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Caria, Uncertain City (probably Mylasa), c. 420 - 390 B.C.
Among the smallest coins ever minted.GA76794. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 940 - 943, SNG Keckman I 926, VF, weight 0.150 g, maximum diameter 5.7 mm, die axis 165o, Carian mint, c. 420 - 390 B.C.; obverse forepart of lion right, head turned back left; reverse bird standing left within incuse square; $100.00 (€85.00)
Kolophon, Ionia, Late 6th Century B.C.
Kolophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle until Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C. Kolophon then went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power, Miletus.GA85103. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 343, SNGvA 1810, SNG Cop -, Milne Kolophon -, Rosen -, Klein -, EF, well centered, toned, slightly etched surfaces, weight 0.185 g, maximum diameter 5.8 mm, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, late 6th century B.C.; obversehead of Apollo left; reverse irregular quadripartite incuse square; $100.00 (€85.00)
Ainos, Thrace, c. 427 - 424 B.C.
Aenus, Enez, Turkey today, was on the southeastern coast of Thrace, near the mouth of the Hebrus River, not far from the Melas Gulf (modern Gulf of Saros), which is formed by the Thracian Chersonesus to the east. The city was said to be founded (or at least settled) by Aeolian migrants from Lesbos. Its mythical and eponymous founder was said to be Aeneus, a son of the god Apollo and father of Cyzicus. Another mythical ruler, named Poltys, son of Poseidon, entertained Heracles when he came to Aenus. In the Iliad, Homer mentions that the leaders of Troy's Thracian allies, Acamas and Peiros, came from Aenus.GS68735. Silver diobol, May Ainos 176 - 204, AMNG II 303, SNG Cop 405, SNG Lockett 1164, Pozzi 1033, McClean 3892, F, grainy, weight 1.167 g, maximum diameter 10.5 mm, die axis 45o, Ainos (Enez, Turkey) mint, c. 427 - 424 B.C.; obversehead of Hermes right, wearing petasos; reverse AIN, goat standing to right, coiled snake (control symbol) lower right; $95.00 (€80.75)
Leontini, Sicily, c. 476 - 455 B.C.
Leontini was founded by colonists from Naxos in 729 B.C. Six miles inland, it is the only Greek settlement in Sicily not located on the coast, Originally held by the Sicels, the site was seized by the Greeks to gain control of the fertile plain to the north.GS65783. Silver hemilitra, SNG Munchen 548; Boehringer Leontini B; cf. HGC 2 688 (R2, obol); SNG ANS 216 (obol, finer style); BMC Sicily p. 88, 22 (same); SNG Cop 342 (same), F, toned, porous, crude style (perhaps a barbaric imitative), weight 0.297 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 225o, Leontini (or unofficial?) mint, c. 476 - 466 B.C.; obverse crude facing lion scalp, dot border; reverseLE/ON (retrograde), barley grain, within shallow round incuse; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by Forum in 2012; very rare; $90.00 (€76.50)
Syracuse, Sicily, Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was restored in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. Syracuse fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately Syracuse was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened.GS90331. Silver hemilitron, Boehringer 716 (V351/R717), HGC 2 1390 (R2), SNG Cop -, SNG ANS -, SNG Munchen -, F, grainy, weight 0.347 g, maximum diameter 9.7 mm, Syracuse mint, c. 420 - 415 B.C.; obversehead of nymph Arethusa right, hair in saccos; reverse S-Y-R-A, ethnic clockwise within a wheel of four pokes; ex Numismatik Lanz; rare; $90.00 (€76.50)
Phistelia, Campania, Italy, c. 325 - 275 B.C.
Phistelia was a Samnite town in Campania, known today only from its coins. Its location is uncertain but some have identified it with modern Puteoli on the Gulf of Naples.GS85327. Silver obol, HN Italy 619; SNG ANS 584 ff.; Rutter p. 180, group IV, F, die wear, bumps and marks, toned, tiny edge cracks, weight 0.543 g, maximum diameter 10.2 mm, die axis 135o, Phistelia mint, c. 325 - 275 B.C.; obverse female head facing slightly left, wearing necklace; reverselion left, snake (control symbol) in exergue; $90.00 (€76.50)
Soloi, Cilicia, c. 450 - 386 B.C.
Soli (or Soloi) was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 B.C. southwest of Tarsus, in Cilicia. It was destroyed in the 1st century B.C., and refounded by Pompey the Great as Pompeiopolis (not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in Paphlagonia).GS74432. Silver tetartemorion, BMC Lycaonia p. 148, 24; SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, Klein -, VF, nice style, well centered, toned, slightly grainy, weight 0.214 g, maximum diameter 6.3 mm, die axis 90o, Soloi mint, c. 450 - 386 B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, wearing crested helmet, earring, and necklace; reverse bunch of grapes within linear circleborder, all in shallow round incuse; rare; $85.00 (€72.25)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honorCaesarAugustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.RP85967. Silver hemidrachm, RPC II 1659; Metcalf Cappadocia 17; Sydenham Caesarea 94; BMC Galatia p. 47, 17; SNGvA 6362, aVF, toned, bumps and scratches, weight 1.539 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 69 - 79 A.D.; obverse AYOKP KAICAP OVECΠACIANOC CEBA, laureate head right; reverseNike advancing right, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond over shoulder in left; $85.00 (€72.25)
Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, c. 519 - 478 B.C.
Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek colonists from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for Apollo. The temple contained a colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The anchor on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its maritime trade. GA64065. Silver hemiobol, Topalov Apollonia p. 570, 6; SNG Stancomb 32; SNG BM 149, VF, grainy, weight 0.417 g, maximum diameter 6.8 mm, die axis 90o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, c. 519 - 478 B.C.; obverseanchor with perpendicular crossbar and circular loop on end, two pellets; reverseincuse curled swastika pattern; $75.00 (€63.75)
Ziz (Panormos), Punic Sicily, c. 405 - 380 B.C.
Some authorities have identified the male head on the obverse as Apollo. Indeed, on some examples the head does resemble other depictions of the youthful sun god, but on other examples the god is horned. On this coin the head seems to better resemble traditional depictions of Herakles or Baal. The type usually has the Punic ethnic above the bull. Sometimes it is below. Most likely it should be above on this coin but is merely unstruck.GS66771. Silver obol, cf. Jenkins Punic (SNR 50) 14; BMC Sicily p. 249, 27; SNG ANS 551; SGCV I 889 (all w/ Punic ethnic "sys" above bull), aVF, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 9.14 mm, die axis 45o, Ziz (Palermo, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 405 - 380 B.C.; obverse male head left; reverseMan-faced bull advancing left, head turned facing; $75.00 (€63.75)