Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain.
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
After suffering heavy losses since invading Scotland in 208, in 210, Septimius Severus sent his son Caracalla to systematically wipe out and torture the Scots into submission.
SH72651. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC IV 794a (R), BMCRE V 181, Cohen IV 554, SRCV II 6429, VF/F, excellent style, beautiful green patina, centered, weak reverse, weight 23.055 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 210 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverseP M TR P XVIII COS III P P, Annona seated right, holding bundle of grain stalks; prow left before her and small winged figure (Eros?) at her feet, S C in exergue; the reverse is a bit better in hand; rare; $350.00 (€304.50)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people. By the Code De Naviculariis, the mariners appointed to carry grain from Egypt were capitally punished if they did not keep the proper course; and if they did not sail in the proper season, the master of the vessel was banished.
RB65292. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2038, SRCV II 4254, Cohen -, F, weight 21.364 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverseTR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing slightly slightly left, stalks of grain pointed downward in her right over modius overflowing with stalks of grain at feet on left, rudder vertical behind in left resting on prow of galley right, S - C flanking low across field; $180.00 (€156.60)
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Annona was worshipped in Rome as the goddess who prospered the year's supply of grain. She was represented on an altar in the capitol. The three principal granaries of Rome were Sicily, Egypt, and the African provinces. Annona civilis was the grain which purchased each year by the Roman state, then imported and put into storage, reserved and distributed for the subsistence of the people. Annona militaris was grain appropriated to the use of an army during a campaign.
RB65254. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC IV 168a, Cohen 26, VF/F, grainy with some marks and encrustations, weight 15.635 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 247 - 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseANNONA AVGG S C, Annona standing left, grain in right over modius at feet, cornucopia in left; $110.00 (€95.70)
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
During the Jewish wars, Titus had begun a love affair with Berenice, sister of the Jewish kingAgrippa II. The Herodians had collaborated with the Romans during the rebellion, and Berenice herself had supported Vespasian in his campaign to become emperor. In 75, she returned to Titus and openly lived with him in the palace as his promised wife. The Romans were wary of the eastern queen and disapproved of their relationship. When the pair was publicly denounced by Cynics in the theater, Titus caved in to the pressure and sent her away.
RS70196. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, Vespasian 972; RSC II 17; BMCRE II Vespasian 319, BnF IIIVespasian 280, SRCV I 2436, aVF, excellent portrait, centered, toned, weight 3.219 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 69 - 77 A.D.; obverse T CAESARVESPASIANVS, laureate head right; reverseANNONA AVG, Annona seated left, sack of grain in right, left elbow resting on throne behind; $110.00 (€95.70)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Annona with a modius and anchor suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces, especially from Africa, and its distribution to the people. When Severus Alexander was away on his Persian and German campaigns (231-235) he continuously struck Annona types. With the legendPROVIDENTIA AVG, "The Foresight of the Emperor," he assured that, though he was away, he would be carefully monitoring Rome's grain supply!
RB66646. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC IV 645, BMCRE V 815, Cohen 509, SRCV 8013, F, flaw on obverse, weight 19.429 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reversePROVIDENTIA AVG S C, Providentia (or Annona) standing left, holding grain over modius in right, anchor in left; $80.00 (€69.60)