Nabataean Kingdom, Syllaeus and Aretas IV, 9 B.C.
Aretas IV was probably the son of Obodas III, but this is not certain. Syllaeus was chief minister for Obodas III and initially shared rule with Aretas after Obodas death. But the rulers of served under the authority of Rome and Rome, begrudging Syllaeus as an enemy, did not approve. In 24 B.C. Syllaeus had betrayed Rome causing the near massacre of a Roman army sent into . Syllaeus was called to the court at Rome, where in 6 B.C. he was convicted of treason and Obodas' murder. He was beheaded and his body was pitched from the Tarpeian Rock.SH12877. Silver 1/4
or , , Sup. 4; and ,"Nabataean Coinage III", NumChron 1994, pl. 10, VF, 1.069 g, maximum 12.0 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 9 B.C.; diademed of Obodas II, Syllaes' Aramaic (shin) behind; S (shin = Syllaeus) and H (heth = Aretas) in ; very ; SOLD
Nabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D.
Possibly struck in the year of Christ's birth! Jesus was born sometime between 6 B.C. and 4 B.C. Matthew describes Herod as the ruler during the time of the Nativity, and Herod died in 4 B.C. Later, in order to kill Jesus and eliminate him as a rival , Herod ordered the "Massacre of the Innocents" - the killing of all male children in Bethlehem aged two years and under. This means that Jesus may have been up to two years old already by that time, and this also sets the Nativity between 6 and 4 B.C.SH51930. Silver
, 57, 65 var. (numeral date), 973 var. (same), VF, flat strike areas, 4.293 g, maximum 16.6 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 4 - 3 B.C.; Nabataean , "Aretas, of the Nabataeans, lover of his people", laureate and draped of Aretas IV right, with long hair; Nabataean , "Huldu, queen of the Nabataeans, year six" (year spelled out), veiled of Huldu right, flanked by Nabataean O (ayin) right and H (heth) left across lower ; very with year six spelled out vice the Nabataean numeral; SOLD
Nabataean Kingdom, Obodas II, 30 - 9 B.C.
Obodas' reign was an era of cultural flowering for the Nabatean kingdom. Most of its temples were built during his reign, including the temple at Avdat. During his rule the Romans attempted to discover the sources of the perfume and spice trade.SH43432. Silver
, cf. 55; 23; Sup. 3 (Obodas III); p. 4, 2 - 3 (same); 965 (same), gVF, flat strike areas, 4.462 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 19 - 10 B.C.; diademed busts of Obodas and Hagaru right; Nabataean letter heth behind; Nabatean : "Obodas, of Nabataea", laureate of Obodas right, Nabataean letter heth and date behind (off ); SOLD
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