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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ BulgariaView Options:  |  |  | 

Medieval Coins of Bulgaria

Bulgaria, Second Empire, Ivan Shishman, 1371 - 1395 A.D.

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Ivan Alexander divided his kingdom between his two sons. Ivan Shishman inherited the central portion of Bulgaria with the capital Tarnovo. In 1393, after three-month siege, Tarnovo fell to the Ottoman Empire. Ivan Shishman continued to rule in Nikopol as an Ottoman vassal but Sultan Bayezit I had him beheaded on June 3, 1395.
SH59927. Billon trachy, Radushev and Zhekov type 1.15. 15-16; Yokourova and Penchev 131, gVF, weight 1.120 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tarnovo mint, 1371 - 1393; obverse rampant lion left; reverse Shishman tsar monogram; $215.00 (187.05)


Bulgaria, Second Empire, Konstantin I Tikh, 1257 - 1277

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Read more about Konstantin I Tikh on Wikipedia.
SH59924. Bronze trachy, Raduchev and Zhekov type 1.4.11, Youroukova and Penchev 42, gVF, nice green patina, weight 3.121 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, obverse IX - XC, facing bust of Christ Pantokrator (Christ All-Powerful); reverse Konstantine I turned facing on horseback right, patriarchal cross in right; $180.00 (156.60)


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Mitso Asen was married to Maria, the daughter of Ivan Asen II (1218-1241). He took the throne in 1256 after the murder of her cousin, Kaliman Asen II. The nobility proclaimed Constantine Tikh tsar in 1257. Mitso had to flee to the court of Michael VIII Palaiologos at Nicaea from whom he received lands in Troas.
SH63701. Bronze trachy, Raduchev and Zekov type 1.6.2-5, Yokourova 137, VF, double struck, weight 2.340 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, Tarnovo mint, 1256 - 1257; obverse Nimbate facing half length figure of Saint Nicholas, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left; reverse half length figure of the Emperor, three pronged scepter in right over shoulder, cross in left, monogram on left; rare; $175.00 (152.25)


Second Bulgarian Empire, Ivan Shishman, 1371 - 1395 A.D.

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Ivan Alexander divided his kingdom between his two sons. Ivan Shishman inherited the central portion of Bulgaria with the capital Tarnovo. In 1393, after three-month siege, Tarnovo fell to the Ottoman Empire. Ivan Shishman continued to rule in Nikopol as an Ottoman vassal but Sultan Bayezit I had him beheaded on June 3, 1395.
ME47142. Silver grosch, reduced weight; Moushmov 7454, pl. LXV 8, c. 0.60g, c. 15mm diameter, Tarnovo mint, c. 1380 - 1393 A.D.; obverse Czar standing facing, cruciform scepter in left, legend and monograms around; reverse half length figure of Virgin Orans facing, infant Christ's head facing at Her breast, M − Θ across field flanking head; VF or better, nice examples with the usual imperfect strikes and slightly wavy flans; Forum's random selection from the same group as the coins in the photograph; one coin; $80.00 (69.60)


Second Bulgarian Empire, Vidin Kingdom, Ivan Stratsimir, 1356 - 1397 A.D.

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Ivan Alexander divided his kingdom between his two sons. Ivan Stratsimir received Vidin. In 1365, the Hungarian King Louis I of Anjou captured Vidin. Sratsimir and his family were held captive in Croatia for four years but in 1369 Sratsimir was restored to his throne under Hungarian overlordship. After the Ottoman invasion in 1388, he was forced to acknowledge Ottoman overlordship and garrisons. In 1396 Sratsimir and his subjects aligned themselves with the anti-Ottoman Crusade led by the Hungarian king Sigismund of Luxemburg. The crusade ended in disaster at the battle of Nikopol on 25 Sep 1396. By the end of 1397 Sultan Bayezid I approached Vidin and, assured by the promise of his safety, Ivan Stratsimir came out to meet him. On the order of Bayezid I, Ivan Stratsimir was arrested and conveyed to Bursa, while the Sultan confiscated the contents of the Vidin treasury. Sratsimir's fate is unknown. Vidin was likely annexed by the Ottoman Empire in 1397, but at least part of the realm remained under the control of Sratsimir's son and heir Constantine II.

This type is described as a half grosch in older references.
ME47140. Silver grosch, reduced weight; A. Radushev, G. Jecov. Catalog of the Bulgarian Medieval Coins. p. 178, 1.14.4; Moushmov 7542, c. 0.50g, c. 16mm diameter, Vidin mint, 1371 - 1376 A.D.; obverse nimbate half length figure of Christ, right hand raised in benediction, book of gospels in left, IC - XC flanking head, legend around; reverse Stratsimir enthroned facing, nimbate, scepter in right, mappa in left, lis left and right, rosette between legs, legend around; VF, typical crude examples with uneven strikes and wavy flans; Forum's random selection from the same group as the coins in the photograph; one coin; rare; $60.00 (52.20)


Second Bulgarian Empire, Ivan Shishman, 1371 - 1395 A.D.

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Ivan Alexander divided his kingdom between his two sons. Ivan Shishman inherited the central portion of Bulgaria with the capital Tarnovo. In 1393, after three-month siege, Tarnovo fell to the Ottoman Empire. Ivan Shishman continued to rule in Nikopol as an Ottoman vassal but Sultan Bayezit I had him beheaded on June 3, 1395.
ME74994. Silver grosch, reduced weight; Yuroukova and Penchev 128; Moushmov 7454, pl. LXV 8, F, toned, ragged flan, weight 0.425 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, Tarnovo mint, c. 1380 - 1393 A.D.; obverse half length figure of Virgin Orans facing, infant Christ's head facing at Her breast, M − Θ across field flanking head; reverse Czar standing facing, cruciform scepter in left, legend and monograms around; $24.00 (20.88)







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REFERENCES

Dochev, K. Coins and Coin Usage in Turnovo (XII-XIV c.). (Tirnovo, 1992).
Jordanov, I. Corpus of Byzantine Seals from Bulgaria. (Sofia, 2003).
Raduchev A. and G. Zhekov. Catalogue of Bulgarian Coins. (Sophia, 1999).
Youroukova P. and V. Penchev. Bulgarian Mediaeval Coins and Seals. (Sofia, 1990).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 04, 2015.
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Medieval Bulgaria