Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), of & , c. 384 - 360 B.C., Tarsus,
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great . Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.SH70110. Silver , series 1; issue 4; 248; 264; p. 165, 18; -; -, aVF, spotty , faint , 10.220 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 225o, Tarsos mint, female facing slightly left, wearing earring and necklace; Aramaic : TRDMW (Datames) on left, bearded and helmeted male (Ares?) right, wearing crested Athenian helmet, O/T right; ex CNG auction 269, lot 146; $350.00 (€304.50)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
The as is a for .SH66874. Copper as, 683, 527A, 313 (4 Fr), VF, 11.298 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; L SEPT SEV , laureate right; , walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak over shoulder flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, of captured arms in left over shoulder; very ; $280.00 (€243.60)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
RIC lists this as common, but that is certainly an error. This is the first example we have handled and there are very few examples online.RS90472. Silver , 166b, 248 (C), 803, 7883, VF, a few small coppery spots, 2.741 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 232 A.D.; IMP ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate, draped, , right; , standing left, leaning on and holding spear; resting on his right arm; ; $270.00 (€234.90)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of and , the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin ), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.RS70542. Silver , , 1, 948 (C); 65; 221; 195; -, aVF, nice portrait, , on a broad , 3.459 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 77 - 78 A.D.; T IMP , laureate right; , standing left, nude but for crested helmet and cloak behind in belt at waist, transverse spear in right hand, of captured arms in left; $195.00 (€169.65)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, 241 - 235 B.C.
In 235 B.C. in Rome, the consul Manlius Torquatus presided over the first ever closing of the gates of the Temple of , signifying peace. RR72276. Bronze , 25/3, 26, Romano-Campanian 64, 299, 204, F, rough, , 2.789 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 45o, Rome(?) mint, 241 - 235 B.C.; helmeted of beardless right; bridled horse's right, sickle behind, below; ; $180.00 (€156.60)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
In 164, the governor of , Avidius Cassius, one of Verus' generals, crossed the Euphrates and invaded . He completely destroyed Seleucia on the . He captured Ctesiphon, but it was returned to after the end of the war. When the army returned from they brought back a pandemic known as the Antonine Plague, which significantly depopulated the Roman Empire.RS90723. Silver , 4919, 92, 469, 264, aEF, nice portrait, on a , struck with a worn die, 3.548 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, Dec 163 - Dec 164 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS, laureate right; XVIII , standing right, helmeted, in military dress, inverted spear in right hand, left rests on grounded at left (far) side; $170.00 (€147.90)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
The dedicates this coin to Propugnator, the Champion or Defender.RB73010. , 332a (S), 148, 157, 8718, VF, portrait, edge chip on , 18.308 g, maximum 29.2 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 243 - 244 A.D.; IMP GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped and right, from behind; , advancing right, wearing military garb, transverse spear in right hand, in left, flanking low in ; ; $165.00 (€143.55)
Sillyon, , 3rd Century B.C.
Sillyon was a relatively unimportant city but a significant fortress. According to one , it was founded as a colony from Argos; another holds that it was founded, along with Side and Aspendos, by the seers Mopsos, Calchas and Amphilochus after the Trojan War. Sillyon is first mentioned in c. 500 BC by Pseudo-Scylax. From 469 B.C., it became of the Athenian-led Delian League. It is mentioned in the Athenian tribute lists from c. 450 B.C. and again in 425 B.C., and then disappears again from the historical record until 333 B.C., when Alexander the Great unsuccessfully besieged it. It was well-fortified and had a strong garrison of mercenaries and "native barbarians," so Alexander, pressed for time, abandoned the siege after the first attempt at storming it failed. The city was extensively rebuilt under the Seleucids, especially its theater. Later, when most of western was subject to the Kingdom of , Sillyon remained a free city by a decision of the Roman Senate.GB73951. Bronze AE 16, p. 165, 1; 1178; 952; 4567 var ( over thunderbolt left), -, VF, 2.745 g, maximum 15.7 mm, 0o, Sillyon mint, 3rd century B.C.; bearded of Ares right, wearing crested helmet; ΣEΛYNIYΣ, (?) standing left, nude, right hand extended, rolled in left, thunderbolt in left ; ; $165.00 (€143.55)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 278 A.D., defeated the , expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles and .SH62614. , V 96, n° 79; 811 var ( ), EF, , near full and centering, 3.665 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 180o, (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; IMP C PROBVS AVG, , draped and right, from behind; , walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, over shoulder in left, XXIVI ; $160.00 (€139.20)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
In 231, accompanied his mother to and campaigned against the Persians. Military command rested in the of his generals, but his presence gave additional to the empire's policy. The Romans were defeated and withdrew to . After heavy losses on both sides, a truce was signed accepting the status quo. In 233, Alexander celebrated a triumph in Rome to commemorate his "victory."SH73431. Silver , 161c, 837, 246, 7882, NGC XF, strike 5/5, surface 3/5 (2412821-034), 2.87 g, maximum 19.7 mm, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; IMP ALEXANDER AVG, laureate and draped right, seen from the front; , walking right in military garb, transverse spear in right hand, on left arm; ex Heritage auctions 231502 (8 Jan 2015), lot 62081; $155.00 (€134.85)
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