Kelenderis, , c. 425 - 350 B.C.
Kelenderis was a town, one of the oldest in , described in Hellenistic and Roman sources as a small, but strong castle. The rider on the may be , who was not only a horse trainer but also the protector of sailors, an appropriate for a town.SH70330. Silver , 23 (same dies); 83 (same dies); 5631 (same dies); p. 54, 20 ff. var. (no ); 66 var. (same), VF, , , light , 10.685 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 270o, Kelenderis mint, c. 425 - 350 B.C.; nude horseman facing sidesaddle on horse rearing right, whip in right; KEΛEN, goat kneeling right, looking back, right in ; $1260.00 (€1121.40)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis,
Aratos was a native of . His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in , Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the II Gonatas, whose over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I but returned to where he died sometime before 240 B.C.SH58900. Bronze hexassarion,
BIG 32mm bronze; extremely ; $400.00 (€356.00) 1605 (same dies); , p. 247, 20; -; -; -; -; -; -, gF, 12.323 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, , draped and right, Π − Π across ; ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 311) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise, with an old round coin ticket probably from 1960's or 1970's,
Hierapolis-Kastabala, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Hierapolis-Kastabala was an ancient city in Pedias, three kilometers ancient Pyramus. Alexander the Great stopped at Kastabala before the Battle of Issus in 333 B.C. Antiochus IV refounded the city with the name . In the first century B.C., was the capital of a small local kingdom under the rule of the former Cilician pirate Tarcondimotus I, an ally of . referred to the city as Rome's most loyal ally beyond the and the best friend of the Roman people. The city was known for its temple of Perasia. Strabo wrote of her priestesses who, in a trance, would walk barefoot over hot coals without damage.
GY73092. Bronze AE 15, cf. CNG e-auction 250, lot 112; otherwise apparently unpublished; -, SNG Levante-, SNGvA-, -, -, F, , highlighting "desert" , some corrosion, 2.776 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 90o, Hieropolis-Kastabola, mint, 2nd - 1st centuries B.C.; , draped of right, dotted ; standing left on torch, wings open, left, IEPOΠOΛITΩN above, ΠPOΣ TΩI ΠYPA[NA?] below; extremely ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Anazarbus, , Dynast Tarkondimotos, c. 69 - 39 B.C.
References loosely date this from the 2nd Century B.C. until Anazarbus was renamed Kaesarea in 19 B.C. Tarkondimotos, a pirate, was made dynast by Pompey in 69 B.C. and crowned by Marc Antony in 39 B.C. He died at in 31 B.C. After he was made , he issued a similar with his portrait on the and his name and title on the . This was likely struck before he was made .GB90422. Bronze , 6, 1363, 202, 548 (all referenced are from the same dies), VF, flaw on right edge, , 7.068 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 0o, Anazarbus (Anavarza, Turkey) mint, c. 69 - 39 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; Zeus enthroned seated left, nude to waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, offering in his right hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left hand, TAYK (Tarkondimotos) lower left, ANAZAPBEΩN (downward behind); ; $140.00 (€124.60)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tarsos,
"urns" or "crowns" were awarded to winners at ancient Greek games, similar to modern trophies. They are called "crowns" because they may have been placed on the of the . The crowns on this coin and the under the table refer to the Severia Olympia Games celebrated by Tarsos and other cities near the Syrian at a site called "the Quadrigae" where defeated in 194 A.D.
The A M K Γ Γ is a boast of Tarsos: Πρωτη Mεγιστη Kαλλιστη, meaning First (A is the Greek numeral one), Greatest, and Most Beautiful city of the three (adjoining) provinces ( , Isauria, ). The final Γ indicates a third , which was received under Valerian.RP83549. Bronze AE 33, 1185 (same dies), 1820 (same), 262, 6077 var. ( arrangement), -, -, aF, porous, weak center on , a little off center, 16.511 g, maximum 32.9 mm, 180o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, c. 255 - 260 A.D.; AV KAI ΠOVΛI OVAΛEPIANOC CE, , draped and right, Π - Π flanking at sides; TAPCO-V MHTPOPOLEWC, three prize crowns set on table, CEVHPI OΛV / A∆PIA EKI/XIPIAI / AVΓOVCTI-A / AKTIA , Γ Γ in ; ex ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Korykos, , 1st Century B.C.
Korykos (Corycus) was the for Seleucia, an important harbor and commercial town. The Romans defeated the fleet of Antiochus the Great near Korykos, in 191 B.C. In Roman imperial times emperors usually kept a fleet there to watch over the pirates.
was the messenger of the gods and the god of commerce and thieves. He was the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. His include the and winged sandals.GB71455. Bronze AE 16, 1099, 800 var. (EΠI/∆H) II p. 462, 1 var. ( , YB/ME), -, -, -, gVF, much nicer than the BnF plate coin, 2.463 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 45o, Korykos (Kizkalesi, Turkey) mint, Roman rule, 1st century B.C.; draped of right, bow and quiver over shoulder, below chin; standing left, holding laurel branch in right, leaning with left arm on column, EΠI over ∆I on left, KΩPYKIΩTΩN downward on right; $135.00 (€120.15)
, , Late 1st Century B.C.
Soloi, , c. 450 - 386 B.C.
(or Soloi) was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 B.C. southwest of Tarsus, in . It was destroyed in the 1st century B.C., and refounded by as Pompeiopolis (not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in ).GS74432. Silver tetartemorion, p. 148, 24; -, -, -, -, -, VF, nice , , , slightly grainy, 0.214 g, maximum 6.3 mm, 90o, Soloi mint, c. 450 - 386 B.C.; of right, wearing crested helmet, earring, and necklace; bunch of grapes within linear , all in shallow round ; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Kings of , Tarkondimotos, c. 39 - 31 B.C.
Tarkondimotos was made dynast by Pompey and crowned by Marc Antony. He died at the Battle of . The , frequently used in an earlier era by Seleukid kings, is almost certainly post-Actium, perhaps from Antioch.GB75283. Bronze AE 22, 3871, 5682, p. 237, 1 ff., F/aF, green , 8.040 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Hieropolis mint, c. 39 - 31 B.C.; diademed right, : in oval punch; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / TAPKON∆IMO/TOY, Zeus enthroned half left, around hips and legs with end over shoulder, offering extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, ΦIΛANT in ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Seleukeia Kalykadnos, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The Cilician Seleukia was founded by Seleukos I on the course of river Kalykadnos and soon became an important city, rivalling Tarsos.GB90308. Bronze AE 18, 697, 925, 205 ff. var. ( ), VF, 4.104 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, Seleukeia ad Calycadnum (Silifke, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; laureate of right, ΣYM upward behind; ΣEΛEYKEΩN TΩN ΠPOΣ TΩI KAΛYKA∆NΩI, forepart of horse right, complex above, PE and M∆H below; ex Frascatius; $120.00 (€106.80)
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