Roman Republic 150 - 100 B.C.
Roman Republic, L. Furius Philus, c. 189 - 180 B.C.
In 188 B.C., through the Treaty of Apamea, the Seleucid king, Antiochus III, surrendered all his Greek and Anatolian possessions as far east as the Taurus Mountains. Rome had become master of the eastern Mediterranean. Continuing quarrels among the Greek cities and leagues increases the conviction in Rome that there will be no peace in Greece until Rome takes full control.RR65633. Bronze as, RBW Collection 641 (same obverse die), Crawford 144/1, Sydenham 300, Babelon Furia 1, BMCRR I Rome 540, SRCV I 677, aF, weight 23.822 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain mint, c. 169 - 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, Victory flying right holding wreath and LFP monogram (obscured) above, I (mark of value) before, ROMA below; rare; $150.00 (€130.50)
Roman Republic, L. Valerius Flaccus, 108 - 107 B.C.
Mars and the apex recall that the moneyer's father held the office of Flamen Martialis. Crawford concludes the office of moneyer may have been consider a career substitute for aedileship and the grain on the reverse advertises the moneyer would have distributed grain had he been elected Aedile. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. CrawfordRR90734. Silver denarius, SRCV I 183, Sydenham 565, Crawford 306/1, RSC I Valeria 11, VF, centered, toned, weak centers, weight 3.834 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse winged and draped bust of Victory right,
Roman Republic, M. Herennius, 108 - 107 B.C.
The Cantanaean brothers, Amphinomus and Anapias, saved their parents after an eruption of Mt. Etna, carrying them on their shoulders to safety. This moneyer had some connection to Sicily.RR66895. Silver denarius, RSC I Herennia 1, Sydenham 567, Crawford 308/1a, BMCRE 1231 var (•A), SRCV I 185, VF, weight 3.742 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Pietas right, PIETAS (TA ligate) behind, A (control letter) below chin; reverse Amphinomus running right bearing his father on his shoulders, M HERENNI (HE ligate) left; $140.00 (€121.80)
Roman Republic, L. Flaminius Chilo, 109 - 108 B.C.
Spartacus, the Roman slave and rebel leader was born in 109 B.C. He died in 71 B.C.RR90435. Silver denarius, SRCV I 179, RSC I Flaminia 1, Crawford 302/1, VF, porous, weight 3.690 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse ROMA, helmeted head of Roma right, X below chin; reverse L FLAMINI CILO, Victory in biga right, holding wreath; $140.00 (€121.80)
Roman Republic, C. Servilius M.f., c. 136 B.C.
The Dioscuri, the twins Castor and Pollux, most frequently appear on coins of the Roman Republic as horsemen galloping, with couched lances, and stars above their pilei. Their mother was Leda, the queen of Sparta. Castor was the mortal son of Tyndareus, her husband, the king of Sparta. Pollux was the divine son of Zeus, who seduced Leda in the guise of a swan. When Castor was killed, Pollux asked Zeus to let him share his own immortality with his twin to keep them together, and they were transformed into the constellation Gemini. The pair were regarded as the patrons of sailors, to whom they appeared as St. Elmo's fire, and were also associated with horsemanship. In Rome, their festival was celebrated on the 28th of January.RR71949. Silver denarius, Crawford 239/1, Sydenham 525, RSC I Servilia 1, BMCRR Italy 540, SRCV I 116, aVF, nice style, well centered, toned, a few marks, weight 3.659 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, c. 136 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma right, wreath and
Roman Republic, L. Memmius, 109 - 108 B.C.
Crawford notes that this moneyer may have traveled to Egypt and the unusual depiction of the Dioscuri may have been based on Egyptian artwork. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. CrawfordRR90335. Silver denarius, SRCV I 181, Crawford 304/1, Sydenham 558, RSC I Memmia 1, aVF, weight 3.567 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 109 - 108 B.C.; obverse young male head right wreathed with oak,
Roman Republic, Mn. Aemilius Lepidus, 114 - 113 B.C.
The triple-arch probably represents the Aqua Marcia, an aqueduct begun by M. Aemilius Lepidus and M. Fulvius Nobilior as Censors in 179 B.C.RR90750. Silver denarius, SRCV I 168, Crawford 291/1, Sydenham 554, RSC I Aemilia 7, BMC Italy 590, F, weight 3.591 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 114 - 113 B.C.; obverse laureate and draped bust of Roma right, ROMA (MA ligate) before,
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.
RR72284. Copper quadrans, McCabe Anonymous group L1.Qd.1, BMCRR I Rome 1196, F, weight 1.878 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, c. 135 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, three pellets before, ROMA below; $125.00 (€108.75)
Roman Republic, M. Servilius C.f., 100 B.C.
In 100 B.C., Lucius Appuleius Saturninus, a tribune, passed a law to redistribute land to military veterans. The law required all senators to swear to abide by it. Quintus Caecilus Metellus Numidicus refused and was exiled. In December, Saturninus ran for consul for the following year. After a rival candidate, Gaius Memmius, was murdered by his agents, the Senate declared Saturninus a public enemy. Marius, as consul, defeated his former ally in a battle in the Forum. Saturninus and his followers surrendered on condition that their lives would be spared, but they were stoned to death with roof tiles by renegade senators.RR71944. Silver denarius, BMCRR Rome I 1660, Crawford 327/1, Sydenham 602, RSC I Servilia 13, SRCV I 206, gF, weight 3.649 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 100 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, ornamented with griffin's head, the visor in three pieces and peaked, wearing triple-drop earring and pearl necklace, ω (control letter) behind; reverse two dismounted horseman engaged in combat with swords and shields, their horses in background, M•SERVEILI•C•F over A (control letter) in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 10, lot 571; $120.00 (€104.40)
Roman Republic, L. Marcius Philippus, 113 - 112 B.C.
The moneyer, L. Marcius Philippus, became consul in 91 B.C. In that year, Marcus Livius Drusus, a tribune of the plebs, with senate support, proposed laws for the distribution of grain, assignment of public land, and founding colonies in Italy and Sicily. Philippus, in conflict with the senate, vigorously opposed the tribune. Philippus declared in the senate that he could no longer carry on the government with such a body, and that there was need of a new senate. L. Licinius Crassus responded that that man could not be his consul who refused to recognize him as senator. Violence spilled out into the forum. After Philippus was bloodied, dragged away by the throat and imprisoned, Drusus successfully passed his laws in the assemblies. Philippus later reconciled with the senate and, as an augur, convinced the senate to declare the laws of Drusus null and void because they were carried against the auspices. Nothing else is recorded of his consulship, except that he recommended the senate to lay claim to Egypt, in consequence of its having been left to them by the will of Alexander.RR71972. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 293/2, Sydenham 552, BMCRR II Italy 535, Babelon Marcia 13, RBW Collection 1133, SRCV I 1185, gF, corrosion, weight 6.918 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 113 - 112 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets (mark of value) behind, L PHILIPPVS upwards before; reverse galley prow right, cock standing right on deck above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 8, lot 523; ex ArtCoins Roma auction 4, lot 824; rare; $115.00 (€100.05)
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