, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
This coin was struck under one of the Macedonian satraps in Babylon: , Dokimos, or Seleukos I. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, made by Perdiccas rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.SH73195. Silver , 3697, 1542, VF, 17.067 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 135o, Babylon mint, , Dokimos, or Seleukos I, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, of facing on left, KY under throne; ; $700.00 (€616.00)
Kingdom of Edessa, , Abgar X with , 242 - 244 A.D.
Abgar X Frahad bar Manu was raised to the throne when recovered from the Persians. His rule and the Kingdom of Edessa both ended with Gordian's assassination and a Sassanid takeover in 244 A.D. RP90428. Bronze AE 25, 225; p. 114, 144; 5745, VF, centered, light corrosion, 10.938 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 0o, , Edessa mint, 242 - 244 A.D.; AYTOK K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC CEB, laureate of right, drapery on left shoulder, before; ABΓAPOC BACIΛEYC, mantled of Abgar right, bearded, wearing a diademed Parthian-style ornamented with a rosette, behind; $220.00 (€193.60)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Artaxerxes I - Darius II, c. 455 - 420 B.C.
SH75209. Silver , IV (early) A; 1037 (also ); p. 71 and pl. 19, 146 ff.; 678; 4683, F, fantastic of the !, banker's mark, , 5.073 g, maximum 15.6 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 455 - 420 B.C.; Kneeling-running figure of the Great right, dagger in right, bow in left, bearded, crowned, shapeless body completely lacking a waist; irregular oblong punch; $200.00 (€176.00)
, I Monophthalmus, as of , 317 - 311 B.C.
A struck only at the Babylon mint.
When Alexander's empire was divided, his general Seleucus received the satrapy of . From about 317 to about 311 B.C., however, I Monophthalmus (The "One-Eyed") took over as ruler of all . Seleucus took refuge with Ptolemy of and with his aid was able to reenter Babylon in 312 B.C. In 306 became the first of the Macedonian generals to take the royal title. In 301 he was defeated and killed by the combined armies of Seleucus and .GS68012. Silver 1/30th , 3729, -, VF, scuff, uneven , 0.530 g, maximum 8.92 mm, 0o, Babylon mint, 317 - 311 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; MYP in wreath over XA on left, club, bow and quiver; $170.00 (€149.60)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Edessa,
Edessa is the historical name of an Assyrian town in northern , refounded on an ancient site by Seleucus I Nicator. was assassinated in Edessa in 217 and Valerian was captured by Shapur I at Edessa in 260.
In 230, the Persian Ardashir I invaded . Alexander attempted to make peace but was rebuffed. He and his mother made their headquarters at Antioch and accompanied the legions. The Roman counterattack was defeated in 232 but both sides suffered heavy losses and agreed to a truce. In 233, celebrated a triumph in Rome to observe his "victory."
RP71324. Bronze AE 26, 218; p. 108, 106; 2582, aVF, on a , green , porous, 7.212 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Edessa mint, AYT K M A C Eς AΛEΞA∆POC CE (CE below ), laureate draped and right, from behind; MHT KOΛ E∆ECCHNWN, turreted seated left on rock, small flaming before her, half-figure of river-god swimming right at her feet, before and behind; ; $120.00 (€105.60)
, the Great, c. 323 - 136 B.C.
It appears there may be a date below the of - ΣOP (year 176). If it actually is a date and if it is a Seleukid era date, it equates to 137 - 136 B.C. This would be an unlikely spot for a date. Most likely, the "date" is just fur.GS71548. Silver , cf. 4007 - 4011, 6735 - 6737, VF, 0.510 g, maximum 10.0 mm, 135o, uncertain Eastern mint, , c. 323 - 136 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, no symbol; $110.00 (€96.80)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Darius II - Artaxerxes II, c. 420 - 375 B.C.
GA74428. Silver , IV (middle) B, p. 73 and pl. 19, 217 ff.; 1033; 4683, VF, banker's mark, 5.510 g, maximum 16.7 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 420 - 375 B.C.; Kneeling-running figure of the Great right, dagger in right, bow in left, quiver on right shoulder, crowned, waist indicated, pellets on sleeves; irregular oblong punch; $100.00 (€88.00)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Artaxerxes I - Artaxerxes II, c. 450 - 375 B.C.
GA73933. Silver , IIIb (late), pl. XIV, 36 ff.; 1029; 671 - 672; 4682; 761; p. 69 and pl. 18, 79 ff., VF, die wear, 5.541 g, maximum 14.6 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 375 B.C.; kneeling-running figure of the Great right, spear in right, bow in left, bearded, crowned, stylistic drapery with broad semi-circular sweep of folds; banker's mark; rectangular punch; $100.00 (€88.00)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Xerxes I - Darius II, c. 485 - 420 BC.
After the destruction of the Kingdom of Judah, the Jews were taken into the seventy-year Babylonian captivity. When ancient took control of Babylon, Haman, the royal vizier, convinced Ahasuerus to destroy all the Jews. Esther, Ahasuerus' queen and, unknown to him, a Jew, interceded on behalf of her people. By law the could not rescind the order to slaughter the Jews, so he issued a second decree that permitted the Jews to defend themselves with armed force. The replaced Haman with Mordecai, a palace official, cousin and foster parent of Esther. The Jews defeated Haman, killing his ten sons that were leading the attacks, and then hanged Haman. The day after the battle was designated as a day of feasting and rejoicing. Scholars identify Ahasuerus as the historical Xerxes I, 485 - 465 B.C. Xerxes is the Greek version of his name but the Babylonians knew him as Khshayarsha. The Hebrew name Ahasuerus, appears to be derived from Khshayarsha, with the letter A added at the beginning.GA75898. Silver , IIIb (early), pl. XII, 16 ff.; 673; 4682; pl. 7, 155 ff.; p. 67 and pl. 17, 1 ff., F, many banker's marks, 5.509 g, maximum 15.7 mm, Kneeling-running figure of the Great right, spear in right, bow in left, bearded, crowned; irregular oblong punch; $100.00 (€88.00)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Darius II - Artaxerxes II, c. 420 - 375 B.C.
GA75895. Silver , IV (middle) B, p. 73 and pl. 19, 217 ff.; 1033; 4683, aF, banker's marks, 5.490 g, maximum 14.7 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 420 - 375 BC.; Kneeling-running figure of the Great right, dagger in right, bow in left, quiver on right shoulder, crowned, waist indicated, pellets on sleeves; irregular oblong punch; $90.00 (€79.20)
Parthian Empire, Orodes II, 57 - 38 B.C.
The severed of the Roman general Crassus was presented to Orodes II during a performance of Euripides' tragedy, The . It was used as a prop, carried by one of the actors in the play. In Rome it was said the poured molten gold into his mouth as a symbol of his thirst for wealth.GS69914. Bronze , cf. 47.36, , 1.819 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 180o, Ecbatana mint, c. 57 - 38 B.C.; diademed left with short pointed beard, before, crescent behind; BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN APΣAKOY EYEPΓET ∆IKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ (or similar), uncertain object ( walking right?), AT on right; ; $65.00 (€57.20)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
is the city of Netzivin in the Talmud. The Jews of resisted the Roman conqueror, , to maintain Parthian rule. The city was taken only after a lengthy siege. After the it fell, was laid waste and the massacre was so great that the houses, streets, and roads were strewn with corpses.RP59123. Bronze AE 26, p. 120, 5; 235; -; -; -; -, gF, 13.783 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, mint, AYT KAI MAP AY CE AΛEΞAN∆POC, right; CEΠ KOΛO NEΣIBI MHT, of right, turreted, draped and veiled, ram above, stars before and behind; ; $65.00 (€57.20)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
was assassinated near on 8 April 217, while urinating on a roadside. When his escort gave him privacy to relieve himself, Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard, ran forward and killed with a single sword stroke. Martialis fled on horseback, but was killed by a bodyguard archer. Herodian says had executed Martialis' brother a few days earlier on an unproven charge. Cassius Dio says that Martialis was resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion. , the Praetorian Guard Prefect, who succeeded him as emperor, may have arranged the assassination.RP67880. Bronze AE 20, cf. p.85, 16 ff.; 2485 ff.; 176 ff., F, nice green , crack, weak legends, 4.254 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 180o, mint, ANTONINVS , laureate right, with short beard; COL MET ANTONINIANA, turreted, veiled, and draped of right; $60.00 (€52.80)
Kingdom of , Orodes II, Early - Mid 2nd Century A.D.
was the biblical Elam and home of the magi. With its capitol at Susa, it was a small kingdom in what is now Iran and Kuwait. The Kingdom of struck coins from the middle of the 2nd century B.C. until their defeat by the Sasanians in 227 A.D.GB90775. Bronze , 13.3.2-2B; p. 262, 19 ff.; 5905, VF, 3.408 g, maximum 15.6 mm, long bearded facing wearing diademed with crest of rays; to right, pellet inside crescent above with single crossbar; dashes; ex (2010); $40.00 (€35.20)
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