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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Cyprus PAGE 2/4«««1234»»»

Cyprus


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy X Alexander I, 110 - 109 B.C. and 107 - 88 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy X Alexander was the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. In 110 B.C., his mother deposed his brother Ptolemy IX and he became king with his mother as co-regent. In 109 B.C. Ptolemy IX took back the throne but in 107 B.C. Alexander again became king with his mother as co-regent. In 101 B.C. he had his mother killed, and then ruled either alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III. When he died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died, Ptolemy X's wife Berenice III took the throne for six months.
GP59586. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1680; SNG Cop 369; Noeske 322; BMC Ptolemies p. 113, 39 (Ptolemy XI); SNG Milan -, Hosking -, Malter -, VF, weight 13.954 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 95 - 94 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LK (year 20) left, ΠA right; $160.00 (€120.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), c. 116 - 110 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The date and reign of issue for this type are uncertain. Svoronos attributed it to Ptolemy IV but noted it may "belong to a later reign." Recent attributions span from Ptolemy VIII to Ptolemy X. Kreuzer suggests it is very similar to Svoronos 1426, from the Alexandria mint, with a cornucopia in place of the silphium plant.
GB65953. Bronze AE 20, Svoronos 1158 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 455 (2nd century B.C.); SNG Milan 447 (2nd century B.C.); Weiser -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, weight 8.320 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene mint, c. 116 - 110 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus Ammon right with ram's horn, wearing taenia and uraeus; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles with closed wings standing left on two thunderbolts, silphium plant in left field; rare; $160.00 (€120.00)

Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Cyprus
Click for a larger photo Immediately after Hadrian's death, Antoninus requested Marcus annul his betrothal to Ceionia Fabia to marry his daughter, Faustina. Marcus consented. Faustina's betrothal to Ceionia's brother Lucius Commodus was also annulled.
RP64090. Bronze provincial dupondius, cf. BMC Cyprus p. 84, 44 ff., SNG Cop 87, RPC online 5042, Fair, weight 26.793 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 150o, Cyprus mint, obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC CEB EV, laureate head of Antoninus Pius right; reverse M AYPHΛIOC KAI−[ΣAP YIO]C CEBAC, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Marcus Aurelius Caesar right; big 32mm bronze; scarce; $155.00 (€116.25)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, 80 - 58 B.C. and 55 - 51 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 80 B.C., Ptolemy XI was removed from the throne by the Egyptian people after he killed his coregent and step-mother Berenice III. Since he had no male heir, the oldest (illegitimate) son of Ptolemy IX was made King Ptolemy XII. Ptolemy XI had left the throne to Rome in his will, but Rome did not challenge Ptolemy XII's succession because the Senate did not want an Egyptian expansion. Deposed by his own subjects in 58 B.C., he regained his throne with Roman assistance. His daughter, Cleopatra VII, was the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt.
GP59585. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1856 (Cleopatra VII); SNG Cop 382; Noeske 335 - 336; BMC Ptolemies p. 118, 15; Hosking -; SNG Milan -, gVF, tight flan, weight 13.967 g, maximum diameter 25.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 64 - 63 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LIH (year 18 left), ΠA right; $150.00 (€112.50)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, 80 - 58 B.C. and 55 - 51 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 80 B.C., Ptolemy XI was removed from the throne by the Egyptian people after he killed his coregent and step-mother Berenice III. Since he had no male heir, the oldest (illegitimate) son of Ptolemy IX was made King Ptolemy XII. Ptolemy XI had left the throne to Rome in his will, but Rome did not challenge Ptolemy XII's succession because the Senate did not want an Egyptian expansion.
GP59535. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1856 (Cleopatra VII); SNG Cop 382; Noeske 335 - 336; BMC Ptolemies p. 118, 15; Hosking -; SNG Milan -, VF, flat strike, weight 13.817 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 64 - 63 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LIH (year 18 left), ΠA right; $140.00 (€105.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy X Alexander I, 110 - 109 B.C. and 107 - 88 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy X Alexander was the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. In 110 B.C., his mother deposed his brother Ptolemy IX and he became king with his mother as co-regent. In 109 B.C. Ptolemy IX took back the throne but in 107 B.C. Alexander again became king with his mother as co-regent. In 101 B.C. he had his mother killed, and then ruled either alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III. When he died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died, Ptolemy X's wife Berenice III took the throne for six months.
GP59536. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1680; SNG Cop 369; Noeske 322; BMC Ptolemies p. 113, 39 (Ptolemy XI); SNG Milan -, Hosking -, Malter -, aVF, tight flan, toned, weight 13.809 g, maximum diameter 23.62 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 95 - 94 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LK (year 20) left, ΠA right; $140.00 (€105.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, 80 - 58 B.C. and 55 - 51 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 80 B.C., Ptolemy XI was removed from the throne by the Egyptian people after he killed his coregent and step-mother Berenice III. Since he had no male heir, the oldest (illegitimate) son of Ptolemy IX was made King Ptolemy XII. Ptolemy XI had left the throne to Rome in his will, but Rome did not challenge Ptolemy XII's succession because the Senate did not want an Egyptian expansion.
GP59541. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1866 (Cleopatra VII); SNG Cop 390; Noeske 347 - 347; BMC Ptolemies p. 118, 15; Hosking -; SNG Milan -, VF, flat strike, weight 14.134 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 63 - 62 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LIΘ (year 19) left, ΠA right; $135.00 (€101.25)

Cyprus, Time of Augustus, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising sign. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority. Tiberius (born Nov. 13) was a Scorpio.
SH58097. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 3916; SNG Cop -, F, weight 2.666 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cypriot mint, obverse capricorn, star above; reverse scorpion, star above; $105.00 (€78.75)

Salamis, Cyprus, Evagorus II, c. 361 - 351 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Salamis was a maritime town on the east coast of Cyprus, at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus.
GB59141. Bronze AE 12, Unpublished; cf. SNG Cop 57 (horse left, symbols); Tziambazis 128 - 129 (both left, symbols), BMC Cyprus p. 60, 69 ff. (same); Bank of Cyprus -, F, weight 1.719 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis mint, c. 361 - 351 BC; obverse lion walking right, crescent above; reverse horse standing right, head turned back, ram's head(?) below; extremely rare; $100.00 (€75.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus
Click for a larger photo Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references.
GP63987. Bronze dichalkon, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 649; Weiser -, F, reverse pits, weight 1.904 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY − BAΣIΛEΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; $90.00 (€67.50)



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REFERENCES

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Cox, D.H. Coins from the Excavations at Curium, 1932-1953. ANSNNM 145. (New York, 1959).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Volume III, Part 2. (London, 1929).
Hill, G.F. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Greek Coins of Cyprus. (London, 1904).
Kreuzer, M. The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII, Marc Antony and Augustus in Cyprus. (Springfield, MA, 2004).
Dikaios, P. “A hoard of silver Cypriot states from Larnaca” in NC 1935.
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Catalog current as of Thursday, April 17, 2014.
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Cyprus Coins