Arpi, , Italy, 215 - 212 B.C., Struck Under Hannibal
Arpi remained faithful to Rome until Rome's defeat at the battle of Cannae and then defected to Hannibal. Rome captured Arpi in 213 or 212 B.C. and it never recovered its former importance. No Roman inscriptions have been found there, and remains of antiquity are scanty.
GB72290. Bronze AE 17, 650; 46; 613 var.(divided ); p. 131, 12 var. (same), VF, green , 3.570 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 225o, Arpi (near Foggia, Italy) mint, 215 - 212 B.C.; of right, wearing Corinthian helmet; APΠANOY (upward on left), bunch of grapes; ; $160.00 (€140.80)
Arpi, , Italy, 215 - 212 B.C., Struck Under Hannibal
Arpi remained faithful to Rome until Rome's defeat at the battle of Cannae and then defected to Hannibal. Rome captured Arpi in 213 or 212 B.C. and it never recovered its former importance. No Roman inscriptions have been found there, and remains of antiquity are scanty. GB73614. Bronze AE 20, 650; 46; 613; p. 131, 12, F, 3.792 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 270o, Arpi (near Foggia, Italy) mint, 215 - 212 B.C.; of right, wearing Corinthian helmet; APΠANOY, bunch of grapes; ; $150.00 (€132.00)
, , , Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.
on an earlier Siculo-Punic bronze, with of Tanit / horse with behind. The male image lacks signs of a deity and may be one of the leaders of the Punic forces.
GB65846. Bronze AE 17, 121 (also on 109 - 119), VF, , 2.576 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 315o, Sicilian mint, late 4th - early 3rd century B.C.; youthful male left between two stalks of grain; : of Tanit left; horse galloping to right; : horse standing right, tree behind in background; ; $135.00 (€118.80)
, , , c. 241 - 221 B.C.
, a Phoenician city-state on the Gulf of Tunis in , was once a major hub of trade and dominated the western Mediterranean. Conflict with the Sicilian Greeks and the Roman Republic led to recurring war. In 146 B.C., after the third and final Punic War, was destroyed and occupied by Rome.GB76848. Bronze , Apparently unpublished control variant; 224, 175, 269, 63 (only ayin, bet & het listed), aVF, green , scratches, potentially active corrosion (appears stabilized), 4.303 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 90o, mint, c. 310 - 290 B.C.; of Tanit-Kore left wearing wreath of grain, wearing earring with one pendant, and pendant necklace, dot ; horse standing right with all four hooves on line, long on far side of horse at center, Punic control letter alef right, dot ; $95.00 (€83.60)
, , , Early 3rd Century B.C.
Agathocles, the tyrant of , died in 289 B.C. He the Syracusan democracy on his death bed, stating that he did not want his sons to succeed him as . The following year, some of his disbanded mercenaries, calling themselves (Sons of ), seized Messana in northeast . The city became a base from which they ravaged the Sicilian countryside. was weakened by his loss and began a renewal of their power in .GB76852. Bronze AE 17, 94, 22, 1674 (S), 315, III 8486, 126, 6530, -, F, , green , areas of corrosion, 3.626 g, maximum 16.6 mm, 90o, or uncertain Sicilian mint, early 3rd century B.C.; date tree with two bunches of hanging fruit, no , or ; unbridled horse standing right, turned back looking left, no , or ; ; $90.00 (€79.20)
Siculo-Punic, Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.
Before it was incoporated within the Persian Empire in the 370s B.C., Tyre was the economic and political hub of the Phoenician world. Supremacy passed to , and then to , before Tyre's destruction by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. Each colony paid tribute to either Tyre or , but neither had actual control. The Carthaginians, however, appointed their own magistrates to rule the towns and took much direct control. This policy would result in a number of Iberian towns siding with the Romans during the Punic Wars.GB65641. Bronze half unit, 126, 96 ff. (=SNG Cop I 1022 ff.), 1626 ff., 897, 15, aVF, rough, nice green , 5.015 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 270o, or Sicilian mint, late 4th - early 3rd century B.C.; male left, wreathed in grain, wearing hoop earring; free horse prancing right, short below rear hooves, linear ; $75.00 (€66.00)
, , 201 - 175 B.C.
In 195, a Spanish revolt against Roman consolidation of the ex-Carthaginian colonies was put down by Porcius Cato ("the Censor"). He avoided one defeat by paying the Celtiberians 200 talents (around 120,000 ), a much-criticised tactic. On Cato's return to Rome, Aemilius Paulus succeeded him as Roman governor in Spain.GB73373. Bronze trishekel, 409 ff. (various ), aF, porous, flaw, 17.254 g, maximum 27.9 mm, 0o, mint, 201 - 175 B.C.; of Tanit left, wreathed in grain; horse striding right, Punic letter(?) below; large 28mm bronze; $70.00 (€61.60)
, , , c. 200 - 146 B.C.
At its height, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Continual war with the Sicilian Greeks, and then Rome, ended with the destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire population of the city in 146 B.C.GI90317. Bronze trishekel, 63g; 244; 412; MAA 105i, F, 18.051 g, maximum 27.4 mm, 315o, mint, c. 200 - 146 B.C.; of Tanit left, long hair, wreathed in grain, earring with one pendant; horse striding right, Punic letter bet above pellet below; ex Frascatius ; ; $65.00 (€57.20)
Sardinia, Punic Rule, 241 - 238 B.C.
After the Roman fleet decisively defeated the Carthaginian fleet in 241 B.C., ending the First Punic War, was forced to agree to abandon all claims on , to refrain from sailing warships in Italian waters, and to pay an indemnity of 3,200 talents. In 238 B.C., Rome declared war on demanding control of Sardinia. To avoid war, abandoned Sardinia.
GB65898. Bronze AE 19, I 1106; VII 252; 645 - 646, F, pitted, crude , 3.748 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 225o, Sardinian mint, c. 264 - 241 B.C.; of Tanit wreathed in barley left; three barley stalks, pellet in crescent with horns downward above; $50.00 (€44.00)
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