Roman Republic, L. Marcius Censorinus, 82 B.C.
The moneyer selected the design to play on his name, sounds like Marcius.
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.SH73011. Silver , 281, 737, 363/1, 24, VF, nice , attractive iridescent , 3.650 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 45o, Rome mint, 82 B.C.; laureate of right; the satyr standing left with wine skin over shoulder, L· before, a column topped with behind; ; $300.00 (€264.00)
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, , 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of by Illyrians. When he was and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH64053. Silver tetrobol, group D, 38 (same dies); pl. 313, 10; -; -; -, VF, 2.043 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate of left; XAΛKI∆EΩN, with eight strings, squared around, all within a shallow square; ; $270.00 (€237.60)
Kingdom of , Prusias II , 185 - 149 B.C.
Prusias II, son of Prusias I, inherited his father's name but not his character. He first joined with Eumenes of in war against , but later turned on and invaded. He was defeated and demanded heavy reparations. Prusias sent his son Nicomedes II to Rome to ask for aid in reducing the payments. When Nicomedes revolted, Prusias II was murdered in the temple of Zeus at Nikomedia.SH71012. Bronze AE 21, 636; 26; p. 211, 12; 256 var ( ); 629; 7266, VF, adjustment marks, 5.468 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 45o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 180 - 150 B.C.; of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY, standing right, playing , his cloak floating behind, ΠM inner right under raised foreleg; $250.00 (€220.00)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.SH75320. Silver , P43, P50, 938, aEF, some die wear, 4.238 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 0o, , Kolophon mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; ex (2005); $225.00 (€198.00)
, , Italy, 250 - 225 B.C.
Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the in the second millennium B.C. The city was refounded as in the sixth century B.C. and became a lynchpin of Magna , playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society and becoming a cultural center of the Roman Republic. During the Samnite Wars, the city, now a bustling center of trade, was captured by the Samnites; however, the Romans soon took the city and made it a Roman colony. During the Punic Wars, when this coin was struck, the strong walls surrounding repelled the forces of the Carthaginian general Hannibal.GI69729. Bronze AE 19, 524; 542; 730; , p. 116, 242; 592, F, glossy near black , , some corrosion and encrustations, 6.083 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 270o, (Naples, Italy) mint, 250 - 225 B.C.; laureate of left with long hair, helmet with cheek pieces (control symbol) behind; , on left, leaning against , on right, NEOΠOΛITΩN above ornamented trident left and PO in ; from the Butte College Foundation; ex ; $140.00 (€123.20)
Kolophon, , 330 - 285 B.C.
Colophon was destroyed by c. 285 B.C., after which Colophon failed to recover and lost its importance. The name was actually transferred to the village of Notium.GB59094. Bronze AE 18, 140A-C; 1498; -; -; -; -; -; -, VF, nice , 4.8191 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 315o, Kolophon mint, magistrate Telegonos, 330 - 285 B.C.; laureate of right; KOΛ, horseman prancing right, flying behind, spear in right hand, upper left, magistrate's name THΛEΓONOΣ below; with this magistrate; $135.00 (€118.80)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Tarsus,
The AMKΓB is a boast of Tarsos: Πρωτη Mεγιστη Kαλλιστη, First (A is the Greek numeral one), Greatest, and Most Beautiful of the three (adjoining) provinces ( , Isauria, ). With a history going back over 6,000 years, Tarsus has long been an important stop for traders and a focal point of many civilizations. During the Roman Empire, Tarsus was the capital of the province of , the scene of the first meeting between and , and the birthplace of Paul the Apostle.RP72149. Bronze AE 34, 1162 (same dies), -, -, -, -, F, green , corrosion, adjustment marks, 20.274 g, maximum 34.0 mm, 0o, Tarsus, mint, 249 - 251; AY KAI Γ MEΣ KYIN ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC Π Π, , draped and right, from behind; TAPCOY MHTPOΠOΛEΩC, standing facing with legs crossed, left, nude, laurel branch downward in right, leaning with left forearm resting on sitting on a column base, A M K − Γ B in two columns in fields; big 34mm bronze!; very ; $125.00 (€110.00)
, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Kolophon,
The Clarian sanctuary lies in a small valley between Colophon and its harbor city Notium, and was surrounded by a sacred , as were the shrines of and Gryneum and many other temples of and his son . The priest of Klarion would drink water before giving oracles. Pliny insisted that the Clarian water, while it inspired the priest, also shortened his life. Christian writers would later cite Klarios in a collection of pagan arguments for monotheism. When asked, "What is God?," he answered in a long hexametrical text which begins: "Born from itself, teacherless, motherless, unshakable, not giving in to one name, but having many, living in fire: this is god, and we, his messengers (angeloi) are a tiny bit of God." -- by Fritz GrafRP72150. Bronze AE 30, 252; , p. 44, 57 - 58; -; -; -; -, aF, , green , porous, pitted, 9.256 g, maximum 29.7 mm, 180o, Kolophon, mint, as , 249 - early 251 AD; KV EP ETP ME ∆EKIOC KAI, bare-headed, draped and right, from front; EΠI CTPA ΦΛ AΓAΘOKΛEOVC KOΛOΦO,NIΩN (ΠI and TP , ending in ), Klarios seated left, laureate, nude to waist, around waist and legs, left leg drawn back, laurel branch downward in right hand, resting on seat behind held with left; very ; $100.00 (€88.00)
, Coele-Syria, c. 198 A.D.
conferred the Jus Italicum upon (Baalbek, Lebanon) in 193, for supporting him against . Prior to that had been of the territory of (Beirut) on the Phoenician coast since 15 B.C. This of this coin is copied from a coin of .
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.RP73451. Bronze AE 13, 261 (D48/R100), 2156, -, -, -, VF, 1.988 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 90o, mint, c. 198 A.D.; right, wineskin over shoulder, C - HE ( ), of dots; COL / HEL in two lines at center within wreath, of dots; ; $90.00 (€79.20)
, , 114 - 117 A.D.
While playing the flute saw her reflection in water, and disturbed by how her cheeks looked, puffed up while playing, threw away the instrument in disgust. The satyr picked up the flute and since it had once been inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully on its own accord. Elated by his success, challenged to a musical contest. For the prize, the could do what he pleased with the vanquished. The Muses were the umpires. played the and the flute. Only after added his voice to the music of his was the contest decided in his favor. As a just punishment for the presumption of , bound him to a tree and flayed him alive. His blood was the source of the river , and hung up his skin, like a wine bag, in the cave out of which that river flows.GB73087. Bronze AE 12, 786 ff.; 89; p. 56, 1 ff.; -, VF, 1.892 g, maximum 12.3 mm, 180o, (Beirut, Lebanon) mint, 114 - 117 A.D.; advancing left, carrying wine skin over shoulder, CO-L divided across ; forepart of galley right, BER above; $80.00 (€70.40)
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