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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Judean KingdomView Options:  |  |  | 

Judean Kingdom

Coins of Judaea and Palestine are also presented in our Judean and Biblical catalog section. Here coins of the Judaea Kingdom are grouped together and listed from highest price to lowest. In our Judean and Biblical catalog section coins are organized by types and rulers and are presented with additional historical information and biblical references.


Judaean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C., for the Seleukid King Antiochus VII

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Struck by John Hyrcanus, King of Judaea, in the name of the Seleukid King Antiochos VII, Euergetes (Sidetes). Soon after Hyrcanus assumed power, the Seleukid kingdom marched on Jerusalem. Antiochus VII and Hyrcanus I negotiated a treaty that left Hyrcanus a vassal to the Syrian king. Probably as a conciliatory gesture to the Jews, the lily (a symbol of Jerusalem) replaced the head of the Seleukid king.
JD76660. Bronze AE 16, Hendin 1131, Houghton-Lorber 2123(2), SNG Spaer 2139, Houghton CSE 831, SGCV II 7101, HGC 9 1103, Meshorer TJC p. 30, F, green patina, tight flan, some corrosion and scratches, weight 2.918 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 45o, Jerusalem mint, 132 - 131 B.C.; obverse lily on stem with two leaves, dot border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EYEPΓETOY (of King Antiochus, Benefactor), anchor, upside down, AΠP (year 181 of the Seleukid Era) below; $125.00 (110.00)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

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Herod was granted the title of "King of Judea" by the Roman Senate, as such he was a vassal of the Roman Empire, expected to support the interests of his Roman patrons. Not long after he assumed control of Judea, after he had supported Augustus opponent Mark Antony, Herod needed to show his worthiness as king of Judea to the new emperor, Augustus (Octavian). Herod was able to win the support of Augustus and continue to rule his people as he saw fit. Despite the freedom afforded to Herod in his reign over Judea, restrictions were placed upon him in his dealings with other kingdoms.
SH72632. Bronze 2 prutot, Meshorer TJC 46, Hendin 1171, VF/F, weight 3.014 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Samaria mint, 40 - 37 B.C.; obverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, winged caduceus, date LΓ on left and monogram P on right; reverse poppy pod on stem with leaves, fillet left and right; rare; $110.00 (96.80)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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This type has been reattributed from Hyrcanus II to Alexander Jannaeus by Hendin and Shachar in "The Identity of YNTN on Hasmonean Overstruck Coins and the Chronology of the Alexander Jannaeus Types," Israel Numismatic Research 3, 2008: 87-94. It appears this type was overstruck on earlier coins of Alexander Jannaeus that had never been released from the mint.
JD55299. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1149, Meshorer TJC type T, gVF, bold, overstruck, weight 2.006 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription within wreath: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; $70.00 (61.60) ON RESERVE


Judean Kingdom, Judah Aristobulus I (Yehudah), 104 - 103 B.C.

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JD71257. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1143, F, weight 1.871 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehudah the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; $70.00 (61.60)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

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Matthew (2:1-23) describes the Massacre of the Innocents. Wise men from the East visited Herod to inquire the whereabouts of "the one having been born king of the Jews," because they had seen his star. Herod, as King of the Jews, was alarmed. The chief priests, citing Micah 5:2, told Herod the anointed one would be born in Bethlehem. Herod sent the "wise men" to Bethlehem, instructing them to "report to me, so that I too may go and worship him." However, the Magi were warned in a dream not to report back to Herod. Joseph was warned in a dream that Herod intended to kill Jesus, so he and his family fled to Egypt. When Herod realized he had been outwitted, he gave orders to kill all boys of the age of two and under in Bethlehem and its vicinity. Joseph and his family stayed in Egypt until Herod's death, then moved to Nazareth. Herod was guilty of many brutal acts, including killing his wife and two sons, but no other source from the period refers to the massacre. Bethlehem was a small village, the number of male children under the age of two might not have exceed 20, and this may be the reason for the lack of other sources for this history.
JD72631. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1174, F, weight 1.214 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 90o, obverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, blundered legend with missing and retrograde letters within concentric circles; reverse anchor within circle decorated with stylized lily flowers; $70.00 (61.60)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

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Josephus wrote that Herod's final illness (sometimes called "Herod's Evil") was excruciating. Based on Josephus' descriptions, one medical expert has diagnosed Herod's cause of death as chronic kidney disease complicated by Fournier's gangrene. Similar symptoms attended the death of his grandson Agrippa I in 44 A.D. Modern scholars agree he suffered throughout his lifetime from depression and paranoia. Josephus stated that Herod was so concerned that no one would mourn his death, that he commanded a large group of distinguished men to come to Jericho, and he gave an order that they should be killed at the time of his death so that the displays of grief that he craved would take place. Fortunately for them, Herod's son Archelaus and sister Salome did not carry out this wish.
JD71259. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1174, aF, weight 0.956 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 45o, obverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, blundered legend with missing and retrograde letters within concentric circles; reverse anchor within circle decorated with stylized lily flowers; $60.00 (52.80)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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Jannaeus' anchor coins were probably struck after the conquest of the coastal cities (with the exception of Ashkelon) in 95 B.C. The anchor probably publicized the annexation of these areas. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Yaakov Meshorer
JD76651. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1150, Meshorer TJC K, VF, earthen deposits, reverse 1/5 off center, weight 2.685 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, Jerusalem mint, 95 - 76 B.C.; obverse star of eight rays and central pellet surrounded by diadem, Paleo-Hebrew inscription "Yehonatan the king" between rays; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY (of King Alexander), upside-down anchor; $45.00 (39.60)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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This type is recognized for its "cursive style" script.
JD55293. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1146, SNG ANS 116, Meshorer TJC R, aVF, off center, weight 1.836 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, in cursive style script, within wreath: Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); $40.00 (35.20)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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Unpopular, Jannaeus was pelted with citrons on Sukkot. Enraged, he killed some 6,000 citizens. A revolt erupted and rebels called on the Seleucid King Demetrius III for aid. Demetrius forced him into the mountains but then withdrew. Back in power, Jannaeus crucified 800 rebels forcing them to watch the slaughter of their wives and children from their crosses.
JD76652. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1144, VF, obverse and reverse about 1/4 off center, scratches, weight 2.362 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; ex Forum (2004); $40.00 (35.20)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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Lead tesserae (tokens) were issued by the monarch to the poor to be redeemed for food and other commodities. Meshorer reports the lead tesserae of Alexander Jannaeus are found almost exclusively in Transjordan, as was this example.
JD76019. Lead tessera, Hendin 1155, aF, reverse nearly smooth as typical for the type, cleaning scratches, weight 3.131 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, Transjordan mint, 95 - 76 B.C.; obverse Aramaic inscription: King Alexander Year 25, anchor (upside-down as if hanging on the side of a boat) inside circle; reverse traces of Aramaic inscription, King Alexander, with a border of dots; encrusted in earthen "desert" patina; scarce; $35.00 (30.80)


Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

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Agrippa was son of Aristobulus and Bernice, a grandson of Herod the Great. He spent his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome. His friend Caligula bestowed former territories of Philip and Herod Antipas. Claudius bestowed Judaea. He had James, the brother of John, executed (Acts 12:1-2) and imprisoned Peter (Acts 12:3-5).
JD75731. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1244, Meshorer TJC 120, aVF, obverse off center, weight 2.507 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); $35.00 (30.80) ON RESERVE







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Fontanille, J.P. Menorah Coin Project Website. http://menorahcoinproject.org.
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Mildenberg, L. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Typos VI. (Aarau, 1984).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 10, 2016.
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Coins of the Judean Kingdom