, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This issue was minted to pay for Caesar's military operation against the Pompeians in . The campaign ended with the dictator's at Thapsus on 6 April 46 B.C. The depicts carrying his father and the away from burning Troy and refers to the mythical descent of the from Iulus, the son of .
SH85104. Silver , 458/1, 12, 1013, East 31, 1402, gVF, bold strike, 3.799 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, mint, 47 - 46 B.C.; diademed of right, wearing necklace, hair rolled back, in a knot behind, two locks down neck; , walking left, nude, carrying his father, , on his left shoulder, in right hand; $1500.00 (€1335.00)
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C.,
Mithradates VI "the Great" expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with . He regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against , however, after three years of war, he was defeated by . The design of this coin is taken from a coin of , bodyguard of Alexander the Great, and of , 323 - 281 B.C. The coin depicted Alexander the Great on the . The features of the portrait on this are those of Mithradates VI.
SH85133. Gold , De p. 141 (D1/R1), 1090 ( ), VF, die wear, 8.395 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 0o, Inferior, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, First Mithradatic War, 88 - 86 B.C.; diademed of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, in right hand, resting left arm on round behind, and V above knee, TO on throne, trident in ; ex CNG e-auction 92 (23 Jun 2004), lot 27; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile, and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the , a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.
GS85068. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, VF, attractive archaic , well struck, , some marks and bumps, small edge cracks, 17.101 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 270o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $900.00 (€801.00)
Athens, , III , 353 - c. 340 B.C.
The Pi III introduced the true floral ornament. The lower tendrils have moved outward from the central tendril, and originate from and perpendicular to the curved horizontal line forming the upper tendrils; they parallel the central tendril for most of their length before flaring outward. The central tendril can be exceptionally long, extending down to ’s ear. Pi III may or may not have a pellet above the earring on the , and have one or two columns of pellets (feathers) to the right of the owl's beak on the . All are struck on folded flans, often elongated oval shaped flans nicknamed "logs."
SH85069. Silver , p. 244, fig. 8; p. 126, 3; 63; 96; 1479; pl. 20: 2, VF, and struck on thick oval "log" , attractive , light bumps and marks, 17.091 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 270o, Athens mint, 353 - c. 340 B.C.; of right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; owl standing right, facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $550.00 (€489.50)
Athens, , , c. 140 - 175 A.D.
Minos demanded that, every ninth year, Athens send seven boys and seven girls to to be devoured by the , a half-man, half-bull monster that lived in the Labyrinth. , son of Aigeus, the of Athens, volunteered to take the place of one of the youths and slay the monster to stop this horror. Upon his arrival to , , Minos' daughter, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of to him find his way out of the Labyrinth. promised that if he escaped he would take her with him. Using the string to mark his path, he made his way to the heart of the Labyrinth, slew the , followed the string out, and then rescued the Athenian boys and girls. told to leave and Phaedra behind on the beach. Distressed by his broken heart, forgot to put up the white sails that were to signal his success. Upon seeing black sails, his father committed suicide, throwing himself off a cliff into the sea, causing this body of water to be named the Aegean.GB77873. Bronze , p. 105, 764; 341; , pl. 96, 1; 276, aF, corrosion, 7.132 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, Athens mint, pseudo-autonomous under , c. 140 - 175 A.D.; helmeted of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; AΘHNAIΩN, right, preparing to slay the , nude, planting knee on the back of , raising club in his right hand, a horn of the in his left hand, the falling right on left knee; from the Butte College Foundation, ex (Antioch Associates); very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Kamarina, , 413 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GI76938. Bronze tetras, 200; III pp. 63 - 65, 33; p. 40; 40; 415; 1228; 169; 548, gVF, nice green , , 3.242 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 90o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 413 - 405 B.C.; of left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with wing, dot ; KAMA (downward on right), owl standing left on left leg, facing, lizard in right talon, three pellets (mark of value) in ; $400.00 (€356.00)
, , Dionysos I, 405 - 367 B.C.
Dionysius I was tyrant of . He conquered several cities in and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in and made the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive.GI76358. Bronze hemilitron, II p. 76, 34 (c. 409 B.C.); 1456 (c. 375 - 344 B.C.); p. 187, 292; 426 ff. (end 5th c. B.C.); -, gVF, attractive , , some light corrosion, 5.429 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 90o, mint, c. 405 - 390 B.C.; ΣYPA, of left, wearing Corinthian helmet, no ornament on helmet, no control ; left, no bridle; $350.00 (€311.50)
, , Pyrrhus of , 278 - 276 B.C.
This combination of control is not listed in the references examined. The control symbol is normally paired with a (thunderbolt) on the . The vertical trident control symbol is normally paired with a club on the .SH73164. Bronze AE 26, II p. 325, 177 Ds 69 var. (club vice cornucompia); 810 var.; 844 ff. var.; 1333 ff. var.; 1450 (S), VF, nice , nice , broad , edge split, 11.274 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 90o, mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin headdress, (control symbol) behind; Promachos advancing right, helmeted and draped, hurling javelin with raised right hand, in left hand, no , vertical trident upward (control symbol) behind; variety; $320.00 (€284.80)
Athens, , , III or IV , 353 - 340 B.C.
The name refers to the floral helmet ornament on the which resembles the Greek letter pi (P) bisected by a long central tendril. On this coin, the Pi-like floral ornament is off the .GS84493. Silver , cf. p. 244, fig. 8; p. 127, 4; 63; 96; pl. V, 4; 2547, VF, , typical but full of owl on , off center but of on , bumps, marks and scratches, 17.157 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 270o, Athens mint, 353 - 340 B.C.; of right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; owl standing right, facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $300.00 (€267.00)
Herakleia, , Italy, 3rd Century B.C.
The sea god , the son of Poseidon and , lived with his parents in a golden palace on the bottom of the sea. Also called Tritons were a group of fish-tailed sea gods or daimones, the Satyrs of the sea. Some, called Ikhthyokentauroi (Sea-Centaurs), had the upper bodies of men and the lower bodies of Hippokampoi (fish-tailed horses).
Glaucus began his life as a mortal fisherman from Anthedon, . He discovered a magical herb which could bring fish back to life, and decided to try eating it. The herb made him immortal, but he grew fins and a fish tail, forcing him to dwell forever in the sea. Glaucus was initially upset by this side-effect, but Oceanus and Tethys received him well and he was quickly accepted among the deities of the sea, learning from them the art of prophecy.GB83465. Bronze AE 13, cf. 144 ff.; 116 ff.; p. 234, 66; 1141; 265; 1437, VF, , nice , green , 2.151 g, maximum 13.1 mm, 180o, Heraklea (in Matera Province, Italy) mint, c. 276 - 250 B.C.; of right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet; marine deity ( or Glaukos?) right, spear in right hand, in left hand, HPAKΛEIΩN below; very ; $270.00 (€240.30)
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