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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Anatolia>Mysia PAGE 2/3«««123»»»

Mysia

Mysia is the northwestern region of Anatolia (Asia Minor) located on the shore of the Propontis (Marmara Sea) between Troas and Bithynia. The chief physical features of Mysia are the two mountains, Mount Olympus at (7600 ft) in the north and Mount Temnus in the south. The most important cities were Pergamon in the valley of the Caïcus, and Cyzicus on the Propontis. The whole sea-coast was studded with Greek towns, several of which were places of considerable importance; thus the northern portion included Parium, Lampsacus and Abydos, and the southern Assos, Adramyttium. Further south, on the Eleatic Gulf, were Elaea, Myrina and Cyme.


Pitane, Mysia, c. 4th Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pitane (modern Candarli, Turkey) was in the Delian League in the 5th century B.C. When the Athenian empire collapsed at the end of the 5th century B.C., Persia took control of Mysia, but allowed the cities considerable autonomy. In 335 B.C., Alexander's general Parmenion laid siege to the city, but the Persian general Memnon of Rhodes saved it. Pitane maintained its independence as a free city throughout the Hellenistic period. In the mid-second century B.C., Pergamon arbitrated a dispute between Pitane and Mytilene on nearby Lesbos over territory Pitane had purchased from the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter. In 84 B.C. Mithridates VI while evading the Roman general Gaius Flavius Fimbria fled to Pitane, where he was besieged by Fimbria before escaping to Mytilene by sea.
GB71549. Bronze AE 17, BMC Mysia p. 171, 5 - 6; SNG Cop 530 - 531; SNG BnF 2346 - 2348; SGCV II 3979, VF, weight 4.053 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 270o, Pitane mint, c. 4th century BC; obverse head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse pentagram, pellet in center, Π−I−T−A around; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00

Parion, Mysia, 5th Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo A Gorgoneion was a horror-creating apotropaic Gorgon head pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying face that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister Medusa was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, Athena, Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors wore Gorgoneion for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A Gorgon image is at the center of the pediment of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone pediment in Greece from about 600 B.C.
GA71827. Silver 3/4 drachm, SGCV II 3917, SNG Cop 256, SNGvA 1318, BMC Mysia p. 94, 1 ff., gVF, tight flan, weight 3.552 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, Parion mint, 5th Century B.C.; obverse facing Gorgoneion; reverse incuse square with angles in the corners forming cruciform pattern, pellet in center; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 133 - 16 B.C.
Click for a larger photo When the Pergamene king Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.

The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as symbols and tools for healing and fertility. Asclepius, the son of Apollo and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
GB70878. Bronze AE 20, SNG BnF 1815 (with countermark); BMC Mysia p. 129, 158; SNGvA 1372; SNG Cop -, VF, nice green patina, weight 8.789 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Asklepios right; reverse AΣKΛHΠIOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos; countermark: owl standing right, head facing, in a round incuse; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos, Mysia
Click for a larger photo RPC identifies this ruler as "Uncertain Emperor (Tiberius?)" while SNG Copenhagen says "Tiberius." The portrait does look like Tiberius.
RP90508. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2279, SNG Cop 233, VF, weight 4.856 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Lampsacus mint, obverse CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right, uncertain object below; scarce; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 480 - 400 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GA71821. Silver hemiobol, SNG BnF 386; SNGvA 1215, SNG Ashmolean 540, Von Fritze II 13, SNG Kayhan -, aEF, porous, weight 0.399 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 480 - 400 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, retrograde K on shoulder, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse head of roaring lion left, small facing panther head above, all within a shallow incuse square; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Parion, Mysia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Click for a larger photo A Gorgoneion was a horror-creating apotropaic Gorgon head pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying face that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister Medusa was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, Athena, Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors wore Gorgoneion for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A Gorgon image is at the center of the pediment of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone pediment in Greece from about 600 B.C.
GS71822. Silver hemidrachm, SNGvA 1322; BMC Mysia p. 96, 35 - 36; SNG BnF 1368 - 1370, VF, dark toning, weight 2.229 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 180o, Parion mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse facing Gorgoneion, surrounded by snakes; reverse ΠA/PI, bull standing left, looking right, star below; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Kyzikos, Mysia
Click for a larger photo In 74 B.C. Cyzicus, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, it was made the capital of Mysia, afterward of Hellespontus. Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world.
RP53294. Bronze AE 23, SNG Cop 143, BMC Mysia 287, F, weight 5.654 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 45o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, obverse CAΛΩNEINA CE, draped bust right, wearing stephane, set on crescent; reverse KYZIKHN KEOKOPΩ, quinquereme with four oarsmen right, Triton blowing horn right; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50

Persian Empire, Tissaphernes, Satrap of Lydia, c. 400 - 395 B.C., Astyra, Mysia
Click for a larger photo Important and historical - possibly the first coin type to portray a living man. Tissaphernes was Satrap of Lydia and Karia c. 413 - 408 B.C. and of Lydia c. 400 - 395 B.C. He was one of four captains of Artaxerxes and contributed to his victory at the Battle of Kunaxa. In 395 B.C., Tissaphernes was executed, probably because he was defeated by the Spartan Agesilaos.

The site of Astyra is uncertain but from ancient sources we know that its territory lay along the west coast of Anatolia opposite Lesbos and north of modern Dikeli, Turkey. At one time it had a fortress of great strength.
GB90595. Bronze AE 12, SNG BnF 124A, Klein 253, Winzer 6.2, VF, weight 1.702 g, maximum diameter 12.0 mm, die axis 180o, Mysia, Astyra mint, c. 400 - 395 B.C.; obverse bare head of Tissaphernes right with short beard, TIΣΣA below neck; reverse facing cult statue of Artemis Astyra wearing kalathos, club right, AΣTςPH upward on left; rare; $80.00 (€68.80) ON RESERVE

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 282 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB90768. Bronze AE 10, BMC Mysia 24; SNG BnF 1587; SNG Cop 325; SGCV II 3959, VF, green patina, weight 1.022 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse two stars, each with six rays and a central pellet, Θ above, ΠEPΓ below; ex Forum (2010); $75.00 SALE PRICE $67.50

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Parium, Mysia
Click for a larger photo Located near Lampsacus, Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period it was in the domain of Lysimachus and then the Attalid dynasty. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia within the province of Asia. After Asia was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.
RP58874. Bronze quadrans, RPC I 2264, SNG Cop -, F, weight 2.497 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Parium mint, obverse AVG, bare head right; reverse capricorn right; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50



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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Tuesday, January 27, 2015.
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Mysia Greek Coins