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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Gods,Olympians>AthenaorMinerva PAGE 1/14123

Athena or Minerva

Virgin goddess of wisdom, crafts, and battle strategy. Symbols are the olive tree and the owl. Daughter of Zeus, according to some traditions by Metis.


Athens, Greece, Pi-Style IV Tetradrachm, 353 - c. 340 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The name Pi-style refers to the floral helmet ornament on the obverse which resembles the Greek letter pi (P) bisected by a long central tendril.
SH68874. Silver tetradrachm, Kroll Pi-Style p. 244, fig. 8; Flament p. 127, 4; SNG Delepierre 1475; Svoronos Athens pl. 20, 27; Kroll -; van Alfen New -; SNG Cop -, gVF, toned, unusually nice for this late issue, weight 17.171 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, 353 - c. 340 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and pi-style floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; ex Gemini auction I, lot 135 (2005), ex Commandeer David R. Hinkle Collection; $1400.00 (1050.00)

Aigeai, Cilicia, 31 - 30 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Aegeai (various spellings, including Aigeae) means place of goats in Greek and was the name of many cities of antiquity. Aigeai, on the north-western shore of the Gulf of Issos, was the third largest city in Cilicia. It had a very important temple of Asklepios, which was considered a great privilege and which brought many visitors to the city.
SH26663. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Levante 1655, Bloesch 111, gVF, weight 14.436 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Aigeai mint, 31 - 30 B.C.; obverse veiled and turreted head of Tyche right; reverse AIΓEAIΩN, Athena standing left holding Victory and spear, shield at feet, ∆I and club in left field, Iς below, monogram in lower right field; $1150.00 (862.50)

Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional Style Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $900.00 (675.00)

Philistia or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Pi-Style Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo
This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.Temple of Fortuna
SH66403. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New, Semitic Style Group II, p. 57 and pl. 11, 57 (this coin); for Athenian prototype see Kroll Pi-Style p. 245, fig. 9, VF, two test cuts on the reverse, irregular flan imitating the typical Athenian flan of the period, weight 16.682 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 270o, Gaza(?) mint, c. 350 - 330 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent, the A is missing a portion of one leg, giving the character a form similar to a backwards "P" or an Aramaic letter resh; Van Alfen New plate coin; very rare; $800.00 (600.00)

Syracuse, Sicily, Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
Click for a larger photo With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later the greater part of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
SH62327. Silver stater, Calciati II p. 611, 9; SNG ANS 554 - 557, VF, weight 8.206 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 270o, Syracuse mint, c. 317 - 305 B.C.; obverse head of Athena (or Aphrodite) right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin, and necklace; reverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, Pegasos flying left, triskeles below; $490.00 (367.50)

Kamarina, Sicily, 420 - 405 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Kamarina was suffering a plague. A marsh north of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the marsh, but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the marsh was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained marsh, razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.
GB69930. Bronze tetras, Westermark-Jenkins 203 (same dies); Calciati III p. 68, 38; SNG ANS 1230, Choice aEF, nice green patina, weight 2.781 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 90o, Kamarina mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; obverse head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet decorated with wing, some locks of hair showing, olive spray before her, dot border; reverse KAMA (retrograde upwards), owl standing left on one leg, lizard in other talon, head facing, three pellets (mark of value) below; $450.00 (337.50)

Leukas, Akarnania, Greece, c. 350 - 320 B.C.
Click for a larger photo There should be Λ behind the goddesses head but it is missing on this coin. Perhaps it was, in error, not engraved on the die, or perhaps it was unstruck because the letter on the die was filled with dirt. Although we have seen coins of this type struck from nearly a dozen different reverse dies, we have not found a die match to help determine why the Λ is missing.
SH63533. Silver stater, Pegasi II 413, 84 (same obverse die); BMC Corinth p. 129, 51 ff.; BCD Akarnania 221 var (types right); SNG Cop -, VF, toned, weight 8.163 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Leukas mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; obverse Pegasus flying left, Λ below; reverse head of Athena (or Aphrodite) left in Corinthian helmet over leather cap, Λ (unstruck) and kerykeion behind; $435.00 (326.25)

Cilicia (Uncertain City, Kelenderis?), 4th Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia, to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria.
SH34910. Silver obol, SNG Levante 253, SNG BnF -, Choice aEF, weight 0.572 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kelenderis? mint, obverse head of Athena facing, wearing triple-crested helmet; reverse Pegasos right, uncertain symbol or letter above, within shallow incuse square; rare; $400.00 (300.00)

Velia, Lucania, Italy, c. 334 - 300 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Signed! The KE obverse monogram is the signature of Kleudoros, the artist or mint master of Velia.
SH63418. Silver nomos, Williams Velia 339 (O176/R248); HN Italy 1296, F, nicely toned, weight 7.263 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 135o, Velia mint, c. 334 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Athena left, wearing crested Phrygian helmet decorated with centauress, KE monogram behind neck; reverse lion left, devouring prey, A above, YEΛHTΩN in ex; ex Barry Murphy; $350.00 (262.50)

Athens, Greece, Pi-Style III Tetradrachm, 353 - c. 340 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66394. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 53 and pl. 9, 35 (this coin); Kroll Pi-Style p. 244, fig. 8; Flament p. 126, 3; SNG Cop 63; Svoronos Athens pl. 20, 2; SNG Mnchen 96, VF, test cut on reverse, typical irregular folded flan, weight 16.543 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 340 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen New plate coin; $345.00 (258.75)



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Catalog current as of Thursday, April 24, 2014.
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Athena or Minerva