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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ SpesView Options:  |  |  | 

Elpis or Spes

Elpis was the Greek, and Spes the Roman, personification of Hope. According the Hesiod's famous story, Elpis was the last to escape the Pandora's box. It can be debated whether she was really about "hope" as we understand it, or rather mere "expectation." In art, Elpis is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - the last resort of men.


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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In 359, King Shapur II the Great of the Persian Empire invaded southern Armenia. The Romans implemented a scorched earth policy and placed strong guards at the Euphrates crossings. He besieged the Roman fortress of Amida (modern Diyarbakir). After seventy-three days the city was conquered and the population was massacred. That winter Shapur halted his campaign due to heavy casualties. In 360, Shapur II continued his campaign against the Roman fortresses; capturing Singara, Bezabde and Nisibis.
RL77935. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Antioch 193 (S), LRBC II 2638, Voetter 33, SRCV V 18321, Cohen VIII 188, VF, nice green patina, tight slightly ragged flan, weight 2.628 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 358 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES REIPVBLICE (the hope of the Republic), emperor standing left, wearing helmet and military dress, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, ANS in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex-Lindgren; scarce; $30.00 (Ä26.70)


Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D.

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During the Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284 A.D.), the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression. In the western provinces, official mints did not meet the needs for low-value coinage and unofficial private mints struck imitations of Roman coins (usually antoniniani). These unofficial imitations, called barbarous radiates today, were not counterfeits. They were smaller than standard issues, were not intended to deceive, and probably only functioned as small change. The most frequently imitated prototypes are of the Gallic emperors Tetricus I and his son, Tetricus II.
RA79592. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 136, Cohen VI 170, SRCV III 11250, Hunter IV - (p. ci), VF, nice portrait, nice green patina, tight ragged flan with edge cracks, light scratches, earthen deposits, weight 2.640 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 272 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, flower in right hand, raising fold of chiton with left; ex Rusty Romans; $24.00 (Ä21.36)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 359, King Shapur II the Great of the Persian Empire invaded southern Armenia. The Romans implemented a scorched earth policy and placed strong guards at the Euphrates crossings. He besieged the Roman fortress of Amida (modern Diyarbakir). After seventy-three days the city was conquered and the population was massacred. That winter Shapur halted his campaign due to heavy casualties.
BB83805. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 213, LRBC II 1689, Voetter 41, SRCV V 18316, Cohen VIII 188, aVF, green patina, tight ragged flan, weight 1.524 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 225o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES REIPVBLICE (the hope of the Republic), emperor standing left, wearing helmet and military dress, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, SMTSΓ in exergue; $9.00 (Ä8.01)







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Catalog current as of Thursday, May 25, 2017.
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Elpis or Spes