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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Anatolia>Mysia PAGE 2/2«««12

Mysia

Mysia is the northwestern region of Anatolia (Asia Minor) located on the shore of the Propontis (Marmara Sea) between Troas and Bithynia. The chief physical features of Mysia are the two mountains, Mount Olympus at (7600 ft) in the north and Mount Temnus in the south. The most important cities were Pergamon in the valley of the Caïcus, and Cyzicus on the Propontis. The whole sea-coast was studded with Greek towns, several of which were places of considerable importance; thus the northern portion included Parium, Lampsacus and Abydos, and the southern Assos, Adramyttium. Further south, on the Eleatic Gulf, were Elaea, Myrina and Cyme.


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Struck shortly after Alexander's death during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. Lampsacus also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to Alexander III the Great, but undoubtedly the Alexander named on this coin was the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Olympias was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.
GS67743. Silver drachm, Price 1378, Müller Alexander -, F, weight 4.207 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 225o, Lampsacus mint, 320 - 317 A.D.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck, K on lion's jaw behind Herakles' ear; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, legs crossed, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, Pegasos forepart left, buckle under throne; $85.00 (€63.75)

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 40 - 60 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Interesting autonomous series which does not bear the name of the issuing city; however, a large hoard of these coins was found near Pergamon in 1827.
RP67790. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 2374; SNG BnF 1964, BMC Mysia p. 134, 205; SGICV 4910; SNG Cop -, VF, flat strike area on rev, weight 2.726 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 225uo, Pergamon mint, c. 40 - 60 A.D.; obverse ΘEON CYN−KΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse ΘEAN PΩ−MHN, turreted and draped bust of Roma right; $75.00 (€56.25)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Parium, Mysia
Click for a larger photo Located near Lampsacus, Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period it was in the domain of Lysimachus and then the Attalid dynasty. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia within the province of Asia. After Asia was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.
RP58874. Bronze quadrans, RPC I 2264, SNG Cop -, F, weight 2.497 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Parium mint, obverse AVG, bare head right; reverse capricorn right; $70.00 (€52.50)

Persian Empire, Satraps of Mysia, Orontas, c. 357 - 352 B.C.
Click for a larger photo
GB57341. Bronze AE 9, Troxell Orontes -, BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -, SNG BnF -, et al.; cf. CNG auction 247, lot 120 (very similar AE 9, but with head right, also unpublished), F, weight 0.524 g, maximum diameter 9.1 mm, die axis 270o, Adramyteum mint, c. 357 - 352 B.C.; obverse ADPA, head left; reverse forepart of Pegasos right, OPON below; apparently unpublished; $50.00 (€37.50)

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pergamon, Mysia was located to the north and west of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB67495. Bronze AE 18, cf. SNG BnF 1875 ff.; SNG Cop 393 ff.; BMC Mysia p. 130, 172 ff., Fair, weight 6.767 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 2nd Century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, trophy of arms; $36.00 (€27.00)

Adramytteion, Mysia, c. 187 - 133 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Struck under the rule of the Attalid Kingdom of Pergamon. The Attalids, were descendants of Attalus, the father of Philetaerus who came to power in 281 BC following the collapse of the Kingdom of Thrace. The Attalids allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon and against Perseus of Macedon. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent civil war, he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome.
GB30231. Bronze AE 12, SGCV II 3803 (eagle on altar) or Weber 4949 (eagle on rock), aVF, weight 2.444 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 180o, Adramytteion mint, obverse head of Zeus facing slightly right; reverse A∆PA[...], eagle standing left; nice style for a small bronze; $32.00 (€24.00)

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 40 - 60 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Interesting autonomous series which does not bear the name of the issuing city. However a large hoard of these coins was found near Pergamon in 1827.
BB62905. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2374; BMC Mysia p. 134, 205; SGICV 4910; SNG Cop -, F, weight 3.004 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 40 - 60 A.D.; obverse ΘEON CYN−KΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse ΘEAN PΩ−MHN, turreted and draped bust of Roma right; $28.00 (€21.00)



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REFERENCES

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Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Mysia. (London, 1892).

Catalog current as of Friday, April 18, 2014.
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Mysia Greek Coins