Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.SH72559. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, VF, , high relief, test cuts, 17.117 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 270o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; ex (2007); $720.00 (€640.80)
Athens, , , c. 140 - 175 A.D.
Minos demanded that, every ninth year, Athens send seven boys and seven girls to to be devoured by the , a half-man, half-bull monster that lived in the Labyrinth. , son of Aigeus, the of Athens, volunteered to take the place of one of the youths and slay the monster to stop this horror. Upon his arrival to , , Minos' daughter, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of to him find his way out of the Labyrinth. promised that if he escaped he would take her with him. Using the string to mark his path, he made his way to the heart of the Labyrinth, slew the , followed the string out, and then rescued the Athenian boys and girls. told to leave and Phaedra behind on the beach. Distressed by his broken heart, forgot to put up the white sails that were to signal his success. Upon seeing black sails, his father committed suicide, throwing himself off a cliff into the sea, causing this body of water to be named the Aegean.GB77873. Bronze , p. 105, 764; 341; , pl. 96, 1; 276, aF, corrosion, 7.132 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, Athens mint, pseudo-autonomous under Rome, c. 140 - 175 A.D.; helmeted of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; AΘHNAIΩN, right, preparing to slay the , nude, planting knee on the back of , raising club in his right hand, a horn of the in his left hand, the falling right on left knee; from the Butte College Foundation, ex (Antioch Associates); very ; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kamarina, , 413 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GI76938. Bronze tetras, 200; III pp. 63 - 65, 33; p. 40; 40; 415; 1228; 169; 548, gVF, nice green , , 3.242 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 90o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 413 - 405 B.C.; of left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with wing, dot ; KAMA (downward on right), owl standing left on left leg, facing, lizard in right talon, three pellets (mark of value) in ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Leukas, Akarnania, , c. 350 - 320 B.C.
There should be Λ behind the goddesses but it is missing on this coin. Perhaps it was, in error, not on the die, or perhaps it was unstruck because the letter on the die was filled with dirt. Although we have seen coins of this struck from nearly a dozen different dies, we have not found a die match to determine why the Λ is missing.SH63533. Silver , II 413, 84 (same die); p. 129, 51 ff.; 221 var. (types right); -, VF, , 8.163 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 180o, Leukas mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; flying left, Λ below; of (or Aphrodite) left in Corinthian helmet over leather cap, Λ (unstruck) and behind; $390.00 (€347.10)
, , Pyrrhus of , 278 - 276 B.C.
This combination of control is not listed in the references examined. The control symbol is normally paired with a (thunderbolt) on the . The vertical trident control symbol is normally paired with a club on the .SH73164. Bronze AE 26, II p. 325, 177 Ds 69 var. (club vice cornucompia); 810 var.; 844 ff. var.; 1333 ff. var.; 1450 (S), VF, nice , nice , broad , edge split, 11.274 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 90o, mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin head-dress, (control symbol) behind; Promachos advancing right, helmeted and draped, hurling javelin with raised right hand, in left hand, no , vertical trident upward (control symbol) behind; variety; $360.00 (€320.40)
Herakleia, , Italy, 3rd Century B.C.
The sea god , the son of Poseidon and , lived with his parents in a golden palace on the bottom of the sea. Also called Tritons were a group of fish-tailed sea gods or daimones, the Satyrs of the sea. Some, called Ikhthyokentauroi (Sea-Centaurs), had the upper bodies of men and the lower bodies of Hippokampoi (fish-tailed horses).
Glaucus began his life as a mortal fisherman from Anthedon, . He discovered a magical herb which could bring fish back to life, and decided to try eating it. The herb made him immortal, but he grew fins and a fish tail, forcing him to dwell forever in the sea. Glaucus was initially upset by this side-effect, but Oceanus and Tethys received him well and he was quickly accepted among the deities of the sea, learning from them the art of prophecy.GB83465. Bronze AE 13, cf. 144 ff.; 116 ff.; p. 234, 66; 1141; 265; 1437, VF, , nice , green , 2.151 g, maximum 13.1 mm, 180o, Heraklea (in Matera Province, Italy) mint, c. 276 - 250 B.C.; of right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet; marine deity ( or Glaukos?) right, spear in right hand, in left hand, HPAKΛEIΩN below; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Side, , 430 - 400 B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, , most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.GS70329. Silver , 628 - 629, 369, II 883, -, VF, a bit off center, 10.642 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 270o, Side mint, 430 - 400 B.C.; pomegranate; of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, within square; $270.00 (€240.30)
, , c. 300 - 200 B.C.
(Latin: ) was an important city of Magna , on a plain of extraordinary fertility on the Gulf of Tarentum, between the river Bradanus and the Casuentus. It was about 20 km from and 40 km from Tarentum.GB71325. Bronze AE 15, 68a; p. 263, 193; 1704; 1254; 542; 562 var. ( l.); 296 var. (same), VF, green , some corrosion, 3.069 g, maximum 15.5 mm, 180o, mint, c. 300 - 200 B.C.; Alkidemos advancing right, brandishing spear in right, in left; , owl standing right on stalk of barley right, facing, wings closed; $250.00 (€222.50)
Methymna, , c. 450 - 379 B.C.
Methymna, the prosperous second city of , was, According to myth, named after a daughter of , the god of the island, and Macar, the island's first . Methymna had a long-standing rivalry with Mytilene and sided with Athens during the Mytilenaean revolt in 428 B.C. All the other cities of sided with Mytilene. After Athenians put down the revolt, only Methymna was spared from being made a cleruchy. After 427, Methymna and were the only members of the Delian League to remain self-governing and exempt from tribute, indicating a privileged position within the Athenian Empire. Methymna was briefly captured by the Spartans in summer 412, but quickly retaken by the Athenians. When the Spartan Kallikratidas besieged Methymna in 406, the city stayed loyal to its Athenian garrison and held out until it was betrayed by several traitors.GS76101. Silver , Münzprägung 19, 351, 351, 904 (R2), -, VF, , grainy and porous, 0.380 g, maximum 8.1 mm, Methymna mint, c. 450/40 - 406/379 B.C.; of right, wearing crested Attic helmet with spiral floral ornament; , MAΘ around clockwise, linear , all within a round ; $250.00 (€222.50)
Solus (Kefra), , c. 395 - 350 B.C.
GI76344. Bronze tetras, I p. 310, 5; I pl. 23, 20; 740 ff.; 909; 672; 1254; -; -; -, gF, green , 2.235 g, maximum 13.1 mm, Kefra (near Solanto, , Italy) mint, Carthaginian occupation, c. 395 - 350 B.C.; of facing slightly right, wearing Corinthian helmet; Punic : KFRA, nude archer kneeling right, wearing , shooting arrow; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
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