, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Amphipolis,
was the wife of , married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of . died in 129 A.D.SH79967. Bronze AE 24, III 645, 1170, 980, -, -, -, -, F, green , pitting, 9.487 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 105 - 129 A.D.; CEBACTH ΠΛWTEINA, draped right; AMΦIΠOΛTWN, seated left, in right hand; very ; $630.00 (€560.70)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of , an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."SH73695. Bronze , 1032(c) (S), 32, 61, 1877 var. (diadem vice ), 3937, aVF, excellent portrait, , green , marks and scratches, some corrosion, 23.691 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 135 A.D.; HADRIANI , draped right, wearing of grain, hair in long plait falling down back of neck and above in front; , Pudicitia seated left on high-backed throne, veiled and draped, feet on footstool, right hand on breast (raising to lips), left hand in lap, S C ( ) in ; old anonymous dealer or collector tag in Italian; ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
(Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named , would decide. Each of the three finalists offered a bribe. promised he would rule the world. said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the of Sparta. awarded the golden to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.SH73705. , AP1388b; AP2147; p. 300, 30; 268; 4720, VF, nice , , , 24.039 g, maximum 35.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, struck under , 148 - 152 A.D.; FAVSTINAE AVG , draped right with bare, hair waived and coiled tied with double band of pearls on back of ; , standing half left, in right hand, grounded rudder in left hand, coiled around rudder, low across ; $490.00 (€436.10)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€409.40)
, Augusta 220 and 221 - 222 A.D.
was the second and fourth wife of . She was a Virgin and was the high priest of the sun-god Heliogabal. held parallel marriage ceremonies; married and Heliogabal married . This was extremely offensive to the Romans since Virgins were prohibited from marriage during their 30-year vow of chastity. and , as well as Heliogabal and , were divorced in order to restore public confidence and was quickly remarried. However, divorced his third wife within a few months and remarried . Returning to sealed his fate. and his mother were murdered; their bodies were dragged through the streets of Rome and thrown in the .RS79623. Silver , E228 (R), 6, E337, 7680, -, VF, porous, edge cracks, slightly off center , 2.590 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 220 - 222 A.D.; IVLIA AQVILIA AVG, draped right, bare, neatly waved and fastened in a queue at the back; , and standing facing one another, clasping , she wears a , with a fold of drapery over her arm, he holds a in his left hand, between them below ; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
and , 24 January 41 - 48 A.D., Knossos,
was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of and . They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while was away in , even though she was married to the emperor, married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and driven to suicide.SH74280. Bronze AE 20, 1001 (rev ending ) or 1002, 214 ( ) or 212, -, -, aVF, crowded , 4.393 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 180o, Knossos mint, Cytherus und Capito, 41 A.D.; TI CLAVDIVS AVG , of left; [CAPITONE CYTHERONTE ] or [CYTHERO CAPITONE] (end of off ), draped of right; extremely ; $430.00 (€382.70)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
In Roman religion, was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a (sacrificial ), a (symbol of prosperity), or a (symbol of peace).RB26685. , AP1368, AP2198, 50, 22, 4710, VF, 19.689 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, struck under , 157 - 161 A.D.; FAVSTINA , draped right, hair wavy and drawn back into at back; , standing left, in extended right, in left hand, across below center; $360.00 (€320.40)
Odessos, , c. 125 - 70 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Odessus surrendered to Alexander the Great in 335 B.C. Rule passed to his diadochus , but in coalition with other Pontic cities and the Getae, Odessus rebelled in 313 B.C. After Lysimachus' death in 281, the city reverted to striking in the types and name of Alexander the Great and continued to strike Alexandrine tetradrachms until at least 70 B.C.SH63508. Silver , 1179, VF, , 15.721 g, maximum 29.8 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 70 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, in right, long in left hand, ∆H under arm, below throne; $360.00 (€320.40)
, Augusta c. 79 - 89 A.D.
was the daughter of the emperor , and although married, she had an affair with her uncle . In 83 A.D., divorced his wife and lived openly with her. It has been said that she died because forced her to have an abortion but modern research indicates this allegation is false.SH72986. Silver , 14; 141; , 1, 56; p. 275, 1; 106; 2612, F, slightly , 3.030 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 79 - 81 A.D.; IVLIA TITI , diademed and draped right, hair in a long plait in back; , standing right, viewed from behind, nude to the hips, right knee bent, leaning with left elbow and forearm on column, transverse spear on far side in left hand, raising up helmet in right hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection collection, ex Zuzim (2012); only the second example of this handled by ; ; $340.00 (€302.60)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of , Amphipolis,
was the wife of , married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of . died in 129 A.D.RP83496. Bronze AE 25, III 655 (8 spec.); p. 56, 103; 3186 (R5); 1171; 987; -; -; -, VF, green , , some corrosion and scratches, off center, , 12.382 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.; CABEINA CEBACTH, draped right wearing , pellet within crescent with horns up left below chin; AMΦIΠOΛTWN, seated left on high back throne, wearing turreted crown, in right hand; ; $320.00 (€284.80)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
Livia was the wife of , mother of , paternal grandmother of , paternal great-grandmother of , and maternal great-great-grandmother of . Livia and remained married for 51 years. They had no children. Livia always enjoyed the status of privileged counselor to her husband, petitioning him on the behalf of others and influencing his policies, an unusual role for a Roman wife. Living very simply and frugally, Livia set an example of Roman virtue which made her quite popular with the people. According to some ancient historians, however, Livia poisoned Augustus' potential heirs and then himself to make her son emperor. When he was emperor, and Livia, had a falling out. On her death in 29 A.D., he did not see fit to have her consecrated. When came to power, he argued that every God needed a consort (referring to the deified ). The Senate accepted this logic, and she was declared a goddess.SH72998. Silver , 14 (R2), 167, 43, 8, -, -, aVF, light corrosion, cleaning scratches, 2.996 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 180o, mint, Apr - Aug 68 A.D.; IMP , laureate right, globe behind the point of neck; , Livia standing slightly left, left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
of Chalkis, Coele , Lysanias, 40 - 36 B.C.
Lysanias is called Tetrarch of by Josephus. Lysanias' father Ptolemaios was married to Alexandra, Mattathias Antigonus' sister. Lysanias offered the Parthian Barzapharnes a thousand talents and 500 women to depose Hyrcanus and put his uncle (or step-uncle) on the throne of (Josephus B.J. 1.248). When Lysanias continued to support against the Roman nominee Herod the Great, had him executed, and gave his territory to VII.GB90942. Bronze AE 19, 11.g, 4769, 145 , 1243, -, VF, 3.505 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libano mint, c. 40 B.C.; veiled female right, no ; double , flanked by four ligatures ΛYCA, TETP, APX, IΦ (Lysanias tetrarch and high priest); very ; $270.00 (€240.30)
, Augusta July or August 219 - about September 220 A.D., First Wife of
In 219, arranged for her grandson to marry . The wedding was a lavish ceremony and Paula was given the honorific title of Augusta. In 220, he divorced her and married , a Virgin.RS79622. Silver , 172, 6a, 211, 1, 7655, VF, nice portrait, excellent centering, frosty surfaces, 3.077 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 219 - 220 A.D.; IVLIA PAVLA AVG, bare-headed, draped right; , seated left, in right hand, left elbow resting on arm of throne, in left ; ; $260.00 (€231.40)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
( to the Romans) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian of Greek mythology and religion. Hera's mother is Rhea and her father Cronus. Her chief function was as the goddess of women and marriage. The cow, and the were considered sacred to her. Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the . was known for her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus' lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her. earned Hera's hatred by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess.RB79848. , C585, C208, , 90, 7114, F, scratches, areas of corrosion, 21.909 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 211 - 217 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped right, wearing ; , standing slightly left, veiled left, in right hand, long vertical in left hand, at feet on left standing left, flanking across below center; ; $230.00 (€204.70)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Ceres' known mythology is indistinguishable from Demeter's. Her virgin daughter ( ) was abducted by Hades to be his wife in the underworld. searched for her endlessly lighting her way through the earth with torches. While (Demeter) searched, she was preoccupied with her loss and her grief. The halted; living things ceased their growth, then began to die. Some say that in her anger she laid a curse on the world that caused plants to wither and die, and the land to become desolate. Faced with the extinction of all life on earth, Zeus sent his messenger to the underworld to bring back. However, because she had eaten while in the underworld, Hades had a claim on her. Therefore, it was decreed that she would spend four months each year in the underworld. During these months grieves for her daughter's absence, withdrawing her gifts from the world, creating winter. Proserpina's return brings the spring.SH77274. Silver , 69a (R); 859; p. 356, - (*ref. pl. 2, 13); 409 var. ( at feet); -; -, F, dark , scratches, edge cracks, 3.172 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 128 A.D.; HADRIANI , diademed and draped right, wearing , hair in a plaited on crown of ; seated left on basket, two stalks of grain and poppy in right hand, lit torch in left hand, S•C in ; extremely ; $225.00 (€200.25)
, , , Second Punic War, c. 210 - 202 B.C.
GB83568. dishekel, Viola 185; , group 3 (single-pendant earring variety), 77 - 96; cf. 44; 190; 103; 6494, VF, adjustment marks, die break on , 11.92 g, maximum 28.08 mm, 0o, mint, c. 210 - 202 B.C.; of Tanit left, hair wreathed with grain, wearing necklace and single-pendant earring; unbridled horse standing right, tree in background, no pellet; ; $225.00 (€200.25)
, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of
was originally a household spirit. Later she was personified as the goddess of the hearth and given the stature of her Greek equivalent, Hestia. In the temple of her flame was kept alive by Virgins.RB79847. , MA1178, MA1779, 94 (torch for ), 5510, -, aVF, , corrosion, 24.955 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 164 - 166 A.D.; LVCILLAE AVG - ANTONINI , Draped right, hair waived and in a lown on back of ; , standing left, flaming column alter at feet on left, in right hand, in left hand sloped at shoulder in left, flanking across lower half of ; $220.00 (€195.80)
, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Roman Provincial
(Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was ) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of , wearing a (a crown like the walls of the city).SH66838. , 5342; 2982; 91.47; 10716; p. 2266; 4140, aEF, 11.345 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 315o, mint, 29 Aug 266 - 28 Aug 267 A.D.; KOPNHΛIA CAΛWNEINA CEB, draped right, wearing , hair in horizontal ridges and in plait looped below ear; reclining left on couch, on , rudder in right hand, LI∆ (year 14) above; $200.00 (€178.00)
, , Pyrrhos, 278 - 276 B.C.
In 279 B.C., Pyrrhus' forces, supporting the Greek cities of southern Italy, met and defeated the Romans at the battle of Asculum in . Pyrrhus, however, lost many men, several close associates, and all of his baggage. When one of his soldiers congratulated him on his , he famously replied: "Another such and we are ruined!" From this we have the term Pyrrhic , a achieved at ruinous cost.GB84500. Bronze hemilitron, p. 333, 187/3; BMC p. 113, 33 ( ); 99 ( ); 842 var. (obv owl behind); 620 var. (same, ), VF, nice , 4.355 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 180o, mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; of left, in crested Corinthian helmet; grain ear, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΠYPPOY above and below, all within oak ; ex (2014); $190.00 (€169.10)
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