Kyme, Aiolis, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Cyme, one of the oldest and noblest of the Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in , though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its inhabitants were mainly agricultural and averse to seafaring.GA71981. Silver
Pisidian Tribes (Pisidic, Galatian, or ?), Imitative of Selge, , c. 350 - 190 B.C.
This coin is a barbaric tribal imitative of a similar struck by Selge. Selge was a fortress-like Greek colony on the southern slope of Mount in , a wild frontier inhabited by warlike tribes, pirates, and bandits. Herodotus called the indigenous Pisidic people "Lakuna" but this was just one of many Pisidic tribes. The Hellenistic kings were never able to govern these indigenous people or the invading Galatian and new arrivals. In 39 B.C. Marc Antony entrusted to the Galatian client Amyntas and charged him with putting down the bandit Homonadesians, who threatened the roads connecting to . After Amyntas was killed in the struggle in 25 B.C., Rome made of the new province of . The Homonadesians were finally wiped out in 3 B.C.GS73027. Silver
Kyzikos, , 450 - 400 B.C.
During the Peloponnesian War, 431 - 404 B.C., Cyzicus was subject alternately to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
Taras, , Italy, c. 380 - 325 B.C.
The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt. This was struck with dozens of different pose variations on the . In some scenes it even appears might lose. There are so many variations that it may be possible to take the photographs of the reverses and arrange them in a flip book to animate the fight.GS67287. Silver
Selge, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Selge, on the southern slope of Mount where the river Eurymedon (Köprücay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of . Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was strong enough to repel a body of Goths.GS68737. Silver
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in , though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable was a valuable asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After , was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, , and Ottomans.GA71547. Silver
Halikarnassos(?), , c. 400 - 340 B.C.
In Kadmos 37 (1998), K. identifies Halikarnassos as a possible reading of the Carian . The ram's may be a symbol of as the god of flocks and herds.GS73023. Silver
Kyzikos, , c. 450 - 400 B.C.
During the Peloponnesian War, 431 - 404 B.C., Cyzicus was subject alternately to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GA71658. Silver
Kelenderis, , 410 - 375 B.C.
The land around Kelenderis was inadequate for farming but, apparently from the coins, suitable for raising goats. On the plateau behind the hills there were vineyards and olive trees, rich sources of minerals, especially iron and woods, mainly pine and cedar, which were essential for ship building. The town was connected to the Central Anatolian Plateau with suitable passages in the valleys, but it was mainly a , connected with and other countries lying on the Mediterranean coasts.GS71674. Silver
, c. 500 - 450 B.C.
A most unusual use of illusion on a coin. The two boars' heads can also be viewed as the facing of a .GA72262.
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