This moneyer was a descendant of P. Porcius Laeca, praetor in 195 B.C., who proposed and carried the Lex Porcia de Provocatione. This granted Roman citizens residing outside the city the right to appeal rulings of military magistrates.
SH59043. Silver denarius, SRCV I 178, Sydenham 571a, Crawford 301/1, RSC IPorcia 4, VF, weight 3.851 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 110 - 109 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet X below chin, ROML above, P LĆCA behind; reverse magistrate standing left in military dress with hand raised, citizen in toga before him, attendant behind magistrate with rod in right and two rods in left, PROVOCOin ex; $240.00 (€180.00)
Roman Republic, L. Antestius Gragulus, 136 B.C.
In 136 B.C., Confucianism was adopted as the state religion in China by the emperor Wu Di.
RR69080. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 238/3e, Sydenham 452d, SRCV I 1142, VF, weight 3.873 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 136 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, in Nemean Lion's scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, L·ANTES (NTE ligate) above, three pellets before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex NAC 61 (Oct 2011), lot 979, ex CNG sale 45 (1998), lot 1536; very rare; $175.00 (€131.25)
Roman Republic, Ti. Minucius c.f. Augurinus, 134 B.C.
Saturn was an ancient Roman god of fertility, especially of agriculture and usually carries a sickle as his symbol. Saturday is named for Saturn. Romans celebrated the Feast of Saturnalia at the Winter Solstice. Homes were decorated with greenery. Friends visited and exchanged gifts. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. War and executions were postponed. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world.
RR69081. Bronze semis, Crawford 243/2, Sydenham 495 (R4), SRCV I 870, F, some corrosion, weight 7.740 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse galley prow right, lituus over TI·AVGVR above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection .; rare; $175.00 (€131.25)
Roman Republic, M. Acilius M.f., 130 B.C.
Only one example in Paris, none in the British Museum, none on Coin Archives.
RR69099. Bronze triens, Crawford 255/3, Sydenham 512a, BMCRR - (p. 170 existence of triens noted), SRCV I 1017, F, corrosion, weight 5.145 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 130 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, M.ACILI (MA ligate) above, four pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; extremely rare; $175.00 (€131.25)
Roman Republic, Cn. Cornelius Blasio Cn.f., 112 - 111 B.C.
Crawford notes this type was issued with 12 different symbol pairs (e.g., the wreath and Y are always paired), each used for one month of the year.
In 112 B.C. Numidian kingJugurtha declared war on Rome, and in the following year he allegedly bribed the Consul sent against him - igniting a huge scandal.
RR66888. Silver denarius, Crawford 296/1e, BMCRR Italy 629, Sydenham 561b, RSC ICornelia 19, SRCV I 173, VF, flat strike, banker, weight 3.670 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 112 - 111 B.C.; obverse CN BLASIO CN F (upwards on right), helmeted head of Mars right, X above, wreath (control symbol) behind; reverse Jupiter standing facing, long scepter in right, thunderbolt in left, flanked by Juno on left, and Minerva on right, Minerva crowning Jupiter with wreath, Y (control letter) between Jupiter and Minerva, ROMAin ex; scarce; $170.00 (€127.50)
Roman Republic, L. Memmius, 109 - 108 B.C.
Crawford notes that this moneyer may have traveled to Egypt and the unusual depiction of the Dioscuri may have been based on Egyptian artwork. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR54748. Silver denarius, SRCV I 181, Crawford 304/1, Sydenham 558, RSC IMemmia 1, VF, weight 3.882 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 109 - 108 B.C.; obverse young male head right wreathed with oak, X (XVI ligature) below chin; reverseDioscuri standing facing between their horses, each holding spear, L MEMMI in exergue; $160.00 (€120.00)
Roman Republic, M. Herennius, 108 - 107 B.C.
The Cantanaean brothers, Amphinomus and Anapias, saved their parents after an eruption of Mt. Etna, carrying them on their shoulders to safety. This moneyer had some connection to Sicily.
RR66895. Silver denarius, RSC IHerennia 1, Sydenham 567, Crawford 308/1a, BMCRE 1231 var (•A), SRCV I 185, VF, weight 3.742 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Pietas right, PIETAS (TA ligate) behind, A (control letter) below chin; reverse Amphinomus running right bearing his father on his shoulders, M HERENNI (HE ligate) left; $160.00 (€120.00)
Roman Republic, Post Reform, c. 169 - 80 B.C.
RR65633. Bronze as, cf. SRCV 712 (anonymous post reform as), F, weight 23.822 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain mint, c. 169 - 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, uncertain symbol above, I (mark of value) before, ROMA below; $150.00 (€112.50)
Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, 135 B.C.
In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be king, the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.
RR69085. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 243/4, Sydenham 495b, BMCRR Rome 956, SRCV I 1148, VF, small flan, weight 4.810 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 135 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, in Nemean Lion's scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, C•AVG above, three pellets before, ROMA below; scarce; $150.00 (€112.50)
Roman Republic, Ti. Veturius, 137 B.C.
The reverse depicts the fetial ceremony, part of the ancient treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. This type revived the reverse of gold coinage issued in 217 - 216 B.C. and broke the 75-year tradition of Roma obverses with Dioscuri or chariot reverses on denarii.
RR66767. Silver denarius, SRCV 111, Crawford 234/1, Sydenham 527, RSC IVeturia 1, F, bumps, scratches, weight 3.731 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 137 B.C.; obverse head of Mars right in a winged and crested Corinthian helmet, X between neck and end of crest, TI VET (VET in monogram) behind; reverse Oath-taking scene, two standing warriors holding spears and facing attendant kneeling in center, holding sacrificial pig, ROMA above; $140.00 (€105.00)
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979). Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880). Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974). Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910). Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001). Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989). Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000). Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
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