Mysia is the northwestern region of Anatolia (Asia Minor) located on the shore of the Propontis (Marmara Sea) between Troas and Bithynia. The chief physical features of Mysia are the two mountains, Mount Olympus at (7600 ft) in the north and Mount Temnus in the south. The most important cities were Pergamon in the valley of the Caïcus, and Cyzicus on the Propontis. The whole sea-coast was studded with Greek towns, several of which were places of considerable importance; thus the northern portion included Parium, Lampsacus and Abydos, and the southern Assos, Adramyttium. Further south, on the Eleatic Gulf, were Elaea, Myrina and Cyme.
Livia and Julia, Pergamon, Mysia, c. 10 - 2 B.C.
Julia was Augustus' only natural child, the daughter of his second wife Scribonia. She was born the same day that Octavian divorced Scribonia, to marry Livia.
Julia's tragic destiny was to serve as a pawn in her father's dynastic plans. At age two, she was betrothed to Mark Antony's ten-year-old son, but the fathers' hostility ended the engagement. At age 14, she was married to her cousin but he died two years later. In 21 B.C., Julia married Agrippa, nearly 25 years her elder, Augustus' most trusted general and friend. Augustus had been advised, "You have made him so great that he must either become your son-in-law or be slain." Agrippa died suddenly in 12 B.C. and Julia was married in 11 B.C. to Tiberius.
During her marriages to Agrippa and TiberiusJulia took lovers. In 2 B.C., Julia was arrested for adultery and treason. Augustus declared her marriage and void. He also asserted in public that she had been plotting against his own life. Reluctant to execute her, Augustus had her exiled, with no men in sight, forbidden even to drink wine. Scribonia, Julia's mother, accompanied her into exile. Five years later, she was allowed to move to Rhegium but Augustus never forgave her. When Tiberius became emperor, he cut off her allowance and put her in solitary confinement in one room in her house. Within months she died from malnutrition.
RP59000. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 2359, SNG Cop 467, aF, weight 3.433 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, obverse ΛIBIAN HPAN CAPINOΣ, draped bust of Livia right; reverse IOYΛIAN AΦPO∆ITHN, draped bust of Julia right; $95.00 (€71.25)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Parium, Mysia
Located near Lampsacus, Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period it was in the domain of Lysimachus and then the Attalid dynasty. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia within the province of Asia. After Asia was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.
RP58874. Bronze quadrans, RPC I 2264, SNG Cop -, F, weight 2.497 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Parium mint, obverse AVG, bare head right; reverse capricorn right; $80.00 (€60.00)
Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 133 B.C.
Pergamon, Mysia was located to the north and west of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB63752. Bronze AE 18, cf. SNG BnF 1929 (B right rev), SNG Cop 383 ff., BMC Mysia p. 133, 195 ff., SNGvA 1375 - 1376, Von Fritze Pergamon 26 (all control variations), VF, weight 2.173 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 30o, Pergamon mint, obverse head of Athena right in helmet ornamented with a star; reverse AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, facing owl with spread wings, palm branch in talons, club left, Γ right; $80.00 (€60.00)
Pergamon, Mysia, c. 40 - 60 A.D.
Interesting autonomous series which does not bear the name of the issuing city; however, a large hoard of these coins was found near Pergamon in 1827.
RP67790. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 2374; SNG BnF 1964, BMC Mysia p. 134, 205; SGICV 4910; SNG Cop -, VF, flat strike area on rev, weight 2.726 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 225uo, Pergamon mint, c. 40 - 60 A.D.; obverse ΘEON CYN−KΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse ΘEAN PΩ−MHN, turreted and draped bust of Roma right; $75.00 (€56.25)
Lampsakos, Mysia, 4th - 3rd Century B.C.
GB82085. Bronze AE 12, BMC Mysia p. 84, 53 ff. var (symbol), VF, weight 1.849 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, die axis 180o, Lampsakos mint, 4th - 3rd Centuries B.C.; obverse ΛAM, female head right, hair rolled; reverse ΨA, forepart of winged horse right, grain kernel below; attractive very dark green patina; $70.00 (€52.50)
Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 450 - 400 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GS55274. Silver hemiobol, SNG Kayhan 58, BMC Mysia p. 35, 120, gF, weight 0.373 g, maximum diameter 9.8 mm, die axis 90o, Cyzicus mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse head of roaring lion left, star of four rays above, all in incuse square; $60.00 (€45.00)
Persian Empire, Satraps of Mysia, Orontas, c. 357 - 352 B.C.
GB57341. Bronze AE 9, Troxell Orontes -, BMC -, SNG Cop -, SNG BnF -, et al.; cf. CNG auction 247, lot 120 (a very similar AE 9, but with head right, also unpublished), F, weight 0.524 g, maximum diameter 9.1 mm, die axis 270o, Adramyteum mint, c. 357 - 352 B.C.; obverse ADPA, head left; reverse forepart of Pegasos right, OPON below; apparently unpublished; $60.00 (€45.00)
Adramytteion, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Adramytteion was a coastal town N.W. of Pergamon, said to be founded by Adramys, brother of King Kroisos. - Sear GCV
GB83060. Bronze AE 14, SNG Cop 3; SNGvAsupp. 7195-6; SGCV II 3805 var (Zeus left), BMC Mysia p. 2, 2-3 var (same), VF, weight 1.626 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 180o, Adramytteion mint, 2nd Cent B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus left; reverse A∆PAMYTHNΩN, horseman prancing right; $45.00 (€33.75)
Adramytteion, Mysia, c. 187 - 133 B.C.
Struck under the rule of the Attalid Kingdom of Pergamon. The Attalids, were descendants of Attalus, the father of Philetaerus who came to power in 281 BC following the collapse of the Kingdom of Thrace. The Attalids allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon and against Perseus of Macedon. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent civil war, he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome.
GB30231. Bronze AE 12, SGCV II 3803 (eagle on altar) or Weber 4949 (eagle on rock), aVF, weight 2.444 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 180o, Adramytteion mint, obverse head of Zeus facing slightly right; reverse A∆PA[...], eagle standing left; nice style for a small bronze; $36.00 (€27.00)
Pergamon, Mysia, c. 40 - 60 A.D.
Interesting autonomous series which does not bear the name of the issuing city. However a large hoard of these coins was found near Pergamon in 1827.
BB62905. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2374; BMC Mysia p. 134, 205; SGICV 4910; SNG Cop -, F, weight 3.004 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 40 - 60 A.D.; obverse ΘEON CYN−KΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse ΘEAN PΩ−MHN, turreted and draped bust of Roma right; $28.00 (€21.00)