Apollonia Pontika, , c. 519 - 478 B.C.
Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for . The temple contained a colossal statue of by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its trade. GA64065. Silver , p. 570, 6; 32; 149, VF, grainy, 0.417 g, maximum 6.8 mm, 90o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, c. 519 - 478 B.C.; with perpendicular crossbar and circular loop on end, two pellets; curled swastika pattern; $110.00 (€97.90)
Halikarnassos(?), , c. 400 - 340 B.C.
In Kadmos 37 (1998), K. identifies Halikarnassos as a possible reading of the Carian . The ram may be a symbol of as the god of flocks and herds.GA72261. Silver , 873 (uncertain mint), 996, 496, 3316, -, -, VF, 0.507 g, maximum 8.6 mm, 270o, Carian mint, c. 400 - 340 B.C; of ram right; young male right, retrograde (resembles reversed S-A) across lower fields; $110.00 (€97.90)
Kebren, , c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Cebren was named for the river-god, whose river was located near Troy. He was the son of Oceanus and Tethys and father of Asterope, , and Oenone. Around 310 B.C., moved the residents of Cebren to , his new city.GA71662. Silver , cf. 254; 1544; 1078; p. 43, 7, VF, , nice , , 0.951 g, maximum 9.4 mm, Kebren mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; ram right, KEBP below; square with an irregular quadripartite/cruciform pattern; ; $105.00 (€93.45)
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Hecatomnids, c. 392 - 353 B.C.
The Hecatomnid dynasty or Hecatomnids were the rulers of and surrounding areas from about 392 - 334 B.C. They were nominally satraps (governors) under the Persian Achaeminid Empire, but ruled with considerable autonomy, and established a hereditary dynasty. The dynasty was founded by and originally had its seat in Mylasa; moved it to Halicarnassus. Hecatomnus' five children succeeded him in succession. The dynasty engaged in sibling marriage to presumably preserve royal power within the family. The dynasty ended with the conquests of Alexander the Great. Ada adopted him as her son, so that he would succeed to the rule of . The best-known monument of the dynasty is the Mausoleum that Artemisia II built in of her husband and brother .
• , ruled c. 392–377 B.C.
• , son of , ruled c. 377–353 B.C.
• Artemisia II, daughter of , wife of , ruled c. 353–351 B.C.
• Idrieus, son of , ruled c. 351–344 B.C.
• Ada, daughter of , wife of Idrieus, ruled c. 344–340 B.C. and c. 334–326 B.C. (under Alexander the Great)
• Pixodarus, son of , ruled c. 340–335 B.C.GS70805. Silver tetartemorion, 4, 862, 503, cf. 990 (no ), -, -, F, , 0.430 g, maximum 8.2 mm, 180o, (Mylasia? or Halicarnassus?) mint, early to mid 4th century B.C.; and neck of a left, turned slightly facing; and neck of a bull left, turned facing, Karian (resembles MV-H-Φ, clockwise from above), all within a round ; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Leontini, , c. 476 - 455 B.C.
Leontini was founded by from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the .GS65783. Silver hemilitra, 548; B; cf. 688 (R2, ); 216 ( , finer ); p. 88, 22 (same); 342 (same), F, , porous, crude (perhaps a barbaric imitative), 0.297 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 225o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; crude facing scalp, dot ; LE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round ; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by in 2012; very ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Mende, Chalcidice, Macedon, c. 510 - 480 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C. GA90295. Silver tritartemorion, .2, 8; 307; 34, VF, porous surfaces, uneven tone, 0.292 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Mende mint, c. 510 - 480 B.C.; and neck of ass right; pellet at truncation; mill-sail pattern ; ex CNG auction 249, lot 50; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving , Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for Rome (Acts 27:3, 4).GS70324. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; Hoover 10 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), VF, , , lightly etched surfaces, 0.841 g, maximum 9.45 mm, 0o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin between them; $100.00 (€89.00)
, , c. 413 - 406 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on , but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.GI83604. Silver , 59, 1010, 105 (R1), -, F, , etched surfaces, grainy surfaces, 1.86 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 180o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, c. 413 - 406 B.C.; right, wings open, lowered, holding supine hare right in talons; crab seen from above, fish right below; $100.00 (€89.00)
Ziz (Panormos), Punic , c. 405 - 380 B.C.
Some authorities have identified the male on the as . Indeed, on some examples the does resemble other depictions of the youthful sun god, but on other examples the god is horned. On this coin the seems to better resemble traditional depictions of Herakles or . The usually has the Punic above the bull. Sometimes it is below. Most likely it should be above on this coin but is merely unstruck.GS66771. Silver , cf. (SNR 50) 14; p. 249, 27; 551; 889 (all w/ Punic "sys" above bull), aVF, 0.547 g, maximum 9.14 mm, 45o, Ziz (Palermo, , Italy) mint, c. 405 - 380 B.C.; male left; advancing left, turned facing; $95.00 (€84.55)
(?), c. 450 - 350 B.C.
This is apparently unpublished and we were unable to find another example. This rosette is known, paired with a variety of punch reverses for this . Those coins may be earlier issues from the same uncertain mint in .GS75854. Silver tetartemorion, Apparently unpublished, VF, rough, 0.116 g, maximum 4.8 mm, uncertain (?) mint, c. 450 - 350 B.C.; rosette; of bull left; ex Failla Numismatics (2013); $90.00 (€80.10)
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