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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Anatolia>MysiaPAGE 2/5«««12345»»»
Mysia

Mysia is the northwestern region of Anatolia (Asia Minor) located on the shore of the Propontis (Marmara Sea) between Troas and Bithynia. The chief physical features of Mysia are the two mountains, Mount Olympus at (7600 ft) in the north and Mount Temnus in the south. The most important cities were Pergamon in the valley of the Caïcus, and Cyzicus on the Propontis. The whole sea-coast was studded with Greek towns, several of which were places of considerable importance; thus the northern portion included Parium, Lampsacus and Abydos, and the southern Assos, Adramyttium. Further south, on the Eleatic Gulf, were Elaea, Myrina and Cyme.


Gambrion, Mysia, c. 350 - 200 B.C.

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The name of Gambrion is seen first in the book of Anabasis of Xenophon which discusses the region in 399 B.C. At that time the ruler of the city was Gorgion and the earliest coins of the city bear his name. Gambrion was an important town during the rule of the Pergamon Kingdom in the third and second centuries B.C.
GB71720. Bronze AE 17, SNG BnF 916; AMNG IV p. 143, 420; SNG Cop 146; SNGvA 1086; BMC Mysia p. 62, 2; SGCV II 3871, VF, nice patina, weight 3.499 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Gambrion (Poyracik, Izmir, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 200 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse Γ−A−M between rays of 12 point star; $150.00 (€130.50)


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 133 - 16 B.C.

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When the Pergamene king Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.

The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as symbols and tools for healing and fertility. Asclepius, the son of Apollo and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
GB72021. Bronze AE 21, SNG BnF 1803 ff.; BMC Mysia p. 129, 158; SNGvA 1372; SNG Cop -, Nice VF, attractive green patina, nice style, weight 7.440 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 45o, Pergamon mint, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Asklepios right; reverse AΣKΛHΠIOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos; $150.00 (€130.50)


Pitane, Mysia, c. 4th Century B.C.

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Pitane (modern Candarli, Turkey) was in the Delian League in the 5th century B.C. When the Athenian empire collapsed at the end of the 5th century B.C., Persia took control of Mysia, but allowed the cities considerable autonomy. In 335 B.C., Alexander's general Parmenion laid siege to the city, but the Persian general Memnon of Rhodes saved it. Pitane maintained its independence as a free city throughout the Hellenistic period. In the mid-second century B.C., Pergamon arbitrated a dispute between Pitane and Mytilene on nearby Lesbos over territory Pitane had purchased from the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter. In 84 B.C. Mithridates VI while evading the Roman general Gaius Flavius Fimbria fled to Pitane, where he was besieged by Fimbria before escaping to Mytilene by sea.
GB71549. Bronze AE 17, BMC Mysia p. 171, 5 - 6; SNG Cop 530 - 531; SNG BnF 2346 - 2348; SGCV II 3979, VF, weight 4.053 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 270o, Pitane mint, c. 4th century BC; obverse head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse pentagram, pellet in center, Π−I−T−A around; $140.00 (€121.80)


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Struck by Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") as strategos of Asia (320 - 306 B.C.) or as king (306 - 301 B.C.). Antigonos I was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C.
GS72014. Silver drachm, ADM II Series XII 374a (same dies), Price 1412, Müller Alexander 1678, SNG Cop 1003, SNG München 461, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, toned, porous, light pitting, weight 4.107 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 90o, Mysia, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to waist, himation around waist and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, ΓH monogram in left field, Θ under throne; struck by Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed") as strategos of Asia (320 - 306 B.C.) or as king (306 - 301 B.C.); $140.00 (€121.80)


Kyzicus, Mysia, c. 200 - 70 B.C.

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Click here to see a 5th century B.C. Marble Herm of Apollo in the Musei Capitolini in Rome.
GB72672. Bronze AE 14, Lindgren I 224 (this coin); Imhoof KM p. 22, 4; BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, VF, green patina, scratches, weight 1.875 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 270o, Kyzicus mint, c. 200 - 70 B.C.; obverse head and neck of bull right; reverse herm of Apollo facing, K-Y/Z-H divided across field in two lines; ex Roger Liles Collection, ex Henry Clay Lindgren Collection and Lindgren-Kovacs plate coin; rare; $135.00 (€117.45)


Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 450 - 400 B.C.

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During the Peloponnesian War, 431 - 404 B.C., Cyzicus was subject alternately to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GA71647. Silver hemiobol, SNG Kayhan 57 ff.; SNG BnF 375; SNG Cop 49; BMC Mysia p. 35, 120; SNGvA -, EF, weight 0.411 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, die axis 180o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse head of roaring lion left, star of four rays above, all in incuse square; $130.00 (€113.10)


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
GS71657. Silver drachm, Price 1406, Müller Alexander 821, SNG Cop 988, SNG Alpha Bank 586, VF, toned, porous, weight 3.922 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, eagle in right, lotus tipped long scepter vertical in left, KI left, ME under throne; $130.00 (€113.10)


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB73551. Bronze AE 19, SNGvA 1374; SNG Cop 396; SNG BnF 1875; BMC Mysia p. 131, 172 ff., Choice VF, weight 7.491 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 2nd Century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AΘHNAC NIKHΦOPOY, trophy of captured arms, Pergamon monogram lower right; $130.00 (€113.10)


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos, Mysia

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RPC identifies this ruler as "Uncertain Emperor (Tiberius?)" while SNG Copenhagen says "Tiberius." The portrait does look like Tiberius.
RP90508. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2279, SNG Cop 233, VF, weight 4.856 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Lampsacus mint, obverse CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right, uncertain object below; scarce; $125.00 (€108.75)


Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 480 - 400 B.C.

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Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GA71821. Silver hemiobol, SNG BnF 386; SNGvA 1215, SNG Ashmolean 540, Von Fritze II 13, SNG Kayhan -, aEF, porous, weight 0.399 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 480 - 400 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, retrograde K on shoulder, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse head of roaring lion left, small facing panther head above, all within a shallow incuse square; $125.00 (€108.75)




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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Wednesday, May 27, 2015.
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Mysia Greek Coins