The obverse refers to the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's place of origin. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name, Taurus sounds like Thorius. Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii. -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
SH71945. Silver denarius, BMCRR I Rome 1634, Crawford 316/1, Sydenham 598, RSC IThoria 1, SRCV I 192, gF, nice style, centered, toned, weight 3.716 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 105 B.C.; obverse head of Juno Sospita right, wearing horned goat skin headdress, I·S·M·R (Iuno SospitaMaterRegina) downward behind; reverse bull charging right, N (control letter) above, L·THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics, e-auction 10, lot 569; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00
Roman Republic, Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus, 103 B.C.
The reverse refers to the moneyer's ancestor, Q. Minucius Q. f. L. n. Thermus, consul in 193 B.C., who distinguished himself by his bravery against the Ligurians.
RR71970. Silver denarius, Crawford 319/1, Sydenham 592, RSC IMinucia 19, BMCRR Italy 653, SRCV I 197, Nice VF, well centered, attractive toning, weight 3.847 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Mars left; reverse Roman soldier fighting barbarian, fallen soldier in center below, each holding a sword and shield, Q•TERM•MF in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 9, lot 532; $240.00 SALE PRICE $216.00
Roman Republic, C. Servilius M.f., c. 136 B.C.
The Dioscuri, the twins Castor and Pollux, most frequently appear on coins of the Roman Republic as horsemen galloping, with couched lances, and stars above their pilei. Their mother was Leda, the queen of Sparta. Castor was the mortal son of Tyndareus, her husband, the king of Sparta. Pollux was the divine son of Zeus, who seduced Leda in the guise of a swan. When Castor was killed, Pollux asked Zeus to let him share his own immortality with his twin to keep them together, and they were transformed into the constellation Gemini. The pair were regarded as the patrons of sailors, to whom they appeared as St. Elmo's fire, and were also associated with horsemanship. In Rome, their festival was celebrated on the 28th of January.
RR71949. Silver denarius, Crawford 239/1, Sydenham 525, RSC IServilia 1, BMCRR Italy 540, SRCV I 116, aVF, nice style, well centered, toned, a few marks, weight 3.659 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, c. 136 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma right, wreath and X behind, ROMA below; reverse the Dioscuri riding in opposite directions, heads turned confronting, each with star above his head and holding a spear, C•SERVEILI•M•F in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 19, lot 551; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
Sicily, Syracuse, Roman Rule, 2nd Century B.C.
At the time of listing, we were unable to find another example of this raretype online.
GB72272. Bronze tetras, BMC Sicily p. 228, 711; SNG ANS 1095; SNG Cop 896; SGCV I 1232; SNG München -; HGC 2 -, Fine/Fair, weight 4.988 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, 2nd Century B.C.; obversebust of Demeter right, wearing veil over wreath of barley; reverse ΣYPA−KOΣ−IΩN, two crossed flaming long torches; extremely rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
Roman Republic, M. Servilius C.f., 100 B.C.
In 100 B.C., Lucius Appuleius Saturninus, a tribune, passed a law to redistribute land to military veterans. The law required all senators to swear to abide by it. Quintus Caecilus Metellus Numidicus refused and was exiled. In December, Saturninus ran for consul for the following year. After a rival candidate, Gaius Memmius, was murdered by his agents, the Senate declared Saturninus a public enemy. Marius, as consul, defeated his former ally in a battle in the Forum. Saturninus and his followers surrendered on condition that their lives would be spared, but they were stoned to death with roof tiles by renegade senators.
RR71944. Silver denarius, BMCRR Rome I 1660, Crawford 327/1, Sydenham 602, RSC IServilia 13, SRCV I 206, gF, weight 3.649 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 100 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, ornamented with griffin's head, the visor in three pieces and peaked, wearing triple-drop earring and pearl necklace, ω (control letter) behind; reverse two dismounted horseman engaged in combat with swords and shields, their horses in background, M•SERVEILI•C•F over A (control letter) in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 10, lot 571; $175.00 SALE PRICE $158.00
Roman Republic, M. Baebius Q. f. Tampilus, 137 B.C.
An unusual coin because Roma’s head faces left instead of the usual right, it is the first appearance of Apollo on a denarius, and the positions of ROMA and the moneyer’s name are reversed. The moneyer’s purpose for departing from tradition is unknown. -- Roman Coins and Their Values by David R. Sear
RS71951. Silver denarius, Crawford 236/1, BMCRR I Rome 935, Sydenham 489, RSC IBaebia 12, SRCV I 113, gVF, attractive rose toning, weight 3.955 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 137 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma left; X under chin, TAMPIL upward behind; reverseApollo in quadriga right, laurel branch in right hand, bow with arrow and reins in left, ROMA below, M.BAEBI.Q.F. in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 10, lot 549; scarce; $175.00 SALE PRICE $158.00
Roman Republic, L. Marcius Philippus, 113 - 112 B.C.
The moneyer, L. Marcius Philippus, became consul in 91 B.C. In that year, Marcus Livius Drusus, a tribune of the plebs, with senate support, proposed laws for the distribution of grain, assignment of public land, and founding colonies in Italy and Sicily. Philippus, in conflict with the senate, vigorously opposed the tribune. Philippus declared in the senate that he could no longer carry on the government with such a body, and that there was need of a new senate. L. Licinius Crassus responded that that man could not be his consul who refused to recognize him as senator. Violence spilled out into the forum. After Philippus was bloodied, dragged away by the throat and imprisoned, Drusus successfully passed his laws in the assemblies. Philippus later reconciled with the senate and, as an augur, convinced the senate to declare the laws of Drusus null and void because they were carried against the auspices. Nothing else is recorded of his consulship, except that he recommended the senate to lay claim to Egypt, in consequence of its having been left to them by the will of Alexander.
RR71972. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 293/2, Sydenham 552, BMCRR II Italy 535, BabelonMarcia 13, RBW Collection 1133, SRCV I 1185, gF, corrosion, weight 6.918 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 113 - 112 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets (mark of value) behind, L PHILIPPVS upwards before; reverse galley prow right, cock standing right on deck above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 8, lot 523; ex ArtCoins Roma auction 4, lot 824; rare; $165.00 SALE PRICE $149.00
Roman Republic, M. Herennius, 108 - 107 B.C.
The Cantanaean brothers, Amphinomus and Anapias, saved their parents after an eruption of Mt. Etna, carrying them on their shoulders to safety. This moneyer had some connection to Sicily.
RR66895. Silver denarius, RSC IHerennia 1, Sydenham 567, Crawford 308/1a, BMCRE 1231 var (•A), SRCV I 185, VF, weight 3.742 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Pietas right, PIETAS (TA ligate) behind, A (control letter) below chin; reverse Amphinomus running right bearing his father on his shoulders, M HERENNI (HE ligate) left; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
Roman Republic, M. Atilius Saranus, 148 B.C.
In Roman mythology, Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, and of beginnings and endings. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR71952. Bronze as, Crawford 214/2a, Sydenham 399, BMCRR I Rome 692, SRCV I 727, gF, weight 28.832 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 148 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse galley prow right, M•ATILI above, I (mark of value) right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 10, 547; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
Roman Republic, Ti. Minucius c.f. Augurinus, 134 B.C.
Saturn was an ancient Roman god of fertility, especially of agriculture and usually carries a sickle as his symbol. Saturday is named for Saturn. Romans celebrated the Feast of Saturnalia at the Winter Solstice. Homes were decorated with greenery. Friends visited and exchanged gifts. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. War and executions were postponed. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world.
RR69081. Bronze semis, Crawford 243/2, Sydenham 495 (R4), SRCV I 870, F, some corrosion, weight 7.740 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse galley prow right, lituus over TI·AVGVR above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection .; rare; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979). Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880). Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974). Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910). Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001). Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989). Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000). Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
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