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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Heraclean Dynasty ▸ HeracliusView Options:  |  |  |   

Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D.
Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In "Le trésor byzantine de Nikertai" in Revue Belge de Numismatique 118 (1972), Morrisson writes that this officina mark is horizontal, perpendicular to the rest of the legend, and indicates the 7th officina (a reversed Z, not an H). Hahn lists the Nikertai Hoard coin 146, described by Morrisson as 7th officina, as his only example from the H (8th) officina. The 8th officina probably did not strike this variant with an I in the right field. Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung Auction 196, lot 3100, was struck with the same dies in a similar state of wear.
SH69990. Gold solidus, Nikertai Hoard 146; Hahn MIB 13 (Z) and 14 (H); Sommer 11.10; SBCV 739; DOC II - (type 14, officina not listed); Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, VF, worn dies, weight 4.431 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 225o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIVS Et hERA CONSt PP A, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with cross on circlet, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Z (Z reversed), cross potent on three steps, I right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; $580.00 (€510.40)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 626, Constantinople was under siege by horde of about 80,000 Avars, Slavs, Bulgars, and other "barbarians" and a small Persian army allied with them. On 31 July, the barbarian and Persian allies launched an attack along the entire 5.7 kilometer length of the Theodosian Walls using the most current trebuchets, mobile armored shelters, and siege towers. On the walls, 12,000 well-trained Byzantine troops fought fiercely, holding off assault after assault. On 7 August the Persian fleet was destroyed while ferrying reinforcements. The Avars, having suffered terrible losses, and short of food and supplies, burned their siege engines and retreated to the Balkan Peninsula. Constantinople was saved.
SH70018. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 13d; Sommer 11.9.2; Tolstoi 138; Morrisson BnF 16; Hahn MIB 11; SBCV 738; Ratto -; Wroth BMC -, aEF, well centered, part of obverse legend unstruck, weight 4.337 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 613 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONST PP AVG, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with cross on circlet, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue, graffiti in fields; $520.00 (€457.60)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In September 629, after 15 years of Persian occupation, Jerusalem was reconquered by the Byzantines. A new "Golden Age" began for the Byzantine Empire. On 14 September Heraclius entered Constantinople in triumph. In a ceremonial parade, accompanied by the True Cross, he was welcomed by the citizens and his son Heraclius Constantine.
SH70063. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 26a; Tolstoi 170; Hahn MIB 29; Sommer 11.19; SBCV 749; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, gVF, obverse a little off center, weight 4.396 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 629 - 631 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS et hERA CONSt pp AV, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with long beard and his son Heraclius Constantine, short beard, cross above; reverse VICTORIA AVGY A, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $500.00 (€440.00)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

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In 638, Heraclius created a buffer zone or no man's land in the heartland of Asia Minor. In the mountainous terrain of Anatolia, the Byzantine forces used defensive guerrilla warfare, known as "shadowing warfare." They avoided battle with major Muslim invasions and instead attacked raiding parties on their return when laden with booty, captured livestock or prisoners.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia
SH69984. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 80; Hahn MIB 49; Tolstoi 418; DOC II part 1, 42d (not in the collection, refs BMC); Sommer 11.33; SBCV 768; Morrisson BnF -, aEF/VF, some luster, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.439 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, B right, CONOBΛ in ex; scarce; $490.00 (€431.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

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In 638, An Islamic army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquering without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya. Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain. In autumn, Islamic forces under Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah stormed Caesarea Maritima, the capital of Byzantine Palestine.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia
SH69994. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 48; Sommer 11.32; SBCV 767; DOC II part 1, 41 var (officina not listed); Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, VF, graffiti on rev right (E), weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in exergue; $490.00 (€431.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 11 February 641, Heraclius, age 65, after a 31-year reign, died of dropsy at Constantinople. During his reign, the Empire lost Armenia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and much of Mesopotamia to the Muslim Arabs. Heraclius was succeeded by his sons Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III) and Heraklonas.
SH70024. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 44a.1; Morrisson BnF 72; Hahn MIB 53; SBCV 770; Sommer 11.35; Wroth -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, tight flan, graffiti on obverse and reverse, weight 4.385 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown, chlamys, tablion ornamented with pellets, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, E right, CONOB in exergue; $490.00 (€431.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 622, Heraclius sailed from Constantinople with an expeditionary force (probably 50,000 men) and began his counter-offensive against the Sasanian Persian Empire. Victory would come in 628. The Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.
SH70032. Gold solidus, Ratto 1364; DOC II 13h (not in the collection, refs Ratto); Hahn MIB 11; Sommer 11.9; SBCV 738; Tolstoi -; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, VF, graffiti on the reverse, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIVS ET hERA CONST PP, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with cross on circlet, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGU Θ, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $490.00 (€431.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 11 February 641, Heraclius, age 65, after a 31-year reign, died of dropsy at Constantinople. During his reign, the Empire lost Armenia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and much of Mesopotamia to the Muslim Arabs. Heraclius was succeeded by his sons Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III) and Heraklonas.
SH70007. Gold solidus, SBCV 769; DOC II part 1, 43 (1st officina not listed); Hahn MIB 50; Sommer 11.34; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, VF, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.398 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 639 - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; $450.00 (€396.00)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 638, An Islamic army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquering without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya. Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain. In autumn, Islamic forces under Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah stormed Caesarea Maritima, the capital of Byzantine Palestine.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia
SH70069. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 41g; Wroth BMC 74; Tolstoi 403; Hahn MIB 48; Sommer 11.32; SBCV 767; Morrisson BnF -, aEF, graffiti on rev (NE, AS), weight 4.388 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Z, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in exergue; $450.00 (€396.00)
 


Click for a larger photo
In September 629, after 15 years of Persian occupation, Jerusalem was reconquered by the Byzantines. A new "Golden Age" began for the Byzantine Empire. On 14 September Heraclius entered Constantinople in triumph. In a ceremonial parade, accompanied by the True Cross, he was welcomed by the citizens and his son Heraclius Constantine.
SH90293. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 26a; Tolstoi 170; Hahn MIB 29; Sommer 11.19; SBCV 749; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, gVF, some strike weakness, reverse graffiti and slightly off center, weight 4.375 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 629 - 631 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS et hERA CONSt pp AV, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with long beard and his son Heraclius Constantine, short beard, cross above; reverse VICTORIA AVGY Θ, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; ex CNG auction 233, lot 545; $400.00 (€352.00)
 




  



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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Friday, February 12, 2016.
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Byzantine Coins of Heraclius