, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Philip III Arrhidaeus, the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of , was Alexander the Great's half-brother. Alexander's mother, , allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. had him imprisoned and then ordered his execution in 317 B.C.SH72613. Gold , P90, 228 - 230, -, -, EF, lovely Hellenistic , mint luster, 8.579 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a coiled snake, wearing necklace and long drop earring; ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, standing left, wreath in extended right hand, grounded in left at her side, TI left, rose left under wing; ex Numismatics auction 8, lot 470; $5220.00 (€4541.40)
Athens, , , , c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by
After 1 March 86 B.C., was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for , either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and . The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY may refer to the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.SH70948. Silver , cf. 1293; pl. 78, 11; 1653; V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive , well struck, nicely , centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape , 16.581 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; helmeted of Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; owl standing right on on its side right, facing, MARKOY left, TAMIOY right, A on , all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; ; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Byzantion, , c. 210 - 195 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos'
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to , initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in . It survived until the 4th century AD when banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.SH71721. Silver , 411 (same dies), 142 - 146 var ( ), -, -, -, -, -, -, aEF, a few weak areas, 16.731 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 0o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 210 - 195 B.C.; diademed of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, left arm on decorated with , transverse spear against right side, crowning name in right, left, BY on throne; ; $1200.00 (€1044.00)
Aigeai, , 31 - 30 B.C.
Aegeai (various spellings, including Aigeae) means place of goats in Greek and was the name of many cities of antiquity. Aigeai, on the north-western of the Gulf of Issos, was the third largest city in . It had a very important temple of Asklepios, which was considered a great privilege and which brought many visitors to the city.SH26663. Silver , 1655, 111, gVF, 14.436 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 0o, Aigeai mint, 31 - 30 B.C.; veiled and turreted of right; AIΓEAIΩN, standing left holding and spear, at feet, ∆I and club in left , Iς below, in lower right ; $1030.00 (€896.10)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great
Lampsacus was known as center for worship of Priapus, who was said to have been born there.
notes that Lampsacus was Lysimachos' largest mint in , with approximately 150 known dies. Output from Lampsacus declined when Amphipolis began its extensive coinage c. 288 B.C.SH72207. Silver , 49, 2548 - 2549, 843, 1097 ( ), 399 (Sigeum), gVF, , some marks and , 16.495 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 45o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 297 - 281 B.C.; diademed of deified Alexander the Great wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, crowning name in extended right hand, left arm rests on grounded round decorated with , transverse spear against right side, ∆/Ξ inner left , crescent horns left in ; ex Numismatics auction 11, lot 34; $990.00 (€861.30)
Kios, , c. 280 - 250 B.C., Restoration of
According to myth, Kios (Bursa, Turkey) was founded on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) by when he accompanied the Argonauts. According to Greek historians, it was founded in 626 - 625 B.C. by from Miletos. The city joined the Aetolian League and was destroyed by Philip V of Macedon. Prusias I of rebuilt the site, naming it for himself. An important chain in the ancient Silk Road, it became a wealthy town. Under Rome the name Kios was revived.SH90219. Silver , 418 (Erythrai), 2668 var ( not reversed), 1123 var (same), 451 var (same), -, VF, lightly , scattered marks, 16.966 g, maximum 31.7 mm, 0o, Kios mint, c. 280 - 250 B.C.; diademed of the deified Alexander right, with horn of ; seated left, in right crowning king's name with wreath, left arm resting on behind, transverse spear against far side, club outer left, inner left, bow in case and reversed AΓ in ; ex CNG, auction 324 lot 85; variety; $630.00 (€548.10)
Athens, , Old , c. 449 - 413 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.GS73681. Silver , 31 ff., 8, 2526, F, centered, rough, test cuts, 16.302 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 45o, Athens mint, c. 449 - 413 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; $600.00 (€522.00)
Leukas, Akarnania, , c. 350 - 320 B.C.
There should be Λ behind the goddesses but it is missing on this coin. Perhaps it was, in error, not on the die, or perhaps it was unstruck because the letter on the die was filled with dirt. Although we have seen coins of this struck from nearly a dozen different dies, we have not found a die match to determine why the Λ is missing.SH63533. Silver , II 413, 84 (same die); p. 129, 51 ff.; 221 var (types right); -, VF, , 8.163 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 180o, Leukas mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; flying left, Λ below; of (or Aphrodite) left in Corinthian helmet over leather cap, Λ (unstruck) and behind; $435.00 (€378.45)
Roman (Ninica-Claudiopolis?), Octavian/Augustus, c. 30 - 29 B.C.
This was previously attributed to and the portrait as or . , supported by find data, attributes it to , probably Pedias, and identifies the portrait as Octavian/Augustus, and likely immediately post-Actian. proposed the coins were struck for Octavian/Augustus for the founding of Iulia Augusta Ninica, and the epithet could be apply to both and the colony. VE and TER abbreviate the names of the two (municipal officers) of the colony.
RP74281. Bronze provincial as, 4082, aVF, : , 11.247 g, maximum 23.9 mm, 0o, Ninica-Claudiopolis(?) mint, c. 30 - 29 B.C.; PRINCEPS , of right; : obscure in oval punch; VE TER IVLIA , standing left, helmeted and draped; very ; $350.00 (€304.50)
Velia, , Italy, c. 334 - 300 B.C.
Signed! The KE is the signature of Kleudoros, the artist or mint master of Velia.SH63418. Silver nomos, 339 (O176/R248); 1296, F, nicely , 7.263 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 135o, Velia mint, c. 334 - 300 B.C.; of left, wearing crested Phrygian helmet decorated with centauress, KE behind neck; left, devouring prey, A above, YEΛHTΩN ; ex Barry Murphy; $310.00 (€269.70)
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