Julia Maesa ruled as regent for Severus Alexander until her death in 223 or 224. Upon her death power passed to Julia Mamaea, the young emperor's mother. Mamaea governed moderately, advised by a council of 16 distinguished senators. Rome had difficulty accepting rule by a woman. There were numerous plots and revolts, the last of which ended with the murder of the emperor and his mother.
RS90497. Silver denarius, RSC III 470, RIC IV 271, SRCV II 7918, BMCRE VI 1063 note, VF, well centered on a broad flan, some porosity, minor edge crack, weight 2.511 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 223 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reversePONTIF MAX TR P II COS II P P, Roma seated left on throne, Victory in extended right hand, reversed spear in left, shield rests on the ground beside the throne; scarce; $105.00 (€91.35)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Julia Domna was born in Emesa in 170 A.D. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa. Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshipped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Emesa was also the birthplace of three other Roman empresses, Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea and Julia Soaemias, and one emperor, Julia Domna's nephew, Elagabalus.
RS49580. Silver denarius, RIC IV 627 var (reverselegend), SRCV II 6591 var (same), F, weight 2.695 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverseLIBER AVG, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; very rare; $85.00 (€73.95)
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire, and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS41865. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8950, RIC IV 78, RSC IV 155, VF, horn silver, tight crack, weight 3.315 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseP M TR P VI COS P P, Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right, cornucopia in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; rare; $45.00 (€39.15)