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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Republic ▸ 150-100 B.C.View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Republic 150 - 100 B.C.

Roman Republic, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.

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Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR77516. Bronze as, Crawford 313/2, Sydenham 575 (very rare), BMCRR I Rome 1357, Russo RBW 1160, SRCV I 733, gF, well centered, light corrosion, edge cracks, weight 24.804 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 106 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse Prow right, head of Venus decorating acrostolium (prow-stem), Cupid standing left before prow and placing wreath on head of Venus, L MEMMI (ME ligate) above, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare; $225.00 (200.25)


Roman Republic, L. Furius Philus, c. 189 - 180 B.C.

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In 188 B.C., through the Treaty of Apamea, the Seleucid king, Antiochus III, surrendered all his Greek and Anatolian possessions as far east as the Taurus Mountains. Rome had become master of the eastern Mediterranean. Continuing quarrels among the Greek cities and leagues increases the conviction in Rome that there will be no peace in Greece until Rome takes full control.
RR65633. Bronze as, Russo RBW 641 (same obverse die), Crawford 144/1, Sydenham 300, Babelon Furia 1, BMCRR I Rome 540, SRCV I 677, aF, weight 23.822 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain mint, c. 169 - 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, Victory flying right holding wreath and LFP monogram (obscured) above, I (mark of value) before, ROMA below; rare; $120.00 (106.80)


Roman Republic, L. Thorius Balbus, 105 B.C.

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The obverse refers to the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's place of origin. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name, Taurus sounds like Thorius. Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii. -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
RR79580. Silver denarius, BMCRR I Rome 1619, Crawford 316/1, Sydenham 598, RSC I Thoria 1, SRCV I 192, F, well centered, toned, banker's marks, bumps and scratches, porous, weight 3.571 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 105 B.C.; obverse head of Juno Sospita right, wearing horned goat skin headdress, ISMR (Iuno Sospita Mater Regina) downward behind; reverse bull charging right, D (control letter) above, LTHORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins; $120.00 (106.80)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.

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RR72284. Copper quadrans, McCabe Anonymous group L1.Qd.1, BMCRR I Rome 1196, F, weight 1.878 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, c. 135 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, three pellets before, ROMA below; $110.00 (97.90)


Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, c. 135 B.C.

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In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be king, the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.
RR66996. Bronze semis, SRCV I 869, Sydenham 464, Crawford 242/2, BMCRR 955, aF, rough, weight 8.377 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, c. 135 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, CAVG above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; $80.00 (71.20)







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
McCabe, A. "The Anonymous Struck Bronze Coinage of the Roman Republic: A Provisional Arrangement" in Essays Russo.
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Sunday, June 26, 2016.
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Roman Republic Coins of 150-100 B.C.