Roman Republic, L. Marcius Censorinus, 82 B.C.
The moneyer selected the design to play on his name, sounds like Marcius.
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.SH73011. Silver , 281, 737, 363/1, 24, VF, nice , attractive iridescent , 3.650 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 45o, Rome mint, 82 B.C.; laureate head of right; the satyr standing left with wine skin over shoulder, L· before, a column topped with behind; ; $380.00 (€330.60)
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, , 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of by Illyrians. When he was and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH64053. Silver tetrobol, group D, 38 (same dies); pl. 313, 10; -; -; -, VF, 2.043 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate head of left; XAΛKI∆EΩN, with eight strings, squared around, all within a shallow square; ; $310.00 (€269.70)
Kingdom of , Prusias II , 185 - 149 B.C.
Prusias II, son of Prusias I, inherited his father's name but not his character. He first joined with Eumenes of in war against , but later turned on and invaded. He was defeated and demanded heavy reparations. Prusias sent his son Nicomedes II to Rome to ask for aid in reducing the payments. When Nicomedes revolted, Prusias II was murdered in the temple of Zeus at Nikomedia.SH71012. Bronze AE 21, 636; 26; p. 211, 12; 256 var ( ); 629; 7266, VF, adjustment marks, 5.468 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 45o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 180 - 150 B.C.; head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY, standing right, playing , his cloak floating behind, ΠM inner right under raised foreleg; $280.00 (€243.60)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., ,
RP66884. Bronze AE 26, cf. 3757 (R4), p. 95, 46; 35; 660; 287 ( obscure); 39 (laureate); -, VF, 10.082 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 135o, mint, IMP C M ANT GORDIANVS, , draped and right, from behind; COL IVL AVS PGLLA (sic, error not in refs), Pan seated left, on a rock, right arm over head, left elbow resting on ; ex Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung auction 208, lot 1783; $195.00 (€169.65)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
claims fiddled while Rome burned. While this rumor is probably not true, did sing and play the at other times. He even composed songs that were performed by entertainers across the empire. At first, only performed for private audiences, but in 64, when this coin was struck, he began singing in public in . craved the attention, but also he was encouraged to perform in public by the Senate, his inner and the people. Nero's famous dying words were "Qualis artifex pereo," which translates, "What an artist dies in me!"RB72098. as, 101, 416, 543, 376, 247, 1975, F, excellent portrait, porous, scrape, 10.108 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 225o, ( , France) mint, 65 A.D.; AVG , right, globe at point of neck; IMP P P, as Citharoedus, advancing right in flowing robes, singing and playing the , flanking across , I (mark of value) in ; ex Morton & Eden auction 59 (14 Nov 2012), of lot 873; ex Seaver Collection; $180.00 (€156.60)
Kolophon, , c. 375 - 360 B.C.
The ( ) was an ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the , a simpler two-stringed folk-instrument, but with seven strings and a flat back. A symbol of , credited with inventing it, the Kithara's origins were likely Asiatic. The was primarily used by professional musicians, called kitharodes. In modern Greek the word has come to mean "guitar."GS73924. Silver , 52b; p. 37, 11; 7907, -, VF/aVF, , scratches, corrosion, silver deposits, 1.003 g, maximum 10.5 mm, 0o, Kolophon mint, magistrate Hermonax, c. 375 - 360 B.C.; laureate head of left, short hair; KOΛOΦΩ upward on left, EPMΩNAΞ (magistrate's name) downward on right, ; $140.00 (€121.80)
Chalkidian League, Olynthos, , c. 432 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of by Illyrians. When he was and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH69954. Silver tetrobol, p. 68, 13; 537, 235; 266, 22, aVF, grainy, scratches, 2.146 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 315o, Olynthos mint, c. 432 - 348 B.C.; laureate head of right, of dots around; XAΛKIAEΩN (clockwise from upper left), ( ) with seven strings, all within ; $135.00 (€117.45)
Kolophon, , 330 - 285 B.C.
Colophon was destroyed by c. 285 B.C., after which Colophon failed to recover and lost its importance. The name was actually transferred to the village of Notium.GB59094. Bronze AE 18, 140A-C; 1498; -; -; -; -; -; -, VF, nice , 4.8191 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 315o, Kolophon mint, magistrate Telegonos, 330 - 285 B.C.; laureate head of right; KOΛ, horseman prancing right, flying behind, spear in right hand, upper left, magistrate's name THΛEΓONOΣ below; with this magistrate; $135.00 (€117.45)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Tarsus,
The AMKΓB is a boast of Tarsos: Πρωτη Mεγιστη Kαλλιστη, First (A is the Greek numeral one), Greatest, and Most Beautiful of the three (adjoining) provinces ( , Isauria, ). With a history going back over 6,000 years, Tarsus has long been an important stop for traders and a focal point of many civilizations. During the Roman Empire, Tarsus was the capital of the province of , the scene of the first meeting between and , and the birthplace of Paul the Apostle.RP72149. Bronze AE 34, 1162 (same dies), -, -, -, -, F, green , corrosion, adjustment marks, 20.274 g, maximum 34.0 mm, 0o, Tarsus, mint, 249 - 251; AY KAI Γ MEΣ KYIN ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC Π Π, , draped and right, from behind; TAPCOY MHTPOΠOΛEΩC, standing facing with legs crossed, head left, nude, laurel branch downward in right, leaning with left forearm resting on sitting on a column base, A M K − Γ B in two columns in fields; big 34mm bronze!; very ; $125.00 (€108.75)
, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Kolophon,
The Clarian sanctuary lies in a small valley between Colophon and its harbor city Notium, and was surrounded by a sacred , as were the shrines of and Gryneum and many other temples of and his son . The priest of Klarion would drink water before giving oracles. Pliny insisted that the Clarian water, while it inspired the priest, also shortened his life. Christian writers would later cite Klarios in a collection of pagan arguments for monotheism. When asked, "What is God?," he answered in a long hexametrical text which begins: "Born from itself, teacherless, motherless, unshakable, not giving in to one name, but having many, living in fire: this is god, and we, his messengers (angeloi) are a tiny bit of God." -- by Fritz GrafRP72150. Bronze AE 30, 252; , p. 44, 57 - 58; -; -; -; -, aF, , green , porous, pitted, 9.256 g, maximum 29.7 mm, 180o, Kolophon, mint, as , 249 - early 251 AD; KV EP ETP ME ∆EKIOC KAI, bare-headed, draped and right, from front; EΠI CTPA ΦΛ AΓAΘOKΛEOVC KOΛOΦO,NIΩN (ΠI and TP , ending in ), Klarios seated left, laureate, nude to waist, around waist and legs, left leg drawn back, laurel branch downward in right hand, resting on seat behind held with left; very ; $100.00 (€87.00)
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