Pyrrhus occupied Panormos in 276 B.C., taking it away from Carthage. After Pyrrhus departed Sicily, the Romans occupied Panormos in 254 or 253 B.C. Hasdrubal in 251 and Hamilcar in 247 - 245 B.C. attempted to retake the town but failed. Panormos prospered under Rome, assuming great importance in trade due to its location at the center of the Mediterranean Sea.
SH68748. Bronze AE 13, Calciati p. 363, 195; Winterthur 1062, HGC 2 -, SNG Cop -, SNG ANS, SNG Morcom -, BMC Sicily -, Choice VF, weight 1.113 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 0o, Panormos (Palermo) mint, Roman rule, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obversebust of Demeter right, veiled and wreathed in grain; reverse two heads of grain, crescent above center, flanked by a pellet on each side; very rare; $280.00 (€210.00)
Roman Republic, T. Quinctius, 112 - 111 B.C.
D.S.S. is believed to stand for "de Senatus sententia," referring to the Senate's role in providing the Ludi Apollinares - equestrian games in honor of Apollo. It was at these games that desultors, bridles and whip in hand, mounted two bare-backed horses, riding one of them and leading another, and then at full gallop leaped alternately from one horse to the other many times, changing positions with amazing agility. Young Romans, some of the highest rank, not content with driving the biga or quadriga, carried these exercises to the utmost excess. The Roman desultor wore a pileus and by managing two horses honored the memory of Pollux representing his deceased (missing) brother Castor, as well as himself.
RS69900. Silver denarius, SRCV I 174, RSC IQuinctia 6, Sydenham 563, Crawford 297/1b, VF, toned, weight 3.978 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 112 - 111 B.C; obverse laureate bust of Hercules left, wearing lion-skin and holding club; reverseDesultor galloping left, his second horse at his side, TI, rat (control symbol) and Q below, Y (control-letter) upper right, D•S•S incuse on tablet in ex; $250.00 (€187.50)
Roman Republic, P. Porcius Laeca, 110 - 109 B.C.
This moneyer was a descendant of P. Porcius Laeca, praetor in 195 B.C., who proposed and carried the Lex Porcia de Provocatione. This granted Roman citizens residing outside the city the right to appeal rulings of military magistrates.
SH59043. Silver denarius, SRCV I 178, Sydenham 571a, Crawford 301/1, RSC IPorcia 4, VF, weight 3.851 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 110 - 109 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet X below chin, ROML above, P LÆCA behind; reverse magistrate standing left in military dress with hand raised, citizen in toga before him, attendant behind magistrate with rod in right and two rods in left, PROVOCOin ex; $215.00 (€161.25)
Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, c. 125 - 40 B.C.
The style is close to that of Rome, but not quite right, and the inscription in the exergue does not match an official Roman type.
CE69906. Silver denarius, Davis Website -; for prototype cf. Roman Republic, T. Quinctius Flamininus, Rome mint, c. 126 B.C., SRCV I 143, RSC IQuinctia 2, Crawford 267/1, gF, well centered on broad flan, uneven toning with dark areas, weight 3.734 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. 125 - 40 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma right, apex behind, X below chin; reverseDioscuri on horseback right, round Macedonian shield and inverted crescent below, IOMΛ in exergue; appearance would almost certainly improve with cleaning; $200.00 (€150.00)
Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Heraklestype was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
SH70437. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group V, monogram 2, 72 (OE6 / R63); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, spotty toning, light scratches, weight 16.820 g, maximum diameter 35.1 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left on hip, M monogram inner left; $200.00 (€150.00)
Roman Republic, Cn. Cornelius Blasio Cn.f., 112 - 111 B.C.
Crawford notes this type was issued with 12 different symbol pairs (e.g., the wreath and Y are always paired), each used for one month of the year.
In 112 B.C. Numidian kingJugurtha declared war on Rome, and in the following year he allegedly bribed the Consul sent against him - igniting a huge scandal.
RR66888. Silver denarius, Crawford 296/1e, BMCRR Italy 629, Sydenham 561b, RSC ICornelia 19, SRCV I 173, VF, flat strike, banker, weight 3.670 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 112 - 111 B.C.; obverse CN BLASIO CN F (upwards on right), helmeted head of Mars right, X above, wreath (control symbol) behind; reverse Jupiter standing facing, long scepter in right, thunderbolt in left, flanked by Juno on left, and Minerva on right, Minerva crowning Jupiter with wreath, Y (control letter) between Jupiter and Minerva, ROMAin ex; scarce; $170.00 (€127.50)
Roman Republic, M. Herennius, 108 - 107 B.C.
The Cantanaean brothers, Amphinomus and Anapias, saved their parents after an eruption of Mt. Etna, carrying them on their shoulders to safety. This moneyer had some connection to Sicily.
RR66895. Silver denarius, RSC IHerennia 1, Sydenham 567, Crawford 308/1a, BMCRE 1231 var (•A), SRCV I 185, VF, weight 3.742 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Pietas right, PIETAS (TA ligate) behind, A (control letter) below chin; reverse Amphinomus running right bearing his father on his shoulders, M HERENNI (HE ligate) left; $160.00 (€120.00)
Roman Republic, L. Antestius Gragulus, 136 B.C.
In 136 B.C., Confucianism was adopted as the state religion in China by the emperor Wu Di.
RR69080. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 238/3e, Sydenham 452d, SRCV I 1142, VF, weight 3.873 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 136 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, in Nemean Lion's scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, L·ANTES (NTE ligate) above, three pellets before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex NAC 61 (Oct 2011), lot 979, ex CNG sale 45 (1998), lot 1536; very rare; $155.00 (€116.25)
Roman Republic, Ti. Minucius c.f. Augurinus, 134 B.C.
Saturn was an ancient Roman god of fertility, especially of agriculture and usually carries a sickle as his symbol. Saturday is named for Saturn. Romans celebrated the Feast of Saturnalia at the Winter Solstice. Homes were decorated with greenery. Friends visited and exchanged gifts. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. War and executions were postponed. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world.
RR69081. Bronze semis, Crawford 243/2, Sydenham 495 (R4), SRCV I 870, F, some corrosion, weight 7.740 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse galley prow right, lituus over TI·AVGVR above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection .; rare; $155.00 (€116.25)
Roman Republic, M. Acilius M.f., 130 B.C.
Only one example in Paris, none in the British Museum, none on Coin Archives.
RR69099. Bronze triens, Crawford 255/3, Sydenham 512a, BMCRR - (p. 170 existence of triens noted), SRCV I 1017, F, corrosion, weight 5.145 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 130 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, M.ACILI (MA ligate) above, four pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; extremely rare; $155.00 (€116.25)
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979). Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880). Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974). Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910). Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001). Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989). Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000). Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
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