Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.SH72559. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, VF, , high relief, test cuts, 17.117 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 270o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; ex (2007); $720.00 (€640.80)
Athens, , , c. 140 - 175 A.D.
Minos demanded that, every ninth year, Athens send seven boys and seven girls to to be devoured by the , a half-man, half-bull monster that lived in the Labyrinth. , son of Aigeus, the of Athens, volunteered to take the place of one of the youths and slay the monster to stop this horror. Upon his arrival to , , Minos' daughter, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of to him find his way out of the Labyrinth. promised that if he escaped he would take her with him. Using the string to mark his path, he made his way to the heart of the Labyrinth, slew the , followed the string out, and then rescued the Athenian boys and girls. told to leave and Phaedra behind on the beach. Distressed by his broken heart, forgot to put up the white sails that were to signal his success. Upon seeing black sails, his father committed suicide, throwing himself off a cliff into the sea, causing this body of water to be named the Aegean.GB77873. Bronze , p. 105, 764; 341; , pl. 96, 1; 276, aF, corrosion, 7.132 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, Athens mint, pseudo-autonomous under Rome, c. 140 - 175 A.D.; helmeted of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; AΘHNAIΩN, right, preparing to slay the , nude, planting knee on the back of , raising club in his right hand, a horn of the in his left hand, the falling right on left knee; from the Butte College Foundation, ex (Antioch Associates); very ; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kamarina, , 413 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GI76938. Bronze tetras, 200; III pp. 63 - 65, 33; p. 40; 40; 415; 1228; 169; 548, gVF, nice green , , 3.242 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 90o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 413 - 405 B.C.; of left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with wing, dot ; KAMA (downward on right), owl standing left on left leg, facing, lizard in right talon, three pellets (mark of value) in ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Leukas, Akarnania, , c. 350 - 320 B.C.
There should be Λ behind the goddesses but it is missing on this coin. Perhaps it was, in error, not on the die, or perhaps it was unstruck because the letter on the die was filled with dirt. Although we have seen coins of this struck from nearly a dozen different dies, we have not found a die match to determine why the Λ is missing.SH63533. Silver , II 413, 84 (same die); p. 129, 51 ff.; 221 var. (types right); -, VF, , 8.163 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 180o, Leukas mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; flying left, Λ below; of (or Aphrodite) left in Corinthian helmet over leather cap, Λ (unstruck) and behind; $390.00 (€347.10)
, , Pyrrhus of , 278 - 276 B.C.
This combination of control is not listed in the references examined. The control symbol is normally paired with a (thunderbolt) on the . The vertical trident control symbol is normally paired with a club on the .SH73164. Bronze AE 26, II p. 325, 177 Ds 69 var. (club vice cornucompia); 810 var.; 844 ff. var.; 1333 ff. var.; 1450 (S), VF, nice , nice , broad , edge split, 11.274 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 90o, mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin head-dress, (control symbol) behind; Promachos advancing right, helmeted and draped, hurling javelin with raised right hand, in left hand, no , vertical trident upward (control symbol) behind; variety; $360.00 (€320.40)
Side, , 430 - 400 B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, , most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.GS70329. Silver , 628 - 629, 369, II 883, -, VF, a bit off center, 10.642 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 270o, Side mint, 430 - 400 B.C.; pomegranate; of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, within square; $270.00 (€240.30)
, , c. 300 - 200 B.C.
(Latin: ) was an important city of Magna , on a plain of extraordinary fertility on the Gulf of Tarentum, between the river Bradanus and the Casuentus. It was about 20 km from and 40 km from Tarentum.GB71325. Bronze AE 15, 68a; p. 263, 193; 1704; 1254; 542; 562 var. ( l.); 296 var. (same), VF, green , some corrosion, 3.069 g, maximum 15.5 mm, 180o, mint, c. 300 - 200 B.C.; Alkidemos advancing right, brandishing spear in right, in left; , owl standing right on stalk of barley right, facing, wings closed; $250.00 (€222.50)
Sybaris, , Italy, c. 446 - 440 B.C.
In 509 B.C. the Sybaris was defeated by its neighbor and its population expelled. The Sybarites made three attempts to reoccupy their city but were driven out each time by the Krotoniates. Finally in 446 or 445 B.C., with assistance and new settlers from Athens and other cities in the , the Sybarites reoccupied their city. This coin with on the and the bull of Sybaris on the , reflects the union of Athenians and Sybarites in refounding the city. Soon, however, a conflict arose between the partners and nearly all of the Sybarites were killed. The new settlers founded the city of Thurii partly on top of the old Sybaris. Some of the Sybarites escaped and founded Sybaris on the Traeis.GS90332. Silver , 862, 1403, 1166, 1751, gF, , , 1.105 g, maximum 12.1 mm, 315o, Sybaris mint, c. 446 - 440 B.C.; of right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a wreath; bull standing right, left; ex CNG auction 233 (26 Apr 2010), lot 58 ($240 plus fees); $215.00 (€191.35)
Solus (Kefra), , c. 395 - 350 B.C.
GI76344. Bronze tetras, I p. 310, 5; I pl. 23, 20; 740 ff.; 909; 672; 1254; -; -; -, gF, green , 2.235 g, maximum 13.1 mm, Kefra (near Solanto, , Italy) mint, Carthaginian occupation, c. 395 - 350 B.C.; of facing slightly right, wearing Corinthian helmet; Punic : KFRA, nude archer kneeling right, wearing , shooting arrow; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Tauromenion, , c. 210 - 201 B.C.
In 212 B.C., the Roman General Marcellus conquered the fortified city of . Archimedes, the famous inventor was killed during the attack. This coin was struck after submitted peacefully to Marcellus. Many examples of the are on earlier coins of . In 208, Marcellus died in an ambush by a Carthaginian force of Numidian horsemen.GI76997. Bronze AE 24, 1152 (also ), 941 (same), III, p. 223, 29 ff., aVF, , strong effects, nice green , , 7.246 g, maximum 23.6 mm, 180o, Tauromenion (Taormina, ) mint, c. 210 - 201 B.C.; helmeted of left, small owl behind, dot ; TAYPOMENTIAN, left, hind legs on short line, linear ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
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