<Please login or register to view your wish list!

MAIN MENU    RECENT ADDITIONS    PRICE REDUCTIONS
ROMAN    GREEK    JUDEAN & BIBLICAL    BYZANTINE
BOOKS & SUPPLIES    COLLECTING THEMES    ANTIQUITIES   

 

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Byzantine Coins
Byzantine Coins Showcase

Byzantine Gold (48)
Byzantine Rarities (17)
Anonymous Folles (1)
Anastasius I
Justinian Dynasty (31)
Heraclean Dynasty (56)
Isaurian Dynasty (18)
Macedonian Dynasty (6)
Comnen Dynasty (13)
Dynasty of the Angeli (1)
Latin Crusader Rule (2)
Empire of Nicaea
Empire of Thessalonica
The Restored Empire (1)
Empire of Trebizond
Byzantine Mints (94)
Byzantine Specials
Byzantine Countermarked (2)
Byzantine Unattributed (1)
Byzantine Bulk Lots (3)
Unofficial & Imitative (6)
Byzantine Antiquities (12)
Byzantine Seals (11)
Byzantine Coin Books (5)

Catalog Search
View Shopping Cart
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Contact Us
FAQ

Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>HeracleanDynasty>Heraclius PAGE 1/4123»»»

Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D.
Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 4 October 610 A.D., Heraclius arrived at Constantinople with a fleet from Africa. Assisted by an uprising in the capital, he overthrew Phocas, who was killed by the mob. Heraclius gained the throne with help from his father Heraclius the Elder. His first major act was to change the official language of the Eastern Roman Empire from Latin to Greek (already the language of the vast majority of the population).
SH69981. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 3b; Wroth BMC 5; Tolstoi 3; Ratto 1279; Sommer 11.3; Hahn MIB 5; SBCV 731, aEF, areas of weak strike, weight 4.390 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, 5 Oct 610 - 613 A.D.; obverse D N hERACLI-VS PP AVC, bust facing with short beard and moustache, wearing plumed helmet and chlamys, holding a cross; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E, cross potent on three steps, CONOB below; scarce; $650.00 (€487.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In April 637, Jerusalem became one of the Arab Caliphate's first conquests. The Rashidun Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab personally went to the city to receive its submission and prayed on the Temple Mount. Umar ibn al-Khattab also allowed the Jews back into the city and freedom to live and worship. Sixty years later the Dome of the Rock was built, a structure enshrining a stone from which Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven during the Isra. The oldest part of Jerusalem was settled in the 4th millennium B.C., making it one of the oldest cities in the world. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times.Dome of the Rock

SH69985. Gold solidus, Morrisson BN 4; Hahn MIB 43; SBCV 762; DOC II part 1, 37 var (1st officina not listed); Wroth BMC -; Sommer -, gVF, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.412 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, c. 636 - 637; obverse Heraclius with his sons, all stand facing holding globus cruciger in right; Heraclius with mustache, long beard, and crown; Heraclius Constantine (on right) beardless wearing crown; Heraclonas (on left) wearing plain cap, cross above his head; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB+ in ex; rare; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 638, Heraclius issued his Ekthesis espousing the Monothelete doctrine (that there is only one will in Christ) and set it forth as the official doctrine of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The Ekthesis was vigorously opposed, notably by Maximus the Confessor.
SH69989. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 41a; Tolstoi 373; Morrisson BN 62; Sommer 11.32; Hahn MIB 48; SBCV 767; Wroth BMC -, EF, small areas of weak strike, weight 4.373 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in ex; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius Constantine, 11 January - 20 April 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Most references attribute this type to Heraclius; however, Hahn (MIB) convincingly argues that the K in the reverse right field refers to Heraclius Constantine. During his very short reign, he may have thought it prudent to maintain the same type struck by his father.
SH70074. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 66; Tolstoi 395; DOC II, part 1, 45a (not in the collection, refs Wroth); SBCV 771; Sommer 11.36; Hahn MIB 52 (Heraclius Constantine), gVF, some luster, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.429 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 11 Jan - 20 Apr 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, K right, CONOB in ex; scarce; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In April 637, Jerusalem became one of the Arab Caliphate's first conquests. The Rashidun Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab personally went to the city to receive its submission and prayed on the Temple Mount. Umar ibn al-Khattab also allowed the Jews back into the city and freedom to live and worship. Sixty years later the Dome of the Rock was built, a structure enshrining a stone from which Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven during the Isra. The oldest part of Jerusalem was settled in the 4th millennium B.C., making it one of the oldest cities in the world. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times.Dome of the Rock

SH69983. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 36g; SBCV 761; Sommer 11.26; Hahn MIB 42; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, graffiti, weight 4.391 g, maximum diameter 19.17 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 636 - 637; obverse Heraclius with his sons, all stand facing holding globus cruciger in right; Heraclius with mustache, long beard, and crown; Heraclius Constantine (on right) beardless wearing crown; Heraclonas (on left) wearing plain cap, cross above his head; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, Heraclius created a buffer zone or no man's land in the heartland of Asia Minor. In the mountainous terrain of Anatolia, the Byzantine forces used defensive guerrilla warfare, known as "shadowing warfare." They avoided battle with major Muslim invasions and instead attacked raiding parties on their return when laden with booty, captured livestock or prisoners.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH69984. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 80; Hahn MIB 49; Tolstoi 418; DOC II part 1, 42d (not in the collection, refs Wroth); Sommer 11.33; SBCV 768; Morrisson BN -, aEF/VF, some luster, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.439 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, B right, CONOBΛ in ex; scarce; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, An Islamic army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquering without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya. Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain. In autumn, Islamic forces under Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah stormed Caesarea Maritima, the capital of Byzantine Palestine.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH69994. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 48; Sommer 11.32; SBCV 767; DOC II part 1, 41 var (officina not listed); Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BN -, VF, graffiti on rev right (E), weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 11 February 641, Heraclius, age 65, after a 31-year reign, died of dropsy at Constantinople. During his reign, the Empire lost Armenia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and much of Mesopotamia to the Muslim Arabs. Heraclius ws succeeded by his sons Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III) and Heraklonas.
SH70024. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 44a.1; Morrisson BN 72; Hahn MIB 53; SBCV 770; Sommer 11.35; Wroth -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, tight flan, graffiti on obverse and reverse, weight 4.385 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown, chlamys, tablion ornamented with pellets, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, E right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH70037. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 43b; Tolstoi 396; Ratto 1490; Hahn MIB 50; Sommer 11.34; SBCV 769; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BN -, gVF, light graffiti on reverse, weight 4.406 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in rig; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Γ, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
After Muhammad's death in 632, his successors started a military campaign to increase the territory of the new Caliphate. In 638, the invading Rashidun army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquered without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya (west of the Taurus Mountains). Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain.Islamic advances 630-641

SH70040. Gold solidus, Morrisson BN 54; DOC II part 1, 39 (officina not listed); Ratto 1498; Hahn MIB 45; SBCV 764; Sommer 11.29; Wroth BMC -, VF, weight 4.335 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople mint, 637 - 638(?); obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu B, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, A with elongated top right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)



ITEMS PER PAGE 13510203050 PAGE 1/4123»»»

OUR FINEST COINS ARE LISTED FIRST. CLICK TO THE LAST PAGE FOR OUR BARGAINS.

CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


REFERENCES

Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection: Vol. 2, Part 1: Phocas and Heraclius 602-641. (Washington, D.C., 1968).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Carson, R.A.G., P.V. Hill & J.P.C. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hahn, W. and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Insipient Byzantine Empire. (Vienna, 2000).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sear, D. R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Sunday, April 20, 2014.
Page created in 1.264 seconds
Byzantine Coins of Heraclius