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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Republic ▸ 150-100 B.C.View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Republic 150 - 100 B.C.

Roman Republic, Mn. Aemilius Lepidus, 114 - 113 B.C.

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The triple-arch probably represents the Aqua Marcia, an aqueduct begun by M. Aemilius Lepidus and M. Fulvius Nobilior as Censors in 179 B.C.
RR74514. Silver denarius, SRCV I 168, Crawford 291/1, Sydenham 554, RSC I Aemilia 7, BMC Italy 590, Choice VF, toned, porosity, weight 3.468 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 114 - 113 B.C.; obverse laureate and draped bust of Roma right, ROMA (MA ligate) before, X (XVI ligature) behind; reverse MNAEMILIO (MN in monogram), horseman holding vertical spear (equestrian statue) right, on triple-arch containing L-E-P; $400.00 (348.00)


Roman Republic, Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus, 103 B.C.

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The reverse refers to the moneyer's ancestor, Q. Minucius Q. f. L. n. Thermus, consul in 193 B.C., who distinguished himself by his bravery against the Ligurians.
RR75242. Silver denarius, SRCV I 197, Sydenham 592, Crawford 319/1, RSC I Minucia 19, BMCRR Italy 653, Choice VF, attractive style, nice toning, well centered, weight 3.928 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 15o, Rome mint, 103 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Mars left; reverse Roman soldier fighting a barbarian, fallen soldier in center below, each holding a sword and shield, QTERMMF in exergue; $350.00 (304.50)


Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 104 B.C.

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In 104 B.C., the Republic was in a state of emergency. The Cimbri had just dealt Rome its most severe defeat since Cannae; two armies were destroyed. Italy was nearly defenseless. The consul Gaius Marius asked King Nicomedes III of Bithynia to provide troops. Nicomedes III turned down the request declaring, "All those eligible for military service in my kingdom have been robbed by the Roman tax-farmers and sold into slavery." In response, about 800 Italian slaves in Sicily were freed. Non-Italians slaves incorrectly believed they had also been freed. When ordered back to servitude, these slaves amassed an army 2,000 cavalry and 20,000 infantry. The revolt, the Second Servile War, lasted until 100 B.C., caused famine in Rome, and was defeated only after great effort. It was the second of a series of three slave revolts in the Roman Republic.
RR75244. Silver denarius, RSC I Coelia 3, Crawford 318/1b, Sydenham 582a, SRCV I 196 var (noted), Choice VF, fantastic style, excellent centering, nice old cabinet toning, a few scratches, weight 3.948 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 104 B.C.; obverse head of Roma left in winged helmet; reverse Victory in a biga left holding reins in both hands, CALD below, Q and three pellets (control mark) in exergue; $280.00 (243.60)


Roman Republic, L. Memmius, 109 - 108 B.C.

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Crawford notes that this moneyer may have traveled to Egypt and the unusual depiction of the Dioscuri may have been based on Egyptian artwork. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR74535. Silver denarius, SRCV I 181, Crawford 304/1, Sydenham 558, RSC I Memmia 1, VF, attractive style and toning, weight 3.884 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 109 - 108 B.C.; obverse young male head right wreathed with oak, X (XVI ligature) below chin; reverse Dioscuri standing facing between their horses, each holding spear, L MEMMI in exergue; $250.00 (217.50)


Roman Republic, L. Furius Philus, c. 189 - 180 B.C.

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In 188 B.C., through the Treaty of Apamea, the Seleucid king, Antiochus III, surrendered all his Greek and Anatolian possessions as far east as the Taurus Mountains. Rome had become master of the eastern Mediterranean. Continuing quarrels among the Greek cities and leagues increases the conviction in Rome that there will be no peace in Greece until Rome takes full control.
RR65633. Bronze as, RBW Collection 641 (same obverse die), Crawford 144/1, Sydenham 300, Babelon Furia 1, BMCRR I Rome 540, SRCV I 677, aF, weight 23.822 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain mint, c. 169 - 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, Victory flying right holding wreath and LFP monogram (obscured) above, I (mark of value) before, ROMA below; rare; $135.00 (117.45)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.

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RR72284. Copper quadrans, McCabe Anonymous group L1.Qd.1, BMCRR I Rome 1196, F, weight 1.878 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, c. 135 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, three pellets before, ROMA below; $125.00 (108.75)


Roman Republic, L. Marcius Philippus, 113 - 112 B.C.

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The moneyer, L. Marcius Philippus, became consul in 91 B.C. In that year, Marcus Livius Drusus, a tribune of the plebs, with senate support, proposed laws for the distribution of grain, assignment of public land, and founding colonies in Italy and Sicily. Philippus, in conflict with the senate, vigorously opposed the tribune. Philippus declared in the senate that he could no longer carry on the government with such a body, and that there was need of a new senate. L. Licinius Crassus responded that that man could not be his consul who refused to recognize him as senator. Violence spilled out into the forum. After Philippus was bloodied, dragged away by the throat and imprisoned, Drusus successfully passed his laws in the assemblies. Philippus later reconciled with the senate and, as an augur, convinced the senate to declare the laws of Drusus null and void because they were carried against the auspices. Nothing else is recorded of his consulship, except that he recommended the senate to lay claim to Egypt, in consequence of its having been left to them by the will of Alexander.
RR71972. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 293/2, Sydenham 552, BMCRR II Italy 535, Babelon Marcia 13, RBW Collection 1133, SRCV I 1185, gF, corrosion, weight 6.918 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 113 - 112 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets (mark of value) behind, L PHILIPPVS upwards before; reverse galley prow right, cock standing right on deck above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 8, lot 523; ex ArtCoins Roma auction 4, lot 824; rare; $115.00 (100.05)


Roman Republic, L. Memmius, 109 - 108 B.C.

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Crawford notes that this moneyer may have traveled to Egypt and the unusual depiction of the Dioscuri may have been based on Egyptian artwork. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR90335. Silver denarius, SRCV I 181, Crawford 304/1, Sydenham 558, RSC I Memmia 1, aVF, weight 3.567 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 109 - 108 B.C.; obverse young male head right wreathed with oak, X (XVI ligature) below chin; reverse Dioscuri standing facing between their horses, each holding spear, L MEMMI in exergue; ex Frascatius; $110.00 (95.70)


Roman Republic, M. Atilius Saranus, 148 B.C.

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In Roman mythology, Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, and of beginnings and endings. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR71952. Bronze as, Crawford 214/2a, Sydenham 399, BMCRR I Rome 692, SRCV I 727, gF, weight 28.832 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 148 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse galley prow right, MATILI above, I (mark of value) right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 10, 547; $110.00 (95.70)


Roman Republic, Ti. Minucius c.f. Augurinus, 134 B.C.

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Saturn was an ancient Roman god of fertility, especially of agriculture and usually carries a sickle as his symbol. Saturday is named for Saturn. Romans celebrated the Feast of Saturnalia at the Winter Solstice. Homes were decorated with greenery. Friends visited and exchanged gifts. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. War and executions were postponed. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world.
RR69081. Bronze semis, Crawford 243/2, Sydenham 495 (R4), SRCV I 870, F, some corrosion, weight 7.740 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse galley prow right, lituus over TIAVGVR above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; rare; $105.00 (91.35)




  



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REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Saturday, August 29, 2015.
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Roman Republic Coins of 150-100 B.C.