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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Types>Music PAGE 1/212»»»

Music on Ancient Coins


Roman Republic, Marcus Junius Brutus and Q. Caepio, Spring - Summer 42 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Brutus is best known for his leading role in the assassination of Julius Caesar. In October 42 B.C. the Republican army was defeated by the legions Antony and Octavian at Philippi. Cassius and Brutus committed suicide. Brutus' body was brought to Antonius' camp, where he cast his purple paludamentum over his dead body and ordered an honorable funeral for his erstwhile comrade. The Republican cause was crushed; Rome rested in the hands of the Second Triumvirate.
SH70514. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1432, Crawford 501/1, Sydenham 1287, RSC I 5, BMCRR East 38, aEF, off center; military mint traveling with Brutus in Lycia, spring - summer 42 B.C., weight 3.833 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 90o, obverse LEIBERTAS, bare head of Libertas right; reverse CAEPIOBRVTVS•PRO•COS, lyre, plectrum on left, laurel-branch tied with a fillet on right; a budget example of an expensive type!; $400.00 (€300.00) ON RESERVE

Olynthos, Chalkidian League, Macedonia, 420 - 348 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of Macedonia temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of Macedonia by Illyrians. When he was restored and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by Philip II of Macedon in 348 B.C.
SH64053. Silver tetrobol, Robinson-Clement group D, 38 (same dies); Traité pl. 313, 10; SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; BMC -, VF, weight 2.044 g, maximum diameter 10.015.3 mm, die axis 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; obverse OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate head of Apollo left; reverse XAΛKI∆EΩN, kithara with eight strings, squared legend around, all within a shallow incuse square; scarce; $350.00 (€262.50)

Phokis, Greece, Federal Coinage, Magistrate Phayllos, 352 - 351 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Phocis was mainly pastoral. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodic synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a fair or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at Delphi during the Pythian festivals. The bull's head is perhaps symbolical of a special sacrifice held on behalf of the whole people, when a prize bull may have been the victim.
SH68678. Silver triobol, Williams Phokians 401 (O.266/R.233); SNG Cop 122 (same dies); BMC Central Greece 21, 78 ff.; BCD Phokis 311, VF, attractive style, toned, weight 2.614 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phokis mint, struck under Phayllos, 352 - 351 B.C.; obverse bull head facing; reverse laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind, Φ − Ω below, all within a round convex field; $350.00 (€262.50)

Roman Republic, P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus, 42 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin refers to the Sabine origin of the moneyer's family, worship of Diana was introduced into Rome by the Sabines.

Lucifer means lightbringer, from the Latin lux light and ferre to bear or bring. The word Lucifer is found in only one place in the Bible -- Isaiah 14:12 -- but only in the King James and related versions: How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! The King James Version is based on the Vulgate, the Latin translation of Jerome. Jerome translated the Hebrew helel (bright or brilliant one) as lucifer, which was a reasonable Latin equivalent. And yet it is this lucifer, the bright one or lightbearer, that came to be understood by so many as the name for Satan, Lord of Darkness. -- Sunrise magazine, October/November 1996.
RR63661. Silver denarius, SRCV I 492, RSC I Claudia 15, Sydenham 1117, Crawford 494/21, BMCRR 4287, aVF/F, weight 3.854 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 42 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind; reverse Diana Lucifera (the light bringer) standing right holding two long lit torches, M•F• left, P•CLODIVS right; $220.00 (€165.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Pella, Macedonia
Click for a larger photo
Pan is depicted in the pose of the life-size marble statue known as the Barberini Faun (Drunken Satyr) in the Glyptothek in Munich. A Faun is the Roman equivalent of a Greek Satyr. The position of the right arm over the head was a classical artistic convention indicating sleep. The statue is believed to have once adorned Hadrian's Mausoleum. The historian Procopius recorded that during the siege of Rome in 537 the defenders had hurled down upon the Goths the statues adorning Hadrian's Mausoleum. When discovered, the statue was heavily damaged; the right leg, parts of both hands, and parts of the head were missing. Johann Winckelmann speculated that the place of discovery and the statue's condition suggested that it had been such a projectile.Barberini Faun
RP66884. Bronze AE 26, cf. Varbanov III 3757 (R4), BMC Macedonia p. 95, 46; AMNG III 35; SNG Hunterian 660; SNG Cop 287 (bust obscure); SNG ANS 639 (laureate); Lindgren -, VF, weight 10.082 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 135o, Pella mint, obverse IMP C M ANT GORDIANVS, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL IVL AVS PGLLA (sic, error not in refs), Pan seated left, on a rock, right arm over head, left elbow resting on syrinx; ex Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung auction 208, lot 1783; $220.00 (€165.00)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 194, Septimius Severus Augustus and Clodius Albinus Caesar were the two Roman Consuls. Septimius Severus marched with his army of 12 legions to Cilicia and defeated Pescennius Niger, the governor of Syria, at Battle of Issus. Pescennius retreated to Antioch but was executed by Severus' troops. For siding with Niger, Septimius Severus besieged Byzantium from 194 until 196; the city walls suffered extensive damage.
RS67078. Silver denarius, RIC IV 345, BMCRE IV 320, RSC III 42a, VF, weight 3.420 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Alexandria mint, Feb 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right; reverse APOLLINI AVGVSTO, Apollo standing left, patera in right, lyre in left ; rare; $185.00 (€138.75)

Chalkidian League, Olynthos, Macedonia, c. 432 - 348 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of Macedonia temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of Macedonia by Illyrians. When he was restored and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by Philip II of Macedon in 348 B.C.
SH69954. Silver tetrobol, BMC Macedonia, 68, 13; SNG ANS 537, SNG Cop 235; SNG Dreer 266, SNG Berry 22, aVF, grainy, scratches, weight 2.146 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 315o, Olynthos mint, c. 432 - 348 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, circle of dots around; reverse XAΛKIAEΩN (clockwise from upper left), kithara (lyre) with seven strings, all within incuse; $150.00 (€112.50)

Kolophon, Ionia, 330 - 285 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Colophon was destroyed by Lysimachus c. 285 B.C., after which Colophon failed to recover and lost its importance. The name was actually transferred to the port village of Notium.
GB59094. Bronze AE 18, Milne Kolophon 140A-C; Waddington 1498; BMC Ionia -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG München -; SNG Tübingen -; SNG Keckman -, VF, nice patina, weight 4.8191 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 315o, Kolophon mint, magistrate Telegonos, 330 - 285 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse KOΛ, horseman prancing right, chlamys flying behind, spear in right, lyre upper left, magistrate's name THΛEΓONOΣ below; rare with this magistrate; $150.00 (€112.50)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Deultum, Thrace
Click for a larger photo Cybele, the Phrygian deification of the Earth Mother, was born a hermaphrodite but castrated by the gods, she became female. Heeding the Sibylline oracle, the senate brought her worship to Rome in 204 B.C. as the first officially sanctioned Eastern cult. After approval they were dismayed to learn that the priesthood required voluntary self-castration, which was abhorrent to the Romans. Romans were barred from entering the priesthood or even entering the priest's sanctuary. The eunuch priests, recruited from outside Rome, were confined to their sanctuary, leaving only to parade in the streets during festivals in April. Claudius removed the bans on Roman participation, making worship of Cybele and her consort Attis part of the state religion.
RP63225. Bronze AE 25, Draganov Deultum 958 (O102/R420), Jurukova Deultum 271, Varbanov II 2543 corr. (obv leg, R4), VF, weight 6.915 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 180o, Deultum mint, obverse IMP C GORDIANVS PIVS FE AVG (sic, AV ligate), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL FL PA-C DEVLT, Cybele seated left, kalathos on head, patera in right, transverse scepter in left, left arm resting on a tympanum, throne flanked by two lions reclining left; very rare; $135.00 (€101.25)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo The sistrum was a type of timbrel, or rattle, made of brass. It was oval, and its circumference perforated with several holes opposite each other, through which were inserted horizontally small metallic rods. Shaken in cadence it emitted a harsh sound. Isis is sometimes depicted holding a sistrum and it was carried by her priests.
RX58096. Bronze dichalkon, Dattari 1114, Kampmann-Ganschow 27.308, SRCV II 3319, Emmett 720, Geissen -, Milne -, SNG Cop -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 1.576 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 109 - 28 Aug 110 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse sistrum, L - IΓ (year 13) flanking in lower fields; very rare (Emmett R5); $110.00 (€82.50)



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Catalog current as of Thursday, April 17, 2014.
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