Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia, to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria.
Aigeai, Cilicia, 31 - 30 B.C.
Aegeai (various spellings, including Aigeae) means place of goats in Greek and was the name of many cities of antiquity. Aigeai, on the north-western shore of the Gulf of Issos, was the third largest city in Cilicia. It had a very important temple of Asklepios, which was considered a great privilege and which brought many visitors to the city.
SH26663. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Levante 1655, Bloesch 111, gVF, weight 14.436 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Aigeai mint, 31 - 30 B.C.; obverse veiled and turreted head of Tyche right; reverse AIΓEAIΩN, Athena standing left holding Victory and spear, shield at feet, ∆I and club in left field, Iς below, monogram in lower right field; $1030.00 (€772.50)
Philip I, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis, Cilicia
Aratos was a native of Soli. His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in Ephesus, Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the Antigonus II Gonatas, whose victory over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I Soter but returned to Pella where he died sometime before 240 B.C.
Comes with an old round coin ticket probably from Seaby 1960's or 1970's that references Milne, Numismatic Chronicle 1940, page 247, 40 (Notes on the Oxford Collection. 6, Phrygia to Galatia - Numismatic Chronicle, 5th ser. Vol. 20 (1940), p. 213-254, pls. XII-XIV). We do not hold NC 1940 and cannot verify the reference.
SH58900. Bronze hexassarion, Lindgren I 1605 (same dies); BMC Lycaonia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, SNG Pfälzer -, gF, weight 12.323 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; obverse AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, Π − Π across field; reverse ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 131) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped bust of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise; extremely rare; $510.00 (€382.50)
Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), Satrap of Cilicia & Cappadocia, c. 384 - 360 B.C., Tarsus, Cilicia
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great King. Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.
SH70110. Silver stater, Casabonne series 1; Moysey issue 4; SNG BnF 248; SNG Cop 264; BMC Lycaonia p. 165, 18; SNG Levante -; SNGvA -, aVF, spotty toning, faint porosity, weight 10.220 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Tarsos mint, obverse female head facing slightly left, wearing earring and necklace; reverse Aramaic legend: TRDMW (Datames) on left, bearded and helmeted male head (Ares?) right, wearing crested Athenian helmet, O/T monogram right; ex CNG auction 269, lot 146; $490.00 (€367.50)
Persian Empire, Satrapy of Cilicia, Pharnabazos, c. 379 - 374 B.C.
Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria. The Persian Empire initially allowed tributary native kings to govern. The last king of Cilicia was dethroned after he sided in a civil war with Cyrus the Younger, who was defeated by Artaxerxes II. Cilicia became an ordinary satrapy. In 377, Pharnabazos, the satrap of Cilicia, was made commander of a Persian attempt to retake Egypt, which had rebelled and had defeated two previous attempts to retake it. Pharnabazos hired Greek mercenaries under the Athenian general Iphicrates but a dispute with Iphicrates resulted in failure of the expedition.
SH65291. Silver stater, SNGvA 5922, SNG BnF 247, SNG Cop 266, SNG Levante -, VF, rough, edge cut, underweight, weight 9.545 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 90o, Tarsos mint, c. 378 - 373 B.C.; obverse female head facing slightly left, wearing pendant earring and necklace; reverse helmeted and bearded head right (Ares?), Aramaic inscription FRNBZW KLK (Pharnabazos Cilicia) on left; $320.00 (€240.00)
Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Ninica Claudiopolis, Cilicia
This is only the second example of the type known to Forum. The other is the referenced Righetti coin, which is also listed in RPC Online. Neither our coin, nor the Righetti coin, allow a complete reading of the obverselegend.
RP68956. Bronze AE 29, SNG Righetti 1600, RPC Online 10286 (=Righetti 1600), SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Pfalz -, BMC Lycaonia -, aF, green patina, weight 10.916 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 180o, Ninica Claudiopolis mint, obverse IMP CAE [...]-VS ANTONINVS(?), laureate, draped, and cuirassed(?) bust right; reverse CLAVDIO PO COL AV, Jupiter seated left, thunderbolt in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; 2nd known of this large 29 mm bronze!; extremely rare; $225.00 (€168.75)
Olba, Cilicia, Late 1st Century B.C.
Olba was an ancient city located in present-day southern Turkey. The priests of the city's temple of Zeus (photograph right) were once kings of the country. In Roman times the city became a Roman colony in the province of Isauria.
GB70786. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 3723; SNGvA 5782; SNG Levante 645; SNG BnF 839; SNG Cop -, gVF, weight 6.391 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Olba mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse EP, empty throne of Zeus, turned half right; reverse OΛBEΩN, winged thunderbolt, NI upper right; rare; $165.00 (€123.75)
Seleukeia Kalykadnos, Cilicia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The Cilician Seleukia was founded by Seleukos I on the course of river Kalykadnos and soon became an important city, rivalling Tarsos.
GB90308. Bronze AE 18, SNG Levante 697, SNG BnF 925, SNG Cop 205 ff. var (monograms), VF, weight 4.104 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Seleukeia ad Calycadnum (Silifke, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, ΣYM upward behind; reverse ΣEΛEYKEΩN TΩN ΠPOΣ TΩI KAΛYKA∆NΩI, forepart of horse right, complex monogram above, PE and M∆H monograms below; ex Frascatius; $150.00 (€112.50)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Tarsus, Cilicia
Our search of numerous references and auction results found numerous coins with various reverse types struck with the same obverse die. We also found numerous examples with a similar reverse but with a different obverselegend and the reverselegend with A∆P MHT. We did not find another example of this variant.
RP57158. Bronze tetrassarion, apparently unpublished; SNG BnF -, Lindgren -, BMC Lycaonia -, SNGvA -; cf. SNG Levante 1058 (legends) & 1067 (same obv die, different rev type), aF, weight 18.919 g, maximum diameter 35.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cilicia, Tarsus mint, c. 209 - 217 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI M AYP CEYEPOC ANTΩNEINOC, bust right, in robes of demiourgos, Π − Π; reverse ANTΩNEINIANH CEYHP A∆PIA, emperor standing left, sacrificing over altar, wearing toga, TAPCOY/Λ N in ex, A / M / K left, Γ / B right; 35 mm medallic coin!; extremely rare variant; $145.00 (€108.75)
Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Mallos, Cilicia
Mallos was an ancient city near the mouth of the Pyramus River (now the Ceyhan Nehri), on a hill opposite Magarsus, which served as its port. The river has changed course and the site is now inland a few km from the Mediterranean coast on an elevation, a few km from Karatas, Adana Province, Turkey. Imperial coins of Mallos are rare and usually poorly preserved.
Argive Amphilochus was a prominent seer, and founded several oracles, most importantly at Mallus and, with his half-brother Mopsus, the oracle of Apollo at Colophon in Lydia. According to Herodotus, Amphilochus travelled farther east and founded a Posideion just beyond the mountain-pass "gate" in the Amanus between Cilicia and Syria.
RB71401. Bronze medallion, SNG Levante 1291, SNG BnF 1931 var (obv legend), Ziegler Kilikiens 915, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycaonia -, aF, rough, weight 27.566 g, maximum diameter 36.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mallos mint, obverseIMP CAES CAI ME CVIN DECIO TRAIANO SE, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse MALLO COLONNIA, FE-LIX divided by boar left in exergue, S - C in upper field, Decius in center, standing slightly left; with right hand offers a statuette of Marsyas to Tyche, she is on left, facing him; in his left hand Decius holds reigns of yoke of zebus behind him; Amphilochus on far side of yoke crowning emperor; HUGE AE36 medallion!; very rare; $140.00 (€105.00)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Diocaesarea, Cilicia
Diocaesarea, Cilicia was known as Olba until it was renamed during the reign of Vespasian. According to a legend told by Strabo (Geography, 14.5.10), the temple of Zeus Olbius was founded by Ajax, one of the Greek heroes of the Trojan War. The city and its surrounding territory was a theocracy, ruled by the hereditary priests of the temple.
RP57201. Bronze AE 29, SNG BnF 886, SNG Levante 678, SNG Pfälzer 423, Staffieri 27, BMC Lycaonia -, gF, weight 14.238 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Cilicia, Diocaesarea mint, as Caesar, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IOYΛIOC Φ[IΛIΠΠOYC K CE]B, bare-headed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse A∆PIA ∆IOKAICAPEΩN MHT (MHT ligate), KENNATΩ in ex, thunderbolt on throne of Zeus Olbios, lions on arms; rare; $135.00 (€101.25)
Bloesch, H. "Hellenistic Coins of Aegeae" in ANSMN 27. (1982). Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ). Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber. (1922 - 1929). Göktürk, M.T. "Small coins from Cilicia and surroundings" in MIMAA. Hill, G.F. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Greek Coins of Lycaonia, Isauria, and Cilicia. (London, 1900). Hoover, O. Handbook of Syrian Coins, Royal and Civic Issues, Fourth to First Centuries BC. (Lancaster, PA, 2009). Houghton, A., C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog.. (Lancaster, 2002 - 2008). Kubitschek, W. "Ninica Claudiopolis" in NZ 34 (1902). Lederer, P. "Die Staterprägung der Stadt Nagidos" in ZfN 41. Levante, E. "Coinage of Adana in Cilicia" in NC 1984. Lindgren, H.C. and F.L. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (1985). Lindgren, H.C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993). Moysey, R.A. "The Silver Stater Issues of Pharnabazos and Datames from the Mint of Tarsus in Cilicia" in ANSMN 31 (1986). Nelson, B.R., ed. Numismatic Art of Persia. The Sunrise Collection, Part I: Ancient - 650 BC to AD 650. (Lancaster, PA, 2011). Newell, E.T. "Myriandros, Alexandria Kat'isson" in AJN 53 (1919). Price, M.J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991). Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000). RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/ Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979). Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Staffieri, G.M. “La monetazione di Diocaesarea in Cilicia” in Quaderni Ticinesi XIV (1985). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 6: Phrygia to Cilicia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia, Cappadocia.... (Berlin, 1964). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland: Pfälzer Privatsammlungen, Part 6: Isaurien und Kilikien. (Munich, 2001). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale, Vol. 2: Cilicia. (Paris, 1993). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Israel I, The Arnold Spaer Collection of Seleucid Coins. (London, 1998). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Switzerland I. Levante-Cilicia. (Zurich, 1986; suppl., 1993). Winzer, A. Antike portraitmünzen der Perser und Greichen aus vor-hellenistischer Zeit (Zeitraum ca. 510-322 v.Chr.). Die frühesten Portraits lebender Menschen: Von Dareios I. bis Alexander III. (March-Hugstetten, 2005). Ziegler, R. Kaiser, Heer und Städtisches Geld : Untersuchungen zur Münzprägung von Anazarbos und Anderer Ostkilikischer Städte. (Vienna, 1993).
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