, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
II was daughter, wife and mother of emperors and empresses. When she gave birth to the first of many children she was given the title of Augusta, which for a time made her superior in rank to her husband. She was a devoted wife and mother, and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns.SH77013. , MA1697 var. (throne without canopy, and S C across ), MA1568 var. (same), 54-6a, 7, VF, dark green with touches of red, 23.644 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 30o, Rome mint, struck under , c. 175 - 176 A.D.; , draped right; , seated left on throne with canopy, holding , between two female attendants (carrying her throne?) with veils flying above their heads, S C in ; ex XIX, lot 578; ex A.K. Collection; ex 164 (Nov 1975), lot 1141; very variety; $2000.00 (1780.00)
, Sister of , Mother of , Augusta 105 - c. 113 A.D.
, the eldest sister of the emperor , and mother of , was an accomplished woman. She lost her husband before her brother became emperor, and lived as a widow with Trajan's wife, , to whom she was united by the tenderest and most uninterrupted friendship. She an were awarded the title Augusta at the same time in 105. died c. 112 - 114 and received the honors of consecretation.
SH79820. Silver , 650, 743, 758, 4, 719, VF, excellent portrait, , centered on a , 3.115 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 90o, Rome mint, struck under her brother , c. 112 - 114 A.D.; - , draped right, wearing and elaborate hairstyle; , , with spread wings, standing left, right; to date, after nearly two decades in business, this is the only coin of handled by ; very ; $1620.00 (1441.80)
Carthaginians in , 300 - 289 B.C.
At the height of its prominence, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Rivalry with Rome led to a series of conflicts, the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population.
SL84036. Silver , 394 (O120/R322); 91; 983; 6438; 295, NGC VF, strike 4/5, surface 5/5 (3819620-001), 17.03 g, maximum 23 mm, 225o, Sicilian mint, 300 - 289 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in lion's scalp; horse's left, tree behind, Punic MHSBM (paymasters) below; NGC certified (slabbed); $1260.00 (1121.40)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of , an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."SH73695. Bronze , 1032(c) (S), 32, 61, 1877 var. (diadem vice ), 3937, aVF, excellent portrait, , green , marks and scratches, some corrosion, 23.691 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 135 A.D.; HADRIANI AVG P P, draped right, wearing of grain, hair in long plait falling down back of neck and above in front; , Pudicitia seated left on high-backed throne, veiled and draped, feet on footstool, right hand on breast (raising to lips), left hand in lap, S C in ; old anonymous dealer or collector tag in Italian; ; $670.00 (596.30)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
(Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named , would decide. Each of the three finalists offered a bribe. promised he would rule the world. said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the of Sparta. awarded the golden to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.SH73705. , AP1388b; AP2147; p. 300, 30; 268; 4720, VF, nice , , , 24.039 g, maximum 35.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, struck under , 148 - 152 A.D.; FAVSTINAE AVG , draped right with bare, hair waived and coiled tied with double band of pearls on back of ; , standing half left, in right hand, grounded rudder in left hand, coiled around rudder, low across ; $550.00 (489.50)
and , 24 January 41 - 48 A.D., Knossos,
was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of and . They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while was away in , even though she was married to the emperor, married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and driven to suicide.SH74280. Bronze AE 20, 1001 (rev ending ) or 1002, 214 ( ) or 212, -, -, aVF, crowded , 4.393 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 180o, Knossos mint, Cytherus und Capito, 41 A.D.; TI CLAVDIVS AVG , of left; [CAPITONE CYTHERONTE ] or [CYTHERO CAPITONE] (end of off ), draped of right; extremely ; $480.00 (427.20)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (409.40)
Odessos, , c. 125 - 70 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Odessus surrendered to Alexander the Great in 335 B.C. Rule passed to his diadochus , but in coalition with other Pontic cities and the Getae, Odessus rebelled in 313 B.C. After Lysimachus' death in 281, the city reverted to striking in the types and name of Alexander the Great and continued to strike Alexandrine tetradrachms until at least 70 B.C.SH63508. Silver , 1179, VF, , 15.721 g, maximum 29.8 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 70 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, in right, long vertical in left, ∆H under arm, below throne; $450.00 (400.50)
, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of
was the chief female divinity in the Roman . She was the wife of and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as , and , but here she is depicted as , "Juno the Queen." is usually shown holding a , or a statuette of , and is often accompanied by a .SH77007. Silver , 772, 41, 339, 35, 5487, gVF, , , on a , small flaw on neck, 3.350 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 166 - 169 A.D.; LVCILLA , draped right; , standing left, in right hand, long in left hand, at feet left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ex & Sear, Manhattan Sale II (4 Jan 2011), lot 263; ex Classical Numismatic Auctions XX (25 Mar 1992), lot 762; $450.00 (400.50)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
In Roman religion, was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a (sacrificial ), a (symbol of prosperity), or a (symbol of peace).RB26685. , AP1368, AP2198, 50, 22, 4710, VF, 19.689 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, struck under , 157 - 161 A.D.; FAVSTINA , draped right, hair wavy and drawn back into at back; , standing left, in extended right, in left hand, across below center; $400.00 (356.00)
, Augusta 50 - March 59 A.D., ,
was an important and wealthy trade center in ancient that retained its importance until late times. In 17 A.D., the city suffered greatly in an earthquake. After aided in rebuilding, it took the new name of Neocaesarea. Under , it was titled . Saint Paul and Saint John the Theologian, visited, and established the first Christian churches. St. Ignatius of Antioch visited on his trip to his martyrdom in Rome. is among the Seven Churches named in John's Book of Revelation. But in the 6th century, paganism held on in the of a Christianizing Empire, and the city became known as "little Athens" for its dedication to deities. Today the modern city is called Alasehir.RP76961. Bronze AE 15, 3042; p. 196, 59; 375; -, VF, and struck, nice with highlighting earthen fill, 3.923 g, maximum 15.1 mm, 90o, (Alasehir, Turkey) mint, magistrate Ti. Neikanor, c. 54 - 59 A.D.; AΓPIΠΠINA ΣEBAΣTH, draped right, hair in long plait down back of neck and looped at end, long loosely curled lock down side of neck; overflowing with fruit and grain, ΦIΛA−∆EΛΦE/ΩN N−EIKA/NΩ−P across in three divided lines; ex Pecunem, Gitbud & Naumann auction 34 (2 Aug 2015), lot 696; $400.00 (356.00)
, Augusta c. 79 - 89 A.D.
was the daughter of the emperor , and although married, she had an affair with her uncle . In 83 A.D., divorced his wife and lived openly with her. It has been said that she died because forced her to have an abortion but modern research indicates this allegation is false.SH72986. Silver , 14; 141; , 1, 56; p. 275, 1; 106; 2612, F, slightly , 3.030 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 79 - 81 A.D.; IVLIA TITI , diademed and draped right, hair in a long plait in back; , standing right, viewed from behind, nude to the hips, right knee bent, leaning with left elbow and forearm on column, transverse spear on far side in left hand, raising up helmet in right hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection collection, ex Zuzim (2012); only the second example of this handled by ; ; $340.00 (302.60)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
Livia was the wife of , mother of , paternal grandmother of , paternal great-grandmother of , and maternal great-great-grandmother of . Livia and remained married for 51 years. They had no children. Livia always enjoyed the status of privileged counselor to her husband, petitioning him on the behalf of others and influencing his policies, an unusual role for a Roman wife. Living very simply and frugally, Livia set an example of Roman virtue which made her quite popular with the people. According to some ancient historians, however, Livia poisoned Augustus' potential heirs and then himself to make her son emperor. When he was emperor, and Livia, had a falling out. On her death in 29 A.D., he did not see fit to have her consecrated. When came to power, he argued that every God needed a consort (referring to the deified ). The Senate accepted this logic, and she was declared a goddess.SH72998. Silver , 14 (R2), 167, 43, 8, -, -, aVF, light corrosion, cleaning scratches, 2.996 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 180o, mint, Apr - Aug 68 A.D.; IMP , laureate right, globe behind the point of neck; , Livia standing slightly left, left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very ; $340.00 (302.60)
of Chalkis, Coele , Lysanias, 40 - 36 B.C.
Lysanias is called Tetrarch of by Josephus. Lysanias' father Ptolemaios was married to Alexandra, Mattathias Antigonus' sister. Lysanias offered the Parthian Barzapharnes a thousand talents and 500 women to depose Hyrcanus and put his uncle (or step-uncle) on the throne of (Josephus B.J. 1.248). When Lysanias continued to support against the Roman nominee Herod the Great, had him executed, and gave his territory to VII.GB90942. Bronze AE 19, 11.g, 4769, 145 , 1243, -, VF, 3.505 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Chalkis sub Libano mint, c. 40 B.C.; veiled female right, no ; double , flanked by four ligatures ΛYCA, TETP, APX, IΦ (Lysanias tetrarch and high priest); very ; $310.00 (275.90)
, Seleukos, in Babylon, 311 - 306 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck in the name of Alexander, this coin also bears the personal badge of Seleukos, an . Seleukos was first appointed in in 320 B.C. but was put to flight by in 315. He returned in 311 only to be forced to evacuate later that year by a counterattack by Antigonus' son, Demetrius. Not long after, however, Seleukos again recovered the city.SH60135. Silver , I 293, 3449 (Marthus), 1512, aVF/F, 16.601 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 225o, uncertain mint, c. 311 - 305 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, flukes up flanked by ∆ - I in left , under throne; $290.00 (258.10)
, Augusta July or August 219 - about September 220 A.D., First Wife of
In 219, arranged for her grandson to marry . The wedding was a lavish ceremony and Paula was given the honorific title of Augusta. In 220, he divorced her and married , a Virgin.RS79622. Silver , 172, 6a, 211, 1, 7655, VF, nice portrait, excellent centering, frosty surfaces, 3.077 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 219 - 220 A.D.; IVLIA PAVLA AVG, bare-headed, draped right; , seated left, in right hand, left elbow resting on arm of throne, in left ; ; $290.00 (258.10)
, Augusta, 2nd Wife of , Grandmother of Caesars and Emperors
This is apparently unpublished with the in the right . The is normally in the left . We were unable to find another example of this variant online. It is, perhaps, unique.RL79444. reduced , Unpublished with right; Trier 43 (S) var. ( left), 17499 var. ( left), I 105, 5, -, EF, on a , some die wear, light marks, porous, 1.589 g, maximum 15.0 mm, 0o, 2nd , (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, draped right, elaborate hairstyle, pearl necklace; ROMANA, standing facing, right, holding infant at her breast, TRS in ; of greatest rarity; $280.00 (249.20)
Parthian Kingdom, Gotarzes II, 40 - 51 A.D.
Gotarzes II ruled as the Parthian intermittently between 40 and 51 A.D. When his brother Vardanes I succeeded to throne, Gotarzes II rebelled. He went to Hyrcania and gathered an army from Dahae nomads. War between the two kings was ended by a treaty. Gotarzes II returned to Hyrcania, but when Vardanes I was killed in about 47, Gotarzes II was acknowledged as of the whole empire. He then added to his coins the usual Parthian titles, of kings Arsaces the benefactor, the just, the illustrious ( ), and the friend of the Hellenes (Philhellenes). Gotarzes II was detested for his cruelty. Among many other murders he even slew his brother Artabanus and his whole family. His cruelty prompted a request to the Roman emperor to release from Rome an Arsacid prince, Meherdates, who lived there as a hostage. Meherdates crossed the Euphrates in 49, but was beaten and taken prisoner by Gotarzes II, who cut off his ears. Soon afterwards Gotarzes II died, according to of an illness; Josephus says that he was murdered. His last coin is dated from June 51. .SL70892. Silver , 65.14, 631, -, -, NGC , Strike 4/5, Surface 4/5 (2490208-002), 14.49 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 45o, Seleukeia mint, May 46 A.D.; bearded, diademed and left; BACIΛEWC BACIΛEWN APCAKOY EYEPΓATO ∆IKAIOY EΠIΦANOY ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ, enthroned left, receiving from standing left holding , HNT ( year 358) above, ∆AIΣIOΣ (Parthian month = May) below; ex (2014), ex Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex CNG auction 317, lot 140; $270.00 (240.30)
and , 62 - 65 A.D., ,
was renowned for her beauty and voluptuous extravagance. divorced his first wife to marry her in 62 A.D. Three years later, in a fit of anger, kicked her in the abdomen. Pregnant, she died from her injuries.RP79843. Bronze AE 27, 3562, 2400, 6117, 662, gF, nice , legends not full struck, adjustment marks on the , small , 13.988 g, maximum 27.1 mm, 0o, (?) mint, 62 - 65 A.D.; NEPΩNOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate of right; ΠOΠΠIAΣ ΣEBAΣTHΣ, draped of right; $260.00 (231.40)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
( to the Romans) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian of Greek mythology and religion. Hera's mother is Rhea and her father Cronus. Her chief function was as the goddess of women and marriage. The cow, and the were considered sacred to her. Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the . was known for her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus' lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her. earned Hera's hatred by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess.RB79848. , C585, C208, , 90, 7114, F, scratches, areas of corrosion, 21.909 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 211 - 217 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped right, wearing ; , standing slightly left, veiled left, in right hand, long vertical in left hand, at feet on left standing left, flanking across below center; ; $260.00 (231.40)
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