Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.SH84628. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, gVF, , light marks, 16.505 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 90o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 47, lot 104; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
Athens, , , c. 140 - 175 A.D.
Minos demanded that, every ninth year, Athens send seven boys and seven girls to to be devoured by the , a half-man, half-bull monster that lived in the Labyrinth. , son of Aigeus, the of Athens, volunteered to take the place of one of the youths and slay the monster to stop this horror. Upon his arrival to , , Minos' daughter, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of to him find his way out of the Labyrinth. promised that if he escaped he would take her with him. Using the string to mark his path, he made his way to the heart of the Labyrinth, slew the , followed the string out, and then rescued the Athenian boys and girls. told to leave and Phaedra behind on the beach. Distressed by his broken heart, forgot to put up the white sails that were to signal his success. Upon seeing black sails, his father committed suicide, throwing himself off a cliff into the sea, causing this body of water to be named the Aegean.GB77873. Bronze , p. 105, 764; 341; , pl. 96, 1; 276, aF, corrosion, 7.132 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, Athens mint, pseudo-autonomous under Rome, c. 140 - 175 A.D.; helmeted of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; AΘHNAIΩN, right, preparing to slay the , nude, planting knee on the back of , raising club in his right hand, a horn of the in his left hand, the falling right on left knee; from the Butte College Foundation, ex (Antioch Associates); very ; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kamarina, , 413 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GI76938. Bronze tetras, 200; III pp. 63 - 65, 33; p. 40; 40; 415; 1228; 169; 548, gVF, nice green , , 3.242 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 90o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 413 - 405 B.C.; of left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with wing, dot ; KAMA (downward on right), owl standing left on left leg, facing, lizard in right talon, three pellets (mark of value) in ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Leukas, Akarnania, , c. 350 - 320 B.C.
There should be Λ behind the goddesses but it is missing on this coin. Perhaps it was, in error, not on the die, or perhaps it was unstruck because the letter on the die was filled with dirt. Although we have seen coins of this struck from nearly a dozen different dies, we have not found a die match to determine why the Λ is missing.SH63533. Silver , II 413, 84 (same die); p. 129, 51 ff.; 221 var. (types right); -, VF, , 8.163 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 180o, Leukas mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; flying left, Λ below; of (or Aphrodite) left in Corinthian helmet over leather cap, Λ (unstruck) and behind; $390.00 (€347.10)
, , Dionysos I, 405 - 367 B.C.
Dionysius I was tyrant of . He conquered several cities in and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in and made the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive.GI76358. Bronze hemilitron, II p. 76, 34 (c. 409 B.C.); 1456 (c. 375 - 344 B.C.); p. 187, 292; 426 ff. (end 5th c. B.C.); -, gVF, attractive , , some light corrosion, 5.429 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 90o, mint, c. 405 - 390 B.C.; ΣYPA, of left, wearing Corinthian helmet, no ornament on helmet, no control ; left, no bridle; $350.00 (€311.50)
, , Pyrrhus of , 278 - 276 B.C.
This combination of control is not listed in the references examined. The control symbol is normally paired with a (thunderbolt) on the . The vertical trident control symbol is normally paired with a club on the .SH73164. Bronze AE 26, II p. 325, 177 Ds 69 var. (club vice cornucompia); 810 var.; 844 ff. var.; 1333 ff. var.; 1450 (S), VF, nice , nice , broad , edge split, 11.274 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 90o, mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin headdress, (control symbol) behind; Promachos advancing right, helmeted and draped, hurling javelin with raised right hand, in left hand, no , vertical trident upward (control symbol) behind; variety; $320.00 (€284.80)
Herakleia, , Italy, 3rd Century B.C.
The sea god , the son of Poseidon and , lived with his parents in a golden palace on the bottom of the sea. Also called Tritons were a group of fish-tailed sea gods or daimones, the Satyrs of the sea. Some, called Ikhthyokentauroi (Sea-Centaurs), had the upper bodies of men and the lower bodies of Hippokampoi (fish-tailed horses).
Glaucus began his life as a mortal fisherman from Anthedon, . He discovered a magical herb which could bring fish back to life, and decided to try eating it. The herb made him immortal, but he grew fins and a fish tail, forcing him to dwell forever in the sea. Glaucus was initially upset by this side-effect, but Oceanus and Tethys received him well and he was quickly accepted among the deities of the sea, learning from them the art of prophecy.GB83465. Bronze AE 13, cf. 144 ff.; 116 ff.; p. 234, 66; 1141; 265; 1437, VF, , nice , green , 2.151 g, maximum 13.1 mm, 180o, Heraklea (in Matera Province, Italy) mint, c. 276 - 250 B.C.; of right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet; marine deity ( or Glaukos?) right, spear in right hand, in left hand, HPAKΛEIΩN below; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, , c. 300 - 200 B.C.
(Latin: ) was an important city of Magna , on a plain of extraordinary fertility on the Gulf of Tarentum, between the river Bradanus and the Casuentus. It was about 20 km from and 40 km from Tarentum.GB71325. Bronze AE 15, 68a; p. 263, 193; 1704; 1254; 542; 562 var. ( l.); 296 var. (same), VF, green , some corrosion, 3.069 g, maximum 15.5 mm, 180o, mint, c. 300 - 200 B.C.; Alkidemos advancing right, brandishing spear in right, in left; , owl standing right on stalk of barley right, facing, wings closed; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Ilion (Troy),
Ilion (Troy) became an ally of Rome in the 1st century BC. In 48 B.C., bestowed benefactions on the city, recalling the city's loyalty during the Mithridatic Wars, the city's connection with his cousin L. , and the family's claim that they were ultimately descended from through the Trojan prince and therefore shared a kinship with the Ilians. In 20 B.C., visited Ilion and financed the restoration and rebuilding of the sanctuary of Ilias, the bouleuterion, and the theater.RP79605. Bronze AE 19, 38; p. 71, 99; 439; 5414; p. 75, T280; 277 var. (no ), VF, broad , green , adjustment marks, 4.266 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, Ilion (Troy) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; AVT K M AN ΓOP∆IANO, laureate, draped and right, from behind; mummiform statue of Ilias standing slightly right, right, transverse spear in right hand, in extended left hand, small round at feet, IΛIE−ΩN divided across near center; ex Ancient Imports; very ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
, equated with the Greek , was the Roman virgin warrior goddess of poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, weaving, crafts, magic, and the inventor of music. She was worshiped on the Capitoline as one of the Capitoline Triad along with and .RS83546. Silver , , p. 82, A444 var. ( right); 618d; , p. 99, A690; , p. 278, 13 var. ( right, slight drapery); -, aVF, attractive portrait, , tiny edge cracks, 3.106 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 148 - 149 A.D.; AVRELIVS AVG , left; III , standing right, helmeted and draped, inverted spear vertical behind in right hand, resting left hand on grounded on left side; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
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