Roman Republic, L. Memmius, 109 - 108 B.C.
notes that this moneyer may have traveled to and the unusual depiction of the may have been based on Egyptian artwork. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H.
Roman Republic, L. Furius Philus, c. 189 - 180 B.C.
In 188 B.C., through the Treaty of , the Seleucid , Antiochus III, surrendered all his Greek and Anatolian possessions as far east as the Mountains. Rome had become master of the eastern Mediterranean. Continuing quarrels among the Greek cities and leagues increases the conviction in Rome that there will be no peace in until Rome takes full control.RR65633. Bronze as, 641 (same die), 144/1, 300, 1, I Rome 540, 677, aF, 23.822 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 45o, uncertain mint, c. 169 - 80 B.C.; laureate of bearded , I (mark of value) above; prow right, flying right holding wreath and LFP (obscured) above, I (mark of value) before, below; ; $150.00 (€130.50)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.
RR72284. Copper , group L1.Qd.1, I Rome 1196, F, 1.878 g, maximum 16.5 mm, 135o, Rome mint, c. 135 - 100 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress, three pellets behind; prow of galley right, three pellets before, below; $125.00 (€108.75)
Roman Republic, L. Marcius Philippus, 113 - 112 B.C.
The moneyer, L. Marcius Philippus, became consul in 91 B.C. In that year, Livius , a tribune of the plebs, with senate support, proposed laws for the distribution of grain, assignment of public land, and founding colonies in Italy and . Philippus, in conflict with the senate, vigorously opposed the tribune. Philippus declared in the senate that he could no longer carry on the government with such a body, and that there was need of a new senate. L. Licinius Crassus responded that that man could not be his consul who refused to recognize him as senator. Violence spilled out into the . After Philippus was bloodied, dragged away by the throat and imprisoned, successfully passed his laws in the assemblies. Philippus later reconciled with the senate and, as an , convinced the senate to declare the laws of and void because they were carried against the auspices. Nothing else is recorded of his consulship, except that he recommended the senate to lay claim to , in consequence of its having been left to them by the will of Alexander.RR71972. Bronze , 293/2, 552, II Italy 535, 13, 1133, 1185, gF, corrosion, 6.918 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 113 - 112 B.C.; of right clad in scalp headdress, three pellets (mark of value) behind, L PHILIPPVS upwards before; galley prow right, cock standing right on deck above, three pellets (mark of value) before, below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ex Numismatics e-auction 8, lot 523; ex ArtCoins auction 4, lot 824; ; $115.00 (€100.05)
Roman Republic, L. Memmius, 109 - 108 B.C.
notes that this moneyer may have traveled to and the unusual depiction of the may have been based on Egyptian artwork. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. RR90335. Silver
Roman Republic, M. Atilius Saranus, 148 B.C.
In Roman mythology, (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, and of beginnings and endings. is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.RR71952. Bronze as, 214/2a, 399, I Rome 692, 727, gF, 28.832 g, maximum 33.6 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 148 B.C.; laureate of bearded , I (mark of value) above; galley prow right, M•ATILI above, I (mark of value) right, below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Numismatics e-auction 10, 547; $110.00 (€95.70)
Roman Republic, Ti. Minucius c.f. Augurinus, 134 B.C.
Saturn was an ancient Roman god of fertility, especially of agriculture and usually carries a sickle as his symbol. Saturday is named for Saturn. Romans celebrated the Feast of Saturnalia at the Winter Solstice. Homes were decorated with greenery. Friends visited and exchanged gifts. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. War and executions were postponed. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world. RR69081. Bronze , 243/2, 495 (R4), 870, F, some corrosion, 7.740 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; laureate of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; galley prow right, over TI· above, S (mark of value) on right, below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ; $105.00 (€91.35)
Roman Republic, Mn. Marcius M. f., 134 B.C.
In 134 B.C., Hipparchus discovered the precession of the equinoxes, the gradual shift in the orientation of Earth's of rotation, which, similar to a wobbling top, traces out a pair of cones joined at their apices in a cycle of approximately 26,000 years. Virtually all of the writings of Hipparchus are lost, including his on precession. They are mentioned by Ptolemy, who explains precession as the rotation of the celestial sphere around a motionless Earth. It is reasonable to presume that Hipparchus, similarly to Ptolemy, thought of precession in geocentric terms as a motion of the heavens, rather than of the Earth.RR71974. Bronze , 245/2, 501, I Rome 1014, 9, 1010, 1012, gF, corrosion, 6.639 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; helmeted of right, four pellets (mark of value) above; prow of galley right, M• / MN F (MAR and MNF ) in two lines above, four pellets (mark of value) before, below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Numismatics e-auction 8, lot 507; very ; $100.00 (€87.00)
Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, c. 135 B.C.
In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be , the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.RR66996. Bronze , 869, 464, 242/2, 955, aF, rough, 8.377 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, Rome mint, c. 135 B.C.; laureate of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; prow of galley right, C·AVG above, S (mark of value) on right, below; $90.00 (€78.30)
Roman Republic, Q. Caecilius Metellus, 130 B.C.
The first Acta Diurna (latin: Daily Acts) appeared around 131 B.C. These were daily official notices (a sort of daily gazette) carved on stone or metal and presented on message boards in public places in Rome. Content included results of legal proceedings and trials, and was later expanded to include public notices and other information such as prominent births, marriages and deaths. After a couple of days the notices were taken down and archived (though no copy has survived to the present day).RR71946. Bronze , 256/4, 510b, I Rome 1061 ff., 1160, F, porous areas, 3.049 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 130 B.C.; of right clad in scalp, three pellets (mark of value) behind; prow right; Q.METE (ME and TE ) above, three pellets (mark of value) before, in ; from the Andrew McCabe collection; ex Numismatics e-auction 10, 555; $90.00 (€78.30)
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