The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.
Persian Empire, Satraps of Mysia, Orontas, c. 357 - 352 B.C.
GB57341. Bronze AE 9, Troxell Orontes -, BMC -, SNG Cop -, SNG BnF -, et al.; cf. CNG auction 247, lot 120 (a very similar AE 9, but with head right, also unpublished), F, weight 0.524 g, maximum diameter 9.1 mm, die axis 270o, Adramyteum mint, c. 357 - 352 B.C.; obverse ADPA, head left; reverse forepart of Pegasos right, OPON below; apparently unpublished; $60.00 (€46.20)
Persian Empire, Tyre, Phoenicia, c. 377 - 357 B.C.
Cyrus the Great conquered Phoenicia in 539 BC. The Persians divided Phoenicia into four vassal kingdoms: Sidon, Tyre, Arwad, and Byblos. It is likely that much of the Phoenician population migrated to Carthage and other colonies following the Persian conquest.
GS57799. Silver 1/16 Shekel, Betlyon 20, BMC Phoenicia 43, SGCV II 5916, Fair, weight 0.485 g, maximum diameter 8.7 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, c. 377 - 357 B.C.; obversehippocamp with curved wing left, over waves; reverse Egyptian style owl standing right, head facing, crook and flail over shoulder, Phoenician numeral in field left; obverse off center; $40.00 (€30.80)
Persian Empire, Sidon, Phoenicia, c. 370 - 358 B.C.
Cyrus the Great conquered Phoenicia in 539 BC. The Persians divided Phoenicia into four vassal kingdoms: Sidon, Tyre, Arwad, and Byblos. It is likely that much of the Phoenician population migrated to Carthage and other colonies following the Persian conquest. In 350 or 345 B.C. a rebellion in Sidon led by Tennes was crushed by Artaxerxes III.
GB56686. Bronze AE 17, Betlyon 27; BMC Phoenicia p. 147, 46 - 51, aF, weight 4.214 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 90o, Sidon mint, c. 370 - 358 B.C.; obverse war galley left, waves below; reverse the Persian Great King carried left in two-horse chariot with driver; $32.00 (€24.64)
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