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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>GreekImperial>Decapolis,Arabia&Syria PAGE 1/3«««123»»»

Roman Provincial Coins from the Decapolis, Syria and Arabia

The Decapolis means "the ten cities" in Greek, yet we don't really know how many cities there were, or where they were. In 106 A.D., under the emperor Trajan, the Nabataean Kingdom and the cities of the Decapolis were incorporated into the newly established Provinces of Syria and Arabia.

Click here to read "The Decapolis of Jordan" by Rami G. Khouri


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
RP59985. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 925, Prieur 355, EF, mint luster, weight 10.961 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 247 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate and cuirassed bust left, Gorgon's head on cuirass; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing right, head right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ex; $270.00 (€202.50)

Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes IV, 8 - 5 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Tigranes IV succeeded his father Tigranes III without the consent of Rome. He was dethroned after a few years.
SH66377. Bronze chalkous, Bedoukian 156, cf. Nercessian 166 (half chalkous), VF, weight 2.467 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, 8 - 5 B.C.; obverse heavily bearded head of Tigranes IV right, wearing Armenian tiara with four(?) points; reverse BAΣIΛEΩC TIΓPANOY MEΓAΛOY, eagle standing left, wings closed; rare; $270.00 (€202.50)

Tetrarchy of Chalkis, Coele Syria, Lysanias, 40 - 36 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Lysanias is called Tetrarch of Abila by Josephus. Lysanias' father Ptolemaios was married to Alexandra, one of the sisters of Mattathias Antigonus. Lysanias offered the Parthian satrap Barzapharnes a thousand talents and 500 women to depose Hyrcanus and put his uncle (or step-uncle) Antigonus on the throne of Judaea (Josephus B.J. 1.248). When Lysanias continued to support Antigonus against the Roman nominee Herod the Great, Mark Antony had him executed, and gave his territory to Cleopatra VII.
GB67917. Bronze AE 21, Herman 11.g, RPC I 4769, Hoover Syrian 145 corr., Lindgren III 1243, BMC Galatia -, VF, weight 5.480 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Chalkis sub Libano mint, c. 40 B.C.; obverse veiled female bust right, no inscription; reverse double cornucopia, flanked by four ligatures ΛYCA, TETP, APX, IΦ (Lysanias tetrarch and high priest); very rare; $270.00 (€202.50)

Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes IV, 8 - 5 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Tigranes IV succeeded his father Tigranes III without the consent of Rome. He was dethroned after a few years.
SH66376. Bronze two chalkoi, Nercessian 159, Bedoukian 154, aF, weight 4.718 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 45o, Damascus mint, 8 - 5 B.C.; obverse heavily bearded head of Tigranes IV right, wearing Armenian tiara with five points, surrounded by dotted pearls, adorned with star and two eagles; reverse BAΣIΛEΩC TIΓPANOY MEΓAΛOY, Herakles standing slightly left, nude, right hand resting on grounded club, long spear vertical behind and lion skin in left; rare; $245.00 (€183.75)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
RP60146. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 935, Prieur 444; BMC Galatia 517, aEF, weight 13.013 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 248 - 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings open, head left, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; light corrosion on reverse, sharp detail, well centered and struck, some mint luster; $230.00 (€172.50)

Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes II the Great, 95 - 55 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Tigranes was called "Tigranes the Great" by Plutarch. The "King of Kings" never appeared in public without having four kings attending him. At its height, Tigranes' empire extended from the Pontic Alps to Mesopotamia and from the Caspian to the Mediterranean. In 83 B.C., the Syrians offered him the crown and after conquering Phoenicia and Cilicia, he effectively ended the Seleucid Empire. His southern border reached as far as Akko-Ptolemais. The first Armenian ruler to issue coins, he adopted the Seleucid tradition and struck coins at Antioch and Damascus during his occupation of Syria from 83 to 69 B.C. In 66 B.C., Pompey advanced into Armenia with Tigranes' own son as an ally. Tigranes, now almost 75 years old, surrendered. Pompey treated him generously and returned some of his kingdom in return for 6,000 talents of silver. His unfaithful son was sent back to Rome as a prisoner. Tigranes continued to rule Armenia as an ally of Rome until his death in 55 B.C.
SH66375. Bronze four chalci, cf. Nercessian 84; Bedoukian 119; BMC Seleucid p. 104, 12 (half chalkous); SNG Cop -, aF, weight 9.332 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, c. 83 - 69 B.C.; obverse head of Tigranes I right wearing five-pointed Armenian tiara, A behind; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ TIΓPANOY, Nike advancing left, wreath in extended right, left hand on hip, uncertain letters outer left; ex Gianni Aiello Collection; rare; $225.00 (€168.75)

Nabataean Kingdom, Syllaeus and Aretas IV, 9 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Syllaeus was chief minister for Obodas III and he briefly shared rule of Nabataea with Aretas IV after Obodas death. But Syllaeus had a powerful enemy. In 24 B.C. Syllaeus had betrayed Rome causing almost the complete destruction of an army sent into Arabia Felix. Syllaeus was twice called to the court at Rome, where in 6 B.C. he was convicted of treason and Obodas' murder. He was beheaded and his body was pitched from the Tarpeian Rock.
GB57580. Bronze AE 16, cf. Meshorer Nabataean 43A, Schmitt-Korte II 25 ff. (shin left, O between horns), SNG ANS 1426, VF, nice patina, weight 3.341 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Petra mint, 9 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Aretas right, Aramaic shin behind(?); reverse crossed cornucopias, Aramaic ayin left, shin (Syllaeus) between horns, het (Aretas) right; $175.00 (€131.25)

Antioch, Syria, 41 - 40 B.C., Time of Marc Antony, Labienus and Pacorus
Click for a larger photo About the time this coin was minted, the Parthians led by Quintus Labienus and Pacorus I attacked Syria, which was under Marc Antony's authority. Quintus Labienus was the son of Caesar's general Titus Labienus. He served under Brutus and Cassius, and after the battle at Philipi fled to Parthia, where he had visited before as an ambassador. After several battles against Antony's governor, Saxa, they occupied the entire province and later Asia Minor and Palestine. In Judea, Pacorus deposed King John Hyrcanus II and appointed his nephew Antigonus as king in his place. Labienus was killed during a Roman counter attack in 39 B.C. The territory was recovered for Rome. Pacorus retreated to Parthia but died one year later in an attack on a Roman camp.
RP69599. Bronze AE 27, McAlee 56; RPC I 4223; SNG Cop 81; BMC Galatia p. 154, 25; Cohen DCA 382, VF, deep punch on obverse, weight 11.991 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 41 - 40 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ANTIOXEΩN MHTPOΠO THΣ IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY, Zeus seated left, Nike in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, pileus surmounted by star before, date BOΣ (Seleukid year 272) in exergue; $150.00 (€112.50)

Laodikea ad Mare, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria, 100 B.C. - 100 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This is the Lindgren I plate coin and the only example of the type known to Forum. It is extremely rare and possibly unique. We purchased this coin from the Butte College Foundation, to which Henry Clay Lindgren donated some of his collection.
GB69629. Bronze AE 18, Lindgren I A2061A (this coin), BMC Galatia - (cf. 12 for similar rev), RPC I -, Hoover Syrian -, www -, F, overstruck(?), scratches, weight 3.848 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Laodikea ad Mare mint, 100 B.C. - 100 A.D.; obverse head of Apollo right, hair rolled; reverse ΛAO∆IKE / THΣ IEPAΣ (downward on left), KAI / AYTONOM (downward on right), Artemis standing half left, wearing short chiton, holding bow(?) and spear(?), uncertain monogram or date in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren Collection (plate coin), extremely rare, possibly unique; $150.00 (€112.50)

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Uncertain Caesarea, Syria
Click for a larger photo RPC attributes this rare type to an uncertain mint named Caesarea. See RPC I p. 599 for a discussion of its attribution.
RP58658. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 4084, SNG Cop 177 (Caesarea in Cappadocia), BMC Lycaonia 5 (Anazarbus), VF, weight 5.545 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Caesarea mint, obverse KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP, laureate head right; reverse ETOYC KAICAPEΩN Γ (year 3), turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right; rare; $140.00 (€105.00)

Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., Heliopolis, Coele-Syria
Click for a larger photo
RP58618. Bronze AE 18, Sawaya Heliopolis 628 ff. (D99/R229), SNG Cop 433, aVF, weight 5.927 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Heliopolis (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse COL / HEL in two lines between two legionary eagles, all within laurel wreath; rare; $135.00 (€101.25)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Struck at Rome for Use in Syria
Click for a larger photo In 127 A.D., Hadrian returned to Rome after a seven year voyage to the Roman provinces.
RB65922. Orichalcum semis, McAlee 547(a), RIC II 688, SRCV II 3701, Cohen 443, BMCRE -, VF, nice portrait, weight 3.860 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse COS III, lyre, S - C flanking across field; $135.00 (€101.25)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.. Struck at Rome for Use in Syria
Click for a larger photo In 125 A.D., the Pantheon was constructed in Rome as it stands today.
RP65923. Orichalcum as, McAlee 551, SRCV II 3695, RIC II 666 corr., VF, cleaning scratches, weight 7.465 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse COS III, Roma seated left on cuirass, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, Victory in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, round shield behind cuirass, S C in exergue; rare; $135.00 (€101.25)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Antioch, Syria, Mesopotamian(?) Imitative
Click for a larger photo
RP67921. Bronze semis, for official prototype see McAlee 209, RPC I 4105 (normal S C, Antioch mint, c. 14 - 37 A.D.), F, weight 6.916 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Mesopotamian(?) mint, c. 22 BC; obverse AVGVST TR POT, laureate head right; reverse retrograde S C, within linear circle surrounded by laurel wreath; rare; $135.00 (€101.25)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Claudia Leukas (Balanea), Syria
Click for a larger photo The dedication of a sanctuary of Tyche at Balanea/Claudia Leukas, shortly after 37 B.C. or c. 50 A.D. has survived (Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 36-1284, 114 words). The local era of city began in 38/37 B.C. and may correspond to the dedication of the sanctuary. Or perhaps the dedication may have been held when Balanea was refounded by Emperor Claudius as Claudia Leucas sometime between 48 and 51 A.D.
RP69597. Bronze AE 25, De Saulcy p. 27, 2; SNG Cop -; SNG München -; SNG Righetti -; SNG Hunterian -; BMC Galatia -; Mionnet -; Lindgren -; SGICV -, F, porous, weight 14.180 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 315o, Claudia Leukas mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse CEP (downward on left) CEVHPOC (upward on right), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΛEYKA∆IΩN (in exergue), Tyche standing right within tetrastyle sanctuary, peaked tent roof over central arch, wearing mural crown and kalathos, long scepter in left, left foot on river god Chrysoroas swimming below, BΛC (year 232 of local era) on right; very rare; $135.00 (€101.25)

Philip I, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, Historia ecclesiastica, VI, 34). Legend says Babylas demanded he do penance for the murder of Gordian III before joining the celebration. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.
RP59309. Bronze 8 assaria, McAlee 977; BMC Galatia p. 215, 527, F, well centered, weight 14.385 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 2nd issue; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN , towered, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right, ∆ - E / S - C across fields, ram leaping right with head turned back above, star below; big 31 mm bronze!; $135.00 (€101.25)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 242 A.D., Gordian III marched against the Persian invasion of the East, and relieved Antioch from siege. In 243, Shapur I retreated to Persia, giving up all the territories he conquered.
RP57239. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 874; Prieur 302; BMC Galatia p. 212, 502; Dura 384, VF, weight 12.032 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 241 - 244 A.D; obverse AVTOK K M ANT ΓOR∆IANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠA TO B, eagle standing facing, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak; below: crescent over ram running right with head turned back left; well centered, nice patina; $130.00 (€97.50)

Sabaean Kingdom, South Arabia, 2nd - 3rd Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo The Sabaeans were an ancient people speaking an Old South Arabian language who lived in what is today Yemen, in the south west of the Arabian Peninsula. Some scholars suggest a link between the Sabaeans and the Biblical land of Sheba. The Sabaean Kingdom was conquered by the Himyarites in the late 3rd century.
GS90310. Silver denarius, Huth 308, Munro-Hay SA 2.3ai, SNG ANS -, VF, weight 2.714 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 225o, Ma'rib mint, obverse long-haired, diademed beardless male head left, disk-crescent of Dhat-Hamim above, symbol of Almaqah left, symbol of Athtar right, Arabian letter 'ayin (O) below; reverse antelope head with palm fronds (reeds?) between long curved horns, disk-crescent of Dhat-Hamim above, symbol of Almaqah left, monogram right, border of stylized amphora; ex Forum (2007); $130.00 (€97.50)

Tetrarchy of Chalkis, Coele Syria, Ptolemaios, 85 - 40 B.C., Cleopatra Countermark
Click for a larger photo Ptolemaios (also known as Ptolemy I) was succeeded by his son Lysanias, who was put to death by Marc Antony for supporting Mattathias Antigonus over Herod the Great, the Roman nominee for the Judaean throne. Antony gave the tiny kingdom of Chalkis to Cleopatra as a gift. Attribution of the countermark to Cleopatra is speculative, but the evidence seems to fit. Similar countermarks are known for Antioch, Chalkis, Seleukia and Laodicea.
GB57768. Bronze AE 20, Hoover Syrian 1441; Herman 7; BMC Galatia p. 279, 2; SGCV II 5896 var; Lindgren 2134A, aVF, rough, weight 6.201 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Chalkis sub Libanos mint, 85 - 40 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; countermark: bust right in oval punch; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY / TETPAPΞOY / AXP (AX ligate), eagle flying right, monogram above tail; $125.00 (€93.75)

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis
Click for a larger photo Another option for the countermark could be the head of Hadrian applied during the Second Jewish Revolt ("Bar Kochba" uprising) led by Simon Bar Kochba against Rome, 133 - 135 A.D. In 135 A.D., Hadrian destroyed Jerusalem and founded "Aelia Capitolina" on the site. The Jews were dispersed throughout the Roman Empire.
RP59018. Bronze AE 23, Spijkerman 26; SNG ANS 6, 1300; countermark: cf. Howgego 207 (Tyche), F, weight 9.368 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Decapolis, Gadara mint, 71 - 72 A.D.; obverse OYECΠACIANOC KAICAP, laureate head right; reverse ΓA∆APA, Tyche standing left, wreath in right, cornucopia in left, date LEΛP left; $125.00 (€93.75)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Struck at Rome for Use in Syria
Click for a larger photo An interesting type with Tyche of Antioch and the river-god Orontes, but struck at the Rome mint!
RP57016. Orichalcum as, McAlee 544a, RIC II 680 corr., SRCV II 3696, F, area of corrosion on rev, weight 8.502 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse COS III, Tyche seated left on rock, stalks of grain in right hand, resting left elbow on stork, river god swimming right at feet, S - C flanking across field; rare (R2); $120.00 (€90.00)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 248, Trajan Decius put down the revolts of Pacatianus in Moesia and Iotapianus in Syria, by order of Emperor Philip. In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip.
RP57153. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 922, Prieur 375, Dura 404, VF, weight 12.492 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 225o, Antioch mint, 248 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing right, head right, wings spread, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in exergue; $110.00 (€82.50)

Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.
RP57187. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1043; Prieur 473; BMC Galatia 559; Dura 464; cf. SNG Cop 268 (attributed to Philip I), VF, toned, weight 12.297 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 248 - 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings open, head left, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $110.00 (€82.50)

Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.
RP57198. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1043; Prieur 473; BMC Galatia 559; Dura 464; cf. SNG Cop 268 (attributed to Philip I), VF, weight 12.178 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $110.00 (€82.50)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Chalcis ad Belum, Chalcidice, Syria
Click for a larger photo Trajan's last coinage struck at Chalcis ad Belum used the same reverse, also dated KE. The era of the city of Chalkis began in Autumn 92 A.D. Year 25 of the local era was Autumn 116 - Autumn 117 A.D. This reverse was used for Hadrian's coinage only for the short time after the mint learned he was the new emperor until the local New Year's day (29 August?). When the New Year began the date was changed to B referring to Hadrian's second regnal year (a new regnal year began on New Year's day, not the one year anniversary of rule).
RP69854. Bronze AE 22, Butcher 16; SNG Milan 6; SNG Hunterian 2712 var (drapery only on far shoulder); BMC Galatia -; SNG München -; SNG Cop -; Lindgren -, F, weight 14.192 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 45o, Chalcis ad Belum (Qinnasrin, Syria) mint, c. 11 Aug - 28 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse AUTOKR KAIC TRAIANOC ADRIANOC CEB (or similar, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ΦΛ XAΛ/KI∆EΩN / KE in three lines (KE indicating year 25 of the era of Chalkis), all within laurel wreath of eight bunches of leaves, closed at the top with a pellet; from Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $110.00 (€82.50)

Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian King Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.
RP57232. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1135(f); Prieur 546; BMC Galatia p. 220, 583; Dura 524, aVF, weight 12.226 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse AVT K Γ ME KY ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, S below bust; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, S C, eagle standing left on palm branch, head left, wings spread, wreath in beak; scarce; $100.00 (€75.00)

Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian King Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.
RP70496. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1134(a), Prieur 591, VF, weight 12.458 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Antioch mint, 3rd issue, c. 250 - early 251 A.D.; obverse AVT K Γ ME KY TPAIANOC ∆EKIOC CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, one pellet below; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, eagle standing left on palm branch, wings spread, wreath in beak, S C in exergue; rare; $100.00 (€75.00)

Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Syria
Click for a larger photo
RP65620. Brass as, McAlee 778(b), SNG Righetti 2004, aF, weight 3.652 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, obverse AVT K M AVP C ANTΩNINIOC CE, laureate head right; reverse S C (S reversed), ∆ above, E below, all within wreath closed at the top with a star; rare; $95.00 (€71.25)

Nabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II and Shuqailat, 70 - 76 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Shuqailat, Rabbel's mother, likely ruled until her death in his sixth regnal year. Rabbel was still a child and during this period he was called "Rabbel, king of the Nabataeans." Later he was titled "Rabbel the king, king of the Nabataeans." This may seem a slight change, but it was significant to the Nabataeans. He was later given the appellation, "who resuscitated and saved his people."
GS67115. Silver drachm, Meshorer Nabataean 142 - H12 (various years), aF, weight 3.366 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 0o, Petra mint, 70 - 76 A.D.; obverse Aramaic legend, "Rabbel, king of the Nabataeans, year..." (date off flan), laureate and draped bust of Rabbel II with long hair; reverse Aramaic legend, "Shuqailat, his mother, queen of the Nabataeans", laureate, draped and veiled bust of Shuqailat right; scarce; $90.00 (€67.50)

Herennius Etruscus, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 250 A.D., the Goths under king Cniva invaded Moesia, captured Philippopolis (modern Plovdiv) and murdered its one hundred thousand inhabitants. At the same time a group of Franks penetrated as far as Tarragona in Spain and the Alamanni drove the Romans from the modern area of Donau-Ries.
RP69288. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1152, cf. Prieur 629 ff., BMC Galatia 615 ff., SNG Fitzwilliam 5920, Dura 559 ff. (all various officina), F, weight 8.645 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, as caesar, 250 - early 251; obverse EΠENNE TPOY ME KY ∆EKIOC KECAP, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, uncertain officina mark below; reverse ∆HMAPC EΞOYCIAC, eagle standing right on palm branch, wings open, head right, wreath in beak, S C in exergue; scarce; $90.00 (€67.50)



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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Thursday, August 21, 2014.
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Roman Decapolis, Syria and Arabia