Greek Silver Fractions
Rhodes, Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 125 - 88 B.C.
The c. 3 gram drachm standard on which this coin is struck, used by Rhodes and other Carian cities, is called 'Plinthophoric' for the square incuse around the reverse type (plinthos = brick or ingot). The archaized incuse reverse revived a characteristic more typical of the 5th century B.C.GS71655. Silver hemidrachm, Jenkins Rhodian, Group D, 191; SNG Keckman -; SNG Cop -; BMC Caria -, VF, weight 1.340 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes) mint, Plinthophoric period, c. 125 - 88 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse ∆AMAΣ (magistrate), rose with bud to right, P-O across fields, herm lower right, all within a shallow incuse square; $125.00 (€108.75)
Caria, Uncertain Satrap, c. 400 - 350 B.C.
GS70805. Silver tetartemorion, Troxell Carians 4, SNG Keckman 862, Klein 503, cf. SNG Kayhan 990 (no inscription), SNG Turkey VIII -, SNG Cop -, F, toned, weight 0.430 g, maximum diameter 8.2 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, obverse head and neck of a lion left, head turned slightly facing; reverse head and neck of a bull left, head turned facing, Karian inscription (resembles MV-H-Φ, clockwise from above), all within a round incuse; rare; $120.00 (€104.40)
Neapolis, Macedonia, 424 - 350 B.C.
Neapolis, Macedonia (Kavala, Greece today), was founded by settlers from Thasos near the end of the 7th century B.C., to exploit the rich gold and silver mines of the area. At the end of the 6th century B.C. Neapolis ("new city" in Greek) claimed its independence from Thasos and struck its own silver coins with the head of Gorgon. A member of the Athenian League, Neapolis was besieged by the allied armies of the Spartans and the Thasians in 411 B.C., during the Peloponnesian War, but remained faithful to Athens. The Apostle Paul landed at Neapolis on his second and third missionary journeys.GS68653. Silver hemidrachm, SNG ANS 455 (same dies); SNG Cop 229; BMC Macedonia p.85, 25; SGCV I 1417, F/VF, grainy, open flan cracks, weight 1.804 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 225o, Macedonia, Neapolis mint, 424 - 350 B.C.; obverse Gorgoneion; reverse NEOΠ (downward on right), diademed female head right; $120.00 (€104.40)
Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 450 - 400 B.C.
During the Peloponnesian War, 431 - 404 B.C., Cyzicus was subject alternately to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GA71686. Silver hemiobol, SNG Kayhan 57 ff.; SNG BnF 375; SNG Cop 49; BMC Mysia p. 35, 120; SNGvA -, gVF, broad flan, toned, porous, weight 0.364 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 270o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse head of roaring lion left, star of four rays above, all in incuse square; $120.00 (€104.40)
Kelenderis, Cilicia, 425 - 400 B.C.
The land around Kelenderis was inadequate for farming but, apparently from the coins, suitable for raising goats. On the plateau behind the hills there were vineyards and olive trees, rich sources of minerals, especially iron and woods, mainly pine and cedar, which were essential for ship building. The town was connected to the Central Anatolian Plateau with suitable passages in the valleys, but it was mainly a port, connected with Cyprus and other countries lying on the Mediterranean coasts.
GS65748. Silver obol, BMC Lycaonia p. 56, 32; Göktürk 6 var (Pegasos left); SNG BnF -; SNG Levante -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, VF, toned, some porosity, weight 0.797 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 270o, Kelenderis mint, 425 - 400 B.C.; obverse forepart of Pegasus right, curved wings, circle of dots; reverse KE (upper right), forepart of goat left, head turned back right; ex CNG e-Auction 185, lot 229 (27 Mar 2013); ex Kelly J. Krizan M.D. Collection; CNG Auction 25, lot 362 (24 Mar 1993); very rare; $110.00 (€95.70)
Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, c. Late 4th Century B.C.
Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek colonists from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for Apollo. The temple contained a colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The anchor on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its maritime trade.GS68929. Silver diobol, Topalov Apollonia p. 387, 1; SNG BM 167; SNG Stancomb 41; SNG Cop 461, VF, weight 1.256 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 0o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, Late 4th century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo facing; reverse anchor flukes up, thick flukes, rectangular stock, A on left and crawfish seen from above on right between flukes and stock; $110.00 (€95.70)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.RP90613. Silver hemidrachm, Metcalf 86a; Sydenham Caesarea 255; BMC Galatia p. 62, 140; SNGvA 6413; SNG Cop 223 var (draped and cuirassed), gF, well centered, struck with worn dies, weight 1.560 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea mint, 120 - 121 A.D.; obverse AYTO KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEBACT, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse Victory advancing right, wreath in extended right, palm frond over shoulder in left, ET ∆ (year 4) in right field; ex CNG auction 326, part of lot 713; $105.00 (€91.35)
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection
SNG Kayhan is a standard reference for the archaic silver fractional coins of Ionia and Karia and a very good overall for pre-Roman Greek coins from those areas (Ephesos and Miletos in particular). The book largely covers the private collection of the author and this particular volume consists solely of Greek coinage (i.e. Roman Provincials are not present). While there is some coverage of areas such as Thrace, Macedonia, Boiotia, Attika, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lydia, Phrygia, Lykia, Pamphylia, Pisidia, Isauria, Kilikia, Cyprus, Syria, Egypt, Incerti, it is Ionia and Karia that get most attention.BK65561. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection, Istanbul, 2002, quatro, 41 pages of plates with corresponding pages of descriptions (1,076 coins); $100.00 (€87.00)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.GA71547. Silver hemiobol, cf. SNG Kayhan 84 ff., SNG Cop 31 ff.; SNGvA 1623; BMC Troas p. 105, 10 ff.; Klein 333; Rosen 538; SGCV II 4174, VF, dark toning, weight 0.397 g, maximum diameter 7.8 mm, Kyme mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse eagle head left, KY or no ethnic; reverse incuse mill-sail pattern; $100.00 (€87.00)
Samos, Islands off Ionia, c. 400 - 380 B.C.
Samos is the birth place of Pythagoras. One of the famous attractions of the island is the aqueduct-tunnel which was dug through a mountain to bring water to the city from an inland secret the spring. The tunnel was in use for a very long period and discovered in 19th century thanks to Herodotos' writing of it. The tunnel is over 1000m long, an engineering marvel dug from both ends by two simultaneously working teams.GS71552. Silver diobol, Barron p. 212, 1 ff.; SNG Cop 1690; SNGvA 2295; SNG Kayhan 667; BMC Ionia p. 363, 140 ff.; HGC 6 1224 (R2), F, grainy, weight 1.099 g, maximum diameter 9.8 mm, die axis 90o, Samos mint, c. 400 - 380 B.C.; obverse facing lion head (scalp?); reverse prow of Samian galley right, ΣA below; rare; $100.00 (€87.00)
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