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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Adoptive Emperors ▸ Faustina Jr.View Options:  |  |  | 

Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D, Wife of Marcus Aurelius

The daughter, wife and mother of emperors and empresses, Faustina II was born around 130 A.D. to Antoninus Pius and Faustina I. She was married to her cousin Marcus Aurelius in 145 A.D. In 146 A.D., she gave birth to the first of many children. To celebrate this occasion she was given the title of Augusta, which technically made her superior in rank to her husband. Faustina II was a devoted wife and mother, and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns. Her son Commodus went on to become emperor after his fathers' death, and her daughter Lucilla became Augusta when she married Lucius Verus. She died at the city of Halala in Anatolia in 175 A.D., plagued by baseless rumors about her infidelity. She was deified soon after and a grand temple was erected to her in the city where she died.


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius

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Faustina II was daughter, wife and mother of emperors and empresses. When she gave birth to the first of many children she was given the title of Augusta, which for a time made her superior in rank to her husband. She was a devoted wife and mother, and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns.
SH77013. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1697 var. (throne without canopy, and S C across field), BMCRE 1568 var. (same), MIR 18 54-6a, Banti 7, VF, dark green patina with touches of red, weight 23.644 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 30o, Rome mint, struck under Marcus Aurelius, c. 175 - 176 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right; reverse AETERNITAS, Faustina seated left on throne with canopy, holding scepter, between two female attendants (carrying her throne?) with veils flying above their heads, S C in exergue; ex Triton XIX, lot 578; ex A.K. Collection; ex Kress 164 (Nov 1975), lot 1141; very rare variety; $2500.00 (€2200.00)
 


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB26685. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 4710, RIC III 1368, BMCRE IV 2198, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTI PII FIL S C, Concordia standing left, patera in extended right, cornucopia in left; $600.00 (€528.00)
 


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Venus (Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden apple inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named Paris, would decide. Each of the three finalists offered Paris a bribe. Hera promised he would rule the world. Athena said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the king of Sparta. Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled Paris to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.
SH73705. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III AP1388b; BMCRE IV AP2147; Hunter II p. 300, 30; Cohen II 268; SRCV II 4720, VF, nice style, well centered, flan crack, weight 24.039 g, maximum diameter 35.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Antoninus Pius, 148 - 152 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust right with head bare, hair waived and coiled chignon tied with double band of pearls on back of head; reverse VENVS, Venus standing half left, apple in right hand, grounded rudder in left hand, dolphin coiled around rudder, S - C low across field; $600.00 (€528.00)
 


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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock.
RS74400. Silver denarius, BMCRE IV p. 399, MA104; RIC III MA688; RSC III 120; Hunter II 8; SRCV II 5255, EF/VF, choice obverse, excellent portrait, reverse struck with a worn die, weight 3.550 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 161 - 175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair in a bun in back, no diadem or stephane; reverse IVNO, Juno standing left, veiled, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; peacock at feet on left standing left; $185.00 (€162.80)
 


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Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RS75220. Silver denarius, BMCRE II p. 404, 148; RSC II 195; SRCV II 5262; RIC III MA689 var. (no stephane); Hunter II 8 var. (same), Choice VF, excellent centering, toned, weight 2.655 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 161 - 175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, wearing stephane and earring, bun in the back; reverse SALVS, Salus seated left, feeding snake rising up from altar, from patera in right hand, resting left elbow on throne, feet on footstool; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


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"Saeculi Felicit" means happy times, referring to the empire's new heirs. The two infants are the twin sons of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Junior, Commodus and Antoninus. Antoninus died at age four. Commodus succeeded Marcus Aurelius as emperor.
RS76916. Silver denarius, RIC III 712, RSC II 191, BMCRE IV 139, Hunter II 16, SRCV II 5260, VF, well centered, flan crack, light marks and scratches, small areas of dark toning, weight 3.001 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SAECVLI FELICIT, two infant boys seated facing on a throne; $120.00 (€105.60)
 


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Provincial Bronze Brockage

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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die.
Click here to read a detailed explanation.
ER62241. Bronze AE 26, Brockage, aVF, weight 10.874 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, Provincial mint, obverse ΦAVCTEINA - CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair in bun behind; reverse incuse of the obverse; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


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This type usually has a globe under the throne. The portrait is also a little unusual. It may be an ancient counterfeit; however, there is no indication that it is plated. Perhaps the globe was unstruck due to a filled die or it may have erased by rough cleaning.
RS72189. Silver denarius, cf. RIC III A502a, RSC II 54, BMCRE IV A1086, SRCV II 4704 (all with globe under throne), F, scratches, rough, weight 3.177 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome (or unofficial) mint, c. 154 - 156 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust right, hair waved and coiled at the back; reverse CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left, flower in extended right, left elbow on cornucopia; $75.00 (€66.00)
 


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB72567. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III AP1373, Cohen III 47, Cayon III 22, BMCRE IV AP2173 var. (Concordia head right), SRCV II 4712 var. (same), Hunter II -, Fair, edge crack, corrosion, weight 25.887 g, maximum diameter 34.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 152 - 154 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA, Concordia standing slightly right, head left, raising drapery in both hands, cornucopia with top turned inward in left hand, S - C flanking across field; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


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Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RB76730. Orichalcum as, RIC III MA1671, BMCRE IV MA995, Cohen III 201, Hunter II 70, SRCV II 5303, aF, well centered, rough, weight 9.236 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 161 - 175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in a bun in back; reverse SALVS AVGVSTAE, Salus seated left, from patera in right hand, feeding snake rising from altar, resting left elbow on throne, S C in exergue; $25.00 (€22.00)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVA AVG FAVSTINA
DIVA FAVSTINA PIA
DIVAE FAVSTIN AVG MATR CASTROR
DIVAE FAVSTINAE PIAE
FAVSTINA AVG ANTONINI AVG
FAVSTINA AVG ANTONINI AVG PII FIL
FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA AVG PII F
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA AVG PII FIL
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA PII AVG FIL
FAVSTINAE AVG ANTONINI AVG P II FIL
FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG F
FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG FIL


REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. III: Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A.S. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Szaivert, W. Die Münzprägung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus un Commodus (161-192). (Wien, 1984).
Seaby, H.A. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Strack, P.L. Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichsprägung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil III: Die Reichsprägung zur Zeit Antoninus Pius. (Stuttgart, 1937).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, February 14, 2016.
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Roman Coins of Faustina Jr.