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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Anatolia>Mysia PAGE 2/2«««12

Mysia

Mysia is the northwestern region of Anatolia (Asia Minor) located on the shore of the Propontis (Marmara Sea) between Troas and Bithynia. The chief physical features of Mysia are the two mountains, Mount Olympus at (7600 ft) in the north and Mount Temnus in the south. The most important cities were Pergamon in the valley of the Caïcus, and Cyzicus on the Propontis. The whole sea-coast was studded with Greek towns, several of which were places of considerable importance; thus the northern portion included Parium, Lampsacus and Abydos, and the southern Assos, Adramyttium. Further south, on the Eleatic Gulf, were Elaea, Myrina and Cyme.


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 282 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB90768. Bronze AE 10, BMC Mysia 24; SNG BnF 1587; SNG Cop 325; SGCV II 3959, VF, green patina, weight 1.022 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse two stars, each with six rays and a central pellet, Θ above, ΠEPΓ below; ex Forum (2010); $75.00 SALE PRICE $67.50

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Parium, Mysia
Click for a larger photo Located near Lampsacus, Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period it was in the domain of Lysimachus and then the Attalid dynasty. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia within the province of Asia. After Asia was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.
RP58874. Bronze quadrans, RPC I 2264, SNG Cop -, F, weight 2.497 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Parium mint, obverse AVG, bare head right; reverse capricorn right; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Persian Empire, Satraps of Mysia, Orontas, c. 357 - 352 B.C.
Click for a larger photo
GB57341. Bronze AE 9, Troxell Orontes -, BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -, SNG BnF -, et al.; cf. CNG auction 247, lot 120 (very similar AE 9, but with head right, also unpublished), F, weight 0.524 g, maximum diameter 9.1 mm, die axis 270o, Adramyteum mint, c. 357 - 352 B.C.; obverse ADPA, head left; reverse forepart of Pegasos right, OPON below; apparently unpublished; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00

Pitane, Mysia, 4th - 3rd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo
GB70532. Bronze AE 11, cf. SNG BnF 2350; SNG Cop 534; BMC Mysia p. 171, 7; SNG von Aulock -, Fair, weight 1.394 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, Pitane mint, 4th - 3rd century BC; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse pentagram, PITA (or PITAN) around; rare; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 282 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB69782. Bronze AE 12, SNG BnF 1587; SNG Cop 325; BMC Mysia p. 112, 24; SGCV II 3959, VF, weight 1.280 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 180o, Pergamon mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse two stars, Θ above ΠEPΓ below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 133 - 16 B.C.
Click for a larger photo When the Pergamene king Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.

The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as symbols and tools for healing and fertility. Asclepius, the son of Apollo and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
GB90172. Bronze AE 23, SNG BnF 1803 ff.; BMC Mysia p. 129, 158; SNGvA 1372; SNG Cop -, aF, weight 8.095 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 315o, Pergamon mint, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Asklepios right; reverse AΣKΛHΠIOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos; ex Ancient Imports; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB67495. Bronze AE 18, cf. SNG BnF 1875 ff.; SNG Cop 393 ff.; BMC Mysia p. 130, 172 ff., Fair, weight 6.767 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, trophy of captured arms; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 300 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the Nemean lion over his head. The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
BB69780. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 323; BMC Mysia p. 112, 22; SNG BnF 1596; SGCV II 3958, F, oval flan, green patina, weight 0.676 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 90o, Pergamon mint, c. 300 B.C.; obverse head of young Herakles right wearing lion's head; reverse head of Athena right in crested helmet, ΠEP below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40



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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Thursday, October 02, 2014.
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Mysia Greek Coins