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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Thrace&Moesia>Maroneia

Maroneia, Thrace

Maroneia was located on the coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus. It was named after Maron, son of Euanthes, a priest of Apollo, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maron is also called a son of Dionysos. Grapes and vines are symbols of Dionysos or Maron, and advertise the famous wine of Maroneia, which was said to be capable of mixture with twenty times its quantity of water. The autonomous coinage of Maroneia ceased when it fell under the dominion of Philip of Macedon, but the town appears to have remained a place of mintage under Philip, Alexander, Philip Aridaeus, Lysimachus, etc. Not until the second century B.C., when the Romans were supreme in Greece, did Maroneia regain its autonomy. The date of the commencement of the new series of tetradrachms is uncertain, but it is likely that neither Maroneia nor Thasos began to coin again until after the closing of the Macedonian mints for silver in 148 B.C.Maroneia on Wikipedia


Maroneia, Thrace, Roman Rule, 146 - 45 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In the era of Ancient Greece and Rome, Maroneia was famous for its wine production. The wine was esteemed everywhere; it was said to possess the odor of nectar, and to be capable of mixture with twenty or more times its quantity with water. That the people of Maroneia venerated Dionysus, we learn not just from its famous Dionysian Sanctuary, the foundations of which can still be seen today, but also from the city's coins. -- Wikipedia
SH66571. Silver tetradrachm, Schönert-Geiss 1273; SNG Stockholm 769; BMC Thrace p. 128, 49 ff. var (monogram); SNG Cop 637 ff. var (same), VF, very broad flan, overstruck, slightly grainy and porous, weight 15.216 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Bulgaria) mint, 146 - 45 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse ∆IONYΣOY ΣΩTHPOΣ MAPONITΩN, Dionysos standing half left, nude, bunch of grapes in right, two narthex stalks and cloak in left, ΩΠA monogram lower left, TAM monogram lower right; $340.00 (€255.00)

Maroneia, Thrace, 377 - 365 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
SH63583. Silver triobol, Schönert-Geiss 251 (V39/R46), SNG Cop 616 (different dies), VF, weight 2.586 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 90o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Bulgaria) mint, 377 - 365 B.C.; obverse Forepart of horse prancing left, A−N−Θ around; reverse grape bunch on vine with leaves and tendrils, kantharos lower left, MA lower right; all within dotted square within shallow incuse square; $290.00 (€217.50)

Maroneia, Thrace, 377 - 365 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
SH63503. Silver triobol, Schönert-Geiss 267 ff., SNG FItzwilliam 1728, SNG Cop 617, gVF, flatly struck centers, weight 2.849 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 135o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Bulgaria) mint, 377 - 365 B.C.; obverse Forepart of horse prancing left, M-H-T around; reverse grape bunch on vine with leaves and tendrils, M-A flanking in lower fields, cloverleaf right; all within dotted square within shallow incuse square; $260.00 (€195.00)

Maroneia, Thrace, c. 146 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
GB64023. Bronze AE 20, Schönert-Geiss Maroneia 1690 (different dies); SNG Cop 634 var (monogram); BMC Thrace, p. 131, 87 var (same, etc.); SNG Evelpidis -; SNG Dreer -, VF, green patina, scratches, weight 7.808 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Bulgaria) mint, c. 146 B.C. - 1st century A.D.; obverse head of Herakles right; reverse MAPΩ/NITΩN, bridled horse galloping right, P∆Y monogram above; ex Helios Numismatik auction 7 (12 Dec 2011), lot 242; very rare; $175.00 (€131.25)

Maroneia, Thrace, 189 - 145 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
GB62076. Bronze AE 15, Schönert-Geiss 1695; cf. BMC Thrace p. 131, 88 (monogram above horse); SNG Cop 634 (same); SNG Evelpidis -; SNG Dreer -, F, weight 3.453 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Bulgaria) mint, 189 - 145 B.C.; obverse bearded, laureate head of Herakles right, club(?) behind; reverse MAPΩ/NITΩN, horse prancing right with reins trailing behind; rare; $40.00 (€30.00)

Maroneia, Thrace, c. 146 - 100 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
BB69754. Bronze AE 17, Schönert-Geiss 1566; BMC Thrace p. 130, 80; SNG Cop 645; Lindgren II 805, F+, green patina, weight 6.829 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia mint, c. 146 - 30 B.C.; obverse wreathed head of young Dionysos right; reverse MAPΩNITΩN, Dionysos standing left, grapes in right, narthex in left, monogram lower left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $36.00 (€27.00)


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REFERENCES

Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Schönert-Geiss, E. Die Münzprägung von Maroneia. (Berlin, 1987).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace (Parts 6 - 10). (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 2: Sicily-Thrace. (London, 1947).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 4: Paeonia - Thessaly. (London. 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, SNG Sweden II, The Collection of the Royal Coin Cabinet, National Museum of Monetary History, Part 2: Thrace-Euboia. (Stockholm, 1980).
West, A.B. Fifth and Fourth Century Gold Coins from the Thracian Coast. ANSNNM 40 (1929).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, July 23, 2014.
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Maroneia Greek Coins