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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheTwelveCaesars>Tiberius

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.

Tiberius became Augustus' stepson when the emperor married Livia in 38 B.C. Augustus forced Tiberius to divorce the wife he loved and to marry his daughter Julia. Tiberius hated his new wife and escaped her by going into voluntary exile at Rhodes in 6 B.C. After the deaths of the other possible successors, he was recalled in 2 A.D. and groomed to succeed Augustus, which he did on 19 August 14. The empire thrived under Tiberius; however, his reign was marred by a conspiracy to rule by his Praetorian Praefect Sejanus and by his descent into paranoia near the end of his reign. Tiberius moved to Capri in 26, and ruled from there until his natural death on 16 March 37.


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-21
Click for a larger photo Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
SH71639. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 4, 150; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 48; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, VF, nice portrait, toned, porous, some pitting, weight 3.808 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 45o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM, Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right, branch in left, feet on footstool; $600.00 (450.00)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Struck under Tiberius
Click for a larger photo Octavian Augustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and military, and embarked on a huge building program across the empire. He died at 77 years, having ruled 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
RB72083. Bronze sestertius, RIC I Tiberius 56, 62 or 68, aF, brown and green patina, rough, scrape on reverse, weight 25.608 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 35 - 36 A.D.; obverse DIVO / AVGVSTO / S P Q R in upper field, statue of Augustus seated left on throne, holding laurel branch and scepter, set on ornate car drawn by four elephants, each with its own mahout; reverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXXVII, large S C, legend around; ex CNG auction 284 (8 Aug 2012), lot 278; ex the R. D. Frederick Collection; $240.00 (180.00)

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos, Mysia
Click for a larger photo RPC identifies this ruler as Uncertain Emperor (Tiberius?) while SNG Copenhagen says Tiberius. The portrait does look like Tiberius.
GB90185. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2279, SNG Cop 233, BMC Mysia -, F, weight 3.804 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 225o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, obverse CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right; rare; $175.00 (131.25)

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. Scholars disagree on the date of this type. If the "S" is actually a retrograde (backwards) "Z," the date is year 17 or 30 A.D. If the "S" is actually the Greek letter stigma, the date is year 16 or 29 A.D.
JD69881. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342a, SGICV 5623, F, nice highlighting desert patina, uneven strike, weight 1.990 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea mint, 29 or 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse LIς (year 16 = 29 A.D.) or LIZ (Z retrograde year 17 = 30 A.D.) within wreath; $160.00 (120.00)

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. Scholars disagree on the date of this type. If the "S" is actually a retrograde (backwards) "Z," the date is year 17 or 30 A.D. If the "S" is actually the Greek letter stigma, the date is year 16 or 29 A.D. On this coin the last letter of the date looks much more like the Greek "ς" than a retrograde Z.
JD69880. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342a, SGICV 5623, aF, weight 2.448 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 29 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse LIς (year 16 = 29 A.D.) within wreath; $150.00 (112.50)

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He is only known from the New Testament, his coins and a single stone discovered in 1961 inscribed with Pilate's name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE," which is now in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
JD69877. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1343, SGICV 5624, F, clear date, obverse 1/5 off center, uneven strike, weight 2.031 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse LIH (year 18) within wreath; $140.00 (105.00)

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD69885. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342, Meshorer TJC 333, RPC I 4968, SGICV 5623, VF, both sides off center, clear date, weight 1.305 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (pagan religious implement); reverse LIZ (year 17) within wreath; $130.00 (97.50)

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos, Mysia
Click for a larger photo RPC identifies this ruler as "Uncertain Emperor (Tiberius?)" while SNG Copenhagen says "Tiberius." The portrait does look like Tiberius.
RP90508. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2279, SNG Cop 233, VF, weight 4.856 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Lampsacus mint, obverse CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right, uncertain object below; scarce; $125.00 (93.75)

Laodikeia ad Lycum, Phrygia, Time of Augustus, c. 13 - 37 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mn was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times Mn was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mn is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and chicken. A temple of Mn has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia.
RP90772. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2907; SNG Cop 513 ff.; BMC Phrygia p. 288, 64 ff.; Lindgren I 984, F, nice green patina, weight 3.946 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Laodikeia ad Lycum mint, Time of Tiberius, c. 13 - 37 A.D.; obverse ΛAO∆I KEΩN, bust of Mn right, wearing Phrygian cap and laurel wreath, crescent behind shoulders; reverse KOP (ligate), ∆IOΣKOYPI∆HΣ (Cornelius Dioskurides, magistrate), eagle standing slightly right on branch (or club), head left, wings slightly open; ex Forum (2010); $100.00 (75.00)

Tiberius and Drusus Caesar, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Uncertain Mint (Philippi?), Macedonia
Click for a larger photo Drusus (also called Drusus Junior or Drusus the Younger), the only son of Tiberius, became heir to the throne after the death of Germanicus. Drusus' wife Livilla was seduced by the praetorian prefect Sejanus and she poisoned Drusus to support Sejanus' plot to become emperor. Dying before Tiberius, Drusus never obtained the throne. Sejanus' plot was discovered in 31 B.C. and he and Livilla were executed.
RP59942. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 1658; BMC Mysia p. 104, 92 (Parium); SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -, aF, weight 5.335 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Philippi(?) mint, obverse TI AVG DRVSVS CAESAR, jugate heads of Tiberius and Drusus right; reverse two priests with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding a new colony; Drusus (also called Drusus Junior or Drusus the Younger), the only son of Tiberius, became heir to the throne after the death of Germanicus. Drusus' wife Livilla was seduced by the praetorian prefect Sejanus and she poisoned Drusus to support Sejanus' plot to become emperor. Dying before Tiberius, Drusus never obtained the throne. Sejanus' plot was discovered in 31 B.C. and he and Livilla were executed.; $75.00 (56.25)

Click for a larger photo The Altar of Lugdunum and the Sanctuary of the Three Gauls were dedicated by Augustus on 1 August 10 B.C., the very same day Drusus' son, the future emperor Claudius, was born in Lugdunum. All the notable men of Gaul were invited. Caius Julius Vercondaridubnus, a member of the Aedui tribe, was the first priest of the new imperial cult. The altar, which was engraved with the names of 60 Gallic tribes, was featured prominently on coins from the Lugdunum mint for many years.
RB90866. Copper as, RIC I 245, Cohen 37, BMCRE I 585, BnF II 1769, F, thin flan, weight 5.461 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 315o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, as caesar, 12 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT VII, laureate head right; reverse ROM ET AVG, Altar of Lugdunum, decorated with corona civica between laurels and nude male figures, flanked by Victories on columns facing center raising wreaths; $70.00 (52.50)


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Obverse legends:

CIVITATIBVSASIAERESTITVTIS
TICAESARAVGFTRPOTXV (TIBERIUS AND AUGUSTUS)
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTIMPVII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTIMPVIII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTVS
TICAESARAVGVSTIFIMPERATOR
TICAESARAVGVSTIFIMPERATORV
TI CAESARAVGVSTFIMPERATVII
TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTVS
TIDIVIFAVGVSTVS



Catalog current as of Monday, December 22, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Tiberius