Judaean Kingdom, Herod I, 37 - 44 A.D.
spent much of his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome and was close to both and . One of Claudius' first acts was a treaty guaranteeing Agrippa's kingdom, with the title "great ," and granting the additional territory of to Agrippa's elder brother Herod V. The of this coin depicts a (sacrificial assistant) about to kill a pig to sanctify the oaths of this treaty. Both Josephus (Jospehus, Ant. xix.5.1) and Suetonius (Suetonius, Claud. 25.5) wrote that and performed this fetial ceremony in the center of the in Rome.SH66828. Bronze AE 26, 1245, II p. 248, 8, 121; 4983, F, 15.186 g, maximum 25.9 mm, 0o, Maritima mint, 42 - 43 A.D.; TIBEPIOΣ KAICAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ ΓEPM ( ), laureate of right; BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ AΓPIΠΠAΣ ΦIΛOKAIΣAP (the Great , friend of ), figures of and stand facing each other within a temple, priest(?) standing in center background, kneeling in center at feet holding pig, LZ (regnal year 7) in ; ex William M. Rosenblum auction 43A, lot 18; very ; $1050.00 (€913.50)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., (Jerusalem), Palestina
After the First Jewish Revolt, the Jews were disbursed from Jerusalem and prohibited even from visiting. About 130 A.D. established a colony on the site and built a temple to on the temple mount. His actions prompted the Second Jewish Revolt or Bar Kochba Rebellion.SH90827. Bronze AE 27, 170 (same dies), 141, 154, 89, F, 13.132 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 0o, mint, IMP C G MES Q TRA DECIVS AVG, laureate right; COL AEL KAP COM P F, seated left on throne, on , reaching right hand toward at feet on left, long vertical behind in left; from the J. Collection; extremely ; $670.00 (€582.90)
, Gratus, Roman Prefect under , 15 - 26 A.D., Extremely
SH40205. Bronze , 319 ( of 316 and 317 ), - ( of 1332 and 1333 ), F, 1.426 g, maximum 15.6 mm, mint, 15 - 16 A.D.; [KAI]/CAP (sic), within wreath; frond flanked by L - B (year 2); extremely ; $320.00 (€278.40)
Lot of 10 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod I, 37 - 44 A.D.
LT67261. Bronze 1244, lot of 10 prutot (singular: ), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC ( ), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); actual coins in the photograph; $270.00 (€234.90)
, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., ,
, , the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.JD72682. Bronze AE 20, pl. 53,122; 59; BMC p. 62, 111; 1510, gVF, nice green with earthen highlighting, typical , 7.492 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 0o, mint, IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped right wearing ; ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE •CVP•, standing facing, left, holding rudder by tiller in right, in left; ; $250.00 (€217.50)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Capta, ,
Capta issue minted at , . After Herod's death, was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From , Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to where he was tried before Festus and (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)
JD75361. Bronze AE 26, 1454, 391, 2304, F, red earthen encrustation, some corrosion, 10.803 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; IMP DOMITIANVS AVG , laureate left; standing right on galley with owl on prow, in left, spear downward in right, behind, frond right, no ; from the J. Collection (a surface find from an agricultural near in 1972); $250.00 (€217.50)
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.SH54977. Silver quarter-ma'ah-obol, 32; pl. 21, 24; 1087, gF, 0.192 g, maximum 6.4 mm, 180o, Jerusalem? mint, diademed of Ptolemy I right; standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; $215.00 (€187.05)
Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.
The eight prutot was Herod's largest . JD64052. Copper eight prutot,
Persian Empire, , Gaza, or , c. 375 - 333 B.C., Imitative of Athens
A Persian Period imitation of Athenian types from the Middle East.JD66401. Silver , cf. 1011, 4 ff., 15 ff., VF, , 0.576 g, maximum 8.1 mm, 270o, helmeted of right; AΘE, owl standing right, wings closed, facing, within square; $200.00 (€174.00)
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.JD35537. Silver quarter-ma, 32; pl. 21, 24; 1087, aVF, 0.157 g, maximum 6.8 mm, 90o, Jerusalem? mint, diademed of Ptolemy I right; standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; $190.00 (€165.30)
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