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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Olympians ▸ Ares or MarsView Options:  |  |  |   

Ares or Mars

God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.


Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.

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This type with this obverse legend arrangement is apparently unpublished. The normal obverse legend arrangement is A VITELLLIVS IMP upward on left and GERMANICVS downward on right. Another variation has this legend break but the obverse legend ends with GERMAN. The arrangement on this coin does not leave enough room for either the final S or the globe at the point of the bust and they appear to be merged. This variation is likely an engraving error for one or the other normal types.
RS72989. Silver denarius, RIC I 6 (R) var. (obv. leg. break), RSC II 26a, BMCRE I 85 var. (same), BnF III 8 var. (GERMAN), Hunter I 53 var. (same), SRCV I 2190 var. (same), VF, toned, porous, a few marks, insignificant flan cracks, weight 3.325 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Tarraco mint, c. Jan - Jul 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVS - IMP GERMANICVS, laureate head left, small globe at point of bust; reverse CONSENSVS EXERCITVVM, Mars advancing left, nude but for crested helmet and cloak tied in belt at waist and flying behind, spear in right, aquila with vexillum in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, an unpublished variant of a rare type, this is the only example known to Forum; $1080.00 (961.20)


Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.

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RS72966. Silver denarius, Unpublished; cf. RIC I 64 (aureus), F, centered on tight flan, porous, extensive but mostly light corrosion, weight 2.969 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Gaul, Lugdunum mint, Mar - July 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVS GER IMP AVG P MAX TR P, laureate head right, globe at point of bust; reverse CONSENSVS EXERCITVVM, Mars advancing left, nude but for crested helmet and cloak tied in belt flying behind, spear in right, aquila with vexillum in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely rare, this is the only example known to Forum and to experts consulted, unique(?), these legends and types known only as an aureus (RIC 64); $450.00 (400.50)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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"Mars the Pacifier" with his olive branch may be seen as ironic today, but the Romans knew that victory in war (hopefully including the total destruction of your enemy) is an effective way to achieve peace.
SH79608. Silver denarius, RSC III 420a; RIC IV 80b; BMCRE V p. 251, 478; Hunter III 26; SRCV II 6858, Choice EF, fantastic style on both obverse and reverse, laurel at highest point of bust a little weak, weight 3.614 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 205 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, youths laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PONTIF TR P VIII COS II, Mars standing left, wearing crested helmet, nude but for cloak draped over left arm, right foot on helmet, olive-branch in extended right hand, reversed spear in left hand; $350.00 (311.50)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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The as is a rare denomination for Septimius Severus.
SH66874. Copper as, RIC IV 683, BMCRE V 527A, Cohen IV 313 (4 Fr), VF, weight 11.298 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII, laureate head right; reverse MARS PATER, Mars walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak over shoulder flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms in left over shoulder; very rare; $225.00 (200.25)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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RIC lists this type as common, but that is certainly an error. This is the first example we have handled and there are very few examples online.
RS90472. Silver denarius, RSC III 166b, RIC IV 248 (C), BMCRE VI 803, SRCV II 7883, Choice VF, toned a few small coppery spots, weight 2.741 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 232 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed, bust right; reverse MARS VLTOR, Mars standing left, leaning on shield and holding spear; standard resting on his right arm; rare; $215.00 (191.35)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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On 8 October 314, at the Battle of Cibalae, Constantine defeated Licinius near Colonia Aurelia Cibalae (modern Vinkovci, Croatia). Licinius was forced to flee to Sirmium, and lost all of the Balkans except for Thrace. The two Augusti initiated peace negotiations, but they failed and they would not make peace until 1 March 317.
RL76327. Billon follis, Unlisted bust variety of a very rare type; RIC VII Ticinum 4 (R4) var. (head), SRCV IV 15258 var. (same), Cohen VII 139, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, light contact marks and corrosion, weight 3.147 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars standing right, helmeted, in military dress, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, PT in exergue; $200.00 (178.00)


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.

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Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS70542. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, Vespasian 948 (C); RSC II 65; BMCRE II Vespasian 221; BnF III Vespasian 195; SRCV I -, Choice aVF, nice portrait, toned, well centered on a broad flan, weight 3.459 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head right; reverse COS VI, Mars standing left, nude but for crested helmet and cloak behind in belt at waist, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms in left; $175.00 (155.75)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D., Struck by Aureolus

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This coin was struck in the name of Postumus by Aureolus (one of the so-called Thirty Tyrants) while Gallienus held him under siege in Milan. Ancient sources which refer to Aureolus are limited and contradictory. He may have made his own bid for the Purple after Gallienus was murdered and Postumus failed to take advantage of the turmoil in Italy. The new emperor Claudius soon brought his rebellion to an end.
RA76384. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 388, RSC IV 441, Mairat 222 - 227, Schulzki AGK 111b, Elmer 614, Cunetio 2485 - 2488, SRCV III 11001, gVF, attractive portrait, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.560 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 3rd emission, mid 268 A.D.; obverse IMP POSTVMVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EQVIT, Virtus (or Mars) walking right, wearing helmet and military garb, cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right, shield in left, T in exergue (off flan); from the Scott Collection; $170.00 (151.30)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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In 231, Severus Alexander accompanied his mother Julia Mamaea to Syria and campaigned against the Persians. Military command rested in the hands of his generals, but his presence gave additional weight to the empire's policy. The Romans were defeated and withdrew to Syria. After heavy losses on both sides, a truce was signed accepting the status quo. In 233, Alexander celebrated a triumph in Rome to commemorate his "victory."
RS76560. Silver denarius, RSC III 161c, BMCRE VI 837, RIC IV 246, SRCV 7882, Choice EF, mint luster, nice style, full circles strike on a broad flan, light contact marks, edge cracks, weight 3.444 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, seen from the front; reverse MARS VLTOR, Mars walking right in military garb, spear in right hand, shield in left; $160.00 (142.40)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 63 B.C.

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Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB77170. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 153; SNG BM 1162 corr. (monograms); Stancomb 680 var. (monogram); BMC Pontus p. 17, 48 ff. var. (monograms); SNG SNGvA 64 var. (same), VF, tight flan, flan adjustment marks, weight 7.960 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 63 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap to right, AMI−ΣOY divided across field, star within crescent with horns up upper left, monograms upper right, lower left and lower right; $150.00 (133.50)




  



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Ares or Mars