Roman Republic, L. Marcius Censorinus, 82 B.C.
The moneyer selected the design to play on his name, sounds like Marcius.
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.SH73011. Silver , 281, 737, 363/1, 24, VF, nice , attractive , 3.650 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 45o, Rome mint, 82 B.C.; laureate of right; the satyr standing left with wine skin over shoulder, L· before, a column topped with behind; ; $270.00 (€240.30)
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, , 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of by Illyrians. When he was and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH64053. Silver tetrobol, group D, 38 (same dies); pl. 313, 10; -; -; -, VF, 2.043 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate of left; XAΛKI∆EΩN, with eight strings, squared around, all within a shallow square; ; $240.00 (€213.60)
Kingdom of , Prusias II , 185 - 149 B.C.
Prusias II, son of Prusias I, inherited his father's name but not his character. He first joined with Eumenes of in war against , but later turned on and invaded. He was defeated and demanded heavy reparations. Prusias sent his son Nicomedes II to Rome to ask for aid in reducing the payments. When Nicomedes revolted, Prusias II was murdered in the temple of Zeus at Nikomedia.SH71012. Bronze AE 21, 636; 26; p. 211, 12; 256 var. ( ); 629; 7266, VF, adjustment marks, 5.468 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 45o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 180 - 150 B.C.; of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY, standing right, playing , his cloak floating behind, ΠM inner right under raised foreleg; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
In 243, Timesitheus, Gordian's father-in-law and praetorian prefect became ill and died under suspicious circumstances. appointed Philip the Arab as his new praetorian prefect.RB76166. , 303a, 117, 262, 8732, VF, attractive green with red earthen fill, nice portrait, , light marks, small edge cracks, 17.522 g, maximum 30.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 4th issue, 242 - 243 A.D.; IMP GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped and right, from behind; V P P, enthroned left, laurel-branch in right hand, left forearm resting on on back of his seat, S C in ; $225.00 (€200.25)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., Struck in the Name of Philip
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.SH75320. Silver , P43, P50, 938, aEF, some die wear, 4.238 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 0o, , Kolophon mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; ex (2005); $200.00 (€178.00)
Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D., Antioch, , Civic Christian Persecution Issue
In 311, after the death of in late April or May, representatives from presented themselves before , bringing images of their gods and requested that Christians not be allowed to live in their city. Late in 311, an embassy from Antioch, led by their curator Theotecnus, also requested permission to banish Christians from their city and its territory. Other cities followed with the same request. support for Antioch's requests is advertised by this coin . Fearing his co-emperors, however, changed his mind. His edict in May 313 privileges and property to Christians. Later in 313, Licinius captured Antioch and executed Theotecnus.RY77124. quarter , 170(c), 3(a), 2954, 14927, VF, black desert with red earthen highlighting, 1.508 g, maximum 15.6 mm, 0o, 3rd , Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 312 A.D.; GENIO ANTIOCHENI, seated facing on , turreted and veiled, stalks of grain in right; upper body of river-god below, standing facing in waist deep water, arms outstretched; , standing facing, left, pouring libations from in right hand, in left hand, Γ right, SMA in ; $180.00 (€160.20)
Kolophon, , 330 - 285 B.C.
Colophon was destroyed by c. 285 B.C., after which Colophon failed to recover and lost its importance. The name was actually transferred to the village of Notium.GB59094. Bronze AE 18, 140A-C; 1498; -; -; -; -; -; -, VF, nice , 4.8191 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 315o, Kolophon mint, magistrate Telegonos, 330 - 285 B.C.; laureate of right; KOΛ, horseman prancing right, flying behind, spear in right hand, upper left, magistrate's name THΛEΓONOΣ below; with this magistrate; $120.00 (€106.80)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Tarsus,
The AMKΓB is a boast of Tarsos: Πρωτη Mεγιστη Kαλλιστη, First (A is the Greek numeral one), Greatest, and Most Beautiful of the three (adjoining) provinces ( , Isauria, ). With a history going back over 6,000 years, Tarsus has long been an important stop for traders and a focal point of many civilizations. During the Roman Empire, Tarsus was the capital of the province of , the scene of the first meeting between and , and the birthplace of Paul the Apostle.RP72149. Bronze AE 34, 1162 (same dies), -, -, -, -, F, green , corrosion, adjustment marks, 20.274 g, maximum 34.0 mm, 0o, Tarsus, mint, 249 - 251; AY KAI Γ MEΣ KYIN ∆EKIOC TPAIANOC Π Π, , draped and right, from behind; TAPCOY MHTPOΠOΛEΩC, standing facing with legs crossed, left, nude, laurel branch downward in right, leaning with left forearm resting on sitting on a column base, A M K − Γ B in two columns in fields; big 34mm bronze!; very ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
The Temple of Palatinus, on the Palatine , was dedicated by on 9 October 28 B.C. in return for vows made for his victories over Sextus at the Battle of Naulochus in 36 B.C. and over and at the Battle of 31 B.C. It was built on a site where a lightning bolt had struck. Augustus' private house was directly connected to the terrace of the sanctuary. Ancient sources state the temple had ivory doors and held numerous works of sculpture. The remains were excavated in the 1960s.RS76904. Silver , 25, 292, 218 (S), 53, 18 805, 5629, VF, uneven , , 3.020 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 0o, Rome mint, Dec 190 - Dec 191 A.D.; M P P, laureate right; APOL PAL XVI , Palatinus standing facing, right, laureate and wearing long robe, in right hand, resting on a column in left hand; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Kolophon,
The Clarian sanctuary lies in a small valley between Colophon and its harbor city Notium, and was surrounded by a sacred , as were the shrines of and Gryneum and many other temples of and his son . The priest of Klarion would drink water before giving oracles. Pliny insisted that the Clarian water, while it inspired the priest, also shortened his life. Christian writers would later cite Klarios in a collection of pagan arguments for monotheism. When asked, "What is God?," he answered in a long hexametrical text which begins: "Born from itself, teacherless, motherless, unshakable, not giving in to one name, but having many, living in fire: this is god, and we, his messengers (angeloi) are a tiny bit of God." -- by Fritz GrafRP72150. Bronze AE 30, 252; , p. 44, 57 - 58; -; -; -; -, aF, , green , porous, pitted, 9.256 g, maximum 29.7 mm, 180o, Kolophon, mint, as , 249 - early 251 AD; KV EP ETP ME ∆EKIOC KAI, bare-headed, draped and right, from front; EΠI CTPA ΦΛ AΓAΘOKΛEOVC KOΛOΦO,NIΩN (ΠI and TP , ending in ), Klarios seated left, laureate, nude to waist, around waist and legs, left leg drawn back, laurel branch downward in right hand, resting on seat behind held with left; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
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