Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - winter 175/176 A.D, wife of Marcus Aurelius
The daughter, wife and mother of emperors and empresses, Faustina II was born around 130 A.D. to Antoninus Pius and Faustina I. She was married to her cousin Marcus Aurelius in 145 A.D. In 146 A.D., she gave birth to the first of many children. To celebrate this occasion she was given the title of Augusta, which technically made her superior in rank to her husband. Faustina II was a devoted wife and mother, and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns. Her son Commodus went on to become emperor after his fathers' death, and her daughter Lucilla became Augusta when she married Lucius Verus in 164 A.D. She died at the city of Halala in Asia Minor in 175 A.D. plagued by many baseless rumors about her infidelity. She was deified soon after and a grand temple was erected to her in the city where she died.
In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB26685. Orichalcumsestertius, SRCV II 4710, RIC III 1368, BMCRE IV 2198, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseAVGVSTI PII FIL S C, Concordia standing left, patera in extended right, cornucopia in left; $670.00 (€502.50)
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius, Plotinopolis, Thrace
Plotinopolis (modern day Didimochito, Greece) was an important Thracian and Hellenistic town. It was sacked by the Romans in 204 B.C. Trajan created a new city between the two hills surrounding the town and named it Plotinopolis after his wife. Ruins of the town were accidently found during construction in the 1960s. In the 1980s, a solid gold bust of Trajan was found and is now in the museum at Komotini.
RP62383. Bronze AE 23, Varbanov III 1830; SGICV 1728, gVF, weight 7.626 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 225o, Plotinopolis mint, 146 - 176 A.D.; obverse ΦAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse ΠΛΩTEINOΠOΛEITΩN, Demeter standing left, ears of grain in right, torch in left; attractive green patina; scarce; $225.00 (€168.75)
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175 A.D, Wife of Marcus Aurelius, Kibyra, Phrygia
Kibyra (Cibyra) near the modern town of Gölhisar in south-west Turkey, was possibly originally settled by Lydians. According to Strabo, the Lydian language was still being spoken by a multicultural population in the 1st century B.C. Thus Kibyra was the last place where the Lydian culture, by then extinct in Lydia proper, persevered.
RP64048. Bronze AE 20, RPC Online 1950, SNG München 292, SNG Cop 289, SNGvA -, BMC -, aVF, well centered, green patina, weight 5.034 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cibyra mint, 174 - 175 A.D.; obverse ΦAYCTINA NEA, draped bust right; reverse KIBYPA/TΩN, wicker basket; scarce; $175.00 (€131.25)
Faustina II died in late 175 A.D. in Cappadocia during the imperial trip to the East caused by Cassius' revolt. Although by some sources she can be suspected of infidelity and even participation in that revolt, Marcus deified her and issued commemorating coins such as this one.
RS65294. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 746, Cohen 75, VF, nice patina, weight 19.196 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, 176 - 180 A.D.; obverseDIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right; reverseCONSECRATIO, altar with doors, S - C flanking across field; $145.00 (€108.75)
ER62241. Bronze AE 26, Brockage, aVF, weight 10.874 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, Provincial mint, obverse ΦAVCTEINA - CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair in bun behind; reverseincuse of the obverse; $90.00 (€67.50)
The affectionate dove, the bird of love, was sacred to the goddess Venus (Aphrodite). Doves were said to draw her heavenly chariot, and the Syrian Aphrodite Ashtarte was said to have been hatched from an egg nursed by doves. The phrase attributed to Jesus, "Be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves" (Matthew 10.16), was no random metaphor but a traditional Syrian invocation.
RS66137. Silver denarius, RIC III 730, RSC II 255, BMCRE IV 167, SRCV II 5266, F, weight 2.999 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 161 - 175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseVENVS, Venus standing left, dove in right, scepter in left; $75.00 (€56.25)