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Home>Catalog>MedievalCoins>Crusaders PAGE 2/3«««123

Coins of the Crusaders

The crusades were military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims. The origin of the word may be traced to the cross made of cloth and worn as a badge on the outer garment of those who took part in these enterprises. The Crusader states were a number of mostly 12th- and 13th-century feudal states created by Western European crusaders in Asia Minor, Greece and the Holy Land, and during the Northern Crusades in the eastern Baltic area. Politics were complicated, including a Christian alliance with the Islamic Sultanate of Rûm during the Fifth Crusade. The Crusaders ravaged the countries they marched through, killed 8,000 Jews in the Rhineland in the first of Europe’s pogroms, devastated the Mediterranean ports, fought amongst themselves as much as the "Infidel" and fleeced their subjects to fill their coffers. Murder and massacre in the service of the Gospel was commonplace. Seventy thousand civilians were butchered in the sack of Jerusalem. The end came in 1291 with the fall of Acre, the last Christian stronghold in the Holy Land. Near East 1135


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV (2nd Reign) - Bohemond V, 1215 - 1250 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Magna Carta or The Great Charter of the Liberties of England was issued originally issued on on 15 June 1215. In the medieval period, the Magna Carta in did not generally limit the power of kings, but by the time of the English Civil War it had become an important symbol for those who wished to show that the King was bound by the law. It influenced the early settlers in New England and inspired later constitutional documents, including the United States Constitution.
CR65307. Bronze pougeoise, Metcalf Crusaders 478, cf. Malloy Crusaders 107, VF, uneven strike, weight 0.872 g, maximum diameter 16.50 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 1215 - 1250 A.D.; obverse + BOAMVNDVS, fleur de lis, flanked by two pellets above; reverse + ANTIOCHIA, cross pattée, pellet in each quarter; scarce; $60.00 (€45.00)

Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, Peter II, 1369 - 1382
Click for a larger photo Peter II's reign was a period of decline. He lost his father's Cypriot possessions in Asia Minor. The Genoese invaded causing massive damage. They then captured him and the fortified port Famagusta after they were allowed entrance for negotiation. He was forced to make a humiliating agreement, requiring huge payments and giving up Famagusta and Kyrenia to Genoese sovereignty.
SH67852. Bronze fractional dinar, Malloy Crusaders 106; Seltman, Num. Circ. (Feb 1968), p. 37, fig. 2, F, obverse off center, weight 0.708 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1369 - 1382; obverse + PIERE. ROI D, Lion of Cyprus rampant left; reverse + IERUALEM, cross pattée, pellet in each quarter; extremely rare; $60.00 (€45.00)

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Bohemond IV (2nd Reign) - Bohemond V, 1215 - 1250 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Magna Carta or The Great Charter of the Liberties of England was issued originally issued on on 15 June 1215. In the medieval period, the Magna Carta in did not generally limit the power of kings, but by the time of the English Civil War it had become an important symbol for those who wished to show that the King was bound by the law. It influenced the early settlers in New England and inspired later constitutional documents, including the United States Constitution.
CR67307. Bronze pougeoise, Metcalf Crusaders 475, Malloy Crusaders 110, F, uneven strike, obverse slightly rough, weight 1.066 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 270o, Antioch mint, 1215 - 1250 A.D.; obverse + BOAMVNDVS, fleur de lis, flanked by two pellets above; reverse + ANTIOCHIA, cross pattée, pellet in each quarter; scarce; $60.00 (€45.00)

Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, Hugh I, 1205 - 1218
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A. J. Seltman Collection.
CR68129. Billon denier, Malloy Crusaders 12; Metcalf Crusaders Class IV, Fair, struck with clashed dies, fragment of another coin attached to obverse, weight 0.750 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, obverse + • hVGO • REX •, cross pattée, crescent in upper left and lower right quarters, annulets in upper right and lower left quarter, pellet stops in legend; reverse + • CYPRI •, gateway with battlements; struck with clashed dies, fragment of another coin attached to reverse; scarce; $60.00 (€45.00)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Philip of Savoy, 1301 - 1307
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.

Metcalf indicates all of Philip's coins appear to have been struck at Corinth.
CR59366. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 20; Metcalf Crusaders type PS1, VF, weight 0.889 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Corinth mint, obverse + Phs•D'SAB•P•AChE, cross pattée; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, five pointed star below, quatrefoil (or fleur-de-lis) on each side of cross; $60.00 (€45.00)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31348. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 72, F, reverse double struck, weight 0.841 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 315o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P ACHE, cross pattée, crescent downward in upper right quarter; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois; very rare; $55.00 (€41.25)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31346. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 75, F, weight 0.754 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P ACHE, cross pattée; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois, R below; very rare; $50.00 (€37.50)

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112
Click for a larger photo St. Peter is the patron saint of Antioch.

Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. He was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.
CR67854. Bronze follis, Malloy Crusaders 6, Metcalf Crusaders 71 ff., VF, weight 2.908 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 90o, Antioch mint, obverse S PETVS, St. Peter standing facing, wearing tunic and cloak, blessing with right, cross in left; reverse D - S / F - T (Domine salvum fac Tancredum - O Lord, save Tancred) in the four corners of a slender cross; $50.00 (€37.50)

Crusaders, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Oshin, 1308 - 1320 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Oshin became king on the death of his nephew Leo III and brother Hethum at the hands of the Mongol general Bilarghu. Oshin favored a union of the Armenian and Roman churches, which aroused popular discontent. On his death on July 20, 1320, Oshin was succeeded by his minor son Leo IV. It was popularly believed that Oshin was poisoned by his cousin (and brother-in-law) Oshin of Corycos.
CR66539. Copper Pogh, Nercessian 448 ff., F, weight 1.247 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 135o, Sis mint, 1308 - 1320 A.D.; obverse Armenian inscription: + Oshin King of the Armenians, Oshin seated facing, cross in right, fleur-de-lis in left; reverse Armenian inscription: + Struck in the City of Sis, plain cross pattée; $50.00 (€37.50)

Crusaders, Principality of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Bohemond V was ruler of the Principality of Antioch and Count of Tripoli from 1233 to his death. Like his father before him, Bohemond had a notorious dislike for the Knights Hospitaller and the neighboring Kingdom of Armenia, preferring an alliance with the Knights Templar. Peace with Armenia was assured only shortly before his death, with the mediation of Louis IX of France.
CR70277. Bronze pougeoise, Malloy Crusaders 21, Metcalf Crusaders 555, aVF, weight 0.857 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, Tripoli mint, 1233 - 1251 A.D.; obverse + CIVITAS, cross pomme, pellet in circle at center and pellet in each quarter; reverse TRIPOLIS, Genoese gateway or tower with double door and three crenelations; scarce; $50.00 (€37.50)

Medieval Lead Token, c. 12th - 15th Century
Click for a larger photo Martin Dean's "Lead Tokens from the River Thames at Windsor and Wallingford," in Numismatic Chronical 1977, includes numerous somewhat similar tokens with a flower obverse. None have this reverse and they are unlikely to be closely related. The origin of this uattributed token is uncertain, but it was once part of Alex Malloy's crusader coins collection.
CR53346. Lead token, F, cast, weight 1.888 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, c. 12th - 15th Century; obverse flower(?); reverse monogram(?); $45.00 (€33.75)

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112
Click for a larger photo Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. Tancred was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.
CR65301. Bronze follis, Metcalf 63 - 70, Malloy Crusaders 4a, aF, rough, weight 4.726 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 1104 - 1112 A.D.; obverse bearded facing bust of Tancred, wearing turban and chain armor, sword in right; reverse cross pommee, IC - XC / NI-KA (May Jesus Christ Conquer) in angles; $45.00 (€33.75)

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112
Click for a larger photo This type was struck while Bohemond I was in captivity. It was the first type struck by Tancred. The order in which his types were struck has been firmly established by frequent overstrikes of later issues on earlier coins.

St. Peter is the patron saint of Antioch.
CR67859. Bronze follis, Malloy Crusaders 3a, Metcalf Crusaders 49 - 53, aF, uneven strike, weight 2.771 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 1101 - 1103; obverse O PE-TPOC, bust of St. Peter facing, cross in left hand; reverse + / KE BOI / ΘHTO ∆V / ΛOCOV T/ANKPI / + (O Lord, help your servant Tancred); $45.00 (€33.75)

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112
Click for a larger photo This type was struck while Bohemond I was in captivity. It was the first type struck by Tancred. The order in which his types were struck has been firmly established by frequent overstrikes of later issues on earlier coins.

St. Peter is the patron saint of Antioch.
CR67857. Bronze follis, Malloy Crusaders 3a, Metcalf Crusaders 49 - 53, Fair, weight 3.490 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 1101 - 1103; obverse O PE-TPOC, bust of St. Peter facing, cross in left hand; reverse + / KE BOI / ΘHTO ∆V / ΛOCOV T/ANKPI / + (O Lord, help your servant Tancred); $45.00 (€33.75)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31485. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 34; Metcalf Crusaders type MA1b, VF, weight 0.777 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Clarentza mint, obverse + MAhAVTA PAch, cross pattée; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet at end of legend, annulet left, pheon pointed down (or three branched plant) below; $40.00 (€30.00)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.

Metcalf asks, "Could the letter C stand for Corinth?"
CR31487. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 42; Metcalf Crusaders type MA2, VF, weight 1.023 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 90o, Corinth mint, obverse + MAhAVTA PAch, cross pattée; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, C left; $40.00 (€30.00)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31398. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 34; Metcalf Crusaders type MA1b, F, weight 1.002 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, obverse + MAhAVTA P Ach, cross pattée; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet at end of legend, annulet left, pheon pointed down (or three branched plant) below; $40.00 (€30.00)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, John of Gravina, 1322 - 1333
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.

Appears to be the scarcer "R" type to us but Seltman envelope says uncertain and Malloy tag says "m."
CR31489. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 56 or 58, F, double struck, weight 0.809 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 45o, Clarentza mint, obverse + IOhS P AChE, cross pattée; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet one each side, R or m below; $40.00 (€30.00)

Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, Hugh I, 1205 - 1218
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A. J. Seltman Collection.
CR32073. Billon denier, Malloy Crusaders 13; Metcalf Crusaders Class III, aF, encrusted, uneven strike, weight 0.659 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, obverse + • hVGO • REX •, cross pattée, crescent in upper left and lower right quarters, star in upper right and lower left quarter, pellet stops in legend; reverse + • CY•PRI •, gateway with battlements; fragment of another coin attached to reverse; scarce; $40.00 (€30.00)

Crusaders, Epirus, Frankish Greece, Philip of Taranto, 1294 - 1313
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.

Philip received Lepanto in 1294 as a dowry from his wife Thamar. The obverse legend abbreviates Philippus princeps Traranti, despatus. This legend was used before Philip assumed the title Princeps Achaie, c. 1307.
CR31830. Billon denier, Metcalf Crusaders DR1(c), Malloy Crusaders 111b (or similar), aVF, weight 0.676 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 90o, Lepanto mint, c. 1294 - 1307; obverse + PhS P TAR DESP, cross pattée, fleur-de-lis at beginning and cross or fleur-de-lis at end of legend, angular closed E; reverse + NEPANTI CIVIS, castle tournois, I? at beginning and fleur-de-lis? at end of legend (marks off flan), angular and closed C and E, V with no serif at the foot; $36.00 (€27.00)



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REFERENCES

Bedoukian, P.Z. Coinage of the Artaxiads of Armenia. RNS Special Publication Number 10. (London, 1978).
Bedoukian. Coinage of Cilician Armenia. ANSNNM 147. (1962).
Bellinger, A.R. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Alexius I to Michael VIII, 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1966).
Biaggi, E. Monete e Zecche medievali Italiane dal Sec. VIII al Sec. XV. (Torino, 1992).
Boudeau, E. Monnaies Françaises Provinciales. (Maastricht, 1970).
Boutin, S. Monnaies des Empires de Byzance - Collection of N.K. Volumes 1-2. (Maastricht, 1983).
Grierson, P. and L. Travaini. Medieval European Coinage, Volume 14: Italy III: South Italy, Sicily, Sardinia. (Cambridge, 1998).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Malloy, A.G., I.F. Preston, & A.J Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Metcalf, D.M. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Metcalf, D.M. "Coinage of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem in the name of Baudouin" in NC 1978.
Nercessian, Y. T. Armenian Coins and Their Values. Armenian Numismatic Society, Special Publication No. 8. (Los Angeles, 1995).
Phillips, M. "The 'Roupen' Hoard of Helmet Pennies of Antioch" in NC 2005.
Porteous, J. "Crusader Coinage with Greek or Latin Inscriptions" in A History of the Crusades, vol. IV. (Madison, 1989).
Sabine, C.J. "The billon and copper coinage of the crusader country of Tripoli, c. 1102-1268" in NC 1980.
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Sotheby's. The John J. Slocum Collection of Coins of the Crusades. Catalog of public auction, 6 March 1997. London.
Travaini, L. "Hohenstaufen and Angevin denari of Sicily and Southern Italy: their mint attributions" in NC 1993.

Catalog current as of Thursday, April 24, 2014.
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Crusader Coins