Selge, , c. 300 - 190 B.C.
Selge, on the southern slope of Mount where the river Eurymedon (Köprücay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of . Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was strong enough to repel a body of Goths.GS83581. Silver , cf. 251; p. 259, 23 ff.; 630; -; -, VF, 0.972 g, maximum 10.2 mm, 0o, Selge mint, c. 300 - 190 B.C.; facing of ( ) with long hair, resembling or ; of right in crested Athenian helmet, (?) behind, snake(?) below; ex Numismatics e-sale 16, lot 194; $120.00 (€106.80)
Kyzikos, , c. 450 - 400 B.C.
During the Peloponnesian War, 431 - 404 B.C., Cyzicus was subject alternately to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GS84195. Silver , 57 ff.; 375; 49; p. 35, 120; -, gVF, some , 0.360 g, maximum 8.9 mm, 225o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; forepart of running left, tunny fish upwards behind; of roaring left, of four rays above, all in square; ex (2009); $120.00 (€106.80)
Apollonia Pontika, , c. 519 - 478 B.C.
Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for . The temple contained a colossal statue of by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its trade. GA64065. Silver , p. 570, 6; 32; 149, VF, grainy, 0.417 g, maximum 6.8 mm, 90o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, c. 519 - 478 B.C.; with perpendicular crossbar and circular loop on end, two pellets; curled swastika pattern; $110.00 (€97.90)
Halikarnassos(?), , c. 400 - 340 B.C.
In Kadmos 37 (1998), K. identifies Halikarnassos as a possible reading of the Carian . The ram may be a symbol of as the god of flocks and herds.GA72261. Silver , 873 (uncertain mint), 996, 496, 3316, -, -, VF, 0.507 g, maximum 8.6 mm, 270o, Carian mint, c. 400 - 340 B.C; of ram right; young male right, retrograde (resembles reversed S-A) across lower fields; $110.00 (€97.90)
Kebren, , c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Cebren was named for the river-god, whose river was located near Troy. He was the son of Oceanus and Tethys and father of Asterope, , and Oenone. Around 310 B.C., moved the residents of Cebren to , his new city.GA71662. Silver , cf. 254; 1544; 1078; p. 43, 7, VF, , nice , , 0.951 g, maximum 9.4 mm, Kebren mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; ram right, KEBP below; square with an irregular quadripartite/cruciform pattern; ; $105.00 (€93.45)
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Hecatomnids, c. 392 - 353 B.C.
The Hecatomnid dynasty or Hecatomnids were the rulers of and surrounding areas from about 392 - 334 B.C. They were nominally satraps (governors) under the Persian Achaeminid Empire, but ruled with considerable autonomy, and established a hereditary dynasty. The dynasty was founded by and originally had its seat in Mylasa; moved it to Halicarnassus. Hecatomnus' five children succeeded him in succession. The dynasty engaged in sibling marriage to presumably preserve royal power within the family. The dynasty ended with the conquests of Alexander the Great. Ada adopted him as her son, so that he would succeed to the rule of . The best-known monument of the dynasty is the Mausoleum that Artemisia II built in of her husband and brother .
• , ruled c. 392–377 B.C.
• , son of , ruled c. 377–353 B.C.
• Artemisia II, daughter of , wife of , ruled c. 353–351 B.C.
• Idrieus, son of , ruled c. 351–344 B.C.
• Ada, daughter of , wife of Idrieus, ruled c. 344–340 B.C. and c. 334–326 B.C. (under Alexander the Great)
• Pixodarus, son of , ruled c. 340–335 B.C.GS70805. Silver tetartemorion, 4, 862, 503, cf. 990 (no ), -, -, F, , 0.430 g, maximum 8.2 mm, 180o, (Mylasia? or Halicarnassus?) mint, early to mid 4th century B.C.; and neck of a left, turned slightly facing; and neck of a bull left, turned facing, Karian (resembles MV-H-Φ, clockwise from above), all within a round ; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Leontini, , c. 476 - 455 B.C.
Leontini was founded by from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the .GS65783. Silver hemilitra, 548; B; cf. 688 (R2, ); 216 ( , finer ); p. 88, 22 (same); 342 (same), F, , porous, crude (perhaps a barbaric imitative), 0.297 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 225o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; crude facing scalp, dot ; LE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round ; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by in 2012; very ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Mende, Chalcidice, Macedon, c. 510 - 480 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C. GA90295. Silver tritartemorion, .2, 8; 307; 34, VF, porous surfaces, uneven tone, 0.292 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Mende mint, c. 510 - 480 B.C.; and neck of ass right; pellet at truncation; mill-sail pattern ; ex CNG auction 249, lot 50; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving , Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for Rome (Acts 27:3, 4).GS70324. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; Hoover 10 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), VF, , , lightly etched surfaces, 0.841 g, maximum 9.45 mm, 0o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin between them; $100.00 (€89.00)
, , c. 413 - 406 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.GI83604. Silver , 59, 1010, 105 (R1), -, F, , etched surfaces, grainy surfaces, 1.86 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 180o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, c. 413 - 406 B.C.; right, wings open, lowered, holding supine hare right in talons; crab seen from above, fish right below; $100.00 (€89.00)
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