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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Cyprus PAGE 2/3«««123»»»

Cyprus


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, 80 - 58 B.C. and 55 - 51 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 80 B.C., Ptolemy XI was removed from the throne by the Egyptian people after he killed his coregent and step-mother Berenice III. Since he had no male heir, the oldest (illegitimate) son of Ptolemy IX was made King Ptolemy XII. Ptolemy XI had left the throne to Rome in his will, but Rome did not challenge Ptolemy XII's succession because the Senate did not want an Egyptian expansion. Deposed by his own subjects in 58 B.C., he regained his throne with Roman assistance. His daughter, Cleopatra VII, was the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt.
GP59585. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1856 (Cleopatra VII); SNG Cop 382; Noeske 335 - 336; BMC Ptolemies p. 118, 15; Hosking -; SNG Milan -, gVF, tight flan, weight 13.967 g, maximum diameter 25.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 64 - 63 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LIH (year 18 left), ΠA right; $135.00 (€101.25)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy X Alexander I, 110 - 109 B.C. and 107 - 88 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy X Alexander was the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. In 110 B.C., his mother deposed his brother Ptolemy IX and he became king with his mother as co-regent. In 109 B.C. Ptolemy IX took back the throne but in 107 B.C. Alexander again became king with his mother as co-regent. In 101 B.C. he had his mother killed, and then ruled either alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III. When he died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died, Ptolemy X's wife Berenice III took the throne for six months.
GP59536. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1680; SNG Cop 369; Noeske 322; BMC Ptolemies p. 113, 39 (Ptolemy XI); SNG Milan -, Hosking -, Malter -, aVF, tight flan, toned, weight 13.809 g, maximum diameter 23.62 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 95 - 94 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LK (year 20) left, ΠA right; $125.00 (€93.75)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, 80 - 58 B.C. and 55 - 51 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 80 B.C., Ptolemy XI was removed from the throne by the Egyptian people after he killed his coregent and step-mother Berenice III. Since he had no male heir, the oldest (illegitimate) son of Ptolemy IX was made King Ptolemy XII. Ptolemy XI had left the throne to Rome in his will, but Rome did not challenge Ptolemy XII's succession because the Senate did not want an Egyptian expansion.
GP59541. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1866 (Cleopatra VII); SNG Cop 390; Noeske 347 - 347; BMC Ptolemies p. 118, 15; Hosking -; SNG Milan -, VF, flat strike, weight 14.134 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 63 - 62 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LIΘ (year 19) left, ΠA right; $120.00 (€90.00)

Cyprus, Time of Augustus, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising sign. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority. Tiberius (born Nov. 13) was a Scorpio.
SH58097. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 3916; SNG Cop -, F, weight 2.666 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cypriot mint, obverse capricorn, star above; reverse scorpion, star above; $105.00 (€78.75)

Salamis, Cyprus, Evagorus II, c. 361 - 351 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Salamis was a maritime town on the east coast of Cyprus, at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus.
GB59141. Bronze AE 12, Unpublished; cf. SNG Cop 57 (horse left, symbols); Tziambazis 128 - 129 (both left, symbols), BMC Cyprus p. 60, 69 ff. (same); Bank of Cyprus -, F, weight 1.719 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis mint, c. 361 - 351 BC; obverse lion walking right, crescent above; reverse horse standing right, head turned back, ram's head(?) below; extremely rare; $100.00 (€75.00)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Cyprus
Click for a larger photo Augustus personally owned Cyprus and its copper mines. A single mine was leased to Herod the Great. Other copper was mined and struck into the CA coinage, a highly profitable enterprise for Augustus.
SH69976. Orichalcum sestertius, RPC I 2233, RIC I 501, Cohen 791, BMCRE I 713, SNGvA 6671, Fair, rough, weight 22.409 g, maximum diameter 35.3 mm, die axis 315o, Cyprus mint, c. 25 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS, bare head right; reverse CA (Caesar Augustus) inside Corona Civica (wreath awarded to Augustus for saving the lives of citizens); a huge 35mm budget "portrait sestertius" of Augustus!; scarce; $90.00 (€67.50)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus
Click for a larger photo Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references.
GP63987. Bronze dichalkon, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 649; Weiser -, F, reverse pits, weight 1.904 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY − BAΣIΛEΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; $80.00 (€60.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Unstruck Blank Flan, Paphos, Cyprus, Mid 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Illustrative of Ptolemaic coin production methods. The unstruck obverse shows the shape of the mold from which the blank was cast. The obverse dimple was probably intended to improved the flow of metal into the obverse portrait during striking.
GB64449. Bronze dichalkon, unstruck blank flan, reputedly found on Cyprus, VF, weight 4.625 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, mid 1st century B.C.; $80.00 (€60.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9.
GB67121. Bronze AE 13, Svoronos 1009, SNG Cop 647, Weiser 110, Cox Curium 82, SNG Milan -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, earthen encrustation, weight 1.514 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, cult-statue of Aphrodite standing facing, polos on head; rare; $80.00 (€60.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III or Kassander, c. 323 - 315 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Salamis was a maritime town on the east coast of Cyprus, at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus.
GB69898. Bronze AE 1/2 unit, Price 3162, VF, porous, weight 4.503 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis mint, c. 323 - 315 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield with five crescents around, Medusa facing at center; reverse crested Macedonian helmet, flanked by B - A (BASILEWS ALEXANDROU, King Alexander), caduceus lower left, NK monogram lower right; $80.00 (€60.00)



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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Brett, A.B. Catalogue of Greek Coins, Boston Museum of Fine Arts. (Boston, 1955).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Cox, D.H. Coins from the Excavations at Curium, 1932-1953. ANSNNM 145. (New York, 1959).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Volume III, Part 2. (London, 1929).
Hill, G.F. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Greek Coins of Cyprus. (London, 1904).
Kreuzer, M. The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII, Marc Antony and Augustus in Cyprus. (Springfield, MA, 2004).
Dikaios, P. “A hoard of silver Cypriot states from Larnaca” in NC 1935.
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Michaelidou, L., ed. Museum of the History of Cypriot Coinage, Coin Catalogue. Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation. (Nicosia, 1996).
Michaelidou, L. & E. Zapiti. Coins of Cyprus. From the Collection of the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation. (Nicosia, 2008).
Müller, L. Numismatique d’Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Nicolaou, I. Paphos II. The Coins from the House of Dionysos. Department of Antiquities Cyprus. (Nicosia, 1990).
Noeske, H-C. Die Münzen der Ptolemäer. (Frankfurt, 2000).
Pitchfork, C. The Jon Hosking Collection of Ptolemaic Coins. Nicholson Museum, University of Sydney. (Sydney, 2000).
Polk, R.S. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, the Ptolemies, Kings of Egypt. (London, 1882).
Price, M.J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Price, M.J. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
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Savio, A. ed. Catalogo completo della collezione Dattari Numi Augg. Alexandrini. (Trieste, 2007).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano XIII, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, Aegyptus. (Milan, 1989).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, Burton Y. Berry. Part 2. Megaris to Egypt.. (New York, 1962).
Svoronos, J. Ta Nomismata tou Kratous ton Ptolemaion. (Athens, 1904-08).
Tziambazis, E. A Catalogue of the Coins of Cyprus (from 560 B.C. to 1571 A.D.). (Larnaca, 2002).
Waggoner, N.M. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen. ANS ACNAC 5. (New York, 1983).
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Catalog current as of Wednesday, July 23, 2014.
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Cyprus Coins