Islamic, Ottoman Empire, Mahmud II, AH 1223 - 1255, 1808 - 1839 A.D.
Mahmud II was the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He was born in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, the posthumous son of Sultan Abdul Hamid I. His reign is recognized for his extensive administrative, military, and fiscal reforms, which culminated in the Decree of Tanzimat ("Reorganization") that was carried out by his sons. Mahmud's reforms included the 1826 abolishment of the conservative Janissary corps.
SH73977. Gold Cedid Mahmudiye, Sultan 3012 (1 altin), Nuri Pere 773, Krause KM-645, Friedberg 11 (1/2 sequin), VF, holed, soldered suspension loop attached, weight 1.641 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Kostantaniye (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1835 - 1836 A.D.; obverse tughra of Mahmud II, Turkish: "adli" (the just) to right, four flowers on stems with leaves around, all within a twisted wreath design; reverse Arabic inscription: 27 (regnal year, 1835 - 1836 A.D.) / struck in Kostantaniye / 1223 (accession year AH), four flowers on stems with leaves around, all within a twisted wreath design; reeded edge; ex CNG e-auction 345, part of lot 735; ex Patrick H. James Collection; $125.00 (108.75)
Islamic, Umayyad Caliphate, al-Walid I ibn 'Abd al-Malik, 705 - 715 A.D.
Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik's reign saw the greatest expansion of the Caliphate, as successful campaigns were undertaken in Transoxiana, Sind, Hispania and against the Byzantines.
Balkh was an ancient city and center of Buddhism, Sufism and Zoroastrianism in what is now northern Afghanistan. It was one of the major cities of Khorasan, since the latter's earliest history. The Greeks called it Bactra, giving its name to Bactria. Marco Polo described Balkh as a "noble and great city." Outside the town was a large Buddhist monastery. Today it is mass of ruins and a small town 12 km from the right bank of the seasonally flowing Balkh River, at an elevation of about 365 m (1,200 ft), in the province of Balkh, about 20 km northwest of the provincial capital, Mazar-e Sharif.IS70944. Bronze fals, Album A197, cast as usual for the type, gF, weight 3.033 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, Balkh mint, AH 93, 711 - 712 A.D.; inscribed "360 to a dirhem"; ex Classical Numismatic Group e-auction 234, lot 589; very rare; $95.00 (82.65)
Islamic, Seljuqs Sultanate of Rum, Kaykhusraw I, 1192 - 1196, 1204-1210
Kaykhusraw I, the eleventh and youngest son of Kilij Arslan II, succeeded his father in 1192. He ruled 1192-1196 and 1205-1211, but had to fight his brothers for control of the Sultanate. He married a granddaughter of the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos. In 1207 he seized Antalya from its Frankish garrison and furnished the Seljuq state with a port on the Mediterranean. According to Niketas Choniates, he was killed in single combat by Theodore I Laskaris, the emperor of Nicaea, during the Battle of Antioch on the Meander.IS67182. Bronze fals, Album 1207, Mitchiner WOI -, F, weight 2.506 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 315o, 2nd reign, 600 - 607 AH, 1205 - 1211; obverse horseman riding right, sword in right, two stars above; reverse Arabic inscriptions, no mint or date, including title "Abul-Fat-h"; $55.00 (47.85)
The Coinage of the Ayyubids
BW40234. The Coinage of the Ayyubids by Paul Balog, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 12, London, 1980, 334 pages, 50 plates, hardcover, dust jacket, new; $40.00 (34.80)
Marsden's Numismata Orientalia Illustrata
BK40486. Marsden's Numismata Orientalia Illustrata: A Guide to Islamic and Oriental Coins with Values by Stephen Album, 1977, hardback with dust jacket, 318 pages. Illustrated throughout in black and white, shelf-worn, stains and damage to dust jacket, slight warping from humidity, new but "as used"; $40.00 (34.80)
Islamic, Zangid Atabegs of Sinjar, Qutb al-Din Muhammad, 594 - 616 AD, 1197 - 1219 A.D.
The obverse is imitative of a bronze of Caracalla struck at Edessa, Mesopotamia.IS47246. Bronze dirhem, Spengler and Sayles 81, Album 1880.2, Mitchiner WOI 1139 - 1140, F, obv off center, weight 9.677 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 45o, Sinjar mint, 596 - 600 AH, 1199 - 1204 A.D.; obverse Kufic inscription: mint name and date (date off flan), bare headed, curly-haired, draped a cuirassed Roman-style bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left shoulder; reverse cursive four line Kufic inscription: names and titles of the Abbasid Calif al-Nasir and Qutb al-Din Muhammad; Zengid tamga (stylized fulmen) below; $22.00 (19.14)
Islamic, Golden Horde Khans, Muhammed Bulaq Khan, 1369 - 1380 A.D., 771 - 782 A.H.
IS47876. Billon dirham, Sagdeeva 354 var (calligraphy), Savelev 90, Album 2046, Mitchiner WOI -, F, uneven strike, weight 1.428 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 135o, Urdu mint, AH 777, 1377 A.D.; obverse Arabic inscription: "Al-Sultan al-adil / Ghiyas al-dunya wa ud-din / Mohammed Khan, Khalda mulku" (The Just Sultan, defender of the faith and secular life, Khan Mohamed, may his rule endure); reverse Arabic inscription: Struck by the rule of Allah, in Urdu, 777; scarce; $21.00 (18.27)
The Coinage of the Tulunids (Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 139)
BW10080. The Coinage of the Tulunids by Oleg Grabar, The American Numismatic Society, 1957, 96 pages, 3 plates, used, good condition; $18.00 (15.66)
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