Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honorCaesarAugustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
RP90613. Silver hemidrachm, Metcalf 86a; Sydenham Caesarea 255; BMC Galatia p. 62, 140; SNGvA 6413; SNG Cop 223 var (draped and cuirassed), gF, well centered, struck with worn dies, weight 1.560 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea mint, 120 - 121 A.D.; obverse AYTO KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEBACT, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverseVictory advancing right, wreath in extended right, palm frond over shoulder in left, ET ∆ (year 4) in right field; ex CNG auction 326, part of lot 713; $120.00 (€90.00)
Taras, Calabria, Italy, c. 380 - 325 B.C.
The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt. This type was struck with dozens of different pose variations on the reverse. In some scenes it even appears Herakles might lose. There are so many variations that it may be possible to take the photographs of the reverses and arrange them in a flip book to animate the fight.
GS67287. Silver diobol, Vlasto 1254 ff., HN Italy 914, SGCV I 351, aVF, grainy, small flan, obverse off center, weight 0.749 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 180o, Taras mint, c. 380 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested attic helmet decorated with a hippocamp; reverse TAPANTINΩN(?), young Heracles standing right strangling the Nemean lion, nude, club behind, K between Herakles legs; $110.00 (€82.50)
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C.
Philip and Perseus were the last Antigonid kings of Macedonia. Their reigns were both principally marked by unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., Macedonia came under Roman rule.
SH68563. Silver tetrobol, SNG Cop 1292; BMC Macedonia p. 10, 26; AMNG III 24, VF, tight flan, weight 2.115 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Macedonian mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse wreathed head of Maenad right; reverse MAKE/∆ONΩN, stern of galley sailing left, two crewmen standing on deck, M (control letter) right; scarce; $110.00 (€82.50)
Selge, Pisidia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprüçay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GS68737. Silver obol, SNGvA 5266 ff.; SNG BnF 1930; SNG Kayhan 1061; BMC Lycia p. 257, 7; cf. SNG Cop 246 ff. (no tongue); SGCV II 5478, VF, toned, edge chip, weight 0.768 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 45o, Selge mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverseGorgoneion head facing with protruding tongue; reverse helmeted head of Athena right, astragalos behind; $110.00 (€82.50)
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection
SNG Kayhan is a standard reference for the archaic silver fractional coins of Ionia and Karia and a very good overall for pre-Roman Greek coins from those areas (Ephesos and Miletos in particular). The book largely covers the private collection of the author and this particular volume consists solely of Greek coinage (i.e. Roman Provincials are not present). While there is some coverage of areas such as Thrace, Macedonia, Boiotia, Attika, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lydia, Phrygia, Lykia, Pamphylia, Pisidia, Isauria, Kilikia, Cyprus, Syria, Egypt, Incerti, it is Ionia and Karia that get most attention.
BK65561. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection, Istanbul, 2002, quatro, 41 pages of plates with corresponding pages of descriptions (1,076 coins); $100.00 (€75.00)
Pharsalos, Thessaly, Greece, Mid - Late 5th Century B.C.
Pharsalos, built on a hillside of the Narthacius Mountains, was one of the main cities in Thessaly. In the Persian Wars it sided with the Athenians. In the early 4th century B.C., the city was a part of the Thessalian League. Later, it joined the Macedonian Kingdom under Philip II. The area became a theater of war where the Aetolians and the Thessalians clashed with the Macedonians, especially during the Second and the Third Macedonian Wars. After the defeat of the Macedonian Kingdom, Pharsalos and the whole area became a part of the Roman Republic. Pharsalos is famous for being the scene of the final battle between Caesar and Pompey.
GS90188. Silver hemidrachm, Lavva 31 (V21/R19); SNG Cop 217 - 218; BCD Thessaly II 664; BMC Thessaly p. 43, 2; SGCV I 2189, aF, weight 2.656 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 45o, Pharsalos mint, Mid - Late 5th century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right, crested helmet, ear-flap raised; reverse horse head and neck right, Φ−AP downward on right; $100.00 (€75.00)
Trierus, Thrace, 450 - 400 B.C.
The existence of ancient Trierus is only known from its coins.
GA64386. Silver hemiobol, SNG Cop 822; SNG Berry 498; BMC Thrace p. 181, 4; Klein 99; Weber 2399, aVF, toned, old scratches, weight 0.424 g, maximum diameter 9.8 mm, die axis 180o, Trierus mint, 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right within circle of dots; reverse TPIH, laurel branch, inscription around, linear square border, all within incuse square; $95.00 (€71.25) ON RESERVE
Tarsos, Cilicia, c. 380 - 360 B.C.
GS58069. Silver obol, SNG BnF 310 - 311, SNG Levante 217 - 218, F, weight 0.458 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, Tarsos mint, obverse uncertain female head facing slightly left; reversebust of Aphrodite right, wearing tainia; $90.00 (€67.50)
Cilicia, c. 480 - 400 B.C.
The attribution of this extremely raretype to Cilicia is uncertain. The obverse is imitative of coins of Athens, where around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. Forum knows of three examples of the type without olive leaves on the helmet, but we are not aware of any other specimens of this variety with the three olive leaves on the helmet.
GS65780. Silver hemiobol, unpublished in standard references, cf. CNG auction 294, lot 381 (no olive leaves or scroll on helmet), F, edge chips, weight 0.185 g, maximum diameter 7.0 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain mint, c. 480 - 400 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll; reverselion right, raising left forepaw, dot border, all within a round incuse; extremely rare; $90.00 (€67.50)
Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 350 - 320 B.C.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus.
GS68736. Silver obol, cf. SNG Cop 819 ff. (different magistrates), SNGvA -, SNG Kayhan -, BMC Ionia -, F, uneven toning, porosity, weight 0.721 g, maximum diameter 9.8 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; obverse horseman prancing right with helmet, cuirass, and chlamys; holding couched spear; reverse MAΓN, bull butting left atop Maeander pattern, ∆IOΠEIN(?) (magistrate name) below; rare; $90.00 (€67.50)