Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombards conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774. Dates of operation: c. 274 - 326 A.D. Mintmarks: T.
Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.
Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain.
RB48473. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 447, aVF, weight 3.114 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, obverse IMP NVMERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reversePROVIDENT AVGG, Providentia (Annona?) standing left, stalks of grain in right, cornucopia in left, modius at feet, VXXI in ex; $45.00 (€33.75)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series III (Star) of Ticinum, T, VXXI
Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click "EQVITI" to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "T" in the reversefield is the fifth letter of the codewordEQVITI. The letter "V" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the fifth officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RB69511. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 517, aVF, weight 3.880 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, obverseVIRTVS PROBI AVG, helmeted, radiate and cuirassedbust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left; reversePAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive branch in right and transverse scepter in left, T left, star right, VXXI in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $36.00 (€27.00)