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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheTwelveCaesars>Tiberius

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.

Tiberius became Augustus' stepson when the emperor married Livia in 38 B.C. Augustus forced Tiberius to divorce the wife he loved and to marry his daughter Julia. Tiberius hated his new wife and escaped her by going into voluntary exile at Rhodes in 6 B.C. After the deaths of the other possible successors, he was recalled in 2 A.D. and groomed to succeed Augustus, which he did on 19 August 14. The empire thrived under Tiberius; however, his reign was marred by a conspiracy to rule by his Praetorian Praefect Sejanus and by his descent into paranoia near the end of his reign. Tiberius moved to Capri in 26, and ruled from there until his natural death on 16 March 37.


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Struck under Tiberius
Click for a larger photo Octavian Augustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and military, and embarked on a huge building program across the empire. He died at 77 years, having ruled 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
RB72083. Bronze sestertius, RIC I Tiberius 56, 62 or 68, aF, brown and green patina, rough, scrape on reverse, weight 25.608 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 35 - 36 A.D.; obverse DIVO / AVGVSTO / S P Q R in upper field, statue of Augustus seated left on throne, holding laurel branch and scepter, set on ornate car drawn by four elephants, each with its own mahout; reverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXXVII, large S C, legend around; ex CNG auction 284 (8 Aug 2012), lot 278; ex the R. D. Frederick Collection; $240.00 SALE PRICE $216.00

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD69889. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342, Meshorer TJC 333, RPC I 4968, SGICV 5623, aVF, weight 1.515 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse LIZ (year 17), blundered appearing as VZ, within wreath; $190.00 SALE PRICE $171.00

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos, Mysia
Click for a larger photo RPC identifies this ruler as Uncertain Emperor (Tiberius?) while SNG Copenhagen says Tiberius. The portrait does look like Tiberius.
GB90185. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2279, SNG Cop 233, BMC Mysia -, F, weight 3.804 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 225o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, obverse CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right; rare; $175.00 SALE PRICE $158.00

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. Scholars disagree on the date of this type. If the "S" is actually a retrograde (backwards) "Z," the date is year 17 or 30 A.D. If the "S" is actually the Greek letter stigma, the date is year 16 or 29 A.D.
JD69881. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342a, SGICV 5623, F, nice highlighting desert patina, uneven strike, weight 1.990 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea mint, 29 or 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse LIς (year 16) or LIZ (Z retrograde year 17) within wreath; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. Scholars disagree on the date of this type. If the "S" is actually a retrograde (backwards) "Z," the date is year 17 or 30 A.D. If the "S" is actually the Greek letter stigma, the date is year 16 or 29 A.D. On this coin the last letter of the date looks much more like the Greek "ς" than a retrograde Z.
JD69880. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342a, SGICV 5623, aF, weight 2.448 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 29 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse LIς (year 16) within wreath; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. To give notice of the legal charge against Jesus, Pilate ordered a sign posted on the cross stating "Jesus of Nazareth, The King of the Jews." The chief priests protested that it should read that Jesus "claimed" to be King of the Jews. Pilate refused to change the sign, perhaps to emphasize Rome's supremacy in crucifying a Jewish king. More likely, Pilate was just annoyed by the Jewish leaders using him to sentence Jesus to death contrary to his own will.
JD72757. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, F, green patina, weight 2.534 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philo writes that Pilate had "vindictiveness and furious temper." Josephus recounts that after Pilate spent money from the Temple to build an aqueduct, he addressed a crowd of Jews. His soldiers were hidden in the crowd and when Jews began to protest, he gave the signal for his soldiers to randomly attack, beat and kill. Pilate was ordered back to Rome after harshly suppressing a Samaritan uprising. He arrived in Rome just after the death of Tiberius.
JD69885. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342, Meshorer TJC 333, RPC I 4968, SGICV 5623, VF, both sides off center, clear date, weight 1.305 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse LIZ (year 17) within wreath; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos, Mysia
Click for a larger photo RPC identifies this ruler as "Uncertain Emperor (Tiberius?)" while SNG Copenhagen says "Tiberius." The portrait does look like Tiberius.
RP90508. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2279, SNG Cop 233, VF, weight 4.856 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Lampsacus mint, obverse CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right, uncertain object below; scarce; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Laodikeia ad Lycum, Phrygia, Time of Augustus, c. 13 - 37 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But MÍn was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times MÍn was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. MÍn is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and chicken. A temple of MÍn has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia.
RP90772. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2907; SNG Cop 513 ff.; BMC Phrygia p. 288, 64 ff.; Lindgren I 984, F, nice green patina, weight 3.946 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Laodikeia ad Lycum mint, Time of Tiberius, c. 13 - 37 A.D.; obverse ΛAO∆I KEΩN, bust of MÍn right, wearing Phrygian cap and laurel wreath, crescent behind shoulders; reverse KOP (ligate), ∆IOΣKOYPI∆HΣ (Cornelius Dioskurides, magistrate), eagle standing slightly right on branch (or club), head left, wings slightly open; ex Forum (2010); $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia
Click for a larger photo Tiberius became Augustus' stepson when the emperor married Livia in 38 B.C. Augustus forced Tiberius to divorce the wife he loved and marry his daughter Julia. Tiberius hated his new wife and escaped her by going into exile at Rhodes in 6 B.C. After the deaths of the other possible successors, he was recalled in 2 A.D. and groomed to succeed Augustus, which he did on 19 August 14.
RP70927. Bronze AE 21, Touratsoglou 204 (V62/R181), RPC I 1565; BMC Macedonia p. 117, 74; SNG Cop 400, aF, weight 8.826 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 45o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, emission XI, c. 4 - 14 A.D.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, laureate head of Augustus right; reverse TIBEPIOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head of Tiberius Caesar right; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. To give notice of the legal charge against Jesus, Pilate ordered a sign posted on the cross stating "Jesus of Nazareth, The King of the Jews." The chief priests protested that it should read that Jesus "claimed" to be King of the Jews. Pilate refused to change the sign, perhaps to emphasize Rome's supremacy in crucifying a Jewish king. More likely, Pilate was just annoyed by the Jewish leaders using him to sentence Jesus to death contrary to his own will.
JD72760. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342 - 1343, SGICV 5623 - 5624, F, weight 2.485 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea mint, 29 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse uncertain year in wreath; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Tiberius and Drusus Caesar, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Uncertain Mint (Philippi?), Macedonia
Click for a larger photo Drusus (also called Drusus Junior or Drusus the Younger), the only son of Tiberius, became heir to the throne after the death of Germanicus. Drusus' wife Livilla was seduced by the praetorian prefect Sejanus and she poisoned Drusus to support Sejanus' plot to become emperor. Dying before Tiberius, Drusus never obtained the throne. Sejanus' plot was discovered in 31 B.C. and he and Livilla were executed.
RP59942. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 1658; BMC Mysia p. 104, 92 (Parium); SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -, aF, weight 5.335 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Philippi(?) mint, obverse TI AVG DRVSVS CAESAR, jugate heads of Tiberius and Drusus right; reverse two priests with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding a new colony; Drusus (also called Drusus Junior or Drusus the Younger), the only son of Tiberius, became heir to the throne after the death of Germanicus. Drusus' wife Livilla was seduced by the praetorian prefect Sejanus and she poisoned Drusus to support Sejanus' plot to become emperor. Dying before Tiberius, Drusus never obtained the throne. Sejanus' plot was discovered in 31 B.C. and he and Livilla were executed.; $75.00 SALE PRICE $67.50

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pilate's predecessors respected Jewish customs, removing images on their standards before entering Jerusalem. Pilate allowed his soldiers to bring them into the city at night. After five days of protests, Pilate had his soldiers surround the demonstrators, threatening them with death, which they were ready to accept rather than submit to desecration of Mosaic Law. Pilate finally removed the images. Later Pilate set up gold-plated shields in Herod's Palace in Jerusalem, ostensibly to honor Tiberius, but apparently to annoy the multitude. The Jews wrote to Tiberius, who rebuked Pilate for his audacious violation of precedent and ordered him to take down the shields.
JD69877. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1343, SGICV 5624, F, clear date, obverse 1/5 off center, uneven strike, weight 2.031 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse LIH (year 18) within wreath; $42.00 (Ä36.12)



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Obverse legends:

CIVITATIBVSASIAERESTITVTIS
TICAESARAVGFTRPOTXV (TIBERIUS AND AUGUSTUS)
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTIMPVII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTIMPVIII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTVS
TICAESARAVGVSTIFIMPERATOR
TICAESARAVGVSTIFIMPERATORV
TI CAESARAVGVSTFIMPERATVII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTVS
TIDIVIFAVGVSTVS



Catalog current as of Friday, January 30, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Tiberius