God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.
Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
Struck in 69 A.D., the Year of the Four Emperors. Vitellius invoked Mars for support against Otho after, according to Tacitus, he was brought the sword of Julius Caesar taken from the temple Mars, signifying he had been elected emperor by the consent of both armies of Germany.
SH70625. Copper as, RIC I 40, BMCRE I 99, Cohen 25, BnF III 16, VF, weight 11.606 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 225o, Tarraco(?) mint, Jan - Jun 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head left, globe at point of bust; reverse CONSENSVS EXERCITVVM (with the consent of the Army), Mars advancing left, nude but for cloak, spear in right hand, aquila with vexillum in left, S - C across field; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 3 (30 Nov 2013), lot 509; scarce; $630.00 SALE PRICE $567.00 ON RESERVE
Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), Satrap of Cilicia & Cappadocia, c. 384 - 360 B.C., Tarsus, Cilicia
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great King. Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.
SH70110. Silver stater, Casabonne series 1; Moysey issue 4; SNG BnF 248; SNG Cop 264; BMC Lycaonia p. 165, 18; SNG Levante -; SNGvA -, aVF, spotty toning, faint porosity, weight 10.220 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Tarsos mint, obverse female head facing slightly left, wearing earring and necklace; reverse Aramaic legend: TRDMW (Datames) on left, bearded and helmeted male head (Ares?) right, wearing crested Athenian helmet, O/T monogram right; ex CNG auction 269, lot 146; $490.00 SALE PRICE $441.00
Persian Empire, Satrapy of Cilicia, Pharnabazos, c. 379 - 374 B.C.
Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria. The Persian Empire initially allowed tributary native kings to govern. The last king of Cilicia was dethroned after he sided in a civil war with Cyrus the Younger, who was defeated by Artaxerxes II. Cilicia became an ordinary satrapy. In 377, Pharnabazos, the satrap of Cilicia, was made commander of a Persian attempt to retake Egypt, which had rebelled and had defeated two previous attempts to retake it. Pharnabazos hired Greek mercenaries under the Athenian general Iphicrates but a dispute with Iphicrates resulted in failure of the expedition.
SH65291. Silver stater, SNGvA 5922, SNG BnF 247, SNG Cop 266, SNG Levante -, VF, rough, edge cut, underweight, weight 9.545 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 90o, Tarsos mint, c. 378 - 373 B.C.; obverse female head facing slightly left, wearing pendant earring and necklace; reverse helmeted and bearded head right (Ares?), Aramaic inscription FRNBZW KLK (Pharnabazos Cilicia) on left; $320.00 SALE PRICE $288.00
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
The as is a raredenomination for Septimius Severus.
SH66874. Copper as, RIC IV 683, BMCRE V 527A, Cohen 313 (4 Fr), VF, weight 11.298 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERTAVG IMPVIIII, laureate head right; reverseMARSPATER, Mars walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak over shoulder flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms in left over shoulder; very rare; $320.00 SALE PRICE $288.00
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
RIC lists this type as common, but that is certainly an error. This is the first example we have handled and there are very few examples online.
RS90472. Silver denarius, RSC III 166b, RIC IV 248 (C), BMCRE VI 803, SRCV II 7883, Choice VF, toned a few small coppery spots, weight 2.741 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 232 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed, bust right; reverseMARS VLTOR, Mars standing left, leaning on shield and holding spear; standard resting on his right arm; ; rare; $275.00 SALE PRICE $248.00
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS70542. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, Vespasian 948 (C); RSC II 65; BMCRE II 221; BnF III 195; SRCV I -, Choice aVF, nice portrait, toned, well centered on a broad flan, weight 3.459 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head right; reverseCOS VI, Mars standing left, spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms in left; $220.00 SALE PRICE $198.00
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles GothicusMaximus and GermanicusMaximus.
SH62614. Silveredantoninianus, Alföldi Siscia V type 96, n° 79; RIC V 811 var (busttype), EF, weight 3.665 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseVIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIS in ex; sharp, near full silvering and centering; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.
On some coins of this type but with the normal MARTI VICTORIreverselegend, the final I is cramped. On at least one reverse die the final letter(s) of the reverselegend were erased and re-engraved to RI. Apparently a number of dies for this type were originally engraved ending in R, like our coin, but few coins were struck with them prior to discovery and correction.
RS68974. Silver denarius, Unlisted legend variant; cf. RSC III 76a (VICTORI), RIC IV 103 (same, draped only), BMCRE V 742 (same, but plate coin clearly draped & cuirassed), VF, well centered, weight 3.131 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare mint, 202 A.D.; obverse P SEPTIMIVS GETACAES, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseMARTIVICTOR (sic), Mars advancing right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left; rare variant; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
In 160 A.D., manufacture of soap containing grease, lime and ashes began in Rome.
RB57159. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III A. Pius 1352, F, weight 21.908 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 159 - 160 A.D.; obverse AVRELIVS CAES AVG PII F, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseTR POT XIIII COS II, Mars advancing right, spear transverse in right, trophy in left over shoulder; rare; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00
The Mamertini, Sicily, c. 288 - 278 B.C.
Mamertini or "children of Mars," was the name taken by a band of Campanian (or Samnite) freebooters who about 289 B.C. seized the Greek colony of Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it (Polyb. 1. 7. 2). - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
GB67344. Bronze pentonkion, Calciati I p. 93, 3/1; SNG ANS 402; BMC Sicily p. 109, 3; SNG Cop 434 var (on reverse Φ left), gF, some corrosion and pitting, weight 16.288 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 270o, Messana mint, c. 288 - 278 B.C.; obverse APEΣ, laureate head of Ares right, Macedonian helmet behind; reverse MAMEPTINΩN, eagle standing left on a thunderbolt, head left, wings open; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00