Gambrion, , c. 350 - 200 B.C.
The name of Gambrion is seen first in the book of Anabasis of Xenophon which discusses the region in 399 B.C. At that time the ruler of the city was Gorgion and the earliest coins of the city bear his name. Gambrion was an important town during the rule of the Kingdom in the third and second centuries B.C.GB71720. Bronze AE 17, 916; p. 143, 420; 146; 1086; p. 62, 2; 3871, VF, nice , 3.499 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 180o, Gambrion (Poyracik, , Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 200 B.C.; laureate of right; Γ−A−M between rays of 12 point ; $150.00 (€130.50)
, , c. 133 - 16 B.C.
When the Pergamene Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.
The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as and tools for healing and fertility. , the son of and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.GB72021. Bronze AE 21, 1803 ff.; p. 129, 158; 1372; -, Nice VF, attractive green , nice , 7.440 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 45o, mint, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; laureate of Asklepios right; AΣKΛHΠIOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around ; $150.00 (€130.50)
Parion, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GS74097. Silver , 1385; 7424; p. 96, 31; 261 var (control symbol), gVF, porous, reverses a little off center, 2.387 g, maximum 13.9 mm, 0o, Parion mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; bull standing left, looking right, ΠA/PI in two lines above and below bull, or (control symbol) below; facing , surrounded by snakes; $150.00 (€130.50)
Kyzicus, , c. 200 - 70 B.C.
Click here to see a 5th century B.C. Marble Herm of in the Musei Capitolini in Rome. GB72672. Bronze AE 14, 224 (this coin); p. 22, 4; -, -; -, VF, green , scratches, 1.875 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 270o, Kyzicus mint, c. 200 - 70 B.C.; and neck of bull right; herm of facing, K-Y/Z-H divided across in two lines; ex Roger Liles Collection, ex Henry Clay Collection and plate coin; ; $135.00 (€117.45)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- , the free encyclopediaGS71657. Silver , 1406, 821, 988, 586, VF, , porous, 3.922 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; Herakles' right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, in right, lotus tipped long vertical in left, KI left, ME under throne; $130.00 (€113.10)
, , c. 2nd Century B.C.
, was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of .GB73551. Bronze AE 19, 1374; 396; 1875; p. 131, 172 ff., VF, 7.491 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, mint, c. 2nd Century B.C.; helmeted of right; AΘHNAC NIKHΦOPOY, of captured arms, lower right; $130.00 (€113.10)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos,
RPC identifies this ruler as "Uncertain Emperor ( ?)" while says "Tiberius." The portrait does look like .RP90508. Bronze AE 15, 2279, 233, VF, 4.856 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, Lampsacus mint, CEBAC, laureate right; ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right, uncertain object below; ; $125.00 (€108.75)
Pitane, , c. 4th Century B.C.
Pitane (modern Candarli, Turkey) was in the Delian League in the 5th century B.C. When the Athenian empire collapsed at the end of the 5th century B.C., took control of , but allowed the cities considerable autonomy. In 335 B.C., Alexander's general Parmenion laid siege to the city, but the Persian general Memnon of Rhodes saved it. Pitane maintained its independence as a free city throughout the Hellenistic period. In the mid-second century B.C., arbitrated a dispute between Pitane and Mytilene on nearby over territory Pitane had purchased from the Seleucid Antiochus I . In 84 B.C. while evading the Roman general Gaius Flavius Fimbria fled to Pitane, where he was besieged by Fimbria before escaping to Mytilene by sea.GB71549. Bronze AE 17, p. 171, 5 - 6; 530 - 531; 2346 - 2348; 3979, VF, 4.053 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 270o, Pitane mint, c. 4th century BC; of Zeus right; pentagram, pellet in center, Π−I−T−A around; $125.00 (€108.75)
Kyzikos, , c. 480 - 400 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GA71821. Silver , 386; 1215, 540, 13, -, aEF, porous, 0.399 g, maximum 9.9 mm, 0o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 480 - 400 B.C.; forepart of running left, retrograde K on shoulder, tunny fish upwards behind; of roaring left, small facing above left, all within a shallow square; $125.00 (€108.75)
, , c. 2nd Century B.C.
, was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of .GB71726. Bronze AE 20, 1374; 396; 1875; p. 131, 172 ff., VF, nice green , small areas of earthen encrustation, 6.019 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 0o, mint, c. 2nd Century B.C.; helmeted of right; AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, of captured arms, lower right; $125.00 (€108.75)
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