On 3 July 324, at Adrianople, Constantine defeated Licinius forcing him to retreat to . destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing his father to over the and besiege Licinius. On 18 September, decisively defeated Licinius at the Battle of Chrysopolis and became sole emperor.RL90682. , 281, 28, 16726, EF, green , perfect centering, small die break on at 8:00, 4.026 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, 1st , Londinium ( , England) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; CRISPVS , helmeted and left, holding spear and ; , globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, in ; ; $195.00 (€173.55)
On 3 July 324, at Adrianople, Constantine defeated Licinius forcing him to retreat to . destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing his father to over the and besiege Licinius. On 18 September, decisively defeated Licinius at the Battle of Chrysopolis and became sole emperor.RL76316. , 275, 2, 29, 16726, gVF, fantastic portrait with ornate helmet, both sides slightly off center, 3.223 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, Londinium ( , England) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; CRISPVS , helmeted and left; BEAT TRA-NQLITAS, globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, ; $180.00 (€160.20)
Crispus' earliest issue. On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons , ( an baby) and to Caesars. After this arrangement Constantine ruled the dioceses and , and established his residence at , from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.RL76319. reduced , 115 (R2), 16718, 136, EF, excellent centering and strike, some die wear, 3.243 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 0o, Londinium ( , England) mint, 1st issue, 1 Mar - end 317 A.D.; CRISPVS , laureate and right; , Sol standing left, , nude but for over left shoulder, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, across fields, PLN in ; ; $175.00 (€155.75)
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.RL77203. , Lyons 133, 25, 16734, 102, 6, EF, charming portrait, some , 3.162 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 321 A.D.; CRISPVS , laureate and right; (blessed tranquility), inscribed VO/TIS / XX surmounted by globe, three stars above, C left, R right, PLG crescent in ; $175.00 (€155.75)
Certificate of Authenticity issued by .
David Sear notes, "a previously unpublished variant of the series listed by (Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de ) on pages 163 and 164, numbers 155-6 and 159-61 (cf. , p. 134, 202-4)...good F, and interesting as an unpublished variant."RL70838. , unpublished variant; cf. XIII, 155-6 and 159-61; Lyons 202 - 204, gF, 3.451 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, 1st , ( , France) mint, as , 322 - 323 A.D.; IVL CRISPVS , laureate and left, spear pointed forward in right, in left; BEAT TRAN-Q-LITAS, globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, PLG in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $160.00 (€142.40)
In 323, Constantine the Great defeated invading Goths and Sarmatians of the Danube in , and claimed the title Sarmaticus .RL74542. , Trier 372, 16731, 22; very decoration, aF, corrosion, flaking, 16.330 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 0o, 1st , (Trier, Germany) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; IVL CRISPVS , laureate and left, spear over shoulder in right, on left shoulder ornamented with inscribing ; BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, inscribed VO/TIS / XX surmounted by globe, three stars above, •PTR• in ; $160.00 (€142.40)
In 320, , the eldest son of Constantine the Great, led a victorious campaign against the Franks, assuring twenty years of peace along the Rhine frontier. He established his residence in Augusta Treverorum (modern Trier), capital of .RL76391. , Trier 297 (R4), 16845, 172, -, gVF, nice , excellent centering and strike, , 3.353 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, (Trier, Germany) mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; CRISPVS , helmeted and right; , two seated captives flanking the base of a inscribed in two lines, captive on right looking back at banner, STR in ; very ; $155.00 (€137.95)
Thracian or Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.
This was minted by and used as currency by tribes outside the Roman empire in . It copied a Roman votive issued under Constantine the Great. The inscriptions are made up of illiterate imitations of letters.CE76987. Bronze AE 18, Imitative of types, for prototypes see p. 379 ff. (official Roman, Ticinum mint, c. 320 - 325 A.D.), VF, nice green , 2.047 g, maximum 17.7 mm, tribal mint, mid 4th - early 5th century A.D.; laureate left, illiterate blundered imitation of a ; blundered within wreath, illiterate blundered limitation of a around, ST in ; $140.00 (€124.60)
In 321, Constantine expelled the Goths from the Danube frontier and repaired Trajan's Bridge. He lead an expedition into the old province (modern Romania) and made peace with the barbarians.RL74453. , 275, 2, 29, 16726, gVF. dark green , , some light corrosion, 2.871 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, Londinium ( , England) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; CRISPVS , helmeted and left (nice fancy helmet); BEAT TRANQVILLITAS, globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, in ; ex William B Porter Collection; $120.00 (€106.80)
abbreviates Decennalibus, which means has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for ten years of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RL76941. , 181, 16773, 44, aEF, nice centering, nice green , 2.983 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 195o, 2nd , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; IVL CRISPVS , laureate right; , VOT / X in wreath, BSIS and in ; $120.00 (€106.80)
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