Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes IV, 8 - 5 B.C.
Tigranes IV succeeded his father Tigranes III without the consent of Rome. He was dethroned after a few years.SH66377. Bronze , 156, cf. 166 (half ), VF, 2.467 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 0o, mint, 8 - 5 B.C.; heavily bearded head of Tigranes IV right, wearing Armenian with four(?) points; BAΣIΛEΩC TIΓPANOY MEΓAΛOY, standing left, wings closed; ; $240.00 (€208.80)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes IV, 8 - 5 B.C.
Tigranes IV succeeded his father Tigranes III without the consent of Rome. He was dethroned after a few years.SH66376. Bronze two chalkoi, 159, 154, aF, 4.718 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 45o, mint, 8 - 5 B.C.; heavily bearded head of Tigranes IV right, wearing Armenian with five points, surrounded by dotted pearls, adorned with and two eagles; BAΣIΛEΩC TIΓPANOY MEΓAΛOY, standing slightly left, nude, right hand resting on grounded club, long spear vertical behind and skin in left; ; $220.00 (€191.40)
of Chalkis, Coele , Lysanias, 40 - 36 B.C.
Lysanias is called Tetrarch of by Josephus. Lysanias' father Ptolemaios was married to Alexandra, one of the sisters of Mattathias . Lysanias offered the Parthian Barzapharnes a thousand talents and 500 women to depose Hyrcanus and put his uncle (or step-uncle) on the throne of (Josephus B.J. 1.248). When Lysanias continued to support against the Roman nominee Herod the Great, had him executed, and gave his territory to VII.GB67917. Bronze AE 21, 11.g, 4769, 145 ., 1243, -, VF, 5.480 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libano mint, c. 40 B.C.; veiled female right, no ; double , flanked by four ligatures ΛYCA, TETP, APX, IΦ (Lysanias tetrarch and high priest); very ; $215.00 (€187.05)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes II the Great, 95 - 55 B.C.
Tigranes was called "Tigranes the Great" by Plutarch. The "King of Kings" never appeared in public without having four kings attending him. At its height, Tigranes' empire extended from the Pontic Alps to and from the Caspian to the Mediterranean. In 83 B.C., the Syrians offered him the crown and after conquering and , he effectively ended the Seleucid Empire. His southern reached as far as Akko-Ptolemais. The first Armenian ruler to issue coins, he adopted the Seleucid tradition and struck coins at Antioch and during his occupation of from 83 to 69 B.C. In 66 B.C., Pompey advanced into with Tigranes' own son as an ally. Tigranes, now almost 75 years old, surrendered. Pompey treated him generously and returned some of his kingdom in return for 6,000 talents of silver. His unfaithful son was sent back to Rome as a prisoner. Tigranes continued to rule as an ally of Rome until his death in 55 B.C.SH66375. Bronze four chalci, cf. 84; 119; p. 104, 12 (half ); -, aF, 9.332 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, mint, c. 83 - 69 B.C.; head of Tigranes I right wearing five-pointed Armenian , A behind; BAΣIΛEΩΣ TIΓPANOY, advancing left, wreath in extended right, left hand on hip, uncertain letters outer left; ex Gianni Aiello Collection; ; $200.00 (€174.00)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., ,
(Um Qais, Jordan), located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. The local era of (Pompeian) began in 64 B.C. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.RP72124. Bronze AE 17, 4819, 19, -, VF, 4.412 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 50 - 51 A.D.; CEBACTWI KAICAPI, laureate head right; ΓA∆APA, turreted and veiled of right, date L∆IP ( year 114); $190.00 (€165.30)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene,
notes coins of from Zeugma share dies with his coins from Antioch and were probably struck at the Antioch mint.
Zeugma was founded by Seleucus I Nicator who almost certainly named the city Seleucia after himself. In 64 B.C. the city was conquered by Rome and renamed Zeugma, meaning "bridge of boats." On the Silk Road connecting Antioch to China, Zeugma had a pontoon bridge across the Euphrates, which was the long time with the Persian Empire. The IV Scythica was camped in Zeugma. The legion and the trade station brought great wealth to Zeugma until, in 256, Zeugma was fully destroyed by the Sassanid , Shapur I. An earthquake then buried the city beneath rubble. The city never regained its earlier prosperity and, after Arab raids in the 5th and 6th centuries, it was abandoned again.RY90698. Bronze AE 32, p. 127, 28; 29; 31 var (AVT K M AV -..., and slight drapery), F, 18.971 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 315o, Antioch(?) mint, AVT KAI MAP AVP - ANTΩNEINOC CE, laureate head right; ZEYΓM−ATEΩN (Z reversed), of Zeus(?) with containing of trees, capricorn right in ; big 32 mm bronze!; $160.00 (€139.20)
Nabataean Kingdom, Syllaeus and Aretas IV, 9 B.C.
Syllaeus was chief minister for Obodas III and he briefly shared rule of with Aretas IV after Obodas death. But Syllaeus had a powerful enemy. In 24 B.C. Syllaeus had betrayed Rome causing almost the destruction of an army sent into . Syllaeus was twice called to the court at Rome, where in 6 B.C. he was convicted of treason and Obodas' murder. He was beheaded and his body was pitched from the Tarpeian Rock. GB57580. Bronze AE 16, cf. 43A, 25 ff. (shin left, O between horns), 1426, VF, nice , 3.341 g, maximum 16.2 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 9 B.C.; laureate head of Aretas right, Aramaic shin behind(?); crossed cornucopias, Aramaic ayin left, shin (Syllaeus) between horns, het (Aretas) right; $155.00 (€134.85)
Laodikea ad Mare, Seleucis and Pieria, , 100 B.C. - 100 A.D.
This is the plate coin and the only example of the known to . It is extremely and possibly unique. We purchased this coin from the Butte College Foundation, to which Henry Clay donated some of his collection.GB69629. Bronze AE 18, A2061A (this coin), - (cf. 12 for similar rev), -, -, www -, F, (?), scratches, 3.848 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 0o, Laodikea ad Mare mint, 100 B.C. - 100 A.D.; head of right, hair rolled; ΛAO∆IKE / THΣ IEPAΣ (downward on left), KAI / AYTONOM (downward on right), standing half left, wearing short , holding bow(?) and spear(?), uncertain or date in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Collection (plate coin), extremely , possibly unique; $150.00 (€130.50)
, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene,
A is a temple with four columns. A is a court enclosed by a wall, especially one surrounding an ancient Greek or Roman temple.GB90700. Bronze AE 29, p. 128, 34; 31b; 435 var (capricorn right); 4056 var (same); -, VF, perfect centering, 18.168 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 180o, Zeugma mint, Feb 244 - end Sep 249 A.D.; MAP ΩTAKIΛ CEOYHPAN CEB, draped right, wearing , crescent behind shoulders; ZEYΓM−ATEΩN, with enclosing the sacred of trees, statue of seated Zeus within temple, capricorn left in ; $150.00 (€130.50)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or
The mint, the questor who struck this , and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The has previously been attributed to and the portrait identified as (Friedlander) or (Grant). David Sear notes the has never been found in . Finds point to or Anatolia. It is possible that the was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was quaestor in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of .RB72873. Bronze AE 24, 5409; 957 ( ); 226 - 227; 29 ( ), aF, 17.596 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, right; (spear), sella questoria (questor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for questor) below; $150.00 (€130.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, ecclesiastica, VI, 34). Later elaborates, stating that Babylas demanded that he do penance for his in the murder of the young before he would allow Philip to celebrate Easter. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.RP71451. Bronze 8 assaria, 971; , p 219, 524; 270 var ( from side), F, centered, green , porous, some unstruck, 18.154 g, maximum 32.0 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, AVTOK K MA IOVLI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, , draped, and right, seen from behind; ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩ, turreted, veiled and draped of right, ram above, ∆- E / across ; big 32.5 mm bronze!; $145.00 (€126.15)
, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., , Coele-Syria
in Coele-Syria was made a with the rights of the by in 193. on the religious complex at lasted over a century and a half and was never completed. The Temple of Jupiter, the largest religious building in the entire Roman empire, was dedicated during the reign of . Today, only six Corinthian columns remain standing. Eight more were shipped to Constantinople under Justinian's orders c. 532 - 537, for his of Hagia Sophia.RP58618. Bronze AE 18, 628 ff. (D99/R229), 433, aVF, 5.927 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; bareheaded, draped, and right; COL / HEL in two lines between two legionary eagles, all within laurel wreath; ; $135.00 (€117.45)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ad Libanum,
RP69641. Bronze AE 26, 445, 1288, -, -, F, unusual red and black , clear inscriptions for the , 10.584 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, ad Libanum mint, [...AVP?] CEOVH - ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; ΛAO∆IK ΠPOC ΛIBANW, standing facing before horse standing left, holding bridle of horse in right, in left, horse's head turned back, MHN in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $125.00 (€108.75)
, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, ecclesiastica, VI, 34). says Babylas demanded he do penance for the murder of before joining the celebration. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.RP59309. Bronze 8 assaria, 977; p. 215, 527, F, , 14.385 g, maximum 31.0 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 2nd issue; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, towered, veiled, and draped of right, ∆ - E / across fields, ram leaping right with head turned back above, below; big 31 mm bronze!; $120.00 (€104.40)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Struck at Rome for Use in
An interesting with and the river-god , but struck at the Rome mint!RP57016. as, 544a, 680 ., 3696, F, of corrosion on rev, 8.502 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; HADRIANVS , laureate and draped right, from behind; , seated left on rock, stalks of grain in right hand, resting left elbow on stork, river god swimming right at feet, flanking across ; (R2); $110.00 (€95.70)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Uncertain ,
RPC attributes this to an uncertain mint named . See p. 599 for a discussion of its attribution.
RP58658. Bronze AE 20, 4084, 177 ( in ), 5 (Anazarbus), VF, 5.545 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 0o, uncertain mint, KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP, laureate head right; ETOYC KAICAPEΩN Γ (year 3), turreted, veiled and draped of right; ; $110.00 (€95.70)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D. Struck at Rome for Use in
In 125 A.D., the was constructed in Rome as it stands today.
RP65923. as, 551, 3695, 666 ., VF, cleaning scratches, 7.465 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; HADRIANVS , laureate and draped right, from behind; , seated left on , right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, in right, long vertical behind in left, round behind , S C in ; ; $105.00 (€91.35)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Leukas (Balanea),
The dedication of a sanctuary of at Balanea/Claudia Leukas, shortly after 37 B.C. or c. 50 A.D. has survived (Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 36-1284, 114 words). The local era of city began in 38/37 B.C. and may correspond to the dedication of the sanctuary. Or perhaps the dedication may have been held when Balanea was refounded by Emperor as Leucas sometime between 48 and 51 A.D.RP69597. Bronze AE 25, p. 27, 2; -; -; -; -; -; -; -; -, F, porous, 14.180 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 315o, Leukas mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; CEP (downward on left) CEVHPOC (upward on right), laureate, draped and right; ΛEYKA∆IΩN (in ), standing right within sanctuary, peaked tent roof over central arch, wearing and , long in left, left foot on river god Chrysoroas swimming below, BΛC (year 232 of local era) on right; very ; $105.00 (€91.35)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.RP57232. , 1135(f); 546; p. 220, 583; 524, aVF, 12.226 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 180o, 6th , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, AVT K Γ ME KY ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC CEB, , draped and right, from behind, S below ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, S C, standing left on branch, head left, wings spread, wreath in beak; ; $100.00 (€87.00)
, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, ecclesiastica, VI, 34). says Babylas demanded he do penance for the murder of before joining the celebration. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.RP69864. Bronze 8 assaria, 977; p. 215, 527, F/VF, 12.175 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 2nd issue; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, towered, veiled, and draped of right, ∆ - E / across fields, ram leaping right with head turned back above, below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $100.00 (€87.00)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Nysa Scythopolis,
Nysa Scythopolis (Beth Shean) was the center of Egyptian rule in the northern of Canaan during the Late Bronze Period.
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see Beth Shean at BiblePlaces.com.RP73078. Bronze AE 24, 85, 59, 59, aF, 9.195 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, Nysa-Scythopolis mint, 240 - 241 A.D.; AVT K M ANT GOP∆IANOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; NVC CKVΘOΠO IEPAC V, Dionysus advancing right, flying behind, in right, placing left hand on head of small figure standing at feet before him, left but looking back right behind him, grape bunch upper right, ∆−T (year 304) divided across ; ; $100.00 (€87.00)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
In 248, put down the revolts of in and Iotapianus in , by order of Emperor Philip. In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip.RP57153. , 922, 375, 404, VF, 12.492 g, maximum 28.3 mm, 225o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 248 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, , draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, standing right, head right, wings spread, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ; $95.00 (€82.65)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed . Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.RP57198. , 1043; 473; 559; 464; cf. 268 (attributed to ), VF, 12.178 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $95.00 (€82.65)
of Chalkis, Coele , Ptolemaios, 85 - 40 B.C.,
Ptolemaios (also known as Ptolemy I) was succeeded by his son Lysanias, who was put to death by Marc Antony for supporting Mattathias over Herod the Great, the Roman nominee for the Judaean throne. Antony gave the tiny kingdom of Chalkis to as a gift. Attribution of the to is speculative, but the evidence seems to fit. Similar countermarks are known for Antioch, Chalkis, Seleukia and .
GB57768. Bronze AE 20, 1441; 7; p. 279, 2; 5896 var; 2134A, aVF, rough, 6.201 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libanos mint, 85 - 40 B.C.; laureate head of Zeus right; : right in oval punch; ΠTOΛEMAIOY / TETPAPΞOY / AXP (AX ), flying right, above tail; $95.00 (€82.65)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch,
In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.RP70496. , 1134(a), 591, VF, 12.458 g, maximum 27.1 mm, 0o, 1st , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 3rd issue, c. 250 - early 251 A.D.; AVT K Γ ME KY TPAIANOC ∆EKIOC CEB, , draped and right, from behind, one pellet below; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, standing left on branch, wings spread, wreath in beak, S C in ; ; $90.00 (€78.30)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Rabbathmoba,
Rabbathmoba, probably the Biblical Ir-Moab, was conquered by Alexander Jannaeus. Its ruins are 18 kilometers of Kerak in Jordan.RP72140. Bronze AE 24, 29b; , p. 44, 5 var (date P − ∆); 15 var (same); -; -, aF, green highlighting , porous, 8.987 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 315o, Rabbathmoba mint, 209 - 210 A.D.; AVT KAIC ANTΩNINOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; PABAΘMOVBHNΩN, Poseidon standing left, nude, foot on prow, in right, trident vertical behind in left, ∆ − P (year 104) divided across ; $90.00 (€78.30)
, Coele-Syria, c. 198 A.D.
conferred the Jus Italicum upon (Baalbek, Lebanon) in 193, for supporting him against . Prior to that had been of the territory of (Beirut) on the Phoenician coast since 15 B.C. This of this coin is copied from a coin of .
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.RP73451. Bronze AE 13, 261 (D48/R100), 2156, -, -, -, VF, 1.988 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 90o, mint, c. 198 A.D.; right, wineskin over shoulder, C - HE ( ), of dots; COL / HEL in two lines at center within wreath, of dots; ; $90.00 (€78.30)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
The Battle of Antioch. After unwisely cut legionary pay, III Gallica hailed as emperor on 16 May 218. sent cavalry but they too joined . He finally abandoned his pay cut and paid a bonus, but it was too late. Legion II Parthica defected. General Gannys, the commander of Elagabalus' forces, decisively defeated was just outside Antioch on 8 June 218. shaved off his hair and beard and fled, disguised as a member of the military police. He was recognized by a centurion at Chalcedon on the , taken back to Antioch and executed.RP65620. Brass as, 778(b), 2004, aF, 3.652 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, AVT K M AVP C ANTΩNINIOC CE, laureate head right; S C (S reversed), ∆ above, E below, all within wreath closed at the top with a ; ; $85.00 (€73.95)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Gabala, Seleucis & Pieria,
This year is unpublished for the types in references held by , but several examples have been sold at auction and are on Coin Archives. The most recent is the references CNG auction in 2011.
The local civic era began in 47 B.C. The Actian Era began in autumn 31 B.C. The dual dates on this coin only overlap for some months in autumn - winter 112 A.D.RP69627. Bronze AE 23, CNG e-auction 261, lot 220; cf. p. 244, 4 - 5 (obv , dated BNP, etc.); -, aF, 6.241 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 0o, Gabala (Jableh, ) mint, c. autumn - winter 112 A.D.; AYT NEP KAI TPAIA CEB ΓEPM, laureate right, wearing ; ΓABAΛEΩN, seated left, on head, stalks of grain and poppy in right hand, vertical behind in left, seated left on far side of chair, HNP (year 158 of the civic era) left, ΓMP (year 143 of Actian Era) inner right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very date; $85.00 (€73.95)
of Chalkis, Coele , Ptolemaios, 85 - 40 B.C.
Ptolemaios son of Mennaios, an Ituraean Arab dynast, established the Kingdom of Chalkis in Coele c. 85 B.C., during the collapse of the Seleukid Empire. He inspired such fear that, when the Seleukid Antiochus XII died leaving without a , they people asked The Nabataean Aretas II to rule over them, lest they should fall into his . In 64 B.C., he bribed to forgo annexing his kingdom into the new Roman province of and to allow him to continue ruling his territory as Tetrarch.GB69631. Bronze AE 18, 414; p. 280, 5; A2134B; 4; 1440, VF, high relief, mild roughness, 5.821 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libano mint, 63 - 62 B.C.; laureate head of Zeus right; the standing facing, center legs crossed, heads turned , each leaning on spear in outer hand, LB (year 2 Pompeian Era) ∆ / ΠTOΛEMA right, TETPAPΠX left, APXE below, all within wreath; $85.00 (€73.95)
To end their strong ties and increase dependence on Rome, when annexed , the ten cities of the were distributed among the adjacent Roman provinces. Adraa, and went to the province of ; , and Capitolias seem to have been assigned to and the northerly cities went to the province of . the prestige and of being a city continued long after it had lost any real meaning.GB73437. Bronze AE 27, 1332 (same dies), 93, Soefar Collection 103, IV 90 var (obv leg, etc.), F, 9.356 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 0o, (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 239 - 240 A.D.; AYTOK K MAP ANTΩ ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; war galley rowing right with navigator in stern, row of oarsmen, captain in prow, ΠOMΠ / ΓA∆APE/ΩN in three lines above, ΓT (year 303) below; $85.00 (€73.95)
Nabataean Kingdom, Rabbel II and Shuqailat, 70 - 76 A.D.
Shuqailat, Rabbel's mother, likely ruled until her death in his sixth regnal year. Rabbel was a child and during this period he was called "Rabbel, of the Nabataeans." Later he was titled "Rabbel the , of the Nabataeans." This may seem a slight change, but it was significant to the Nabataeans. He was later given the appellation, "who resuscitated and saved his people."GS67115. Silver , 142 - H12 (various years), aF, 3.366 g, maximum 12.3 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 70 - 76 A.D.; Aramaic , "Rabbel, of the Nabataeans, year..." (date off ), laureate and draped of Rabbel II with long hair; Aramaic , "Shuqailat, his mother, queen of the Nabataeans", laureate, draped and veiled of Shuqailat right; ; $80.00 (€69.60)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Cyrrhus, Cyrrhestica,
Cyrrhus was founded by Seleucus Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, shortly after 300 B.C., and named for Cyrrhus in Macdeonia. It was taken by the Armenian Empire in the 1st century B.C., then became Roman when Pompey took in 64 B.C. By the 1st century A.D., it had become a Roman administrative, military, and commercial center on the trade route between Antioch and the Euphrates River crossing at Zeugma, and minted its own coinage. It was the base of the Roman legion X Fretensis. The Sassanid Persian Empire took it several times during the 3rd century. In the 6th century, the city was embellished and fortified by Justinian. It was taken by the Muslims in 637, the in the 11th century, and Nur ad-Din Zangi recaptured it in 1150. Muslim travelers of the 13th and 14th century reported it as a large city and largely in ruins. Its ruins are located in northern , near the Turkish , about 70 km northwest of Aleppo and 24 km of Kilis, Turkey.GB73055. Bronze AE 28, 21c; p. 137, 34; 505, 49 . ( ), aVF, , rough green with reddish earthen highlighting, 14.440 g, maximum 27.9 mm, 135o, Cyrrhus mint, AYTOK K M IOY IYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, and draped to right, from behind; ∆IOC - KA−TEB−ATOY, KYPHCTΩN, temple Zeus Kataibates, in which statue of the god is seated facing with thunderbolt in right and in left, at his feet on left, bull leaping right above temple; $80.00 (€69.60)
Catana, Qanawat today, is probably the city called Kenath in the Bible (Numbers 32:42, 1 Chronicles 2:23). The Hellenistic-Roman city of Kanatha, is mentioned for the first time in the reign of Herod the Great, when Nabataean forces defeated a Jewish army. It remained an issue of contention between the two powers. From Pompey's time until Trajan's, it was a city of the , a loose federation of cities allowed by the Romans to enjoy a degree of autonomy. Under , it was annexed to the Roman province of . refounded it as the Roman colony Septimia Canatha and transferred it to the province of .RB73452. Bronze AE 13, 2092; 4; 3; 1259; p. 302,, F, 2.373 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 90o, Canata (Qanawat, ) mint, 94 - 95 A.D.; ∆OMITI KAIΣA, laureate head left; towered and draped of left, hair in , KANATA downward behind, ZNP (year 157 of Pompeian era) upward on left; ; $80.00 (€69.60)
Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D., Antioch, , Civic Christian Persecution Issue
In 311, after the death of in late April or May, representatives from presented themselves before , bringing images of their gods and requested that Christians not be allowed to live in their city. Late in 311, an embassy from Antioch, led by their curator Theotecnus, also requested permission to banish Christians from their city and its territory. Other cities followed with the same request. support for Antioch's requests is advertised by this coin . Fearing his co-emperors, however, changed his mind. His edict in May 313 privileges and property to Christians. Later in 313, Licinius captured Antioch and executed Theotecnus.RP66229. Bronze AE 15, 171(g), 2, 2955, VF, edge flaw, 0.875 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 0o, 7th , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 312 - May 313 A.D.; IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter seated left, globe in right, long vertical behind in left; VICTOR-IA , left, wreath in extended right, frond in left, Z in right , ANT in ; ; $70.00 (€60.90)
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