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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheAdoptiveEmperors>FaustinaJr.
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - winter 175/176 A.D, wife of Marcus Aurelius

The daughter, wife and mother of emperors and empresses, Faustina II was born around 130 A.D. to Antoninus Pius and Faustina I. She was married to her cousin Marcus Aurelius in 145 A.D. In 146 A.D., she gave birth to the first of many children. To celebrate this occasion she was given the title of Augusta, which technically made her superior in rank to her husband. Faustina II was a devoted wife and mother, and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns. Her son Commodus went on to become emperor after his fathers' death, and her daughter Lucilla became Augusta when she married Lucius Verus in 164 A.D. She died at the city of Halala in Asia Minor in 175 A.D. plagued by many baseless rumors about her infidelity. She was deified soon after and a grand temple was erected to her in the city where she died.


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB26685. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 4710, RIC III 1368, BMCRE IV 2198, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTI PII FIL S C, Concordia standing left, paterA in exerguetended right, cornucopia in left; $600.00 (€522.00)


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Faustina II died in late 175 A.D. in Cappadocia during the imperial trip to the East caused by Cassius' revolt. Although by some sources she can be suspected of infidelity and even participation in that revolt, Marcus deified her and issued commemorative coins such as this one.
RS71383. Silver denarius, RIC III M746, RSC II 75, BMCRE III M725, Szaivert MIR 61, SRCV II 5217, Choice gVF, weight 3.459 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, posthumous, 176 - 180 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right; reverse CONSECRATIO, altar enclosure, door on front; ex Solidus Numismatik e. K.; $140.00 (€121.80)


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"Saeculi Felicit" means happy times, referring to the empire's new heirs. The two infants are the twin sons of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Junior, Commodus and Antoninus. Antoninus died at age four. Commodus succeeded Marcus Aurelius as emperor.
RS73688. Silver denarius, RIC III 712, RSC II 191, BMCRE IV 139, Hunter II 16, SRCV II 5260, aVF, excellent centering, light toning, weight 3.227 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SAECVLI FELICIT, two infant boys (Commodus and Antoninus) seated facing on a large draped throne; $130.00 (€113.10)


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Diana, Artemis to the Greeks, is the virgin goddess of the hunt and of the moon. Her symbols include the deer and the bow. She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo.
RB73622. Copper as, SRCV II 4733, RIC III AP1405a, BMCRE IV 2191, Hunter III 48, Cohen III 207, gF, nice portrait, light corrosion, weight 11.383 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 154 - 156 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust right, head bare, hair waived and coiled on back of head; reverse Diana standing facing, head left, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow, S - C flanking across below center field; $100.00 (€87.00)


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Faustina II was daughter, wife and mother of emperors and empresses. When she gave birth to the first of many children she was given the title of Augusta, which for a time made her superior in rank to her husband. She was a devoted wife and mother, and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns.
RB72334. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III MA1696, MIR 18 52-6/10, BMCRE IV MA1566, Hunter II 18; Cohen III 8, SRCV II 5223, aF, weight 23.658 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, 176 - 177 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right; reverse AETERNITAS, Aeternitas seated left on seat without back, feet on stool, phoenix on globe in extended right hand, scepter in left, S - C flanking across field; scarce; $95.00 (€82.65)


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Provincial Bronze Brockage

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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die.
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ER62241. Bronze AE 26, Brockage, aVF, weight 10.874 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, Provincial mint, obverse ΦAVCTEINA - CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair in bun behind; reverse incuse of the obverse; $80.00 (€69.60)


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Pudicitia was the personification of modesty and chastity.
RB72340. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC III Pius 1404b, BMCRE IV 2159, Cohen III 187, SRCV II 4732, F, nice portrait, weight 12.970 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 148 - 152 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust right, hair with band and a bun at back; reverse PVDICITIA, Pudicitia (modesty and chastity) seated left, right hand holding veil, left resting on lap, S C in exergue; $75.00 (€65.25)


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This type usually has a globe under the throne. The portrait is also a little unusual. It may be an ancient counterfeit; however, there is no indication that it is plated. Perhaps the globe was unstruck due to a filled die or it may have erased by rough cleaning.
RS72189. Silver denarius, cf. RIC III A502a, RSC II 54, BMCRE A1086, SRCV 4704 (all with globe under throne), F, scratches, rough, weight 3.177 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome (or unofficial) mint, c. 154 - 156 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust right, hair waved and coiled at the back; reverse CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left, flower in extended right, left elbow on cornucopia; $75.00 (€65.25)


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Although many coin reference books classify Fecunditas as a personification of fertility rather than as an actual deity, Fecunditas was recognized as a Roman divinity by Nero, who erected a statue to her. Tacitus notes that upon the birth of Claudia Neronis, the senate decreed the construction of a temple of Fertility to be built at Antium. Fecunditas is always portrayed as a female figure holding a child, or children and often a scepter, cornucopia, palm branch or caduceus. Sometimes the children are depicted standing at her feet. Coins portraying her usually advertise the fertility of the imperial family.
RS72893. Silver denarius, RIC III 677, RSC II 99, BMCRE IV 91, aF, weight 2.472 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 161 - 175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse FECVNDITAS, Fecunditas standing right, long scepter vertical in right, infant in left; $30.00 (€26.10)


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Hilaritas, the personification of rejoicing, is usually depicted as a matron, standing with a cornucopia in her left hand and a long palm frond on the ground in her right. Green branches were a sign of gladness and for special occasions, both public and private, it was the custom in ancient times to ornament streets, temples, gates, houses, and even entire cities, with branches and leaves of trees. This tradition carries on today in the form of wreaths and Christmas trees.
RS74072. Silver denarius, SRCV II 5254, RIC III 686, RSC II 111, BMCRE IV 100, F, very dark toning, scrape on reverse, weight 2.883 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 161 - 175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left, long grounded palm frond in right hand, cornucopia in left; $5.00 (€4.35)



ITEMS PER PAGE 13510203050



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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVA AVG FAVSTINA
DIVAE FAVSTINAE PIAE
DIVAE FAVSTIN AVG MATR CASTROR
DIVA FAVSTINA PIA
FAVSTINA AVG ANTONINI AVG PII FIL
FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA AVG PII F
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA AVG PII FIL
FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG F
FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG FIL


REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. III: Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A.S. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Szaivert, W. Die Münzprägung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus un Commodus (161-192). (Wien, 1984).
Seaby, H.A. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Strack, P.L. Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichsprägung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil III: Die Reichsprägung zur Zeit Antoninus Pius. (Stuttgart, 1937).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, May 28, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Faustina Jr.