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Home>Catalog>MedievalCoins>Crusaders PAGE 2/2«««12

Coins of the Crusaders

The crusades were military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims. The origin of the word may be traced to the cross made of cloth and worn as a badge on the outer garment of those who took part in these enterprises. The Crusader states were a number of mostly 12th- and 13th-century feudal states created by Western European crusaders in Asia Minor, Greece and the Holy Land, and during the Northern Crusades in the eastern Baltic area. Politics were complicated, including a Christian alliance with the Islamic Sultanate of Rûm during the Fifth Crusade. The Crusaders ravaged the countries they marched through, killed 8,000 Jews in the Rhineland in the first of Europe’s pogroms, devastated the Mediterranean ports, fought amongst themselves as much as the "Infidel" and fleeced their subjects to fill their coffers. Murder and massacre in the service of the Gospel was commonplace. Seventy thousand civilians were butchered in the sack of Jerusalem. The end came in 1291 with the fall of Acre, the last Christian stronghold in the Holy Land. Near East 1135

Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, Peter II, 1369 - 1382

Click for a larger photo Peter II's reign was a period of decline. He lost his father's Cypriot possessions in Asia Minor. The Genoese invaded causing massive damage. They then captured him and the fortified port Famagusta after they were allowed entrance for negotiation. He was forced to make a humiliating agreement, requiring huge payments and giving up Famagusta and Kyrenia to Genoese sovereignty.SH67852. Bronze fractional dinar, Malloy Crusaders 106; Seltman, Num. Circ. (Feb 1968), p. 37, fig. 2, F, obverse off center, weight 0.708 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1369 - 1382; obverse + PIERE. ROI D, Lion of Cyprus rampant left; reverse + IERUALEM, cross pattée, pellet in each quarter; extremely rare; $50.00 (€43.50)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364

Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection. CR31348. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 72, F, reverse double struck, weight 0.841 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 315o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P ACHE, cross pattée, crescent downward in upper right quarter; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois; very rare; $45.00 (€39.15)

Medieval Lead Token, c. 12th - 15th Century

Click for a larger photo Martin Dean's "Lead Tokens from the River Thames at Windsor and Wallingford," in Numismatic Chronical 1977, includes numerous somewhat similar tokens with a flower obverse. None have this reverse and they are unlikely to be closely related. The origin of this unattributed token is uncertain, but it was once part of Alex Malloy's crusader coins collection.CR53346. Lead token, F, cast, weight 1.888 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, c. 12th - 15th century; obverse flower(?); reverse monogram(?); $45.00 (€39.15)

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Catalog current as of Tuesday, April 21, 2015.
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Crusader Coins