(?), Imitative of Zangids of , c. 1146 - 1200 A.D.,
This coin is a crude imitative of an fals of the Zangids of , Nur al-Din Mahmud, struck at Halab (Aleppo, ), 1146 - 1173 ( 73, 1850). That was itself also imitative, copying a of Constantine X, struck at Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey), 1059 - 1067 ( 8, 1853). The quality of the Zangids fals vary greatly and it can be difficult to distinguish between Halab mint issues and imitatives. This example is very crude and if any can be attributed to the , this is one.BZ77974. Bronze , -; cf. 73 (notes "barbaric" imitations), 1850 (notes imitations are perhaps struck by the ), F, desert , , 2.798 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 180o, uncertain mint, c. 1150 - 1200 A.D.; two imperial figures (Constantine X and ) standing facing, supporting between them resting on three steps, EX downward on left, imitation of inner left; Christ standing facing, , book of Gospels in left hand, right hand on hip, flanking , blundered imitation of around; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Kingdom of , VI (HRE), 1194 - 1197
VI was of Germany from 1190 - 1197, Holy Roman Emperor from 1191 - 1197, and of from 1194 - 1197. In 1197, his German soldiers mercilessly suppressed a revolt in Italy, especially in southern . In this same year, prepared for a Crusade, but, on 28 September, he died of malaria (or he may have been poisoned) in Messina. His son, Frederick II, inherited both the Kingdom of and the Imperial crown.ME72172. fraction, 1780 (R2), 2 (RR); 457 (R); , 477, VF, typical , slightly off-center, 0.944 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 0o, Palermo mint, 1194 - 1195; Arabic in Nashki script: Harir / quaysar / aughust ( ); + / Z REX / SICI +; ; $130.00 (€115.70)
, Seljuqs Sultanate of Rum, Kaykhusraw I, 1192 - 1196, 1204-1210,
ME65438. Bronze fals, cf. 1202, 957, 121946 (all same , not brockages), VF, , 3.135 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, horseman right, sword in right at shoulder, at each side of his , ornament below; of (normal is Arabic script); $75.00 (€66.75)
Normans, Kingdom of , William II, 1166 - 1189 A.D.
Secluded and pleasure-loving, William II, the , seldom emerged from his palace life at Palermo. Yet his reign was marked by an ambitious foreign policy and vigorous diplomacy. Champion of the papacy and in secret league with the Lombard cities he was able to defy the common enemy, Frederick I Barbarossa.ME77194. Bronze follaro, 432, VF, 2.208 g, maximum 12.6 mm, 0o, Messina mint, facing ; Arabic "al-malik / Ghulyalim / al-thani" ( William 2nd); $65.00 (€57.85)
, Seljuqs Sultanate of Rum, Kaykhusraw I, 1192 - 1196, 1204-1210
IS67182. Bronze fals, 1207, -, F, 2.506 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 315o, 2nd reign, 600 - 607 AH, 1205 - 1211; horseman riding right, sword in right, two stars above; Arabic inscriptions, no mint or date, including title "Abul-Fat-h"; $36.00 (€32.04)
Roman-Byzantine or Early , Bronze Disk , c. 350 - 650 A.D.
This is light for a and we would suspect it is a game piece but insists all these types of bronze with concentric rings are . He suggests some may be early .
BZ90517. cf. 127, VF, green , 3.570 g, maximum 15.1 mm, concentric circles (appear to cast); plain; $36.00 (€32.04)
The Coinage of the Ayyubids
BW40234. The Coinage of the Ayyubids by Paul
, Zangid Atabegs of Sinjar, Qutb al-Din Muhammad, 594 - 616 AD, 1197 - 1219 A.D.
The is imitative of a bronze of struck at Edessa, .IS47246. Bronze dirhem, 81, 1880.2, 1139 - 1140, F, obv off-center, 9.677 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 45o, Sinjar mint, 596 - 600 AH, 1199 - 1204 A.D.; : mint name and date (date off ), bare headed, curly-haired, draped a Roman-style left, spear in right over shoulder, on left shoulder; cursive four line : names and titles of the Abbasid Calif al-Nasir and Qutb al-Din Muhammad; Zengid tamga ( ) below; $17.00 (€15.13)
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