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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>HeracleanDynasty>Heraclius

Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D.
Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 4 October 610 A.D., Heraclius arrived at Constantinople with a fleet from Africa. Assisted by an uprising in the capital, he overthrew Phocas, who was killed by the mob. Heraclius gained the throne with help from his father Heraclius the Elder. His first major act was to change the official language of the Eastern Roman Empire from Latin to Greek (already the language of the vast majority of the population).
SH69981. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 3b; Wroth BMC 5; Tolstoi 3; Ratto 1279; Sommer 11.3; Hahn MIB 5; SBCV 731, aEF, areas of weak strike, weight 4.390 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, 5 Oct 610 - 613 A.D.; obverse D N hERACLI-VS PP AVC, bust facing with short beard and moustache, wearing plumed helmet and chlamys, holding a cross; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E, cross potent on three steps, CONOB below; scarce; $650.00 (€487.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In April 637, Jerusalem became one of the Arab Caliphate's first conquests. The Rashidun Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab personally went to the city to receive its submission and prayed on the Temple Mount. Umar ibn al-Khattab also allowed the Jews back into the city and freedom to live and worship. Sixty years later the Dome of the Rock was built, a structure enshrining a stone from which Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven during the Isra. The oldest part of Jerusalem was settled in the 4th millennium B.C., making it one of the oldest cities in the world. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times.Dome of the Rock

SH69985. Gold solidus, Morrisson BN 4; Hahn MIB 43; SBCV 762; DOC II part 1, 37 var (1st officina not listed); Wroth BMC -; Sommer -, gVF, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.412 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, c. 636 - 637; obverse Heraclius with his sons, all stand facing holding globus cruciger in right; Heraclius with mustache, long beard, and crown; Heraclius Constantine (on right) beardless wearing crown; Heraclonas (on left) wearing plain cap, cross above his head; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB+ in ex; rare; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 638, Heraclius issued his Ekthesis espousing the Monothelete doctrine (that there is only one will in Christ) and set it forth as the official doctrine of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The Ekthesis was vigorously opposed, notably by Maximus the Confessor.
SH69989. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 41a; Tolstoi 373; Morrisson BN 62; Sommer 11.32; Hahn MIB 48; SBCV 767; Wroth BMC -, EF, small areas of weak strike, weight 4.373 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in ex; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius Constantine, 11 January - 20 April 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Most references attribute this type to Heraclius; however, Hahn (MIB) convincingly argues that the K in the reverse right field refers to Heraclius Constantine. During his very short reign, he may have thought it prudent to maintain the same type struck by his father.
SH70074. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 66; Tolstoi 395; DOC II, part 1, 45a (not in the collection, refs Wroth); SBCV 771; Sommer 11.36; Hahn MIB 52 (Heraclius Constantine), gVF, some luster, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.429 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 11 Jan - 20 Apr 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, K right, CONOB in ex; scarce; $600.00 (€450.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In April 637, Jerusalem became one of the Arab Caliphate's first conquests. The Rashidun Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab personally went to the city to receive its submission and prayed on the Temple Mount. Umar ibn al-Khattab also allowed the Jews back into the city and freedom to live and worship. Sixty years later the Dome of the Rock was built, a structure enshrining a stone from which Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven during the Isra. The oldest part of Jerusalem was settled in the 4th millennium B.C., making it one of the oldest cities in the world. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times.Dome of the Rock

SH69983. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 36g; SBCV 761; Sommer 11.26; Hahn MIB 42; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, graffiti, weight 4.391 g, maximum diameter 19.17 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 636 - 637; obverse Heraclius with his sons, all stand facing holding globus cruciger in right; Heraclius with mustache, long beard, and crown; Heraclius Constantine (on right) beardless wearing crown; Heraclonas (on left) wearing plain cap, cross above his head; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, Heraclius created a buffer zone or no man's land in the heartland of Asia Minor. In the mountainous terrain of Anatolia, the Byzantine forces used defensive guerrilla warfare, known as "shadowing warfare." They avoided battle with major Muslim invasions and instead attacked raiding parties on their return when laden with booty, captured livestock or prisoners.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH69984. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 80; Hahn MIB 49; Tolstoi 418; DOC II part 1, 42d (not in the collection, refs Wroth); Sommer 11.33; SBCV 768; Morrisson BN -, aEF/VF, some luster, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.439 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, B right, CONOBΛ in ex; scarce; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, An Islamic army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquering without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya. Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain. In autumn, Islamic forces under Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah stormed Caesarea Maritima, the capital of Byzantine Palestine.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH69994. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 48; Sommer 11.32; SBCV 767; DOC II part 1, 41 var (officina not listed); Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BN -, VF, graffiti on rev right (E), weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 11 February 641, Heraclius, age 65, after a 31-year reign, died of dropsy at Constantinople. During his reign, the Empire lost Armenia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and much of Mesopotamia to the Muslim Arabs. Heraclius ws succeeded by his sons Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III) and Heraklonas.
SH70024. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 44a.1; Morrisson BN 72; Hahn MIB 53; SBCV 770; Sommer 11.35; Wroth -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, aEF, tight flan, graffiti on obverse and reverse, weight 4.385 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown, chlamys, tablion ornamented with pellets, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, E right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH70037. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 43b; Tolstoi 396; Ratto 1490; Hahn MIB 50; Sommer 11.34; SBCV 769; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BN -, gVF, light graffiti on reverse, weight 4.406 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in rig; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Γ, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
After Muhammad's death in 632, his successors started a military campaign in order to increase the territory of the new Caliphate. In 638, the invading Rashidun army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquered without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya (west of the Taurus Mountains). Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain.Islamic advances 630-641

SH70040. Gold solidus, Morrisson BN 54; DOC II part 1, 39 (officina not listed); Ratto 1498; Hahn MIB 45; SBCV 764; Sommer 11.29; Wroth BMC -, VF, weight 4.335 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople mint, 637 - 638(?); obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu B, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, A with elongated top right, CONOB in ex; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
After Muhammad's death in 632, his successors started a military campaign in order to increase the territory of the new Caliphate. In 638, the invading Rashidun army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquered without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya (west of the Taurus Mountains). Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain.Islamic advances 630-641

SH70042. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 39h; Hahn MIB 45; SBCV 764; Sommer 11.29; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BN -; Tolstoi -, gVF, a few small light scratches, weight 4.316 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople mint, 637 - 638(?); obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Θ, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, A right, CONOB in ex; rare officina for issue; $550.00 (€412.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH69986. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 41a; Tolstoi 373; Morrisson BN 62; Sommer 11.32; Hahn MIB 48; SBCV 767; Wroth BMC 55 var (2nd officina), gVF, some luster, graffiti on obv (S right) and rev (A below mintmark), weight 4.346 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A (officina letter horizontal), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in exergue; $500.00 (€375.00)

Click for a larger photo On 11 February 641, Heraclius, age 65, after a 31-year reign, died of dropsy at Constantinople. During his reign, the Empire lost Armenia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and much of Mesopotamia to the Muslim Arabs. Heraclius ws succeeded by his sons Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III) and Heraklonas.
SH70007. Gold solidus, SBCV 769; DOC II part 1, 43 (1st officina not listed); Hahn MIB 50; Sommer 11.34; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BN -, VF, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.398 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, c. 639 - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in ex; scarce; $500.00 (€375.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, Heraclius created a buffer zone or no man's land in the heartland of Asia Minor. In the mountainous terrain of Anatolia, the Byzantine forces used defensive guerrilla warfare, known as "shadowing warfare." They avoided battle with major Muslim invasions and instead attacked raiding parties on their return when laden with booty, captured livestock or prisoners.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH70009. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 39c; Wroth BMC 58; Morrisson BN 56; Tolstoi 384; Hahn MIB 45; SBCV 764; Sommer 11.29; Ratto -, gVF, graffiti on obv and reverse, weight 4.353 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople mint, 637 - 638(?); obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu ∆, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, A with elongated top right, CONOB in ex; $500.00 (€375.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A tablion was a type of Byzantine cloak (paludamentum) pinned at the right shoulder hanging to the hips, made of rich Byzantine silk embroidered with a square or diamond shaped pattern on the front. Tablions were symbols of rank and could only be worn by members of the upper class.
SH70053. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 43b; SBCV 769; Hahn MIB 50; Sommer 11.34; Ratto -, Tolstoi -, Wroth BMC -, aEF, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.319 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 225o, 3rd officina, Constantinople mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard, tablion ornamented with cross; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in rig; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Γ, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in ex; $500.00 (€375.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, An Islamic army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquering without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya. Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain. In autumn, Islamic forces under Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah stormed Caesarea Maritima, the capital of Byzantine Palestine.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH70069. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 41g; Wroth BMC 74; Tolstoi 403; Hahn MIB 48; Sommer 11.32; SBCV 767; Morrisson BN -, aEF, graffiti on rev (NE, AS), weight 4.388 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Z, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in ex; $500.00 (€375.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH70070. Gold solidus, Morrisson BN 54; DOC II part 1, 39 (officina not listed); Ratto 1498; Hahn MIB 45; SBCV 764; Sommer 11.29; Wroth 50 var (officina), gVF, some luster, reverse graffiti and slightly double struck, weight 4.410 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople mint, 637 - 638(?); obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu B, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, A right, CONOB in ex; $500.00 (€375.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, An Islamic army under Khalid ibn al-Walid moved into Anatolia conquering without strong Byzantine resistance, the cities Kahramanmaras, Caesarea Cappadociae, Sebastia, and Malatya. Arab forces marched into Armenia where they captured the cities Edessa and Amida up to the Ararat plain. In autumn, Islamic forces under Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah stormed Caesarea Maritima, the capital of Byzantine Palestine.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH70008. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 65; Tolstoi 393, Ratto 1495; DOC II part 1, 41e (officina not in the collection); Morrisson 64; Hahn MIB 48; Sommer 11.32; SBCV 767, VF, graffiti on rev, obv struck with a damaged die (lower edge), weight 4353 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in ex; $480.00 (€360.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH70004. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 41 (officina not listed); Wroth BMC 55 var (same); Morrisson 62 ff. var (officina); Hahn MIB 48; Sommer 11.32; SBCV 767, VF, some luster, scratches on reverse, weight 4.475 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 225o, 10th officina, Constantinople mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in ex; $475.00 (€356.25)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
In 638, Heraclius created a buffer zone or no man's land in the heartland of Asia Minor. In the mountainous terrain of Anatolia, the Byzantine forces used defensive guerrilla warfare, known as "shadowing warfare." They avoided battle with major Muslim invasions and instead attacked raiding parties on their return when laden with booty, captured livestock or prisoners.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia

SH70022. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 39g; Morrisson BN 59; Hahn MIB 45; SBCV 764; Sommer 11.29; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -, gVF, graffiti and minor flan flaw on reverse, weight 4.415 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople mint, 637 - 638(?); obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu H, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, A right, CONOB in ex; $450.00 (€337.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 11 February 641, Heraclius, age 65, after a 31-year reign, died of dropsy at Constantinople. During his reign, the Empire lost Armenia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria and much of Mesopotamia to the Muslim Arabs. Heraclius ws succeeded by his sons Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III) and Heraklonas.
SH70027. Gold solidus, Morrisson 67; Ratto 1488; DOC II part 1, 43a (no examples in the collection, refs Ratto); Hahn MIB 50; SBCV 769; Sommer 11.34; Wroth BMC -, EF, graffiti obverse right side, weight 4.462 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu B, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in ex; $450.00 (€337.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH70051. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 76; Tolstoi 410; DOC II part 1, 44f (no examples in the collection, refs Wroth); SBCV 770; Hahn MIB 53; Sommer 11.35; Morrisson BN -, aEF, luster, tight flan, graffiti on obverse and reverse, weight 4.336 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown, chlamys and tablion ornamented with pellets, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu H, cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, E right, CONOB in ex; $450.00 (€337.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 616, the Jews of Jerusalem gained complete control over the city, much of Judea and Galilee became an autonomous Jewish province of the Sasanian Persian Empire. The Jewish Temple was rebuilt by Nehemiah ben Hushiel (exilarch of Jerusalem) who establish a High Priesthood. In September 629 the Byzantines retook Jerusalem after 15 years of Persian occupation. In 630, Heraclius decreed that all Jews must become Christian; a massacre followed around Jerusalem and in Galilee, some survivors fled to the Dara'ah area.

The flan flaw is the result of a plug inserted into the flan prior to striking to increase and achieve the proper weight for the coin.
BZ65918. Silver hexagram, DOC II/I 61, Wroth BMC 107, Hahn MIB 134, Morrisson BN 2, Sommer 11.44, SBCV 795, Ratto 1389, Tolstoi -, aVF, uneven strike, flan flaw, reverse graffiti, weight 6.455 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 315o, Constantinople mint, c. 615 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONSTI (or similar), Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine enthroned facing, each holds globus cruciger, cross above; reverse DEUS ADIUTA ROMANIS (May God help the Romans), cross potent on globe above three steps; scarce; $400.00 (€300.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Struck on a planchet with a plug added to the center to adjust the weight. This type of flan adjustment can also be found on some USA 1794 and 1795 silver dollars.
BZ66805. Silver hexagram, SBCV 798; DOC II part 1, 64; Hahn MIB 140; Wroth BMC 100; Ratto 1390, Morrisson 6, VF, weight 6.513 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople mint, c. 615 - 638 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONSTI (or similar), Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine enthroned facing, each holds globus cruciger, cross above; reverse DEUS ADIUTA ROMANIS (May God help the Romans), cross potent on globe above three steps, K right; scarce; $400.00 (€300.00)

Click for a larger photo The 3/4 follis (30 nummi) denomination is rare.
BZ65328. Bronze three-quarter follis, DOC II/I 117c.1; Hahn MIB III 168a, SBCV 812, Wroth -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, VF, weight 135 5.804 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina, Constantinople mint, 629 - 630 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (on left) in military dress holding long cross, Heraclius Constantine (on right) in chlamys holding globus cruciger, star above, Heraclius monogram left, K (Konstantine) right; reverse large Λ (30 nummi), ANNO left, X/X (year 20) right, Γ (3rd officina) below, CON in exergue; rare; $180.00 (€135.00)

Click for a larger photo Heraclius offered peace to Khusro, presumably in 624, threatening otherwise to invade Persia, but Khusro rejected the offer. Heraclius marched into Persia with an army of probably less than 25,000 men, willingly abandoning any attempt to secure his rear or maintain lines of communication. Heraclius fought brilliantly and bravely repeatedly defeated the Persian forces. When the war ended in 628, Khusro had been murdered by his own men, the Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.
BZ64050. Bronze dekanummium, Anastasi 62; DOC II part 1, 257; Wroth BMC 410; SBCV 886; Hahn MIB 241, VF, pit (flan defect?) on reverse, weight 5.067 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Catania mint, 625 - 626 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Heraclius on left, bearded, and Heraclius Constantine on right, beardless; both crowned, draped and cuirassed; cross between their heads; reverse large I, ANNO right, X/ς (year 16) right, CAT in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (€75.00)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D., Countermarked in Sicily
Click for a larger photo Heraclius came to power through revolt against Phocas. He defeated the Sassanids, but this only facilitated the Arab conquests. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died and Egypt fell soon after. Heraclius Constantine was made joint emperor at 8 months old. He was in poor health when his father died and lived only about 100 days as senior emperor.
BZ65617. Bronze follis, Anastasi 65a, DOC II 242, SBCV 883; Sicilian countermarks applied on Heraclius follis, Constantinople, year 21, 630 A.D. (DOC II 106a, SBCV 810), VF, obscure due to undertype effects and the crude nature of the type, weight 10.057 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Sicilian mint, 630 - 638 A.D.; obverse SCL within oval punch, over lower part undertype: standing figures on original coin; reverse facing crowned and draped busts of Heraclius (on left) and Heraclius Constantine, cross between their heads all within oval punch; over undertype: large M, ANNO left, XXI right, A below, CON in exergue; scarce; $90.00 (€67.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Heraclius came to power through revolt against the tyrannical Focas. He defeated the Sassanid Persians, but this only facilitated Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died and Egypt fell soon after.
BZ68100. Bronze follis, SBCV 884, F, overstruck, weight 5.875 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, obverse facing busts of long-bearded Heraclius and his son Heraclius Constantine, wearing short beard, cross above, all within large round countermark; reverse Heraclian monogram and SCs within large round countermark, with traces of undertype; $90.00 (€67.50)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Heraclius came to power through revolt against the tyrannical Focas. He defeated the Sassanid Persians, but this only facilitated Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died and Egypt fell soon after.
BZ68099. Bronze half follis, DOC II 118a, Wroth BMC 206, Tolstoi 286, Ratto 1422, Morrisson BN 88, Hahn MIB 171a, SBCV 815, F, overstruck, weight 3.696 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, 629 - 630 A.D.; obverse Heraclius, on left in military dress with long cross in right, and Heraclius Constantine, wearing chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, both stand facing wears crown with cross, Heraclius monogram left, K right; reverse large K, cross above, ANNO left, X/X (regnal year 20) right, A below; scarce; $80.00 (€60.00)

Sasanian Empire, Levantine Occupation, 610 - 629 A.D., Imitative of Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine
Click for a larger photo In 604, Khusro II personnally led the siege of Dara, Mesopotamia. Because they resisted, the inhabitants were slaughtered and everything of value was carried off to Persia. This warning was somewhat sufficient; other cities including Antioch (610), Emesa (611), and Damascus (613) surrendered under terms and opened their gates. When Jerusalem was taken in May 614, tens of thousands were massacred and the True cross was taken. In 619 when Alexandria surrendered after a long siege, the young men and monks were massacred. Evidence suggests, however, that Persians allowed the local adminstrations to resume control of these cities after the initial slaughter and looting. This type was likely struck by civic authorities for local use in one of the Levantine cities during the Sasanian Occupation.
BZ65329. Bronze follis, Imitative of Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine; Pottier class IV, aF, rough, overstruck, weight 10.502 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch(?) mint, 610 - 629 A.D.; obverse two imperial figures standing facing in very crude style, each holding globus cruciger in right, blundered imitation of legend around; reverse large M, THEUP in exergue (reverse obscured by undertype effects); unusual and rare; $65.00 (€48.75)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 613, a Jewish revolt against the Byzantine Heraclius led to the conquest of Jerusalem in 614 by combined Persian and Jewish forces. The Persians looted the city, and are said to have massacred its 90,000 Christian inhabitants; the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was destroyed and the True Cross captured and taken to Ctesiphon as a battle-captured holy relic. Jewish Autonomy was established in the city. In September 629 Jerusalem was reconquered by the Byzantines. The Cross was returned to Jerusalem and the Jews in the city were massacred.
BZ65917. Bronze follis, SBCV 810, Sommer 11.58, MIB 164b, F, large flan, weight 10.009 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 45o, 4th officina, Constantinople mint, 629 - 640 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (on left) in military dress holding long cross, Heraclius Constantine (on right) in chlamys holding globus cruciger, cross above, K right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross over C above, ANNO left, obscure date right, ∆ (4th officina) below, CON in exergue; $50.00 (€37.50)

Click for a larger photo In 613, a Jewish revolt against the Byzantine Heraclius led to the conquest of Jerusalem in 614 by combined Persian and Jewish forces. The Persians looted the city, and are said to have massacred its 90,000 Christian inhabitants; the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was destroyed and the True Cross captured and taken to Ctesiphon as a battle-captured holy relic. Jewish Autonomy was established in the city until the Persian defeat. The Cross was returned to Jerusalem by Emperor Heraclius in 628 and in 629 the Jews in the city were mas massacred by the Byzantines.
BZ58715. Bronze half follis, DOC II part 1, 235; Wroth BMC 354; Morrison BN 4; Tolstoi 81; Ratto 1335; Hahn MIB 235; SBCV 874, gF, weight 3.725 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage mint, 614 - 615 A.D.; obverse D N ERACLIO PP AV, facing, bearded and crowned bust of Heraclius, globus cruciger in right; reverse large XX, pellet in center, cross above, star left, E (regnal year 5) right, KRTS in ex; It was believed that the Jews, who were persecuted in their Roman-controlled homeland, had aided the Persians.; scarce; $40.00 (€30.00)


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REFERENCES

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Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hahn, W. and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Insipient Byzantine Empire. (Vienna, 2000).
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Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothθque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sear, D. R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines ΰ l'ιpoque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Thursday, April 17, 2014.
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Byzantine Coins of Heraclius