In 126 B.C., Seleucus V Philometor succeeded his father Demetrius II as king of the Seleucid Empire. Due to his youth, his stepmother Cleopatra Thea acted as regent. Tyre successfully revolted from the Seleucid Empire.
SH64091. Silver denarius, Crawford 266/1, Sydenham 502, RSC ICassia 1, SRCV I 142, VF, rose toning, weight 3.902 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 126 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma right; X over urn behind; reverseLibertas in quadriga right; pileus in right, scepter and reins in left, C. CASSI below, ROMA in exergue; ex CNG auction 273, part of lot 620; scarce; $310.00 (€232.50)
Roman Republic, P. Porcius Laeca, 110 - 109 B.C.
This moneyer was a descendant of P. Porcius Laeca, praetor in 195 B.C., who proposed and carried the Lex Porcia de Provocatione. This granted Roman citizens residing outside the city the right to appeal rulings of military magistrates.
SH59043. Silver denarius, SRCV I 178, Sydenham 571a, Crawford 301/1, RSC IPorcia 4, VF, weight 3.851 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 110 - 109 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet X below chin, ROML above, P LÆCA behind; reverse magistrate standing left in military dress with hand raised, citizen in toga before him, attendant behind magistrate with rod in right and two rods in left, PROVOCOin ex; $240.00 (€180.00)
Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 168 - 31 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus won the decisive Battle of Pydna. Perseus of Macedonia was made prisoner and the Third Macedonian War ended. Paullus executed 500 Macedonians, exiled many more to Italy and confiscated their belongings in the name of Rome but according to Plutarch, keeping too much to himself. On the return to Rome in 167 BC, his legions were displeased with their share of the plunder. To keep them happy, Paullus stopped in Epirus, a kingdom suspected of sympathizing with Macedonia; 70 towns were sacked, 150,000 people enslaved and the region was left to bankruptcy. Paullus' return to Rome was glorious. With the immense plunder collected in Macedonia and Epirus, he celebrated a spectacular triumph, featuring the captured king of Macedonia himself. The senate awarded him the cognomen Macedonicus.
SH62318. Bronze AE 22, BMC Macedonia 21, SNG Cop 58 var (monograms above and below inscription on rev), SNG ANS 104 var (same), VF, weight 7.633 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma right, winged helmet terminating at the top with the head of a griffin; reverse AMΦIΠO/ΛITΩN within oak-wreath; rare; $220.00 (€165.00)
Roman Republic, L. Valerius Flaccus, 108 - 107 B.C.
Mars and the apex recall that the moneyer's father held the office of Flamen Martialis. Crawford concludes the office of moneyer may have been consider a career substitute for aedileship and the grain on the reverse advertises the moneyer would have distributed grain had he been elected Aedile. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR66885. Silver denarius, SRCV I 183, Sydenham 565, Crawford 306/1, RSC I Valeria 11, VF, weight 3.652 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse winged and draped bust of Victory right, X below chin; reverse LVALERI / FLACCI (downward on left), Mars walking left, spear in right, trophy in left over shoulder, apex left, head of grain behind; $220.00 (€165.00)
Roman Republic, P. Servilius M.f. Rullus, 100 B.C.
The Victoryreverse refers to Marius' victories over the Teutones and Ambrones at Aquae Sextiae in 102 B.C. and the Cimbri at Vercellae in 101 B.C.
The P on the reverse indicates this coin was struck from silver withdrawn from the public treasury (EX ARGENTO PVBLICO).
RR66830. Silver denarius, SRCV I 207, Sydenham 601, Crawford 328/1, RSC IServilia 14, aVF, Toned, weight 3.840 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 100 B.C.; obversebust of Minerva left wearing Corinthian helmet and aegis, RVLLI upwards behind; reverseVictory in a biga right, horses rearing, reins in right, palm frond in left, P (abbreviates PVBLICO) below, P·SERVILI·M·F in exergue; $170.00 (€127.50)
Roman Republic, L. Memmius, 109 - 108 B.C.
Crawford notes that this moneyer may have traveled to Egypt and the unusual depiction of the Dioscuri may have been based on Egyptian artwork. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR54748. Silver denarius, SRCV I 181, Crawford 304/1, Sydenham 558, RSC IMemmia 1, VF, weight 3.882 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 109 - 108 B.C.; obverse young male head right wreathed with oak, X (XVI ligature) below chin; reverseDioscuri standing facing between their horses, each holding spear, L MEMMI in exergue; $160.00 (€120.00)
Roman Republic, L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with L. Pomponius, 118 B.C.
The reverse commemorates the victory in Gaul of Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus over the Allobroges and Bituitus, King of the Averni. King Bituitus was taken prisoner and in the triumph of Fabius at Rome he was displayed in his chariot of silver. Minted at the newly-founded city of Narbo, the first Roman colony in Gaul. L. Pomponius was a junior colleague of the two primary magistrates. L. Licinius Crassus and L. Porcius Licinus minted similar types.
RR59064. Silver denariusserratus, SRCV I 158, Crawford 282/4, Sydenham 522, RSC IPomponia 7, Sydenham 522, VF, weight 3.816 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 135o, Gaul, Narbo mint, 118 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, L·POMPONI CN F (NF in monogram) around, X (XVI ligature) behind; reverse naked Gallic warrior in biga right with shield, spear and carnyx, L·LIC·CN·DOM in exergue; $160.00 (€120.00)
Roman Republic, Post Reform, c. 169 - 80 B.C.
RR65633. Bronze as, cf. SRCV 712 (anonymous post reform as), F, weight 23.822 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain mint, c. 169 - 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, uncertain symbol above, I (mark of value) before, ROMA below; $150.00 (€112.50)
Roman Republic, Ti. Veturius, 137 B.C.
The reverse depicts the fetial ceremony, part of the ancient treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. This type revived the reverse of gold coinage issued in 217 - 216 B.C. and broke the 75-year tradition of Roma obverses with Dioscuri or chariot reverses on denarii.
RR66767. Silver denarius, SRCV 111, Crawford 234/1, Sydenham 527, RSC IVeturia 1, F, bumps, scratches, weight 3.731 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 137 B.C.; obverse head of Mars right in a winged and crested Corinthian helmet, X between neck and end of crest, TI VET (VET in monogram) behind; reverse Oath-taking scene, two standing warriors holding spears and facing attendant kneeling in center, holding sacrificial pig, ROMA above; $140.00 (€105.00)
Roman Republic, Cn. Cornelius Blasio Cn.f., 112 - 111 B.C.
Crawford notes this type was issued with 12 different symbol pairs, each used for one month of the year.
RR66774. Silver denarius, Crawford 296/1c, BMCRR Italy 626-627, Sydenham 561b, RSC ICornelia 19, SRCV I 173, VF, porous, weight 3.655 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 112 - 111 B.C.; obverse CN. BLASIO CN. F. (upwards on r.), helmeted head of Mars right, X above, bucranium behind; reverse Jupiter standing facing, long scepter in right, thunderbolt in left, between Juno (left) and Minerva (right) placing wreath on his head, Θ inner right, ROMAin ex; scarce; $140.00 (€105.00)
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979). Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880). Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974). Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910). Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001). Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989). Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000). Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
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