, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The first mint portrait , and a highly sought after .SH84794. , 33; p. 152, 36; 47; 4; 1800, gF, excellent centering and strike, attractive portrait, worn and scraped on high points, bumps and scratches, 27.881 g, maximum 35.6 mm, 180o, mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; IVLIA, the three sisters of standing, in the guises of , , and , S C ( ) in ; ; $2260.00 (€2011.40)
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C.,
Mithradates VI "the Great" expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with . He regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against , however, after three years of war, he was defeated by . The design of this coin is taken from a coin of , bodyguard of Alexander the Great, and of , 323 - 281 B.C. The coin depicted Alexander the Great on the . The features of the portrait on this are those of Mithradates VI.SH85133. Gold , De p. 141 (D1/R1), 1090 ( ), VF, die wear, 8.395 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 0o, Inferior, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, First Mithradatic War, 88 - 86 B.C.; diademed of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, in right hand, resting left arm on round behind, and V above knee, TO on throne, trident in ; ex CNG e-auction 92 (23 Jun 2004), lot 27; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
, , East Gaul, c. 58 - 55 B.C., Gallic War Issue
The occupied the Somme valley in northern France. These uniface Gallic War staters were struck to fund the war against in Gaul. The blank is often ascribed to a need for speed in striking this emergency war coinage. There are, however, more than a few other similar uniface coin types and one blank side would do little to speed up the mint. More likely, they just found one plain side and one detailed side "nice enough." This is often found in Britain, many of which may have been carried there by mercenaries retreating after Caesar's victories.SH85134. Gold , 241, 16, 52-1, 289, 8710, 11, EF, light scratches, 6.084 g, maximum 17.4 mm, plain bulge; disjointed "Celticized" horse right, crescents and pellets around; ex Coins of Antiquity (Hillsborough, NC); $750.00 (€667.50)
, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Amphipolis,
was the wife of , married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of . died in 129 A.D.SH79967. Bronze AE 24, III 645, 1170, 980, -, -, -, -, F, green , pitting, 9.487 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 105 - 129 A.D.; CEBACTH ΠΛWTEINA, draped right; AMΦIΠOΛTWN, seated left, in right hand; very ; $630.00 (€560.70)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of , an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."SH73695. Bronze , 1032(c) (S), 32, 61, 1877 var. (diadem vice ), 3937, aVF, excellent portrait, , green , marks and scratches, some corrosion, 23.691 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 180o, mint, c. 135 A.D.; HADRIANI , draped right, wearing of grain, hair in long plait falling down back of neck and above in front; , Pudicitia seated left on high-backed throne, veiled and draped, feet on footstool, right hand on breast (raising to lips), left hand in lap, S C ( ) in ; old anonymous dealer or collector tag in Italian; ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
(Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named , would decide. Each of the three finalists offered a bribe. promised he would rule the world. said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the of Sparta. awarded the golden to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.SH73705. , AP1388b; AP2147; p. 300, 30; 268; 4720, VF, nice , , , 24.039 g, maximum 35.1 mm, 180o, mint, struck under , 148 - 152 A.D.; FAVSTINAE AVG , draped right with bare, hair waved and coiled tied with double band of pearls on back of ; , standing half left, in right hand, grounded rudder in left hand, coiled around rudder, low across ; $490.00 (€436.10)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $400.00 (€356.00)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
In Roman religion, was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a (sacrificial ), a (symbol of prosperity), or a (symbol of peace).RB26685. , AP1368, AP2198, 50, 22, 4710, VF, 19.689 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, mint, struck under , 157 - 161 A.D.; FAVSTINA , draped right, hair wavy and drawn back into at back; (daughter of the pius emperor), standing left, in extended right, in left hand, across below center; $360.00 (€320.40)
Odessos, , c. 125 - 70 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Odessus surrendered to Alexander the Great in 335 B.C. Rule passed to his diadochus , but in coalition with other Pontic cities and the Getae, Odessus rebelled in 313 B.C. After Lysimachus' death in 281, the city reverted to striking in the types and name of Alexander the Great and continued to strike Alexandrine tetradrachms until at least 70 B.C.SH63508. Silver , 1179, VF, , 15.721 g, maximum 29.8 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 70 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, in right, long in left hand, ∆H under arm, below throne; $360.00 (€320.40)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of , Amphipolis,
was the wife of , married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of . died in 129 A.D.
RP83496. Bronze AE 25, III 655 (8 spec.); p. 56, 103; 3186 (R5); 1171; 987; -; -; -, VF, green , , some corrosion and scratches, off center, , 12.382 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.; CABEINA CEBACTH, draped right wearing , pellet within crescent with horns up left below chin; AMΦIΠOΛTWN, seated left on high back throne, wearing turreted crown, in right hand; ; $290.00 (€258.10)
, Augusta July or August 219 - about September 220 A.D., First Wife of
In 219, arranged for her grandson to marry . The wedding was a lavish ceremony and Paula was given the honorific title of Augusta. In 220, he divorced her and married , a Virgin.RS79622. Silver , 172, 6a, 211, 1, 7655, VF, nice portrait, excellent centering, frosty surfaces, 3.077 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, mint, 219 - 220 A.D.; IVLIA PAVLA AVG, bare-headed, draped right; (harmony), seated left, in right hand, left elbow resting on arm of throne, in left ; ; $260.00 (€231.40)
, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . The wreaths refer to the games sponsored by each of the two cities, the ΠYΘIA games held by , and the XPVCANΘINA games held by Sardes.RP77256. Bronze AE 25, , V, 838 (Vs. A/Rs. 11); cf. 976; p. 260, 175, F, 7.301 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Feb 244 - End Sep 249 A.D.; M ΩT CEVHPA, draped right, wearing , hair in horizontal ridges, plait up the back of ; ΠOΛEITΩN K CAP∆,IANΩN NEΩ/KOPΩN (ending in two lines in ), two wreaths side by side with inscriptions within, left XPV/CAN, right ΠVΘ/IA, OMONOI/A in the above; very ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, Bar Kochba Revolt, 132 - 135 A.D.
In 134, the Romans captured Jerusalem. Simon bar Kokhba was killed in 135, at Betar, a fortress where he had taken refuge. Jerusalem, largely destroyed, was renamed . VI Ferrata rebuilt the legionary fortress in the city and constructed a Roman temple at Golgotha. An to was erected on the site of the Temple in Jerusalem. Although, resistance continued in Galilee, the Jewish diaspora began as Emperor barred Jews from Jerusalem and had survivors of the massacre dispersed across the Roman Empire. Many were sold into slavery. The Jews remained scattered without a homeland for close to two millennia.
JD84994. Bronze AE 26, 77; 530; p. 307, 38; 1408a; 259b, F, , small edge crack, porous, 7.954 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 180o, year 2 (133 - 134 A.D.); seven branched tree with two bunches of dates, : "Shimon" flanking trunk; : "Year 2 of the freedom of Israel", five-lobed vine-leaf, hanging from tendril; $250.00 (€222.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, VII Thea , 51 - 30 B.C.
VII originally shared power with her father Ptolemy XII and later with her brother-husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV. Her relationship with led to sole rule. After Caesar's assassination, she aligned with . Her reign marks the end of the Hellenistic Era and the beginning of the Roman Era. She was the last Pharaoh of Ancient .
GI85343. Bronze , 1872; 184; 422; p. 123, 5; 383; 949, aF, bumps, scratches, corrosion, , 8.383 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, mint, 51 - 30 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, characteristic melon coif; KΛEOΠATPAΣ BACIΛICCHC, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, left, left, M (40 drachms = ) right; $250.00 (€222.50)
of Chalkis, Coele , Lysanias, 40 - 36 B.C.
Lysanias is called Tetrarch of by Josephus. Lysanias' father Ptolemaios was married to Alexandra, Mattathias Antigonus' sister. Lysanias offered the Parthian Barzapharnes a thousand talents and 500 women to depose Hyrcanus and put his uncle (or step-uncle) on the throne of (Josephus B.J. 1.248). When Lysanias continued to support against the Roman nominee Herod the Great, had him executed, and gave his territory to VII.
GB90942. Bronze AE 19, 11.g, 4769, 145 , 1243, -, VF, 3.505 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libano mint, c. 40 B.C.; veiled female right, no ; double , flanked by four ligatures ΛYCA, TETP, APX, IΦ (Lysanias tetrarch and high priest); very ; $240.00 (€213.60)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
( to the Romans) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian of Greek mythology and religion. Hera's mother is Rhea and her father Cronus. Her chief function was as the goddess of women and marriage. The cow, and the were considered sacred to her. Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the . was known for her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus' lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her. earned Hera's hatred by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess.RB79848. , C585, C208, , 90, 7114, F, scratches, areas of corrosion, 21.909 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 180o, mint, 211 - 217 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped right, wearing ; , standing slightly left, veiled left, in right hand, long vertical in left hand, at feet on left standing left, ( ) flanking across below center; ; $230.00 (€204.70)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Ceres' known mythology is indistinguishable from Demeter's. Her virgin daughter ( ) was abducted by Hades to be his wife in the underworld. searched for her endlessly lighting her way through the earth with torches. While (Demeter) searched, she was preoccupied with her loss and her grief. The halted; living things ceased their growth, then began to die. Some say that in her anger she laid a curse on the world that caused plants to wither and die, and the land to become desolate. Faced with the extinction of all life on earth, Zeus sent his messenger to the underworld to bring back. However, because she had eaten while in the underworld, Hades had a claim on her. Therefore, it was decreed that she would spend four months each year in the underworld. During these months grieves for her daughter's absence, withdrawing her gifts from the world, creating winter. Proserpina's return brings the spring.SH77274. Silver , 69a (R); 859; p. 356, - (*ref. pl. 2, 13); 409 var. ( at feet); -; -, F, dark , scratches, edge cracks, 3.172 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, mint, 128 A.D.; HADRIANI , diademed and draped right, wearing , hair in a plaited on crown of ; seated left on basket, two stalks of grain and poppy in right hand, lit torch in left hand, S•C in ; extremely ; $225.00 (€200.25)
, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of
was originally a household spirit. Later she was personified as the goddess of the hearth and given the stature of her Greek equivalent, Hestia. In the temple of her flame was kept alive by Virgins.RB79847. , MA1178, MA1779, 94 (torch for ), 5510, -, aVF, , corrosion, 24.955 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 180o, mint, 164 - 166 A.D.; LVCILLAE AVG - ANTONINI , Draped right, hair waved and in a lown on back of ; , standing left, flaming column alter at feet on left, in right hand, in left hand sloped at shoulder in left, ( ) flanking across lower half of ; $220.00 (€195.80)
and , 62 - 65 A.D., Thyatira,
was renowned for her beauty and voluptuous extravagance. In 62 A.D., divorced his wife to marry . According to , married only to get close to and then, in turn, became Nero's favorite mistress, and then wife. She bore one daughter, Augusta, born 21 January 63, who died at only four months of age. At the birth of , honored mother and child with the title of Augusta. According to Suetonius, one day in the summer of 65, quarreled fiercely with over his spending too much time at the races. She was pregnant with her second child. In a fit of rage, kicked her in the abdomen, killing her.RP84927. Bronze AE 19, 2383 (6 spec.); p. 302, 65; 6932, -; -, aVF, dark green , a little rough, 4.666 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Thyatira (Akhisar, Turkey) mint, c. 62 A.D.; NERΩN KΛAY∆IOC , laureate of right; ΠOΠΠAIAN CEBACTHN ΘYATIPHNOI, draped of right; ; $220.00 (€195.80)
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