, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., (Jerusalem), Palestina
After the First Jewish Revolt, the Jews were disbursed from Jerusalem and prohibited even from visiting. About 130 A.D. established a colony on the site and built a temple to on the temple mount. His actions prompted the Second Jewish Revolt or Bar Kochba Rebellion.SH90827. Bronze AE 27, 170 (same dies), 141, 154, 89, F, 13.132 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 0o, mint, IMP C G MES Q TRA DECIVS AVG, laureate right; COL AEL KAP COM P F, seated left on throne, on , reaching right hand toward at feet on left, long vertical behind in left; from the J. Collection; extremely ; $670.00 (€589.60)
, Gratus, Roman Prefect under , 15 - 26 A.D., Extremely
SH40205. Bronze , 319 ( of 316 and 317 ), - ( of 1332 and 1333 ), F, 1.426 g, maximum 15.6 mm, mint, 15 - 16 A.D.; [KAI]/CAP (sic), within wreath; frond flanked by L - B (year 2); extremely ; $320.00 (€281.60)
, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., ,
, , the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.JD72682. Bronze AE 20, pl. 53,122; 59; BMC p. 62, 111; 1510, gVF, nice green with earthen highlighting, typical , 7.492 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 0o, mint, IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped right wearing ; ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE •CVP•, standing facing, left, holding rudder by tiller in right, in left; ; $250.00 (€220.00)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Capta, Maritima,
Capta issue minted at , . After Herod's death, was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From , Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to where he was tried before Festus and (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)JD75361. Bronze AE 26, 1454, 391, 2304, F, red earthen encrustation, some corrosion, 10.803 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; IMP DOMITIANVS AVG , laureate left; standing right on galley with owl on prow, in left, spear downward in right, behind, frond right, no ; from the J. Collection (a surface find from an agricultural near in 1972); $250.00 (€220.00)
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.SH54977. Silver quarter ma'ah, 32; pl. 21, 24; 1087, gF, 0.192 g, maximum 6.4 mm, 180o, Jerusalem(?) mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right; standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; $195.00 (€171.60)
Persian Empire, , Gaza, or , c. 375 - 333 B.C., Imitative of Athens
A Persian Period imitation of Athenian types from the Middle East.JD66401. Silver , cf. 1011, 4 ff., 15 ff., VF, , 0.576 g, maximum 8.1 mm, 270o, helmeted of right; AΘE, owl standing right, wings closed, facing, within square; $180.00 (€158.40)
Persian Empire, (Yehudah), 375 - 333 B.C.
(Yehudah), Ptolemaic Rule, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars hired for the purpose, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.JD35537. Silver cast , 32; pl. 21, 24; 1087, aVF, 0.157 g, maximum 6.8 mm, 90o, Jerusalem? mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right; standing half left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, Aramaic YHDH (Yehudah) on left; FORVM paid $190 wholesale!; ; $150.00 (€132.00)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Maritima,
The destruction of Jerusalem in the First Jewish War made , with a population above 125,000 and the hub of the road network, the economic and political hub of Palaestina. was again the marshaling point for the Roman army during the reign of for the Bar Kochba War, 132 - 136. himself visited the city in 130 and again in 134. , like sixty-four years earlier, executed Jewish rebels in the city. By tradition, the condemned including Akiva, a leading Jewish sage and the rabbi who had greeted the rebel leader as the expected Messiah (Yer. Ta'anit, iv. 68d). By Hadrian's time Caesarea's outer harbor had deteriorated badly. The harbor had been wrecked by a tsunami in December 115. Tectonic activity had lowered the ocean floor and sunken parts of the breakwater were causing a to shipping. Another earthquake struck in 132 when urban areas were again severely damaged. Much of the original city, including its celebrated harbor, had to be built anew by and his successor . At its height the rebuilt city covered an urban of nearly a thousand acres - almost five-times the size of Jerusalem. -- Kenneth HumphreysJD77072. Bronze AE 13, 30 (same dies?); 28; 33; p. 21, 76 - 77; 773 - 775; -, VF, on a , dark near black , a little rough, 2.137 g, maximum 12.9 mm, 30o, Maritima mint, 11 Aug 117 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; IM TRA HADRIANO CAE, laureate right; walking right, snake right above, ( Prima Augusta ) below; from the J. Collection, found in Maritima; very ; $140.00 (€123.20)
, , Roman Prefect under , 26 - 36 A.D.
served under Emperor , and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by , Philo of , Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."JD69878. Bronze , 1343, 5624, F, 2.155 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 135o, mint, 31 A.D.; TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, (augural wand); LIH (year 18) within wreath; $135.00 (€118.80)
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