<Please login or register to view your wish list!

MAIN MENU    RECENT ADDITIONS    PRICE REDUCTIONS
ROMAN    GREEK    JUDEAN & BIBLICAL    BYZANTINE
BOOKS & SUPPLIES    COLLECTING THEMES    ANTIQUITIES   

 

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Greek Coins
Greek Coins Showcase

Greek Gold (2)
Archaic Origins (79)
Classical Fine Art (121)
Persian Empire (13)
Celtic & Tribal (39)
Geographic - All Periods (1206)
Hellenistic Monarchies (333)
Greek Imperial (428)
Greek Antiquities (22)
Greek Countermarked (13)
Greek Unattributed (1)
Greek Bulk Lots (9)
Greek Coin Books (124)

Catalog Search
View Shopping Cart
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Contact Us
FAQ

Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Persia&Mesopotamia

Persia and Mesopotamia

Also included on this page are coins minted under Persian rule in other regions of the Persian Empire.


Seleucid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., Babylonia, In the Name of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo Price dates this type 311 - 305 B.C. Houghton dates it 311 - 300 B.C. Houghton notes that Kritt down-dated the chronology due to the complexity of the emissions and that two hoards independently support the revised dating.
SH71155. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber 82.5b, Price 3747, Müller Alexander 734, VF, high relief, fine style, toned, edge bump, weight 16.680 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 90o, Babylon mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, MYPT monogram (variant with pellet in P) in wreath left, MI under throne; $580.00 (€435.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, as Satrap of Babylonia, 317 - 311 B.C.
Click for a larger photo A rare denomination struck only at the Babylon mint.

When Alexander's empire was divided, his general Seleucus received the satrapy of Babylonia. From about 317 to about 311 B.C., however, Antigonus I Monophthalmus (The "One-Eyed") took over as ruler of all Mesopotamia. Seleucus took refuge with Ptolemy of Egypt and with his aid was able to reenter Babylon in 312 B.C. In 306 Antigonus became the first of the Macedonian generals to take the royal title. In 301 he was defeated and killed by the combined armies of Seleucus and Lysimachus.
GS68012. Silver 1/30th tetradrachm, Price 3729, Müller Alexander -, VF, reverse scuff, uneven toning, weight 0.530 g, maximum diameter 8.92 mm, die axis 0o, Babylon mint, 317 - 311 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse MYP monogram in wreath over XA monogram on left, club, bow and quiver; $215.00 (€161.25)

Seleucid Kingdom, Antiochus I Soter, 280 - 261 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Antiochus faced a formidable task holding the empire together. Revolt broke out in Syria almost immediately after his father's death. He earned the title Soter (savior) for victory over hordes of Gauls that attacked Anatolia. Elsewhere, he had little success. He was forced to abandon Macedonia, Thrace, Bithynia, and Cappadocia and to execute his eldest son for rebellion.
SH63912. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber I 379.3, Hoover Syrian 128g, cf. Newell ESM 149, aVF, marks, scratches, small edge flake, weight 15.312 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 270o, Seleucia on Tigris mint, 280 - 261 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochus I right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow in right hand, resting left on grounded bow, monograms outer left and outer right; $195.00 (€146.25)


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III the Great, c. 323 - 136 B.C.
Click for a larger photo It appears there may be a date below the head of Herakles - ΣOP (year 176). If it actually is a date and if it is a Seleukid era date, it equates to 137 - 136 B.C. This would be an unlikely spot for a date. Most likely, the "date" is just lion fur.
GS71548. Silver obol, cf. SGCV II 6735-37; Price 4007-4011 (monograms), VF, weight 0.510 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 135o, uncertain Eastern mint, posthumous, c. 323 - 136 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, no symbol; $125.00 (€93.75)

Parthian Empire, Orodes II, 57 - 38 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The severed head of the Roman general Crassus was presented to Orodes II during a performance of Euripides' tragedy, The Bacchae. It was used as a prop, carried by one of the actors in the play. In Rome it was said the Parthians poured molten gold into his mouth as a symbol of his thirst for wealth.
GS69914. Bronze chalkous, cf. Sellwood 47.36, Fair, weight 1.819 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 180o, Ecbatana mint, c. 57 - 38 B.C.; obverse diademed bust left with short pointed beard, star before, crescent behind; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN APΣAKOY EYEPΓET ∆IKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ (or similar), uncertain object (Nike walking right?), AT monogram on right; rare; $75.00 (€56.25)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Nisibis, Mesopotamia
Click for a larger photo Nisibis is the city of Netzivin in the Talmud. The Jews of Nisibis resisted the Roman conqueror, Trajan, to maintain Parthian rule. The city was taken only after a lengthy siege. After the it fell, Nisibis was laid waste and the massacre was so great that the houses, streets, and roads were strewn with corpses.
RP59123. Bronze AE 26, BMC Arabia p. 120, 5; SNG Cop 235; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Righetti -; SNG Milan -; Lindgren -, gF, weight 13.783 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 0o, Nisibis mint, obverse AYT KAI MAP AY CE AΛEΞAN∆POC, radiate bust right; reverse CEΠ KOΛO NEΣIBI MHT, bust of Tyche right, turreted, draped and veiled, ram above, stars before and behind; scarce; $75.00 (€56.25)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Carrhae, Mesopotamia
Click for a larger photo Caracalla was assassinated near Carrhae on 8 April 217, while urinating on a roadside. When his escort gave him privacy to relieve himself, Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard, ran forward and killed Caracalla with a single sword stroke. Martialis fled on horseback, but was killed by a bodyguard archer. Herodian says Caracalla had executed Martialis' brother a few days earlier on an unproven charge. Cassius Dio says that Martialis was resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion. Macrinus, the Praetorian Guard Prefect, who succeeded him as emperor, may have arranged the assassination.
RP67880. Bronze AE 20, cf. BMC Arabia p.85, 16 ff.; SNG Hunterian 2485 ff.; SNG Cop 176 ff., F, nice green patina, flan crack, weak legends, weight 4.254 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Carrhae mint, obverse M AVR ANTONINVS P F AVG, laureate head right, with short beard; reverse COL MET ANTONINIANA, turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right; $70.00 (€52.50)

Parthian Empire, Vologases III, 105 - 147 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Seleucia, where this coin was minted, stood in Mesopotamia, on the west bank of the Tigris River. Trajan destroyed it in 117 A.D. It was rebuilt after Hadrian ceded the area but destroyed again by the Romans in 164 A.D. Today it lies under a Baghdad suburb.
GB17922. Bronze dichalkon, Sellwood 79.4; Shore 622, aVF, weight 1.106 g, maximum diameter 11.4 mm, die axis 0o, Seleukeia on the Tigris mint, obverse bearded bust left wearing diadem and earring; reverse turreted and draped bust of Tyche right, holding diadem? date before?; nice green patina; rare; $65.00 (€48.75)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Edessa, Mesopotamia
Click for a larger photo Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
RP56756. Bronze AE 28, SNG Cop 220; BMC Arabia p. 111, 128 ff., F, porous, weight 14.292 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Mesopotamia, Edessa mint, obverse AYTOK K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MHT KOΛ E∆ECCHNΩN, veiled and turreted bust of Tyche left, a flaming altar below her chin, before her a small figure of Aquarius standing on a pedestal holding a water-skin; $65.00 (€48.75)

Kingdom of Elymais, Orodes II, Early - Mid 2nd Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo Elymais was the biblical Elam and home of the magi. With its capitol at Susa, it was a small kingdom in what is now Iran and Kuwait. The Kingdom of Elymais struck coins from the middle of the 2nd century B.C. until their defeat by the Sasanians in 227 A.D.
GB90765. Bronze drachm, vant Haaff 13.3.2-1A; BMC Arabia p. 262, 19; SGICV 5905, VF, weight 3.835 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, Susa(?) mint, Early - Mid 2nd Century A.D.; obverse bearded bust facing wearing diademed tiara without crest, on right pellet inside crescent above anchor with double crossbar; reverse dashes; ex Forum (2010); $45.00 (€33.75)

Kingdom of Elymais, Orodes II, Early - Mid 2nd Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo Elymais was the biblical Elam and home of the magi. With its capitol at Susa, it was a small kingdom in what is now Iran and Kuwait. The Kingdom of Elymais struck coins from the middle of the 2nd century B.C. until their defeat by the Sasanians in 227 A.D.
GB90775. Bronze drachm, vant Haaff 13.3.2-2B; BMC Arabia p. 262, 19 ff.; SGICV 5905, VF, weight 3.408 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, obverse long bearded bust facing wearing diademed tiara with crest of rays; to right, pellet inside crescent above anchor with single crossbar; reverse dashes; ex Forum (2010); $45.00 (€33.75)

Kingdom of Elymais, Orodes III, 2nd Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo Elymais was the biblical Elam and home of the magi. With its capitol at Susa, it was a small kingdom in what is now Iran and Kuwait. The Kingdom of Elymais struck coins from the middle of the 2nd century B.C. until their defeat by the Sasanians in 227 A.D.
GB90347. Bronze drachm, vant Haaff 16.4.2-1A; SGICV 5896; BMC Arabia p. 259, 68 ff., (Orodes I), VF, weight 3.121 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, Susa(?) mint, 2nd century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left wearing tiara ornamented with anchor; to right, pellet in crescent above anchor; reverse field filled with parallel dashes; ex Forum (2006); $40.00 (€30.00)

Kingdom of Elymais, Kamnaskires-Orodes, Early - Mid 2nd Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo  
GB90793. Bronze drachm, vant Haaff 12.3.1-2A2; SGICV 5910 (Kamnaskires-Orodes III), BMC Arabia p. 270, 98 ff. (Orodes II), aVF, weight 3.300 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, obverse long bearded cuirassed bust facing, large bunches of hair at sides, wearing diademed tiara; to right, pellet inside crescent above anchor; reverse irregular dashes; ex Forum (2010); $35.00 (€26.25)

Persian(?), Sasanian(?), Islamic (?), Uncertain Date
Click for a larger photo A Bulla (plural, Bullae) is a lump of clay or lead molded around a cord and stamped with a seal that identifies the sender. With a bulla in place a container cannot be violated without visible damage to either the bulla or the cord, thereby ensuring the contents remain tamper-proof until they reach their destination.
BZ49891. Lead bulla (tag seal), Lead bulla seal, the bust appears to be too exotic to be Roman or Byzantine, weight 6.832 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, obverse bust right, helmeted(?) or crowned(?); reverse bust(?); $33.00 (€24.75)


ITEMS PER PAGE 13510203050



CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Numismatique d'Edessa. (Paris, 1904).
Castelin, K.O. The Coinage of Rhesaena in Mesopotamia. ANSNNM 108. (New York, 1946).
Göbl, R. Münzprägung des Kusanreiches. (Wien, 1984).
Göbl, R. Sasanian Numismatics. (Braunschweig, 1971).
Gyselen, R., ed. New Evidence for Sasanian Numismatics: The Collection of Ahmad Saeedi. (Leuven, Belgium, 2004).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Arabia, Mesopotamia and Persia. (London, 1922).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Syrian Coins, Royal and Civic Issues, Fourth to First Centuries BC. HGC 9. (Lancaster, PA, 2009).
Houghton, A. Coins of the Seleucid Empire from the Collection of Arthur Houghton. ACNAC 4. (New York, 1983).
Houghton, A., C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. (Lancaster, 2002 - 2008).
Klose, D.O. & W. Müseler. Die Münzen aus Persepolis von Alexander dem Großen zu den Sasaniden. (Munich, 2008).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Mitchiner, M. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. (London, 1975-1976).
Nelson, B.R., ed. Numismatic Art of Persia. The Sunrise Collection, Part I: Ancient - 650 BC to AD 650. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Newell, E. T. Alexander Hoards II, Demanhur, 1905. ANSNNM 19 (1923).
Newell, E. T. The Coinage of the Eastern Seleucid Mints, From Seleucus I to Antiochus III. (New York, 1938).
Nicolet-Pierre, H. "Silver and gold strikes in Babylonia between 331 and 311 or Mazda Seleucus" in Travaux Le Rider.
Nicolet-Pierre, H. "Thionèsis, roi de Characène (25/24-20/19 ou 19/18 avant J.-C.)" in Revue Numismatique, 6e sér. 20 (1978).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Price, M.J. The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (Zurich-London, 1991).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sellwood, D. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia. (London, 1980).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Israel I, The Arnold Spaer Collection of Seleucid Coins. (London, 1998).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, Burton Y. Berry. Part 2. Megaris to Egypt.. (New York, 1962).
Tyler-Smith, S. “A parcel of Persis drachms, half drachms and obols” in NC 164 (2004).
van't Haaff, P.A. Catalogue of Elymaean Coinage, Ca. 147 B.C. - A.D. 228. (Lancaster, PA. 2007).
Waggoner, N. "The Early Alexander Coinage at Seleucia on the Tigris" in ANSMN 15 (1969).
Winzer, A. Antike portraitmünzen der Perser und Greichen aus vor-hellenistischer Zeit (Zeitraum ca. 510-322 v.Chr.). (March-Hugstetten, 2005).
Wroth, W. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Parthia. (London, 1903).

Catalog current as of Friday, October 31, 2014.
Page created in 2.839 seconds
Ancient Coins of Persia and Mesopotamia