Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombards conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774. Dates of operation: c. 274 - 326 A.D. Mintmarks: T.
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Open civil war between Constantine and Licinius broke in 316 when Constantine invaded Licinius' Balkan provinces. Licinius fled to Adrianople where he collected a second army, under the command of ValeriusValens whom he raised to the rank of Augustus. Constantine defeated Licinius at the Battle of Campus Ardiensis, but the victory was indecisive. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. The peace lasted for about seven years.
RL70694. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Ticinum 45, F, uneven strike, weight 3.402 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 316 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassedbust right; reverseSOLI INVICTOCOMITI, Sol standing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left, cross left, star right, PT in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $35.00 (€26.25)