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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Republic ▸ 150-100 B.C.View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Republic 150 - 100 B.C.

Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.

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This Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
GS79630. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group XII, monogram 6, 743 (O AC8 / R 592); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, toned, bumps and marks, die wear, weight 16.745 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left on hip, MH monogram inner left; $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00


Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.

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This Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
GS79631. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group XII, monogram 6, 834 (O AF4 / R 462); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, high relief convex obverse, concave reverse, toned, centered on a tight flan, die wear, scratches and marks, weight 16.949 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, die axis 315o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left on hip, MH monogram inner left; $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00


Roman Republic, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.

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Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR77516. Bronze as, Crawford 313/2, Sydenham 575 (very rare), BMCRR I Rome 1357, Russo RBW 1160, SRCV I 733, gF, well centered, light corrosion, edge cracks, weight 24.804 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 106 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse Prow right, head of Venus decorating acrostolium (prow-stem), Cupid standing left before prow and placing wreath on head of Venus, L MEMMI (ME ligate) above, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00


Roman Republic, Q. Curtius and M. Silanus, 116 or 115 B.C.

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In 116 B.C., Gaius Marius was narrowly elected as praetor for the following year and then promptly accused of ambitus (electoral corruption). He barely won acquittal on the charge. In 115 B.C., he spent an uneventful year as praetor in Rome.
RR79571. Silver denarius, Crawford 285/2, Sydenham 537, RSC I Curtia 2, BMCRR Italy 482, SRCV I 162, gF, centered, light toning, weight 3.904 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 195o, Rome mint, 116 or 115 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X behind, QCVRT before; reverse Jupiter in a quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt with right, scepter in left, horses rearing, M SILA (LA ligate) below, ROMA in exergue; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Roman Republic, L. Furius Philus, c. 189 - 180 B.C.

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In 188 B.C., through the Treaty of Apamea, the Seleucid king, Antiochus III, surrendered all his Greek and Anatolian possessions as far east as the Taurus Mountains. Rome had become master of the eastern Mediterranean. Continuing quarrels among the Greek cities and leagues increases the conviction in Rome that there will be no peace in Greece until Rome takes full control.
RR65633. Bronze as, Russo RBW 641 (same obverse die), Crawford 144/1, Sydenham 300, Babelon Furia 1, BMCRR I Rome 540, SRCV I 677, aF, weight 23.822 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain mint, c. 169 - 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, Victory flying right holding wreath and LFP monogram (obscured) above, I (mark of value) before, ROMA below; rare; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Roman Republic, L. Antestius Gragulus, 136 B.C.

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This was the first type to use the X value mark (ligate XVI = 16 asses).
RR79554. Silver denarius, Crawford 238/1, Sydenham 451, RSC I Antestia 9, BMCRR Rome 976, SRCV I 115, F, nice style, obverse off center, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.775 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 136 B.C.; obverse GRAG, helmeted head of Roma right, X below chin; reverse Jupiter in quadriga right, thunderbolt in right, long lotus topped scepter and reins in left, LAES below, ROMA in exergue; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Roman Republic, L. Thorius Balbus, 105 B.C.

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The obverse refers to the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's place of origin. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name, Taurus sounds like Thorius. Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii. -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
RR79580. Silver denarius, BMCRR I Rome 1619, Crawford 316/1, Sydenham 598, RSC I Thoria 1, SRCV I 192, F, well centered, toned, banker's marks, bumps and scratches, porous, weight 3.571 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 105 B.C.; obverse head of Juno Sospita right, wearing horned goat skin headdress, ISMR (Iuno Sospita Mater Regina) downward behind; reverse bull charging right, D (control letter) above, LTHORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.

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RR72284. Copper quadrans, McCabe Anonymous group L1.Qd.1, BMCRR I Rome 1196, F, weight 1.878 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, c. 135 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, three pellets before, ROMA below; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, c. 135 B.C.

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In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be king, the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.
RR66996. Bronze semis, SRCV I 869, Sydenham 464, Crawford 242/2, BMCRR 955, aF, rough, weight 8.377 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, c. 135 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, CAVG above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
McCabe, A. "The Anonymous Struck Bronze Coinage of the Roman Republic: A Provisional Arrangement" in Essays Russo.
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, July 26, 2016.
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Roman Republic Coins of 150-100 B.C.