God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.
Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), Satrap of Cilicia & Cappadocia, c. 384 - 360 B.C., Tarsus, Cilicia
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great King. Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.
SH70110. Silver stater, Casabonne series 1; Moysey issue 4; SNG BnF 248; SNG Cop 264; BMC Lycaonia p. 165, 18; SNG Levante -; SNGvA -, aVF, spotty toning, faint porosity, weight 10.220 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Tarsos mint, obverse female head facing slightly left, wearing earring and necklace; reverse Aramaic legend: TRDMW (Datames) on left, bearded and helmeted male head (Ares?) right, wearing crested Athenian helmet, O/T monogram right; ex CNG auction 269, lot 146; $490.00 (€367.50)
Persian Empire, Satrapy of Cilicia, Pharnabazos, c. 379 - 374 B.C.
Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria. The Persian Empire initially allowed tributary native kings to govern. The last king of Cilicia was dethroned after he sided in a civil war with Cyrus the Younger, who was defeated by Artaxerxes II. Cilicia became an ordinary satrapy. In 377, Pharnabazos, the satrap of Cilicia, was made commander of a Persian attempt to retake Egypt, which had rebelled and had defeated two previous attempts to retake it. Pharnabazos hired Greek mercenaries under the Athenian general Iphicrates but a dispute with Iphicrates resulted in failure of the expedition.
SH65291. Silver stater, SNGvA 5922, SNG BnF 247, SNG Cop 266, SNG Levante -, VF, rough, edge cut, underweight, weight 9.545 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 90o, Tarsos mint, c. 378 - 373 B.C.; obverse female head facing slightly left, wearing pendant earring and necklace; reverse helmeted and bearded head right (Ares?), Aramaic inscription FRNBZW KLK (Pharnabazos Cilicia) on left; $320.00 (€240.00)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
The as is a raredenomination for Septimius Severus.
SH66874. Copper as, RIC IV 683, BMCRE V 527A, Cohen 313 (4 Fr), VF, weight 11.298 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERTAVG IMPVIIII, laureate head right; reverseMARSPATER, Mars walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak over shoulder flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms in left over shoulder; very rare; $280.00 (€210.00)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
RIC lists this type as common, but that is certainly an error. This is the first example we have handled and there are very few examples online.
RS90472. Silver denarius, RSC III 166b, RIC IV 248 (C), BMCRE VI 803, SRCV II 7883, Choice VF, toned a few small coppery spots, weight 2.741 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 232 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed, bust right; reverseMARS VLTOR, Mars standing left, leaning on shield and holding spear; standard resting on his right arm; rare; $270.00 (€202.50)
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS70542. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, Vespasian 948 (C); RSC II 65; BMCRE II 221; BnF III 195; SRCV I -, Choice aVF, nice portrait, toned, well centered on a broad flan, weight 3.459 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head right; reverseCOS VI, Mars standing left, spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms in left; $220.00 (€165.00)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles GothicusMaximus and GermanicusMaximus.
SH62614. Silveredantoninianus, Alföldi Siscia V type 96, n° 79; RIC V 811 var (busttype), EF, sharp, near full silvering and centering, weight 3.665 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseVIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIVI in ex; $160.00 (€120.00)
Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.
On some coins of this type but with the normal MARTI VICTORIreverselegend, the final I is cramped. On at least one reverse die the final letter(s) of the reverselegend were erased and re-engraved to RI. Apparently a number of dies for this type were originally engraved ending in R, like our coin, but few coins were struck with them prior to discovery and correction.
RS68974. Silver denarius, Unlisted legend variant; cf. RSC III 76a (VICTORI), RIC IV 103 (same, draped only), BMCRE V 742 (same, but plate coin clearly draped & cuirassed), VF, well centered, weight 3.131 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare mint, 202 A.D.; obverse P SEPTIMIVS GETACAES, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseMARTIVICTOR (sic), Mars advancing right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left; rare variant; $160.00 (€120.00)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
In 77 A.D., Pliny the Elder published the first ten books of Naturalis Historia.
RS70132. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 937; RSC II 125; BMCRE II 200; BnF III 177; SRCV I 2288, aVF, superb portrait, toned, weight 3.379 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180-o, Rome mint, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESARVESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse COS VIII, Mars standing left, nude but for helmet and chlamys, spear in right hand, trophy in left; $155.00 (€116.25)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars represented military power as a way to secure peace, and was a father (pater) of the Roman people. The stalk of grain may refer to Mars' roll as an agricultural guardian.
RS90448. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 939 (R); RSC II 129; BnF III 179; BMCRE II 203, SRCV I -, VF, luster, well centered, weight 3.354 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESARVESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse COS VIII, Mars standing left, nude but for helmet and chlamys, spear in right hand, trophy in left, grain ear on right; ex Heritage CICF World and Ancients Signature Auction 3032, part of lot 30530; rare; $150.00 (€112.50)
Roman Republic, L. Valerius Flaccus, 108 - 107 B.C.
Mars and the apex recall that the moneyer's father held the office of Flamen Martialis. Crawford concludes the office of moneyer may have been consider a career substitute for aedileship and the grain on the reverse advertises the moneyer would have distributed grain had he been elected Aedile. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR90734. Silver denarius, SRCV I 183, Sydenham 565, Crawford 306/1, RSC I Valeria 11, VF, centered, toned, weak centers, weight 3.834 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse winged and draped bust of Victory right, X below chin; reverse LVALERI / FLACCI (downward on left), Mars walking left, spear in right hand, trophy in left over shoulder, apex left, head of grain behind; $150.00 (€112.50)