261 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochos II right, eyes to heaven; reverse Apollo seated left on omphalos, nude but for drapery over thighs, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ANT-IOXOY downward on left, ΛP monogram outer left, monogram outer right; ex Leu Numismatics web auction 3 (25 Feb 2018), lot 417 (From a European collection, formed before 2005); $700.00 (€595.00) ON RESERVE


Parthian Empire, Mithradates IV, c. 58 - 53 B.C.

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Mithradates III and his brother Orodes II murdered their father. Orodes became king of Parthia. At first he made Mithridates king of Media but then deposed him. Mithridates was forced flee to Roman Syria but returned, and made himself king of Parthia. He was besieged in Seleucia by Orodes forces, defeated, captured and executed.
GS82646. Silver drachm, parthia.com PDC409 (this coin, Mithradates III), Sellwood 41.5 (same), Shore 200 (same), SNG Cop 85 (Orodes II), Sunrise 356 (same), VF, light toning, a few scratches, areas of slight porosity, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.759 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Mithradatkart (near Askabad in Turkmenistan) mint, c. 58 - 53 B.C.; obverse short-bearded bust left wearing double-banded diadem and segmented necklet with medallion, border of pellets; reverse beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, bow in right hand, monogram below bow, no border, eight-line Greek legend around: BAΣΛIEΩΣ / BAΣΛIEWN (sic) above, APSAKOY / MEΓAΛOY right, ∆IKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ (?, blundered) below, ΘEOY EΠATOΣ / KAI ΦIΛEΛΛHNΣ left; from the Robert L3 Collection, ex Coin India (2009), ex McCorgray Collection, ex Thomas K. Mallon Collection; scarce; $395.00 (€335.75)
 


Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Artaxerxes II - Darius III, c. 375 - 340 B.C.

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This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
GA86615. Silver siglos, Carradice Type IV (late) C, 46 ff.; BMC Arabia 172 ff.; SNG Kayhan 1031; SGCV II 4683; Rosen 674; Klein 763; Carradice Price p. 77 and pl. 20, 387 ff., aVF, unusual facing head banker's mark, weight 5.376 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 375 - 340 B.C.; obverse Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, bearded, crowned, dagger in right hand, bow in left hand; reverse irregular oblong punch; $380.00 (€323.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
GS82736. Silver tetradrachm, Price P208, Müller Alexander P85, SNG München 972, SNG Fitzwilliam 3237, VF, high relief obverse, light toning, bumps and marks, obverse a little off center, weight 17.050 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 45o, Susa (Shush, Iran) mint, struck under the satrap Koinos, c. 322 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne with high back, nude to the waist, himation around hips sand legs, feet on footstool, right leg forward (archaic Alexander lifetime style), eagle in right hand, long scepter in left hand, ΦIΛIΠΠOY downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ in exergue (off flan), ΛA under seat above strut; $360.00 (€306.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
GS82737. Silver tetradrachm, Price P182, Müller Alexander P103, SNG München 969, SNG Saroglos –, VF, bold strike with high relief dies, reverse a little off center, die wear, bumps and scratches, weight 16.949 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 30o, Babylon mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress, forelegs tied at neck; reverse Zeus seated left on throne, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, eagle in right, long scepter in left hand, ΦIΛIΠΠOY downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) in exergue (off flan), M left, B under seat above strut; struck under Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I; $360.00 (€306.00) ON RESERVE


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., Babylonia, In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Price dates this type 311 - 305 B.C. Houghton dates it 311 - 300 B.C. Houghton notes that Kritt down-dated the chronology due to the complexity of the emissions and that two hoards independently support the revised dating.
GS82739. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 82(4)a, Price 3751, Müller Alexander 735, SNG München 794, Armenak 138 - 139, HGC 9 10f, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Cop -, VF, bold strike with high relief dies, centered on a tight flan, toned with darker spots, bumps and marks, reverse double struck, weight 17.047 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Babylon mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, MI in left field, monogram within wreath under throne; $360.00 (€306.00)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., Babylonia, In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Price dates this type 311 - 305 B.C. Houghton dates it 311 - 300 B.C. Houghton notes that Kritt down-dated the chronology due to the complexity of the emissions and that two hoards independently support the revised dating.
GS82740. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 82.5b, Price 3747, Müller Alexander 734, Choice VF, well centered and struck on with fine style high-relief dies, weight 16.918 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 90o, Babylon mint, posthumous, 311 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, forelegs tied at neck; reverse Zeus seated left on high back throne, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, monogram in wreath left, MI under throne, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) in exergue; $360.00 (€306.00)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled Syria until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed satrap of Babylonia. Five years later Antigonus Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added Persia and Media to his territory and defeated both Antigonus and Lysimachus. He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
GS82741. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 41(3)c, Price 3818, Müller Alexander 267, Meydancikkale 1958 - 1960, SNG Cope 851, Newell WSM 9, HGC 6 12a, gVF, attractive style, high relief, light toning, tight flan, minor obverse die wear/damage, bumps and marks, weight 16.913 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 90o, Karrhai (Harran, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 290 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, forelegs tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on high back throne, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ in exergue, crescent over ∆I left, AYP monogram in circle below throne; $360.00 (€306.00)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled Syria until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed satrap of Babylonia. Five years later Antigonus Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added Persia and Media to his territory and defeated both Antigonus and Lysimachus. He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
GS82742. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 82.7, Price 3708, Müller Alexander 713, VF, bold well centered strike with high- relief dies, tight flan, light toning, bumps and marks, weight 17.041 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 270o, Babylon mint, c. 311 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, forelegs tied at neck; reverse Zeus seated left on high back throne, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle extended in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, H in left field, monogram in wreath below throne under strut, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) in exergue; $360.00 (€306.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonos I Monophthalmos, Strategos of Asia, 320 - 306 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander

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Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") was a nobleman and strategos (general and governor) under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C.
GS82743. Silver tetradrachm, In the name of Alexander; Price 3713, Müller Alexander 717, SNG München 790, SNG Cop -, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, well centered and struck with high relief dies, toned, tight flan, light bumps and marks, mild porosity, weight 16.528 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 0o, Babylon mint, under the satrap Peithon, 315 - 311 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, forelegs tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ in exergue, monogram in wreath left, KΛ under throne; $360.00 (€306.00)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled Syria until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed satrap of Babylonia. Five years later Antigonus Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added Persia and Media to his territory and defeated both Antigonus and Lysimachus. He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
GS82761. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 82.7, Price 3708, Müller Alexander 713, HGC 9 10f, VF, bold strike with high-relief dies, attractive style, centered on a tight flan, light toning, bumps and marks, weight 16.935 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 45o, Babylon mint, c. 311 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse Zeus enthroned left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, eagle extended in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, H in left field, monogram in wreath below throne under strut, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) in exergue; $320.00 (€272.00)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., Babylonia, In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Price dates this type 311 - 305 B.C. Houghton dates it 311 - 300 B.C. Houghton notes that Kritt down-dated the chronology due to the complexity of the emissions and that two hoards independently support the revised dating.
GS82762. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 82.5b, Price 3747, Müller Alexander 734, SNG Saroglos 646, HGC 9 10f, VF, toned, obverse a little off center and double struck, weight 17.105 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 90o, Babylon mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress forelegs tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, monogram in wreath left, MI under throne below strut, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) in exergue; $320.00 (€272.00)
 


Parthian Empire, Mithradates I, c. 164 - 132 B.C.

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Mithradates I, the fifth king of Parthia, established Parthia as an ancient world power. At his death, in addition to Parthia proper, his empire included Hyrcania, Media, Babylonia, Assyria, Elymais, Persis, Tapuria and Traxiana.
GS82644. Silver drachm, parthia.com PDC 21735 (this coin, 1 spec. in db), Shore 25, Sellwood 11.1 var. (reel & pellet border), Sunrise 265 var. (same), gF, nice portrait, toned, bumps, scratches, some die wear, obverse a little off center, weight 3.979 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Hekatompylos (Qumis, Iran) mint, c. 148 - 132 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped, bearded bust left, reel only border; reverse squared three-line clockwise legend, clockwise from lower left: BAΣIΛEΩΣ APΣAKOY MEΓAΛOY, beardless archer (Arsakes I) seated right on omphalos, wearing bashlyk and cloak, bow in extended right hand, no border; from the Robert L3 Collection, ex Classical Coins (Jun 2006); $240.00 (€204.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Peithon, Satrap of Babylon, c. 315 - Autumn 312 B.C.; In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Struck by Peithon, son of Agenor, the Macedonian satrap in Babylon, 315 - 312 B.C. Peithon was a successful officer under Alexander, first mentioned as the commander of a phalanx battalion in January 325 in the battles against the Mallians in the southern Punjab. Alexander made him satrap of the Indus in 325 B.C. In 315 B.C., Antigonos Monophthalmos forced Seleukos to flee Babylon and replaced him with Peithon. Peithon fought alongside Antigonus Monophthalmus against Cassander and Ptolemy, in 314 B.C. He was killed in autumn 312 B.C., at the Battle of Gaza where the forces of Demetrius, the son of Antigonus, were defeated by Ptolemy.
GS86195. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3733, Müller Alexander 719, SNG Cop 842, SNG Alpha Bank 688 var. (slight var. in monogram under throne), SNG München -, VF, rough, burnished, obverse a little off center, weight 15.496 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 180o, Babylon mint, 315 - 312 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, MYHP monogram in wreath left, ΠAP monogram in circle under throne; $200.00 (€170.00)
 


Parthian Empire, Mithradates II, c. 123 - 88 B.C.

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Mithradates II was the eighth and one of the greatest Parthian kings. He defeated all Seleukid attempts to reclaim their Eastern territories and made Parthia a formidable, unified empire. He adopted the title Epiphanes, "god manifest" and introduced new designs on his extensive coinage. Late in his reign he exerted influence in Armenia, taking as hostage a prince who would become Tigranes the Great. -- www.parthia.com
GS82645. Silver drachm, Sellwood 26.2; Shore 78; BMC Parthia p. 27, 23; SNG Cop 34; Sunrise -, gVF, toned, light marks, die wear, weight 3.754 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Ecbatana (Hamedan, Iran) mint, c. 120/119 - 109 B.C.; obverse draped and diademed bust left, long pointed beard, wearing earring and neck torque ending in griffin; reverse squared four-line clockwise legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY APΣAKOY EΠIΦANOYΣ, beardless archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, wearing bashlyk and cloak, bow and arrow in extended right hand, ∆ outer left; from the Robert L3 Collection, ex Classical Numismatic Group (1990's); $195.00 (€165.75)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS63296. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler Smith, type 1, 210 ff. var.; BMC Arabia, 238, 18 var.; Sunrise 646 var.; Alram IP 619 var. (none with 3 rows of pellets), gVF, toned, tight flan, light deposits, weight 1.285 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 90o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem with two-loop tie and Parthian-style tiara with three rows of pellets enclosing pellet above crescent; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center; rare variety; $100.00 (€85.00)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65707. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Tyler-Smith, type 1, 210 (with ties); Alram IP 619 var. (same); cf. Sunrise 649 (obol); BMC Arabia p. 238, 16 (same), VF, toned, tight flan, die wear, obverse center weak, light marks, porosity, weight 1.171 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem with two-loop tie and Parthian-style tiara with two rows of pellets enclosing crescent and three pellets, no triskeles behind bust; reverse diadem without ties, blundered illiterate imitation of an Aramaic legend around; apparently unpublished as a hemidrachm; rare variety; $90.00 (€76.50)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65703. Silver diobol, BMC Arabia p. 227, 11; cf. Tyler-Smith, type 2, 220 - 221 (obol); Alram IP 622 (obol); Sunrise 650 (obol), VF, well centered, light toning, tiny edge split, weight 1.088 g, maximum diameter 11.9 mm, die axis 270o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, End of 1st Century A.D.; obverse bearded, draped bust left, wearing turreted crown and diadem, hair with three rows of curls; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65701. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1c, 17; BMC Arabia p. 218, 16; Sunrise 591 var. (2 rows of pellets); Alram IP 565 var. (same), VF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, weight 2.084 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 0o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with three rows of pellets surrounding crescent; reverse Aramaic legend: King Darev, king on right, standing left, holding scepter, facing altar on left; $75.00 (€63.75)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Ardaxsir (Artaxerxes) II, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65712. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Sunrise 600; Tyler-Smith 62; Alram IP 571; BMC Arabia p. 224, 14, VF, toned, dark encrustations, edge cracks, weight 1.872 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 270o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 2nd half of 1st century B.C.; obverse bust left, pointed beard, wearing Persepolitan crown with turrets and diadem, torque and cloak, star above symbol, pellet border; reverse king on right facing left, holding raised scepter in left hand, symbols in front and behind, uncertain Aramaic legend around; $75.00 (€63.75)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65722. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1a, 5 - 8; Alram IP 565 var. (two rows of pellets); Sunrise 591 var. (same); BMC Arabia p. 218, 16 var. (same), VF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, tiny edge cracks, light marks, weight 1.575 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 315o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with one row of pellets surrounding crescent, pellet border; reverse Aramaic legend: King Darev, king on right, standing left, holding scepter, facing altar on left; $75.00 (€63.75)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS63285. Silver diobol, BMC Arabia p. 227, 11; cf. Tyler-Smith, type 2, 220 -221 (obol); Alram IP 622 (obol); Sunrise 650 (obol), gVF, well centered, uneven toning, weight 1.077 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 45o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, End of 1st Century A.D.; obverse bearded, draped bust left, wearing turreted crown and diadem, hair with three rows of curls; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Ardaxsir (Artaxerxes) II, 1st Century B.C., AR Hemidrachm

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65692. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Alram IP 574; BMC Arabia p. 223, 11; Sunrise 595; Tyler-Smith 47, VF, toned, obverse off center, cleaning scratches, weight 1.813 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 180o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 2nd half of 1st century B.C.; obverse bust left, short beard, wearing mural crown, diadem with three ties, torque with two segments, and cloak; reverse king on right facing left, holding raised scepter in left hand before a lighted alter, Aramaic legend in square around; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65699. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Alram IP 565; Tyler-Smith 17; Sunrise 591; BMC Arabia p. 218, 16, F, toned, crude reverse, weight 1.778 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 90o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with one row of pellets and crescent; reverse king standing on right, standing left before altar on left, holding scepter; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Vahsir (Oxathres) I, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65705. Silver obol, Alram IP 584; Sunrise 604; cf. BMC Arabia p. 220, 11 (hemiobol); Tyler-Smith 134, VF, toned, die wear, bumps and marks, weight 0.558 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, die axis 0o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 2nd Half 1st Century B.C.; obverse bust left, bearded, wearing diadem with 2 or 3 ties, thick wavy hair, pellet border; reverse king on right, standing left, before flaming altar on right, scepter in left hand, uncertain Aramaic legend in square around; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Ardashir (Artaxerxes) II, c. 50 - 1 B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65720. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1b, 49 ff. var.; BMC Arabia p. 223, 6 ff. var.; Sunrise 594 var.; Alram 574 var. (none with this monogram), VF, toned, die wear, weight 2.020 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 45o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, c. 50 - 1 B.C.; obverse small bust of king left, monogram behind, wearing neck torque, crown with three turrets, and diadem with three ties; reverse Aramaic legend forming square: Adaxsir king, son of Darev king, king on right facing left, holding scepter to fire altar, uncertain Aramaic legend in square around, slightly concave; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Carrhae, Mesopotamia

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Caracalla was assassinated near Carrhae on 8 April 217, while urinating on a roadside. When his escort gave him privacy to relieve himself, Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard, ran forward and killed Caracalla with a single sword stroke. Martialis fled on horseback, but was killed by a bodyguard archer. Herodian says Caracalla had executed Martialis' brother a few days earlier on an unproven charge. Cassius Dio says that Martialis was resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion. Macrinus, the Praetorian Guard Prefect, who succeeded him as emperor, may have arranged the assassination.
RP78055. Bronze AE 15, SNG Hunterian 2490 - 2491; BMC Arabia p. 86, 37; SNG Cop -, SNG Righetti -, VF, near black patina with red earthen highlighting, tight flan, light corrosion, weight 1.643 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 180o, Carrhae (Altinbasak, Turkey) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTONINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse COL AVR METROPOLI ANTONINIANA, veiled and turreted bust of Tyche right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS63324. Silver diobol, BMC Arabia p. 227, 11; cf. Tyler-Smith, type 2, 220 - 221 (obol); Alram IP 622 (obol); Sunrise 650 (obol), VF, toned, well centered, die wear, weight 0.740 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 0o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, End of 1st Century A.D.; obverse bearded, draped bust left, wearing turreted crown and diadem, hair with three rows of curls; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center; $65.00 (€55.25)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65702. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1a, 5 - 8; Alram IP 565 var. (two rows of pellets); Sunrise 591 var. (same); BMC Arabia p. 218, 16 var. (same), VF, toned, oval flan, weight 1.884 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 315o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with one row of pellets surrounding crescent, pellet border; reverse Aramaic legend: King Darev, king on right, standing left, holding scepter, facing altar on left; $65.00 (€55.25)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65704. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1, 210; Alram IP 619; BMC Arabia, 237, 3; Sunrise 646 var. (pellet above and below triskeles), VF, toned, tight flan, die wear, weight 1.316 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 45o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem with two-loop tie and Parthian-style tiara with two rows of pellets enclosing crescent and pellet, triskeles behind, no border; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center, blundered illiterate imitation of an Aramaic legend around; $65.00 (€55.25)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Ardaxsir (Artaxerxes) II, 1st Century B.C., AR Hemidrachm

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65713. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Alram IP 574; BMC Arabia p. 223, 11; Sunrise 595; Tyler-Smith 47, F, toned, overstruck on a hammered broad thin flan, struck with very worn dies, small edge cracks, weight 1.763 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 310o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 2nd half of 1st century B.C.; obverse bust left, short beard, wearing mural crown, diadem with three ties, torque with two segments, and cloak; reverse king on right facing left, holding raised scepter in left hand before a lighted alter, Aramaic legend in square around; $65.00 (€55.25)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65723. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1b, 9 - 16; Sunrise 591; Alram IP 565; BMC Arabia p. 218, 16, VF, toned, obverse double struck, weight 1.936 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with one row of pellets surrounding crescent, pellet border; reverse Aramaic legend: King Darev, king on right, standing left, holding scepter, facing altar on left; $65.00 (€55.25)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Ardashir (Artaxerxes) II, 1st Century B.C. AR Obol

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65719. Silver obol, Tyler-Smith, type 1a, 76; Alram IP 575; Sunrise 596; BMC Arabia p. 224, 16, VF, toned, light deposits, tight flan, worn dies, obverse double struck, weight 0.513 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 180o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse small bust left, no symbol behind, pointed beard, wearing crown with turrets and diadem, wavy hair behind, torque and cloak, pellet border; reverse Aramaic legend: Ardaxsir king, son of Darev king, king on right, standing left before a flaming altar, raising scepter in left hand, concave; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65724. Silver obol, Tyler-Smith, type 1a, 20 - 30; Alram IP 567; BMC Arabia p. 218, 19; Sunrise 592 var. (two rows of pellets), VF, toned, obverse off center, weight 0.579 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, die axis 180o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with one row of pellets surrounding crescent, pellet border; reverse Aramaic legend: King Darev, king on right, standing left, holding scepter, facing altar on left; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Ardaxsir (Artaxerxes) II, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS67151. Silver drachm, cf. Alram IP 570; Sunrise 598; Tyler-Smith 41; BMC Arabia p. 222, 2-3, VF, uneven toning, ragged flan, weight 3.665 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 2nd half of 1st century B.C.; obverse bust left, pointed beard, wearing Persepolitan crown with turrets, diadem with three ties, torque of three segments, and cloak, monogram behind; reverse king on right standing left left before a lighted alter, holding raised scepter in left hand, uncertain Aramaic legend in square around; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS67164. Silver obol, cf. Tyler-Smith, type 1; Alram IP 567; BMC Arabia p. 218, 19; Sunrise 592, VF, toned, tight flan, die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 0.682 g, maximum diameter 9.17 mm, die axis 45o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara; reverse Aramaic legend: King Darev, king on right, standing left, holding scepter, facing flaming altar on left; $50.00 (€42.50)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Vahsir (Oxathres) I, 1st Century B.C.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65718. Silver obol, Tyler-Smith, type 2, 133; Alram IP 584; cf. Sunrise 606 (hemidrachm); BMC Arabia p. 220, 6 (same), VF, toned, centered on a tight flan, scratches, tiny edge splits, weight 0.615 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 0o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing neck torque and diadem with two ties; reverse king standing on left facing right, holding scepter in right hand to alter on right, blundered illiterate legend imitating Aramaic, concave; $50.00 (€42.50)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS63290. Silver diobol, BMC Arabia p. 227, 11; cf. Tyler-Smith, type 2, 220 -221 (obol); Alram IP 622 (obol); Sunrise 650 (obol), VF, obverse rough, tight flan, weight 1.018 g, maximum diameter 12.4 mm, die axis 45o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, End of 1st Century A.D.; obverse bearded, draped bust left, wearing turreted crown and diadem, bushy hair; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center; $45.00 (€38.25)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Napad (Kapat), 1st Century A.D.

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GS65714. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Sunrise 637 (no crescent); Tyler Smith 190; BMC Arabia p. 233, 13; Alram IP 616 (rev. bust right), F, well centered, toned, reverse center weak, tiny encrustations, tiny edge cracks, weight 1.271 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 90o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara ornamented with three rows of pellets over pellet in crescent (or pellet only?), no legend or border; reverse bearded bust left wearing diadem, blundered Aramaic legend around; $45.00 (€38.25)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Pakor II, 1st Century A.D.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS66526. Silver obol, Sunrise 621; Alram IP 594 (Pakor I); Tyler-Smith 155 ff. (Pakor I); BMC Arabia 230, 10-11; SGICV 5946, VF, toned, reverse double struck, ragged flan, weight 0.343 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 90o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st Century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem with two ties, torque and robe, thick wavy hair behind; reverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem with two ties, torque and robe, thick wavy hair behind, pellet border; $45.00 (€38.25)
 


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

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Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65709. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Tyler-Smith, type 1, 210; BMC Arabia p. 238, 8; Sunrise 646 var. (triskeles and pellets behind bust), aVF, centered on a tight flan, porous, weight 1.391 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem with two-loop tie and Parthian-style tiara with two rows of pellets enclosing crescent, no triskeles behind, no border; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center, blundered illiterate imitation of an Aramaic legend around; $40.00 (€34.00)
 







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, June 19, 2018.
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Persia and Mesopotamia