Priapus, , 3rd Century B.C.
Palinurus Elephas is a spiny lobster, which is commonly caught in the Mediterranean Sea. Its common names include European spiny lobster, crayfish or cray (in Ireland), common spiny lobster, Mediterranean lobster and red lobster. Claws are much smaller than those of the American lobsters.GB76833. Brass AE 19, cf. p. 176, 3 - 5; 548; 1435; 2499; 2401 - 2402, F, centered on a , earthen encrustation, pin-prick pitting, 5.014 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 90o, Priapus (Karabiga, Turkey) mint, 3rd century B.C.; laureate of right; ΠPIAΠHNΩN, lobster or crayfish right, control symbol below (off ); ; $140.00 (€124.60)
, , c. 2nd Century B.C.
, was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of .GB71675. Bronze AE 18, 1885 ff.; 2429; 396; p. 131, 179 var. ( ), 1374 var. (same), VF, green , 7.193 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; helmeted of right; AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, of captured arms, ΘΛ inner left, lower right; $135.00 (€120.15)
Gambrion, , c. 350 - 200 B.C.
The name of Gambrion is seen first in the book of Anabasis of Xenophon which discusses the region in 399 B.C. At that time the ruler of the city was Gorgion and the earliest coins of the city bear his name. Gambrion was an important town during the rule of the Kingdom in the third and second centuries B.C.GB71720. Bronze AE 17, 916; p. 143, 420; 146; 1086; p. 62, 2; 3871, VF, nice , 3.499 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 180o, Gambrion (Poyracik, , Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 200 B.C.; laureate of right; Γ−A−M between rays of 12 point ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Philip
Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the over his . The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.GS77213. Silver , series IX, 173; P16; -; -; -; -, VF, off-center, , 4.075 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 270o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 319 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long lotus topped vertical behind in left hand, buckle left, crescent over A under throne; struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos; $135.00 (€120.15)
Lampsakos, , c. 5th - 4th Century B.C.
This is apparently missing from the major references and collections but we have handled several and know of about a dozen. The styles vary considerably, indicating they may have been struck over a long period. The mint city is not certain.GA90771. Silver , -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, VF, 0.444 g, maximum 9.0 mm, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 5th - 4th century B.C.; of right in Corinthian helmet; of four rays and four pellets surrounding central pellet; ex (2010); very ; $130.00 (€115.70)
, , c. 200 - 133 B.C.
GB71985. Bronze AE 15, cf. 1910 - 1912, 1376; 383 ff. var. (different ), 3962 var. ( ), VF, green , 3.280 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 133 B.C.; of right in helmet ornamented with a ; facing owl with spread wings, branch in talons, AΘHNAΣ above, NIKHΦOPOY below and ΓA left, uncertain right; $130.00 (€115.70)
Priapus, , 3rd Century B.C.
(Karabiga, Turkey today) is located on the Mysian coast, on a small east-facing bay at the mouth of the River, about a third of the distance from ancient to Cyzicus. Strabo mentions that the produced wine and that the god Priapus gave the town its ancient name. Thucydides mentions the town as a naval station. In 334 B.C., the town surrendered to Alexander the Great without contest, prior to the Battle of Granicus. Deities worshiped there included Demeter, , , and Dionysus. Under the Eastern Roman Empire, the town was known as Pegae and was the site of a fortress.GB84105. Bronze AE 10, 293 var. (AE14), 2404 (scallop control), -, -, -, -, VF, green , 1.184 g, maximum 10.4 mm, 0o, Priapus (Karabiga, Turkey) mint, 3rd century B.C.; laureate of right; crawfish or shrimp right, ΠPI above, stalk of barley right (control symbol) below; very ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos,
RPC identifies this ruler as Uncertain Emperor ( ?) while says . The portrait does look like .GB90185. Bronze AE 16, 2279, 233, -, F, 3.804 g, maximum 15.7 mm, 225o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, CEBAC, laureate right; ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right; ; $120.00 (€106.80)
Kyzikos, , c. 450 - 400 B.C.
During the Peloponnesian War, 431 - 404 B.C., Cyzicus was subject alternately to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GS84195. Silver , 57 ff.; 375; 49; p. 35, 120; -, gVF, some , 0.360 g, maximum 8.9 mm, 225o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; forepart of running left, tunny fish upwards behind; of roaring left, of four rays above, all in square; ex (2009); $120.00 (€106.80)
, , c. 2nd Century B.C.
, was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of .GB73551. Bronze AE 19, 1374; 396; 1875; p. 131, 172 ff., VF, 7.491 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; helmeted of right; AΘHNAC NIKHΦOPOY, of captured arms, lower right; $115.00 (€102.35)
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