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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Judaea&Palestine PAGE 1/9123»»»

Judaea and Palestine

Coins of Judaea and Palestine are also presented in our Judean and Biblical catalog section. Here all coins of Judaea and Palestine are grouped together and listed from highest price to lowest. In our Judean and Biblical catalog section coins are organized by types and rulers and are presented with additional historical information and biblical references.


Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Agrippa spent much of his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome and was close to both Caligula and Claudius. One of Claudius' first acts was a treaty guaranteeing Agrippa's kingdom, with the title "great king," and granting the additional territory of Chalcis to Agrippa's elder brother Herod V. The reverse of this coin depicts a victimarius (sacrificial assistant) about to kill a pig to sanctify the oaths of this treaty. Both Josephus (Jospehus, Ant. xix.5.1) and Suetonius (Suetonius, Claud. 25.5) wrote that Claudius and Agrippa performed this fetial ceremony in the center of the Forum in Rome.
SH66828. Bronze AE 24, Hendin 1245, Meshorer AJC II p. 248, 8, Meshorer TJC 121; RPC I 4983, F, weight 15.186 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 42 - 43 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOΣ KAICAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ ΓEPM (Tiberius Caesar Augustus Germanicus), laureate head of Claudius right; reverse BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ AΓPIΠΠAΣ ΦIΛOKAIΣAP (the Great King Agrippa, friend of Caesar), figures of Agrippa and Claudius stand facing each other within a distyle temple, priest(?) standing in center background, victimarius kneeling in center at feet holding pig, LZ (regnal year 7) in pediment; ex William M. Rosenblum auction 43A, lot 18; very rare; $1450.00 (€1087.50)

Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional Style Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $900.00 (€675.00)

Philistia or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Pi-Style Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo
This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.Temple of Fortuna
SH66403. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New, Semitic Style Group II, p. 57 and pl. 11, 57 (this coin); for Athenian prototype see Kroll Pi-Style p. 245, fig. 9, VF, two test cuts on the reverse, irregular flan imitating the typical Athenian flan of the period, weight 16.682 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 270o, Gaza(?) mint, c. 350 - 330 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent, the A is missing a portion of one leg, giving the character a form similar to a backwards "P" or an Aramaic letter resh; Van Alfen New plate coin; very rare; $800.00 (€600.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee
Click for a larger photo Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy I Soter.
SH62932. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Svoronos 185; SNG Cop -; BMC Ptolemies -; SNG Milan -; Noeske -; Hazzard -; Hosking -, VF, toned, weight 12.815 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 45o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais mint, 285 - 246 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, ∆ left; rare; $540.00 (€405.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Acre, one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world, is at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay in northern Israel. The city occupies an important location on the coast of the Mediterranean, linking to waterways and the commercial activity of the Levant.
SH69932. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3283, Newell Dated 35, Mόller Alexander -, aVF, sculptural high relief, die break at eye, graffiti upper left on reverse, weight 17.019 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ake mint, posthumous, c. 315 - 314 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, Phoenician numeral date (year 32) left below arm; $400.00 (€300.00)

Judaea, Valerius Gratus, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 15 - 26 A.D., Extremely Rare Hybrid
Click for a larger photo  
SH40205. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 319 (hybrid of 316 obverse and 317 reverse), Hendin - (hybrid of 1332 obverse and 1333 reverse), F, weight 1.426 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, Caesarea mint, 15 - 16 A.D.; obverse [KAI]/CAP (sic), legend within wreath; reverse palm frond flanked by L - B (year 2); extremely rare; $320.00 (€240.00)

Persian Empire, Judaea (Yehudah), 375 - 333 B.C.
Click for a larger photo
Minted in Judaea while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. Click here to see a map of the Persian Empire about 500 B.C.
SH54928. Silver half-gerah, Hendin 1059, Meshorer TJC 16, Fine, weight 0.214 g, maximum diameter 6.4 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, c. 350 B.C.; obverse diademed head to right; reverse Aramaic inscription: YHDH (Yehudah), falcon with wings spread, head right; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); rare; $320.00 (€240.00)

Lot of 10 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.
Click for a larger photo  
LT67261. Bronze Hendin 1244, lot of 10 prutot (singular: prutah), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); actual coins in the photograph; $300.00 (€225.00)

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He is only known from the New Testament, his coins and a single stone discovered in 1961 inscribed with Pilate's name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE," which is now in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
JD69873. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, VF, centered, highlighting desert patina, weight 2.579 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 135o, Caesarea mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $260.00 (€195.00)

Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The eight prutot was Herod's largest denomination.
JD64052. Copper eight prutot, Hendin 1169, Meshorer TJC 44, Meshorer AJC II 1, RPC I 4901, F, weight 7.360 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Samaria mint, 40 B.C.; obverse military helmet facing, with cheek pieces and straps, wreathed with acanthus leaves, star above, flanked by two palm-branches; reverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (of King Herod), tripod, ceremonial bowl (lebes) above, LΓ - P (year 3 of the tetrarchy) across fields; $250.00 (€187.50)



ITEMS PER PAGE 13510203050 PAGE 1/9123»»»

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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Fontanille, J.P. Menorah Coin Project Website. http://menorahcoinproject.org.
Gitler, H. & O. Tal. The Coinage of Philistia of the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC: A Study of the Earliest Coins of Palestine. (Milan & New York, 2006).
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins. (Amphora, 2010).
Hamburger, H. "Minute coins from Caesarea" in ATIQOT - Journal of The Israel Dept. of Antiquities, Volume I. (Jerusalem, 1955).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (Including Judaea), and Arabia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 10. (Lancaster, 2010).
Houghton, A., C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. (Lancaster, 2002-2008).
Kadman, L. The Coins of Aelia Capitolina. (Jerusalem, 1956).
Kadman, L. The Coinage of Akko Ptolemais. (Jerusalem, 1961).
Kadman, L. The Coinage of Caesarea Maritima. (Jerusalem, 1957).
Kindler, A. The Coins of Tiberias. (Tiberias, 1961).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y. City-Coins of Eretz Israel and the Decapolis in the Roman Period. (Jerusalem, 1985).
Meshorer, Y. "One Hundred Ninety Years of Tyrian Shekels" in Studies Mildenberg.
Meshorer, Y. Jewish Coins of the Second Temple Period. (Tel-Aviv, 1967).
Meshorer, Y. The Coins of Aelia Capitolina. (Jerusalem, 1989).
Meshorer, Y. "The Coins of Caesarea Paneas" in INJ 8 (1984-5).
Meshorer, Y. "The Coins of Dora" in INJ 9 (1986).
Meshorer, Y. "Monnaies de Raphia" in RN 1976.
Meshorer, Y. and S. Qedar. The Coinage of Samaria in the 4th Century BCE. (Jerusalem, 1991).
Meshorer, Y. and S. Qedar. Samarian Coinage. (Jerusalem, 1999).
Mildenberg, L. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Typos VI. (Aarau, 1984).
Mildenberg, L. “Yehud: A Preliminary Study of the Provincial Coinage of Judaea” in Essays Thompson. (Wetteren, 1979).
Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. I: City-Coins of Palestine: Aelia Kapitolina, Akko, Anthedon Antipatirs and Ascalon. (Jerusalm, 1972).
Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. II: City-Coins of Palestine: Caesarea, Diospolis, Dora, Eleutheropolis, Gaba, Gaza and Joppa. (Jerusalem, 1975).
Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. III: City-Coins of Palestine: Hipos-Sussita, Neapolis, Nicopolis, Nysa-Scytopolis, Caesarea-Panias, Pelusium, Raphia, Sabaste, Sepphoris-Diocaesarea, Tiberias. (Jerusalem, 1977).
Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. IV: The Coinage of Eastern Palestine, and legionary countermarks, Bar-Kochba overstruck. (Jerusalem, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Spijkerman, A. The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia. (Jerusalem, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
van Alfen, P. "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17. (2004-2005).

Catalog current as of Thursday, April 17, 2014.
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Ancient coins of Judaea and Palestine