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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Types>Agriculture PAGE 1/2«««12»»»

Agriculture on Ancient Coins


Iaetia, Sicily, 4th Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Iaitas was located on Mount Jato, near modern San Giuseppe Jato, a village in a hilly region of Palermo's hinterland, 31 km from the Sicilian capital. The settlement dated back to prehistoric times, with influence of Greek culture from the 6th century B.C.
GB65643. Bronze AE 13, Calciati I p.383, 1; SNG ANS 1343; SNG Cop -; SNG München -, aF, rough, weight 1.332 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 180o, Iaetia mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse IATINΩN, man-faced bull right; reverse head of grain on left, grain kernel (or a second head of grain) on right; very rare; $160.00 (€120.00)

Leontini, Sicily, c. 476 - 455 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Leontini was founded by colonists from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in Sicily not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the north.
GS65783. Silver hemilitra, SNG München 548; Boehringer Leontini B; cf. HGC 2 688 (R2, obol); SNG ANS 216 (obol, finer style); BMC Sicily p. 88, 22 (same); SNG Cop 342 (same), F, toned, porous, crude style (perhaps a barbaric imitative), weight 0.297 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 225o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; obverse crude facing lion scalp, dot border; reverse LE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round incuse; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by Forum in 2012; very rare; $160.00 (€120.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 152, there were minor uprisings against Roman rule in Mauritania.
RB65233. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC III 898, BMCRE IV 891, Cohen 51, SRCV II -, VF, small areas of potentially active corrosion, weight 12.916 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 151 - 152 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, radiate head right; reverse ANNONA AVG (in exergue), TR POT XV COS IIII, Annona seated left, stalks of grain in right, cornucopia in left, modius at feet, S - C flanking low across field; $155.00 (€116.25)

Leontini, Sicily, c. 476 - 455 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Leontini was founded by colonists from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in Sicily not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the north.
GS65784. Silver hemilitra, SNG München 548; Boehringer Leontini B; cf. HGC 2 688 (R2, obol); SNG ANS 216 (obol, finer style); BMC Sicily p. 88, 22 (same); SNG Cop 342 (same), aVF, toned, crude style (perhaps a barbaric imitative), weight 0.280 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 0o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; obverse crude facing lion scalp, dot border; reverse LE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round incuse; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by Forum in 2012; very rare; $150.00 (€112.50)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Egypt) and its distribution to the people.
RS68303. Silver denarius, RIC IV 501, RSC III 39, BMCRE V 652, SRCV II 6262, VF, excellent centering, weight 3.572 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia) mint, 198 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right; reverse ANNONAE AVGG, Annona standing half left, right foot on prow, stalks of grain in right, cornucopia in left; $150.00 (€112.50)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Ceres a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for Ceres in Roman art and literature.
RB63872. Copper as, RIC III 1169, SRCV II 4645, BMCRE IV 1566, Cohen 80, VF, nice portrait, green patina, weight 10.727 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTA S C, Ceres standing half left, veiled, grain-ears downward in right, long torch vertical behind in left; $140.00 (€105.00)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people. This type, issued prior to the emperor's expedition against the Sassanid Persians, combined with the legend extolling the emperor's foresite (Providentia Augusti) seems to be intended to reassure that the people's interests would not be forgotten during his absence from the capital.

RS65185. Silver denarius, SRCV II 7923, RIC IV 252, RSC III 508a, BMCRE VI 813, Choice VF, weight 1.951 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia (or Annona) standing left, stalks of grain in right over modius, anchor in left; $140.00 (€105.00)

Leontini, Sicily, c. 476 - 455 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Leontini was founded by colonists from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in Sicily not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the north.
GS67480. Silver hemilitra, SNG München 548; Boehringer Leontini B; cf. HGC 2 688 (R2, obol); SNG ANS 216 (obol, finer style); BMC Sicily p. 88, 22 (same); SNG Cop 342 (same), VF, weight 0.282 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; obverse crude facing lion scalp, dot border; reverse LE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round incuse; very rare; $140.00 (€105.00)

Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Uberitas is the personification of fruitfulness, primarily agricultural fertility.
RS69189. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 28b, RSC IV 105, SRCV III 9384, aEF, superb portrait, weight 4.207 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VBERITAS AVG, Uberitas standing left, purse in right, cornucopia in left; $130.00 (€97.50)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RS68516. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8923, RIC IV 29, RSC IV 32, EF, mint luster, edge cracks, weight 3.437 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing half left, stalks of grain in right over modius overflowing with grain, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $125.00 (€93.75)

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD70493. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, aVF, attractive highlighting patina, porous, uneven strike, weight 2.373 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16 = 29 A.D.) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $125.00 (€93.75)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo In 136 A.D., the Roman province of Iudaea (plus Galilee) became Syria Palaestina, the first use of the name Palestine as a designation for Judea. Roman forces chased the Jews from Galilee.
RX64517. Billon tetradrachm, Kampmann-Ganschow 32.720; Milne 1518; Geissen 1209; SNG Cop 409; BMC Alexandria p. 71, 579; Dattari 1335 cor., VF, excellent centering, weight 12.718 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 136 - 28 Aug 137 A.D.; obverse AYT KAIC TPA − A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate head right; reverse Demeter standing left, wreathed with grain, stalks of grain and poppy heads in right, long torch vertical behind in left, L / K-A (year 21) across field; $110.00 (€82.50)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain.
RB65254. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 168a, Cohen 26, VF/F, grainy with some marks and encrustations, weight 15.635 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 247 - 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG S C, Annona standing left, grain in right over modius at feet, cornucopia in left; $110.00 (€82.50)

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Quadrans were only issued on special occasions, probably imperial distributions. The quadrans was likely redeemable for a modius (Roman container) of grain. Suetonius notes that Caligula used the Basilica Julia as a platform and "from its roof Caligula threw coins among the people." (Suetonius, Caligula 37; Josephus xix.11.1.11). Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd at a similar event by Domitian himself.
RB59848. Copper quadrans, RIC II, part 1, 315; SRCV -, aVF, attractive style, weight 2.180 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 85 A.D.; obverse IMP DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI, draped bust of Ceres right; reverse S C, modius with stalks of grain; ex FORVM 2008; scarce; $110.00 (€82.50) ON RESERVE

Metapontion, Lucania, Italy, 350 - 300 B.C.
Click for a larger photo An unusual coin because the denomination (obol = 1/6 drachm) is spelled out on the reverse.
GB66105. Bronze obol, SNG ANS 554; BMC Italy p. 259, 165; SGCV I 621; SNG Cop -, VF, reverse unevenly struck, weight 7.165 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 270o, Metapontion mint, 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse ME, head of Persephone right, hair rolled and wreathed with barley; reverse OBOLOS, head of grain, poppy head in right field; $100.00 (€75.00)

Ilipense, Hispania Ulterior, c. 150 - 100 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ancient Ilipa is close to modern Alcala del Rio, Seville, Spain. It is best known for the battle of Ilipa during which Scipio Africanus crushed the Carthaginian army in the Second Punic War, bringing the whole Iberia under Roman control and paving the road for the invasion of Africa.
CE66777. Bronze AE 32, Villaronga-Benages 2335 (R2), Burgos 1531, SNG BM 1541 ff., SNG Cop 147, F, weight 21.397 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 0o, Ilipa mint, c. 150 - 100 B.C.; obverse grain stalk; reverse shad (fish) right, crescent with horns up above, ILIPENSE between two horizontal lines below; $100.00 (€75.00)

Leontini, Sicily, 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 214 B.C., Roman forces lead by Marcus Claudius Marcellus stormed Leontini, which had been subject to Syracuse. Marcellus executed 2000 Roman deserters who were hiding in the city and then moved to lay siege to Syracuse. The siege would last for two years, thwarted in part by the military machines created by the famous inventor Archimedes.
GB69013. Bronze AE 19, Calciati III p. 85, 21; SNG Cop 362, SNG München 572, HGC 2 715 (R1); SNG Morcom -, aVF, green patina, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 8.810 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 45o, Leontini mint, Roman rule, 2nd Century B.C.; obverse laureate bust of Artemis (or Apollo) right, quiver behind shoulder; reverse ΛEONTIN−ΩN (clockwise from upper right), Demeter standing left, grain ears upward in extended right, long long torch vertical behind in left, plough at feet left; rare; $100.00 (€75.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo Renamed by Trajan after his sister, Ulpia Marciana, Marcianopolis was an important strategic center for centuries. The city was repeatedly destroyed by barbarian raids (Goths, Huns, Avars and others) but also was repeatedly rebuilt and prospered. During Valens' conflict with the Goths, Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city in Thrace. An Avar raid destroyed the city in 614 or 615.
RP70504. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.37.5.- var (R6, obv legend, reverse legend arrangement), Varbanov I 1976 ff. var (R3, same); SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, VF, scratches, weight 11.799 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, Tullius Menophilus, consular legate; obverse M ANTΩNIOX ΓOP∆IANOC AY, confronted busts; Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and cuirassed from behind; Serapis on right, draped, kalathos on head; AYT K M below; reverse YΠ MHNOΦIΛOY MAPKIANOΠOΛ,I/T/Ω/N (last four letters in right field), Demeter standing facing, wearing kalathos, grain in right, long torch vertical behind in left, E in left; an unpublished variation of a scarce type; $100.00 (€75.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire."
RP48205. Bronze AE 27, Varbanov 5567, AMNG I/II 3402, SNG Stancomb -, VF, cleaning scratches, weight 13.328 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 30o, Tomis mint, obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TOMEΩC (final C in right field), Demeter standing left, grain and poppy in right, long torch vertical in left, ∆ left; $90.00 (€67.50)

Maximinus I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia
Click for a larger photo Nicaea remained an important town throughout the imperial period. Although only 70 km (43 miles) from Constantinople, Nicaea did not lose its importance when Constantinople became the capital of the Eastern Empire. The city suffered from earthquakes in 358, 362 and 368; after the last of which, it was restored by Valens. During the Middle Ages it was a long time bulwark of the Byzantine emperors against the Turks.
RP63072. Bronze AE 24, SNGvA 629 - 630; Rec Gén p 479, 637; BMC Pontus -; SNG Cop -; SNG Tüb -, F, weight 7.041 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, Nicaea mint, obverse Γ IOY OYH MAΞI−IMEINOC AYΓ, laureate, draped bust right, from behind; reverse NIKAIEΩN, Demeter standing facing, head left, stalks of grain in right, long torch in left; rare; $90.00 (€67.50)

Sardinia, Punic Rule, 241 - 238 B.C.
Click for a larger photo After the Roman fleet decisively defeated the Carthaginian fleet in 241 B.C., ending the First Punic War, Carthage was forced to agree to abandon all claims on Sicily, to refrain from sailing warships in Italian waters, and to pay an indemnity of 3,200 talents. In 238 B.C., Rome declared war on Carthage demanding control of Sardinia. To avoid war, Carthage abandoned Sardinia.
GB65898. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop I 1106; SNG Cop VII 252; Lindgren II 645 - 646, F, pitted, crude style, weight 3.748 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 225o, Sardinian mint, c. 264 - 241 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit wreathed in barley left; reverse three barley stalks, pellet in crescent with horns downward above; $90.00 (€67.50)

Roman Republic, C. Memmius C.f., 56 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The reverse refers to the victories in Bithynia and Pontus of the moneyer's uncle, C. Memmius L.f. Gemellus. Gemellus, a son in law of Sulla, assumed the title imperator in 57 B.C.
RR69354. Silver denarius, SRCV I 387, Sydenham 920, Crawford 427/1, RSC I Memmia 10, aF, weight 16.284 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 56 B.C.; obverse head of Ceres right, wreathed in grain; reverse naked captive at the foot of a trophy of arms, on right knee, hands bound behind his back, C·MEMMI·C·F downward on right, IMPERATOR downward on left; $90.00 (€67.50)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Ceres a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for Ceres in Roman art and literature.
RB57166. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III A. Pius 1116(a), Cohen 79, SRCV II 4614, F, weight 23.322 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTA S C, Ceres standing half left, grain-ears in right, long torch vertical behind in left; $85.00 (€63.75)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona with a modius and anchor suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces, especially from Africa, and its distribution to the people. When Severus Alexander was away on his Persian and German campaigns (231-235) he continuously struck Annona types. With the legend PROVIDENTIA AVG, "The Foresight of the Emperor," he assured that, though he was away, he would be carefully monitoring Rome's grain supply!
RB66646. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 645, BMCRE V 815, Cohen 509, SRCV 8013, F, flaw on obverse, weight 19.429 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG S C, Providentia (or Annona) standing left, holding grain over modius in right, anchor in left; $80.00 (€60.00)

Tiberius and Drusus Caesar, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Uncertain Mint (Philippi?), Macedonia
Click for a larger photo Drusus, the only son of Tiberius, never obtained the throne. Drusus' wife Livilla was seduced by the praetorian prefect Sejanus. She poisoned Drusus to support Sejanus' plot to become emperor. Years later the plot was discovered and Sejanus and Livilla were executed.
RP59942. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 1658; BMC Mysia p. 104, 92 (Parium); SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -, aF, weight 5.335 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Philippi(?) mint, obverse TI AVG DRVSVS CAESAR, jugate heads of Tiberius and Drusus right; reverse two priests plowing right behind oxen; $75.00 (€56.25)

Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Saturn was an ancient Roman god of fertility, especially of agriculture and usually carries a sickle as his symbol. Saturn was worshiped in a winter festival called the Saturnalia and his name was/is used for the day of the week, Saturday.
RS47730. Billon antoninianus, SRCV III 9922 (Antioch), RIC V 210 (Viminacium), RSC IV 8, VF, weight 3.882 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 254 - 255 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse AETERNITATI AVGG, Saturn standing right, holding scythe; light toning over luster (better than the photo); scarce; $70.00 (€52.50)

Carus, Early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Abundantia, her Greek name is Euthenia, stands for abundance or plenty. Her attributes are heads of grain and the cornucopia. She can be seated or standing and is sometimes shown emptying a cornucopia.
RB50697. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 68, Cohen 3, VF, weight 4.091 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse IMP C CARVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ABVNDANTIA AVG, Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopia, TXXI in ex; $70.00 (€52.50)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo The Greek numeral sixteen (Iς) above Nilus refers to what was considered the ideal height of the annual Nile flood, sixteen cubits. Less could mean drought or famine. Even in modern times grand celebrations were held when the flood reached 16 cubits. In years when the flood failed to reach 16 cubits, the celebrations were canceled, and prayers and fasting were held instead. The peak flood occurred at the end of August, which explains why the Egyptian year began on 29 August.
RX59672. Bronze drachm, Geissen 992; BMC Alexandria p. 92, 786 cor (says elephant); Milne 1267; Dattari 1805; SNG Cop 346; Kampman and Ganschow 32.462, aF, weight 25.972 g, maximum diameter 34.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 127 - 28 Aug 128 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TRA A∆PIA CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse Nilus reclining left, cornucopia from which genius emerges in right, reed in left, hippopotamus under elbow, Iς above, L ∆W∆EK (regnal year 12) in ex; big 34.5 mm bronze!; $70.00 (€52.50)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
Click for a larger photo Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
RP82523. Bronze AE 19, BMC Galatia p. 86, 318 var (reverse legend), aVF, weight 6.709 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 227 A.D.; obverse AVK CEOVH AΛEΞAN[...], laureate head right; reverse MHTPO KAICA, three double-head stalks of grain tied together, ET - ϖ across bottom; $65.00 (€48.75)

Sardinia, Punic Rule, 241 - 238 B.C.
Click for a larger photo After the Roman fleet decisively defeated the Carthaginian fleet in 241 B.C., ending the First Punic War, Carthage was forced to agree to abandon all claims on Sicily, to refrain from sailing warships in Italian waters, and to pay an indemnity of 3,200 talents. In 238 B.C., Rome declared war on Carthage demanding control of Sardinia. To avoid war, Carthage abandoned Sardinia.
GB63422. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop Vol. 1, 1106; SNG Cop Vol. 7, 252; Lindgren II 645 - 646, F, green patina, weight 7.660 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sardinian mint, c. 264 - 241 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit wreathed in barley left; reverse three barley stalks, pellet in crescent with horns downward above; $65.00 (€48.75)

Roman Republic, L. Furius Cn.f. Brocchus, 63 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 63 B.C. Pompey captured Jerusalem and annexed Palestine.
RR69347. Silver denarius, SRCV I 365, Crawford 414/1, Sydenham 902a, RSC I Furia 23a, F, toned, weight 3.726 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 63 B.C.; obverse III - VIR / BROCCHI, head of Ceres right, wearing wreath of grain, lock of hair falls down neck, between wheat-ear and barleycorn; reverse L•FVRI / CN•F, curule chair between two fasces with axes; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $65.00 (€48.75)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo Struck in the year that Faustina Senior died.
RX58856. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 1327; Dattari 2183; Kampmann-Ganschow 35.61; BMC Alexandria p. 109, 934 (poppy head(?) vice crescent); Milne 1655 var (obv leg); Emmett 1374, F, weight 12.362 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 140 - 28 Aug 141 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse bust of Demeter right, wearing kalathos ornamented with a crescent, veil, necklace, earrings and chiton, torch over right shoulder, L ∆ (year 4) in right field; $60.00 (€45.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Hadrianopolis, Thrace
Click for a larger photo Demeter in Greek mythology is the goddess of grain and fertility, the pure; nourisher of the youth and the green earth, the health-giving cycle of life and death; and preserver of marriage and the sacred law. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, dated to about the seventh century B.C. she is invoked as the "bringer of seasons," a subtle sign that she was worshipped long before she was made one of the Olympians. She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian pantheon.
RP63411. Bronze AE 25, Jurukova 607 var (different obv die and obv legend break, -/R587), Varbanov II -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, BMC Thrace -, VF, weight 9.943 g, maximum diameter 25.0 mm, die axis 180o, Hadrianopolis mint, obverse AYT K M AN−T ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse A∆PIANOΠOΛITΩN, Demeter standing left, patera extended in right, long grounded torch vertical behind in left; very rare; $60.00 (€45.00)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona with a modius and anchor suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces, especially from Africa, and its distribution to the people. When Severus Alexander was away on his Persian and German campaigns (231-235) he continuously struck Annona types. With the legend PROVIDENTIA AVG, "The Foresight of the Emperor," he assured that, though he was away, he would be carefully monitoring Rome's grain supply!
RS59850. Silver denarius, SRCV II 7923, RIC IV 252, RSC III 508a, BMCRE VI 813, VF, scratches, weight 3.143 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia (or Annona) standing left, stalks of grain in right over modius, anchor in left; $60.00 (€45.00)

Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Click for a larger photo Faustina I was the wife of Antoninus Pius. Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. Antoninus Pius loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D. she was deified and a temple was built in her honor.
RB57873. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1118, aF, weight 28.776 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing half left, torch in right, grain in left,; $55.00 (€41.25)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Nicomedia, Bithynia
Click for a larger photo Nicomedia was the Roman metropolis of Bithynia. Diocletian made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained as the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in Nicomedia as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared the nearby Byzantium (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.
RP63209. Bronze assarion, RPC online 5588; Rec Gén II p. 523, 50; BMC Pontus p. 181, 12; SNG Cop 553 var (laur head, legends); SNGvA 744 var (same), F, weight 3.308 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, obverse ANTON KAI-CAP CEB (from upper right), bare-headed draped bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMHT - NEIKO, Demeter standing half left, wearing veil, chiton and peplos, two stalks of grain downward in right, long flaming torch vertical behind in left; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by Forum in 2012; $50.00 (€37.50)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 247, Philip the Arab celebrated the millennium of Rome by holding the Ludi Saeculares.
RS41761. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8924, RIC IV 59, RSC IV 33, VF, nicely centered, weight 4.435 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing half left, stalks of grain in right over prow, cornucopia in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $45.00 (€33.75)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo AVGG indicates there were two Augusti, Philip I, the Arab, and his son and joint ruler, Philip II.
RS41781. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8922, RIC IV 28c, RSC IV 25, aEF, well centered and struck, light scratch on reverse, weight 4.423 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing half left, stalks of grain in right over modius overflowing with grain, cornucopia in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $45.00 (€33.75)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo AVGG indicates there were two Augusti, Philip I, the Arab, and his son and joint ruler, Philip II.
RS45594. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8923, RIC IV 29, RSC IV 32, Choice gVF, weight 3.438 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, stalks of grain in right over prow, cornucopia in left; full circles centering; $45.00 (€33.75)

Side, Pamphylia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.
GB59669. Bronze AE 17, SNG BnF 759 ff.; BMC Lycia p. 172, 51; SNG Cop 381 ff., VF, weight 3.543 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 270o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st Cent B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse pomegranate; $45.00 (€33.75)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In Castra Regina, Germania around 156 A.D, an attack by seventeen zombies left a prominent cleric infected. The Roman commander that was sent to dispatch the outbreak, recognizing the signs of a newly turned zombie, ordered his troops to destroy the former holy man. The "death" of the zombified cleric enraged the local citizens of the region, and started a riot. -- Zombiepedia. (Of course this is fiction, but apparently nothing interesting really happened in 156 A.D.)
RS68586. Silver denarius, RSC II 1021, RIC III 262, SRCV II -, aF, obverse defect, weight 2.639 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 156 - 157 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XX COS IIII, Annona seated right, cradling cornucopia in both hands, modius at feet; $45.00 (€33.75)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RB69506. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2037, SRCV II -, F, small open edge crack, grainy fields, weight 27.708 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing right, left foot on prow, rudder on globe vertical behind in right, modius overflowing with stalks of grain resting on left knee and balanced with left hand, S - C flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; bargain priced BIG brass!; $45.00 (€33.75)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo AVGG indicates there were two Augusti, Philip I, the Arab, and his son and joint ruler, Philip II.
RS53940. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8923, RIC IV 29, RSC IV 32, VF, weight 4.234 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, stalks of grain in right over prow, cornucopia in left; $40.00 (€30.00)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
Click for a larger photo Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
BB68963. Bronze AE 21, Sydenham Caesarea 596 var (legends); SNG Cop 301 var (same); BMC Galatia p. 92, 338 var (same); SNG Hunterian -, F, weight 9.602 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea mint, 229 A.D.; obverse AY K CEOYH AΛEΞAN∆, laureate head right; reverse MHTP KAICAP, three stalks of grain bound together, ET- H (year 8) across bottom; $40.00 (€30.00)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RB69507. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC III 656, BMCRE IV 1330, Cohen 36, SRCV II 4264, F, grainy rough surfaces, weight 12.352 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 140 - 144 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS I, radiate head right; reverse ANNONA AVG, Annona standing slightly right, head right, two stalks of grain downward in right over modius at feet on left, cornucopia in right, ships stern in background on right, S - C flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€30.00)

Side, Pamphylia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Found in Israel.
GB42682. Bronze AE 17, SNG BnF 759 ff., BMC Lycia p. 172, 51, F, weight 3.217 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 90o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse pomegranate; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); $36.00 (€27.00)

Neandreia, Troas, c. 350 - 310 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Neandreia, Troas was located about 9 km east of Alexandria Troas. In 310 B.C., Antigonus I Monophthalmus founded Antigonia Troas (renamed Alexandria Troas by Lysimachos in 301 B.C.) and moved the citizens of nearby cities, including Neandreia to his new city. In the 1st century A.D., Pliny the Elder listed Neandreia among the settlements in the Troad which no longer existed.
GB50496. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 449, SGCV II 4120, F, weight 1.181 g, maximum diameter 10.2 mm, die axis 180o, Neandreia mint, c. 350 - 310 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse NEAN, grain kernel center and bunch of grapes on stem to right; $36.00 (€27.00)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo When Severus Alexander was away on his Persian and German campaigns (231-235), he continuously struck Annona types. With the legend PROVIDENTIA AVG, "The Foresight of the Emperor," he assured that, though he was away, he would be carefully monitoring Rome's grain supply!
RB69681. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 642, Cohen 503, F, weight 22.648 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia (or Annona) standing left, holding grain over modius in right, cornucopia in left, S - C flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $29.00 (€21.75)

Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 357 B.C., Philip conquered Amphipolis, removing a major block on the road to Macedonian control over Thrace. Philip established a mint in the city but Philippi preserved its autonomy until it was fully integrated into the Macedonian Kingdom under Philip V. Amphipolis was an important naval base for Alexander. After the final victory of Rome over Macedonia in 168 B.C., Amphipolis became the capital one of the four mini-republics, or 'merides,' created by the Romans out of the kingdom of the Antigonids. These 'merides' were gradually incorporated into the Roman client state, and later the province of Thracia.
BB55547. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 59, F, weight 3.990 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right; reverse AMΦIΠO/ΛITΩN, stalk of grain; $17.00 (€12.75)



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