Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - winter 175/176 A.D, wife of Marcus Aurelius
The daughter, wife and mother of emperors and empresses, Faustina II was born around 130 A.D. to Antoninus Pius and Faustina I. She was married to her cousin Marcus Aurelius in 145 A.D. In 146 A.D., she gave birth to the first of many children. To celebrate this occasion she was given the title of Augusta, which technically made her superior in rank to her husband. Faustina II was a devoted wife and mother, and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns. Her son Commodus went on to become emperor after his fathers' death, and her daughter Lucilla became Augusta when she married Lucius Verus in 164 A.D. She died at the city of Halala in Asia Minor in 175 A.D. plagued by many baseless rumors about her infidelity. She was deified soon after and a grand temple was erected to her in the city where she died.
In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB26685. Orichalcumsestertius, SRCV II 4710, RIC III 1368, BMCRE IV 2198, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseAVGVSTI PII FIL S C, Concordia standing left, patera in extended right, cornucopia in left; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00
Faustina II died in late 175 A.D. in Cappadocia during the imperial trip to the East caused by Cassius' revolt. Although by some sources she can be suspected of infidelity and even participation in that revolt, Marcus deified her and issued commemorative coins such as this one.
RS71383. Silver denarius, RIC III M746, RSC II 75, BMCRE III M725, Szaivert MIR 61, SRCV II 5217, Choice gVF, weight 3.459 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, posthumous, 176 - 180 A.D.; obverseDIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right; reverseCONSECRATIO, altar enclosure, door on front; ex Solidus Numismatik e. K.; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175 A.D, Wife of Marcus Aurelius, Kibyra, Phrygia
Kibyra (Cibyra) near the modern town of Gölhisar in south-west Turkey, was possibly originally settled by Lydians. According to Strabo, the Lydian language was still being spoken by a multicultural population in the 1st century B.C. Thus Kibyra was the last place where the Lydian culture, by then extinct in Lydia proper, persevered.
RP64048. Bronze AE 20, RPC Online 1950, SNG München 292, SNG Cop 289, SNGvA -, BMC -, aVF, well centered, green patina, weight 5.034 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cibyra mint, 174 - 175 A.D.; obverse ΦAYCTINA NEA, draped bust right; reverse KIBYPA/TΩN, wicker basket; scarce; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00
ER62241. Bronze AE 26, Brockage, aVF, weight 10.874 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, Provincial mint, obverse ΦAVCTEINA - CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair in bun behind; reverseincuse of the obverse; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
Although many coin reference books classify Fecunditas as a personification of fertility rather than as an actual deity, Fecunditas was recognized as a Roman divinity by Nero, who erected a statue to her. Tacitus notes that upon the birth of Claudia Neronis, the senate decreed the construction of a temple of Fertility to be built at Antium. Fecunditas is always portrayed as a female figure holding a child, or children and often a scepter, cornucopia, palm branch or caduceus. Sometimes the children are depicted standing at her feet. Coins portraying her ususally advertise the fertility of the imperial family.
RS72893. Silver denarius, RIC III 677, RSC II 99, BMCRE IV 91, aF, weight 2.472 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 161 - 175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseFECVNDITAS, Fecunditas standing right, long scepter vertical in right, infant in left; $30.00 SALE PRICE $27.00