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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ MysiaView Options:  |  |  |     

Mysia

Mysia is the northwestern region of Anatolia (Asia Minor) located on the shore of the Propontis (Marmara Sea) between Troas and Bithynia. The chief physical features of Mysia are the two mountains, Mount Olympus at (7600 ft) in the north and Mount Temnus in the south. The most important cities were Pergamon in the valley of the Caïcus, and Cyzicus on the Propontis. The whole sea-coast was studded with Greek towns, several of which were places of considerable importance; thus the northern portion included Parium, Lampsacus and Abydos, and the southern Assos, Adramyttium. Further south, on the Eleatic Gulf, were Elaea, Myrina and Cyme.


Priapus, Mysia, 3rd Century B.C.

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Palinurus Elephas is a spiny lobster, which is commonly caught in the Mediterranean Sea. Its common names include European spiny lobster, crayfish or cray (in Ireland), common spiny lobster, Mediterranean lobster and red lobster. Claws are much smaller than those of the American lobsters.
GB76833. Brass AE 19, cf. BMC Mysia p. 176, 3 - 5; SNG Cop 548; SNGvA 1435; SNG Tübingen 2499; SNG BnF 2401 - 2402, F, centered on a tight flan, earthen encrustation, pin-prick pitting, weight 5.014 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 90o, Priapus (Karabiga, Turkey) mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠPIAΠHNΩN, lobster or crayfish right, control symbol below (off flan); rare; $140.00 (€124.60)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB71675. Bronze AE 18, SNG BnF 1885 ff.; SNG Tübingen 2429; SNG Cop 396; BMC Mysia p. 131, 179 var. (monogram), SNGvA 1374 var. (same), VF, green patina, weight 7.193 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, trophy of captured arms, ΘΛ monogram inner left, Pergamon monogram lower right; $135.00 (€120.15)
 


Gambrion, Mysia, c. 350 - 200 B.C.

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The name of Gambrion is seen first in the book of Anabasis of Xenophon which discusses the region in 399 B.C. At that time the ruler of the city was Gorgion and the earliest coins of the city bear his name. Gambrion was an important town during the rule of the Pergamon Kingdom in the third and second centuries B.C.
GB71720. Bronze AE 17, SNG BnF 916; AMNG IV p. 143, 420; SNG Cop 146; SNGvA 1086; BMC Mysia p. 62, 2; SGCV II 3871, VF, nice patina, weight 3.499 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Gambrion (Poyracik, Izmir, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 200 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse Γ−A−M between rays of 12 point star; $135.00 (€120.15)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Philip

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Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the Nemean lion over his head. The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
GS77213. Silver drachm, ADM II series IX, 173; Price P16; Müller Alexander -; SNG Cop -; SNG München -; SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, obverse off-center, porosity, weight 4.075 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 270o, Mysia, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 319 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, long lotus topped scepter vertical behind in left hand, buckle left, crescent over A under throne; struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos; $135.00 (€120.15)
 


Lampsakos, Mysia, c. 5th - 4th Century B.C.

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This type is apparently missing from the major references and collections but we have handled several and know of about a dozen. The styles vary considerably, indicating they may have been struck over a long period. The mint city is not certain.
GA90771. Silver hemiobol, SNG BnF -, SNG Keckman -, SNG Kayhan -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Mysia -, Rosen -, Klein -, VF, weight 0.444 g, maximum diameter 9.0 mm, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 5th - 4th century B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in Corinthian helmet; reverse star of four rays and four pellets surrounding central pellet; ex Forum (2010); very rare; $130.00 (€115.70)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 133 B.C.

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The sanctuary and temple of Athena Polias Nikephoros (Athena of the City, Bringer of Victory) was one of the oldest and most important religious centers in Pergamon. It stood directly behind and above the theater of the acropolis, and included the famous Library of Pergamon. The propylon of the sanctuary, in the photograph on the right, is now in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.Sanctuary
GB71985. Bronze AE 15, cf. SNG BnF 1910 - 1912, SNGvA 1376; SNG Cop 383 ff. var. (different monograms), SGCV II 3962 var. (monograms), VF, well centered green patina, weight 3.280 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 133 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in helmet ornamented with a star; reverse facing owl with spread wings, palm branch in talons, AΘHNAΣ above, NIKHΦOPOY below and ΓA monogram left, uncertain monogram right; $130.00 (€115.70)
 


Priapus, Mysia, 3rd Century B.C.

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Priapos (Karabiga, Turkey today) is located on the Mysian coast, on a small east-facing bay at the mouth of the Biga River, about a third of the distance from ancient Parium to Cyzicus. Strabo mentions that the area produced fine wine and that the god Priapus gave the town its ancient name. Thucydides mentions the town as a naval station. In 334 B.C., the town surrendered to Alexander the Great without contest, prior to the Battle of Granicus. Deities worshiped there included Demeter, Apollo, Artemis, and Dionysus. Under the Eastern Roman Empire, the town was known as Pegae and was the site of a Byzantine fortress.
GB84105. Bronze AE 10, Lindgren III 293 var. (AE14), SNG BnF 2404 (scallop control), BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Tübingen -, VF, green patina, weight 1.184 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 0o, Priapus (Karabiga, Turkey) mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse crawfish or shrimp right, ΠPI above, stalk of barley right (control symbol) below; very rare; $125.00 (€111.25)
 


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos, Mysia

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RPC identifies this ruler as Uncertain Emperor (Tiberius?) while SNG Copenhagen says Tiberius. The portrait does look like Tiberius.
GB90185. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2279, SNG Cop 233, BMC Mysia -, F, weight 3.804 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 225o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, obverse CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right; rare; $120.00 (€106.80)
 


Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 450 - 400 B.C.

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During the Peloponnesian War, 431 - 404 B.C., Cyzicus was subject alternately to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GS84195. Silver hemiobol, SNG Kayhan 57 ff.; SNG BnF 375; SNG Cop 49; BMC Mysia p. 35, 120; SNGvA -, Choice gVF, some porosity, weight 0.360 g, maximum diameter 8.9 mm, die axis 225o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse head of roaring lion left, star of four rays above, all in incuse square; ex Forum (2009); $120.00 (€106.80)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB73551. Bronze AE 19, SNGvA 1374; SNG Cop 396; SNG BnF 1875; BMC Mysia p. 131, 172 ff., Choice VF, weight 7.491 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AΘHNAC NIKHΦOPOY, trophy of captured arms, Pergamon monogram lower right; $115.00 (€102.35)
 




    



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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Friday, December 09, 2016.
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Mysia Greek Coins