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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Olympians ▸ Ares or MarsView Options:  |  |  |   

Ares or Mars

God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.


Roman Republic, Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus, 103 B.C.

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The reverse refers to the moneyer's ancestor, Q. Minucius Q. f. L. n. Thermus, consul in 193 B.C., who distinguished himself by his bravery against the Ligurians.
RR75242. Silver denarius, SRCV I 197, Sydenham 592, Crawford 319/1, RSC I Minucia 19, BMCRR Italy 653, Choice VF, attractive style, nice toning, well centered, weight 3.928 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 15o, Rome mint, 103 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Mars left; reverse Roman soldier fighting a barbarian, fallen soldier in center below, each holding a sword and shield, QTERMMF in exergue; $350.00 (304.50)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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The as is a rare denomination for Septimius Severus.
SH66874. Copper as, RIC IV 683, BMCRE V 527A, Cohen IV 313 (4 Fr), VF, weight 11.298 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, laureate head right; reverse MARS PATER, Mars walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak over shoulder flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms in left over shoulder; very rare; $280.00 (243.60)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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RIC lists this type as common, but that is certainly an error. This is the first example we have handled and there are very few examples online.
RS90472. Silver denarius, RSC III 166b, RIC IV 248 (C), BMCRE VI 803, SRCV II 7883, Choice VF, toned a few small coppery spots, weight 2.741 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 232 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed, bust right; reverse MARS VLTOR, Mars standing left, leaning on shield and holding spear; standard resting on his right arm; rare; $270.00 (234.90)


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.

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Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS70542. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, Vespasian 948 (C); RSC II 65; BMCRE II Vespasian 221; BnF III Vespasian 195; SRCV I -, Choice aVF, nice portrait, toned, well centered on a broad flan, weight 3.459 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head right; reverse COS VI, Mars standing left, nude but for crested helmet and cloak behind in belt at waist, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms in left; $195.00 (169.65)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, 241 - 235 B.C.

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In 235 B.C. in Rome, the consul Titus Manlius Torquatus presided over the first ever closing of the gates of the Temple of Janus, signifying peace.
RR72276. Bronze litra, Crawford 25/3, Sydenham 26, BMCRR Romano-Campanian 64, HN Italy 299, SNG Cop 204, F, rough, tight flan, weight 2.789 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 45o, Rome(?) mint, 241 - 235 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of beardless Mars right; reverse bridled horse's head right, sickle behind, ROMA below; scarce; $180.00 (156.60)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to Mars Propugnator, Mars the Champion or Defender.
RB73010. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 332a (S), Hunter III 148, Cohen V 157, SRCV III 8718, VF, superb portrait, edge chip on reverse, weight 18.308 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 243 - 244 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARS PROPVGNAT, Mars advancing right, wearing military garb, transverse spear in right hand, shield in left, S - C flanking low in field; scarce; $165.00 (143.55)


Sillyon, Pamphylia, 3rd Century B.C.

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Sillyon was a relatively unimportant city but a significant fortress. According to one legend, it was founded as a colony from Argos; another holds that it was founded, along with Side and Aspendos, by the seers Mopsos, Calchas and Amphilochus after the Trojan War. Sillyon is first mentioned in c. 500 BC by Pseudo-Scylax. From 469 B.C., it became part of the Athenian-led Delian League. It is mentioned in the Athenian tribute lists from c. 450 B.C. and again in 425 B.C., and then disappears again from the historical record until 333 B.C., when Alexander the Great unsuccessfully besieged it. It was well-fortified and had a strong garrison of mercenaries and "native barbarians," so Alexander, pressed for time, abandoned the siege after the first attempt at storming it failed. The city was extensively rebuilt under the Seleucids, especially its theater. Later, when most of western Asia Minor was subject to the Kingdom of Pergamon, Sillyon remained a free city by a decision of the Roman Senate.
GB73951. Bronze AE 16, BMC Lycia p. 165, 1; Lindgren-Kovacs 1178; SNG BnF 952; SNGvA 4567 var (star over thunderbolt left), SNG Cop -, VF, weight 2.745 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, Sillyon mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse bearded head of Ares right, wearing crested helmet; reverse ΣEΛYNIYΣ, Apollo(?) standing left, nude, right hand extended, rolled chlamys in left, thunderbolt in left field; rare; $165.00 (143.55)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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In 191 A.D., King Vologases IV of Parthia died after a 44-year reign and was succeeded by his son Vologases V.
SL74041. Silver denarius, RIC III 257, RSC II 346, Hunter II 66, BMCRE IV 351, MIR 18 824-4/30, SRCV II 5658, NGC Ch F, strike 4/5, surface 2/2, (4161268-021), weight 2.80 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, Rome mint, 191 A.D.; obverse L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right; reverse MARTI VLTORI AVG, Mars standing right, wearing military garb, inverted spear behind in right hand, left hand on grounded shield at left side; ex Wayne C. Philips; $145.00 (126.15)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
SH62614. Silvered antoninianus, Alfldi Siscia V type 96, n 79; RIC V 811 var (bust type), EF, sharp, near full silvering and centering, weight 3.665 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIVI in ex; $140.00 (121.80)


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

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On some coins of this type but with the normal MARTI VICTORI reverse legend, the final I is cramped. On at least one reverse die the final letter(s) of the reverse legend were erased and re-engraved to RI. Apparently a number of dies for this type were originally engraved ending in R, like our coin, but few coins were struck with them prior to discovery and correction.
RS68974. Silver denarius, Unlisted legend variant; cf. RSC III 76a (VICTORI), RIC IV 103 (same, draped only), BMCRE V 742 (same, but pl. coin clearly draped & cuirassed), VF, well centered, weight 3.131 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare mint, 202 A.D.; obverse P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARTI VICTOR (sic), Mars advancing right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left; rare variant; $140.00 (121.80)




  



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Ares or Mars