the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, standing right, right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ; $280.00 (€243.60)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes IV, 8 - 5 B.C.
Tigranes IV succeeded his father Tigranes III without the consent of Rome. He was dethroned after a few years.SH66377. Bronze , 156, cf. 166 (half ), VF, 2.467 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 0o, mint, 8 - 5 B.C.; heavily bearded of Tigranes IV right, wearing Armenian with four(?) points; BAΣIΛEΩC TIΓPANOY MEΓAΛOY, standing left, wings closed; ; $240.00 (€208.80)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes IV, 8 - 5 B.C.
Tigranes IV succeeded his father Tigranes III without the consent of Rome. He was dethroned after a few years.SH66376. Bronze two chalkoi, 159, 154, aF, 4.718 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 45o, mint, 8 - 5 B.C.; heavily bearded of Tigranes IV right, wearing Armenian with five points, surrounded by dotted pearls, adorned with and two eagles; BAΣIΛEΩC TIΓPANOY MEΓAΛOY, standing slightly left, nude, right hand resting on grounded club, long spear vertical behind and skin in left; ; $220.00 (€191.40)
of Chalkis, Coele , Lysanias, 40 - 36 B.C.
Lysanias is called Tetrarch of by Josephus. Lysanias' father Ptolemaios was married to Alexandra, one of the sisters of Mattathias . Lysanias offered the Parthian Barzapharnes a thousand talents and 500 women to depose Hyrcanus and put his uncle (or step-uncle) on the throne of (Josephus B.J. 1.248). When Lysanias continued to support against the Roman nominee Herod the Great, had him executed, and gave his territory to VII.GB67917. Bronze AE 21, 11.g, 4769, 145 ., 1243, -, VF, 5.480 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libano mint, c. 40 B.C.; veiled female right, no ; double , flanked by four ligatures ΛYCA, TETP, APX, IΦ (Lysanias tetrarch and high priest); very ; $215.00 (€187.05)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes II the Great, 95 - 55 B.C.
Tigranes was called "Tigranes the Great" by Plutarch. The "King of Kings" never appeared in public without having four kings attending him. At its height, Tigranes' empire extended from the Pontic Alps to and from the Caspian to the Mediterranean. In 83 B.C., the Syrians offered him the crown and after conquering and , he effectively ended the Seleucid Empire. His southern reached as far as Akko-Ptolemais. The first Armenian ruler to issue coins, he adopted the Seleucid tradition and struck coins at Antioch and during his occupation of from 83 to 69 B.C. In 66 B.C., Pompey advanced into with Tigranes' own son as an ally. Tigranes, now almost 75 years old, surrendered. Pompey treated him generously and returned some of his kingdom in return for 6,000 talents of silver. His unfaithful son was sent back to Rome as a prisoner. Tigranes continued to rule as an ally of Rome until his death in 55 B.C.SH66375. Bronze four chalci, cf. 84; 119; p. 104, 12 (half ); -, aF, 9.332 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, mint, c. 83 - 69 B.C.; of Tigranes I right wearing five-pointed Armenian , A behind; BAΣIΛEΩΣ TIΓPANOY, advancing left, wreath in extended right, left hand on hip, uncertain letters outer left; ex Gianni Aiello Collection; ; $200.00 (€174.00)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., ,
(Um Qais, Jordan), located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. The local era of (Pompeian) began in 64 B.C. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.RP72124. Bronze AE 17, 4819, 19, -, VF, 4.412 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 50 - 51 A.D.; CEBACTWI KAICAPI, laureate right; ΓA∆APA, turreted and veiled of right, date L∆IP ( year 114); $190.00 (€165.30)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
ruled for only three months. The imperial mint at Rome did not issue bronze in his name, but two provincial mints did. issued bronzes with Greek legends, and Antioch issued bronzes with Latin legends.
RY74367. Bronze , 322c (R); 4321; 151; p. 177, 213, aF, 7.969 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; IMP M AVG, laureate right; S C, all within inner linear surrounded by a laurel wreath with eight bunches of leaves, no dot (control mark); ; $180.00 (€156.60)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene,
notes coins of from Zeugma share dies with his coins from Antioch and were probably struck at the Antioch mint.
Zeugma was founded by Seleucus I Nicator who almost certainly named the city Seleucia after himself. In 64 B.C. the city was conquered by Rome and renamed Zeugma, meaning "bridge of boats." On the Silk Road connecting Antioch to China, Zeugma had a pontoon bridge across the Euphrates, which was the long time with the Persian Empire. The IV Scythica was camped in Zeugma. The legion and the trade station brought great wealth to Zeugma until, in 256, Zeugma was fully destroyed by the Sassanid , Shapur I. An earthquake then buried the city beneath rubble. The city never regained its earlier prosperity and, after Arab raids in the 5th and 6th centuries, it was abandoned again.RY90698. Bronze AE 32, p. 127, 28; 29; 31 var (AVT K M AV -..., and slight drapery), F, 18.971 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 315o, Antioch(?) mint, AVT KAI MAP AVP - ANTΩNEINOC CE, laureate right; ZEYΓM−ATEΩN (Z reversed), of Zeus(?) with containing of trees, capricorn right in ; big 32 mm bronze!; $160.00 (€139.20)
Nabataean Kingdom, Syllaeus and Aretas IV, 9 B.C.
Syllaeus was chief minister for Obodas III and he briefly shared rule of with Aretas IV after Obodas death. But Syllaeus had a powerful enemy. In 24 B.C. Syllaeus had betrayed Rome causing almost the destruction of an army sent into . Syllaeus was twice called to the court at Rome, where in 6 B.C. he was convicted of treason and Obodas' murder. He was beheaded and his body was pitched from the Tarpeian Rock. GB57580. Bronze AE 16, cf. 43A, 25 ff. (shin left, O between horns), 1426, VF, nice , 3.341 g, maximum 16.2 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 9 B.C.; laureate of Aretas right, Aramaic shin behind(?); crossed cornucopias, Aramaic ayin left, shin (Syllaeus) between horns, het (Aretas) right; $155.00 (€134.85)
Laodikea ad Mare, Seleucis and Pieria, , 100 B.C. - 100 A.D.
This is the plate coin and the only example of the known to . It is extremely and possibly unique. We purchased this coin from the Butte College Foundation, to which Henry Clay donated some of his collection.GB69629. Bronze AE 18, A2061A (this coin), - (cf. 12 for similar rev), -, -, www -, F, (?), scratches, 3.848 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 0o, Laodikea ad Mare mint, 100 B.C. - 100 A.D.; of right, hair rolled; ΛAO∆IKE / THΣ IEPAΣ (downward on left), KAI / AYTONOM (downward on right), standing half left, wearing short , holding bow(?) and spear(?), uncertain or date in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Collection (plate coin), extremely , possibly unique; $150.00 (€130.50)
, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene,
A is a temple with four columns. A is a court enclosed by a wall, especially one surrounding an ancient Greek or Roman temple.GB90700. Bronze AE 29, p. 128, 34; 31b; 435 var (capricorn right); 4056 var (same); -, VF, perfect centering, 18.168 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 180o, Zeugma mint, Feb 244 - end Sep 249 A.D.; MAP ΩTAKIΛ CEOYHPAN CEB, draped right, wearing , crescent behind shoulders; ZEYΓM−ATEΩN, with enclosing the sacred of trees, statue of seated Zeus within temple, capricorn left in ; $150.00 (€130.50)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or
The mint, the questor who struck this , and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The has previously been attributed to and the portrait identified as (Friedlander) or (Grant). David Sear notes the has never been found in . Finds point to or Anatolia. It is possible that the was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was quaestor in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of .RB72873. Bronze AE 24, 5409; 957 ( ); 226 - 227; 29 ( ), aF, 17.596 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, right; (spear), sella questoria (questor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for questor) below; $150.00 (€130.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, ecclesiastica, VI, 34). Later elaborates, stating that Babylas demanded that he do penance for his in the murder of the young before he would allow Philip to celebrate Easter. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.RP71451. Bronze 8 assaria, 971; , p 219, 524; 270 var ( from side), F, centered, green , porous, some unstruck, 18.154 g, maximum 32.0 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, AVTOK K MA IOVLI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, , draped, and right, seen from behind; ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩ, turreted, veiled and draped of right, ram above, ∆- E / across ; big 32.5 mm bronze!; $145.00 (€126.15)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ad Libanum,
RP69641. Bronze AE 26, 445, 1288, -, -, F, unusual red and black , clear inscriptions for the , 10.584 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, ad Libanum mint, [...AVP?] CEOVH - ANTWNINOC, laureate right; ΛAO∆IK ΠPOC ΛIBANW, standing facing before horse standing left, holding bridle of horse in right, in left, horse's turned back, MHN in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $125.00 (€108.75)
, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D., , Coele-Syria
in Coele-Syria was made a with the rights of the by in 193. on the religious complex at lasted over a century and a half and was never completed. The Temple of Jupiter, the largest religious building in the entire Roman empire, was dedicated during the reign of . Today, only six Corinthian columns remain standing. Eight more were shipped to Constantinople under Justinian's orders c. 532 - 537, for his of Hagia Sophia.RP58618. Bronze AE 18, 628 ff. (D99/R229), 433, aVF, 5.927 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; bareheaded, draped, and right; COL / HEL in two lines between two legionary eagles, all within laurel wreath; ; $120.00 (€104.40)
, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, ecclesiastica, VI, 34). says Babylas demanded he do penance for the murder of before joining the celebration. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.RP59309. Bronze 8 assaria, 977; p. 215, 527, F, , 14.385 g, maximum 31.0 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 2nd issue; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, towered, veiled, and draped of right, ∆ - E / across fields, ram leaping right with turned back above, below; big 31 mm bronze!; $120.00 (€104.40)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Struck at Rome for Use in
An interesting with and the river-god , but struck at the Rome mint!RP57016. as, 544a, 680 ., 3696, F, of corrosion on rev, 8.502 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; HADRIANVS , laureate and draped right, from behind; , seated left on rock, stalks of grain in right hand, resting left elbow on stork, river god swimming right at feet, flanking across ; (R2); $110.00 (€95.70)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D. Struck at Rome for Use in
In 125 A.D., the was constructed in Rome as it stands today.RP65923. as, 551, 3695, 666 ., VF, cleaning scratches, 7.465 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; HADRIANVS , laureate and draped right, from behind; , seated left on , right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, in right, long vertical behind in left, round behind , S C in ; ; $105.00 (€91.35)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Leukas (Balanea),
The dedication of a sanctuary of at Balanea/Claudia Leukas, shortly after 37 B.C. or c. 50 A.D. has survived (Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 36-1284, 114 words). The local era of city began in 38/37 B.C. and may correspond to the dedication of the sanctuary. Or perhaps the dedication may have been held when Balanea was refounded by Emperor as Leucas sometime between 48 and 51 A.D.RP69597. Bronze AE 25, p. 27, 2; -; -; -; -; -; -; -; -, F, porous, 14.180 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 315o, Leukas mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; CEP (downward on left) CEVHPOC (upward on right), laureate, draped and right; ΛEYKA∆IΩN (in ), standing right within sanctuary, peaked tent roof over central arch, wearing and , long in left, left foot on river god Chrysoroas swimming below, BΛC (year 232 of local era) on right; very ; $105.00 (€91.35)
, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, ecclesiastica, VI, 34). says Babylas demanded he do penance for the murder of before joining the celebration. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.RP69864. Bronze 8 assaria, 977; p. 215, 527, F/VF, 12.175 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 2nd issue; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, towered, veiled, and draped of right, ∆ - E / across fields, ram leaping right with turned back above, below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $100.00 (€87.00)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Nysa Scythopolis,
Nysa Scythopolis (Beth Shean) was the center of Egyptian rule in the northern of Canaan during the Late Bronze Period.
Click here to
see Beth Shean at BiblePlaces.com.RP73078. Bronze AE 24, 85, 59, 59, aF, 9.195 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, Nysa-Scythopolis mint, 240 - 241 A.D.; AVT K M ANT GOP∆IANOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; NVC CKVΘOΠO IEPAC V, Dionysus advancing right, flying behind, in right, placing left hand on of small figure standing at feet before him, left but looking back right behind him, grape bunch upper right, ∆−T (year 304) divided across ; ; $100.00 (€87.00)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
In 248, put down the revolts of in and Iotapianus in , by order of Emperor Philip. In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip.RP57153. , 922, 375, 404, VF, 12.492 g, maximum 28.3 mm, 225o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 248 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, , draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, standing right, right, wings spread, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ; $95.00 (€82.65)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed . Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.RP57198. , 1043; 473; 559; 464; cf. 268 (attributed to ), VF, 12.178 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, standing left, wings spread, left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $95.00 (€82.65)
of Chalkis, Coele , Ptolemaios, 85 - 40 B.C.,
Ptolemaios (also known as Ptolemy I) was succeeded by his son Lysanias, who was put to death by Marc Antony for supporting Mattathias over Herod the Great, the Roman nominee for the Judaean throne. Antony gave the tiny kingdom of Chalkis to as a gift. Attribution of the to is speculative, but the evidence seems to fit. Similar countermarks are known for Antioch, Chalkis, Seleukia and .GB57768. Bronze AE 20, 1441; 7; p. 279, 2; 5896 var; 2134A, aVF, rough, 6.201 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libanos mint, 85 - 40 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; : right in oval punch; ΠTOΛEMAIOY / TETPAPΞOY / AXP (AX ), flying right, above tail; $95.00 (€82.65)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.RP57232. , 1135(f); 546; p. 220, 583; 524, aVF, 12.226 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 180o, 6th , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, AVT K Γ ME KY ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC CEB, , draped and right, from behind, S below ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, S C, standing left on branch, left, wings spread, wreath in beak; ; $90.00 (€78.30)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Antioch,
In 256 A.D., about six years after this coin was struck, the Persian Shapur conquered and plundered Antioch.RP70496. , 1134(a), 591, VF, 12.458 g, maximum 27.1 mm, 0o, 1st , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 3rd issue, c. 250 - early 251 A.D.; AVT K Γ ME KY TPAIANOC ∆EKIOC CEB, , draped and right, from behind, one pellet below; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC, standing left on branch, wings spread, wreath in beak, S C in ; ; $90.00 (€78.30)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Rabbathmoba,
Rabbathmoba, probably the Biblical Ir-Moab, was conquered by Alexander Jannaeus. Its ruins are 18 kilometers of Kerak in Jordan.RP72140. Bronze AE 24, 29b; , p. 44, 5 var (date P − ∆); 15 var (same); -; -, aF, green highlighting , porous, 8.987 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 315o, Rabbathmoba mint, 209 - 210 A.D.; AVT KAIC ANTΩNINOC CEB, laureate, draped and right, from behind; PABAΘMOVBHNΩN, Poseidon standing left, nude, foot on prow, in right, trident vertical behind in left, ∆ − P (year 104) divided across ; $90.00 (€78.30)
, Coele-Syria, c. 198 A.D.
conferred the Jus Italicum upon (Baalbek, Lebanon) in 193, for supporting him against . Prior to that had been of the territory of (Beirut) on the Phoenician coast since 15 B.C. This of this coin is copied from a coin of .
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.RP73451. Bronze AE 13, 261 (D48/R100), 2156, -, -, -, VF, 1.988 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 90o, mint, c. 198 A.D.; right, wineskin over shoulder, C - HE ( ), of dots; COL / HEL in two lines at center within wreath, of dots; ; $90.00 (€78.30)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
The Battle of Antioch. After unwisely cut legionary pay, III Gallica hailed as emperor on 16 May 218. sent cavalry but they too joined . He finally abandoned his pay cut and paid a bonus, but it was too late. Legion II Parthica defected. General Gannys, the commander of Elagabalus' forces, decisively defeated was just outside Antioch on 8 June 218. shaved off his hair and beard and fled, disguised as a member of the military police. He was recognized by a centurion at Chalcedon on the , taken back to Antioch and executed.RP65620. Brass as, 778(b), 2004, aF, 3.652 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, AVT K M AVP C ANTΩNINIOC CE, laureate right; S C (S reversed), ∆ above, E below, all within wreath closed at the top with a ; ; $85.00 (€73.95)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Gabala, Seleucis & Pieria,
This year is unpublished for the types in references held by , but several examples have been sold at auction and are on Coin Archives. The most recent is the references CNG auction in 2011.
The local civic era began in 47 B.C. The Actian Era began in autumn 31 B.C. The dual dates on this coin only overlap for some months in autumn - winter 112 A.D.RP69627. Bronze AE 23, CNG e-auction 261, lot 220; cf. p. 244, 4 - 5 (obv , dated BNP, etc.); -, aF, 6.241 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 0o, Gabala (Jableh, ) mint, c. autumn - winter 112 A.D.; AYT NEP KAI TPAIA CEB ΓEPM, laureate right, wearing ; ΓABAΛEΩN, seated left, on , stalks of grain and poppy in right hand, vertical behind in left, seated left on far side of chair, HNP (year 158 of the civic era) left, ΓMP (year 143 of Actian Era) inner right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very date; $85.00 (€73.95)
CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES
Page created in 3.166 seconds