Nabataean Kingdom, Syllaeus and Aretas IV, 9 B.C.
Syllaeus was chief minister for Obodas III and he briefly shared rule of with Aretas IV after Obodas death. But Syllaeus had a powerful enemy. In 24 B.C. Syllaeus had betrayed Rome causing almost the destruction of an army sent into . Syllaeus was twice called to the court at Rome, where in 6 B.C. he was convicted of treason and Obodas' murder. He was beheaded and his body was pitched from the Tarpeian Rock. GB57580. Bronze AE 16, cf. 43A, 25 ff. (shin left, O between horns), 1426, VF, nice , 3.341 g, maximum 16.2 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 9 B.C.; laureate of Aretas right, Aramaic shin behind(?); crossed cornucopias, Aramaic ayin left, shin (Syllaeus) between horns, het (Aretas) right; $135.00 (Ä118.80)
Nabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II and Shuqailat, 70 - 76 A.D.
Shuqailat, Rabbel's mother, likely ruled until her death in his sixth regnal year. Rabbel was a child and during this period he was called "Rabbel, of the Nabataeans." Later he was titled "Rabbel the , of the Nabataeans." This may seem a slight change, but it was significant to the Nabataeans. He was later given the appellation, "who resuscitated and saved his people."GS67115. Silver , 142 - H12 (various years), aF, 3.366 g, maximum 12.3 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 70 - 76 A.D.; Aramaic , "Rabbel, of the Nabataeans, year..." (date off ), laureate and draped of Rabbel II with long hair; Aramaic , "Shuqailat, his mother, queen of the Nabataeans", laureate, draped and veiled of Shuqailat right; ; $70.00 (Ä61.60)
Nabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II, 70 - 106 A.D.
Rabbel II was known as "He who gives life and salvation to his people," a title perhaps earned subjugating Arab tribes. The Nabataean Kingdom ended when created Provincia in 106 A.D. Gamilath was Rabbel's sister and wife; however, "Sister" may have been an honorary title. Rabbel spent much time in in Nabataean .GB76633. Bronze AE 16, 163, 1450, 3, 5706, VF, smaller than the dies, 2.367 g, maximum 16.3 mm, Petra mint, c. 76 - 102 A.D.; laureate busts of Rabbel II and Gamilath, Rabbel II has long hair and ornament on the top of his ; two crossed cornucopias, Aramaic "Rabbel / Gamilath" in two lines between the horns; $36.00 (Ä31.68)
Nabataean Kingdom, Malichus II, 40 - 70 A.D.
In Malichus' time, Nabataean trade dwindled as the Romans diverted the perfume and spice cargos to . In 67 A.D. Malichus II sent an army of 5,000 horsemen and 1,000 soldiers to quash the Jewish revolt. Malichus lost control of but retained the territory to the east and southeast of the city.
The 140A variety does not have on the .GB76630. Bronze AE 18, 140A, 5703, 1444, 4, F, 3.127 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 40 - 70 A.D.; laureate and draped of Malichus II and Shuqailat II right; two cornucopias, crossed and filleted, Aramaic , "Malichus / Shuqai/lat" in two lines above and one below the cornucopias; ex (2004); $20.00 (Ä17.60)
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