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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ TicinumView Options:  |  |  |     

Ticinum (Pavia), Italy

Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombard's conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774. Dates of operation: c. 274 - 326 A.D. Mintmarks: T.


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 277, Probus entered Rome to have his position as Emperor ratified by the Senate.
RA29519. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 351 var. (bust type); Pink VI-1, pp. 49-51; Hunter IV 116; Maravielle -; Cohen VI -; SRCV -, aVF, weight 3.197 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 277 - 278 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate nude heroic bust left, aegis across shoulder and spear in right hand; reverse CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing slightly right, radiate, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, TXXT in exergue; very rare; $70.00 (€62.30)
 


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series III of Ticinum, T, VXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series III - click "EQVITI" to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "T" in the reverse field is the fifth letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter "V" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the fifth officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RB64523. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 516d, VF, weight 3.701 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 190o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, emission 10, 282 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle tipped scepter in right; reverse PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive branch in right and transverse scepter in left, T left, star right, VXXI in exergue; $70.00 (€62.30)
 


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278, Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the defenses on the Rhine, resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces of the Roman Empire, and adopted the titles of Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
RA67088. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 376; Cohen VI 284; Pink VI-1, p. 63, EF, light corrosion on reverse, struck with a worn reverse die, weight 3.026 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 315o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 278 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield decorated with horseman in left; reverse HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules Pacifier standing half left, nude, raising olive-branch in right hand, club and lion skin in left, SXXT in exergue; scarce; $70.00 (€62.30)
 


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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In 303 A.D., Diocletian began to persecute the Christians in earnest.
RB73834. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 46a, SRCV IV 14092, Cohen VII 264, VF, some roughness, weight 8.743 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, as caesar, c. 300 - 303 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR (unbroken), Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, ST• in exergue; $65.00 (€57.85)
 


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 277 A.D., Probus began his campaign in Gaul, clearing the Goths and Germanic tribes from the province.
RB48410. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 366, VF, weight 3.894 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield decorated with florets and stars; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, standard in each hand, VIXXT in exergue; rare with this shield decoration; $60.00 (€53.40)
 


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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The officina is an interesting notation of five, using U instead of the usual V or E. This notation only became common on Byzantine coins, at a much later date. RIC 163 also records officina six for the type, written in Latin, VI. MER-RIC lists this type as sixth officina (UI).
RB20256. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3449, RIC V 163, BnF XII 1704, Venèra 1928 - 1949, SRCV III 11812, Choice VF, well centered, traces of slivering, light marks, weight 3.660 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 2nd emission, early-mid 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing left, raising right hand to head, resting left elbow on column, U in exergue; ex Forum (2007); $50.00 (€44.50)
 


Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

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Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombard's conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774.
RA67085. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1550, BnF XII 634, RIC V 152, Hunter IV 63, Venèra 5548 - 5609, Normanby 1269, gVF, near full silvering, weak reverse, weight 3.554 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, issue 4, Nov 274 - Sep 275; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDEN DEOR (foresight of the gods), Fides on left holding standard in each hand facing Sol standing left, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, TXXT in exergue; $50.00 (€44.50)
 


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RB48408. Silvered antoninianus, MER-RIC 3368, BnF XII 1653, Venèra 1307 - 1328 (LV 1859), RIC V 158 corr., VF, perfect centering, some silvering, some earthen encrustation, weight 3.991 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 1st emission, Nov - Dec 275 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS AVG, Salus seated left, feeding snake rising from altar, T in exergue; $45.00 (€40.05)
 


Carinus, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome. Providentia figures in art, cult, and literature, but has little or no mythology as such.
RA60035. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 303; Cohen VI 111; Pink VI-2, p. 28; SRCV III 12353, Hunter IV -, VF, weight 4.146 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 283 A.D.; obverse IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENT AVGG, Providentia standing left, heads of grain downward in right hand over modius at feet on left, cornucopia in left hand, VIXXI in exergue; $45.00 (€40.05)
 


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 280 - 281, Probus put down three usurpers, Julius Saturninus, Proculus and Bonosus. The extent of these revolts is not clear, but there are clues that they were not just local problems. In 281, the emperor was in Rome, where he celebrated his triumph. Probus was eager to start his eastern campaign, delayed by the revolts in the west. He left Rome in 282, traveling first towards Sirmium, his birth city.
RA77912. Billon antoninianus, SRCV III 12059 (also this bust); Cohen VI 817 (same); Pink VI-1, p. 62-63/4B; RIC V, part 2, 436; Hunter IV -, aVF, well centered, some silvering, some bumps and marks, some corrosion, weight 3.088 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, emission 4, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left in imperial mantle, eagle tipped scepter in right hand; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, Victory in right hand, grounded shield and vertical spear behind in left hand, QXXT in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $36.00 (€32.04)
 




    



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Catalog current as of Wednesday, September 28, 2016.
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Ticinum