Romano-British Empire, , Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
The and legends and types are known from the mint with III in the ( 88 (R2), Web 114). This variety, perhaps unofficial, is unpublished in the many references examined by . We also could not find an example online. This is the only example known to .RA73474. , Apparently unpublished; -; -; -; -; -; -; -; -, VF, nice green , attractive , parts of legends weak, slightly off center, some marks, small encrustations, 2.547 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 0o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) or unofficial mint, c. 290 - summer 293 A.D.; IMP CARAVSIVS , , draped, and right; [ ] VICTO[R?], walking right, transverse spear in right hand, of captured arms across left shoulder in left hand, [M?]CXX in ; from the Charles Peters Collection; possibly unique!; $300.00 (€267.00)
Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), of & , c. 384 - 362 B.C., Tarsus,
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great . Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.GS84906. Silver , 25; 278; 81; series 1, pl. 3, 22, aEF, , tiny edge splits, 0.611 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 45o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 378 - 372 B.C.; female right (Aphrodite?), wearing earring, necklace, and diadem; Aramaic right, helmeted male (Ares?) right; ex Numismatics e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 231; $210.00 (€186.90)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
The as is a for .SH66874. Copper as, 683, 527A, 313 (4 Fr), VF, 11.298 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, mint, 194 A.D.; L SEPT SEV IIII, laureate right; , walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak over shoulder flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, of captured arms in left over shoulder; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
On 8 October 314, at the Battle of Cibalae, Constantine defeated Licinius near Cibalae (modern Vinkovci, Croatia). Licinius was forced to flee to and lost all of the Balkans except for . The two initiated peace negotiations, but they failed and they would not make peace until 1 March 317.RL76327. , Unlisted variety of a very ; Ticinum 4 (R4) var. ( ), 15258 var. (same), 139, -, VF, , light contact marks and corrosion, 3.147 g, maximum 21.5 mm, 180o, 1st , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 313 A.D.; IMP LICINIVS , laureate, draped, and right, from front; , standing right, helmeted, in military dress, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded , PT in ; $155.00 (€137.95)
Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 63 B.C.
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of . The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the after the fall of . In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the coast of Turkey.GB77170. Bronze AE 20, 153; 1162 ( ); Stancomb 680 var. (same); p. 17, 48 ff. var. (same); SNG 64 var. (same); 241, VF, , adjustment marks, 7.960 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 63 B.C.; of Ares right in crested helmet; sword in sheath with strap to right, AMI−ΣOY divided across , within crescent with horns up upper left, upper right, lower left and lower right; $135.00 (€120.15)
Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 63 B.C.
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of . The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the after the fall of . In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the coast of Turkey.GB77171. Bronze AE 19, 1161; 64; p. 17, 48; 679 var. ( ); 154 ff. var. (same); 3643; 241, VF, , coarse green , 8.417 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 63 B.C.; of Ares right in crested helmet; sword in sheath with strap, AMI−ΣOY divided across , within crescent with horns up upper left, IB upper right, lower left and right; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of and , the legendary founders of . In early , he was second in importance only to , and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin ), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.RB84425. , 992, 1385, 18 206, 127, 4966, aF, nice portrait, , 28.977 g, maximum 32.6 mm, 180o, mint, 171 A.D.; M ANTONINVS XXV, laureate right; (consul 3 times), advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, spear in right hand, across left shoulder in left hand, ( ) flanking his knees; $130.00 (€115.70)
Roman Republic, L. Julius L.F. , 103 B.C.
The "heads" side of coin (and most but not all examples of this ) was struck with a hand-held ( ) die and the "tails" side was struck with an anvil ( ) die. It could be described with the heads side as the . refers to the mythical descent of the Julius from Iulus, the grandson of and , and the founder of Longa. notes the control mark letter on the and of this invariably match.RR85232. Silver , 198, 593, 320/1, 4, 1175, aVF, banker's mark on , flaw on , bumps, scratches, 3.811 g, maximum 16.7 mm, 180o, mint, 103 B.C.; helmeted of left, R• (control mark) above, upwards behind; in a pulled by cupids, holding in right hand, reins in left hand, R• (control mark) above, below left, L· ·L·F in ; $130.00 (€115.70)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.RB78076. , 152, 146, 37, , VF, centered on a crowding off the top half of the and most of the , double struck, light marks and corrosion, 10.207 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 0o, 1st , mint, 8th emission, 248 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; V P P, standing left in military garb, raising olive branch in right hand, right hand on grounded , inverted spear leaning on left shoulder, ( ) flanking across ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
was a specific virtue in ancient . It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn , even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of and was personified as the deity .RL84026. , , 2, 816; 12071 var. (...P F AVG); 894; -, EF, full , full circles centering, some flatly struck areas, 3.888 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 180o, 5th , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, emmision 5, 278 A.D.; IMP C PROBVS P AVG, left in consular robe, eagle-tipped in right hand; (the valor of Emperor ), walking right, helmeted, nude but for cloak tied in belt at waist and flying behind, transverse spear upward right in right hand, of captured arms over left shoulder in left hand, XXIV in ; $125.00 (€111.25)
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