Kolophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle, until Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C. Kolophon then went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power, Miletus.
GA68740. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 342, SNGvA 1808, SNG Cop -, Milne Kolophon -, Rosen -, Klein -, aEF, toned, weight 0.385 g, maximum diameter 6.26 mm, die axis 270o, Kolophon mint, late 6th century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo left; reverse mill-sail incuse punch; $110.00 (€82.50)
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection
SNG Kayhan is a standard reference for the archaic silver fractional coins of Ionia and Karia and a very good overall for pre-Roman Greek coins from those areas (Ephesos and Miletos in particular). The book largely covers the private collection of the author and this particular volume consists solely of Greek coinage (i.e. Roman Provincials are not present). While there is some coverage of areas such as Thrace, Macedonia, Boiotia, Attika, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lydia, Phrygia, Lykia, Pamphylia, Pisidia, Isauria, Kilikia, Cyprus, Syria, Egypt, Incerti, it is Ionia and Karia that get most attention.
BK65561. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection, Istanbul, 2002, quatro, 41 pages of plates with corresponding pages of descriptions (1,076 coins); $100.00 (€75.00)
Byzantion, Thrace, 387 - 340 B.C.
Byzantion was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 657 B.C. The city was rebuilt as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine I in 330 A.D. and renamed Constantinople. It became the capital of the Ottoman Empire when it was conquered in 1453. Today it is Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart.
GS64359. Silver hemidrachm, Schönert-Geiss Byzantion 778; SNG BM 17; Klein 88; SNG Cop 484 var (monogram); BMC Thrace p. 94, 23 var (same), SGCV I 158, VF, weight 1.933 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantion mint, 387 - 340 B.C.; obverse forepart of cow standing left on dolphin left, right foreleg raised, BY above (the first letter is an archaic form of "B" used at Byzantium), monogram under foreleg; reverse ornamented trident head; $100.00 (€75.00)
Argos, Argolis, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 330 - 270 B.C.
Argos is located in the eastern Peloponnese, very near the Aegean Sea. Inhabitants worshipped Hera. Sparta was a close neighbor to the south but the city was a nominal ally of Athens in the continuous conflict between Athens and Sparta in 5th century B.C.
GS68017. Silver triobol, BCD Peloponnesos 1094; SNG Cop 29; BMC Peloponnesus p. 141, 60; SGCV I 2794, aVF, scraped, weight 2.625 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 180o, c. 330 - 270 B.C.; obverse forepart of wolf at bay left; reverse large A, crescent below, A - P flanking above, all within an incuse square; $100.00 (€75.00)
Taras, Calabria, Italy, c. 380 - 325 B.C.
This type was struck with dozens of different pose variations on the reverse. In some scenes it even appears Herakles might lose. There are so many variations that it might be possible to take photographs of the reverses and arrange them in a flip book to animate the fight.
GS67286. Silver diobol, cf. Vlasto 1315, HN Italy 911, F, rough, weight 0.924 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 0o, Taras mint, c. 380 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested helmet decorated with Skylla; reverseHerakles naked kneeling right, strangling the Nemean Lion, A (or ∆) above the lion; $100.00 (€75.00)
Persian Empire, Samaria, c. 375 - 333 B.C.
Minted in Samaria while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest.
JD35912. Silver obol, Meshorer-Qedar 161, Hendin -, F, weight 0.798 g, maximum diameter 8.9 mm, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse diademed bearded male head right; reverse facing lion scalp; $95.00 (€71.25)
Tarsos, Cilicia, c. 380 - 360 B.C.
GS58069. Silver obol, SNG BnF 310 - 311, SNG Levante 217 - 218, F, weight 0.458 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, Tarsos mint, obverse uncertain female head facing slightly left; reversebust of Aphrodite right, wearing tainia; $90.00 (€67.50)
Laranda, Lycaonia, c. 324 - 323 B.C.
Laranda (Karaman, Turkey today) was attacked and destroyed by Perdiccas in 322 B.C. This coin type may have been minted to pay for the city's defense.
GS63069. Silver obol, Göktürk 68, SNG Levante -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, gVF, uncleaned, weight 0.598 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 45o, Laranda mint, c. 324 - 323 B.C.; obverse facing head of Herakles, club over shoulder, H left; reverse wolf forepart right, star above left; rare; $90.00 (€67.50)
Kolophon, Ionia, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
This tetartemorion (1/3 or 1/4 obol) is also known without a symbol left (SNG Kayhan 358 and SNG v. Aulock 7905) and with various other symbols including a cicada (SNG Kayhan 359 and SNG v. Aulock 202), a stork (SNG Kayhan 360), and two pellets (SNG Kayhan 361 and SNG Cop 140) and a grain kernel (SNG Keckman 241). This was the first money to be marked with the denomination.
GA64093. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 358 ff. var (symbol), SNGvA 2002 var (same), SNG Cop 140 var (same), SNG Keckman 241 var (same), VF, weight 0.249 g, maximum diameter 8.1 mm, die axis 270o, Kolophon mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse TE (tetartemorion) ligature within incuse square, astragalos (knuckle bone used for divination) left; $90.00 (€67.50)
Corinth, Corinthia, Greece, 440 - 400 B.C.
Corinth, on the Isthmus of Corinth about halfway between Athens and Sparta, was the largest city and richest port in ancient Greece. It was known as a "wild" city." At the Temple of Aphrodite, 1000 sacred prostitutes served the wealthy and powerful merchants and officials living in or visiting the city. Korinthiazomai was a Greek word for fornicate.
GS64398. Silver diobol, BCD Corinth 44; BMC Corinth p. 12, 119; SNG Cop 27, aF, a rare and interesting reversetype, weight 0.758 g, maximum diameter 11.9 mm, die axis 135o, Corinth mint, 440 - 400 B.C.; obverse Pegasos flying left, curled archaic style wings, Ϙ below, vine with bunch of grapes above rump; reverse Pegasos rearing facing slightly left, curled wings, ∆IO around; $90.00 (€67.50)