Kelenderis, , 425 - 400 B.C.
The land around Kelenderis was inadequate for farming but, apparently from the coins, suitable for raising goats. On the plateau behind the hills there were vineyards and olive trees, rich sources of minerals, especially iron and woods, mainly pine and cedar, which were essential for ship building. The town was connected to the Central Anatolian Plateau with suitable passages in the valleys, but it was mainly a , connected with and other countries lying on the Mediterranean coasts.GS65748. Silver , p. 56, 32; 6 var (Pegasos left); -; -; -; -, VF, , some , 0.797 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 270o, Kelenderis mint, 425 - 400 B.C.; forepart of right, curved wings, of dots; KE (upper right), forepart of goat left, turned back right; ex CNG e-Auction 185, lot 229 (27 Mar 2013); ex Kelly J. Krizan M.D. Collection; CNG Auction 25, lot 362 (24 Mar 1993); very ; $110.00 (€95.70)
Ziz (Panormos), Punic , c. 405 - 380 B.C.
Some authorities have identified the male on the as . Indeed, on some examples the does resemble other depictions of the youthful sun god, but on other examples the god is horned. On this coin the seems to better resemble traditional depictions of or . The usually has the Punic above the bull. Sometimes it is below. Most likely it should be above on this coin but is merely unstruck.GS66771. Silver , cf. (SNR 50) 14; p. 249, 27; 551; 889 (all w/ Punic "sys" above bull), aVF, 0.547 g, maximum 9.14 mm, 45o, Ziz (Palermo) mint, c. 405 - 380 B.C.; male left; advancing left, turned facing; $110.00 (€95.70)
Apollonia Pontika, , c. Late 4th Century B.C.
Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for . The temple contained a colossal statue of by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its trade.GS68929. Silver , p. 387, 1; 167; 41; 461, VF, 1.256 g, maximum 10.8 mm, 0o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, Late 4th century B.C.; laureate of facing; flukes up, thick flukes, rectangular stock, A on left and crawfish seen from above on right between flukes and stock; $110.00 (€95.70)
, the Great, c. 323 - 136 B.C.
It appears there may be a date below the of - ΣOP (year 176). If it actually is a date and if it is a Seleukid era date, it equates to 137 - 136 B.C. This would be an unlikely spot for a date. Most likely, the "date" is just fur.GS71548. Silver , cf. 4007 - 4011, 6735 - 6737, VF, 0.510 g, maximum 10.0 mm, 135o, uncertain Eastern mint, , c. 323 - 136 B.C.; Herakles' right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, no symbol; $110.00 (€95.70)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., ,
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, of , 163 - 130 B.C. The last of , Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.RP90613. Silver , 86a; 255; p. 62, 140; 6413; 223 var (draped and ), gF, , struck with worn dies, 1.560 g, maximum 15.8 mm, 0o, , mint, 120 - 121 A.D.; AYTO KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEBACT, laureate right, slight drapery on far shoulder; advancing right, wreath in extended right, frond over shoulder in left, ET ∆ (year 4) in right ; ex CNG auction 326, of lot 713; $105.00 (€91.35)
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Collection
is a reference for the archaic silver fractional coins of and Karia and a overall for pre-Roman from those areas ( and Miletos in particular). The book largely covers the private collection of the author and this particular volume consists solely of Greek coinage (i.e. Roman Provincials are not present). While there is some coverage of areas such as , , Boiotia, Attika, , , , Aiolis, , , Lykia, , , Isauria, Kilikia, , , , Incerti, it is and Karia that get most attention.BK65561. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Collection, Istanbul, 2002, quatro, 41 pages of plates with corresponding pages of descriptions (1,076 coins); $100.00 (€87.00)
Halikarnassos(?), , c. 400 - 340 B.C.
In Kadmos 37 (1998), K. identifies Halikarnassos as a possible reading of the Carian . The ram's may be a symbol of as the god of flocks and herds.GS73023. Silver , 996; 873; noted in , 0.490 g, maximum 7.6 mm, 0o, Carian mint, c. 400 - 340 B.C; of ram right; young male right, across lower fields; $100.00 (€87.00)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Cyme, one of the oldest and noblest of the Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in , though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its inhabitants were mainly agricultural and averse to seafaring.GA71981. Silver , cf. 84 ff., 31 ff.; 1623; p. 105, 10 ff.; 333; 538; 4174, VF, , porous, 0.461 g, maximum 8.1 mm, Kyme mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; left, K[Y] downward on left (Y off , possibly below neck); mill-sail pattern, pebble pattern within impressions; $100.00 (€87.00)
Pisidian Tribes (Pisidic, Galatian, or ?), Imitative of Selge, , c. 350 - 190 B.C.
This coin is a barbaric tribal imitative of a similar struck by Selge. Selge was a fortress-like Greek colony on the southern slope of Mount in , a wild frontier inhabited by warlike tribes, pirates, and bandits. Herodotus called the indigenous Pisidic people "Lakuna" but this was just one of many Pisidic tribes. The Hellenistic kings were never able to govern these indigenous people or the invading Galatian and new arrivals. In 39 B.C. Marc Antony entrusted to the Galatian client Amyntas and charged him with putting down the bandit Homonadesians, who threatened the roads connecting to . After Amyntas was killed in the struggle in 25 B.C., Rome made of the new province of . The Homonadesians were finally wiped out in 3 B.C.GS73027. Silver , cf. II 1586, pl. CXLIV, 15 (similarly crude, left); for Selge prototype see: 1930; 246; p. 259, 23, gVF, , 0.732 g, maximum 9.3 mm, 180o, Pisidian tribal mint, c. 350 - 190 B.C.; crude facing with short radiating hair, pellet eyes, thin nose, high cheeks, and closed mouth; crude of right in a crested helmet, behind; very ; $100.00 (€87.00)
Taras, , Italy, c. 380 - 325 B.C.
The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt. This was struck with dozens of different pose variations on the . In some scenes it even appears might lose. There are so many variations that it may be possible to take the photographs of the reverses and arrange them in a flip book to animate the fight.GS67287. Silver , 1254 ff., 914, 351, aVF, grainy, small , off center, 0.749 g, maximum 11.0 mm, 180o, Taras mint, c. 380 - 325 B.C.; of right, wearing crested attic helmet decorated with a ; TAPANTINΩN(?), young Heracles standing right strangling the , nude, club behind, K between legs; $95.00 (€82.65)
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