The Temple Tax Coin, KAP Tyrian Half , Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 19 - 18 B.C.
A KAP Temple Tax Coin - Important Transitional Year!
Some and all half shekels struck year 108 (19/18 B.C.) bear the Greek letters KAP. Years 109 - 111 all the coins bear the KAP . In the following years until production ceased all the coins bear the Greek letters KP. argued that the KAP and KP coins were actually struck at Jerusalem, initially by Herod. He based his opinion on a sudden stylistic and degradation, find locations indicating the KP coins circulated mainly in Israel, and an end to production coinciding with the First Jewish Rebellion and the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in A.D. 70. Under the cities in the east such as Kyzikos, Tyre and lost much of their autonomy. Perhaps Tyre lost the freedom to strike silver coins. Under Roman control the other traditional silver coinages of the did disappear, with the exception of a debased Antioch coinage. Given Herod's influence with , it is conceivable that he successfully arranged minting Tyre shekels in Jerusalem in order to fill the need for the accepted temple coinage. The letters KAP and KP likely abbreviate the Greek for perhaps indicating the approval of Rome.
JD79298. Silver , p. 252, 233; 921 (R3); 4684; 1619; 358, AUB -, F, , rough, die wear, 5.808 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 45o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 19 - 18 B.C.; laureate of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), left, right foot on ship's ram, frond behind, date PH (year 108) over club and frond left, KAP (Kaisar?) right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; date; $680.00 (€605.20)
The Temple Tax Coin, KP Tyrian Half , Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 44 - 45 A.D.
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 per male. The 1/2 and were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder and , but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for , Greek for .
JD79299. Silver half , 4701A (1 spec.), 921 (S), 1619, 358, -, -, -, AUB -, F, centered on a , , 6.358 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 44 - 45 A.D.; laureate of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), standing left, right foot on ship's ram, frond behind, PO (year 170) over club left, KP over (control) right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; $550.00 (€489.50)
Tyre, , 54 - 55 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin
Half - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 per male. The 1/2 and were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables.
JD79300. Silver half , 921 (unreported date - no known specimens), 358, 1619, -, AUB -, F, , slightly off center, shallow pitting, 6.719 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Tyre, mint, 54 - 55 B.C.; laureate of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), standing left, right foot on ship's ram, frond behind, PΠ (year 180) over club left, AN (?, control) right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; extremely date; $550.00 (€489.50)
The Temple Tax Coin, KP Tyrian Half , Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 18 B.C. - 69 A.D.
The barbaric with blundered legends and date are typical of the later coins attributed by some experts to Jerusalem.
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder and , but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for , Greek for .
JD79301. Silver half , 358; 922; 1621; p. 252, 235 ff.; 4681 ff.; 1455 ff., F, , bumps and marks, light corrosion, 6.336 g, maximum 21.9 mm, 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 18 B.C. - 69 A.D.; laureate of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY, standing left, right foot on ship's ram, frond behind, uncertain date & club left, KP and right, Aramaic letter between legs; $550.00 (€489.50)
, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., (Jerusalem), Palestina
After the First Jewish Revolt, the Jews were disbursed from Jerusalem and prohibited even from visiting. About 130 A.D. established a colony on the site and built a temple to on the temple mount. His actions prompted the Second Jewish Revolt or Bar Kochba Rebellion.
SH90827. Bronze AE 27, 170 (same dies), 141, 154, 89, F, 13.132 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 0o, mint, IMP C G MES Q TRA DECIVS AVG, laureate right; COL AEL KAP COM P F, seated left on throne, on , reaching right hand toward at feet on left, long vertical behind in left; from the J. Collection; extremely ; $480.00 (€427.20)
, Gratus, Roman Prefect under , 15 - 26 A.D., Extremely
SH40205. Bronze , 319 ( of 316 and 317 ), - ( of 1332 and 1333 ), F, 1.426 g, maximum 15.6 mm, mint, 15 - 16 A.D.; [KAI]/CAP (sic), within wreath; frond flanked by L - B (year 2); extremely ; $320.00 (€284.80)
, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., ,
, , the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.JD72682. Bronze AE 20, pl. 53,122; 59; BMC p. 62, 111; 1510, gVF, nice green with earthen highlighting, typical , 7.492 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 0o, mint, IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped right wearing ; ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE •CVP•, standing facing, left, holding rudder by tiller in right, in left; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Capta, Maritima,
Capta issue minted at , . After Herod's death, was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From , Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to where he was tried before Festus and (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)
JD75361. Bronze AE 26, 1454, 391, 2304, F, red earthen encrustation, some corrosion, 10.803 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; IMP DOMITIANVS AVG , laureate left; standing right on galley with owl on prow, in left, spear downward in right, behind, frond right, no ; from the J. Collection (a surface find from an agricultural near in 1972); $200.00 (€178.00)
Persian Empire, , Gaza, or , c. 375 - 333 B.C., Imitative of Athens
A Persian Period imitation of Athenian types from the Middle East.JD66401. Silver , cf. 1011, 4 ff., 15 ff., VF, , 0.576 g, maximum 8.1 mm, 270o, helmeted of right; AΘE, owl standing right, wings closed, facing, within square; $180.00 (€160.20)
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.SH54977. Silver quarter ma'ah, 32; pl. 21, 24; 1087, gF, 0.192 g, maximum 6.4 mm, 180o, Jerusalem(?) mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right; standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; $175.00 (€155.75)
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