GS67125. Silver diobol, cf. SNG Keckman 693 - 700 (control symbol), HGC 6, 1465, VF, weight 0.657 g, maximum diameter 11.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodes mint, ?Plinthophoric? coinage, c. 188 - 84 B.C.; obverseradiate head of Helios right; reverse rose with bud to left; P-O flanking across field, control symbol (Isis headdress?) right; $120.00 (€90.00)
Caria, Uncertain Satrap, c. 400 - 350 B.C.
GS70805. Silver tetartemorion, Troxell Carians 4, SNG Keckman 862, Klein 503, cf. SNG Kayhan 990 (no inscription), SNG Turkey VIII -, SNG Cop -, F, toned, weight 0.430 g, maximum diameter 8.2 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, obverse head and neck of a lion left, head turned slightly facing; reverse head and neck of a bull left, head turned facing, Karian inscription (resembles MV-H-Φ, clockwise from above), all within a round incuse; rare; $120.00 (€90.00)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honorCaesarAugustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
RP90613. Silver hemidrachm, Metcalf 86a; Sydenham Caesarea 255; BMC Galatia p. 62, 140; SNGvA 6413; SNG Cop 223 var (draped and cuirassed), gF, well centered, struck with worn dies, weight 1.560 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea mint, 120 - 121 A.D.; obverse AYTO KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEBACT, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverseVictory advancing right, wreath in extended right, palm frond over shoulder in left, ET ∆ (year 4) in right field; ex CNG auction 326, part of lot 713; $120.00 (€90.00)
Massalia, Gaul (Marseilles, France), c. 121 - 49 B.C.
Based on weight and hoard evidence, Depeyrot identifies this style without sideburns as a late issue.
Massalia thrived as a port linking inland Gaul, hungry for Roman goods and wine, with Rome, and its insatiable need for products and slaves. The city lost its independence in 49 B.C. after it joined Pompey and the optimates, the losing side in the civil war with Julius Caesar.
GS65832. Silver obol, Depeyrot Marseille 58, SNG Cop 724, SNG Tübingen 131, SNG Leipzig 10, VF, toned, weight 0.406 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 45o, Massalia mint, obverse youthful head of Apollo left, without sideburns, border of dots; reverse wheel with four spokes, M-A in two of the quarters; $110.00 (€82.50)
Taras, Calabria, Italy, c. 380 - 325 B.C.
The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt. This type was struck with dozens of different pose variations on the reverse. In some scenes it even appears Herakles might lose. There are so many variations that it may be possible to take the photographs of the reverses and arrange them in a flip book to animate the fight.
GS67287. Silver diobol, Vlasto 1254 ff., HN Italy 914, SGCV I 351, aVF, grainy, small flan, obverse off center, weight 0.749 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 180o, Taras mint, c. 380 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested attic helmet decorated with a hippocamp; reverse TAPANTINΩN(?), young Heracles standing right strangling the Nemean lion, nude, club behind, K between Herakles legs; $110.00 (€82.50)
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C.
Philip and Perseus were the last Antigonid kings of Macedonia. Their reigns were both principally marked by unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., Macedonia came under Roman rule.
SH68563. Silver tetrobol, SNG Cop 1292; BMC Macedonia p. 10, 26; AMNG III 24, VF, tight flan, weight 2.115 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Macedonian mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse wreathed head of Maenad right; reverse MAKE/∆ONΩN, stern of galley sailing left, two crewmen standing on deck, M (control letter) right; scarce; $110.00 (€82.50)
Selge, Pisidia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprüçay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GS68737. Silver obol, SNGvA 5266 ff.; SNG BnF 1930; SNG Kayhan 1061; BMC Lycia p. 257, 7; cf. SNG Cop 246 ff. (no tongue); SGCV II 5478, VF, toned, edge chip, weight 0.768 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 45o, Selge mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverseGorgoneion head facing with protruding tongue; reverse helmeted head of Athena right, astragalos behind; $110.00 (€82.50)
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection
SNG Kayhan is a standard reference for the archaic silver fractional coins of Ionia and Karia and a very good overall for pre-Roman Greek coins from those areas (Ephesos and Miletos in particular). The book largely covers the private collection of the author and this particular volume consists solely of Greek coinage (i.e. Roman Provincials are not present). While there is some coverage of areas such as Thrace, Macedonia, Boiotia, Attika, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lydia, Phrygia, Lykia, Pamphylia, Pisidia, Isauria, Kilikia, Cyprus, Syria, Egypt, Incerti, it is Ionia and Karia that get most attention.
BK65561. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection, Istanbul, 2002, quatro, 41 pages of plates with corresponding pages of descriptions (1,076 coins); $100.00 (€75.00)
Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, c. 4th Century B.C.
Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek colonists from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for Apollo. The temple contained a colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The anchor on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its maritime trade.
GS64364. Silver diobol, Topalov Apollonia p. 596, 56; SNG BM 167; SNG Cop 459, aVF, weight 1.166 g, maximum diameter 10.418 mm, die axis 0o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo facing; reverseanchor flukes up, thick flukes, rectangular stock, A on left and crawfish seen from above on right between flukes and stock; $95.00 (€71.25)
Trierus, Thrace, 450 - 400 B.C.
The existence of ancient Trierus is only known from its coins.
GA64386. Silver hemiobol, SNG Cop 822; SNG Berry 498; BMC Thrace p. 181, 4; Klein 99; Weber 2399, aVF, toned, old scratches, weight 0.424 g, maximum diameter 9.8 mm, die axis 180o, Trierus mint, 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right within circle of dots; reverse TPIH, laurel branch, inscription around, linear square border, all within incuse square; $95.00 (€71.25)