Kelenderis, , 425 - 400 B.C.
The land around Kelenderis was inadequate for farming but, apparently from the coins, suitable for raising goats. On the plateau behind the hills there were vineyards and olive trees, rich sources of minerals, especially iron and , mainly pine and cedar, which were essential for ship building. The town was connected to the Central Anatolian Plateau with suitable passages in the valleys, but it was mainly a , connected with and other countries lying on the Mediterranean coasts.GS65748. Silver , p. 56, 32; 6 var (Pegasos left); -; -; -; -, VF, , some , 0.797 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 270o, Kelenderis mint, 425 - 400 B.C.; forepart of right, curved wings, of dots; KE (upper right), forepart of goat left, turned back right; ex CNG e-Auction 185, lot 229 (27 Mar 2013); ex Kelly J. Krizan M.D. Collection; CNG Auction 25, lot 362 (24 Mar 1993); very ; $85.00 (€74.80)
Kyzikos, , c. 450 - 400 B.C.
During the Peloponnesian War, 431 - 404 B.C., Cyzicus was subject alternately to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GS75112. Silver , 57 ff.; 375; 49; p. 35, 120; -, gVF, 0.390 g, maximum 10.9 mm, 90o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; forepart of running left, tunny fish upwards behind; of roaring left, of four rays above, all in square; $85.00 (€74.80)
Temnos, , 4th - 3rd Century B.C.
The referenced CNG coin is the only official(?) example of this known to and our coin is the only unofficial example of this known to . The CNG coin sold for $340 plus fees.GS31755. silver plated , unpublished in references (both official and unofficial); CNG auction 94 (18 Sep 2013), lot 481 (apparently solid silver, 11mm, 1.55, 4h), aVF, plating chips and corrosion exposing bronze core, 1.372 g, maximum 11.5 mm, 0o, unofficial mint, 4th - 3rd century B.C.; of bearded Dionysos left; , T - A flanking low across ; unique(?); $80.00 (€70.40)
Magnesia ad Maeandrum, , c. 350 - 320 B.C.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of , located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of .GS68736. Silver , cf. 819 ff. (different magistrates), -, -, -, F, uneven , , 0.721 g, maximum 9.8 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; horseman prancing right with helmet, , and ; holding couched spear; MAΓN, bull butting left atop Maeander pattern, ∆IOΠEIN(?) (magistrate name) below; ; $80.00 (€70.40)
Kelenderis, , c. 425 - 400 B.C.
The land around Kelenderis was inadequate for farming but, apparently from the coins, suitable for raising goats. On the plateau behind the hills there were vineyards and olive trees, rich sources of minerals, especially iron and , mainly pine and cedar, which were essential for ship building. The town was connected to the Central Anatolian Plateau with suitable passages in the valleys, but it was mainly a , connected with and other countries lying on the Mediterranean coasts.GS90735. Silver , 80; 27; p. 56, 30; 5635; 88; 7523 (S RCV 5536), VF, , , 0.765 g, maximum 9.6 mm, 90o, Kelenderis mint, c. 425 - 400 B.C.; forepart of Pegasos right with curved wing; KE−Λ, goat kneeling right, turned back left; $80.00 (€70.40)
Persian Empire, Gebal-Byblos, , Azba'al, c. 400 - 376 B.C.
Byblos produced papyrus and our word bible was derived from the name of this city. In the Persian period, 538 ? 332 B.C., Byblos was one of four Persian vassal kingdoms in ; the other three were , Tyre, and Arwad.GS73436. Silver 1/16 , 15; p. 95, 6 - 7; 134 (S), -, VF, dark tone, 0.740 g, maximum 11.1 mm, Byblos mint, c. 400 - 376 B.C.; galley left with prow ornament, two hoplites onboard, left below, Phoenician letters AZ (Azba'al) above tail; Phoenician : AZBAL MLK GBL (Azba'al of Gebal), bringing down a bull; ; $80.00 (€70.40)
Thracians, , Early 5th - Middle 4th Century B.C.
This has traditionally been attributed to Parion, or as a imitative of the Parion . Based on find locations in the of Plovdiv, , Stara Zagora and Yambol in Bulgaria, has reattributed this imitative to the Thracian . He notes they may have been struck by a tribal mint or by one of the Greek cities within Odrysian territory to pay their annual tax to the tribe.GA47645. Silver , p. 230, 55, aVF, off center, 2.891 g, maximum 12.9 mm, Thracian, Greek city or tribal mint, Early 5th - Middle 4th Century B.C.; facing of ( ); square containing angles in each corner forming a cruciform pattern, with pellet in center; ex ; $75.00 (€66.00)
Tarsos, , c. 380 - 360 B.C.
GS58069. Silver , 310 - 311, 217 - 218, F, 0.458 g, maximum 10.0 mm, Tarsos mint, uncertain female facing slightly left; of Aphrodite right, wearing ; $75.00 (€66.00)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., ,
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, of , 163 - 130 B.C. The last of , Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.RP74294. Silver , 1659; 17; 94; p. 47, 17; 6362, F, encrusted, 1.798 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 0o, mint, c. 69 - 79 A.D.; AYOKP OVECΠACIANOC CEBA, laureate right; advancing right, wreath in right, over shoulder in left; $75.00 (€66.00)
Himera, , c. 530 - 520 B.C.
GA75658. Silver , pl. 15, 278; 144; cf. p. 76, 12 (hen); SNG Munchen 339 ( , hen); 427 (R1, , hen); -, VF, a little rough, 0.668 g, maximum 10.1 mm, Himera mint, c. 530 - 520 B.C.; cock standing right; square millsail pattern; ; $75.00 (€66.00)
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