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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Anatolia>Mysia PAGE 2/3«««123»»»

Mysia

Mysia is the northwestern region of Anatolia (Asia Minor) located on the shore of the Propontis (Marmara Sea) between Troas and Bithynia. The chief physical features of Mysia are the two mountains, Mount Olympus at (7600 ft) in the north and Mount Temnus in the south. The most important cities were Pergamon in the valley of the Caïcus, and Cyzicus on the Propontis. The whole sea-coast was studded with Greek towns, several of which were places of considerable importance; thus the northern portion included Parium, Lampsacus and Abydos, and the southern Assos, Adramyttium. Further south, on the Eleatic Gulf, were Elaea, Myrina and Cyme.


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Struck after Alexander's death, by Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos, during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. Lampsakos also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to Alexander III the Great, but undoubtedly the Alexander named on this coin was the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Olympias was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.
SH71593. Silver drachm, Price 1375, Müller Alexander 623, SNG Cop 939, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, toned, weight 4.154 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 225o, Mysia, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, buckle left, Λ over Ω under throne; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00 ON RESERVE

Kyzicus, Mysia, c. 200 - 70 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Click here to see a 5th century B.C. Marble Herm of Apollo in the Musei Capitolini in Rome.
GB72672. Bronze AE 14, Lindgren I 224 (this coin); Imhoof KM p. 22, 4; BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, VF, green patina, scratches, weight 1.875 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 270o, Kyzicus mint, c. 200 - 70 B.C.; obverse head and neck of bull right; reverse herm of Apollo facing, K-Y/Z-H divided across field in two lines; ex Roger Liles Collection, ex Henry Clay Lindgren Collection and Lindgren-Kovacs plate coin; rare; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00

Pitane, Mysia, c. 4th Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pitane (modern Candarli, Turkey) was in the Delian League in the 5th century B.C. When the Athenian empire collapsed at the end of the 5th century B.C., Persia took control of Mysia, but allowed the cities considerable autonomy. In 335 B.C., Alexander's general Parmenion laid siege to the city, but the Persian general Memnon of Rhodes saved it. Pitane maintained its independence as a free city throughout the Hellenistic period. In the mid-second century B.C., Pergamon arbitrated a dispute between Pitane and Mytilene on nearby Lesbos over territory Pitane had purchased from the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter. In 84 B.C. Mithridates VI while evading the Roman general Gaius Flavius Fimbria fled to Pitane, where he was besieged by Fimbria before escaping to Mytilene by sea.
GB71549. Bronze AE 17, BMC Mysia p. 171, 5 - 6; SNG Cop 530 - 531; SNG BnF 2346 - 2348; SGCV II 3979, VF, weight 4.053 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 270o, Pitane mint, c. 4th century BC; obverse head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse pentagram, pellet in center, Π−I−T−A around; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lampsakos, Mysia
Click for a larger photo RPC identifies this ruler as "Uncertain Emperor (Tiberius?)" while SNG Copenhagen says "Tiberius." The portrait does look like Tiberius.
RP90508. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2279, SNG Cop 233, VF, weight 4.856 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Lampsacus mint, obverse CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΛAMΨAKH, forepart of Pegasos right, uncertain object below; scarce; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 480 - 400 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GA71821. Silver hemiobol, SNG BnF 386; SNGvA 1215, SNG Ashmolean 540, Von Fritze II 13, SNG Kayhan -, aEF, porous, weight 0.399 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 480 - 400 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, retrograde K on shoulder, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse head of roaring lion left, small facing panther head above, all within a shallow incuse square; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 133 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB71807. Brass AE 18, BMC Mysia p. 123, 201 and pl. XXVII, 15; SNG Cop 387; SNGvA 1375; SGCV II 3963, VF, weight 3.168 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 200 - 133 B.C.; obverse head Athena right wearing crested helmet with star, hair in curls down neck; reverse AΘH−NAΣ / NIKHΦOPOY, owl standing facing on palm frond, wings spread, Π − ∆ flanking under wings; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB90868. Bronze AE 19, SNGvA 1374; SNG Cop 396; SNG BnF 1875; BMC Mysia p. 131, 172 ff., VF, green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 7.292 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, trophy of captured arms, Pergamon monogram lower right; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50

Kyzikos, Mysia, 1st - 2nd Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 74 B.C. Cyzicus, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, it was made the capital of Mysia, afterward of Hellespontus. Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world.
RP72665. Bronze AE 13, RPC I 2239 (same dies); Von Fritz X 41; SNG BnF 515; SNG Cop 85; BMC Mysia, p. 41, 170; McClean 7592, Choice gVF, nice green patina, weight 2.344 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 0o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 1st - 2nd Century A.D.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse lyre, K-Y/Z-I flanking in two lines; ex Roger Liles Collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Kyzikos, Mysia
Click for a larger photo In 74 B.C. Cyzicus, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, it was made the capital of Mysia, afterward of Hellespontus. Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world.
RP53294. Bronze AE 23, SNG Cop 143, BMC Mysia 287, F, weight 5.654 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 45o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, obverse CAΛΩNEINA CE, draped bust right, wearing stephane, set on crescent; reverse KYZIKHN KEOKOPΩ, quinquereme with four oarsmen right, Triton blowing horn right; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 282 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakirçay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB90768. Bronze AE 10, BMC Mysia 24; SNG BnF 1587; SNG Cop 325; SGCV II 3959, VF, green patina, weight 1.022 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse two stars, each with six rays and a central pellet, Θ above, ΠEPΓ below; ex Forum (2010); $75.00 SALE PRICE $67.50



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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Sunday, March 29, 2015.
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Mysia Greek Coins