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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ MaroneiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Maroneia, Thrace

Maroneia was located on the coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus. It was named after Maron, son of Euanthes, a priest of Apollo, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maron is also called a son of Dionysos. Grapes and vines are symbols of Dionysos or Maron, and advertise the famous wine of Maroneia, which was said to be capable of mixture with twenty times its quantity of water. The autonomous coinage of Maroneia ceased when it fell under the dominion of Philip of Macedon, but the town appears to have remained a place of mintage under Philip, Alexander, Philip Aridaeus, Lysimachus, etc. Not until the second century B.C., when the Romans were supreme in Greece, did Maroneia regain its autonomy. The date of the commencement of the new series of tetradrachms is uncertain, but it is likely that neither Maroneia nor Thasos began to coin again until after the closing of the Macedonian mints for silver in 148 B.C.Maroneia on Wikipedia


Maroneia, Thrace, Roman Rule, 146 - 45 B.C.

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Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. In the era of Ancient Greece and Rome, Maroneia was famous for its wine production. The wine was esteemed everywhere; it was said to possess the odor of nectar, and to be capable of mixture with twenty or more times its quantity with water. That the people of Maroneia venerated Dionysus, we learn not just from its famous Dionysian Sanctuary, the foundations of which can still be seen today, but also from the city's coins.
GS73524. Silver tetradrachm, Schönert-Geiss Maroneia 1079 (V33/R97); BMC Thrace p. 128, 56 ff. var (right monogram); SNG Cop 638 var (same); SGCV I 1635 var (monograms), VF, broad flan, light toning, minor flan crack, weight 15.949 g, maximum diameter 36.4 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, 146 - 45 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse ∆IONYΣOY ΣΩTHPOΣ MAPONITΩN, Dionysos standing half left, nude, bunch of grapes in right, two narthex stalks and cloak in left, ΩΠA monogram lower left, A lower right; $550.00 (€478.50)
 


Maroneia, Thrace, c. 146 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.

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Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
GB64023. Bronze AE 20, Schönert-Geiss Maroneia 1690 (different dies); SNG Cop 634 var (monogram); BMC Thrace, p. 131, 87 var (same, etc.); SNG Evelpidis -; SNG Dreer -, VF, green patina, scratches, weight 7.808 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, c. 146 B.C. - 1st century A.D.; obverse head of Herakles right; reverse MAPΩ/NITΩN, bridled horse galloping right, P∆Y monogram above; ex Helios Numismatik auction 7 (12 Dec 2011), lot 242; very rare; $155.00 (€134.85)
 


Maroneia, Thrace, c. 150 - 100 B.C.

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Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
GB74169. Bronze AE 26, Schönert-Geiss Maroneia 1415 (V25/R54); BMC Thrace p. 130, 72 ff. var (monograms); SNG Cop 643 var (monogram), VF, nice green patina, flan adjustment marks, weight 11.598 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, c. 150 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of young Dionysos right, wearing band across forehead, and ivy wreath; reverse ∆IONIΣOY ΣΩTHPOΣ MAPΩNITΩN, Dionysos standing left, nude but for chlamys on left arm, bunch of grapes in right hand, two stalks of narthex in left hand, monogram inner left, monogram inner right; $125.00 (€108.75)
 


Maroneia, Thrace, c. 146 - 100 B.C.

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Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
GB74718. Bronze AE 21, Schönert-Geiss Maroneia 1566, BMC Thrace p. 130, 80; SNG Cop 645; Lindgren II 805, aF, green patina, weak strike, weight 5.916 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, c. 146 - 30 B.C.; obverse head of young Dionysos right, wearing band across forehead, and ivy wreath; reverse MAPΩNITΩN, Dionysos standing left, nude but for chlamys on left arm, bunch of grapes in right hand, two stalks of narthex in left hand, chlamys on left arm; $28.00 (€24.36)
 


Maroneia, Thrace, c. 400 - 350 B.C.

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Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
GB74847. Bronze AE 14, BMC Thrace p. 129, 66; SNG Cop 632; SGCV I 1636, F, nice green patina, obverse off center, weight 3.657 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse free horse prancing right, ΠNκ monogram below; reverse MAP−ΩNI−TΩN, legend around three sides of linear square containing vine with four bunches of grapes, YE monogram beneath; $28.00 (€24.36)
 


Maroneia, Thrace, c. 146 - 30 B.C.

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Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
BB75642. Bronze AE 18, Schönert-Geiss Maroneia 1566, BMC Thrace p. 130, 80; SNG Cop 645; Lindgren II 805, F, rough green patina, weight 4.830 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, c. 146 - 30 B.C.; obverse head of young Dionysos right, wearing band across forehead, and ivy wreath; reverse MAPΩNITΩN, Dionysos standing left, nude but for chlamys on left arm, bunch of grapes in right hand, two stalks of narthex in left hand, chlamys on left arm; $.99 (€.86)







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REFERENCES

Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Schönert-Geiss, E. Die Münzprägung von Maroneia. (Berlin, 1987).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace (Parts 6 - 10). (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 2: Sicily-Thrace. (London, 1947).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 4: Paeonia - Thessaly. (London. 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, SNG Sweden II, The Collection of the Royal Coin Cabinet, National Museum of Monetary History, Part 2: Thrace-Euboia. (Stockholm, 1980).
West, A.B. Fifth and Fourth Century Gold Coins from the Thracian Coast. ANSNNM 40 (1929).

Catalog current as of Friday, September 04, 2015.
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Maroneia Greek Coins