<Please login or register to view your wish list!

MAIN MENU    RECENT ADDITIONS    PRICE REDUCTIONS
ROMAN    GREEK    JUDEAN & BIBLICAL    BYZANTINE
BOOKS & SUPPLIES    COLLECTING THEMES    ANTIQUITIES   

 

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Byzantine Coins
Byzantine Coins Showcase

Byzantine Gold (84)
Byzantine Rarities (32)
Anonymous Folles (1)
Anastasius I (4)
Justinian Dynasty (64)
Heraclean Dynasty (86)
Isaurian Dynasty (14)
Macedonian Dynasty (6)
Comnen Dynasty (10)
Dynasty of the Angeli
Latin Crusader Rule
Empire of Nicaea
Empire of Thessalonica
The Restored Empire (7)
Empire of Trebizond
Byzantine Mints (138)
Byzantine Specials
Byzantine Countermarked (2)
Byzantine Unattributed
Byzantine Bulk Lots (1)
Unofficial & Imitative (1)
Byzantine Antiquities (15)
Byzantine Seals (5)
Byzantine Coin Books (5)

Catalog Search
View Shopping Cart
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Contact Us
FAQ

Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>HeracleanDynasty>Heraclius PAGE 1/4123»»»

Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D.
Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In "Le trésor byzantine de Nikertai" in Revue Belge de Numismatique 118 (1972), Morrisson writes that this officina mark is horizontal, perpendicular to the rest of the legend, and indicates the 7th officina (a reversed Z, not an H). Hahn lists the Nikertai Hoard coin 146, described by Morrisson as 7th officina, as his only example from the H (8th) officina. The 8th officina probably did not strike this variant with an I in the right field. Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung Auction 196, lot 3100, was struck with the same dies in a similar state of wear.
SH69990. Gold solidus, Nikertai Hoard 146; Hahn MIB 13 (Z) and 14 (H); Sommer 11.10; SBCV 739; DOC II - (type 14, officina not listed); Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, VF, worn dies, weight 4.431 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 225o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIVS Et hERA CONSt PP A, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with cross on circlet, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Z (Z reversed), cross potent on three steps, I right, CONOB in ex; scarce; $650.00 SALE PRICE $585.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius Constantine, 11 January - 20 April 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Most references attribute this type to Heraclius; however, Hahn (MIB) convincingly argues that the K in the reverse right field refers to Heraclius Constantine. During his very short reign, he may have thought it prudent to maintain the same type struck by his father.
SH70074. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 66; Tolstoi 395; DOC II, part 1, 45a (not in the collection, refs BMC); SBCV 771; Sommer 11.36; Hahn MIB 52 (Heraclius Constantine), gVF, some luster, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.429 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 11 Jan - 20 Apr 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, K right, CONOB in ex; scarce; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 626, Constantinople was under siege by horde of about 80,000 Avars, Slavs, Bulgars, and other "barbarians" and a small Persian army allied with them. On 31 July, the barbarian and Persian allies launched an attack along the entire 5.7 kilometer length of the Theodosian Walls using the most current trebuchets, mobile armored shelters, and siege towers. On the walls, 12,000 well-trained Byzantine troops fought fiercely, holding off assault after assault. On 7 August the Persian fleet was destroyed while ferrying reinforcements. The Avars, having suffered terrible losses, and short of food and supplies, burned their siege engines and retreated to the Balkan Peninsula. Constantinople was saved.
SH70018. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 13d; Sommer 11.9.2; Tolstoi 138; Morrisson BnF 16; Hahn MIB 11; SBCV 738; Ratto -; Wroth BMC -, aEF, well centered, part of obverse legend unstruck, weight 4.337 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 613 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONST PP AVG, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with cross on circlet, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in ex, graffiti in fields; $580.00 SALE PRICE $522.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Ninth officina examples for this type are missing from Dumbarton Oaks, the British Museum, and the Bibliothèque Nationale, but we have handled a few examples.
SH70025. Gold solidus, Ratto 1364; DOC II 13h (not in the collection, refs Ratto); Hahn MIB 11; Sommer 11.9; SBCV 738; Tolstoi -; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, aEF, uneven strike with unstruck area, weight 4.280 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIVS ET hERA C[...], facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with cross on circlet, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGU Θ, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in ex; $580.00 SALE PRICE $522.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 639, the Islamic Rashidun army invaded Byzantine Egypt with 4,000 men. They captured the strategic town of Pelusium after a two-month siege. Reinforcements from Medina and Sinai Bedouin tribes increased the Arab force to 15,000 men. On 6 July 640, the Arab army surrounded and defeated a Byzantine army, and captured the city of Heliopolis. On 21 December 640, after a seven-month siege the Arabs captured the fortress at Babylon, Egypt. The Arabs laid siege to Alexandria in March 641. The city was heavily fortified with walls within walls, and forts within forts, was well supplied with provisions and food, and with direct access to the sea, men and supplies could be delivered at any time. It is said that Heraclius, the Byzantine emperor, collected a large army at Constantinople and intended to personally march at the head of these reinforcements to Alexandria. Before he could finalize the arrangements, he died. The troops mustered at Constantinople dispersed, no help came to Alexandria, and the city fell in September 641. Thousands of Byzantine soldiers were killed or taken captive while others managed to flee to Constantinople on ships that had been anchored in the port. Some wealthy traders also left. 'Amr is reported to have written to Caliph 'Umar: "We have conquered Alexandria. In this city there are 4,000 palaces, 400 places of entertainment, and untold wealth."
SH70050. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 43e; Wroth BMC 67; Tolstoi 396; Ratto 1490; Morrisson 70; Hahn MIB 50; SBCV 769, VF, weight 4.314 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu S, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in ex; $560.00 SALE PRICE $504.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In September 629, after 15 years of Persian occupation, Jerusalem was reconquered by the Byzantines. A new "Golden Age" began for the Byzantine Empire. On 14 September Heraclius entered Constantinople in triumph. In a ceremonial parade, accompanied by the True Cross, he was welcomed by the citizens and his son Heraclius Constantine.
SH70063. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 26a; Tolstoi 170; Hahn MIB 29; Sommer 11.19; SBCV 749; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, gVF, obverse a little off center, weight 4.396 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 629 - 631 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS et hERA CONSt pp AV, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with long beard and his son Heraclius Constantine, short beard, cross above; reverse VICTORIA AVGY A, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in ex; $560.00 SALE PRICE $504.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In April 637, Jerusalem became one of the Arab Caliphate's first conquests. The Rashidun Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab personally went to the city to receive its submission and prayed on the Temple Mount. Umar ibn al-Khattab also allowed the Jews back into the city and freedom to live and worship. Sixty years later the Dome of the Rock was built, a structure enshrining a stone from which Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven during the Isra. The oldest part of Jerusalem was settled in the 4th millennium B.C., making it one of the oldest cities in the world. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times.Dome of the Rock
SH69983. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 36g; SBCV 761; Sommer 11.26; Hahn MIB 42; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, graffiti, weight 4.391 g, maximum diameter 19.17 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 636 - 637; obverse Heraclius with his sons, all stand facing holding globus cruciger in right; Heraclius with mustache, long beard, and crown; Heraclius Constantine (on right) beardless wearing crown; Heraclonas (on left) wearing plain cap, cross above his head; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 SALE PRICE $495.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, Heraclius created a buffer zone or no man's land in the heartland of Asia Minor. In the mountainous terrain of Anatolia, the Byzantine forces used defensive guerrilla warfare, known as "shadowing warfare." They avoided battle with major Muslim invasions and instead attacked raiding parties on their return when laden with booty, captured livestock or prisoners.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia
SH69984. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 80; Hahn MIB 49; Tolstoi 418; DOC II part 1, 42d (not in the collection, refs BMC); Sommer 11.33; SBCV 768; Morrisson BnF -, aEF/VF, some luster, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.439 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, B right, CONOBΛ in ex; scarce; $550.00 SALE PRICE $495.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, An Islamic army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquering without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya. Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain. In autumn, Islamic forces under Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah stormed Caesarea Maritima, the capital of Byzantine Palestine.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia
SH69994. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 48; Sommer 11.32; SBCV 767; DOC II part 1, 41 var (officina not listed); Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, VF, graffiti on rev right (E), weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 SALE PRICE $495.00

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 11 February 641, Heraclius, age 65, after a 31-year reign, died of dropsy at Constantinople. During his reign, the Empire lost Armenia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and much of Mesopotamia to the Muslim Arabs. Heraclius was succeeded by his sons Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III) and Heraklonas.
SH70024. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 44a.1; Morrisson BnF 72; Hahn MIB 53; SBCV 770; Sommer 11.35; Wroth -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, tight flan, graffiti on obverse and reverse, weight 4.385 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown, chlamys, tablion ornamented with pellets, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, E right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 SALE PRICE $495.00



ITEMS PER PAGE 13510203050 PAGE 1/4123»»»

OUR FINEST COINS ARE LISTED FIRST. CLICK TO THE LAST PAGE FOR OUR BARGAINS.

CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


REFERENCES

Adelson, H. Light Weight Solidi and Byzantine Trade during the Sixth and Seventh Centuries. ANSNNM 138. (New York, 1957).
Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
Berk, H.J. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Carson, R.A.G., P.V. Hill & J.P.C. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection: Vol. 2, Part 1: Phocas and Heraclius 602-641. (Washington, D.C., 1968).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hahn, W. and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Insipient Byzantine Empire. (Vienna, 2000).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 27, 2014.
Page created in 2.23 seconds
Byzantine Coins of Heraclius